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Vol. XI 

JANUARY, 1909 

No. 1 


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£-£— -£5<-^tf-*« 






Contents for January, 1909. 

Comments, 44 


The Bible a Missionary Book, By Wilbur B. Stover, 1 

The Need of Native Workers, By S. P. Berkebile, 6 

Giving That Increases, By E. H. Eby, . . . 7 

The Missionary's Interest in the Home Church, By Ella M. Brubaker, : 9 

Who Gives His Gold, By Nora E. Berkebile, 10 

Fisher Folk, By I. S. Long, , . 11 

The Christian and His Neighbor, By Nora Lichty, 15 

Bulsar Orphanages — Educational, By J. M. Blough, 17 

A Year With the Girls, By Mary Quinter, 19 

India Sunday-school Union, By J. B. Emmert, 22 

The Mission's Need— Prayer, By C. H. Brubaker, 25 

Music In India, By Sadie J. Miller, \ . . . t . . 2$ 

What the Church Expects of a Missionary, By S. N. McCann, .28 

Value of a Furlough to a Missionary, By Eliza B. Miller, 29 

Our Need— Medical, By A. W. Ross, . .30 

" For Women Only," By Mary E. Stover, 33 

The Bhil Kings of the Dangs, By J. M. Pittenger, • 34 

Meditations, By Alice K. Ebey, . . . 36 

Education of Missionary Children, By Mrs. Elizabeth McCann, 37 

Our Trip to the Conference, By D. J. Lichty, 39 

During Monsoon, By Florence Baker Pittenger, 40 

The Bulsar Missionary Society, By Lellu Jallem, 41 


.- : 45 

The Missionary Visitor 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, Illinois. The third Wednesday in April, August 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Virginia. and December. 

L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Indiana. Address all communications to the 


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The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XI 

January, 1909 

Number 1 


Wilbur B. Stover 

The scepter shall not depart from Judah, 
Nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, 
Until Shiloh come: 

And unto him shall the gathering of the 
people be. 

Ask of me, and I will give thee the na- 
tions for thine inheritance, and the utter- 
most parts of the earth for thy possession. 

Sing unto the Lord all the earth; 
Show forth from day to day his salvation. 
Declare his glory among the heathen; 
His marvelous works among all the nations. 

For unto us a child is born, unto us a 
son is given; and the government shall be 
upon his shoulder: and his name shall be 
called Wonderful, Counsellor, Mighty God, 
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of 
the increase of his government and of 
peace there shall be no end. The zeal of 
the Lord of hosts will perform this. 

I will say to the north, Give up; and to 
the south, Keep not back; bring my sons 
from far, and my daughters from the end 
of the earth; every one that is called by 
my name, and whom I have created for 
my glory, whom I have formed, yea, whom 
I have made. 

All the earth shall worship thee, 
And shall sing unto thee; 
And shall sing to thy name. 

Behold the Lamb of God that taketh 
away the sin of the world. 

Follow me, and I will make you fishers 
of men. 

I, if I be lifted up, will draw all men unto 

And the Gospel must first be published 
among all the nations. 

Go ye into all the world, 

And preach the Gospel to every creature. 

He that believeth and is baptized shall be 

He that believeth not shall be condemned. 

And ye shall be my witnesses both in 
Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, 
and unto the uttermost part of the earth. 

For to you is the promise, and to your 
children, and to all that are afar off, even 
as many as the Lord our God shall call 
unto him. 

Of a truth I perceive that God is no re- 
specter of persons: but in every nation he 
that feareth him, and worketh righteous- 
ness, is acceptable of him. 

Your blood be upon your heads; I am 
clean: from henceforth I will go unto the 

Be of good cheer: for as thou hast testi- 
fied concerning me at Jerusalem, so must 
thou bear witness also at Rome. 

I am debtor both to Greeks and to Bar- 
barians, both to the wise and to the foolish. 

I am become all things to all men, that 
I may by all means save some. 

And the Spirit and the Bride say, Come. 
And he that heareth, let him say, Come. 
And he that is athirst, let him come: 
He that will, let him take of the water of 
life freely. 

f About twenty-five years 
ago two of us went east of 
Mount Morris to Pleasant 
Grove schoolhouse a Sunday 
morning to conduct a Sun- 
day school. We were return- 
ing with the consciousness of 
having done our work well. 
Passing through a pleasant 
bit of woodland, as the birds sang over- 
head and the grass was velvety under 
foot, and all round us the woods were 
filled with wild flowers, I became sudden- 
ly aware of an indescribable feeling of 
devotion. The air was that of a 
balmy, springtime ; the quiet of a beau- 
tiful Sunday morning. It seemed that 
I was caught in the embrace of nature 

The Missionary Visitor 


and my eyes were opened to love, 
peace, and communion. My eyes were 
opened and I saw. My ears were 
opened and I heard. I had found the 
soul of nature and my young heart 
throbbed in unison therewith. Nearly 
every one has had some such experi- 

When we take up the Bible, it can- 
not be said to be very much of a Mis- 
sionary Book, so far as the Old Testa- 
ment is concerned. Yet even the Old 
Testament has its indwelling mission- 
ary sentiment, without which the 
grandeur of the whole would be ma- 
terially diminished. What could be 
more fraught with divine meaning 
than the three wonderful words, " Un- 
til Shiloh come " ? followed by that 
poetic, prophetic, missionary verse, 

"And unto him shall the gathering of the 
people be." 

The beautiful Ninety-sixth Psalm 
reads as prose in the old version, as 
poetry in the revised version, and as a 
missionary psalm in either. The first 
part of the Ninth of Isaiah, and the 
whole of the Fifty-third read with a 
definite clearness that no Jew or Gen- 
tile, heathen or Christian can fail to 
understand. The Old Testament is 
not a Missionary Book, but it has the 
glory of furnishing the material from 
which the great Missionary Book of 
the whole world was formed. The 
Hebrew religion was not a missionary 
religion, but it surpassed all its own 
traditions when there grew within its 
fold the great missionary religion of 
the world. The Hebrew people were 
not a missionary people, but the ambi- 
tion of holy women was full when one 
of them became the mother of Him 
who was to be the Savior of the whole 

" And unto him shall the gathering of the 
people be." 

No wonder the Christian religion 
could not be contained within the bor- 
ders of the Hebrew fold. No wonder 
the Old Testament was not sufficient 
for the Christian Church. The Old 

Testament reveals to us God prepar- 
ing His people to be a missionary peo- 
ple, preparing them to receive the 
Savior Who would be once sent, a 
Savior for the whole wide world. 
After the Savior comes, " when Shiloh 
comes," they who would be His people 
must take up His cross and follow 
Him ; they must take His message and 
carry it forth to all the world. 

Turn to the New Testament. It is 
different. You may have gone over 
it again and again, but if you have not 
yet seen it so, some bright spring 
morning in your Christian experience 
you may become suddenly aware of 
the fact that you are in the embrace 
of a missionary Savior, your eyes will 
be open to see and your ears will be 
open to hear, and your spirit will throb 
with joy as it beats in hearty unison 
with the spirit of your missionary reli- 
gion, whose book is a Missionary 
Book. Take the missionary work and 
the missionary workers, the mission- 
ary lives and the missionary letters out 
of the New Testament, and there is 
nothing left. Take them all in their 
true light, in their missionary setting, 
and it is a living book, telling you over 
again what your experiences are. 

Take the four Gospels: The first 
act is that of John preaching the King- 
dom of Heaven is at hand, repent, pre- 
pare to meet Him Who is coming after 
me, Whose shoe latchet I am not 
worthy to unloose! And then comes 
Jesus, Whom John fittingly calls, 
" The Lamb of God, who taketh away 
the sin of the world." Follow Jesus 
as He goes from Jerusalem up the 
river towards Capernaum. Hear His 
preaching in Galilee. Come with Him 
back to Jerusalem. It is the one story 
all the way along, " Believe, and thou 
shalt be saved." " Follow me, and I 
will make you fishers of men." Sit be- 
fore Him as He breaks forth with the 
most wonderful sermon ever spoken 
among men, and you will hear Him 
say, " Ye are the salt of the earth," 
"Ye are the light of the world!" 


The Missionary Visitor 

After a little He is sending forth His 
twelve apostles, chosen ones .to bear 
the message of divine truth. A little 
later He is sending out seventy, two 
by two, to proclaim the message. If 
they may go hungry to bed, that is a 
small matter; their business is to pro- 
claim the kingdom. They take with 
them neither scrip nor wallet, neither 
two staves nor two coats. And the 
Lord w r orks with them. 

It was not the idea of the apostles 
that the Kingdom should be universal. 
They wanted to think of it as local. 
They would have it a Jewish church. 
But though they failed to understand, 
we cannot do so. ''And I, if I be lifted 
up, will draw all men unto me," is as 
clear to us now as it must have been 
obscure to them then. Why " lifted 
up"? Why "all men"? Because He 
is a Missionary Savior. Because He is 
the Savior of the world. When Jesus 
gave His great parting words to His 
people, " Go ye into all the world and 
preach the Gospel to every creature," 
I do not suppose they understood the 
import of th'at message any more than 
a missionary now on leaving his home 
and setting out for the first time to a 
far-off land to preach the message of 
the Gospel there, understands just 
what his problems will be, or appre- 
ciates the difficulty of the task before 
him. But we know. Jesus is the 
Savior of men, of ALL HUMANITY. 

Take the Acts next: It seems out 
of the question to suppose that chance 
should have placed this little mission- 
ary record in the middle, between the 
Gospels and the Epistles! The first 
chapters are one complete and re- 
markable missionary experience. The 
preaching of the Word, the resultant 
conversions, imprisonment and miracu- 
lous delivery, a great company of 
priests becoming obedient to the faith, 
the face of a dying martyr shining as 
the face of an angel ! Oh, it was won- 
derful, the missionary zeal of those 
early Christians! and the wretched vil- 

W. B. Stover and Wife Under the Largest 
Banyan in the World. 

lainy which persecuted them was won- 
derful, too ! 

And Peter : A bundle of missionary 
enthusiasm after he had received the 
Holy Spirit, often leader of the com- 
pany in preaching, in miracles, and in 
imprisonment. But Peter had diffi- 
culty to get it into his mind that the 
new religion, the gift of the Holy 
Spirit, and all the attendant blessings 
and fellowship could possibly be in- 
tended for others than for his own 
caste and his own kin. He persisted 
in thinking that the heathen world had 
no claim on him, that in due time God 
would convert the heathen if He 
wanted to, until God sent him a vision 
in broad daylight, at 12 o'clock, noon, 
and showed him most clearly that he 
was mistaken. Seeing his error he 
changed his mind, and became the first 
to open the doors of the Church to the 
outside world. What a storm of oppo- 
sition that raised among some of the 
members ; that we must preach to the 
heathen, that our Church is for them 

The Missionary Visitor 


too, that they are as good as we are if 
they have the chance! O Church of 
God, how often, and how long! Why 
do you sit in a shroud of darkness 
when you are heir to everlasting light? 

Then came Paul: The thirteenth 
chapter of the Acts is the record of the 
beginning of organized missionary ef- 
fort with its bas^e of operations way 
up in the north country where there 
was a missionary-spirited Church. Be- 
gin reading Acts at the thirteenth 
chapter. It is mission work always 
and only. Just try reading with that 
thought. "Sailed to Cyprus/' "the 
pro-consul," " Paphos, Perga, Anti- 
och," "the next sabbath," "filled with 
joy." It is most interesting if you 
keep the main thought of missions be- 
fore you. Otherwise it must be dry, 
sure enough. " Turn to the Gentiles," 
" Lystra and Derbe," " and when they 
were come, and had gathered the 
church together, they rehearsed all 
things that God had done with them, 
and that he had opened a door of faith 
unto the Gentiles." Paul in Jerusa- 
lem, Paul and Silas in prison, Paul at 
Athens, Paul at Corinth, Paul at Eph- 
esus, Paul before Felix, Paul before 
Agrippa, Paul in shipwreck, Paul at 
Rome ! How any one can read Acts 
and not catch the spirit of missions, 
I can not tell. 

The epistles of Paul reflect the same 
grand truth all the way along. They 
are not arguing missions, but they are. 
a living argument for missions, writ- 
ten by the active missionary who had 
been there, to the several churches to 
strengthen and encourage them, to re- 
prove and rebuke them, to make sure 
that they be not removed from the 
faith of the Lord Jesus to some other 
gospel preached by some other wit- 
ness. When Paul wrote his little epis- 
tle to Philemon it was with the same 
thought, the working out of the great 
missionary plan of the Gospel : " Here 
is a convert. He says he is a runaway 
slave of yours. Take him back as a 

brother beloved. He'll be all right 

The other epistles speak missions, 
too : James, " But if ye have respect 
to persons, ye commit sin " ; Peter, 
concerning the Lord's " not wishing 
that any should perish, but that all 
should come to repentance " ; and John 
characteristically, " My little children, 
Jesus is the propitiation for our sins ; 
and not for ours only, but also for the 
whole world." "And we bear witness 
that the Father hath sent the Son to 
be the Savior of the world." 

Hebrews is a book of types, the old 
foreshadowing the new, the High Priest 
made perfect through suffering, the 
Perfect Sacrifice for sin offered' once for 
all, the Great Shepherd, the Eternal 
Covenant, — to me these expressions have 
a world-wide and a long-time signifi- 

Revelation, the book of the seven 
churches, the seven seals, the seven 
angels and the seven plagues, gives us 
the great message, " Behold, I stand 
at the door and knock : if any man hear 
my voice and open the door, I will 
come in to him." In it vast multi- 
tudes and the elders and the beasts fall 
down before the throne of God to exalt 
the Lamb, New Jerusalem comes down 
from heaven, the " Word of God " ap- 
pears, Satan is bound, and a universal 
reign of righteousness is set up ! 

The content of the New Testament 
is missions, the work of missions, and 
the perfection of the desire of missions. 
In the Gospels it is Christ in the world 
reconciling men unto the Father. 
From Acts on it is the Spirit of Christ 
in the world reconciling men unto the 
Father. In Revelation the work is 
shown in its finished state. 

The Gospel is not a self-preaching 
Gospel. God depends upon His peo- 
ple to do the work He has committed 
unto them. Jesus is the Savior for the 
whole world; the Church must bear 
the message. How can the people hear 
unless there be preachers? How can 
a preacher go unless he be sent?' How 

The Great Mela at Sukhal Tirtha on the Nerbudda River. 

can a church be a Christian church un- 
less it be a missionary church? How 
can a man have the Spirit of Christ, 
unless he have the Spirit of Christ? 

I have often thought of the fact that 
many of the early reformers seem not 
to have grasped this central truth of 
the New Testament. The answer of 
it is perhaps in this, that they were 
surrounded with such intense darkness 
that their message grew to meet the 
imperative demands of the case. But 
men of the past ages are not so much 
to be wondered at as good men who, 
living in the light of the present, allow 
themselves to be shifted from the main 
issue of the Bible to some smaller 
teaching, to some " new theology," or 
to some " old theology," to some doc- 
trine of baptisms or question of heal- 
ing by faith alone or of speaking with 
new tongues, thus assuredly limiting 
their opportunities for service and pui- 
ting themselves outside the sphere 
wherein God could use them most. It 
is a pity. As we look upon the many 
spiritual wrecks strewn along on the 
shores of time, my brethren, let us take 
warning. It cannot be wise to consent 
to be side-tracked. 

I have often thought of the keenness 
of insight possessed by Mahomed. 
Though he saw Christianity only from 
a distance, and though he did not like- 
ly have in his possession a copy of the 
New Testament, yet he must have 
seen that Christianity is a missionary 
religion, and in adapting his new reli- 
gion appropriated this great principle, 
so that now there are two missionary 
religions in the world, Mahomedanism 
rivaling Christianity for supremacy in 
the greater part of the East. Would 
to God that the " People of the Book," 
as Mahomed calls them, had mani- 
fested the real spirit of the Christ in 
Mahomed's time! 

Reverently now let us take the New 
Testament into our hands and pray 
the " God of the Book " may grant that 
the " People of the Book " may ever have 
in great portion the " Spirit of the 
Book," that if our eyes have been dim 
they may be open to see; that if our 
ears have been dull they may be open 
to hear; that enthusiasm for local cults 
may never rival active interest in 
world-wide issues, that ever and al- 
ways the Spirit of our Christ may be 
the Spirit of His people. In the name 
of Jesus. Amen. 

The Missionary Visitor 



S. P. Berkebile 

" The harvest is plenteous and the laborers are few. 
Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest," etc. 

fWe have heard these 
words of Jesus over and 
over again until perhaps they 
do not attract our attention 
as they should ; but they are 
as true today as when ut- 
tered by the Lord of the 
harvest Himself. 
Who is it that can view a great west- 
ern harvest field and not be reminded 
of the above words? But few are the 
seasons when much of the great wheat 
harvest is wasted for the want of har- 
vesters, and when there is danger of it, 
what a cry is set up, and mayors and 
governors are appealed to for help. 

Then dear brother and sister, as you 
study this map which only includes the 
southern portion of the field occupied 
by us as a mission and recall that there 
are but two stations occupied by mis- 
sionaries, and at the present time, three 
native preachers and one Bible woman 
to teach all these who are bound up in 
superstition and idolatry, need you won- 
der that we beg you to appeal mightily 
to the Lord of the harvest that He 
thrust forth workers into the harvest 
that is being wasted? 

Think of It! 

Bahanu Teluca (or county), where 
Bro. Ebey's station is, at present occu- 
pied by Brother and Sister Brubaker, 
has a population of 129,815. Vada Te- 
luca, where we are located, has a popu- 
lation of 71,000. Bhiwindi Teluca, 
south of here, has a population of 
78,000, and no work being done in it. 
Sometimes we reach the northern part, 
but not to do effective work. 

Jawar State, which lies to the north 
of us and east of Bro. Ebey's, has a 
population of about 50,000 and is really 

a desirable field, and as yet only a few 
villages in the southern part that have 
had the Gospel preached to them. 

Then there is Mahim Teluca, having 
about 83,000 souls among whom are 
twenty or twenty-five thousand fisher 
people; no work being done. Eight 
months out of the year, Palghar in this 
teluca, is our most frequently used rail- 
road station. 

It will be remembered that all of the 
people live in towns and villages of dif- 
ferent sizes, so that there are in each of 
these telucas mentioned, from 200 to 250 
villages of different sizes. 

Now we have tried to picture before 
you the harvest field. Ready to be 
reaped shall we say? Yes and no. It 
needs a iot of fellows to take hold of the 
gospel plow and break up the fallow 
ground; plowmen who will take hold 
of the plow and not look back. It too 
needs sowers and waterers and reapers. 
The native man knows the soil better 
than we as missionaries do, and is there- 
fore a more effective plowman. Some- 
times we plow crosswise of the field 
when we ought to plow lengthwise. We 
can teach them the Word or the use of 
the gospel plow. But we must get them 
first to teach them. It took some of the 
early missionaries seven years to get the 
first one. 

Some one may think since we have al- 
most 1,000 members here why not en- 
list some of these in the Master's serv- 
ice? We are, but, "Are all evangelists, 
are all teachers ? " No, they are not at 
home, neither are they here. Thank 
God, we have some that are doing well 
and others that are promising and will 
soon be ready to enter the work. But 
look at home for a moment. After 200 
years, the dearth of workers viewed 


The Missionary Visitor 

from a standpoint of what is to be done, 
and then remember that the work has 
been going on for only a little more than 
a decade here in India. We have many 
reasons as a Church to rejoice and take 
courage because of what has been ac- 
complished, but it does not change the 
fact of the further great need. 

Let us notice several reasons why this 
is important, not only for us here but 
for the home church to know about it, 
too. One, we have noticed, e. g., they 
know the ground (the native mind). 
Second, it is economy, for the amount 
that it requires to support a foreign mis- 
sionary will keep five or six good ex- 
perienced native men and women in the 
work. The third reason is the purpose 
of the missionary — To set on foot a 
self-supporting, self-propagating church ; 
run by Indian talent and Indian Chris- 
tians' money. This is the ideal that the 
missionary has before him. 

To accomplish this we are doing all 
we can, day arid night. Let each reader 
ask himself, " What am I doing to ac- 
complish this work of the Master?" 

With much joy we read of the bap- 
tism of the Chinaman in Chicago. There 
are some of India's people in America, 
too, not as many as there are of China- 
men, of course, but if anyone knows of 
any seek to lead him to the Savior and 
perhaps ere many years we may have 

ready trained men and women coming 
back to India for the express purpose of 
leading their brothers and sisters to 
Christ. We hope and pray that this may 
be done for our China workers. 

The last and greatest is the home 
churches' part to 

Pray and Give. 

" Pray ye therefore the Lord of the 
harvest," etc. 

" How shall they preach except they 
be sent?" 

It takes money to do this, brethren, 
and it will not be done by spasmodic 
giving. Stick to it until the task is ac- 
complished. When is it finished? When 
Jesus comes, " Lo, I come quickly," and, 
" Behold I come quickly ; and my re- 
ward is with me to give to every man 
according as his work shall be." 

You would not send a missionary to 
any foreign field who has not sufficient 
faith in the promises of God to make 
him optimistic, for he, becoming dis- 
couraged, would give up before the bat- 
tle was won. 

Dear brethren, be prayers and givers 
of the same type that you want every 
Christian missionary to be and this 
great work, this glorious work, shall 
soon be accomplished. 

May God bless the Brotherhood in 
carrying out His will, is our prayer. 

Vada, India. 


E. H. Eby 

Not all investments bring 
equally good returns. Quick, 
easy profits are sought even 
at the risk of unsafe invest- 
ments and loss of self-re- 
spect. As early as the days 
of Solomon it was observed 
that investors of wealth fell 
into two general classes: one class con- 
tinually getting poorer, because of their 
exceeding care in giving and their close 

figuring on every loan; the other class 
ever growing more wealthy in noble and 
worthy experience, because of their lib- 
erality and open-heartedness. Cold, 
hard cash can be invested only in the 
cold, hard business of the material 
world, and its returns are always of its 
own kind. Banks and brokers take no 
account of the effort and sacrifice made 
by the poor man or woman seeking a 
safe place of deposit or a paying invest- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ment. They count only the dollars re- 
ceived and returned. 

The National Bank of the Kingdom 
of Heaven inspects every dollar re- 
ceived, and dividends are declared ac- 
cording to the number of sweatdrops 
found on each one, while the footings in 
the depositor's receipt book show inter- 
est computed at the rate of the number 
of teardrops and prayers accompanying 
the cash deposit. In this bank life is the 
medium of exchange, and the only in- 
vestment which brings lasting returns; 
while the interest and dividends are al- 
ways given in terms of life. All at- 
tempts to calculate profits on invest- 
ments by counting the cost of conver- 
sions in dollars, or by counting the 
bricks in the walls of the church, the 
school or college, the orphanage, the 
hospital, fail utterly to reckon with the 
vital expenditures and results. Only 
numbers and not character can be tabu- 

The Mission Board can know but lit- 
tle of the history of the money it trans- 
mits to the field, but the records in the 
Bank of Heaven show the amount of life 
given along with every donation. And 
the prayers which are breathed out from 
the soul are the drafts which release the 
power of Heaven for the strengthening 
of the laborers on the field. 

Some people, whose chief associates 
are their cattle and bank book, will, 
when they must leave them all behind, 
learn to their eternal sorrow the depths 
of meaning in Jesus' words, " Except a 
grain of wheat fall into the ground and 
die, it abideth alone!' And how lonely 
they will be without their check books 
and ledgers. . Their investments brot 
them no returns in friendships, in holy 
character, in love, in fellowship with 
God. Alone, ALONE, thru eternity — 
alone — earthly investments brot no re- 
turns in Heaven. " It abideth alone." 
There was nothing Jesus dreaded so 
much as even the contemplation of the 
awful loneliness of a selfish life. The 
very thot nerved Him to refuse every 
tempting offer to avoid the cross. He 

recognized the universal law of increase 
of life by death, and He yielded Himself 
to it. " But if it die it beareth much 
fruit. He that loveth his life loseth it." 
Every Christian — layman, minister, mis- 
sionary and native preacher in mission 
lands — must, if they would follow Jesus, 
accept the principle and out of fearful 
dread of the terrible loneliness of eter- 
nal separation from God and friends and 
all that is good, seek an abundant in- 
crease of life in other souls by the giv- 
ing up of their own life. " Except it 
die it abideth alone, but if it die it bear- 
eth much fruit." Recall the great apos- 
tle to the American Indians pouring out 
his soul in the forests of New England 
for those wild tribes. And his life came 
back rich in the fruition of souls won 
to God. The life of Livingstone, so 
freely given, is now pulsing in the veins 
of hundreds of missionaries in Africa, 
while the warmth of his great heart is 
not yet forgotten by the native people. 
Henry Martyn burned a path of holy de- 
votion across India and Persia. He 
burned out for God, and of the increase 
of the influence of that life in the lives 
of others there shall be no end. 

Before our departure from the home 
land a mother, hard-working and de- 
voted to her family but driven almost to 
distraction by the cruelty of a godless 
and drunken husband, dropped into our 
hands a five-dollar bill — the fruit of days 
of toil. It was accompanied with hot 
tears of joy for the privilege of doing 
this for her Lord Whom she loved. And 
as we held this sacred gift in our hand 
our tears were mingled with hers for 
very gratitude that the Master knows 
His own and reckons the life hidden in 
every gift of love. Only the records up 
yonder can tell of the increase of such 
an investment of life. 

Hidden away back out of sight of the 
world among the rugged peaks of the 
Rockies is a lonely child of God, a 
precious jewel being cut and polished 
for a place in her Master's crown, who 
is pouring her life out to God in inter- 
cession for the work and workers in In- 


The Missionary Visitor 

dia. A covenant intercessor — as really a 
part of the working force on the mission 
field as any one actually engaged in the 
active conflict on the battle line. " Ex- 

cept a grain of wheat fall into the 
ground and die it abideth alone, but if 
it die — it beareth much fruit. 
Jhagadia, India. 


Ella M. Brubaker 

HE missionary's interest in 
the home church is much 
like the child's interest in 
his parents. As the dutiful 
child writes regular letters 
to his parents, so the mis- 
sionary ought to write to 
the home church. Because 
of his relation to the home 
church and between the 
church and the work he ought to do so. 
The missionary who does not write 
often knows not what he is losing. A 
certain mission-field in China was ex- 
ceptionally fruitful. Many wondered at 
its growth. The field seemed no differ- 
ent from others and the workers no 
more spiritual. The secret, when dis- 
covered, was this:- the missionary in 
charge had a friend, a schoolmate, at 
home, to whom he wrote regularly, giv- 
ing him particular cases for prayer. 
That friend daily laid these cases before 
the Lord, and the Lord answered his 

Oh, how glad we are when we re- 
ceive letters from a dear one in the 
homeland, telling us, " I am praying for 
you and your work daily. What are 
your needs ? " We know we have been 
much blessed since coming to India be- 
cause of our intercessory missionaries. 
But now that we have had a taste of 
these blessings we want more. We 
want showers of blessings. Will not 
more of you, as individuals and as 
churches, write for specific cases for 
prayer, so you can ask definite things of 
the Lord? We know there is power in 

united prayer, and we know the Lord is 
waiting to bless when we all get ready 
to ask Him in earnest. 

The same interest which causes the 
missionary to write to the home church 
also causes him to long for letters from 
the home church. Not long since I 
heard a good sister say she wished she 
might receive answers occasionally to 
the letters she regularly writes to the 
church supporting her. You see we are 
personally interested in the salvation of 
our old friends, neighbors and relatives, 
as well as of those whom we are work- 
ing among here. So any church work 
that is done is interesting as well as 
helpful and encouraging to us. 

As the dutiful child prays daily for his 
loved parents, so does the missionary 
for the home church. We know the 
work here depends on you. Without 
your men, women, money and prayers 
the work could not go on. So we pray 
earnestly for the welfare of the church. 
For a while we heard much about divi- 
sion. And in this age, when the uniting 
of churches is so prominent, and just 
when we as a mission church feel so 
much the need of unity in our work, the 
idea was appalling to us. You have 
heard of our cries to the Lord to save 
us from division and we praise His 
name for doing so. 

At another time, when a number of 
us were praying for deeper spiritual life 
and a greater realization of the cross of 
Christ, He gave us, first what we asked 
for and then suddenly a great burden 
for the church. This did not come 


The Missionary Visitor 


through the mind or by reasoning but 
by the Spirit. It was God-given. Then 
we understood as never before what it 
means when the Spirit prays for us with 
groans that can not be uttered. There 
was great agony because of the lack of 
spirituality and consecration; because of 
pride, boastfulness and lip-service, lack 
of faith and trust. I would not write 

this but that Jesus died for us, and 
would that we might all grieve Him less 
and glorify Him more. 

May our interest in each other grow 
and our prayers for each other increase 
until that perfect day when the Lord 
shall say, " It is enough, the hour is 

Dahanu, India, Oct. 13, 1908. 


t^i,' . 


Nora E. Berkebile 

It was missionary day in the old home 

Hidden in by maple trees; 
And the common folk of the countryside 
Had gathered there from far and wide, 
To hear the preacher talk that day 
Of peoples and countries far away 

Beyond the great deep seas. 

The stranger came and he preached to 
Of things so near his heart; 
To grandparents old with silvered hair, 
To groups of children and maidens fair, 
To mothers and fathers and youths so 

Who are ever ready to do the right 
And keep from sin apart. 

He talked of giving, — of giving our best, 

Of giving with our might; 
Be that gift your copper or silver or gold, 

For winning sheep to the Master's fold 
In country, town or heathen lands, 
Wheresoever the Lord demands 
That we battle for the right. 

The people listened with mind intent 

On what the preacher said; 
"The copper," he told them, "is the mon- 
ey you give 
That those who go may work and live; 
And this is easy to give for Him 
For winning souls from the paths of sin 

Where many are lying dead." 

And then he said, as they listened long, 

For what the next would be: 
" Your silver you give is the service you 

As your lives and .all for Him you spend, 
To tell the story so sweet and old 
To those so far from the Master's fold, 

That everywhere you see." 


The Missionary Visitor 


And again he said, as he talked the more 

About the things we give: 
" The gold — your gold is your children 

given — 
Your dear little ones from your sore hearts 

riven — 
They are the ones the Lord demands, 
As your gold to send to heathen lands, 
That those poor souls may live. 

" The poor may give with the rich," he said, 

"They all may give their best; 
A penniless man has gold to spend, 
As he his son or daughter will send, 
And also may give his talents and time 
For bringing souls to that state sublime 
Where they may be at rest." 

One father listened and thus he thought 

Of what he had to give: 
" I have given copper and of silver, too, 
And spent my time as best I knew; 
But the little ones from my humble fold — 
Surely, Lord, they are not my gold 

That Thou wouldst bid me give." 

The Lord said, " Yes, to a foreign land 

Your little ones must go." 
" Oh, no, dear Lord, not my gold to take 
To give all that my heart 'twill break; 
My silver and copper I gladly send, 

But my daughter dear I cannot lend — 
Oh, please, dear Lord, say ' No/ " 

" Oh, yes," said the Lord, " I must have 
your gold, 

Its service I must not miss." 
So the daughter went to a foreign shore, 
And her face was seen in the home no more. 
She gave to her Master her silver all, 
But the father's gift at the Savior's call 

Was more, far more, than this. 

How often he thinks of the words he heard, 

And oft he is wont to say, 
" Though my daughter is far my Lord is 

He has blessed me much for what cost me 

And when He calls it I more will spend, 
For yet I have other gold to send — 
He gives, He can take away." 

As on the altar, my friends, this day 

You every one your offering lay, 
You may, perchance, be giving your wealth, 
Your service grand, your talents and health, 
But none who gives knows the heart's deep 

Like mother and father who, for His sake, 
Give their son or daughter away. 
Vada, Thana District, India. 


I. S. Long 

Of these interesting people 
only a few main character- 
istics and customs can be 
noted in this brief sketch. 

Fisher folk of course live 
by the sea and those with 
whom we have come in 
touch live on the west side 
of India, on the shore of the Arabian 

Their trade would seem to be a 
healthy one, and were it not for their 
dreadful drink habit and consequently 
their oft lack of food and desire for 
food, they would evidently be a strong 
class. Even as conditions are they are 
easily among the strongest children of 
the soil. 

As to industry and hard work I have 
seen no others who equal them. They 
are real laborers; when they cannot fish, 
it not being fishing season, they are 

either making new homemade nets, re- 
pairing their fishing smacks, or trans- 
porting cargoes hither and thither. 

Comparatively speaking they make 
lots of money; and while they live in 
small houses or huts they might, if they 
did not drink up their money, live in 
real decency, calling forth the envy of 
their higher caste neighbors. 

When visitors call they at once set be- 
fore them tobacco and cigarette leaves 
and all begin smoking together. Men 
and women smoke. If visitors are to 
tarry for a day or so liquor is ordered; 
if they are leaving after a short visit the 
host bids them adieu by going with them 
to the liquor shop and treating them. It 
would be open dishonor to do otherwise. 

As a people they belong to the back- 
ward classes. Before our mission 
opened several schools among them it 
was a rare thing to find even one who 

I. S. Long's Tent, Horse and Tonga. Two Catechists in Tonga. 

could read. Now the parents shake 
their heads in wonder at the wisdom of 
some of their boys; at least a few are 
really grateful for what we are trying 
to do among them. 

The fishers are very superstitious; no 
class in India more so, perhaps. The 
boys wear ragged clothes to school, if 
any at all, and girls rarely, if ever, 
learn; for (in either case) some woman 
becoming a witch or demon-possessed 
would cause the well-dressed boy and 
the smart girl to fall sick and die. 

In case of any sort of sickness, or 
misfortune, or if for once even fish do 
not properly run into the nets somebody 
is demon-possessed and a dhooner is 
called. Before coming, the dhooner 
finds out all about matters. Then while 
dhooning he surprises the crowd by 
what he knows, what the demon shows 
him about the case in hand. If the 
demon comes out of the possessed one 
and enters into the dhooner he becomes 
frantic in action, raving like a mad man 
and shaking his whole body and head 
till one wonders that he doesn't fall 
senseless or dead. If this doesn't hap- 
pen, as I saw on one occasion, the 
dhooner is tame, and says " He, the evil 
spirit, will not come," and so the afflicted 
people are continually harassed by the 
tormenting spirit. 

The length of time required for 
dhooning — that is, for casting out the 

demon — depends on the wealth of the 
family; for the more wealthy, the more 
liquor that is set before the dhooner. 
The dhooner usually gets eight cents per 
night for his hard work. But regard- 
less of money, it requires a short time 
for poor people, while the rich, who 
furnish lots of liquor, have the dhooner 
the greater part of the night. The men 
and the dhooners themselves know ( ?) 
this is a vain custom, they say, but the 
women will have it. 

Over there is a home in which a child 
is old enough to be married. The par- 
ents tell some person they would like 
their child married into such and such a 
family. The second family hears of 
this, and they meet and drink liquor 
over the subject. Later great quantities 
of liquor is drunk and the children are 
betrothed by an unbreakable tie. The 
Brahman is asked to appoint an auspi- 
cious day for the wedding. This he 
does by looking into the almanac to see 
the signs. Five days prior to the wed- 
ding the entire bodies of the young 
couple are smeared with yellow powder, 
which is allowed to remain ; and the day 
before the wedding the boy's parents 
adorn the bride-to-be with all the jew- 
elry they can afford. The Brahman 
minister who performs the ceremony is 
well paid among the fishers. On the 
wedding occasion liquor is drunk like 
water and all dance for joy. Unlike the 


The Missionary Visitor 


usual Hindu custom, the girl goes at 
once to live with her husband's parents. 
Children of the rich marry at eight or 
ten years of age, while the poor who 
take whom they can get have to wait 

The fishers are very religious in a 
way, many of them making (hiring) 
gurus, or religious instructors. The 
guru comes into town and states his 
terms about as follows: (About) forty 
cents, a cocoanut, a loin cloth or sheet, 
five pounds respectively of rice and 
wheat, butter and sugar, etc. Whoever 
places at his feet the above or the 
equivalent may become his disciple. 
The 'guru sprinkles water on the gifts, 
to sanctify them ; then asks something 
like this: Will you hear and obey me 
only, never joining another religion or 
following another guru? After an af- 
firmative answer the guru binds a string 
of beads costing a half cent around the 
neck of the disciple, giving to him a 
little food called " prasad." Those who 
become disciples then sing joyously, 
after which each in turn washes the 
guru's feet, and with little spoons drink 
the water left in the basin. The dis- 
ciples prostrate on the ground kiss the 
guru's feet. The guru in turn sprinkles 
water on their heads in token of his 
blessing, and dismisses them. The wives 

in token of their love for their husbands 
and of their resolutions to be faithful 
to them then kiss their husbands' big 
toes. In this way the whole family has 
a guru. 

The guru is carried from one village 
to another, on a bed or chair ; and once 
in a village he sits in one home and the 
people come to him, humbly salaaming 
and kissing his foot. I have known a 
guru to collect in two weeks' time as 
much as $80 from the credulous fishers. 

The fisher folk are idolators of a 
very simple sort. After rising and 
bathing they join hands, facing the sun 
and say, " Ram, Ram," — " Protect us 
and make us happy and successful," or 
something like that. Some think the 
sun is a god, while others believe God 
is sitting upright between them and the 
sun. Before the fishing season or the 
time for going out on ships for hauling 
cargo they kill a goat and sprinkle the 
blood on the water to appease the sea. 
The men, only, get the meat to eat, of 
such goats, the women being " out of 
it." Likewise the demon possessing 
some person often tells the dhooner he 
wants a goat offered to Mata or Hana- 
man. The usual offerings to the gods 
are cocoanuts, oil, and flowers in gar- 

Our fishers sav, " We are fishers bv 

The House Ojal in Which We Lived at Different Times When I. S. Long 

and Wife Toured. 

The Afternoon Was Spent in Dividing the Fish. Average Length, Two Feet. 

trade only, not by caste." Hence it fol- 
lows that fisher devotees sometimes do 
not catch fish, for they believe along 
with their gurus that it is sin to take 
life and eat meat. I know one devotee 
who for two years cooked his own food, 
not allowing even his wife to do it for 
him, for she was not holy like himself. 

Since, however, he has been converted 
to his wife's cooking. 

The fishers go fifteen or twenty or 
even thirty miles away to fish, and re- 
turn next night. Each village has its 
boundaries well defined in the " greal 
waters " and they dare not enter an- 
other's " field." I went along one trip 

Good Types of Fishermen. 


The Missionary Visitor 


| to see them haul in the fish, but became 
so seasick that I saw none of it. But 
even in the nearby waters with seine- 
like nets they catch fish in piles. Nor 
are they afraid of drowning, for they 
swim like ducks. 

Just before death the sick person is 
taken off the bed and laid on the floor, it 
being dishonorable to die on a bed. As 
soon as death takes place the body is 
washed and wrapped in new cloth and 
carried out to the burning or burial 
ground. Burning is general. Only 
pregnant women and the rare devotee 
among the fisher folk are buried. All 
ornaments are removed at the burning 
ground. When a pregnant woman dies 
a chula (stove- arrangement), cooking 
vessels, a bed, cradle for children, a 
piece of earth from the house, etc., are 
olaced within or near the grave. This 
s done with the hope of preventing the 
woman's spirit from turning into a tor- 
nenting witch. The women never go 
:o the burying ground or place of burn- 
ng. The men with clanging cymbals 
: ollow the pall bearers who go crying, 
■ Rama, Rama." The husband or 
)rother takes the bones and ashes left 

after burning and, diving, buries them 
under the mud in the bottom of the 
river. After this the men assemble and 
drink liquor together, while the women, 
each bringing her own food, meet and 
feast together. 

Such are the fisher for whom we have 
labored so much. As yet none have 
given their hearts to Jesus. Still we 
shall hope on and labor on, knowing 
that our labors shall not be in vain in 
the Lord. If won to Jesus they would 
become an independent community, able 
to finance their own church affairs. One 
of the things we often tell them is that 
they have forsaken the religion of their 
fathers, for the very first disciples of 
Jesus, the great Guru, were fishers. 

These, these we long to see saved, 
saved from drink, from the money 
lender, from the heathen guru, and from 
all sin. Like the fishers of old who fol- 
lowed Jesus only to become real " fish- 
ers of men " we earnestly long that 
these, too, may become His dutiful chil- 
dren and like them, too, write their 
names not in the sand but imperishably 
in the Lamb's Book of Life. 




NDIAN Christian 
communities can 
b e divided into 
two classes. The 
one class is made 
up of those who 
have had the 
teaching and in- 
fluence of a Chris- 
tian home and 
school, and the 
ther class of those who have been 
eared in ignorance and idolatry and 
ave lately come into Christianity. The 


latter class has the greater number of 
people, and they are the ones with whom 
we have most dealings. 

When a man becomes a Christian he 
puts aside his old associates and caste 
fellows and mingles with those of other 
castes who have become Christians; but 
the old habits, superstitions and customs 
cling to him so closely that it means a 
hard struggle for him to free himself. 
Probably it would be easier for him if 
he did not see those of his old caste fel- 
lows, and they were not continually 
nagging at him to give up Christianity, 

1 ! 


ission^iy Visi 

The Missionary Visitor 


but they are his neighbors, his friends 
and his relatives, and among them he 
must live. If he should go somewhere 
else it might be easier for him, but that 
is not always the wisest thing to do, for 
there he is likely to meet the same temp- 
tation. He usually keeps his old trade, 
but often changes because it is better 
for him to do so. It sometimes happens 
that his neighbor will not patronize him, 
so he is compelled to change, that he 
may make a living for his family. 

A farmer is more independent and can 
remain one if he so wishes and make a 
good living, but it is better for the 
Christian farmer if he has some Chris- 
tian neighbors, for it is not always the 
easiest for a Christian and his neighbor 
to work together. When a man hires 
laborers he gives them part pay in liquor 
and tobacco. The Christian cannot do 
this, so must pay more money. The 
neighbor does not know anything about 
Sunday, but works every day. It is hard 
for the Christian to see that he does not 
lose by giving one day out of seven to 
the Lord, but some have proved that 
it pays to do so. 

When a Christian visits at his neigh- 
bors' or heathen relatives he cannot par- 
take of the drink and tobacco offered. 

At the wedding, funeral and holiday 
times he cannot take part in the cere- 
monies, for he does not do as they do. 
The Christian religion does not have as 
many great feast days, fair days, and so 
on as the Hindoo religion does, and 
when all the neighbors go to these 
places and have what they call a good 
time, the temptation is doubly hard for 
the man who has changed his religion. 

Children of heathens are married while 
they are yet children, but the Chris- 
tians' children are allowed to become 
grown before marrying. The children 
of Christians and their parents are con- 
tinually reminded of these things, for 
the weddings and the engagements are 
talked of at visiting time, at working 
time, and at the well when drawing 

Take any man of these neighbors, as 
we call them, and you will find that he is 
in debt. They all are in debt. They 
can and do spend a lot of money, and if 
they do not have it they borrow it, thus 
making debts for their sons and their 
sons' sons to pay. We teach the Chris- 
tians not to make debts, but it is hard 
for him not to. All of these things that 
I have mentioned mean a hard battle 
for the Christian until he has overcome 

Christian Family at Dinner. 


The Missionary Visitor 


them, and some do not overcome but 
give in. 

When you can realize, my dear read- 
er, what it means to a man of this coun- 
try to come into a religion that seem- 
ingly is contrary to anything he has ever 
seen or has been taught, then do you 
wonder that sometimes he falls in the 
battle? He sees his neighbors spend 
money, have feasts, marry their chil- 
dren, have a lot of associates and then 
the great temptation comes. He cannot 
but feel that he has lost a great deal 
and he must decide to what he wants to 
cling, and there is where some go back, 
while others fight the battle through 
and win. 

You ask how the surroundings of a 

Christian might be bettered so that he 
might have an opportunity of becoming 
strong without associating with his old 
neighbors altogether. There is only one- 
way, as we see it, and that is, have him 
live where he has Christian neighbors, 
and that means a Christian community. 
When God wanted to prepare unto Him- 
self a people He called them out of their 
own land into another. I honestly be- 
lieve that we cannot have a strong 
Christian church among the most of 
these people until they are taken out of 
their old surroundings and given en- 
vironments that will help them to grow 
into strong men and women for the 

U mall a, India, Oct. 22, 1908. 


J. M. Blough 

^^^^ Eleven years ago the Bul- 

M sar Orphanage was opened 

V ^L with a few children. Eight 
■ years ago was the great 
9 W^ famine and many more chil- 
^^^ dren came into the care of 
^ our missionaries. The breth- 
ren and sisters in America 
were touched with the appeals for help 
for the poor starving people of India, and 
especially for the helpless children, and 
so contributed freely for this purpose, 
and were glad that our missionaries are 
in India ready and anxious to distribute 
the funds carefully and prudently. Per- 
haps no one then stopped to think just 
what we were getting into or what 
would be the proper course to pursue 
later on. Well, your missionaries have 
done and are doing for the orphan chil- 
dren just what other missions are doing 
all over India and what seems the only 
Christian thing to do, and that is, to care 
for the children till they^can care for 
themselves and in the meantime to edu- 

cate them and Christianize them that 
they may be a glory to their Heavenly 
Father Whom they have just learned to 

Following out the above purpose has 
incurred a greater expense than perhaps 
we had hoped for, and yet even now we 
as missions do not feel justified in with- 
drawing our support as The Christian 
Herald has done. Missions are here for 
permanent work and they recognize in 
the orphanage work a grand opportunity 
for promoting God's kingdom. May 
Providence not have directed that it 
should be so? Yes, orphanage work is 
expensive, but it surely pays. Many 
earnest Christian workers in India today 
were educated in orphanages. Children 
can be trained, you know, where the 
same efforts on older people fail. After 
the famine we might have refused to 
support the children and returned them 
to their heathen communities, but it 
would have been unwise in most cases 
and often very cruel, and as a mission 


The Missionary Visitor 


Making the Gujerati Sunday-school Quarterly. 
J. M. Bloug-h, Editor. 

we would have practically nothing to 
show for the help given during the 

We still have 190 children to support 
and every month spend about $330, cov- 
ering all expenses. This is more per 
capita than it used to be for three rea- 
sons : (1) Better and higher education; 
(2) higher prices for foodstuffs; (3) 
fewer children, and especially fewer 
small children. Of the total expense 
about 20 per cent is for education. Two 
days ago our youngest boy was pro- 
moted to the first standard, i. e., out of 
the primer; and only two girls are left 
who are too young to go to school. 
From this you can plan a little as to how 
long we may need to keep this work go- 
ing yet. Of course the number will be 
smaller right along. The other day I 
asked a missionary of another mission 
about orphanage work, and the reply 
was that we expect to have an orphan- 
age always, and I feel that we may need 
it, too. You are finding it advantageous 
to have orphanages in America; how 
much more here, famine or no famine? 
But more of this some other time. 

With us the school examinations come 
in October or November. For this year 
they are past already except in the high 
school. Last week we had the govern- 
ment inspector with us four days and he 
was well pleased with both schools, i. e., 
boys' and girls'. We had on the whole 
a good teaching force — ten teachers in 
all. About 55 per cent passed in all 

branches and about 25 per cent more 
well enough to be promoted. Now 
there is vacation for a short time. In 
our two schools we teach up to the sixth 
standard. For the seventh we send the 
boys to the town school to a better quali- 
fied teacher. This year four had gone 
and all passed in the vernacular final 
examination, which is given in Surat by 
the deputy educational inspector. Now 
they are considered qualified to teach 
but not " trained." Three of our other 
boys studied ahead on their own time 
and also went to Surat, but failed; will 
go again next year. I send a picture of 
the seven together. 

In this country we have no normal 
schools for the training of teachers as 
you have, but there are two colleges in 
Ahmedabad for this purpose, one for 
men and one for women, and both are in 
Gujerati. Our present headmaster, a 
Hindu, was trained there, and our head- 
mistress, a Christian, was trained at a 
similar college at Rajkot. As yet none 
of our own children have been in any 
of these colleges, and so none have any 
training as teachers, simply learning as 
pupils. These colleges are entered by 
passing an examination. This will be 
Nov. 2. To this examination we hope 
to send three boys and seven girls. How 
many will pass and be admitted remains 
to be seen. Girls are admitted at a lower 
standard than boys, so that is why we 
can send more girls. We are very 
anxious to have some trained teachers 
of our own. 

Four of our boys are in the high 
school. This is in English and is ex- 
pensive when compared with vernacular 
education. And the English they learn 
is not such as we desire, so we do not 
send many. The course is long and 
hard and it takes a good student to keep 
up creditably. In our stage of the work 
we have not very much need for En- 
glish, but will have later on. English 
is being spoken by a larger percentage 
of the Indian population every year, and 
the Christian community with its in- 


The Missionary Visitor 


creased advantages should not fall be- 

Our aim is to give those children who 
can learn and want to learn a chance to 
a fair education which will enable them 
to defend the Christian religion and be 
useful as workers in evangelizing India, 
as well as giving them the advantages 
of a respectable living and an apprecia- 
tion of the best in life. Many drop out 
along the way and turn to manual labor, 
and for these we are glad, too, for the 
Christian community needs such al- 
ways. The few can go farther up and 
should have the chance. Already nearly 
twenty are engaged as workers, and we 
hope to have a few ready each year to 

enter the work of the Lord fully. Hence 
we cannot stop now, but must keep on 
in our good work until the last ones are 
grown up and educated and prepared 
for service. Brethren and sisters, I 
trust no one is getting impatient with 
this orphanage work because it lasts so 
long, but I beseech you to stand by it 
and support it, resting assured that it 
is a most fruitful and encouraging phase 
of mission work. It is an arduous work 
for us, but we look to the fruit and take 
courage and pray that you will not for- 
sake us but hold us up in prayer and 
sustain the Mission Board in supporting 
your India orphanage. Amen. 


Mary Quinter 

" There was an old woman who lived in a 

She had so many children she did not 

know what to do, 
So she gave them their broth without any 

And spanked them all soundly and sent 

them to bed." 

URELY one would won- 
der what she would do if 
she suddenly found her- 
self the mother of eighty- 
seven girls. Coming from 
Bombay after watching 
the good ship Lombardia 
carry away our Missy 
Mama, that is where I 
found myself. What did 
II do? Listen, and I will tell you some 
I of the year's story. I can not tell it all, 
I nor would you want to hear it all. Yes, 
I have spanked them, and I have on oc- 
casion sent them supperless to bed, and 
I many times have there been when I did 
not know what to do, so the old legend 
is true in my case, too. 

Those who have heard Sister Eliza 
Miller tell of her life and work here in 
the orphanage know much more than I 

can tell you, I am sure, of what it means 
to live and work with these boys and 
girls. But there are some who may not 
have heard and those who know need 
not listen. 

One of the most interesting occasions 
on the girls' side is the time of a girl's 
engagement, and as our girls are grow- 
ing up weddings and engagements are 
not uncommon happenings. Soon after 
I became Missy Mama to the girls, one 
of the older boys came to me and asked 
me to choose a wife for him. " But, 
mama," he said, " I do not want a girl 
who has broken an engagement with an- 
other boy." He also stipulated that he 
wanted to see the girl before the en- 
gagement was finally made. One of the 
girls was called, and according to their 
usual fashion she absolutely refused to 
say a word to him. But when he saw 


The Missionary Visitor 


her he was satisfied, and he said, v If 
she will say ' Yes ' it will be very good." 
But she would not say " Yes," and in- 
sisted on saying " No," very decidedly. 
Later, another girl said " Yes," and then 
he was happy, and like the fairy stories 
of our childhood days, they have been 
very happy ever since. Sometimes a 
girl takes a notion she would like to 
have her engagement broken. Usually 
she has heard in one way or another that 
the boy has said something about her 
and she is provoked, so she comes and 
asks, or oftener she writes a letter and 
begs to have her engagement broken, 
to have her name canceled in the big 
black book where the record di all such 
important events is kept. We do not 
often listen to such requests, and you 
may think we are hard-hearted, but we 
know from experience that she will soon 
forgive him and be just as anxious to 
have her name rewritten as she now is 
to have it canceled. This has happened 
several times during the year, and in 
every case but one, it has been but a 
few weeks after the first request till the 
most pleading letters came asking to 
have the engagement stand. The girls 
know, as has been said, that the boys do 
not want girls whose engagements have 
been broken and we know that the girls 
are not as much in earnest as they seem 
to be when they ask to have them broken. 
Recently one of the girls pretended to 
be very angry when we would not can- 
cel her engagement, and promptly pro- 
ceeded to run away. She was. brought 
back and when the boy to whom she is 
engaged asked to talk to her and she 
was called in, she was glad to renew 
her promise, and now there is not a hap- 
pier girl on the compound than she is. 

The boy who attends to the flowers in 
the compound and who has been very 
faithful — perhaps for a purpose — re- 
cently decided that he was tired of cook- 
ing kichurdy and making bread, and that 
it would be a great deal pleasanter to 
have a wife to do it for him. So he 
came to the sahib and asked for a wife. 
When asked to choose a girl, he said, 

"I do not know the girls, I want you 
to choose one for me." The sahib was 
busy and two or three days passed and 
no girl was chosen for Ukerdio. But he 
had had his eyes and ears open in the 
meantime, as you will see. He came in 
one afternoon and told the sahib this 
story : "I was out in the compound 
watering the plants this morning and 
one of the girls came up to the well. 
One of the girls over by the cook house 
called out to another girl, and the girl 
on the well answered her and so I knew 
her name. I was not far away and I 
turned around and looked at her. Then 
I came in and asked one of the boys 
about that girl. Now she is the girl I 
want. Please ask her whether she will 
say ' Yes ' to me." She was one of two 
or three whom we had thought of sug- 
gesting to him. She has since said 
" Yes " very gladly and so he is happy. 
It is always much better when they 
choose for themselves. 

The windows in the girls' sleeping 
rooms have iron bars in them but no 
shutters, and many times at bedtime the 
girls have begged me to intercede with 
the sahib so that they may have shutters 
put on to shut the windows tight. Why 
do you suppose they are afraid? We 
are not near enough the jungle to be 
afraid of tigers or any other dangerous 
animals, besides the bar would keep out 
all such things. But they are afraid of 
evil spirits. One of the girls said, "An 
evil spirit will come and carry me of! 
and when Miss Eliza comes back, she 
will say, ' Where is my Sunder?' and 
then what will you say ? " Another one 
said, " I am not going to sleep with my 
head next the window any more, for I 
am afraid the evil spirit will catch me." 
When I told them that if they would 
show me one of the evil spirits they fear 
so much, I would give them money, they 
said, " But, mama, you are white, and 
as soon as the evil spirit sees you it will 
run away. It is not afraid of us because 
we are black." 

When they play among themselves 
they often imitate the sahibs and it is 

Seventeen Women and Nine Men Cutting Grass with Sickles in the Mission Com- 
pound Behind Bungalow at Bulsar, Oct. 8, 1908, at 6 and 6% Cents Per Day. 

interesting to be an unsuspected listener 
to the conversation at such times. We 
get a glimpse of ourselves as others see 
us. They never tire of hearing of 
America which to them is a most won- 
derful land, and in their play they repro- 
duce these stories with their own varia- 
tions. But do you know, friends, the 
thing we are sorriest to have them 
know? One of them said to me the 
other day, " I used to think that every- 
body in America was good, and that if 
we could live there it would be easy to 
be good. But Miss Eliza told me that 
I was very much mistaken, and that 
there are many people in America who 
are not good." 

Our boys' and girls' orphanages are 
nearer to each other than we wish they 
were considering the customs of the 
country, and on this account more care 
and more watching are made necessary. 
The girls like to stand on the end of 
my veranda and look across and also 
talk across to the boys, who also like to 
stand on the steps at the end of their 
building for the same purpose. They 
do this when I go to the bungalow and 
they think Missy Mama will not know. 
There is a hedge back of the girls' build- 
ing and beyond it a grove of babul trees 
which is very tempting to the girls and 
boys — too tempting for some of them. 
Maybe some of you who have been or 
are students in some of the normal 
schools or colleges know something 
about such things, too. There is a sad- 
der ending to the story here oftentimes 
than there is there, when such pranks 

end only in the happy marriage of some 
of the college boys and girls. Some of 
our girls have had to spend some months 
in Pandita's Rescue Home at Khedgaon, 
as a consequence of some of these con- 
ditions which present stronger tempta- 
tions than our children are able to re- 
sist, having had so many generations of 
impurity behind them. 

Of the daily work, the tasks that have 
filled up the days — of these I have not 
spoken. The girls do all the cooking 
in the orphanage, both for themselves 
and for the boys, and the overseeing of 
this fills up many hours of each day. 
Giving out grain for cooking, grain for 
grinding, flour for bread, giving out the 
food after it is cooked has taken time 
and energy that one might wish to have 
for other work so badly needed. For 
some months one of our Christian wid- 
ows has been a valuable help in this part 
of the work. She herself was an or- 
phanage girl when we came to India, 
and so it is not many years since she 
left the orphanage, and for this reason 
the work is perhaps a little more difficult 
for her and she must be helped more 
than she would otherwise need. As fast 
as we can we want to put this part of 
the work — looking after their physical 
needs — in the hands of our native help- 
ers so that we may have our time for 
doing the teaching which they so much 
need. There are many temptations to 
the girls in this part of the work and 
they yield to them too often, and their 
breads, and chilis, and the grain and 
flour and vegetables find their way into 


The Missionary Visitor 


some corner of the girls' boxes instead 
of to the place where they properly be- 

And so you can see a little of the need 
of our girls for teaching and training. 
They must be taught, and they must be 
advised; they must be punished when 
it is necessary, they must be told six- 
teen times to do somethings because, as 
Charles Wesley's mother said, " Fifteen 
times is not enough." They are grow- 
ing up, however, and they are trying to 
be good, and perhaps they are succeed- 
ing as well as they can even though it 
does take a lot of patience sometimes — 
oftentimes more than we possess. Do 
you think it takes too long ? And do you 
wonder why we can not put them out 
into the homes of our Christian com- 
munities? Could you be with us and 
see these homes and the conditions sur- 
rounding them you would not wonder 
and you would not ask. Our boys and 
girls must be sheltered till they can make 
homes of their own. And in this wait- 
ing time we must do all we can to make 
true men and women out of them. As 
long as they need our care and our shel- 
ter, our training and our love, so long 

do we need your dollars, your sym- 
pathy and your prayers. If, perchance, 
spite of all our efforts some of them 
go wrong, there are always more who 
are trying to be good. The other even- 
ing after having one of the girls with 
me for a talk, trying to help her to over- 
come her greatest fault, of quick speak- 
ing, with tears in her eyes, and a sob in 
her voice, she said, " Mama, I do want 
to be good, and I do try, but the girls 
make me angry and then I say the mean 
things." However discouraging some 
days may be, to feel that in one heart 
you have helped to create an honest 
desire to be better — this pays for all the 
rest. Our work is worth while and it 
pays in the coin of the King's realm 
whose value can not be measured by 
earthly standards. Let us pray that as 
long as they need our care and our help, 
our sympathy and our love — which will 
be as long as they live — that we may 
be patiently loving, and lovingly patient 
with their efforts, knowing that these lit- 
tle ones as well as we were in the thot 
of our Savior when His blood was shed 
on Calvary to redeem us all. 
Bulsar, India, Oct. 30, 1908. 


J. B. Emmert 

fThe first Sunday school in 
India was established in Ser- 
ampur, Bengal, in the year 
1803 by Cary. Since that 
day missionaries have found 
the Sunday school an im- 
portant factor in their work. 
In the year 1876 representa- 
tives from eight different missionary 
organizations met in Allahabad and 
formed the organization know as the 
India Sunday-School Union. 

In the words of the present general 
secretary of the union the objects of the 
union are : " ( 1 ) To emphasize the spir- 
itual character of Sunday-school teach- 

ing. (2) To consolidate and extend 
Sunday-school work. (3) To educate 
teachers in the best principles and meth- 
ods of Bible study and teaching. (4) To 
produce and foster the growth of En- 
glish and vernacular literature suitable 
for teachers and scholars. (5) To en- 
courage special services among young 
people. (6) To focus the attention of 
the Christian church upon the child as 
her most valuable asset. (7) To unite, 
for mutual help, all Sunday schools con- 
ducted by Protestant missions in south- 
ern Asia." 

The union has steadily grown in size 
and in influence. There are at present 

Examining Papers of the Middle Department of the All-India Sunday-school 

Lellu Jallem. I. S. Long. J. M. Blough. 

twenty-one different auxiliaries which 
cooperate with sixty out of the seventy 
missionary societies in India, and work 
in harmony with the general rules of 
the union. The auxiliaries are separate 
organizations. They conduct their own 
business affairs and direct the details of 
the work in their own territories. 

Statistics at hand show the member- 
ship of the Sunday schools' of India to be 
about 345,000. Making allowance for 
the unregistered schools we can safely 
say that the membership reaches 500,- 
000. The increase has been 240 per 
cent in ten years. About 20,000 new 
members are added annually. The 
teaching is done in sixty Indian lan- 
guages and by some 20,000 voluntary 

The union does not seek to control 
the work of the various Sunday schools. 
Its policy is rather one of help and sug- 
gestion. The following are some of the 
ways in which it carries on its work: 
It supplies expositors and others with 
tentative copies of the International 
Sunday-school Lesson Syllabus in ad- 
vance for criticism, and publishes it in 
its final form for the use of the various 
auxiliaries. It encourages Bible reading 

by means of the International Bible- 
Reading Association readings. These 
readings are published in about sixteen 
different languages. Expositions for 
teachers and pupils are produced in 
twenty languages and in fifty editions by 
denominational and I. S. S. U. enter- 
prise. A monthly magazine called the 
India Sunday-School Journal is devoted 
to the 1 interests of the work and keeps 
its readers well posted in all lines of 
Sunday-school endeavor. It also con- 
ducts a well-prepared course in teacher- 
training. A systematic effort is made to 
gather full statistics of the India Sunday- 
school work. But special' attention is 
due the yearly 
All-India Sunday-School Examination for 

Teachers and Scholars. 
It is a voluntary examination held in 
July of each year. The subject is the 
International Lessons of the previous six 
months. There are two general divi- 
sions — oral and written. These are sub- 
divided ; the oral into adult and primary, 
and the written into teachers' senior, 
middle, and junior departments. It is 
conducted in twenty languages. The 
union officers provide the list of ques- 
tions. These are then translated by offi- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Daud Prema, Who Won Medals in 1906 and 
1908. All-India Sunday-school Examination. 

cers of the various auxiliaries into the 
languages of their respective districts. 
These are then mailed so that they reach 
the local schools the day before exam- 
ination day. Three consecutive hours 
are allowed for the work and all candi- 
dates must be under close supervision. 

The local supervisors hear and grade 
the oral answers. The grades are then 
sent to the central office from which cer- 
tificates are procured for those who pass. 
A special examiner is appointed for each 
of the four written departments in each 
of the twenty languages. This examiner 
receives and examines all the papers of 
his department, and grades them. He 
also decides which paper is best in every 
particular and recommends it for the 
medal which is given to the best paper 
in each department of each language. 
Illuminated certificates are awarded to 
all candidates who pass. Those receiv- 
ing 75 to 100 marks receive first-class, 
those receiving 50 to 74 marks, second- 
class, and those receiving 33 to 49 marks, 
third-class certificates. No medals are 
given in the oral division. 

As high as sixteen thousand five hun- 
dred candidates enter yearly. Since the 
examinations were begun in 1896 no 
fewer than one hundred and seventeen 
thousand candidates have been exam- 
ined. The most of these, too, were non- 
Christians. About three-fourths of these 

passed and received certificates. 

The schools of our own mission have 
been taking part in these examinations 
during the past four years. Quite an in- 
terest is shown and much study is done 
in preparation. During the four years 
six medals have been received by mem- 
bers of our church. This past July about 
three hundred candidates from our mis- 
sion entered, a great majority secured 
certificates, and two won medals. 

The examination is an unquestioned 
good in India. Why would it not be in 
America? Our Sunday-school work is 
splendidly organized for it. No new 
machinery would be needed at all. The 
central office we have. The state dis- 
tricts and their live secretaries are 



Nauja Volgi, Who Won Silver Medal in the 
Senior Department of the Gujerati Lan- 
guage, 1908. 

equipped for their part of the work. The 
language difficulty would not be met. A 
medal could be given in each district, 
instead of in each language as here. 
The government has even favored it by 
setting apart the fourth of July as a holi- 
day, a day on which to hold this ex- 


The Missionary Visitor 



C. H. Brubaker 

In the constant presence 
of the enemy as he shows 
his face in the form of ig- 
norance, superstition, caste, 
idol-worship, pride, and self- 
satisfaction, one is forced to 
find refuge and strength at 
the throne where God has 
promised to meet us. Well it is for us 
and the work that this is so, otherwise 
there is danger that we put too much 
dependence in other ways and means. 
" God's arms are never shortened," but 
how often do we work, teach, preach and 
plan for some soul and at last come 
despairingly to the Lord, casting all the 
burdens upon Him ! 

We need patience : we need persever- 
ance ; we need prayer. We need pa- 
tience to endure the haughty taunts ot 
the proud, self-satisfied religionists with- 
out and to bear with the weak and oft- 
failing Christians within. We need per- 
severance to keep our courage amidst 
the obstacles and difficulties which con- 
front us when the clouds are black and 
the days are dark. But we need prayer 
that patience may have her perfect work, 
that we may call down heaven's bless- 
ings upon these needy souls, that we may 
break through the difficulties. We need 
prayer that superstition and ignorance 
may give way to truth and knowledge. 
We need prayer that caste may wane 
and Christ may win. We need prayer 
that the Holy Spirit bring a mighty con- 
viction of sin on these people. We need 
prayer that the Holy Spirit may shed 
abroad the love of God in each Chris- 
tian's heart, so that the unbelieving 
might be constrained to seek the Lord 
as their Savior. 

.It is not sufficient that your mission- 
aries be a praying people. We need 
prayer-warriors throughout the army of 
God's children. If Christians in the 

home-land should lift up their voices to 
the Lord of the harvest in prayer in be- 
half of missions every morning, the 
whole earth would be belted with one of 
the greatest armors of the Christian 
warfare. Then would not more Jericho- 
walls fall down? Your interest in us 
and the work abroad does not stop when 
you have raised the allotted sum for our 
support. If it does, it is a cold, formal 
financial interest, void of that vitality 
and missionary fervor that is every 
Christian giver's privilege to enjoy. 

Oh, that every Christian might realize 
how important a factor he is in the evan- 
gelization of the world ! God does work 
thru instruments. He especially works 
thru earnest and praying hearts. " Spir- 
itual unity, enthusiasm and determina- 
tion at home spell victory abroad ! " We 
want victory. So do you. You can 
help us on to victory by your prayers. 
It will take time and vitality on your 
part. It will take spiritual life. Some 
one has aptly said, " The cause of for- 
eign missions goes down to the roots 
of the spiritual life, and we need look 
for no abundance of fruit until that life 
is enriched." What is your spiritual 
temperature? We need to be spiritually 
energized. We need a new vision of our 
Master's love for souls. When Henry 
Martyn lay burning with fever at his 
post in Persia on receiving a letter ask- 
ing how the missionary interest of the 
church at home could be increased, the 
dying saint replied : " Tell them to live 
more with Christ; to catch more of His 
spirit; for the spirit of Christ is the 
spirit of missions, and the nearer we get 
to Him the more intensely missionary 
we must become." 

Yes, beloved, we need your prayers. 
You can be a greater help in this respect 
than you realize. If your missionaries 
do not give you such definite information 


The Missionary Visitor 


as to enable you to pray intelligently and 
definitely for the work, write them and 
ask them to do so at once. We must co- 
operate. It is God's work and we are all 
fellow-workers together with God. So 
it behooves us as His children not only 
to be familiar with God's Word but His 
work as well. There are phases of the 
work here that you ought to be as fa- 
miliar with as we so as to pray with a 
purpose definite and clear. 

More than the need of men, and more 
than the need of money at the present 
time is the need of intercessory prayer. 

There may be a dearth of men, there 
may be a dearth of money, but without a 
doubt there is a dearth of real inter- 
cessory missionaries. You say, and you 
say truly, " We can't all go to the for- 
eign field." And yet you would like to 
help us in the work here. You can do 
it, brother and sister. Thank God, some 
of you are doing it now. But we hope 
and pray that many more may join un- 
til our beloved fraternity may be mighty 
in prayer to the pulling down of strong- 
holds to the glory of Christ the Captain 
of Hosts. 

Dahanu, India. 


Sadie J. Miller 

HE beginning of de- 
velopment of music 
in India is very re- 
mote. It is said to 
have been as early 
as B. C. 1500, when 
the Vedic hymns 
were formed. It 
was in India that 
the art of making vibrations on a string 
by means of a bow was discovered. The 
violin had its origin in India. 

Alice Chapan says : " The sonorous, 
tumbling music of the Gangews, the 
white flame-tipped wonder of the Hima- 
layas, the dense wet-green of the jungle 
in the spring, the echo of the temple bell 
across the sentient stillness of the morn, 
— these things come to us at the very 
name of India. Strange to think that 
•our violin sprang into life along those 
everlasting hills and infinite mysteries, 
tuning its heart to a song beyond our 

Even in modern India do the jungle 
people make their own stringed instru- 
ments. A large gourd is placed at one 
end of a bamboo stick ; this for reinforc- 
ing the resonance, and two wires finish 
the instrument to suit them. This with 

the bells, tambourines, drums and sticks, 
makes sufficient noise to draw a crowd 

The Hindoo scale does not exactly 
correspond to our own. Harmony they 
never conceived; well-sounding chords 
are impossible in their scales. All their 
music seems to be monodic — one-voiced. 
Matthews says some of their scales 
have twenty-four divisions in an octave. 

No wonder they can make sounds in 
their hymns which at first seem so de- 
cidedly offensive to our ears. The longer 
and more one hears them the more do 
they become attached to them, however. 
There is much sweetness about their 
music. Our own becomes inferior when 
we are a minority among them. 

They can set any number of hymns to 
the same music. The more words 
jammed into one strain, the more they 
tumble over each other in being ex- 
pressed, the more does it succeed in 
charming. If too many words come the 
strain can be prolonged and lengthened. 

There is something very fascinating 
about their music. While they know 
nothing of playing or singing to certain 
counts or beats, yet they naturally, or 
some way, seem to have it after all. Ex- 

No. 1 



— £=*=! 

^E^^B^*E^EE ^^^ 1 

1. Broth -ers, sis - ters, come and join, to Sound the gos - pel word to - day. 

2. We ac - cept the great sal - va - tion, And the heav'n - ly crown will win. 

3. Ev - er - last - ing joy — who seeks it — His re - ward he will not lose. 


■ttu /-^^-fc^a 

1. Out of dark-ness bring them quick- ly, That the light of God they see. 

2. Cast a - way all earth - ly cares and Show the hap - py com - ing day. 

3. He will o - ver all temp - ta - tion Have the vie - t'ry, if he choose. 

No. 2. 

-1 — | | — ^ .^ — |s^d=±F=|= jL.^_| — ^ 

1. Come, reign with-in our hearts, Lord Je-sus, Dai- ly we love to sing Thy prais-es. 

2. We'll ne'er for-get Thy love to us -ward, Hap-py inspir-it we trav-el homeward. 

3. None else has shown the world such f a-vor,— Dy - ing, He saved mankind from dan - ger. 

4. Hath for the sin - ner made a - tone-ment,— E - ven me He hath re - deem-ed. 

No. 3. 



:*— - 





-p — 

i^J£^3 E 




mmm mssm 

D. S. 




pression ? you ask ; not the book sort, but 
hat which is natural to all and perfect 
n every way. 

Yes, he has a well-trained ear. Only 
ast week an old man sat by the drum 
which was being manipulated by one of 
:he younger generation. The cords 
along the side of the drum had a small 
block plugged under them. The block 
o one of the cords was missing and no 
me knew where to find it, so he just 

kept playing on it with the block out. 
The old man persisted in saying, " Do 
get a block under there," but no one 
heeded. Finally he grabbed the drum 
and put a slab under the offending cord, 
which caused no little laughter, but the 
drum at once pleased his ear. Said he, 
" Why, the very sound of it made me 
angry, but now it is all right." 

Notice the three little songs. Number 
1 we use much at our services. There 


The Missionary Visitor 


are more verses to it but translating into 
English does not make it sound natural. 
I have set a time to it, which comes as 
near the way it is sung as I am able to 
make it. Notice both strains are re- 
peated in singing. The first one is re- 
peated the third time at the close of each 
verse, thus making the first line its 

Number 2 we use when in village 

work. The tune is the kind that takes 
and charms. Some such songs have as 
high as twenty-five and thirty verses. I 
have heard them use the same tune and 
sing for hours with it. 

I have no words for number 3. The 
hymn, " I've reached the land of corn 
and wine," goes real well with it. Try 
to sing it that way. Voice-students will 
find it a splendid exercise. 



S. N. McCann 

N this country she 
expects him to be 
a man of God, al- 
ways standing for 
the Word, espe- 
cially for the dis- 
tinctive doctrines 
of the Church of 
the Brethren. 
Anything in a mis- 
sionary that sav- 
ors of compro- 
mise on any .of the distinctive doctrines 
works against the cause of missions. The 
church is more concerned about the qual- 
ity of teaching done than about the 
amount of teaching. She looks more to 
the quality of, the converts made than 
to the number of converts. If the church 
can be sure of the standard being Gospel 
she will stand by the work. Nothing will 
so surely destroy the work as a feeling of 
distrust of the missionaries on the great 
doctrines of the church. 

The church expects our missionaries 
to be busy in their work, diligent in serv- 
ice. Anything that looks like a waste of 
time works against the cause. 

The church expects of the mission- 
aries care, as to how their money is 
spent. Any needless or careless expend- 
iture of money would be a betrayal of 

the trust imposed upon us as mission-, 

The church expects to hear from her 
missionaries frequently through our pa- 
pers. Almost every member watches 
anxiously for any news from our foreign 
work. Many have said to me, " The 
first thing I read in getting the papers 
is the news from India." " I read every- 
thing from India." " When there is noth- 
ing in the paper from India I feel disap- 
pointed." " I like to know the dark as 
well as the bright side of missions." 
" Why don't you write more about the 
work ? " and many such like expressions 
you hear from the brethren in the vari- 
ous churches. 

The church expects fair and full re- 
ports of the work in the field. The 
church expects a missionary to take care 
of his health. Needless exposure would 
be condemned by the church. Almost all 
seem to be interested in knowing that 
the missionaries can get proper food and 
enough of it. The church expects her 
missionaries to have good food and good 
homes. She expects them to live in such 
a way that they can render the very best 
service possible for the Master, and for 
as many years as possible. 

The church expects our missionaries 


The Missionary Visitor 


to be living just a little closer to God, 
than any one who is not a missionary. 
She is looking up to them as being a lit- 
tle above the average. She feels that 
they are her very best and most spiritual 

May we at home and we who are 

in the field be one in the Lord. May 
we all allow the Lord to use us in such 
a way that His name may be glorified 
and His cause built up. May we so 
live that the Holy Ghost may dwell in 
our bodies, the Son be with us always, 
and the Father abide with us to the end. 


Eliza B. Miller 

OR what reasons 
should the mission- 
ary have a fur- 
lough? is a ques- 
tion often asked 
and frequently mis- 
understood. There 
is so much ex- 
p e n s e connected 
with the journey from the field and back 
again, and so much valuable time spent 
in the leave of absence that many think 
the missionary is on a pleasure trip, hav- 
ing too good a time. But, on the other 
hand, all those acquainted with the law 
of service know that there comes the 
time in every worker's life when rest 
from labor is essential to future success- 
ful work. Gladly would the missionary 
| stay by his work 365 days of every year 
through a lifetime, but like One of old 
he knows the importance of the " moun- 
tain," the " sea," the " wilderness " to 
(recruit for future conflict. 

The primary object of the furlough is 
not simply to revisit native land with 
home and friends, but it is to seek that 
restoration of body, mind and spirit that 
again will fit and qualify for the follow- 
ing period of service. Living in the tor- 
rid zone for a period of years the vitality 
of the " white man " is drained by the 
peculiarities of the climate, by malaria 
and by annoying pests ever with him. 
There is a constant strain on the phys- 

ical. Teaching, preaching — always giv- 
ing out draws from the mind and heart 
wells so deeply that after awhile you feel 
so empty; for in a heathen atmosphere 
and in physical, mental and spiritual 
exile from the source of supply it is so 
hard to keep filled up. To return to the 
temperate climate and receive its fresh- 
ness, to be in the world of education and 
culture, mingling with men and women 
of superior power, to relive in the atmos- 
phere of a Christian country, gives to the 
physical again its old-time strength and 
vigor; to the mind again its freshness 
and activity ; to the spirit again its fervor 
and comfort. Oh, what a change comes 
to the tired, worn-out missionary after 
being under these favorable conditions 
for a few months! 

While this renewal of the missionary 
is taking place it gives him opportunity 
to present the work and the needs of the 
mission field to the home church, press- 
ing always the victory that is sure to 
come if the workers are faithful and the 
home church willing to support them and 
the work, and the great truth of the 
Master, that " the harvest truly is plen- 
teous but the laborers are few." 

Then, too, at a distance from the field 
of work the missionary has a chance to 
view the work in a composed mind. Its 
successes seem more glorious, its aspect 
more glowing. Sometimes in the noise 
of the battle the end thereof is drowned 


The Missionary Visitor 


in the noise and discouragement comes; 
but with the view from afar hope is re- 
newed and an eagerness to be there buoys 
up the soul. 

Last of all and best of all the leave of 
absence only intensifies the love of the 
missionary for his work. Absence al- 
ways makes the heart grow fonder or 
colder for the friends and work whence 
you are gone. If the missionary does not 
have a greater love for the work in his 
absence than when he left there is some- 

thing wrong. The truly missionary soul 
while absent from his work will all the 
time have that swelling, heartfelt long- 
ing, " Let me go back ; I am homesick." 
Home and friends and native land have 
no longer binding charms for the one 
whose heart is knit with the hearts of 
the people across the sea. Missionary 
sacrifice and missionary hardship fall 
into insignificance under the great issue 
of the missionary campaign — bringing 
Christ to the heathen. 

Naples, Italy, Nov. 19, 1908. 


A. W. Ross 

It is a well-established 
conclusion that no mission 
of any extent is completely 
equipped for the work 
among the heathen until it 
has a well organized medical 
department. Instead of sim- 
ply being an adjunct it has 
come to be recognized as one of the most 
important forms of missionary enter- 
prize. In fact, the work of the medical 
department often opens the way for the 
other departmental activities, and many 
times much of their success depends 
on it. 

In the early years of medical missions 
the doctor was sent out simply as a ser- 
vant of the mission, with specific instruc- 
tions that his work was simply to heal 
the sick, — that and no more. He was 
not asked nor expected to do the work of 
a missionary — that is, preach the Gospel. 
Times have changed. Now the cry is 
" consecrated medical missionaries " — 
men who have at heart the salvation of 
the soul as much as any other man on 
the field, and who will use the increased 
opportunities to this end. One of the 
missions in making her call, made 
the qualifications something like this: 
" First, he must be a Christian, secondly, 

a missionary, thirdly and lastly, a doc- 
tor — not a mission doctor, but a mission 
doctor." One in whose every act Jesus 
Christ becomes manifest as the Great 

As yet it can hardly be said that our 
mission has a medical department. True, 
at nearly every station a considerable 
number of patients are attended to 
throughout the year; but naturally our 
work is more or less superficial and done 
only because of the pressing need of cir- 
cumstances and the increased opportuni- 
ties for good. Without the skilled and 
competent physician we are hampered 
and our arms are shortened. 

One need only to call to mind the 
great amount of work that our dear Bro. 
Yereman had, to see that our need must 
be great. Doctors there are, that is true ; 
but they are too often incompetent and 
generally not the friend of the masses. 
The man of wealth, the man of good 
caste, can get attention, while the poor 
are too often turned off with inferior 
medicine and ill treatment. Because of 
their inability to cope with difficult cases, 
both medical and surgical, and because 
of their prejudice towards the masses the 
foreign doctor finds a great scope for 
work, and it is only a short time until 


The Missionary Visitor 


his office is filled with patients and he is 
soon the most prominent man in the 
place, his wonderful cures and operations 
being heralded far and wide. 

Dr. Gavin, of the Irish Presbyterian 
Mission, during our stay in his home, 
often referred to his experiences wi*" K 
the native doctors during his five years 
of practice in India. He says that he 
has been astonished time and time again 
at the carelessness in their treatment, 
often resulting in backsets, and their 
finally calling him to their assistance. 
To this he emphatically added that it is 
foolish for a European in most cases to 
entrust himself to the care of the native 
physician, unless, as is sometimes the 
case, he is a tried man whose ability has 
been tested and he is known to be reli- 
able. This being the case you will see 
that for your missionaries alone this 
question of skilled aid in the time of need 
is no small one. Up to of late the hos- 
pitals in Bombay have been quite satis- 
factory, but now conditions and prices 
have changed and many who had always 
gone there are looking about for treat- 
ment elsewhere. Mission doctors, be- 
cause of their sympathy and special care, 
and because of changed policies in the 
large hospitals in the city, are more in 
demand the past year by Europeans than 

While we were in the home of Dr. 
Gavin, Bro. Blough brought boys twice 
and p 1 aced them in the hospital there. 
A few days later Sister Qinter brought 
another. When Bro. Blough brought 
his second one he said that he left a 
half dozen others back needing attention 
almost as bad as the one he brought, but 
knowing that the hospital was already 
filled to overflowing he felt that he could 
bring only the worst one. A few days 
later he wrote that Sister Quinter took 
several of the girls to Surat and placed 
them in the hospital there. A few days 
later he wrote that they were having so 
much sickness they hardly knew what 
to do. To send them to Dr. Gavin, who 
at that time could scarcely take care of 

the sick of his own mission and of the 
community, was too much like an impo- 
sition, while on the other hand the na- 
tive doctors in town had increased their 
charges so that the fees were getting 
to be a very heavy bill and a drain on 
orphanage funds. The conditions made 
us realize as we never did before the 
greatness of our need. Ourselves in their 
home under their care, with three of our 
boys and one of our workers in the 
wards with a lot of others needing the 
same attention and care, made us cry out 
to God that He may yet in good time put 
it in the heart of some brother doctor to 
offer himself for the great service of 
medical missions. Almost daily visits to 
the wards, together with close insight 
into the working of the hospital, im- 
pressed upon me the magnitude of the 
work for the skilled and consecrated 
hand and of the manifold opportunities 
open to him for good which are not open 
to any other missionary. 

Nowhere else have I seen caste hum- 
bled so much as I did there. In one bed 
was a bunghi — of the despised sweeper 
caste — the very near approach of whom 
means defilement, while in the bed to his 
side not more than five feet away was 
the proud, haughty Brahmin, now 
brought low by the hand of sickness. 
The Brahmin protested. For several 
days he would not come. The rule of 
the hospital is " All men equal," and it 
was adhered to faithfully. The Brahmin 
got no relief and he came, running the 
risk of defilement, censure of his caste 
fellows, and of being polluted by the 
sahib's religion. 

He hears the Gospel every day; hears 
it preached and sees it lived. At first 
he listens, thinking that the sahib will 
give him all the better medicine for do- 
ing it. Day by day he sees the doctor 
administering to him and to others with 
his own hand where he himself, if it were 
his to do, would tell some one else with 
inferior ability to do it and he would 
stand off and look on. He sees that the 
poor bunghi, despised by everybody in 


The Missionary Visitor 


India save the foreigner, gets the sahib's 
attention and love as well as any one 
else. At first it disgusts him to think that 
the hand that administers to a bunghi 
must administer to him a Brahmin. But 
he has to quietly submit. As the days 
go on he listens and looks with a greater 
degree of interest. He sees something 
which he has never seen before. Though 
he still abhors defilement, yet he cannot 
help but admire one who will humble 
himself to administer to others as the 
doctor and his assistants do. He hears 
that it is the love of Jesus that gives 
them the grace and love to do it. He 
thinks, he sees. He comes to the con- 
clusion that there must be something 
after all in the sahib's religion, which he 
has not heretofore seen, nor can he find 
it in his own. 

He gets well and is discharged. He 
goes away with a good word on his lips 
for the work of the hospital. Instead of 
opposing he now recommends others to 
go. His heart is softened and he is 
ready to sit down with the evangelist 
in his rounds and hear more of that good 
story which he heard there when on his 
back. The day may come when he will 
give his heart to the Lord. It is not too 
much to hope for. ' Many times such has 
been the case. 

To those in the church who have the 
medical qualifications, I plead with you 
to consider this grave question. The 
Board has been looking for some one for 
upwards of three years, but as yet they 
report no one to fill the place. I doubt 
not but that there are men well able, 
both spiritually and otherwise, to take 
the work, but something is in the way. 
Is it a debt? Consult with some friend 
or elder, or advise with the Board. Per- 
haps some way can be opened for re- 
moval of the debt. Yea, I doubt not but 

that if the church would know it, some 
one would rise and say that he would 
not permit a debt to keep a brother doc- 
tor from going to relieve the needy in 
India. Is it because of some worldly 
gain that you cannot come to India? 
Yes, we know that the allurements of the 
profession are many, but would you let 
them stand in between you and your 
duty ? Rather " Lay up for yourself 
treasures in heaven where moth nor rust 
doth corrupt nor thieves break through 
and steal." Are you looking for a field 
of better opportunities for rising in your 
profession? If so you are mistaken. 
The foreign field presents the greatest 
possible advantages for the doctor to 
rise in his profession. Many diseases 
which the home physician meets with 
only occasionally come under the mis- 
sion doctor's notice frequently. He be- 
comes at once general practitioner and 
specialist. At home there is every pos- 
sibility that you will be only one among 
a thousand, while in India you have hun- 
dreds of chances of standing right at 
the top of the ladder because of in- 
creased opportunities and conditions 
calling forth the very best that is in 

Let every member of the church make 
this a question of prayer and consider 
ation. It is wonderful sometimes what 
can be accomplished when everybody 
gets to thinking, and finally putting the 
thoughts into action. But it is more 
wonderful still what greater things are 
accomplished when we lay our needs be- 
fore the Lord and beseech Him earnestly 
to open up the way, to solve these per- 
plexing problems for us. 

May we hope that another Annual 
Meeting may see some one ready for 
this great and necessary work? May it 
be so is our prayer and desire. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Mary E. Stover 

HE third-class carriage or 
car near the rear of an 
Indian train is often 
called the zenana car. It 
is built like the others 
with seats crosswise, so 
that the rows of occu- 
pants sit facing each other. A door is at 
each end of the space between each pair 
of seats, a window at each end of the 
seats themselves, so there are two win- 
dows and one door alternating on each 
side of the car. 

In this particular car you will see 
women and children, for it is labeled on 
the outside, " For Women Only." If a 
family travels together, they usually go 
into one of the other cars, but women 
alone go into this car, as also we do 
when we travel alone. I am going from 
Bulsar to Ankleshwer. The wife of a 
Mahomedan, wearing a purda, covering 
her from head to foot with only two 
holes through which she can peep, is 
brought to the zenana car and placed in 
it with her belongings and some of the 
children. If the husband is thoughtful, 
he will take some of the children into an- 
other car with him, for the wife has her 
hands full with her purda. If it is hot — 
and it is nearly always hot in India — 
just as soon as the train leaves the sta- 
tion she is glad to lay off her purda, 
which envelops her like a great cloak. 
But it is only a few minutes until the 
train comes into another station, when 
she must hurriedly cover her face again, 
for fear some man may have opportunity 
to look into it. To allow this, she has 
been taught, is not the way of a virtuous 
woman. So she has no time to look after 
children, unless it be the youngest ones. 
She may have a nurse with her to help 
her, — but no, not usually the woman who 
travels third-class. If she can afford a 

nurse, she will also likely travel second- 

Here comes a fat, well-jeweled woman, 
dressed in silk sari. She speaks rather 
loudly, and while she arranges her nu- 
merous bundles and pieces of luggage, 
everybody turns to look in her direction. 
Presently she is seated and quiet, taking 
care to draw her garments away from 
any one who may be sitting near. She 
is not likely to have much to say the 
rest of the journey unless several of her 
caste be with her. She is a Hindu, high 
caste, and likely the wife of a merchant, 
and lives in some noisy bazaar. 

At one of the stations several women 
come to the doors to enter. Several of 
higher caste shout out, " Not here. Go 
there." The poor laboring women, each 
with a little bundle on her head, hurry 
hither and thither, finally finding places 
to sit before the train starts again. 

At one of the stations we pass, one of 
our Christian booksellers goes along on 
the platform calling out " Books to sell." 
He has portions of Gospels, tracts, etc. 
" Let us have one in Gujerati to read as 
we ride along." We have not read more 
than a few pages until we find the women 
looking at us curiously. " What ! An 
English woman reading our language ! " 
One little girl comes slipping close up to 
us on the seat, and begins to read. She 
has studied to the third book. Very few 
of the women can read at all. We give 
her the little book, and she soon has a 
company of the women about her, and 
,is reading to them. 

Now we are at Surat, a big station 
where nearly all the occupants of the car 
leave. Others come in, however. Our 
friend, the merchant's wife, who has 
seemed not to notice any one in the car, 
is just passing out the door, stepping 


The Missionary Visitor 


down to the platform, when a Mahom- 
edan gentleman brings his wife to the 
door to place her in the car. Seeing us 
he says in good English, " May my wife 
sit near you?" "Certainly, certainly," 
as we gladly make room. But his wife, 
hearing the voices, raises her purda, and 
seeing us, exclaims, " Oh, take me some- 
where else! Sit by an English woman? 
Oh ! " and looks so frightened. At this 
moment our merchant's proud wife 
speaks : " You sit down. She's a good 
woman. She can read and speak our 
language." So the Mahomedan woman 
consents, but sits in the far corner of the 
seat, and looks at us like a shy, fright- 
ened child. Until now we had forgotten 
our basket of roses which we had 
brought with us, so we begin to dis- 
tribute some of them. Who does not 
love flowers? 

At the next station two women enter 
and sit near us. One says, " I have seen 
your sister." " My sister," I reply, 
somewhat in surprise. " Yes, at Jhaga- 
dia." Then we know whom she means. 
And she insists that we look very much 

Here is a bond of acquaintance, and 
soon a lively conversation follows. Oth- 
ers move closer to hear. Where are we 
going? How many years have we lived 
there? What work do we do? Are we 
widows that we wear no jewels? No? 

Then do our husbands not love us that 
they buy no jewels for us? We do wear 
jewels? Where? How? This gives us a 
chance to explain the adornment of mod- 
est women which we wear, not of gold, 
silver, or costly array, but of a meek and 
quiet spirit, gentleness, goodness and 
love. They are much interested in this 
new view of jewel-wearing. Would they 
like to know where we learned it? 
" Oh," one replies, " you are very wise, 
and can read good books. Where can we 
learn ? We are only poor, ignorant wom- 
en." Then we tell them of the great 
Teacher who became Man, lived, died 
and rose again for us, and not for us 
only, but for the whole world. 

So the talk runs on. One does not 
forget to ask, " Do you have any chil- 
dren, any sons ? " On hearing of our 
two sons and one daughter, she raises 
her hands as if in blessing. " The gods 
have been good to you. May you have 
many more sons ! " 

Here we are at Ankleshwer, and sure 
enough, here are the three little ones 
with their papa waiting for the train to 
stop before they hurry to the door. The 
women crowd to the windows with many 
salaams. No doubt they discuss, as we 
leave them, how it can be that a man can 
love his wife and not give her jewels to 
wear. But the conclusion will most like- 
ly be, " It isn't our way" 


J. M. Pittenger 

N India the term raja, 
which means a king, is 
a very common one in 
the Dangs, and every 
Bhil from the humblest 
to the most haughty ex- 
pects the term applied to 
him when spoken of, and 
every one of them is 
proud of the fact that he is a Bhil or 

raja. Let it be remembered that the two 
terms Bhil and raja are synonymous 
among all the people of the Dangs. A 
lazier and more indifferent people it 
would be hard to find anywhere. Among 
them, those who work regularly and con- 
tinuously are the rare exceptions. Their 
rule for work is that of being starved 
or driven to it in some other way. 

Naturally, then, the question arises: 


The Missionary Visitor 


" How do they live ? " It is like this : 
They are the aborigines, and before the 
English government laid her strong hand 
upon them they lived solely by plunder- 
ing and robbing the kingdoms on their 
borders in all directions. So fierce and 
successful were they in their raids that 
they kept the people of the adjoining 
countries in constant terror. As far as 
I have been able to ascertain they exacted 
tribute in some form from each adjoin- 
ing prince. In some cases this was very 
heavy, and woe to the man who failed to 
pay. What plunder and theft did not 
supply they could purchase with the 
tribute money. Even to this day some of 
them pay tribute as a sort of punishment 
inflicted by the English government to 
recompense the Bhils for long-standing 
injustices committed by them against the 
Bhils. This is done by Baroda, which is 
the most advanced and powerful native 
state in western India. She has a popu- 
lation several times greater than all the 
inhabitants and many times greater than 
that of the Bhils in the Dangs. 

A very large per cent of the criminals 
nozv brought to justice in the Dangs are 
Bhils. They are habitually criminal. 
Committing theft of all kinds is not " sec- 
ond " but " first nature " with them. 
They assign two reasons for this : First, 
they are rajas, (kings), and hence it is 
beneath their dignity to work. Second, 
their forefathers did this way, so they 
must, too. 

Despite her power, the English gov- 
ernment cannot keep the Bhil from being 
lazy and a thief. The Kankanis, the 
farmers and toilers of the Dangs, miss 
many a bushel of grain because the Bhil 
prefers to have some one else furnish 
him his food without any exertion on his 
part. Coupled with this propensity to 
steal, is his inordinate desire of or for 
liquor. The quantity he drinks is con- 
trolled solely by his power to purchase 
or secure in some other way, be that 
just or unjust. 

I have known them to go for days 
without food, then to borrow money and 

spend every bit of it for liquor, and in 
so doing feel that it was wiser to get 
liquor than food. Before this awful 
curse, these poor, benighted people are 
rapidly becoming little better than 

But these people do not live solely by 
theft. They have an income derived 
from the government of India, which 
means the English government. Early 
last century, when the English took con- 
trol of affairs in the Dangs, they made 
each and all the rajas, or kings and chiefs 
subject in every respect to their rule. 
They recognized their rights to the soil, 
because they are the aborigines. This 
recognition comes about through the 
yearly payment of a stipulated sum to 
each raja and chieftain. The sum is de- 
termined by the prominence of the raja 
or chieftain; i. e., the number of people 
subject to him or the amount of territory 
over which he holds sway. 

The largest sum paid to any one raja 
is that of Gharvi. This is about $1,500 
or 4,306 rupees. The smallest sum is 32 
rupees or about $11. This is paid only 
in yearly payment by the representative 
of the English government sent here. Of 
course this is a great time for all the 
Bhils, for there is not one in all the 
Dangs who does not in some way get a 
portion, large or small, of the amount 
distributed. Often the raja or chieftain 
goes away from Ahwa without a single 
cent after the money has been dis- 

In 1907 the Gharvi Raja remained 
three days after the durbar and went 
home with but little if any of the money 
given him by the government. The 
Amala Raja who gets over $1,000 an- 
nually went home that year without a 
cent. They are all in debt, some of them 
hopelessly so. Unscrupulous men taking 
advantage of their ignorance, charged 
them rates of interest beyond the power 
of any one to pay. In many cases the 
rate is 150 per cent and in some cases I 
have known it to be 300 per cent. 

Their poverty is most pitiable. This is 


The Missionary Visitor 


true of them physically, morally, spirit- 
ually, and intellectually. The need of an 
uplift in all these ways is most urgent. 
Their condition appeals so strongly to 
one in every way, their wasted forms, 
their vacant countenances, indeed every- 
thing about them calls so loudly for 
mercy and help. 

Although their nature seems so bad, in 

many ways they are not so debased that 
they cannot feel the thrill of the sympa- 
thetic word or the deed performed in the 
name and by the love of Him who died 
for them that they might have and know 
the light and love of God. Pray, broth- 
er, sister, that their darkened minds may 
be opened to the preaching of the Gospel 
of peace and salvation. 


Alice K. Ebe^ 

~^l OW as I write our 
good ship " Ham- 
burg " is carrying 
us away from loved 
ones and our own 
land. We remem- 
ber them in many 
different homes, 
very dear to our 
hearts, aged saints, 
consecrated young 
men and women, 
and precious little 
children, bowing 
their knees and hearts before the altar 
and praying the blessings of joy and 
peace and comfort in the Holy Ghost 
upon us. Thank God for His saints 
whose hearts and prayers follow mission- 
aries wherever they are sent forth. We 
also recall the prayers in the assemblies 
of God's people. The united prayers of 
God's Church bring His benediction up- 
on us as we journey. 

In turn we think of our loved ones, 
with special trials and struggles and sor- 
rows. Our hearts cry out to our Father 
to bless them each according to His own 
loving wisdom. Separation is not so sad 
when we remember that our Father wills 
it so for a little time. 

But we are sailing towards India, so 
dear to our hearts because of seven years 
spent among her sinning, ignorant, suf- 
fering people, and because of our yoke- 

fellows, our missionary brethren and sis- 
ters, with whom we have had sweet fel- 
lowship in the trials and the triumphs, 
the toils and the harvests, the sorrows 
and the joys of missionary life. Lord, 
bring us together again, and unite us 
more and more in the great work of 
bringing the Gospel to India ! 

We rejoice exceedingly in the thought 
of meeting the dear brethren and sisters, 
who have been redeemed by the precious 
blood of the Lamb. We remember them 
as they bade us farewell with tears 
streaming over their cheeks. We know 
their prayers have followed us every day 
during our year of separation from them. 
Blow, breezes ! Take us to the dear ones 
that need to be taught and shepherded, — ; 
comforted, shielded and encouraged in 
the Lord while they are surrounded by 
all the appalling temptations of Satan in 
a heathen land. How glad the anticipa- 
tion of meeting our brethren and sisters 
of India, and of again joining with them 
in their prayers of hope and labors of 

We thank Thee, Lord, for thus bring- 
ing us on our way to them, and oh, we 
pray Thee that Thou wouldst give us 
wisdom to teach, patience to suffer, and 
strength to work for Thee among Thy 
chosen ones in India! Help us to be all 
things to all men that we might by all 
means save some! 

In America we were separated froi 


The Missionary Visitor 


those we love in India ; in India we will 
be parted from dear ones in America. 
God's people are a scattered, separated 
people now. In every land, in the isles 
of the sea, our Father has sent forth 
His people and called them out to be 
the salt of the earth. Then, too, only a 
few of us dwell on the earth. Hosts of 
God's own have already been called from 
earth. But in a little while we shall be 
a gathered, a happy people, dwelling for- 
ever in the Father's house. What a time 
for praise and rejoicing and fellowship 
that will be ! We will see our Savior 
face to face and know as we are known. 
All the mysteries of life will be settled ; 

all the battles with sin will be fought. 
So what matter a few bitter tears, a few 
storms of sorrow, toilings and wrestlings 
with evil a little while, when we know 
that Jesus will bring us safe to our Fa- 
ther's home nevermore to sorrow or 
sin or stumble or fail? " For our light 
affliction which is but for a moment, 
worketh for us a far more exceeding and 
eternal weight of glory." 

And these are a few of our medita- 
tions as we sail a second time to India. 
" Let the words of my mouth, and the 
meditation of my heart, be acceptable in 
thy sight, O Lord, my strength and my 

Off Azores Islands, Nov. o, 1908. 


Mrs. Elizabeth McCann 

IN this land of schools, comfortable 
homes and temperate climate you can 
hardly realize what it implies to live in 
the Orient, among a people who differ so 
much from us in religion, customs, hab- 
its and language. 

With such different environments and 
tropical climate we often have new prob- 
lems facing us that were unknown to us 
in the home-land. Among these is the 
education of the missionary children. 
" Why, have you no schools in India ? " 
Yes, there are some government schools 
for the native children, but our children 
cannot get an English education from 
" masters " who often can hardly speak 
English themselves, and who know very 
little of our western methods of teaching, 
and how to deal intelligently with the 
tender mind and heart. 

Then, too, English is not taught until 
the fifth standard is reached in the ver- 
nacular. So we have no good English 
i school adapted to our children in reach 
of any of our mission stations. Can we 
not teach them at home? Yes, to some 

extent, but often at a great disadvantage 
to the child, for it is very difficult to 
have much time strictly to yourself, un- 
less you cut yourself loose entirely from 
the duties of a missionary, and this we 
can hardly do, for it will mean neglect 
in some way or other to the cause we 
represent. We dare not even appear 
selfish, in the mission home, and so some 
one should always be ready to speak to 
those who come and go. So, while the 
others are out in the work, the mother 
must usually in this way be the keeper 
at home, and besides as much as possible 
help in the work among the women. 
There are many women in India who 
will never hear the Gospel unless it is 
taught to them by Christian women. Be- 
cause of this need, you can well see that 
it is not practicable for the mission, that 
in every station where there are one or 
two children ready for school, they 
should be supplied with a teacher from 
our mission force. 

If we were all located in one place 
we might do with one teacher for all of 


The Missionary Visitor 


them, but we are scattered over the dis- 
trict, some two hundred miles apart. 
Then, too, our work is on the plains, and 
a growing child, especially if much sub- 
ject to the malarial fever should be in a 
more invigorating climate. Because of 
this, other missions which provide board- 
ing schools in India for the missionary 
children, locate them in the hills. Some 
of these are in North and South India, 
which is quite a journey from Gujerat. 
There is one at Panchgani, a hill station 
about two hundred miles or more south 
from Bombay. It is at an altitude of 
3,000 feet, said to be an even tempera- 
ture most of the year, but not as cool as 
at a higher altitude. 

We have sometimes had this school 
in contemplation, but were much dis- 
couraged when the report came from In- 
dia that on investigation they gave it up 
because of the expense. However, if this 
were the only hindrance we trust that 
our missionary children need not be de- 
nied the privilege of having what they 
need, — good school and the healthful cli- 
mate ; also the association of other Euro- 
pean children. It is not considered wise 
to have them grow up with no other 
association than natives. 

But these schools are denominational, 
and it has been a question whether we 
shall entrust our little ones with yet such 
tender minds to teaching that we do not 
accept as being the full Gospel. 

Many of you would say " No," for 
you do not risk your young men and 
women with more mature minds to just 
any of the colleges of the land ; hence, 
our own colleges and Bible schools. 

There are not enough mission children 
now on the field, ready for school, to 
justify a school of our own, but why 
not for the present rent a cottage, near 
a well equipped school, give the children 
some of home life and send them as day 
pupils? In this way we would only need 
one worker to be with them, to mother 
them, and so we could know more about 


their welfare than when left entirely to 
the charge of others. 

If this plan proves satisfactory, the 
why not have the mission own a cottage ? 
for it could also serve as a rest-home 
when it becomes necessary for one on 
the mission to go to the hills to recuper- 
ate. This plan came to us as the great 
struggle was on, when it seemed neces- 
sary to leave our boy, who is in his ninth 
year, in the homeland, not to see him 
again until he is in his eighteenth. If 
possible to place them in school in India, 
we could at least see our children once 
a year. 

However, if this cannot be then some 
provision will necessarily have to be 
made for them here in the homeland 
and we do not find many who are will- 
ing to assume the responsibility of train 
ing and caring for others outside of their 
own families. 

Then, too, if the arrangement is tc 
be a strictly business proposition, out 
present allowance for children will nol 
be sufficient, as they cannot be boardec 
and clothed on the present basis. This ii 
the experience of those whose childrer 
are old enough to require about as mucl 
food as their parents. 

This matter has been of some concert 
to those on the field, but we are skw 
to make requests for an increase. But 
this will likely come if the children an 
to be cared for here in the homeland 
or in India, if we put them in the hills 

You must remember that those wh( 
represent you on the field are not in 
position to lay by to send their Johns an» 
Marys to school. Some just stepped on 
of college into the work. It was no 
practicable that they first entered a pro 
fession or other lucrative position an 
then go. 

We are not complaining, for we kno\ 
that through His loving children th 
Lord will continue to verify the promise 
" My God shall supply all your need. 

Lititz, Pa., Nov. 27, 1908. 


The Missionary Visitor 



D. J. Lichty 

« Twice a year the mission- 
aries of Gujerat meet in con- 
ference at some point in the 
field, in order to establish 
helpful relations between 
themselves and the several 
Christian communities over 
which they are responsible. 
At the recent conference (Sept. 
29-30), held at Rajkot, we were 
entertained by our Irish Presbyterian 
friends, Mr. and Mrs. Stevenson, and 
that too rig-lit royally. On account 
of the place being so far off in one cor- 
ner of Gujerat, and for other reasons, 
the attendance was smaller than usual, 
but all who were present declare it to be 
the best meeting we have had since the 
organization of the conference. 

If there is one thing more than an- 
other that we have learned at these gath- 
erings, it is that in our work as mission- 
aries we all have pretty much the same 
successes and failures, and that in con- 
tending against the great odds of heath- 
enism we have plenty of human weak- 
ness. Realizing this, it is not surprising 
that our meetings are more and more 
assuming a devotional nature, and I am 
glad to say that our last meeting was 
almost purely of this type. Many were 
the confessions of failure and many the 
entreaties for the Spirit's power and 
guidance. We also listened to five able 
and excellent papers read by our Breth- 
ren Stover and Blough and Messrs. 
Boyd, Back and Birkett of the I. P., 
C. A. and C. M. S. missions, respective- 
ly. The subjects treated were: "Our 
Chief Aim," " The Importance of Per- 
sonal Effort," " Our Lack of Sympathy," 
I Our Faiiure in Prayer," and " The 
Promise of Success." Dr. Taylor also 
gave us a helpful talk from the text, " I, 
if I be lifted up from the earth, will 

draw all men unto me." Thus two 
well-spent days passed all too soon, and 
again the little railway train was carry- 
ing us across the plains of Kathiawar to 
Viramgam, where the fast B. B. C. I. 
mail train was waiting to take us down 
to our several stations. 

Rajkot, the civil and military head- 
quarters of the Province of Kathiawar, 
is also worthy of mention aside from the 
fact that our conference was held there. 
We were surprised to find so clean and 
well-built a city, while the places of in- 
terest are not a few. Of these the Raj- 
kumar College is especially noteworthy, 
for here are educated the sons of sixty- 
six native kings of Gujerat. The college 
hall, dormitories, library and gymnasium 
are all built on a grand scale and would 
accommodate at least a thousand Amer- 
ican students, but as it is, there is just 
enough room for the sons of sixty-six 
royal families. After the princes have 
finished their academic education here, 
they are ready for some European uni- 
versity course, or in one of their native 
land. In front of the main entrance 
stands the McNaughten statue in mem- 
ory of the school's first principal, who 
to this day is spoken of as having been 
a teacher of rare tact and ability and as 
a fine Christian character. In accepting 
the principalship one of the conditions 
imposed upon him was that he should not 
teach his students Christianity, but to 
him it was just as important to live the 
Christ-life before them as to preach it, 
and no one will ever deny but that he 

Other places of interest to us were 
the Cannaught Hall, containing a por- 
trait gallery of the chiefs of the prov- 
ince, royal personages and political of- 
ficers of eminence. Here, too, we found 
a fine marble statue of the late Queen 


The Missionary Visitor 


Victoria, and in the same room is the 
meeting place of the political agent and 
the native durbar. Adjoining this hall 
at one end is a fine library and reading 
room, and at the other end is the Wat- 
son Museum, whose contents tell much 
of the past history of Kathiawar and of 
its present condition. Besides the above, 
there were well-built schoolhouses, hos- 
pitals, and rest-houses which speak well 
for the enterprise of the native rulers 
of the Province. These are evidently 
some of the conquests of peace, but had 
the English government not been back 
of it all there likely would have been 
more conquest by war than anything else, 
and it is quite safe to guess what would 
happen yet today should the Englishman 
for any reason withdraw and leave these 
proud rulers to themselves. 

Kathiawar as a mission field has 

scarcely been touched, though the Irish 
Presbyterians have had several stations 
there for over a half century. Native 
states seldom are easily worked, and this 
along with other reasons, has not been 
productive of many conversions to 
Christianity in those parts. But there are 
other standards from which to judge 
mission work and no one can say that the 
efforts put forth there have been in vain. 
Beyond and to the west of Kathiawar 
lies the Province of Kutch, as yet en- 
tirely untouched by any mission. The 
door to this field cannot be said to b< 
standing ajar, but we all feel that if 
some mission were able and disposed to 
enter, the Lord would give them an en- 
trance and bless the effort. Pray that 
laborers may be sent and remember us 
in the field already occupied. 
Umalla, India, Oct. 12, 1908. 


Florence Baker Pittenger 



HE Dang country is al- 
most completely shut in 
during monsoon season. 
There are no bridges nor 
boats and the numerous 
streams and rivers can 
be crossed only by those 
who know the art of 
"^* swimming. At this time 

the hills and mountains 
which surround us pre- 
sent a most beautiful scene. We are 
made to exclaim, " How wonderful is 
thy handiwork, O Lord ! " 

We cannot get far from home during 
these rainy days, but each day is crowded 
full of duties and we do not find the time 
for study and thought that we had 
planned we might have. Even though 
the rain pours there are but few days 
that pass without some one coming for 
medicine, and so we have the opportunity 

of telling the blessed story right in ouc 
own home. 

We often hear it said that the mis- 
sionary needs to be " Jack-of-all-trades." 
Surely this is true of the one who lives in 
the jungle, away from all modern con- 
veniences. Here in the Dangs are no 
carpenters, no blacksmiths, no barbers — 
well, to make it short, there are no crafts- 
men of any sort. The people live frorJ 
the fruit of the soil, and the tools theja 
use are so few and crude that the people 
have not yet learned the need of trained 
labor. The sickle which we find in everjs 
home is brought in from a village thirty 
miles away, and when it gets dull it is 
carried back there to have it sharpened. 
The same is true of each man's axe. You 
can readily see how the missionary must 
be his own carpenter, blacksmith, tin- 
smith and what-not. 

While the rain pours many things must 
be done that have been pushed back dur- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing busier days. Out in the villages are 
our Christian families and helpers in 
this blessed work. They must have 
houses to live in, and these houses must 
have doors that can be locked lest when 
they return from preaching the Gospel 
they find their food gone. Who but the 
missionary will cut, saw and make doors 
out of the forest trees ? Then our people 
need to be visited and encouraged in 
their homes. We watch for a break in 
the rains, when the streams between us 
and them may be crossed on horseback. 
Finally, a day is selected and the mis- 
sionary starts off on his faithful horse 
and with two or three men. 

The morning was bright, but soon the 
rain begins pouring, and the streams 
swell so rapidly that they can be crossed 
only with great difficulty and danger. 
Meanwhile the missionary's wife is at 
home — anxious? Yes, and praying that 
God may keep and protect. Night comes 
on. The darkness is intense and the 
fast-falling rain makes it seem all the 
darker. We wait and watch, but where 
is the missionary? Our native brethren 
and sisters, who live with us, bow with 
us in prayer and we try, oh, so hard, to 
cast all care upon Him Who does all 
things well. After the rest have gone 
to their own rooms one walks the porch, 
listening, waiting for the absent one. 
Finally the patter of the horse's hoofs 
reach our ears and we praise God anew 
for His keeping power. How He cares 
for His children ! 

All about us the forests become very 
dense and the wild beasts grow bold. 
The tiger comes out, enters a herd of 
cattle in broad daylight and carries off a 
calf or a kid. One evening we met 
one coming out of a ravine on the edge 
of the forest. He turned out a bit into 
the deep grass and they faced us. The 
missionary raised his rifle and fired. The 
beast fell dead near the spot. Again we 
praise our heavenly Father for His pro- 
tecting care. What power but His alone 
can keep back the cobra's deadly sting? 

Perhaps the most interesting feature 
about our work during monsoon is our 
Sunday school. It is interesting and en- 
couraging to see the little ones wading 
mud and water knee deep. During the 
heaviest rains we had our Sunday school 
here at our dwelling instead of at the 
schoolhouse as usual. What a jolly time 
the little ones had after their arrival, 
washing off the mud. It was a pleasure 
to dip the water from the barrel under 
the eaves, and pour it over them. They 
were getting a bath and did not realize 
it. The monsoon days are over, and the 
mighty sun is ruling in all his power. 
The days are full of duties. Our spirits 
rise continually to the Father of us all, 
and we plead that the seed sown day by 
day may spring forth into a bountiful 
harvest. Oh, to see the day when these 
who now sit in darkness may know the 
Light ! Brother, sister, pray that this day 
may be soon, yea, very soon. 

Ahwa, Dang Forests, India. 


Lellu Jallem 


After the silence of a year 
I am asked to write an arti- 
cle for you. The article I 
will entitle " The Bulsar 
Missionary Society." 

During the year 1907 the 
Church felt much about its 
duty towards the non-Chris- 
So the church at Bulsar decided 

on Jan. 1, 1908, to organize a so- 
ciety whose duty should be to preach to 
the heathen. Having Bro. J. B. Em- 
mert for our first moderator and one 
mission boy for the secretary and one 
for the treasurer, the work went on nice- 
ly. Sixty-eight members were enrolled. 
Many of these were young boys. The 

(Continued on Page 44.) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mission Study 

It is very fitting indeed that we should 
study the Agencies, Problems and Re- 
sults of Missions, during the month 
when we have so many valuable con- 
tributions in this same issue, from India. 
They will help us to understand the con- 
ditions of Indian life. During the past 
months we have referred you to no sup- 
plementary helps, believing that you 
would do well, in carefuly studying the 
contents of this book. But since we are 
so far advanced in the work, we believe 
that the lessons of January will prove 
more interesting and helpful by care- 
fully studying the essays from India in 
connection with the text-book. 

No doubt the more you have studied 
this work the more interested you have 
become in the welfare of India's native 
sons and daughters. The problem of 
conquest seems to be difficult but it is 
easy to assure one's self that the " Chris- 
tian Conquest of India " is becoming a 

Lesson IX. Missionary Agencies. 

(Remainder of Chapter VI.) 

1. Briefly review the agencies studied 
last week in order to get the present les- 
son before the mind. 

2. What are some of the arguments 
in favor of medical missionaries? Why 
have they a stronger hold upon the peo- 
ple than the regular missionary? Note 
the doors of opposition that they break 

3. Describe a hospital and an average 
day's work for a doctor in India. This 
subject would be a splendid one to de- 

velop as an essay to be read in a Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting, or special mis- 
sionary program. 

4. When converts are won from 
heathendom there often arises persecu- 
tion and they are driven from home. 
There must, of necessity, be some pro- 
vision made for their livelihood. What 
kind of work has arisen to meet this 

5. Is industrial work successful in 
carrying the gospel ? Is the Hindu nat- 
urally industrious? What are some of 
the ups and downs in this kind of work ? 

6. What place has Philanthropic 
work won in the hearts of the people? 
Is such work a help or a hindrance ? 

7. Recount some of the successes 
won by the various Young People's So- 
cieties of India. 

8. According to this chapter which 
work would you consider must come 
first, — satisfaction of hunger, bodily ills, 
intellectual cravings or the yearnings of 
the heart? Is a person justified in 
spending his precious time in India, in 
work other than evangelistic ? 

Lesson X. Problems. Chapter VII. 
By a close study of this chapter we 
may be led to appreciate some of the 
problems that must necessarily confront 
the person who enters a new land and 
seeks to sow, in virgin soil, the primary 
truths of Christianity. 

1. Why is the question of caste so 
difficult to solve? How may the system 
be supplanted? 

2. Is it easier to elevate the depressed 
classes or to induce the favored ones to 
surrender their special privileges? Give 
an example to prove your side of this 

3. Why does polygamy present such 


The Missionary Visitor 


a problem to the missionary ? What dif- 
ference between the polygamy of Africa 
and India? 

4. If you were a missionary in India 
how would you deal with a polygamous 
man who desired baptism? Would you 
employ " private baptism " under any 
circumstances or require an open confes- 
sion in all cases. 

5. What are some of the results of an 
open confession experienced by many a 
Hindu convert? 

6. To what an extent may the con- 
verts of India be looked upon to con- 
tribute to missions and can we hope to 
soon have them self-supporting? 

7. What are some of the counter 
movements against Christianity? 

8. In what manner is the financial sit- 
uation a problem to missionaries? What 
is your duty regarding giving? Is tith- 
ing obligatory upon us. The success or 
failure of mission work in any country 
must of necessity depend much upon the 
attitude of the home congregations. 

Lesson XL Results. 
(Chapter VIII to Page 237.) 
We have studied the various mission- 
ary activities and the conditions of In- 
dia in general. We are now to study 
and see if there have been results ob- 
tained that are worth while. Study this 
last chapter thoroughly, for in it may 
be discovered the essence of mission ef- 
fort in India. 

1. Materially speaking, what has 
Christianity accomplished in India? 
What influence has the press upon the 
Indian mind? 

2. To how great an extent had mis- 
sionary effort at the end of the first half 
century, permeated the life of India ? At 
the end of the first century? 

3. In what manner, if at all, does 
Christianity change the heathen? Note 
the increased intelligence of the children 
of India Christians. 

4. Give a brief account of the effect 
of missionary work on Indian woman- 
hood and some of the best examples of 
its effect. 

5. Name some of the most notable of 

native leaders and give a brief account of 
their work. 

6. Some may think that mission work 
in the past has been a failure and that 
there has been a " magnificent waste " of 
resources, in converting these people. To 
disprove this statement what argument 
would you advance to show that Chris- 
tianity is a success as far as it has come 
in contact with Indian life. 

7. Does the call for workers not reach 
your heart and bid you prepare to go or 
to send? 

Lesson XII. Results. 

(Remainder of Chapter VIII.) 

1. To the shame of Europeans what 
has been some of the worst hindrances 
to the work of the early missionaries in 
India. Since the time of Dr. Carey what 
change has come over many of the Euro- 
pean colonies in far eastern cities? 

2. What are the Samajes and for 
what purpose are they organized? 

3. What can you say of India's fu- 
ture as foretold by the organization of 
Christian societies by the young natives 
themselves ? 

4. Is the National Missionary Society 
of India of any special significance? 

5. Taking everything into considera- 
tion what is our obligation to those con- 
secrated brethren and sisters who have 
made the sacrifice of friends and home 
and family ties and laid themselves upon 
God's altar of service in India? 

6. Where can be found the greatest 
obstacles to the Evangelization of India? 
Are there any obstructions placed in its 
way by you and your friends ? 

7. To your mind what has been the 
greatest victory won for Christ in this 
heathen country? To what extent will 
the victories already won, tend toward 
making the future assured? 

It will be found beneficial by all who 
are studying this work to take another 
lesson in the review of the book. We 
have not nearly exhausted the content of 
the book and an evening spent in its re- 
view, with much time in prayer will 
prove both profitable and inspiring. 


The Missionary Visitor 



C This number of the Visitor is cheer- 
fully given to the workers in India and 
the reader is assured that every article 
is interesting and valuable. Every one 
should read these pages and become bet- 
ter acquainted with the field in which 
are so many of our American workers 
doing effectual work. 

^^^^ C Readers will be interest- 
B ed in the silhouettes appear- 
V B ing in this issue in connec- 
^P tion with a number of arti- 
jM fe cles. They were prepared 
^^^^^ by Brother Emmert Stover, 
^^ son of Wilbur B. Stover, of 
Ankleshwer, India. He is in 
his early teens but interested in his par- 
ent's work and thought to lend his little 
to the interest of this number. Perhaps 
his little will be one of the more attract- 
ive features of the issue. 

C At the Ankleshwer compound a short 
time ago Mita and Ragwo killed a cobra 
seven and orte-half feet long and weigh- 
ing four pounds. The reptile fought the 
boys and then tried to escape. It is dan- 
gerous to fight a cobra, something the 
missionary rarely undertakes; yet the 
boys were successful and proud of their 

C Dr. Strong of the American Board 
knows how to make an interesting mis- 
sionary almanac, as is again shown by 
the copy for 1909 just received at this 
office. It is brim full of information, for 
the most part concerning the American 
Board of Foreign Missions, but also giv- 
ing valuable compilations of statistics of 
every society of the United States. 

C Yes, the party to India were seasick. 

Crossing the gulf stream in the Atlantic 
tried them. The Mediterranean was 
boisterous. But sick though they be, 
they have assurance that when once on 
land again it is all over. They surely 
were glad when they pulled into harbor 
at Bombay. Their greeting was most 
cordial. <£ & <£ 


(Continued from Page 41.) 

time of the officers expires at the end of 
every three months. Members who 
wished to join this society agreed with 
the following five conditions, namely: 1, 
That they should be willing to preach the 
good tidings at any place as the time per- 
mits ; 2, should be willing to work among 
the Sunday-school children ; 3, should try 
their best to organize new Sunday 
schools ; 4, should preach not only on 
Sundays but also during the rest of the 
week days ; 5, that they should work with 
gladness and with prayerfulness. 

Almost twenty-six villages have been 
visited during the hot season. Then the 
monsoon set in and we were unable to go 
out. Now the monsoon is over and the 
society has begun its work again. Since 
that time we have visited twelve villages 
more. People acknowledge the curse of 
liquor and some of them quit drinking. 

In some villages we are welcomed 
while in somethey have no desire to hear 
even. Generally speaking people hear 
the Gospel, acknowledge it, but have no 
courage to confess Christ before their 
caste men. 

Oh, pray for us, and pray for the peo- 
ple, that they may turn to Christ, their 


The Missionary Visitor 


Financial Report 


I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in 

their charter. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within months after my 



I also give, beqeueath, and devise to the General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possesseb by the Board, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 


If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor, — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as will 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 


Nov. Nov. Apr. -Nov. Apr.-Nov. Dec. Inc. 

1907 1908 1907 1908 

World Wide, $ 255 02 1202 43 13121 01 5725 16 7395 85 

India, 108 55 167 04 2796 14 2255 35 540 79 

Brooklyn M. H., 41 69 15 50 1678 98 225 52 1453 46 

Miscellaneous, 26 75 52 93 338 09 286 07 52 02 

$ 432 01 1437 90 17934 22 8492 10 9442 12 
Bicentennial, 571 29 1041 37 31180 23 30138 86 

$1003 30 1437 90 18975 59 39672 33 

?0696 74 

During the month of November the Breth- 
ren's General Mission Board sent out 79,892 
pages of tracts. 

The Brethren's General Mission Board ac- 
knowledges the receipt of the following dona- 
tions for the month of November, 1908. 


Pennsylvania — $548.88. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Coventry, $28.49; Bearville, $20; 

Spring Grove, $8.09 56 58 


Estate Annie Evans, deceased, $361; 
George Miller, $2; Timna Reuscher, 
$1; Samuel W. Taylor (Marriage No- 
tice), 50 cents, 364 50 

Southern District. Congregations. 

Codorus, $27.09; Waynesboro, $20, 47 09 

"A thankful family," $8; Martha 

Martin, $3.50, 1150 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Spring Run 5 36 


Hannah Puderbaugh, $2; D. C. 
Summy, $1; J. D. Sayster, 50 cents, . 3 50 

Western District, Congregation. 

Meyersdale, 15 85 


Harriet Reed, $20; M. W. Reed, $10; 
J. L. Vought, $8; Mrs. Geo. E. Reitz, 
$1; Mrs. A. Peck, $1; Jonas Yoder, 
$1; I. M. Schrock. $1; Geo. E. Reitz, 
$1; Mrs. C. A. Walker, $1; W. E. Wol- 

ford, 50 cents 44 50 

Virginia-— $144.12. 

First District, Congregations. 

Roanoke City, $50; Topeco, $5.50, 55 50 

Mrs. F. D. Kennett 1 00 

Second District, Congregations. 

Linville Creek, $23.86; Pleasant 
Valley, $21.45; Beaver Creek, $17.48; 
Sangerville, $10.91; Harrisonburg, 


Aid Society. 

Elk Run 


Samuel Shiflett, 

Illinois — $96.05. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Mt. Morris, $48; Pine Creek, $20.88, 

Mrs. W. S. Sanford, $25; Mrs. Eliza 

Wieand, $1 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Conrad Steffen (Marriage Notice), 
50 cents; J. J. Harshbarger (Marriage 
Notice), 50 cents; Rebecca Scrogum, 

17 cents 

Kansas — -$76.99. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. G. Jolitz, $10; I. H. Crist 
(Marriage Notice), 50 cents; Mrs. 

Phebe Slater, 17 cents 

Southeastern District, Individuals. 

N. E. Sowers, $12; Susan Cochran, 
$1; W. B. Sell (Marriage Notice), 

50 cents 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

D. H. Gish and family, $10; B. M. 

Peterson, 8 cents 

Southwestern Dist., Congregations. 

Garden City, $33.24; Pleasant View, 



G. W. Weddle (Marriage Notice), 
Missouri — $71.64. 
Middle District, Congregation^, 

Mineral Creek, 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Mound City, 


I. P. Hollar, 










1 17 

10 67 














The Missionary Visitor 


Texas — $61.25. 

Manvel, $55; Saginaw, $1.25, 56 25 


N. Bowman and wife, 5 00 

Mar y land- r $54.9 1 . 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Maryland Collegiate Institute, 

$19.53; Monocacy, $7.80 27 33 


W. E. Hoop (Marriage Notice), 50 
cents; Thos. E. Albaugh, 8 cents, ... 58 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Welsh Run, $17; Long Meadow, 

$10, 27 00 

Indiana — $49.00. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Salimonie 18 50 


Levi L. and Florence Ulrich, $10; 
Leander Pottenger (Marriage No- 
tice), 50 cents, 10 50 

Southern District, Individual. 

John Heilman 20 00 

Ohio — $30.88. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Chippewa, "... 4 21 


Luther Petry, $5; Mary A. Shroyer, 
$3; "A Brother, New Bedford," $2; 
Amanda Sollenberger, $1; Catharine 
M. Hochstetler, $1; Amanda Winters, 

25 cents, 12 25 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Oakland, 4 42 


J. E. Gnagey, 10 00 

Iowa — $23.08. 

Northern District, Individual. 

A. P. Blough (Marriage Notice), . . 50 
Middle District, Congregation. 

Cedar, 8 00 


S. M. Goughnour (Marriage Notice), 50 

Southern District, Congregation. 

English River 11 00 


C. E. Wolf, $3; Ward Folger, 8 

cents, 3 08 

Nebraska— $17.70. 
Sunday school. 

Bethel 17 70 

Washington — $5.50. 

M. P. Woods, $5; D. M. Click (Mar- 
riage Notice. 50 cents, 5 50 

Wisconsin — $5.43. 
Sunday school. 

Pleasant Hill 5 43 

West Virginia— $5.00. 
First District, Individuals. 

B. F. Wratchford and family, 5 00 

Colorado— $5.00. 


Denver 5 00 

Tennessee — $2.00. 

Jacob and Elizabeth Wine, 2 00 

Oregon — $2.00. 

Anna Reed, 2 00 

Michigan— $1.00. 

Mrs. Emma Vernier, 100 

Minnesota — $0.50. 

J. F. Souders (Marriage Notice), 50 

North Dakota — $0.50. 

D. F. Landis (Marriage Notice), 50 
Canada— $0.50. 


John L. Eby 50 

New Mexico — -$0.50. 

Jacob Wine 50 

Total for the month $1,202 43 

Previously received, 4,522 73 

Total for j^ar so far, $5,725 16 


Pennsylvania— -$34.90. 
Eastern District, Individual. 

Estate Annie Evans, deceased, ... 28 50 
Southern District. 

Annie M. Hollinger's Sunday- 
school Class, 5 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

G. W. Kephart, 1 40 

Nebraska — $30.16. 
Sunday school. 

Bethel, 10 H 


J. E. Young and family, $15; Mary 

H. Hargleroad, $5 20 01 

Kansas— $22.48. 

Northeastern Dist., Aid Society. 

Appanoose 16 01 

Southwestern Dist., Sunday school. 

Slate Creek, 6 48 

Idaho — $13.00. 
Sunday school. 

Fairview 8 01 


"A Brother," 5 0< 

Indiana — $12.00. 
Middle District. 

J. L. Cunningham's Sunday-school 
Class, $6; A. G. Crosswhite's Sunday- 
school Class, $6, 12 01 

Illinois — $9.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

"A Sister," $8; Eld. Michael Claar, 

$1, 9 00 

Maryland — $1.50. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Brownsville, 1 50 

Virginia — $1 .38. 

First District, Sunday school. 

Pleasant View, Home Department, 1 38 

Total for the month $ 124 42 

Previously received 809 07 

Total for year so far . . .$ 933 49 


Virginia — $26.00. 

First District, Congregation. 

Roanoke City, 25 00 

Second District, Congregation. 

Sangerville 1 00 

Kansas — $7.50. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

D. H. Gish and family, 7 50 

California — $4.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Belinda Riley, 4 00 

Michigan— -$3.12. 

Saginaw 3.12 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

G. W. Kephart, 1 00 

Ohio— $1.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Amanda Sollenberger, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 42 62 

Previously received 480 69 

Total for the year so far $ 523 31 


Fenns y 1 van i a — $1 2 .23. 

Southern District, Sunday school. 

Mechanicsburg 11 23 

Middle District, Individual. 

G. W. Kephart 1 00 

Virginia — $10.00. 

First District, Congregation. 

Roanoke City, 10 00' 

Kansas — $7.50. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

D. H. Gish and family 7 50 

Nebraska — $5.15. 

Mary H. Hargleroad, • 5 15 

Ohio — $3.95. 
Northeastern District. 

Mrs. H H. Helman's Sunday-school 

Class, 1 50 


Amanda Sollenberger, 1 00 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

J. W. Krabill, 1 45 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois — $5.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

"A Sister 

North Dakota — $3.10. 


5 00 


Total for the month $ 46 93 

Previously received 146 28 

Total for year so far, $ 193 21 

Idaho — $5.00. 


"A Brother," 

Iowa — $5.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

"A Brother," 

California — $2.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

J. L. Minnich, 

Ohio — $2.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Mary A. Steele, 

Maryland — $1.50. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 


5 00 

5 00 

2 00 

2 00 

1 50 

Total for the month $ 15 50 

Previously received, 210 02 

Total for the year so far $ 225 52 

Ohio — $3.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

John A. Trackler 3 00 

Total for the month $ 3 00 

Total previously received 12 58 

Total for year so far $ 15 58 

Ohio — $1.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Amanda Sollenberger, 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 
Middle District, Individual. 

G. W. Kephart 

1 00 
1 00 

Total amount received $ 2 00 

Previously reported 23 03 

Total for year so far, $ 25 03 


Ohio — $1.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 
Amanda Sollenberger, 

1 00 

Total for the month $ 1 00 

Previously received, 7 00 

Total for year so far $ 8 00 


November 29, 1908. 

Canada. — Abram and Sarah Bock, $4. 

Colorado. — Elizabeth Robinson, $1. 

California. — S. D. Anderson, $2.50. 

Iowa. — M. W. Eikenberry, $5; W. Boylock, 
$5; D. M. Shook, $2; D. M. Dierdorff, $5; Mrs. 
J. H. Royer, $2. 

Illinois. — Lizzie Hummer, $2; J. J. Swartz, 
$5; J. Z. Bechtold, $5; L. A. Wagner and fam- 
ily, $56; Roy Roberts, $10; Barbara M. Culley, 
$2; W. Ditsworth, $1. 

Indiana. — Jane Boone, $3; I. D. and Mima 
Parker, $50; Dorothy and Thorold Geyer, $2; 
Mrs. James Hopper, $2; J. R. Miller, $5; D. A. 
IMertz, $5; Euphamia Grafton, $5; L. H. and 
I Edna Eby, $5. 

Kansas. — A. A. Patterson, $1. 

Michigan. — "Bronson" $2.65; Thornapple 
ichurch, $16.50. 

Montana. — Margaret M. Swank, $1. 

Maryland. — Dan'l Baker, $5; Maple Grove 
church, $9.25; Prof. S. P. Early, $3; C. L. 
Rowland, $1; Pleasant View Sunday School 

and Friends, $22.25; " Mt. Airy," $5; Eld. Geo. 
Rairigh, $20. 

Nebraska. — Grace Miller, $2. 

North Dakota. — J. S. Culp, $10; Joseph 
Reish, $5; Anna M. Gault, $1; Chalmer Berley, 
$5; Ruth Shorb, $2. 

Pennsylvania. — Eld. J. T. Myers, $4; Mr. 
and Mrs. E. Jay Egan, $5; Amanda Weaver, 
$1; Mrs. J. W. Rummel, $1; W. C. Reahm, $2; 
Verna A. Bashore, $5; Mrs. Lewis Berkebile, 
$1; E. E. Hoffman, $1; S. G. Graybill, $5; Eld. 
H. A. Stahl, $3; Elmer and Katharyne Emigh, 
$1; C. J. Foreman, $1; Lizzie B. Becker, $5; 
"Berlin Brother and Sister," $10; G. W. Rep- 
logle, $2; Mary J. Miller, $10; Chickies Hill 
Sunday School, $5; S. E. Balsbaugh, $5; L. B. 
Harshberger and wife, $5; Roaring Springs 
Sunday School, $5; Mary E. Kinsey, $5; Susan 
Trimmer and G. Stauffer, $4; Emma K. Ben- 
ner, $1; Sarah Guyer, $2; Elizabeth Mock, $1; 

D. C. Burkholder, $1; Cyrus B. Replogle, $2; 
Prof. C. C. Ellis, $5. 

Ohio. — J. H. Cook, $1; S. Bock and wife, 
$10; J. Kurts, $10; Logan church, $15. 

Virginia. — Jesse Lee, 50 cents; Harriet 
Broadwater, 50 cents; Wm. J. Gochenour, 50 
cents; Mr. and Mrs. J. Gochenour, $2; Fair- 
view Sunday School, $10.33; W. H. Coneway, 
$1;- F. H. Harvey, $1; D. S. Wampler, $1; 
Maggie Beeghly, $1; Annie and Mattie Roller, 
$2; B. F. Mininger, $25; A. J. Miller and wife, 

Wisconsin. — W. H. Byer and wife, $10. 

South Dakota. — Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Brene- 
man, $5. 

West Virginia. — Mary Frush, $2; Sarah 
Shillingburg, $1; Brookside church, $10.24; 
Thanksgiving offering sent by J. Thomas, $12; 

E. W. Baker, $1; S. F. Burgess, $1; Laura 
Baker, 50 cents; Milton Baker, $1; Ella Baker, 
50 cents; Garfield Wine, $2; E. Mungold, 25 
cents; Ada Amtower, $1; Lillian Moore, $1; 
Eld. John A. Arnold, $1; C. E. Arnold, $1; Two 
Brethren, $1.25; Arrena M. Cosner, 25 cents; 
E. M. Reall, 25 cents; Friends, $2.60; D. Cass- 
ady, $1; Fannie Burgess, $1; A. Johnson, $1; 
C. Hesse, $2; F. Summons, $1; D. Clark, $2; 
N. Ebert, $1; Daisye Grapes, $1; Tearcoat 
church, $4.85; Mrs. G. Haines, 50 cents; 
Letitia Bucklew, 50 cents; Mrs. J. C. Martin, 
$5; J. D. Beery, $2; Calvin Rodgers, - $10; 
Minnie Saville, 50 cents. 

J. Kurtz Miller. 
3582 Sixtieth St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 


Denver, Colo., Nov. 16, 1908. 

Amount of money received by the Church 
of the Brethren toward the building of a 
churchhouse in Denver, Colorado, from Octo- 
ber 1 to November 1, 1908. 

L. P. Kinsell, Denver, Colo., $2; E. S. and 
Susan Rothrock, Carlisle, Nebr., $10; W. C. 
Miller, Carleton, Nebr., $10; H. E. Beaver, 
Adel, Iowa, $1; Isaac Shelly, Ollie, Iowa, $2.50. 
Collected by I. Cripe: Susan E. Altland, $1; 
A. Strohm, 25 cents; A. D. Miller and wife, 
$1; Willard Shoup, $3; John Hoovens, $1; Sis- 
ter Fanny Werner, $3; A. J. Miller, $1; Dan'l 
Logan, $1; Andrew Keim and family, $2; D. D. 
Bolinger, $1; Ira Weaver, $1; Frank Hoover, 
50 cents; Levi Weaver, $1; Yost Shrock, $1; 
Sam'l Barto, 50 cents; Henry Hout, $1; J. L. 
Mishler, $1; J. J. Troyer, $1; John Zimmer- 
man, 50 cents; B. S. Berkey, 50 cents; Clyde 
Cripe, 50 cents; Chancey Berkey, $1; Eli Y. 
Shrock, $1; Dan'l Bollinger, $1; John C. Karch, 
$1; Emma Schert and mother, 50 cents; A. 
Haines, $1. Brethren and Sisters, Bronson, 
Mich., $4.50; H. B. Johnston, Bavaria, Iowa, 
$2.50. Collected by S. A. Honberger: D. F. 
Reed, 50 cents; Levi Reed, $1; G. H. Allen, 
$1; J. K. Allen, $5; G. W. Burn, $2; J. B. Allen, 
$2; Hattle Allen, $2; W. H. Allen, $1; A. E. 
Shuler, $1; A. F. McKinney, $1; Wm. Lawson, 
5 cents; H. W. Robison, $2; J. E. Ralston, 
50 cents; R. H. Gleesner, 50 cents; Bernice 
Ashmore, $1; John L. Monderbaugh, $1; John 
Fouts, $2; Sam'l Hershey, $2. L. F. Myers, 
Denver, Colo., $2; Mr. and Mrs. Orlo E. 
Messamer, Adel, Iowa, $5; -»D. W. Badger, 
Adel, Iowa, $5; Nancy A. Smith, Batavia. 
Iowa, $10; Orlando Ogden, Unionville, Iowa, 
$2.50. Collected by I. Cripe: Maranda Culp, 
25 cents; English Prairip church, $2.38; Ship- 


The Missionary Visitor 


shewana congregation, $2; Cedar Creek con- 
gregation, $7.50; St. Joe Valley congregation, 
$3; Pleasant Hill congregation, $7; J. R. Keiff, 
$1; I. D. Parker, $5; CaL A. Forney, $1; E. P. 
Peffly, $1; R. Trimmer, $1; Harvey Andrews, 
$1. B. P. Brubaker, Lyons, Kans., $5; M. A. 
Miller, Solomon, Kans., $2.50. Collected by 
S. A. Honberger: A. S. Baker and wife, $5; 
Ollie Lorgensen, $5; Eli, Laura and Delilah 
Baker, $15; Willow Creek Sunday School, 
$3.15; Grant Looker, $5; C. J. Kindred, $5; 

Mary Heagley, $2; S. Harldson, $5; Hurst, 

$5; T. E. Thompson, $3; J. G. Stauffer, $1; 
J. Foft, $1; Elizabeth Nicodemus, $1; E. L. 
Yeoman, $1; Scott Wingert, $1; Geo. Atkin- 
son, $5; Bikey Atkinson, $2; Anna Graham, 
$1. West Thornapple, Sunday School, Alto, 
Mich., $5.38; Katharine Boyer, Kent, 111., $5; 
C. W. Benz, Unionville, Iowa, $1; E. Erickson, 
$2; C. C. Sherfey, Avoca, Nebr., $10; Annie B. 
Barnhizer, Mt. Morris, 111., $10; John B. Beck- 
ner, Overbrook, Kans., $11; J. C. Seibert, 
Cando, N'orth Dakota, $2; S. W. and Ida E. 
Book, Adel, Iowa, $2; Mary R. Hover, Spencer, 
Ohio, $5; H. M. Lauver, Chicago, 111., $5; J. M. 
Elliott, Rocky Ford, Colo., $5; Harriett McCoy, 
McPherson, Kans., $1; Melina Spidel, La Junta, 
Colo., $1.50. Collected by I. Cripe: Aaron 
Hess, $1; Perry Berkey, 50 cents; Susan Rigle, 
$5; John J. Cripe, $1; David Stutsman, $1.25; 
Daniel Gorsuch, $1; Jacob Gorsuch, $1; Eli 
Wenger, $1; Christian Metzler, $2; Jacob Metz- 
ler, $2; Levi Pletcher, 25 cents; John Loucks, 
$1.50; H. M. Swalm, $2. Collected by S. A. 
Honberger: Henry Sheeler, $1; T. J. Yoeman, 
$1.25; E. J. Beeghly, $6; Frank Lehman, 50 
cents; Wm. H. Lehman, $1; B. F. Dragoo, $2; 
J. J. Schechter, $5; W. H. Mondabaugh, $2; 
John Beeghly, $2; Peter Sommer, $2; Ruth 
Bowser, " one-tenth of what child had in her 
bank," 1 cent; C. E. Delp, $5; Samuel Bowser, 
$2.50; Worthington Sunday School, $1.04; 
Worthington Church, $3.92; Joseph House, 50 
cents; W. S. Ramer, $1. R. G. Mohler, Lyons, 
Kans., $10; W. F. Dellenbach, Beattie, Kans., 
$2; Laura Foft, Kingsley, Iowa, $1. 

H. F. Caylor, Secretary and Treasurer 
Building and Fund Committee. 

165 S. Clarkson St., Denver, Colo. 


During the month of November the follow- 
ing contributions were received and credited 
under the name of the one making remittance 
although in most instances the entire Sunday- 
school took part in the giving. 

Indiana. — E. E. Eikenbary, Logansport, 
$1.50; Howard Dickey, Rochester, $2.65; Amos 
Freed, Claypool, $8; Amanda Shidler, Moultrie, 
$11.28; Mrs. J. F. Whitehead, Muncie, $4. 

Illinois. — Mae Eichelberger, Naperville, $10; 
R. C. Stambaugh, Astoria, $21.80. 

North Dakota. — J. B. Deardorff, Brumbaugh, 
$2; Geo. C. Long, Zion, $23.20. 

Ohio. — Eva Ullery, Covington, $1; Jerome 
Kintner, Sherwood, $7. 

West Virginia. — Job M. Corner, Bismark, $4. 

Michigan. — Minnie Bright, Scottville, $8.10. 

Iowa. — Mrs. Jennie B. Miller, Robins, $1.50. 

Pennsylvania. — W. W. Cupp, Somerset, $2.05 

Collections, Extension No. 2, $8.67. 

Birthday Collections, Extension No. 2, $6.22. 

On Bills receivable, $75. 

Interest, $7.73. 

Total received, $205.70. 

The following children are reported as hav- 
ing taken part in the collections sent in from 
their respective schools. They deserve words 
of praise for their zealous efforts in this work. 

Moultrie, Ohio. — Forest Culler, $1.25; Altus 
Oyster, $1.25; Merle Culler, 75 cents; Charles 
Hahn, 50 cents; Lucy Hahn, 50 cents; Teacher, 
Amanda Shidler, $1. 

Muncie, Indiana. — Luke Rarick, 50 cents; 
Paul Studebaker, 40 cents; Mary Studebaker, 
35 cents; Joseph Whitehead, 50 cents; Robert 
Whitehead, 50 cents; Bernice Cassell, 50 cents. 

Zion, N. Dak. — Merrill Smeltzer, chickens, 
$1.25; Elmer Smeltzer, chickens, $1.25; Galen 
Kesler, 10 cents; Raymond Kesler. 10 cents; 
Ethel Burkhart, peas, 75 cents; Lolo Burk- 
hart, parsnips, $1; Katie Burkhart, parsnips, 
$1; Ora Burkhart, potatoes, $1.50; Ira Wagen- 

man, chickens, $2.15; Dora Wagenman, chick- 
ens, $1.40; Floyd Wagenman, potatoes, 75 
cents; (Floyd died August 7th and is now 
reaping* a sweeter harvest than this earth 
can ever produce); John Saylor, potatoes, 
$1.13; Wilma Saylor, potatoes, $1.12; David 
Strong, potatoes, $3.50; Owen Strong, potatoes, 
$3.50; Bernice Strong, chickens, 50 cents; 
Verona Lichty, potatoes, $1.10; Zerlina Lichty, 
potatoes, $1.10. 

Chas. W. Eisenbise, Treasurer. 
860 S. Clifton Park Ave., Chicago. 

# # £ 


Lead on, O King Eternal, 

The day of march has come; 
Henceforth in fields of conquest 

Thy tents shall be our home. 
Through days of preparation 

Thy grace has made us strong, 
And now, O King Eternal, 

We lift our battle song. 

Lead on, O King Eternal, 

Till sin's fierce war shall cease, 
And holiness shall whisper 

The sweet "Amen" of peace; 
For not with swords loud clashing, 

Nor roll of stirring drums; 
With deeds of love and mercy, 

The heavenly kingdom comes. 

Lead on, O King Eternal; 

We follow, not with fear; 
For gladness breaks like morning 

Where'er thy face appears; 
Thy cross is lifted o'er us; 

We journey in its light: 
The crown awaits the conquest; 

Lead on, O God of might. 

—Ernest W. Shurleff. 


Don't you wish the world were better? 

Let me tell you what to do: 
Set a watch upon your actions, 

Keep them always straight and true. 
Rid your mind of selfish motives, 

Let your thoughts be clean and high; 
You can make a little Eden 

Of the sphere you occupy. 

Do you wish the world were wiser? 

Well, suppose you make a start 
By accumulating wisdom 

In the scrapbook of your heart. 
Do not waste one page on folly; 

Live to learn and learn to live; 
If you want to give men knowledge, 

You must get it ere you give. 

Do you wish the world were happy? 

Then remember day by day 
Just to scatter seeds of kindness 

As you pass along the way. 
For the pleasure of the many 

May be ofttimes traced to one, 
As the hand that plants the acorn 

Shelters armies from the sun. 

— Youth's Companion. I 

Three Great Sunday-School Helps 

To the International Lessons for 1 909 

The Gist of the Lesson 

By R. A. Torrey 

Vest Pocket Size 

Bound in Leatherette 

25c postpaid 

TarbelFs Teachers' 

By Martha Tarbell, Ph. D. 

The Besr of the Kind on the 
Sunday-School Lessons 

Substantial *« t C Post- 
Cloth $1.15 paid 

Peloubet's Select Notes 

386 Pages 

A Commentary on the International 

S. S. Lessons For 1909. By Rev. 

F. N. Peloubet, D. D.. and 

Prof. Amos R. Wells, M. A. 

Cloth $1.25 Postpaid 


— -*t 

Sunday-School Lesson Bible Chart 

for 1909 

C The accompanying cut shows a 
reduced facsimile of one page of 
13x20 inches, 60 pages. When 
hung on the wall the large print 
can be read at a distance of 10 to 
15 feet. 

C The Golden Text, Memory 
Verses, and some of the headings 
are printed in red — the rest in blue. 

C It contains all of the Sunday- 
school Lessons for 1909. 
C Each page contains the full text 
of one of the lessons — The Golden 
Text, The Home Readings, Three 
Teaching Points, Subject and 
Scripture Reference. 

C The Books of the Bible are ar- 
ranged in Groups, for memorizing. 

C There are 4 pages of songs. Four songs to a page. One page for 
each quarter. Sixteen soul-stirring songs printed in regular song sheet 

Order a few copies for the members of your Home Department 

Price, postpaid, 50 Cents 

Elgin, Illinois 

The Inglenook 

How About Your Renewal? 

If you have not sent in your renewal to the 
INGLENOOK for 1909 do so at once so that you 
may not need to miss even one chapter of H. M. 
A CENT." During the past few weeks the 
INGLENOOK has found many new friends, and is 
very desirous of renewing all old acquaintances. 

The Editor and a strong corps of Contributors 
plan to make this the best all-round dollar magazine 
in the field. 

How About Your Friends? 

Do they know how much they are missing by not 
subscribing for the INGLENOOK? 

Why not send the paper for a year to one of your 

It will cost but ONE DOLLAR to have it reach 
them each week for 12 months. It will be appre- 
ciated by both old and young. Send us the address 
of 10 friends who do not read the INGLENOOK 
and we will send them sample copies. 


Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, in. 

Contents for February, iqoq. 


Comments, 72 


How I Came to Be a Missionary to India, By S. N. McCann, 49 

Chinese Superstition, and the Boxer Troubles, By F. H. Crumpacker, 50 

A Great Revival in China, By George W. Hilton, 52 

A View From Our City Wall, By Emma Horning, 55 

First Experiences, By Ida Himmelsbaugh, 56 

Getting Home, By Eliza B. Miller, 57 

Paul Saadulla, By W. B. Stover, 59 

Are Hindus Idolaters? By I. S. Long, 60 

A Bit of Conversation on the Railroad Train, By C. H. Brubaker, 62 

Is It Worth While? By J. A. Buffenmyer, 64 

" Will God Hold Us Guiltless? " By N. N. Garst, 65 

Why This Waste? .65 

South Los Angeles Church, By C. W. Guthrie, 68 




The Missionary Visitor 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, Illinois. The third Wednesday in April, August 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Virginia. and December. 

L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Indian?.. Address all communications to the 


Washington, D. C. BOARD, 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kansas. Elgin, Illinois. 

Subscription Terms 

Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in 
reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board, 

Elgin, Illinois, U.S.A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the post office at Elgin, Illinois. 

The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XI 

February, 1909 

Number 2 


S. N. McCann 

EN I was elected to the minis- 

try in the old Indian Camp 
church, W. Va., thirty-two years 
ago this October, my plans for the 
future were different. I *at first felt 
I could not accept the charge — felt that 
I would rather leave the church than 
enter the awfully responsible work of 
the ministry. I felt that I was not 
ready for a work of so much impor- 
tance. I felt and said that if the church 
would just wait I would be willing to 
do the work later. I even said that I 
would leave the church rather than ac- 
cept the ministry. The brethren replied, 
" When you want to come back to the 
church, you will come with this charge 
upon you." I gave up and determined to 
give my whole life to the Lord. I even 
felt and thought that I would never mar- 
ry, that I might more fully give my en- 
tire time to the work of the Lord. 

Experience and time taught me that, 
constituted as I was, it would be best to 
seek a life partner. However, the one 
purpose to do the Lord's will has ever 
dominated my life. I have ever tried to 
hold myself in readiness to do whatever 
and to go wherever duty pointed. 

I make no unchangeable plans, but al- 
ways try not to run away from work. I 
am always happiest when I have plenty 
to do, and as a result I have not had 
many very unhappy hours in my life. 
My failure to conquer known sins, to en- 
tirely get the victory over fallen nature, 
gave me many unhappy struggles, but 

realizing that my works were a failure 
and that I in Christ alone could press on 
from victory to victory, I do not despair. 

When Bro. James R. Gish met me at 
one of our Annual Meetings and said to 
me, " I would like some one to come with 
me to Arkansas and do mission work 
among the' people of the Southland," I 
said, " I have just arranged to travel as 
a commercial salesman for an eastern 
house." (A bill of goods had already 
been ordered, which were disposed of at 
some sacrifice.) 

Bro. Gish said to me, " All I can prom- 
ise you is plenty of hard work and a 
willingness "on your part to help bear 
your own expenses. My home will be 
your home if you come," said our dear 
Bro. Gish. I went. After a stay of 
about eighteen months malarial condi- 
tions necessitated a change of climate for 
me. I finally took up work in the Bridge- 
water College. Work on special Bible 
lines became a necessity at the college 
and I took a leave of absence and entered 
the Southern Baptist Theological Sem- 
inary of Louisville, Ky., to prepare for 
this work. 

After spending two years in the sem- 
inary the Mission Board asked me to go 
to India. My plans were entirely differ- 
ent. In one more year I had expected to 
finish the course at the seminary and 
take up Bible work at Bridgewater Col- 
lege. Bible work was and is my special 
delight. After the Mission Board asked 
me to go to India I reasoned thus : " The 


The Missionary Visitor 


school can easily get some one to take my 
place in Bible work, but it is harder to 
get some one to go to India." I gave up 
my school work at a sacrifice greater than 
is easily told. The brethren at Bridge- 
water reluctantly consented to my chang- 
ing their program for a teacher. 

I had never specially thought of India 
as a field for me, but I tried to be ready 
for the Lord's call. I felt and still feel 
that the Lord often calls His children to 
their work through the church. Had the 
Board asked me to go to Africa, to China, 
or to any other needy place, I am sure 
that I would have gone just as readily as 
I went to India. 

I love the work in India. I love the 
work in the homeland. Necessity seems 

to point at this time for me to give up 
India for this year. My arrangements 
were nearly completed for sailing, but 
necessity has ordered differently. I sub- 
mit willingly, believing that what little 
we can do in life, if done for the Lord, 
is acceptable here or there. 

If I had set my heart wholly upon my 
plans I would never have been a mis- 
sionary. I am happy in allowing the 
Lord to direct my work. I do not regret 
that I have tried to be submissive to His 
calls through the church. I tremble to 
think what I might have been if I had 
set myself upon my own plans. 

May I ever be willing to go, or to do 
what the Lord directs is still my prayer. 

Oct. 23, 1908. 


F. H. Cmmpacker 

IT might be of interest to the home 
church to know that a large part of 
the cause for the massacres of 1900 
in China can be traced to this evil. The 
immediate cause of the uprising in Shansi 
was the fact that a Governor had been 
removed to this Province from another 
where the foreigners had been very ac- 
tive in getting him removed. This an- 
gered the official and gave him what is 
called here an anti-foreign feeling. 

He organized a band that was after- 
wards called the Boxers. Their real pur- 
pose was to run out all of the foreigners 
from China. 

In the Province of Shansi the people 
were very quiet and had always loved the 
missionaries. This was universally true 

as far as this Province was concerned. 

There had been great famine in this 
Province for a year and now that the 
rainy season had come again and no rain 
was coming, the people were suffering 
terribly and even many were dying. Just 
at this very trying time this bad Gover- 
nor that had been removed from another 
Province got the appointment to this one. 
It was at a time when the people had 
nothing to do on their farms. They gath- 
ered together to talk of the reasons that 
appeared to them why the famine was 
coming upon them at such a terrible rate. 
The Governor and his followers, the Box- 
ers, took advantage of this splendid time 
to foster superstition. They at once got 
into these great crowds of farmers that 


The Missionary Visitor 


were together for no good purpose and 
began to tell them that the presence of 
the foreigners hindered the rain gods 
from doing their work effectually. The 
priests had exhausted every means of 
sacrifice and incense burning to the gods 
so it is really no wonder that they would 
take up with anything that seemed, to 
their ignorant minds, to be in the way of 
the real working of the powers of the 
gods. Many of the people were slow at 
first in the face of even this to take up 
with the Boxers, for they remembered 
how that it had been but a few years 
since the foreigners had done so much 
for them in the time of another famine 
which had visited them. This supersti- 
tious idea made the massacre of more 
than 160 of God's messengers possible. 
At least this was a great helper in the 

Wherever the officials asserted their 
authority the missionaries were protected 
and sent to the coast. Thus one can 
hardly say that it was the scum class en- 
tirely that did the work. This old Gov- 
ernor at Tai-Yuan-Fu was present at the 
time of the cruel deed there and gave 
the soldiers orders with his own mouth. 
One of China's higher officials, when he 
heard that the Governor had stooped so 
low, exclaimed "Abominable ! " 

The Boxers and all were cowards for 
there is evidence that at all places where 
the missionaries were promised protec- 
tion to the coast they were asked to wear 
handcuffs so that the natives would look 
upon them as prisoners and not molest 
them. This now is easily explained for 
with scarcely an exception those who 
were thus promised protection were not 
more than outside of the city gates till 
they were fallen upon by Boxers who had 
easy victims. It was all a plot of the 
Boxers and the officials usually gave their 
consent in order to hold their office. 

The wonderful thing of it all is that 
in all of the books that are written on 
these terrible times there is scarcely a line 
to show that the missionaries used carnal 
weapons. Very few if any cases at all. 

They poured out their prayers to God 
and then poured out their blood for His 
cause. Bravery of the martyr's kind was 
in evidence all over the Empire. 

This was not limited to the for- 
eign missionaries, for though in spite of 
the public offers that were made to the 
natives that if they would give up their 
Christ and go back to idol worship they 
would be protected, in spite of these of- 
fers many of them suffered martyrdom 
for their Christ. 

The torture that they were put to was 
in many places past description. Several 
accounts are shown where a mother was 
caring for a newborn babe and the in- 
fant was snatched from her arms and 
thrown into the flames of the burning 
house and she was then dragged and 
thrown into the same flame. Brethren, 
this was done by people who do not know 
that there is a Christ. These who went 
so bravely to the martyrs' crown are 
testimonies of the living power of a liv- 
ing Savior. 

The foreigners who were fortunate 
enough to escape often suffered untold 
miseries. A few days ago I talked with 
a veteran missionary who was in flight 
when his wife was overcome with ex- 
haustion and died in the scorching sun. 
The party stopped long enough to have a 
little service and then wrapping her in a 
blanket laid her away to await the resur- 
rection morning. They then hastened for 
they were pursued by the Boxers. Two 
children died in the fright and flight. 
They had all the tenderness that could 
be given them in such times and then the 
party hurried to the river and were just 
out on the boats when the mob came up. 
One thinks of Moses fleeing from Pha- 

Another instance is where the hus- 
band and wife were fleeing and the hus- 
band was overcome by the heat and ex- 
citement only a short distance from the 
river which was the boundary line be- 
tween this and another Province where 
the troubles had not yet broken out. This 
young wife dragged him to the river and 


The Missionary Visitor 


got him in the boat and had him ferried 
over and scarcely had they landed when 
he went to his reward. 

A young- wife and others were fleeing 
and on the way she gave birth to a babe 
which lived but a little while and though 
the party reached safety the mother died 
in a few days. Such was the lot of many 
whose lives were being lived for the 

This kind of life was the missionaries' 
in China a few years ago, but from all 
appearance the change is for the better, 
made possible by the Empire being 

bathed in the blood of the disciples of the 

Nothing like it will hardly ever come 
again for China is a different China than 
she was fifteen years ago. Brethren, will 
you now come to aid this people as they 
are trying to get loose from this terrible 
superstition and idolatry that has done 
such terrible work for the Devil? May 
the Lord lead the home church to see her 
opportunity and inspire her to be coming 
day by day to China to help in the estab- 
lishing of the Kingdom of God here in 
our alloted territory. Join us in prayer. 


Geo. W. Hilton 

IN the early part of the year 1908 
there began a great revival in Korea 
and Manchuria. This revival wave 
has now been going on in different parts 
of North China for about two months. 
It is such an awakening as the church at 
home has needed for years. It is what 
the native church has needed since mis- 
sion work in China first began here. The 
Holy Spirit is causing men and women to 
feel that the Christ life is a sinless life. 

The man whom God has chosen to 
awaken China to this ideal is a Mr. Go- 
forth, of the Irish Presbyterian Mission. 
He took part in the great awakening in 
Korea and there felt the call to this kind 
of revival work. He next went to Man- 
churia and there the Spirit manifested 
itself in a marvelous way. (John 16: 8: 
And he, when he is come, will convict the 
world in respect of sin, and of righteous- 
ness, and of judgment.) And again the 
Scripture says that judgment must be- 
gin at the house of God. This is a part 
of the Holy Spirit's mission and we can 
look for a deep conviction of sin to be 
felt whenever the Holy Spirit's power is 
made manifest. 

The native church in China as well as 
that in India has a very low standard of 
Christianity. Envy, strife, hatred, lying, 

petty thieving, etc., are a very common 
thing among the native Christians. This 
is part of their nature and they have felt 
that no harm was done as long as their 
sins remained hid from their fellow-men. 
But the revival in Manchuria, with the 
revelations that it brought, has changed 
this idea of religion. 

Mr. Goforth visited some of the prin- 
cipal mission stations in Manchuria and 
there told his message, the burden of 
which was, " Not by might, nor by pow- 
er, but by my Spirit, saith Jehovah of 
hosts," Zech. 4: 6. These places caught 
the fire and there was much heart-search- 
ing and confession of sins, followed by 
great spiritual blessings and renewed zeal 
for the cause, which brought in many 
converts. For where there is such heart- 
searching among Christians there must 
be an awakening among others. 

To these meetings in Manchuria came 
the native evangelists from the different 
outstations who had heard of the working 
of the Spirit. They, too, caught the fire 
and took the revival back to their own 
stations. In this way the wave spread, 
as the ripples spread, when a stone is cast 
into the water, until all Manchuria has 
received an awakening. Then the call 
came for Mr. Goforth to work in North 


The Missionary Visitor 


China proper. Here there have been the 
same manifestations of the Spirit's pow- 
er, bringing with it confession of wrong- 
doings, accompanied by volumes of 
prayer for forgiveness. 

The work is now at its height in the 
province of Shan-Si, where we are locat- 
ed. I think it one of the greatest priv- 
ileges of my Hie to attend one of these 
revivals held in the Baptist chapel in this 
place the past week. Mr. Goforth came 
last Sunday and a large number of work- 
ers and native Christians came to Tal- 
Yuan-Fu to attend it, some of them fifty 
miles. I have attended the meetings for 
the purpose of satisfying myself as to 
the reality of the work that was said to 
be done. 

The first two days nothing out of the 
ordinary happened. Mr. Goforth spoke 
from such texts as " The effectual fervent 
prayer of a righteous man availeth much 
in its working " ; " God is strong and able 
to deliver," and the text that seemed the 
most powerful was Rom. 8 : 26, "And in 
like manner the Spirit also helpeth our 
infirmity : for we know not how to pray 
as we ought ; but the Spirit himself mak- 
eth intercession for us with groanings 
which cannot be uttered." You could 
see that the Spirit was working, and at 
the close of the address there was a call 
to prayer. 

And such a prayer meeting I never 
witnessed before. About twenty led in 
prayer and each prayer was a confes- 
sion of personal sins with a prayer for 
forgiveness. Finally an old deacon came 
forward and asked permission to speak. 
He said that he had a confession to make ; 
that he had passed as a good Christian, 
but was unworthy of the name. Then he 
broke out in a pitiful wail, as he told of 
how he had denied his Lord in 1900 by 
taking out a recantation tablet. This was 
a case of life or death with him. To deny 
his Lord meant to escape the terrible 
death by torture that the Boxers meted 
out to those who would not recant. As 
he told his story of denial he burst into 
tears. This was the signal for other con- 
fessions and for fully an hour the Chinese 

church wailed out their wrong doings as 
one man. Such weeping I never heard. 
It seems to me that such will be the wail 
of lost souls at the judgment day, when 
they shall cry for the rocks and the hills 
to fall on them, to hide them from the 
presence of the Lord. 

As I saw these strong men (three or 
four hundred of them) weeping as one 
man because of their personal sins, and 
making such confessions through the 
conviction of the Spirit, as no amount of 
torture could have wrung from their lips 
(for the Chinaman loves his face, or his 
reputation, above all else), I was remind- 
ed of David's words : "A broken and a 
contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not de- 
spise." Surely this applies to the Chinese 
Christians just at this time, who are bro- 
ken-hearted because of sin. And I 
thanked God for His promise, that " if 
we confess our sins, he is faithful and 
righteous to forgive us our sins and to 
cleanse us from all unrighteousness." 
1 John 1 : 9. 

After this the meetings were very spir- 
itual. They only lasted four days, but 
each day was full. They had three serv- 
ices lasting from three to four hours 
each, and not a dull moment. Even the 
boys ten or twelve years old did not get 
restless during these long meetings. I 
was made to wonder how many Ameri- 
can boys could sit on a bench without a 
back, with their feet hanging above the 
floor, for this length of time. Men and 
women, some of them leaders in the Chi- 
nese church, confessed to all sorts of 
crimes, such as murder, adultery, steal- 
ing, lying, denials of Christ (mostly at 
the Boxer time), unfaithfulness to Chris- 
tian duties, etc. Some of them I shall 
give as I got them from Mr. Sowerby, 
who interpreted them to me, for we could 
understand nothing of the words spoken, 
but we could not mistake the workings of 
the Spirit. 

At one of the first meetings an able 
worker from the province of Chi-Li con- 
fessed to having passed a bad coin at the 
Mission bookstore, thinking that this 
would relieve his burdened heart, but it 


The Missionary Visitor 


did not, and all could see that he was 
holding something back. At a later meet- 
ing he confessed to adultery* murder, and 
dishonesty, but this did not satisfy him. 
He must make a clean sweep, so at the 
last meeting he confessed that he had 
made his home anything but what it 
ought to be, in relation to his family. 

Another worker, who has been a saint- 
ly man for twenty years, confessed that 
at the Boxer time, although he himself 
was not afraid, he did not object to his 
cousin taking out protection papers for 
the family. He said also that he had 
helped to settle the indemnity with the 
authorities. He was offered the sum of 
100 taels in a manner that looked like a 
bribe. It was against his better judg- 
ment, but he finally accepted it, but after- 
wards his conscience hurt him and he 
gave it all away. He had also become 
angry at members of his family because 
they would not believe. He said he had 
offended one of the professors at the col- 
lege by calling him a savage, but had 
begged his pardon and been forgiven, but 
he now wanted to confess that he should 
never have used the word at all. He 
seemed to think that one of his great sins 
had been in thinking too highly of him- 
self as a righteous man. 

Another, a native evangelist named 
Wang-Pei-Kuei, who has done a big 
work in this mission, said that in all his 
preaching there had been too much of 
self; that instead of preaching Christ he 
had been preaching himself. A lady 
teacher in one of the government schools 
wept as she told of how she had a love 
for money, and that although she was the 
only one in the school who knew the gos- 
pel message, she had never confessed it 
to any one. Chan-Cheng-Hung, a fine 
worker, says that in all his work he had 
been self-willed. 

One of the hospital helpers said that 
he had often been impatient with the pa- 
tients and helpers, and often been angry 
with them. He also had a love for wine, 
and could not leave it alone. He asked 
that they pray that he might overcome 
his wine and tobacco habits. A young 

evangelist wept bitterly as he said that 
there was not a commandment that he 
had not broken. After confessing and 
praying he fell on his knees with his face 
in his hands and remained there for near- 
ly an hour, broken-hearted and weeping 
like a child. 

One woman, the wife of the leading 
Christian at Ping- Yang, who had been 
at the meetings there but had not con- 
fessed, told how she had worshiped idols 
at the Boxer time, in order to escape the 
persecution. Her husband then confessed 
that he had permitted this, and then when 
the missionaries returned after the trou- 
ble he had boasted to them of his firm- 
ness during the persecution. 

These instances will show what was 
the nature of their confessions. It should 
be kept in mind also that this revival 
took place in the very center of the Boxer 
district, the leader of the movement being 
Governor of this province and residing in 
this city. It was by his command that 
142 missionaries suffered martyrdom, 
and twenty-two or twenty-three of them 
were put to death in his own dooryard 
within a few blocks of the chapel where 
this great meeting was held. They were 
besieged for several days in the same 
compound where the chapel was built, 
the former mission buildings having all 
been destroyed by the Boxers. Today 
the new Governor is the best kind of a 
man, a true friend of all missionaries, and 
often dines with them. Upon our arrival 
here he visited Mr. Sowerby to find out 
what kind of people we were, and wheth- 
er we ought to be allowed to stay in the 

I give this to show the changed atti- 
tude of officials and people in Shan-Si. 
All things work together for good. The 
Lord buries His workman, when his 
mission is accomplished, but He carries 
on His work. What seemed to the out- 
side world to be a great damper on mis- 
sion work has really proved a great bless- 
ing to China, having thrown her doors 
wide open to mission work. Who will 
come and help fill the broken ranks? 

Tai-Yuan-Fu, Shan-Si, China. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Emma Horning 

COME take a walk on our city wall. 
The air is pure and the way is 
clear — a great improvement over 
the usual narrow crowded streets. Tis 
about fifty-five feet high and requires a 
little exertion to reach the top, but when 
once up you have a walk about thirty 
feet wide. The outside is walled up with 
their large bricks while the inside is a 
great bank of earth. For further protec- 
tion a great moat surrounds the city just 
outside the wall. 

What a good view of our city and sur- 
rounding country! On the west some 
miles away rises a great range of moun- 
tains similar to the " Rocky " range. On 
the east nearer by lie barren hills and 
rugged land. All the surrounding valley 
is dotted closely with small walled vil- 
lages where the farmers live who culti- 
vate the valley. There is very little nat- 
ural vegetation and at present the valley 
looks more barren than the sage brush re- 
gions of the " Rockies." 

Now look at the city beneath you 
where live perhaps fifty thousand people 
— from ten to thirty living in each house. 
See the great wall in the form of a two- 
mile square surrounding it. Two great 
carved gates on each side rise far above 
any structure in the city. They are the 
fortresses of the city. Each corner of 
the wall has its fortress also. 

Within are four square miles of one- 
story, round tile roofed houses, all of 
them having the Chinese curve in them. 
Most of the tiles are clay color, but once 
in a while they are relieved by a few blue 
glazed tiles for decoration. Here and 
there a beautifully carved gateway, raised 
to the honor of some distinguished per- 
son, lifts its tiles above the surrounding 
ones. The highest point inside the walls 
is the great tower of the cathedral near 
the north gate. Here the Catholics have 

a large compound. Many heathen tem- 
ples are seen all through the city with 
their many gateways and large bells. 

Quite a few trees rise from courtyards 
and streets above the tiling. These trees 
look to be very old and are well protect- 
ed. If the limb of a tree comes in the 
way of a building, instead of taking off 
the limb the roof is built around the limb. 
Many in their great age are propped up 
with stone slabs and other material. A 
tree is not cut down so long as a green 
leaf reveals any life in it. This is not 
to be wondered at when you remember 
that a green yard is never seen and all 
streets are either rock or dust or mud. 

This is the capital of this province, 
Shansi. So here live the Governor and 
the many officers of the province. A 
great many soldiers are stationed here 
who do good service as policemen. Ev- 
ery few rods on every street stands a sol- 
dier, gun in hand. Here he stands like 
a statue until some disorder prevails 
when he is on hand to see that peace is 

The watchful eye of the policeman is 
still not enough to satisfy them for 
through the gates of each home you see 
the little god in the niche in the wall. He 
is stationed there to watch the actions of 
the household, then to return to heaven 
once a year to report what he has seen. 
Still further to protect the city from evil, 
especially evil spirits, two great pagodas 
tower toward heaven a couple of miles 
southeast of the city. Who could be bet- 
ter protected than we in this city? Or 
would you prefer to be protected by 
America's God on American soil ? 

Perhaps we now have sufficiently ex- 
tended our walk, but it is with reluctance 
we change this view for that of a small 
courtyard with only the sky above. 

Tai-Yiian-Fu, China. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Ida Himmelsbaugh 

WE left Port Said at 2 A. M., 
Nov. 25. During the early 
morning hours it is too dark 
to distinguish any objects, but as soon 
as it is light we see that the canal is 
very narrow, much more so than we had 
anticipated. On the one side we see a 
railroad track and at some distance apart 
are telegraph stations. There are a few 
buildings, some trees and palms, other- 
wise there is nothing to be seen but sand 
as far as the eye can see. So these little 
stations with their green foliage are very 
restful to the eye, and we feel that here 
in this barren land we are still seeing 
evidences of human habitation. 

The course our ship must follow is 
marked by buoys, and as this is so nar- 
row we wonder how another ship could 
pass us, but we will soon find out, for far 
in the distance we see a ship coming 
toward us. They have put some men in 
a boat and with a derrick have lifted it 
over the side of the vessel into the canal. 
The men fasten our ship to the buoys. 
This draws us to one side and anchors 
us, too. Thus the other boat passes us 
very easily. Now we are unfastened and 
are again on our journey, only to repeat 
the former process, but this time instead 
of one ship there are seven. 

And now night draws her curtain over 
the scene and we watch the phosphorus 
in the water, as our ship plows through 
it. It is very beautiful and looks like 
millions of stars in the water. Morning 

comes again and we have left the canal. 
We are told that very near where we are 
is the place where the children of Israel 
crossed the Red Sea. Then as we sail 
on we see the great mountains of sand 
on the Arabian coast and we know that 
not far distant is Mt. Sinai. We stand 
speechless and gaze, for we feel that we 
are looking on a sacred scene. On we 
go and this all too soon fades from sight. 

We had a very peaceful, quiet Sunday. 
About noon we saw what looked like 
some islands, but on coming close see 
that they are huge rocks. There are 
twelve of them, and we are told they are 
called the Twelve Apostles. On the high- 
est of them stands a beautiful lighthouse. 
To the south we see the sand hills of dark 
Africa. After we leave Aden we hear 
the sad news that a French steamer that 
left Naples just before our ship was foun- 
dered in the storm off the coast of Italy. 
How thankful we are to our kind Father 
for safety! 

Now we are nearing Bombay, and our 
pulse beats a little faster, perhaps, in an- 
ticipation, as our eyes scan the horizon 
for our first glimpse of the land which 
we have so longed to see. About noon 
we see it and soon our pilot boat comes 
and we take the pilot on board, and slow- 
ly steam into the harbor. The tide is out 
and we cannot come up to the pier until 
7 P. M. Sister Miller says she thinks 
the party coming to Bombay will take a 
rowboat and come out into the harbor, so 


The Missionary Visitor 


we begin to watch the numerous boats, 
and it is not long until we see one that 
somehow impresses us as being the one 
we are looking for, and so it proved to 
be. Sisters Quinter and Miller and Bro. 
Blough soon greet us with most hearty 
welcomes. We make the usual prepara- 
tion for landing, and leave in a small boat 
and are rowed to shore. This is a most 
delightful experience. 

We went to Temperance Hall, took tea. 
and went to church. We then had dinner 
and after that Sister Quinter and I went 
to a meeting held on the first floor of 
Temperance Hall, for the benefit of sol- 
diers. Dr. Marret gave a very enjoyable 
talk on the " Two Ways." 

Monday was taken up getting our busi- 
ness attended to so we could leave early 
on Tuesday morning for Bulsar. We ar- 
rived at Bulsar about noon and were 
most heartily welcomed by the mission- 
aries. We were then taken to the chapel, 
where the children gave us their wel- 
come. They had a special program pre- 
pared for us, and we were so sorry we 
could not understand it. They sang 
songs, showered us with flowers, and had 
a discussion between two boys, one rep- 
resenting the Brahman religion and one 

the Christian. Sister Eby says it was 
most ably given. Then they placed gar- 
lands about our necks and bouquets in 
our hands and were ready to receive 
" mama," as they call Sister Miller. They 
were all so glad to see her again that 
it was really pathetic to see them. We 
left the chapel, asking the kind Father 
that our association among these people 
might be as sweet as the flowers with 
which they have garlanded us and that 
we may bring many souls to the Master. 

Soon a merchant from town brought 
us an offering of fruit, then later another 
brought more flowers and we were gar- 
landed again, and now we go to see the 
new church that is in progress, and our 
day is over. We spend a few more days 
with Bro. Blough and Bro. Emmert, then 
on to our home at Jalalpur, where we 
were welcomed most heartily by Bro. and 
Sister Long. 

And now we are in the land where we 
feel God has called us to labor, and as 
we look about us and see heathenism in 
its awfulness we ask God to especially 
bless us in the language study so that our 
tongues may soon be loosed and that we 
may use them in proclaiming the Gospel 
to a lost world. 

Jalalpur, India. 


Eliza B. Miller 

THROUGH the blessings of our 
heavenly Father we are again safe 
at home. On Sunday morning, 
the 6th inst., we saw in the distance be- 
fore us, but dimly, the outline of " India's 
Coral Strand." What a welcome sight it 
was after the many days' journey over the 
restless sea! Our ship moved quietly 
over the peaceful water toward our de- 
sired haven. At twelve o'clock the rec- 
ord showed that we had come two hun- 
dred and ninety-five miles from Saturday 
at twelve o'clock — the longest run we 
had made between Naples and Bombay — 

and showing that we had twelve miles 
to the Bombay harbor. In two hours, 
for the ship had to slacken its speed, we 
had passed the pilot boat and taken on 
our pilot and were standing still in the 
beautiful harbor. In a little while Bro. 
Blough, Sister Sadie and Sister Mary 
Quinter joined us to help us get ashore 
and through the customs. The usual 
process of crowding and yelling and 
pushing by the boatmen and coolies to 
secure the patronage of the passengers 
was carried through while we arranged 
with our agents and took leave of the 


The Missionary Visitor 


dock. What a relief it is to get out of 
the noisy crowd when the work is com- 
pleted ! 

We spent a few days in Bombay com- 
pleting our luggage transshipments, do- 
ing some necessary shopping before go- 
ing " up country." Tuesday morning by 
an early train we left the city for the six- 
hour journey to Bulsar. We passed 
through Pafgar, the station from whence 
thirty miles in the jungle live Bro. Berke- 
biles and Sister Powell, Dahanu, Bro. 
and Sister Ebey's station now occupied 
by Bro. and Sister Brubaker, and we 
thought of them and their work. How 
we would like to have seen them! 
Familiar scenes met us. on every hand as 
we came along and how often we said to 
each other : " Is it not good to be back 
again ? " 

When the train pulled into Bulsar we 
took a look across the tank to our home 
and there were the orphan girls and boys 
with Sister Stover and the little Stovers 
and Sister Quinter waving a welcome to 
us. At the station we met Sister Blough 
and another crowd of boys, Bro. La Per- 
sonne and May, and Bro. Blough, who 
had come ahead of us to help us to the 

A little drive brought us to the bunga- 
low. After we had disposed of our bags 
and baskets we all went to the chapel, 
where the boys and girls gave us the 
usual reception accompanied with songs 
composed for the occasion, garlands of 
flowers for our necks and bouquets for 
our hands. When the program was fin- 
ished we joined in singing " Rock of 
Ages," and Bro. Ebey led in a prayer of 
thanksgiving for our safe arrival. Truly 
we had much for which to be thankful in 

that we were saved from the perils of the 
deep. On our journey sometimes it 
seemed as though we would be lost, but 
through the favor of our heavenly Father 
we were brought through in safety. The 
night we lay in harbor at Messina, our 
captain not venturing out on account of a 
storm, a French steamer, passenger, went 
out to sea just as we came in ; and that 
steamer went down with all on board. 
We had intended going, too, but our cap- 
tain delayed us on account of the storm. 
We know that the prayers of thousands 
ascending in our behalf prevailed at the 
throne for us. How blessed it is to know 
that our lives are in the hands of One 
who will not allow anything to touch us 
but that is for good. 

Sister Himmelsbaugh and Sister Zie- 
gler and Bro. and Sister Ebey came with 
us to Bulsar for a few days. The sisters 
have gone to Jalalpur, where they are to 
remain for language study, and Bro. and 
Sister Ebey have gone to Dahanu to be- 
gin work there. I am here at Bulsar at 
the old stand. It is good to be here. My 
furlough did me good and I enjoyed it, 
but I would rather be here with the girls 
than in America on furlough. When I 
went away there were eighty-five girls. 
Now there are sixty-eight. During the 
year fifteen were married, two died and 
one has gone to the hospital for nurses'- 
training. But there is still plenty to do 
for those who remain. I am thankful to 
be here to continue my life of service for 
the girls and women of India and in this 
I desire the prayers of the brethren and 
sisters in the home land. And not only 
for me but for all associated in the work 
so that thousands may come out of dark- 
ness into light. 


The Missionary Visitor 



W. B. Stover 

NEARLY twenty years ago a cer- 
tain Mahomedan Moulvi, holding 
a post of secretary to one of the 
higher officers in the Nizam's dominions 
in Hyderabad, and earning two hundred 
rupees a month, became a Christian. 
This man is of rather remarkable char- 
acter, of splendid education, of the fore- 
most Mahomedan families, having made 
the journey to Mecca, and having the re- 
spect of all people wherever he goes. His 
becoming a Christian made a stir in cer- 
tain quarters, and after a period of two 
years his wife was secretly murdered. 
This was a most tragic affair. Jewelry to 
the value of three thousand five hundred 
rupees was stolen from her. Her corpse 
was encased in a box and sent to the rail- 
way station to be dispatched to a bogus 
address. It was detected by the British 
police, the murderer was caught, and 
after a sort of trial in the Moglai courts, 
he was set at liberty ! This is the story 
of Paul Saadulla. 

Soon afterwards, he determined to 
give his whole time to the spread of the 
Gospel, and spent some years in mission 
service where he was. In time he took 
a step further, and without pay set out 
to preach and travel all over India, going 
where he might be welcome, asking noth- 
ing and taking only what any one might 
choose to give him. So he came to us, 
a stranger over a month ago. He has 
gone from one station to another, work- 
ing with us and our workers for the 
cause of the Master, and doing it with 
the greatest simplicity and humility. In 
Vyara the Mahomedans were rough with 
him, but he took it all kindly and without 
resenting it, for he shows to all the 
Christlike spirit of nonresistance. Of 
himself he says he is ready to die, and 
when the Lord calls him, whether it be 
by natural death or by being murdered, 
he is willing and ready to go. And so he 

Paul Saadulla. 

preaches the gospel message everywhere, 
and fears none. He has eight children, 
to whom he sends help when he can, but 
his own needs he has made to become 
very small indeed. Dear old man, how 
one's heart is drawn out toward such 
self-sacrifice, toward such voluntary self- 
renunciation for the Master. I had his 
photo taken, and send you one. He is 
off today to preach elsewhere. 
Ankleshwer, India. 


The Missionary Visitor 



I. S. Long 


ECENTLY I read a booklet in 
which the author most ingeniously 
tried to save- Hindus from the 
charge of being idolaters. The author is 
a Catholic missionary, hence his leniency. 
Protestants arraign both Hindus and 
Catholics for being idolatrous ; for, to 
many, their practices appear almost 
equally dishonoring to God, and the more 
so when seen side by side. 

No one on reading the Bible needs 
make a mistake as to the view holy men 
of old took concerning any of the vari- 
ous forms of idolatry. In passing it 
might be well to note that the word 
" idol " in the ordinary translation is 
used promiscuously to represent, says 
one, " no fewer than thirty-one different 
words in the Hebrew." To say the least 
this is unfortunate for the majority of us, 
for it is clear that by reading the ordi- 
nary words " idol " or " image " we do 
not necessarily get the intent of the 
sacred Author. 

The disposition of the* Israelites to 
worship the gods of the adjoining peoples 
led to the giving of the first command- 
ment. It seems clear that God recog- 
nized other so-called gods as His rivals, 
even though the gods had no existence 
save in the mind of the worshiper. Their 
worship was abomination to Him. It 
was because the Gentile worship was so 
dishonoring to Him and because of its 
disastrous effect upon true worship that 
He enjoined the utter destruction of the 
Gentile nations of Canaan. " Having 
other gods " before Jehovah is the worst 
form of idolatry and has ever met and 
shall forever meet with the severest pun- 
ishment at the hands of " Him who will 
do right." 

The inclination of the Israelite, too, to 
make images or symbolic representations 
for worship led to the giving of the sec- 

ond commandment. For instance, when 
God's people would worship Baal or As- 
teroth they were having " other gods " ; 
but when they would worship the calves 
of Aaron or Jeroboam they were violat- 
ing the second commandment. 

The schoolmen's definition of idolatry 
is a good one, — namely, " the paying to 
creatures that supreme honor which is 
due to God alone." And " creature " was 
" everything which is not the one true 
God." Intelligent Catholics argue that 
they give divine or supreme honor to 
God alone or to Jesus, the Incarnation 
of God, while the saints receive honor 
proportional to the spiritual excellencies 
of the one bowed before. Suppose we 
grant this in case of the intelligent and 
that they are not idolaters-, what shall we 
say about that infinitely larger host who 
" are perishing for lack of knowledge " ? 

Indian Christians and Hindus say they 
see no difference, in principle, between 
Catholic and Hindu worship. And if we 
think of the ordinary devotee of either 
sect there is no advantage, from their 
standpoint, on either side ; for seeing the 
bowing and praying before, and kissing 
of the feet of, statues of saints as may be 
seen in Rome produced as sad and re- 
volting an impression upon me as any- 
thing I have yet seen in India, even in 
the holy of holies of Hinduism, Benares, 
for while the Catholic ought to know bet- 
ter the Hindu may be measureably ex- 
cused for his possibly more degrading 
form of worship. The intelligent Cath- 
olic says he does not address the real 
statue or picture or image in worship, 
but the person represented thereby. In 
reply to the Hindu who says, " If this is 
true worship ours also is," the Catholic 
can have but one answer — one that every 
Hindu contests — that while the persons, 
avatars, deities or little gods of the Hin- 
dus are fictitious, the persons, saints, Vir- 


The Missionary Visitor 


gin Mary, etc., etc., invoked by the Cath- 
olics are real. 

There are two general forms of idol- 
atry in India, and some conscientiously 
hold that the third is also to be seen. 
The last is called the " stock and stone 
view," the others the " presence view " 
and the " effigy view." From childhood 
we were taught to believe that certain 
people bow to and worship images of 
wood, clay and stone. The first impres- 
sions of a missionary, too, are that the 
Hindu really worships the lifeless idol. 
But after these several years amidst the 
people and after making careful and hon- 
est inquiry I am much in doubt if any 
Hindu thinks the idol itself is God. Some 
have told us the idols are gods — i. e., 
manifestations of God, divine beings or 
avatars, but I think they are few in num- 

A far greater number, however, say 
that the image itself is not God but that 
God resides in the image — God being in- 
duced into the image by repeating holy 
verses of Scripture at the time of the 
dedication of the idol. For although 
Hindus are Pantheists, believing every- 
thing God and God in everything, still 
there is a special way that the power ot 
God comes into the idol through repeat- 
ing mantras. So, when the Hindu sees 
the idol he is at once impressed to wor- 
ship the " everywhere present God," who 
js, of course, in the image. In bowing 
to the image they bow to God, so they 
hold. The idol or image is of course not 
a likeness of God, for He is Spirit, but 
that of a manifestation of God, In case 
of the Hindu avatars God came to earth, 
i. e., whatever the form of the avatar, 
whether fish, terrapin, boar or man, it 
was God manifest to men. The Christian 
conception is quite different, — God in 
Jesus became generic Man, and was both 
human and divine. 

But the priests and still more intelli- 
gent people doubtless hold not the " pres- 
ence view " — that the image contains 
God — but the third view, namely, that 
the idol is a representation of an avatar, 
having his actual form, or at least a sym- 

bolic likeness of some divine attribute 
manifested to men, or in simple words 
that the idol, as many have told me, is 
a mere sign of God's presence. 

When Elijah mocked the Baal wor- 
shipers on Mount Carmel he said, " Cry 
aloud, for he is a god; either he is talk- 
ing, or he is pursuing, or he is on a 
journey, or peradventure he sleepeth and 
must be wakened." Their prayers were 
hardly addressed to the image so much 
as to some supposed invisible living ob- 
ject represented by the image. So, like- 
wise, the Hindu seems to regard his ava- 
tars divine beings, whether contained in 
or represented symbolically by the idol 
as transcending the image. 

What shall we say then? That the 
Hindus are idolaters? Certainly so. But 
shall we say they worship stocks and 
stones purely? I doubt; for the more 
ignorant, superstitious and aboriginal the 
people the more do they people earth and 
sky with invisible spirit beings, demons, 
ghosts who may be and are appeased 
through the worship of representative 

But one and all, ignorant and intelli- 
gent alike, are idolaters and are greatly 
dishonoring our God who is Spirit, for 
they are worshiping and serving fictitious 
creatures, and all the reverence they 
know to bestow they are giving to ob- 
jects or beings that are not God. Honest 
and dreadfully in earnest they may be, 
still they are woefully mistaken. But it 
is because of their sincerity that idolatry 
is so long in being uprooted. Ask a Hin- 
du whether to worship what is not God 
in place of God is a reasonable thing. 
" Of course not" will be the reply. When 
asked why he does so, he will say, " We 
do not do so ; we worship the same God 
you do, the only God that is." They 
often give us the following illustration: 
As King Edward has a great host of un- 
der-government officials to help in the 
work of governing, and as he may be 
approached only through these officials, 
so God is served when we worship the 
gods, who are either the attendants on or 


The Missionary Visitor 


servants of the one God, or are holy peo- 
ple ever in the presence of God. 

It must be admitted, however, by our 
Hindu friends, and it is a source of en- 
couragement to every missionary, that 
there is an ever-increasing number who 
•are breaking away from the gods of the 
dead past and are accepting the only 
name given under heaven among men 
whereby we must be saved. But there 
is an infinitely larger host who have not 
the courage to act according to their con- 
victions. Knowing the truth, by worship- 
ing gods which they know are not God, 
to please their wives and the old people, 
they act a lie. And there is yet another 
host who for fear of being convicted of 
being wrong are afraid to investigate the 
truth of the gospel message, and are con- 
tent to go on in the old ways. These 

last two classes are lost, being on the 
wrong road; and they do not represent 
the one lost sheep over whose finding 
there was joy in the presence of the an- 
gels in heaven, but the saved and shel- 
tered ninety-nine of the parable are the 
lost sheep of India, so great is the num- 

Shall the church, therefore, not arouse 
herself and go out after India's lost and 
spiritually blind children? Here are 
these intensely devoted and earnest peo- 
ple bestowing oceans of love upon and 
giving oceans of praise and glory to gods 
having no existence save in objective 
images. When India's children give all 
this praise and glory to Him who alone 
is worthy, then shall India be filled with 
the " knowledge of the glory of the Lord 
even as the waters cover the sea." 


C. H. Brubaker 

NOT long since on my way to 
Anklesvar I began a conversation 
with a Parsee gentleman. As 
customary I first asked where he was go- 
ing and what was his work and learned 
he was a liquor contractor. I did not 
immediately condemn him for this, but 
began the conversation with him about 
Our conversation ran about as follows : 
" What does you religion teach? " 
" There are three things you see. 1. 
It teaches us to know the truth. 2. It 
teaches us to speak the truth. 3. It 
teaches us to live true and be kind." 

" Very well. It teaches you to be kind 

to yourself and to your neighbors. That 

is, it will cause you to act so as to bring 

joy to others rather than sorrow?" 

" Yes." 

" It will not allow you to take a gun 

or sword and suddenly end your own life 
or the life of your fellow-man? " 

" No." 

" It will not allow you to shorten your 
own life by taking poison or to shorten 
the life of another by giving them 
poison? " 

" No. But I see what you are coming 
to. You are aiming at my business." 

" Never mind, my friend. I am talk- 
ing about your religion. I have not men- 
tioned your business. But I am glad you 
see that your business is not consistent 
with your own religion." 

" It is my business. What can I do ? 
It has been the business of my family for 

"What of that? If you find out that 
your father has been living in an un- 
healthy location all his life is that a good I 
reason why you should continue to live 
there and thus endanger your life ? If it 


The Missionary Visitor 


is bad for your soul to be in such a busi- 
ness and is against the spirit of your own 
religion what gain is there ? " 

" If I do not sell the liquor some one 
else will do so." 

" Do you reason thus in other things ? 
Do you say, ' If I don't kill a certain 
man and take his money some one else 
will? If I don't commit sin some one 
else will? It will be done any way so I 
had just as well do it '? No, indeed you 
have better sense than that. You are not 
accountable for another man's sins, but 
you are accountable for your own. Is 
this not so? " 

" Yes. And when men drink more 
than they ought who is to blame but 
themselves ? " 

" I see you have forgotten one of the 
principles of your religion. You are 
taught to be kind and helpful to your 
neighbor, and instead of doing this you 
are dealing out that which does no good, 
but actually and continually does untold 
injury, causing misery and death." 

" Yes, I see it is wrong and against 
my religion. But do you eat meat? " 

" Yes, I eat meat and fish." 

" Well, do you not give pain when you 

Here a Hindu sitting near took the op- 
portunity of giving a high-sounding dis- 
sertation on the subject, declaring that the 
whole physical organism of man went to 
prove that God never intended man to 

eat flesh. On the matter of pain I called 
attention to the fact that in killing an 
animal there is comparatively little pain. 
I further said there is much pain in beat- 
ing animals or in allowing crippled or 
diseased animals to linger for months on 
the verge of death as many of the Hindus 
do. The men confessed that this was bad 
and advocated hospitals for the care of 
those unfortunate animals. But they ac- 
knowledged that it was all theory and 
no practice. Presently the Hindu left off 
speaking and I turned to the Parsee again 
with the question, " Do you eat meat and 

" Oh, yes, we eat meat and fish, but I 
believe it is wrong." 

I rather wondered that he would bring 
a Hindu idea against me in self-defense, 
especially when he violated the principle 
himself. But I told him if I believed it 
wrong to eat meat I would not do it. 

"Neither can you afford to go on sell- 
ing liquor in the face of your convic- 
tions that it is wrong, seeing that it is 
against your. religion." 

Before I reached my station the gen- 
tleman took pains to tell me that he had 
three brothers in the stone business and 
he was arranging to go into the same 
business very soon. I talked to him 
about Christ and sold him a Gujerati 
Gospel of Luke. We separated the best 
of friends. 

Dahanu, India. 

Congregation and House of Worship Near Ankeny, Iowa. 


The Missionary Visitor 



J. A. Buffenmyer 

THERE is a great call for mission 
work the world over, and a very 
noble work it is indeed. Many 
have a desire to go into the foreign 
field, but have not the ability, yet the 
command is in Matt. 28 : 19-20 : ■ " Go ye, 
therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing 
them in the name of the Father, and of 
the Son, and of the Holy Ghost ; teaching 
them to observe all things whatsoever I 
have commanded you ; and, lo, I am with 
you alway, even unto the end of the 
world." It seems that some get en- 
thusiastic and think it means only the 
foreign field ; yet it means the home field 
as well as the foreign. 

We have eleven States and part of 
Canada represented in the Eastern Dis- 
trict of Pennsylvania. Not all of Penn- 
sylvania is occupied by Brethren, and 
most of the others have, so far, been al- 
most entirely unoccupied by Brethren. 
It seemed to be the apostles' mode to 
make a " bee line " for the cities, and pos- 
sibly it would be a pretty good plan for 
us to follow their example, as more good 
might result than otherwise. 

There is always a great deal of ex- 
pense connected with starting mission 
work in the cities, yet there are places 
dotted over our country where there 

might be mission work carried on with- 
out a great cost, financially. 

It was the writer's privilege this sum- 
mer to be in New Jersey, where there 
is a small group of Brethren. They are 
weak in number, yet there is a grand op- 
portunity for a strong church there in 
the future. 

There are three churches there, name- 
ly, Amwell, Sandbrook and Bethel, monu- 
ments of what has been in the past, and 
the Brethren are struggling to maintain 
an existence. 

In July, a year ago, the Mission Board 
stationed there Bro. J. F.< Graybill. He 
is laboring with the Brethren there and 
it would be a great encouragement to 
him if strong representative families of 
the Brethren would move in. Here is 
an open door for those who cannot go to 
the foreign field. Heed the Macedonian 
call in New Jersey. 

Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, is 
ofttimes spoken of as the garden spot 
of the United States, yet there are places 
in New Jersey equally as good. It is a 
good farming district, healthful climate 
and good school privileges. 

Who will come and help to erect monu- 
ments over the lives of those like Jona- 

(Concluded on Page 80.) 

Midland Sunday School, Virginia. 


The Missionary Visitor 




N. N. Garst 

THE above caption is a question 
found in "A Little Book " which I 
hope has got the attention of thou- 
sands of brethren and sisters, especially 
those who are only half-hearted mission 
workers. I believe the statements to be 
found in the " Little Book " are fair. I 
am sure they were placed there to stimu- 
late us to our duty, that we might not 
be guilty. Are we guilty of disobeying? 
Are we to remain so until it is too late? 
Too late to go ! Too late to send ! Too 
late to lay aside on the first day of the 
week what the Lord expects of us ! Too 
late to send the Gospel to thousands in 
sin! What are you going to do, my 
brother, my sister, about this matter of 
which the " Little Book " has so fully 
told you ? Are you going to be " foolish 
virgin- " like and on the morning of 
despair find your home with those who 
are lost through your neglect? Neglect 
to go ! Neglect to send ! To save ! 

How easy it is to neglect ! This 
is a very successful way to be guilty. Oh, 
am I guilty? Guilty of what? Murder? 
No! Guilty of covetousness of which 
you may read in 1 Cor. 5: 11, and then 
stay away from your brother's table till 
cured. Guilty of robbing God of time 
and money, of which you can read of 
your own case and of associates in verse 
eleven cited above. How easy it is to be 
guilty ! I once heard a brother say, " All 
my property belongs to the Lord," but 
as his children married they got what he 
said was the Lord's. Perhaps it was not 
ready yet to be turned over to the Lord ! 
Or, perhaps the Lord could not care for 
it then. So it is, and we can be equally 
as ungrateful with a little. May we be 
careful about the Lord's part. May the 
Lord bless and quicken us from our 

Cherokee, Iozva. 


The following extract is taken from the "Price of Africa" and sent by 
Miss Nellie Reed of the Free Methodist Mission of Transvaal in Africa. 

THE year that Queen Victoria as- 
cended the throne a young Ger- 
man, named Ludwig Krapf, a 
student from the Missionary Seminary 
at Basle, sailed for Africa. For seven 
years he endured terrible privation in 
Abyssinia and the neighboring countries. 
During the last year his wife accom- 
panied him, and from that time until her 
death, she shrank from no hardship that 
her husband was called upon to face. At 
last expelled from Abyssinia, they were 
compelled to go southward along the 
coast. After a perilous voyage they 

landed at Mombasa, about one hundred 
twenty miles south of Zanzibar and set- 
tled there. Within six months Krapf was 
compelled to dig two graves and there 
in that strange land he laid his wife and 
babe. Eugene Stock says that nothing 
more touching has ever been written than 
his diary for the next seven days. " His 
heart and his body wept," and it was long 
before he could speak of his wife's death 
without tears. Yet, like Livingstone, the 
bitterest sorrow could not turn him 
aside. He wrote : " Tell our friends at 
home that there is now on the East Afri- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Martinsburg Church, Pennsylvania. 

can coast a lonely missionary grave. This 
is the sign that you have commenced the 
struggle with this part of the world ; and 
as the victories of the Church are gained 
by stepping over the graves of her mem- 
bers, you may be the more convinced that 
the hour is at hand when you are sum- 
moned to the conversion of Africa from 
its Eastern shore." 

His missionary life seemed a catalogue 
of bitter disappointments. After the 
death of his wife he was stricken with 
the fever, and was in such bodily weak- 
ness that he feared he might not recover. 
He says : " I prayed fervently for the 
preservation of my life in Africa until at 
least one soul should be saved ; for I was 
certain that if once a single stone 
were laid in any country, the 
Lord would bless the work and 
continue the structure." 

He was permitted to remain in 
the region around Mombasa for 
six years. His life at that time 
must have seemed to his friends 
to have been an utter failure. 
The visible reward for seven 
years of suffering in Abyssinia 
and six years of sorrow around 
Mombasa, was too lonely graves, 
a shattered constitution, and one 
convert — the cripple Mringe. 

To him, however, the one con- 
vert was worth all the cost. In 

his journal he wrote: "Mringe 
was with me during the night. 
We discoursed toward midnight 
about the world to come and the 
City of God. My poor cripple 
devoured the words as they fell 
from my lips, and I saw that 
they made an impression on him, 
and felt happy indeed, for it is 
in moments like these that one 
feels the importance of the mis- 
sionary's calling. A missionary 
who feels the working of the 
Spirit within him, and is upheld 
in its manifestations to others, 
is the happiest being on earth. 
In his sight what are royal and 
imperial honors compared with the ofhce 
of a preacher in the bush or lonely hut ? " 
In 1856 a huge map of Africa hung 
on the walls of the Royal Geographic So- 
ciety in London. This map had been pre- 
pared by Rebmann and Erhardt, the two 
men whom Krapf had left in Africa. 

In 1874 Mr. Salter Price and wife 
reached Mombasa, the scene of the early 
labors of Krapf. They had been com- 
missioned to found an industrial school 
for liberated slaves. They found John 
Rebmann, Krapf s companion, totally 
blind, living in a miserable hut with a 
little company of Christians — about a 
dozen in all — around him. For twenty- 
nine years " Old Rebmann " as he was 


Grove, Illinois, House and Congregation. 
P. Lilligh Is Active Leader Here. 


The Missionary Visitor 


called had remained in Africa, refusing 
to go home, even on a furlough, until 
some one should be sent to take his place. 
The mission at Mombasa seemed such 
a hopeless undertaking that the Church 
Missionary Society did not think it wise 
to send reinforcements. It was consid- 
ered such a failure that it had been 
dropped from the reports. But John 
Rebmann, blind though he was, never 
lost faith in the enterprise. In his life- 
long battle with heathenism he had been 

26,988. Eight colleges enroll 112,131 
students, 55 theological and training 
schools are equipping 2,114 workers for 
sendee. In addition there are 78 board- 
ing and high schools, with 9,326 schol- 
ars and 56 industrial training schools 
and classes, with 2,328 students. There 
are also two medical and nurses' 
schools and seven kindergartens. The 
Bible is translated into 112 languages 
and dialects. Thirty publishing houses 
and printing presses are pouring forth 

Red River, Oklahoma, House 

and Sunday School in 


able to keep together a little band of be- 
lievers whose number equaled the twelve 
of his Master and he was content. 

The Church of Jesus Christ is but be- 
ginning to put forth her might for the re- 
demption of Africa, but already the work 
being carried on in that dark continent 
should silence any doubting Thomas 
who objects to further investment of life 
and treasure. Now nearly a hundred 
Protestant missionary societies are cen- 
tering the prayers of Christendom upon 
the continent. Three hundred and forty- 
seven missionaries labor there, and they 
are assisted by 4,507 ordained and unor- 
dained native helpers. There are 2,712 
churches, stations and substations with 
132,280 communicants. There are 326 
Sunday schools, with a membership of 

annually 3,811,931 pages of Christian 
literature. In Livingstone's day but one 
small boat, carried on the backs of men, 
was in use by the missionaries. Now 
twenty-four missionary ships and steam- 
ers ply African waters. 

These are but a few of the surface 
signs. Deeper than all is the constant 
silent working of the Spirit of God 
through His messengers, who, like the 
early Christians, are going everywhere to 
preach the Word. 

When will the end be ? Is it a hopeless 
task ? Is it worth the price ? The aspect 
is dark, but the prospect is as bright as 
the promises of God can make them. 

Box 183 Germiston, Transvaal, South 
Africa, Nov. 9, 1908. 


The Missionary Visitor 



C. W. Guthrie 

i M 


19 ^ ^ : 

% : ::] : \ .:;.: :J 


.......... .,^^. 

" Jill 

\ -:.,,,». " • '■ 

South Los Angeles, California, House. 

JULY 26, 1908, the dedication serv- 
ice of the new South Los Angeles 
church was conducted by Elder W. 
F. England of Lordsburg. 

The house was filled with attentive lis- 
teners, and the message given sank deep 
into the hearts of the audience. The 
text taken from Psalm 93 : 5, " Holiness 
becometh thine house, O Lord, for ever," 
was touchingly illustrated and strongly 

On Nov. 5, 1904, the Mission Board 
secured a lot at the above named place 
and funds were solicited for the erection 
of a small building in which to hold 
services. The house was soon completed 
and on the 15th of November of the same 
year Brother Wm. H. Wertenbaker and 
his wife took charge of the work, and 
have been devoting their entire time to 
the work ever since. 

The work from the begin- 
ning has been most encourag- 
ing, and it was not long until 
the small building could not 
accommodate the growing 
Sunday school, and an addi- 
tion was built. Soon these 
two buildings were quite in- 
sufficient, and plans were 
made for the erection of a 
larger and much more com- 
modious building. Conse- 
quently the District was 
solicited again for the new 
building, and with the addi- 
tional five hundred dollars 
that the Board donated the 
present building was made 

The new building will seat 
about four hundred people. 
The gallery, which seats about 
one hundred, has seven con- 
venient Sunday-school rooms. 
The primary department 
which seats about one hundred 
will be separated from the main room by 
curtains or folding doors as soon as suf- 
ficient funds can be raised. Back of the 
primary department are three Sunday- 
school rooms, which make ten separate 
rooms besides the primary and the main 

The two former buildings were 
wrecked and practically all the lumber 
used in the new building. The new 
building cost almost $2,400, and all but 
a small amount of this has been raised. 
The offerings on the day of dedication 
were $313. 

The photographs accompanying this 
article will show what the building looks 

The building was not large enough to 
accommodate the crowds that attended 
the lectures the following week, and two 
services had to be given each evening. 

(Continued on Page 73.) 


The Missionary Visitor 


v 3! 




Adam Ebey. 

There was a boy, a little boy, 

A little dark-skinned Hindu; 
His parents had a little hut 

With but one door and window. 

His parents were despised and low, 
Outcast and rude and common; 

Their fate was just to toil and strive 
To please the haughty Brahmin. 

When Rama was but six years old, 

He had no time for playing; 
He had to watch the cows and goats, 

And keep them from a-straying. 

One day when Rama, six years old, 
Ran to where two goats were fighting, 

He chanced to pass the schoolroom door, 
And heard the boys reciting. 

This opened up a world to him, — 

A world of pleasant wonder; 
He day by day, while with his flocks, 

About the school would ponder. 

He teased his parents till they said, 

" Go get an education " ; 
They little thought that it would mean 

Religious separation. 

When Rama went to school he heard 

First time the gospel story; 
How Jesus came to save mankind, 

And take them home to glory. 

It struck him as a better thing 

Than any Hindu fiction; 
He told his parents what he thought — 

At once there was some friction. 

But then it mattered little till 

He made his application 
To be received into the church, 

To find a full salvation. 

Then parents said he could not go 
To school a moment longer; 

They hid his little question book, 
But still his faith grow stronger. 

He stood it for a year or more, 

In secret praying, singing, 
That God would touch his parents' hearts. 

New life unto them bringing. 

He boldly told them of their sins — 

Did little Hindu Rama; 
That idols have no life confessed 

His papa and his mama. 

South Beatrice Sisters' Aid Society, Nebraska. 


The Missionary Visitor 


At last with them prevailed the lad, 

And out the idols throwing, 
They went to seek the mission house; 

Their faith was also growing. 

They listened long in glad surprise; 

They felt the Spirit's power; 
They were baptized, and home they went, 

Rejoicing every hour. 

The village heard at once the news, 

And kept them at a distance; 
Although they all were outcasts low, 

They offered no assistance. 

The priests stirred up the common folk, 

And bitter persecuting 
Did Rama and his parents find 

Their neighbors executing. 

But firm they stood, and wavered not, 

Their testimony giving, 
Of Christ and all His Holy Word— 

The secret of true living. 

The place was touched, the seed prevailed; 

It grew in spite of rival 
Attempts, and thus at once began 

An Indian revival. 

The place was stirred; the midnight hours 
Were spent in praying, singing. 

And souls that had no goodness known 
Their offerings came bringing. 

The little temple by the tank 

Became the place of meeting. 
The idol has been broken down; 

The priests are all retreating. 

The little outcast Hindu town 

Supports a native preacher. 
His name is Rama, who so firm, 

Became his parents' teacher. 

On the way to India, Nov. 4, 1908. 


Jas. H. Morris. 

Jesus Christ, my Elder Brother, 
Every day His aid He lends. 
Shall He die for you and me, 
Ungrateful, shall we smother 
Such love and life — He spends? 

Christ came down from heaven to earth, 
His mercy and love to show. 
Redeemer, friend and all, 
In one bright light to glow. 
See Him die for you and me, 
This great salvation to show. 
506 Union St., Valparaiso, Ind. 


They are waiting everywhere — 
Where the fields of earth are fair, 
Where the rivers nobly run, 
Where the blossoms seek the sun, 
Where the hills, rise, high "and grand, 
Looking proudly o'er the land — 
Waiting! Waiting! 

They are waiting in the wild, 
Sick and weary and defiled, 
And the Savior's healing word 
They have never, never heard; 
Ever hungry and unfed, 
Left without the living bread — 
Waiting! Waiting! 

For the happy beam of day 
That shall chase their gloom away, 
For the news, so grand and blest, 
That shall set their hearts at rest; 
For the peace we know and prize, 
For the hope beyond the skies — 
Waiting! Waiting! 

learned Congregation, Kansas. The Church Home of Eld. D. B. Martin. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Yet not voiceless or alone, 
For their cry to heaven hath flown, 
And the Master waiteth too, 
Waiteth, ransomed soul, for you, 
Till the life devotion sweet 
Be outpoured at His feet — 
Waiting! Waiting! 

— S. G. Stock. 

And still Christ takes the children's store 

Of loving gift and deed, 
And uses them for evermore 

To help the great world's need; 
And whoso makes one sad heart glad, 

Or speaks one healing word, 
Shall gather, like the little lad, 

A wonderful reward. 

— Mary Rowles Jarvis. 

Church of the Brethren at Hud- 
son, Illinois. The house used to 
stand in the country, but this last 
summer was moved to Canton, 
and completely remodeled. Elder 
J. H. Neher, the bishop of the 
congregation, stands at the ex- 
treme right. 


The people followed Christ one day 

A long way from the town, 
Till, tired and faint, He bade them stay 

And on the grass sit down; 
And then there came a little lad 

With loaves and fishes small, 
And gave to Jesus what he had, 

Enough to feed them all. 

For when the Master blessed and brake, 

The loaves grew large and fair; 
The food was sweet for His dear sake 

To those who feasted there. 
And as amid the crowd the boy 

Beheld his gifts increase, 
He had a new and deeper joy 

In Christ's own smile of peace. 

And when the thousands He had fed 

Were going home again, 
Twelve baskets full of fish and bread 

Were gathered on the plain! 
And surely at his mother's side, 

That night, the tale was told, 
How Jesus blessed and multiplied 

His gifts a thousandfold. 

" The Mission Ships are Sailing." 

(May be sung to tune, "I love to tell the 

The mission ships are sailing 

Across the waters blue, 
To tell the sweet old story, 

The story ever new; 
To carry to the heathen, 

So far across the sea, 
The news of that dear Savior, 

Who died for you and me. 

Chorus — 

Sailing, the ships are sailing, 

Across the waters blue, 
To tell the sweet old story, 

The story ever new. 

Spread all the sails, dear children, 

Send the good news afar, 
Till all the Eastern nations 

Shall see once more the star; 
Shall follow where it Ieadeth, 

To find the Lord of light; 
So shall its rays most holy 

Dispel the shades of night. 

The Missionary Visitor 



C The earth is the Lord's and the full- 
ness thereof, the world and they that 
dwell therein." Then why should the 
children of God ever despair, grow faith- 
less in times of trial, seek their own good 
first when the Master has promised 
" never to leave them or forsake them " ? 
What more triumphant note can swell 
our song during the ensuing year? 

C Now and then an inquiry comes in 
asking on what terms a picture of their 
church or Sunday school can appear in 
the Visitor. There is a steady interest 
in seeing the church home and work of 
other places and properly directed can- 
not help but result in good. We learn 
as well through eye-gates as through ear- 
gates, and new ideas and better methods 
are given to others. The Visitor has a 
rule, though not inflexible, to make the 
cut for any churchhouse or company of 
Christian Workers and use the same in 
the Visitor on condition that ten new 
subscribers to the Visitor be sent in on 
the regular subscription basis. The cut 
can be made the size desired by the 
parties sending in the picture, from any 
sized picture sent in, and after it is used 
in the Visitor, if desired, it will be sent 
to the person sending in the photo for 
their own use. This is a splendid way 
for any church to get a neat cut of its 
churchhouse to use afterwards in pro- 
grams of meetings at home, or write-up 
in their local paper, and the cut cost 
them no more than the trouble to secure 
the subscriptions at the regular rate. 
Please note this in the future and if pos- 
sible send in the subscriptions with the 
picture so it can appear in the Visitor 

C It has been a feature of the Visitor to 
publish a short history of congregations 
offering to have this done. In connec- 
tion with a photo of the churchhouse 
this is always very interesting and in time 
will be valuable. Congregations are re- 
minded of this facility of bringing into 
permanent record facts that today are 
known to some of the aged of their body 
and in a few years will pass away. The 
Visitor is glad to devote a certain 
amount of space to this phase of the 
church's history, free. 

C This is the time for renewals on the 
Visitor list. Some mistakes have oc- 
curred through the changing of terms 
within the past year and more. When- 
ever such mistakes have come to the no- 
tice of the House, satisfactory arrange- 
ments have been made in every particu- 
lar. The responses in renewals and new 
subscriptions are encouraging and appre- 
ciated. On the other hand, if the sub- 
scription list of the Visitor is indicative 
of the interest, — real interest in missions, 
— then there are many, too many, who 
show no interest. No doubt the number 
subscribing is not an accurate indication, 
yet it is not without its value. It is 
known where missionary interest is keen- 
est and giving the most liberal there the 
Visitor reaches the greatest number of 
homes, while the opposite in the main is 

C In the December Visitor under 
World-Wide for Indiana is an amount 
credited to Sister Josephine Hanna that 
should have been credited to her mother 
Elizabeth, who had given us endowment 
before her death sufficient to produce this 
amount in interest. 


The Missionary Visitor 


C A sister writes in and asks for the 
terms on which we receive endowment on 
the annuity plan and if the amount is 
taxable. Age enters into the rate. The 
principal is not taxable, but in some 
States at least all of the annuity is tax- 
, able. To illustrate : Should one give the 
Board $1,000 and receive an annuity 
bond, the $1,000 is exempt from taxa- 
tion, but the $50 is assessed. In other 
States only that part of the $50 on hand 
the day of taxation, or earned and not 
received by annuitant, is assessable. 
Every one who has tried the annuity plan 
likes it. If you do not know about it ask. 
The Board will be glad to explain. 
d This letter goes direct to the spot. It 
is no unusual appeal either and it would 
be a joy if there was a remedy within 
the reach of this office : " The flock at 
is without a shepherd. Conse- 
quently sheep stray from the fold and 
lambs are not brought in. Can you help 
us find a good shepherd? " Are the Dis- 
trict Boards doing all they can to meet 
such calls? 

C Concerning the temperance move- 
ment in parts of India Bro. Stover of 
Ankleshwer writes, " The temperance 
movement has gone to the top and all the 
Bhils have voted DRY for twelve months. 
But they are so weak — what to do ? We 
were with them in their meeting by the 
wayside last Sunday, and urged all we 
could. The thing is a GO anyhow, and 
great good will result. This affects 13,- 

000 people directly." 

C " Just in from an eight days' work in 

a forest village where next week I will 

j put a man. I had a good time and think 

1 made a good impression on the peo- 
ple. But we dare not leave them long, 
so must send a man at once, for ' we are 

| not ignorant of his (devil's) devices,' 
says Paul." Thus writes A. W. Ross on 
a post card, the latest word from his sta- 

C " Here I am," says Eliza B. Miller, 
now in Bulsar, India, " back at the old 
stand. I need not tell you that I am glad 
to be here and that every one seems glad 

to have me here. It took me several 
days to get accustomed to being on land 
alter the days and days of living on the 
restless sea. this last journey was the 
hardest sea voyage I ever had. There 
was so much rougn weather and so little 
real enjoyment to get out of it. How- 
ever the journey began with a fair day 
and closed with a beautiful one and a 
perfect sea, so the middle is quite for- 
gotten in the joy of the ' end of the 
way.' " 

C Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh in a letter 
written since she has reached her station 
in India says, " This is the land of my 
dreams." Anyone acquainted with her in 
recent years knows well how completely 
the mission field was foremost in her mind 
and heart and every word indicates that 
she is happy in the service now. Her 
home is with I. S. Long's at Jalalpor. 

C Geo. W. Hilton in a letter writes thus : 
"A fine young Chinese is coming daily 
to me to learn English. I am using the 
same book we used so successfully in the 
Chinese Sunday school in Chicago. How 
we rejoiced to hear that Moy Wing was 
baptized before he left for China. As I 
write my attention is drawn toward our 
bookcase, — a niche in the wall three feet 
wide and four feet high and one foot 
deep. Once it was the place of the house- 
hold gods ; now with several shelves it is 
used to hold the Bible and our religious 
books. How soon will all the homes in 
China be thus transformed ? " 


(Continued from Page 68.) 

The interior was a flash light taken after 
the second service of the evening, and 
shows about half the audience in the 
main room. 

Much credit is due to Brother G. H. 
Basehore who has had charge of the 
erection of the new building, and donat- 
ing all his services. 

Now with plenty of room and the add- 
ed conveniences it is believed that the 
work will continue to grow accordingly. 

Los Angeles, CaL, Aug. 12. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Financial Report 


I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in 

their charter. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within months after my 



I also give, bequeath, and devise to the General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises witn exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 


If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor, — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as will 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 


World Wide, ... 



..$1,098 55 

. . 210 33 

. 138 15 

. . 48 33 

$2,012 26 
416 69 
45 30 
154 55 



$14,219 56 

2,997 47 

1,818 13 

386 42 


$7,737 42 

2,672 04 

270 82 

440 62 


$6,482 14 
325 43 

Brooklyn M. H., 
Miscellaneous, . . 

1,574 31 


$ 54 20 

Bicentennial, . 

$1,495 36 $2,628 80 $19,421 58 $11,120 90 $8,300 68 
1,711 62 2,212 99 31,180 23 $28,967 24 

$3,206 98 $2,628 80 $21,634 57 $42,301 13 $20,666 56 

During- the month of December the Breth- Vernon Stover, 25 cents, $ 119 75 

ren's General Mission Board sent out 69,786 Middle District, Individuals, 

pages of tracts for distribution. Mary A. Kinsey, $5; Annie E. Mil- 

■.nn_--.--_. j_" - ^—i ler > $ 5 ; Marietta Brown, $3; John R. 

CORRECTIONS. Stayer, $3; John H. Smith, $2; J. D. 

In the report for November the donations Ellinger, $1.96; T. T. Myers, $1.50; 

from Oregon credited to Anna Reed should be Phoebe Zook, $1; Geo. S. Myers, $1; 

credited to the Coquille Valley congregation Nancy Madison, $1, 24 46 

of Oregon. Western District, Congregations. 

In the same report the donation credited Elk Lick, $35.85; Shade Creek, 

to the Pleasant Hill Sunday school, Wiscon- $35.40; Summit Mills, $25.20; Jacobs 

sin, should be credited to the Barron congre- Creek, $6 102 45 

gation, Wisconsin. Sunday School. 

m , .,-, .. , _ ,*»•■•■ -p. ' -J. Rayman, 26 50 

The Brethren's General Mission Board ac- Individuals, 

knowledges the receipt of the following dona- s J Miiler $6' O W Reed $5' 

tions for the month of December, 1908: a. C. Ober and Family, $5; Roda A. 

WORID-WIDI! MTSSTOIJ Brown, $3.50; Joel Gnagey, $3; Mrs. 

WORLD-WIDE MISSION. H Clara Hibbs $L80; Samue i Brown, 

Pennsylvania — $428.99. $1, ..... . 25 30 

Eastern District, Congregation. Ohio— -$236.27.' " 

Elizabeth-town, $ 42 33 Northeastern Dist, Congregations. 

Individuals. Black River, $22; Wooster, $18.37; 

*_. T * WO c ^^J 8 ,' .l 6; ..4 b E. am ^ckler, Chippewa, $14.78; Owl Creek, $13.50, 68 65 

$5; A. S. Hottel, $5; "A Sister in the Individuals. 

Faith.'' $5; Dayid G. Wells, $1.20; j. t. Workman, $25; Wm. Domer, 

L W. Taylor (Marriage Notices), $1; $15; Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Thompson, 

David Kilhefner (Marriage Notices), $10; Mrs. Geo. Weidle, $6; Jacob 

l 1, li ^vv:vv 24 20 Leckrone, $1.50; John Dupler, $1.20; 

Southern District, Congregations. Noah Horn, $1; Sadie Wertz, $1; J. H. 

Upper Codorus, $40; Pleasant Hill, Shideler, 50 cents, 61 20 

f 2 t>. :•••: 64 00 Northwestern Dist., Congregations. 

Individuals ,,.„„„ T ,. ^, Fostoria, $5.95; Lick Creek, $5.10.. 11 05 

John F. Sprenkel, $50; J. J. Oiler, Sunday School 

$30; D. E. Brown, $10; Amos P. and Lima, . 5 13 

Lizzie S. Keeny, $5; H. J. Shallen- Individuals. 

berger, $5; Alice K. Trimmer, $5; Christena Leedy, $10; N. H. Barbara 

Receipt No. 9350," $3; Mrs. H. J. Newcomer, $3; Lydia Dickey, $1.50; 

Shallenberger, $2; Jacob Beeler, $2; David Berkebile, $1.20, 15 70 

Rachel P. Ziegler, $1.50; H. C. Price, Southern District, Congregations. 

Si£*£W a J^^'TJii "? ec ^ ipt vF°- Salem, $34.64; Trotwood, $10.71, .. 45 35 

9367," $1; Mrs. O. D. Brandt, $1; Ellen Sunday School 

S. Strauser, $1; Dora M. Renner, $1; North Star Primary Class, 79 


The Missionary Visitor 



J. E. Gnagey, $15; David Fultz, 
$3.50; Wm. Klepinger, $3; Eliza 
Priser, $1.25; Philip R. Priser, $1.25; 
Eli Niswanger. $1.20; W. C. Teeter, 
$1.20; E. J. Weaver, $1; Levi Minnich 
(Marriage Notice), 50 cents; Eva 

Dillman, 50 cents $ 28 40 

Illinois— $219.11. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Pine Creek, $40.41; Rock River, 
$29; Shannon, $27.55; Lanark, $20.50; 
Waddams Grove, $13.17; Polo, $8, ... 138 63 
Christian Workers. 

Lanark, 3 25 

Aid Society. 

Sterling, 5 00 


Wm. Wingerd, $12; Mrs. Walter 
LeBaron, $8.38; Nelson Shirk, $5; 
Jacob P. Butterbaugh, $5; Joseph and 
Jane Arnold, $5; Mamie Buckingham, 
$5; Mary C. Fisher, $5; D. W. Bark- 
man, $2.50; Daniel Barrick, $2; A. C. 
Wieand, $2; Lee and Katie Boyer, 
$1.25; Phillip H. Graybill, $1.20; W. 
R. Thomas, $1; John M. Lutz, $1; 
C. B. Hoff (Marriage Notice), 50 
cents; A. H. Stauffer, 50 cents; 
Reuben J. Farringer, 20 cents; Sarah 

E. Farringer, 20 cents, 57 73 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Eliz. Henricks, $10; Jacob Swinger, 
$2.50; J. W. Stutzman, $1; J. H. 
Brubaker (Marriage Notice), 50 
cents; A. L. Bingaman (Marriage No- 
tice), 50 cents 14 50 

Indiana — $218.25. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Union, $12.30; North Liberty, $9.85, 22 15 
Christian Workers. 

Rock Run 12 00 


Susannah Schrock, $15; Levi Zum- 
brum and wife, 12; Mrs. Catharine 
Wer.eer, $11; Melvin D. Neff, $10; 
Samuel S. Keller, $10; A. C. Kindy, 
$3; Edythe Swartz, $2; Daniel Harley, 
$2; John Huntington, $1.50; Manly H. 
Deeter, $1.50; David Steele, $1.50; 
Clyde M. Culp, $1; Enos W. Bowers, 
$1; Noah H. Shutt, $1; Samuel E. 
Good, $1; I. L. Berkey, $1; Lanah 
Hess, 50 cents; R. Trimmer, 25 cents; 

F. C. Mishler, 8 cents, 75 33 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Pipe Creek, 25 


Laura B. Reiff, $6.30; James K. 
Cline, $6; Mary Ann Ulrey, $4; Daniel 
Karn, $2.50; W. S. Ewing, $1.50; 
Louisiana Priser, $1.50; Bertha Cling- 
enpeel, $1.20; Isaac S. Shultz, $1.20; 
Mrs. Priscilla Ohme, $1; John W. 
Hoover, $1; Susan Metzger, $1; J. G. 
Stinebaugh (Marriage Notices), $1; 
Mrs. Jos. Fisher, 50 cents; J. C. 

Murray, 50 cents, 29 20 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Nettle Creek • 18 15 


"A Brother," $25; Samuel D. and 
Lina N. Stoner, $25; Daisy Smeltzer, 
$6.17; Roy S. Mishler, $1; John L. 
Childs, $1; Amanda Widows, $1; Mrs. 
David Miller, $1; Levi S. Dilling, $1, 61 17 
North Dakota— $158.50. 

Cando, $125; Williston, $30 155 00 


J. M. Fike, $3; J. W. Deardorff 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 3 50 

Maryland— $136.74. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Meadow Branch, $36.76; Sam's 
Creek, $35.73; Westminster, $16.10; 

Medford, $8.42; Monocacy, $5.83, 102 84 


Annie R. Stoner, $25; Peter Biser, 
$1.20; W. H. Swan, $1; J. S. Geiser 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents 27 70 

Middle District, Individual. 

Jonas E. Flook 1 20 

Western District, Individuals. 

John Merrill and wife 5 00 





9 2 






Iowa — $121.95. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Eph. Lichty, $34; J. S. Albright, 
$10; Ferdinand Zapf, $10; L. W. Ken- 
nedy, $10; Jacob Lichty, $6; Elizabeth 
Albright, $5; Edw. Zapf, $5; H. S. 
Sheller, $5; A. D. Nicodemus, $1.50; 
A. P. Blough (Marriage Notice), 50 

cents, $ 87 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Des Moines City 13 50 


A. E. West, $5; Franklin Rhodes, 
$4; L. S. Snyder, $3; Ezra Fahrney, 
$2.50: Elizabeth Fahrney, $2.50; S. 
Schlotman, $1.50; J. B. Miller, $1.25, 
Southern District, Individuals. 

Jacob Keffer, $1.20; L. M. Kob 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 

West Virginia — $103.52. 
First District, Congregations. 

Maple Spring, $74; Seneca, $10.15; 

Glade View, $8.37 


Anna Boger, $5; Moses and Rebecca 

Fike, $4; Eliza Hilkey, $2 

Minnesota — $74.50. 

Root River, 


Mrs. Bernice Ashmore, $1; Joshua 
Schechter, Jr. (Marriage Notice), 50 

cents 1 50 

Michigan — $64.07. 

Woodland, $22.50; Sugar Ridge, 
$13.81; Chippewa Creek, $9.34; Crys- 
tal, $6 


S. B. Reppert and wife, $9.42; 

G. W. Teeter, $3 

Kansas — $50.88. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Wade Branch, 


C. A. Shook,. $2; Mary R. Moler, $1, 
Southeastern District, Congregation. 


Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. M. A. Thomas, . $1; Jacob 
Sloniker (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 
Southwestern District, Congregation. 



Golda Ebbert, $1; Irvin A. Net- 

trouer, $1 

Missouri— $44.37. 

Northern District, Congregation. 



John C. Van Trump, $5; N. C. 

Folger, $1.20, 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Prairie View, $10.25; Clear Fork, 



O. Perry Hoover 

Southern District, Individual. 

J. J. Wassam (Marriage Notice), . . 
Virginia — $39.04. 
Second District, Congregations. 

Sangerville 7 84 


David F. Long, $8; Samuel Glick, 
$6; B. W. Neff, $5; D. W. Wampler, 
$2; James R. Shipman, $1.50; P. S. 
Thomas, $1.50; John S. Flory, $1.50; 
Mrs. Susan Wine, $1.20; Hugh R. 
Mowry, $1; John S. Garber, $1; 
Joseph F. Driver, $1; Daniel M. 
Good, $1; Madison Kline, 50 cents, .. 
North Carolina— $25.12. 

Mill Creek, $10; Melvin Hill, $6; 
Pleasant Grove, $4.45; Flat Rock, 


Sunday School. Flat Rock, 

California — $13.10. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Andrew Shively, $5; "Three, Trop- 

ico, California," $3.50 8 50 

Northern District, Individuals. 

T. N. Beckner, $2.60; Walter and 
Selma Stephens, $1; Sarah J. Beckner, 
$1 $ 4 60 


























31 20 

24 62 


The Missionary Visitor 


Tennessee — $20.40. 


Knob Creek, 8 00 


B. Y. Harris, $10; Rachel Gorr, 

$1.90; James Mcintosh, 50 cents 12 40 

Washing-ton — $17.33. 

Myers' Creek, $9.53; Spokane, $4.10, 13 63 

G. W. Buntain, $1.20; Pannie V. 
Fuffman, $1; S. Bock, $1; Sallie Hat- 
field, 50 cents 3 70 

Nebraska— -$15.90. 

Kearney, 14 40 


C. J. Travis, $1; D. G. Couser 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 1 50 

South Dakota — $15.00. 


Frank Horning, 15 00 

Idaho — $7.02. 

Nampa 2 40 

Sunday School. 

Nampa 4 62 

Wisconsin — $1.20. 

A. L. Clair, 1 20 

South Carolina — $1.0O. 

Mary Smawley, 100 

Total for the month, ..$2,012 26 

Previously received, 5,725 16 

Total for the year so far, $7,737 42 

Ohio — $49.60. 
Northwestern District, Individual. 

J. E. Roberts, $ 27 60 

Northeastern District, Sunday School. 

Wooster, 20 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Jos. E. Etter 2 00 

Indiana — $35.80. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

South Bend, First Church, 27 80 

Middle District, Sunday School. 

North Manchester City Primary De- 
partment 8 00 

Illinois — $26.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 6 00 

Southern District, Reading Circle. 

Cerro Gordo, 20 00 

Iowa — $26.00, 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Curlew, 20 00 

Middle District. Individual. 

"A Friend. Tipton," 6 00 

California — $2 1 .00 . 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Inglewood, 11 00 

Northern District, Individual. 

Anna Kline 10 00 

District of Columbia — $20.00. 

"Washington City 20 00 

North Dakota — $16.50. 

Mr. and Mrs. Allen Hilton, 16 50 

Michigan — $15.00. 
Sunday School. 

East Thornapple, 10 00 

Aid Society. 

Woodland. < 5 00 

Pennsylvania-— $8.25. 

Eastern District, Sunday School. 

Shuberts, 3 25 

Middle District, Individual. 

Elizabeth J. Carroll 5 00 

Colorado — $7.94. 
Sunday School. 

Rocky Ford 7 94 

Missouri — $5.0O. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shelby County 5 00 

West Virginia— $4.75. 
First District. 

Class 2, Beaver Run Sunday School 2 75 


Eliza Hilkey $ 2 00 

Virginia — $4.25. 

First District, Individual. 

H. B. Clower 4 25 

New Mexico — $0.50. 

Julia Wyne's Sunday-school Class, 50 

Total for the month, $ 240 59 

Previously received, 933 49 

Total for the year so far $1,174 08 


Idaho; — $100.00, 


Susan Fogle, $ 100 00 

Ohio — $36.60. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Canton, 36 60 

Pennsylvania — $15.00. 
Southern District, Individuals. 

Samuel L. Seiber, $2.50; "Receipt 

No. 9367," 1 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary Murry, 5 00 

Western District. 

Class 7, Walnut Grove Sunday 

School, 6 00 


Mrs. Rachel Fox, 50 

West Virginia — $7.00. 
First District, Individual. 

Eliza Hilkey 2 00 

Second District, Congregation. 

Shiloh 5 00 

Illinois— $6.00, 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, 6 00 

Iowa* — $5.50. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Curlew 3 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Miss Rebecca C. Miller 2 50 

Canada— $5.00. 

"A Friend," 5 00 

Nebraska — $1 .00. 

Maggie Vanderkolk 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 176 10 

Previously received, 523 31 

Total for the year so far, $ 699 41 


Canada — $25.00. 


J. Harry Rupert, $ 25 00 

Illinois — $12.25, 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Shannon, $10.25; Elgin, $1, 11 25 

Southern District, Individual. 

George Trone 1 00 

Washington — $10.00. 

S. Bock and wife 10 00 

Ohio — $8.50. 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Silver Creek 8 50 

Penn s y 1 van ia— $8 .00. 
Southern District, Individual. 

Samuel L. Seiber 2 50 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mary A. Kinsey, 5 00 

Western District, Individual. 

Mrs. Rachel Fox, 50 

Kansas — $6.50. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. Drusilla P. Rankin, $4; Mrs. 

Rebecca J. Rankin, $2.50 6 50 

West Virginia — $3.00. 
Fir^t District, Individual. 

Eliza Hilkey, 2 00 

Second District, Individual. 

Cora Shaffer 1 00 

Iowa— $2.50. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Miss Rebecca C. Miller, . 2 50 

California — $1.95. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Butte Valley 1 95 

Nebraska — $0.75. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Maggie Vanderkolk $ 75 

Total for the month $ 78 45 

Previously received 193 21 

Total for year so far, $ 27166 

Pennsylvania — $28.10. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Spring Creek $ 23 10 

Southern District, Individual. 

John F. Sprenkel 5 00 

Ohio — $13.70. 

Northwestern Dist., Congregations. 

Silver Creek, $10; County Line, 

$3.70 13 70 

West Virginia, — $2.00. 
First District, Individual. 

Eliza Hilkey 2 00 

Indiana, — $1.50. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Pipe Creek, 1 50 

Total for the month, $ 45 30 

Previously received 225 52 

Total for the year so far $ 270 82 

Canada — $52.25. 


W. F. Hollenberg $ 52 25 

Pennsylvania — $1.35. 
Southern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Sarah M. Attick, 50 

Middle District, Individual. 

Rachel Rhodes 50 

Western District, Individual. 

Mrs. Rachel Fox, 35 

Illinois — $3.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon 3 00 

Total for the month $ 56 60 

Previously received, 25 03 

Total for the year so far $ 81 63 

Illinois — $11.00. 
Northern District, Congregation. 

Waddams Grove, $ 11 00 

Kansas — $5.50. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. Drusilla P. Rankin, $3; Mrs. 
Rebecca J. Rankin, $2.50 5 50 

Total for the month $ 16 50 

Previously received, 4 25 

Total for the year, $ 20 75 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

"Receipt No. 9368," $ 100 

Total for the month, $ 100 

Previously reported 15 58 

Total for the year so far $ 16 58 

Illinois — $2.00. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Shannon, $ 2 00 

Total for the year $ 2 00 


December, 1908. 

Iowa. — O. B. Zuck and wife, $10; Henry 
Myers, $2; Martha Ikenberrv, $2; Green Sun- 
day School, $4.74. 

Illinois. — John H. Gerdes, $3; Barbara Gish, 

Kansas. — J. K, Yoder, $3; M. Ohmart, $5. 

Maryland. — Minerva Roop, $5. 

Minnesota. — David Whetstone, $1. 

North Dakota Edna R. Forney, $2; T. J. 

Barnhart, $1; Emma J. Van Dyke, $5. 

New York. — Agnes and Martin Texiere, $2. 

Pennsylvania. — Geo. and Katie Brindle, $3; 
Isaac Showalter, $2; Meyersdale Mission Cir- 

cle, $15; Isaac and Maggie Replogle, $10, 
Annie E. Martin, $5.25; Bro. Elliott, 75 cents; 
Eld. J. W. Wilt, $5; Elk Lick congregation, 
$21.25; Lewiston Sunday School, $2.23; L. F. 
Hildebrand, $2; D. E. Bosserman, $1; Mary E 
Townsend, $1. 

Ohio. — B. S. Landes, $3. 

Tennessee. — Etta Lemons, $1; Morristown 
Sister (for Italian work), $3. 

Virginia. — J. F. Flory and wife, $12. 

West Virginia. — Fannie Michael, $1; Harriet 
Leatherman, 50 cents; Geo. and Lydia Arnold, 
$1.50; Eliza C. Cornell, 50 cents, Arnold, 
Charles and Kate Ludwick, $2. 
Total, $148.72. 

J. Kurtz Miller, Solicitor of Funds. 

358 60th Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 


The Extension has the following contribu- 
tions to report for the month of December. 
This month usually shows quite an increase 
in the amounts received as it is then that the 
returns come in from the investment of dimes 
by the boys and girls during the summer. 
They have been very faithful this year. We 
feel very grateful to our Heavenly Father 
that this work has been kept close to the 
hearts of His people and has not been for- 
gotten during the flurry that has hindered the 
activities of commercialism. May He give us 
all grace to keep His work ever in the fore- 

Indiana. — C. F. Arnold, North Manchester, 
$10.01; Sarah Whitmer, South Bend, $1; 
Samuel A. Gilmer, Kitchel, $7.50; Will A. 
Stewart, Buck Creek, $11.27; Isaac Huffman, 
New Ross, $6.65; Mrs. Osie Brumbaugh, 
Goshen, $8.81; J. C. Brumbaugh, New Paris, 
$1; W. H. Weybright, Syracuse, $13.82; John 
Ross, Sidnev, $4.28; Mrs. J. D. Whitehead, 
New Paris, $5; M. H. Huffman, Onward, $19.11; 
John L. Minnich, Ladoga, $2.85; John Bollin- 
ger, Shipshewana, $3; J. M. Riley, La Porte, 
$1; Ettie E. Holler, Hagerstown, $2.50; Chas. 
F. Sink, Flora, $10; Mary E. Tinkle. Marion, 
$3.50; Marion Fisher, Mexico, $9.15; J. L. 
Hibner, Monticello, $7.70; Mary E. Popejoy, 
Poneto, $3.50; Ellen Blickenstaff, Piermont, 
$9.55; Junias Spurgeon, Michigantown, $2.30; 
Josie Snowberger, Delphi, $3; Mary Replogle, 
Hagerstown, $3; Walter C. Stinebaugh, Cam- 
den, $3; J. A. Miller, Huntington, $7.30; D. H. 
Brumbaugh, Markle, $10; Elias P. Dunbar, 
Bowers, $13.42; Daniel Breneman, New Lis- 
bon, $5.67; William Brubaker, Elkhart, $3.25; 
P. G. Yoder, South Whitley, $2.50; Clarence 
Troyer, Middlebury, $7.61; Dan C. Mock, Syra- 
cuse, $5.40; Grace Huffman, New Paris, 
$11.60; Wm. Weaver, Plymouth, $3.69; M. A. 
Hanson, Laotto, $5; Cail B. Yoder, Lima, 
$8.58; Victor M. Bedel, Nebraska, $1; Phebe E. 
Teeter, Mooreland, $1.45. Total, $238.87. 

Pennsylvania. — T. S. Foreman, Saxon, 
$20.01; J. A. Claar, Claysburg, $1.24; J. H. 
Burket, Yellow Creek, $2.75; J. A. Trostle, 
East Berlin, $1; John E. Cook, Dillsburg, $6; 
Jos. P. Long. Baker's Summit, $7.75; C. B. 
Miller, Ore Hill, $5.43; D. I. Pepple, Everett, 
$2.50; William A. Townsend, Smithfield, $4.35; 
Annie Benton, Hollidaysburg, $14.35; C. E. 
Martin, Mercersburg, $10.01; G. H. Arbegast, 
Mechanicsburg, $3.35; G. S. Batzell, Everett, 
$4.80; Joseph Sollenberger, York, $10; J. S. 
Grassmyer. Lewiston, $7.50; Frank Myers, 
Grafton. $1.35; S. A. Norris, Shirleysville, 
$4.50; H. M. Norris. Shirleysville, $3.25; Fred 
Hoover, Saxon, $1.95; W. F. Johns, Chambers- 
burg. $4.35. Total, $116.44. 

Ohio. — Levi Rinehart, Eaton, $7.68; Minerva 
Kintner, Bryan, $33.25; Esther Dishorn, Desh- 
ler $2.50; Mrs. D. E. Billman, Pleasant Hill, 
$11.50; Martha Morse, Barberton, $1; Frank 
Blessing. Dayton, $21.33; M. A. Mahler, Pio- 
neer, $6.23; Hazel Heistand, Nevada, $3; 
George W. Garner, Walbridge, $5.25; Joseph 
H. Baun. Ashland, $4.75; Henry Royer, Louis- 
ville, $10.77; David Shively, New Cumberland, 
$2.53; J. W. Eikenberry, Arcanum, $23.26; 
Sarah A. Smith, Wauseon, $2.50; G. D. Armen- 
trout, Lima, $2; F. J. Weimer, Greenville, 
$4.23; James Shutt. Sugar Creek. $5; Mame 
Hoover, Alliance, $8.50. Total. $155.28. 


The Missionary Visitor 


North Dakota. — Jacob Swartz, Kenmare, 
$2.35; U. T. Forney, Egeland, $7.75; J. H. 
Barnhart, Egeland, $14.50; Mrs. J. M. Myers, 
Surrey, $9; A. F. Thomas. Deering, $13.20; 
J. I. Wampler, Newville, $7.75; J. W. Fitz, 
Cando, $7; J. O. Dierdorff, Brumbaugh, $2.77; 
V. E. Vancie, York, $3.70; Mrs. J. W. Beehler, 
Williston. $4.11; Mary E. Sink, Brumbaugh, 
$5; A Sister, Brumbaugh, 25 cents; Annie 
Whipple, Carrington, $3; Marie Elker, Surrey, 
$5.75; J. C. Cripe, Berthold, $6.10. Total, 

Kansas. — J. F. Sho waiter, Darlow, $2; Mrs. 
J. J. Myers, Morrill, $12; Albert Sawyer, 
Morrill, $8.24; Luther E. Hylton, Larned, 
$14.05; A. S. Merkey, Portis, $3.40; Lizzie 
Miller, Norcatur, $3.90; Norman Fike, Sabetha, 
$2.90; J. W. Brammel, Olathe, $3.55; N. A. 
Switzer, Webber, $7.50; C. L. Davidson, Burr 
Oak, $3.85; George Sperline, Sabetha, $9; I. A. 
Lauver, Edgerton, $2.80. Total, $73.19. 

Illinois. — K. M. Moore, Lena, $4.72; F. H. 
Lyon, Hudson, $8.90; John U. Miller, Morrison, 
$3.01; John D. Baker, Sterling, $3.35; D. Earl 
Brubaker, Virden, $2.85; J. C. Lampin, Polo, 
$5.59; Milton McNutt, Shannon, $5; Noah 
Blough, Mt. Carroll, $11.20; Bertha Cripe, 
Lintner, $5; A. W. Kesler, Mulberry Grove, 
$2.47; Cora Binkley, Polo, $1.10; M. S. Sey- 
mour, Palestine, $9. Total, $62.19. 

Iowa. — A. Frederick, Grundy Center, $9.25; 
H. Roy Book, Adel, $8.50; T. J. Looney, Bata- 
via, $4.70; H. O. Adams, Fredericksburg, 
$5.50; S. A. Miller, South English, $18.32; 
John Rudy, Liscomb, 55 cents; C. E. Kimmel, 
Sheldon, $7.50; Geo. H. Allen, Dumont, $6.85; 
Luther Myers, Greene, $4.20; H. W. Cakerice, 
Whitten, $20; Roy Shelley, Ollie, $7.65. Total 

Oklahoma. — Mary E. Ritter, Crescent, $6; 
Mrs. Edward Lauver, Omego, $8.50; J. B. 
Nininger, Coyle, $19; George Prentice, Aline, 
$17.65; Wm. Joy, Cement, $5.05; A. B. Coover, 
Davidson, $5; J. D. Miller, Nashland, $6.80; 
Mrs. D. E. Cripe, Stillwater, $2.50. Total, 

Michigan. — Geo. H. Johnson, Rodney, $8.40; 
H. A. Weller, Copemish, $7.83; Chas. A. Miller, 
Brethren, $1.10; Mrs. Fannie Albaugh, Ban- 
nister, $4.65; L. A. Fisher, Bangor, $2.75; 
David Dreeshal, Vestaburg, $2.12; Wm. Smith, 
Clarksville, $6.85. Total, $33.70. 

Maryland. — Henry H. Baker, Grantsville, 
$10; Franklin B. Otto, Sharpsburg, $3.15; 
George V. Arnold, Burkittsville, $13; G. A. 
Parrott, Hagerstown, $8.10; James W. 
Beeghly, Accident, $3.50; Harry D. Gross- 
nickle, Boonesboro, $9.50. Total, $47.25. 

West -Virginia. — N. M. Rotruck, Williams- 
port, $5.63; Fred Bauer, Junction, $1; I. J. 
Saville, Pleasantdale, $4.45; Geo. W. Shelly, 
Shanks, $2; J. W. Riggleman, Rock Oak, $7.15. 
Total, $20.23. 

California. — J. A. Miller, Santa Ana, $21; 
J. W. Vaughn, Laton, $3.50; W. E. Witcher, 
Bangor, $6.95; C. I. Schrock, Pasadena, $10. 
Total, $41.45. 

Canada. — A. J. Kauffman, Alpha, $14; W. F. 
Hollenburg, Nanton, $30.75. Total, $44.75. 

South Dakota. — Ellen Harldson, Frederick, 

Missouri. — Wm. Greenwood, Carthage, $3.10. 

Minnesota. — C. E. Delp, Hancock, $5. 

Unused funds, returned, $1.26. 

Collections, Extension No. 2, $11.16. 

Hastinsrs Sunday school for Christmas 
treats, $15.95. 


Indiana, $ 238 87 

Pennsylvania, 116 44 

Ohio 155 28 

North Dakota 92 23 

Kansas 73 19 

Illinois 62 19 

Iowa, , '. 93 02 

Oklahoma 70 50 

Michigan 33 70 

Maryland, 47 25 

West Virginia, 20 23 

California, 41 45 

Canada, 44 75 

South Dakota 11 35 

Missouri 3 10 

Minnesota, 5 00 

Unused funds, 

Collections Extension No. 2, 

1 26 
11 16 
15 95 

Total, $1,136 92 

The following names have been sent in as 
having taken part in the contributions above 


Bowers. — Zora and Edna Lewis, $9.72; Byrl 
and Chase Harper, $1.70; Ray, Jesse and 
Waneta Young, $1; Annie Arndt, $1. Moore- 
land. — Sadie Swoveland, 10 cents; Garnet 
Curent, 30 cents; Latta Brown, 30 cents; 
Laura Miller, 75 cents. New Paris. — Marie 
James, $2; Russell Neff, $1.10; Vera Peters, 
$2; Bernice Peters, $2; Nelson Paul, $3. 
Goshen. — Ray Cripe, $1; Mariam Hess, 25 
cents; Floyd Brumbaugh, 25 cents; Dale Hess, 
82 cents; Zora Hess, 61 cents; Artie Hoke, 
70 cents; Ervin Hoke, $1. North Manchester. 
— Rachel Ramsey, $1.60; Walter Metzger, 50 
cents; Paul Landes, 75 cents; George Worth, 
$1; Glenn Arnold, $1.50; Jesse North, $1; John 
Droud, 50 cents; Esther Landes, 75 cents; 
Esta Arnold, $1.50; Pearl North, 91 cents. 
Sidney. — Erba Weaver, $1.03; Bertha Holben, 
50 cents; Charla Sparks, 50 cents; Clarence 
Sparks, 50 cents; Ruda and Lloyd Ross, each 
50 cents; Fred Hardman, 50 cents; Christal 
Blew, 25 cents. Syracuse. — Noble Neff, $1: 
Lloyd Berky, 50 cents; Dwight Berky, 50 
cents; Thorald Guyer, $1; Ottie, Milton and 
Sammie Ulrey, $1; George Morehouse, $1; 
Ruth Morehouse, $1; Ardens Troup, $1; S. J. 
Fuller, $1; Pearl and Dorthy Guyer, each $1; 

Willie Weybright, $1. New Lisbon Mildred 

Miller, 25 cents; Phares Breneman, 25 cents; 
Lizzie and Gladys Stewart, each 25 cents; 
Howard, Ruth and Gladys Breneman, each 50 
cents; May Stonesipher, $1.17; Clemy Miller, 
$1; Galen Howard, $1. Michigantown. — Lizzie 
Riley, 65 cents; Thelma Spurgeon, 50 cents; 
Everett Bond, 30 cents; Jemima Walker, 25 
cents; Lucy Woodruff, 25 cents; Nathaniel 
Cripe, 25 cents. Marion. — -Cora, Mable, Anna 
and Jesse Winger, 50 cents; Ellen Winger, 50 
cents; Lawrence Haynes, 50 cents; Cora and 
Harry Hatcher, each 25 cents. 

Bakers Summit. — John D. Long, $1; Roy 
Eckard, $1; Bruce Eckard, $1; Esther Pater, 
$1; Catharine Long, $1; Ina Miller, $1.50; Ruth 
Ebbersole, 25 cents; Palmer Miller, $1. Lewis- 
town.— Arthur Grassmyer, 50 cents; Emma 
and Ruth Grassmyer, each 50 cents; Ida 
Baith, 50 cents; Arthur Swigart, $1; Craw- 
ford Swigart, $1; Nannie Wakefield, 50 cents; 
Herman Kauffman, $1; Margaret Kauffman, 
$2. Mercer sburg. — Eva Blair, $1; Mary But- 
terbaugh, $1.50; Minnie Keefer, 50 cents; 
Aaron, Clinton and David Keefer, each 50 
cents; Mary Tosten, $1.62. Hollidaysburg'. — 
Amelia Benton, $3.65; Lawrence Miller, 75 
cents; Adrian Miller, $1; Raymond Miller, 
$1.30; Mrs. H. G. King, $1; Homer and Ruth 
Benton, each 50 cents; Gladys Eicher, 25 
cents; D. D. and J. D. Sell, each 10 cents; 
George Michel, 10 cents; Chauncey Linger- 
felter, 20 cents; Annie Benton, 50 cents; 
Florine Snowberger, 75 cents; Pearl Walters, 
60 cents; Mary and Sophia Nineland, each 50 
cents; Ray Sell, 30 cents; Fred Sell, 30 cents; 
Viola Allison, 25 cents; Pearl, Susan and 
Matthew Sell, 40 cents; Grace Benton, 20 
cents; Chester Langham, 25 cents; Emery 
Langham, 25 cents; Frank Langham, 10 cents. 
Saxton. — Paul Dilling, 70 cents; Maude Long, 
25 cents; Olive Gaunt, ,64 cents; John Fink, 
$1; Orie Smith, 85 cents; Ola Foreman, 75 
cents; Percy Foreman, 75 cents; Lizzie Rep- 
logle, $12.57; George Beach, $2.50. Yellow 
Creek. — Ruth Burket, $1.50; Bertha Ritchey, 
50 cents; Cora and Clayton Ritchey, each 25 
cents; Sarah Potter, 25 cents. 


Stillwater. — Paul Cripe, 75 cents; Ezra, 
Frank and Grace Pinson, $1; Hysa Belford, 
50 cents; Florence Richardson, 25 cents. 
Davidson. — Otis Fillmore, 50 cents; Dan Fill- 
more, 25 cents; Bertha Fillmore, 25 cents; 
Sam and Maude Fillmore, each 20 cents; 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bessie Fillmore, $1.20; Oma Holderread, $1; 
Paul Coover, 50 cents; Ruth and Dessie 
Coover, each 25 cents; Opal Rairigh, $2; Mable 
Rairigh, $1; Ora and Floyd Rairigh, each 75 
cents; John and Eva Lauver, each $1.50; 
Nellie, Bessie and Ira Lauver, each 25 cents. 
Aline. — Ethel Booze, $3.03; Floyd Booze, $1.50; 
Everett Booze, $1.60; Mary and Pearl Prentice, 
each $1; Lowell and Loren Prentice, each 50 
cents; Ruth Stookey, 40 cents; Gracie Ham- 
merstand, 60 cents; Opal, Lucy and Marie 
Booze, each 25 cents; Elsie Barker, $1.45; 
Myrtle Barker, 50 cents; Haly Galbreth, 30 
cents; Fanny and Lizzie Galbreth, each 30 
cents; Sadie and Gracie Ford, each 80 cents; 
Annie Ford, 40 cents; John Ford, 20 cents; 
Lyle Gannon, 25 cents; Hettie and Rosa 
Dupus, each 35 cents; Joseph, Anna and Obie 
Dupus, each 25 cents. 


Egeland. — Florence Barnhart, $6; Ray Barn- 
hart, $4; Angie and Blanche Sharp, each $1; 
Wendell Fifer, $1; Edith Warner, 50 cents; 
Opal Bowman, $1; Sarah, Effie and Earl Spor- 
line, each $1; Nellie, Arthur and Roy Kahle, 
each $1; Fern Forney, 75 cents; Jenette and 
Albert Paulsen, each 50 cents. Newville. — 
Stella Brower, $1.25;- Lennie Brower, $1; Jessie 
and Delma Deeter, each $1.50; Tacy Deeter, 
25 cents; Roy Stong, 50 cents; Ray Stong, 25 
2ents; Mary Wampler, 50 cents. Deering. — 
Harold Orndorf, $1.10; Earl Orndorf, $1.25; 
Leonard Trudell, 25 cents; Alma Summers, 
U.60; Lillie Rorick, $1; Hazel, Ethel, Cletus 
and Harvey Stebleton, each 75 cents; Dewey 
Trudell, 50 cents; Ruth Fouts, $1; Mary 
Strycker, $1; Ethel Strycker, 75 cents; Treva 
Strycker, 50 cents; Ralph Orndorff, $1.25. 


Osage, Sask. — Robert Baker, $4; Albert, 
Bessie and Ollie Harp, each $1; Ray, Roy and 
[va Paters, each $1; Bernice Buck, $1; Paul 
Kauffman, $2; Dessie Witter, 50 cents; Mabel 

ind Ruth Fry, . Nanton, Alberta. — Cleo 

Whistler, $2; Francis Lehman, $2; Grace 
Hollenburg, $2.50; John H. Rhodes, $6; George 
Hollenburg, $2; John Hollenburg, $2.50; Bing- 
anan family, 50 cents; Elsie Milster, 25 cents; 
Elmer N. Shock, $6; Oron E. Shock, $3; Forest 
E. Shock, $1; Alice Shamberger, $2; David 
Shamberger, $1. 


Grantsville. — Jennie Beachy, $4; Eliza Tost, 
52.40; Mary Baker, $2; Sarah Baker, $1; 
Daniel Baker, 50 cents. Burkittsville. — Tommy 
Arnold, $5; Alfred Rohrback, $1; Earl Lowell, 
51; Naomi and Homer Guyton, each $1.50; 
Dlive Guyton, $1; George Arnold, $1; Earl 
Kepler, $1. Hagerstown. — Martin Hunch- 
ourger, $1; Agnes Hicks, 25 cents; Chester 
Hollinger, 30 cents; Viola Corderman, 50 
3ents; Paul and Jessie Zuck, each 30 cents; 
Erma Holling, 40 cents; Esther Klopper, $1; 
Elva Parrott, $1.05; Veer Mullendore, $3. 


Sabetha. — Ethel Racus, 75 cents; Esther 
Racus, 75 cents; Paul and Ruth Racus, each 
SO cents; Thelma Johnson, $1; Esther and 
■ Florence Vandyke, each 25 cents; Cleo S. 
Davisson, 50 cents; Wesley Mormet, 50 cents; 
Willis Davisson, 50 cents; Dorothy Lichty, 50 
ients; Carrie Ort, $1; Geo. Sperline, $1; G. E. 
Sperline, $1. Fortis. — Irene Ackey, 50 cents; 
Irola Ackey, 50 cents; George Merkey, 50 
2ents; Maud Merkey, 50 cents; Alice Small, 
25 cents; Bertha Gentzler, 30 cents; Paul 
Lerew, 25 cents; Gladys Nayler, 30 cents; 
Albert Moyer, 30 cents. 


South English. — Lawrence, Clair and Mil- 
Ired Miller, each $2; John and Willie Fry, $1; Howard Oliver, $2; Walter Nash, $2; 
lohn Miller, 21 cents; Ray Miller, $1.11; 
Homer Miller, 50 cents; Lelia Lockridge, 50 
ients; Daisy Simmons, $1; Mabel, Forest and 
Grace Miller, each $1. Dumont. — Lanah, 
Carrie and Mary Laudner, each 50 cents; May 
Marken, 50 cents; Minnie, Glen and Mervel 
Tones, each 35 cents; Evelyn and George 
Schuler, each 25 cents; Carl and Melba Sona- 
frank, each 25 cents. 


Lena. — Mary Derr, 50 cents; Corlan Stees, 
25 cents. Polo. — Clarence Heckman, 55 cents; 
Samuel Gilbert, 50 cents; Lucile Myers, 10 
cents; Delia Gilbert, $1.57; Earl Toms, 50 
cents; Nora Travise, 25 cents; Clara Gilbert, 
$1.62; Mary Toms, 50 cents. Palestine. — Joe 
Weller, $2; Ruth Swinger, $1.15; Ross 
Swinger, $1.10; Lura Swinger, $1; Russell 
Patrick, 50 cents; Elma Reynolds, 35 cents; 
Gladys Hildebrand, 35 cents; Raymond and 
Ralph Nichols, each 25 cents; Hazel Dry, $1. 


Walbridge. — Ella Garner, 50 cents; Beryl 
and Cecil Johnson, $1; Uriah Garner and wife, 
50 cents; Leo Crago, 25 cents; Samuel Baker 
and wife, $1; Edith Baker, 50 cents; George 
W. Garner and wife, $1; Walter and Laura 
Rush, each 25 cents. Ashland. — Edith Reed, 
25 cents; Bebetata Roland, 25 cents; Florence 
Gongner, 75 cents; Mary Landes, 50 cents; 
Howard C. Banm, $1; Wando Markley, $2. 


Williamsburg. — Grace Bane, $1.05; Dall 
Likens, 50 cents; Charley Bobo, 58 cents; Lena 
and Oscar Rotruck, each $1; Clarence and 
Herschel Leatherman, each 25 cents; R. B. 
Leatherman, $1. 


Frederick. — Torgeson children, $2.25; Flossie 
Heagley, $2.50; Nellie Heagley, $3.50; Ellis 
Moore, 10 cents; Martha Baker, $3. 


Carthage. — Katie Killingworth, $1; Grace 
and Ida Teeter, each 50 cents; Grace Green- 
wood, 50 cents. 


Laton. — Jennie Coffman, $1; Lester Kuken- 
baker, 50 cents. 

Chas. W. Eisenbise, Sec'y-Treas. 
860 South Clifton Park Avenue, Chicago. 


Denver, Colo., Dec. 10, 1908. 

Amount of money received by the Church 
of the Brethren toward the building of a 
churchhouse in Denver, Colo., from November 
1 to December 1, 1908. 

Collected by S. A. Honberger: J. Lewis, 
$5; E. H. Weimer and wife, $2; J. D. Mc- 
Dougal, $2; Wm. Lewis, $1; J. H. Wirt, $3; 

C. Wirt, $1.50; Lewiston Sunday school, $2.65; 
Una Wolfe, $1; J. B. Lawser, $1; Albin Kauff- 
man, $2; A. Barnhart, $1; Lina Short, $5; 
S. M. Sperry, $1; J. B. Shenk,-$1; J. W. Cow- 
ley, $2; J. E. Kindig, $2; W. R. Polhemus, $5; 
W. Ralph Polhemus, 10 cents; R. H. Switzer, 
$2; W. O. McCauley, $5; J. E. McCauley, $5; 
Reuben Culp, $2; J. R. Culp, 50 cents; O. D. 
Barnhart, $2. A. C. Thornton, Morrill, Kans., 
$2. Peter Delp, Liscomb, Iowa, $15. A Sister 
and grandson, Hiawatha, Kans., $5.25. Col- 
lected by I. Cripe: S. J. Strickler, 50 cents; 
Dan'l Wysong, $1; Banks Light, $1; Lissette 
Fox, $1; Elizabeth B. Neff, $1; Charles Neff, 
$1; Wm. Hess, $1; Francis C. Mishler, 50 
cents; Roll Neff, 50 cents; Geo. Whitehead, 50 
cents; Bert Neff, 50 cents; Mary Peters, 50 
cents; Jennie Peffly, 25 cents; Elmer Neff, $1; 
J. O. Culler, $1; Amanda Culler, 25 cents; 
Chas. Snider, 25 cents; Lidda Neff, $1; Frank 
J. Whitehead, $1; Solomon Mishler, $1; Mrs. 

D. J. Whitehead, $1; John Harrold, $1; Calvin 
Cripe, 50 cents; James R. Peters, $1. Lydia 
Rhodenbach, Akron, Ohio, $1. Joe Lapp, Cam- 
bridge, Nebr., $5. Mrs. J. J. Schechter, Han- 
cock, Minn., $2.50. D. Harry Pressel, Twin 
Falls, Idaho, $5. S. E. Hogan, Norborne, Mo., 
$5. Collected by I. Cripe: John Bauchman, 
$1; David Killion, $1; G. Stump, 50 cents; 
Frank Ruple, 50 cents; Geo. N. Clarke, 50 
cents; Andrew Ruple and family, $2; Jacob 
Gansinger, Jr., $1; Sarah Ruple, 50 cents; 
David Steele, $2; David Ruff, $1; Solomon 
Burkholder, $5; George Steele, $1; Samuel 
Row, 50 cents; Nathaniel Stump, $2; H. B. 
Gearhart, 50 cents; Jacob Hilderbran, 50 cents; 
Lafayette Steele, 50 cents. J. A. Byerly, 
Coyle, Okla., $2. Myra Witmer, Polo, 111., 


The Missionary Visitor 


$5. Mrs. W. V. Smitt, Eldora, Iowa, $1. Col- 
lected by I. Crice: David Burroughs, $1; 
Nathan H. Swihart, $1; Noah Johnsonbough, 
50 cents; Jacob Rohrer, $2; David Newcomb, 
$1; Dan'l Swihart, $1; George Swihart and 
wife, $1; Jesse Rohrer, $2; Jacob Swihart and 
wife, $1; Walter Swihart, $1; Dan'l Rohrer, 
$2; Sam'l Rohrer, $2; A. Bradey and wife, $1.50; 
Nores Beckner, 50 cents; John Huffman, $1; 
Earl H. Swihart, 50 cents; Salome Cripe, 50 
cents; Wm. Watson and wife, 50 cents; Sam'l 
Haines, 50 cents. Elizabeth Hoffa, Grundy 
Center, Iowa, $5; Emanuel Newcomer, Mt. 
Morris, 111., $2. Mr. and Mrs. John Watson, 
Ollie, Iowa, $2. Christena and Sarah Garber, 
Mt. Sidney, Va., 50 cents. A Sister, Wetonka, 
South Dakota, $5. • Ferae Heagley, Leola, 
South Dakota, $5. Sarah Stover, Mt. Morris, 
111., $5. H E. Slifer and wife, Grundy Center, 
Iowa, $5. Sarah Beeghly, Kingsley, Iowa, $5. 
Collected by I. Cripe: Stella Turnspeed, 75 
cents; Irvin Fisher and wife, 50 cents; Frank 
Fisher and wife, $3; Tommie Greer, 50 cents; 
Aaron Maus, 75 cents; Ben Pugh, 50 cents; 
C. G. Fair and wife, $2; Wm. Turnspeed, $1.50; 
Jacob Jones and wife, $4; Laura Loquire, $1; 
T. R. Pugh, $1; Effie Keys, 25 cents; Roy 
Graft and wife, $5; Elizabeth Fike, $1; Henry 
Fisher, $1; Elmer Young, 75 cents; Sam'l 
Flora, 25 cents; Eliza S. Walt, $1; Hattie 
Bond, $1; John English, 50 cents; Flora 
Fisher, 25 cents; Louisa Miller, $1; Esther 
Miller, 25 cents; John W. Fisher, $1; A. L. 
Miller, $5; D. A. Miller, 25 cents; Isaac Fisher, 
50 cents; J. E. Miller, $5; S. C. Kinzie, 50 
cents. J. W. Galley and wife, Martinsburg, 
Pa., $25. W. D. Jamison, Quinter, Kans., 50 
cents. Collected by Mary E. Flora: Minnie 
Jamison, Quinter, Kans., 25 cents; J. M. Eisen- 
bise, Quinter, Kans., 50 cents; W. E. Roesch, 
Quinter, Kans., $1; Wm. Wells, Quinter, 
Kans., $1; D. H. Heckman, Quinter, Kans., 50 
cents; C. P. Ashworth, Quinter, Kans., 50 
cents; W. B. Hines, Hope, Kans., $1; J. M. 
Basher, Quinter, Kans., $1; D. F. Bowman, 
Quinter, Kans., $1; D. A. Crist, $1; H. D. Iken- 
berry, Quinter, Kans., $1; Frank Binka, 
Quinter, Kans., 50 cents; J. R. Mohler, Quin- 
ter, Kans., 50 cents; J. W. Jarboe, Quinter, 
Kans., 50 cents; G. L. Bingaman, Quinter, 
Kans., 50 cents; Mrs. J. E. Springer, Quinter. 
Kans., $1; Albert Flora, Quinter, Kans., 50 
cents; S. K. Kessler, Quinter, Kans., 25 cents; 
J. P. Oxley, Quinter, Kans., $1; T. E. George, 
Quinter, Kans., 50 cents; J. L. Ikenberry, 
Quinter, Kans., 50 cents; David Ikenberry, 
Quinter, Kans., 50 cents; J. E. Springer, Quin- 
ter, Kans., $2; T. P. Oxley, Quinter, Kans., 
50 cents; H. D. Bowman, Quinter, Kans., $2; 
James Sesser and wife, Quinter, Kans., $2; 
Nannie Bowman, Quinter, Kans., $1; J. O. 
Younce, Quinter, Kans., 50 cents; John Bow- 
man, Quinter, Kans., $1; W. B. Eby, Quinter, 
Kans., $1; E. E. Harader, Quinter, Kans., $1; 
F. L. Sesser, Quinter, Kans., $1; J. E. Haines, 
Quinter, Kans., $1; Ben. Flora, Quinter, Kans., 
50 cents; John Halderman, Quinter, Kans., 50 
cents; N. C. Lewis, Quinter, Kans., 50 cents; 
J. C. Flora, Quinter, Kans., 50 cents; John 
Williams, Quinter, Kans., $1; Henry Bru- 
baker, Quinter, Kans., 25 cents; J. C. Bru- 
baker, Quinter, Kans., 50 cents; C. L. Aughen- 
baugh, Quinter, Kans., 25 cents; J. F. 
Blickenstaff, Quinter, Kans., $5. Wm. H. 
Thomas, Red Cloud, Nebr., $5. Wm. Leather- 
man, Conejos, Cal., $2. Geo. W. Wolfens- 
berger, Lanark, 111., $2. Hannah Puderbaugh, 
Martinsburg, Pa., $3. Collected by S. A. Hon- 
berger: Lamotte Sunday school, 36 cents; 
Minnie Swinger, 50 cents; Mary Weller, $1; 
Sarah A. Cauliflower, $5; C. W. Gaines, 50 
cents; Jacob Swinger, $10; M. S. Seymour, $2; 
Susan Cauliflower, $1; Helen Gaines, 5 cents; 
Rebecca Winger, $1; Mary M. Stoner, $1; J. C. 
Stoner, $5; Amy Fitzpatrick, $1; Rebecca 
Fitzpatrick, $1; Gertrude Garber, 50 cents; 
Miss Ethel Stoner, 50 cents; Sarah Obenchain, 
$2; J. H. Jellison, $5; Allison Prairie church. 
$2.67; Jonas Rothrock, $1; A. J. Markman, $2; 
Oscar Ridgley, $1; Walnut Grove Sunday 
school, $1.85; Delila Forney, $1; Lizzie Slavan, 
$1; Sarah Eikenberry, $1; M. Eikenberry, $1; 
Sterling Sunday school. Sterling, 111., $5; H. 
H. Waddelon, $2; J. J. Scrogum, $3; O. C. 
Flanigan, $2; Sarah Courson, $2; Jacob Hersh- 

berger, $1.50; M. O. Hershberger, $1; David 
Hershberger, $3. 

Total, $380.68. 

H. F. Caylor, Secretary and Treasurer 
Building and Finance Committee. 

165 S. Clarkson Street, Denver, Colo. 


Rev. Robert C. Ward. 
So strangely strong the force appears 
That blinds and blights, with sin and tears, 
The minds of men for weary years, ^ 

And mars Messiah's plan. 
For customs cruel and absurd, 
So shameful to be told or heard, 
Now hide from them the wondrous wor 

That God became a Man. 

The foreign teacher from afar 

Doth dare reject the " things that are," 

On all oppression making war — ■ 

The war that makes for peace. 
He bids the tyrant stay his hand, 
And helps the poor to understand 
His birthright to a "better land," 

Where suffering shall cease. 

By line on line, by kindly deed, P| 
Nor health, nor wealth, nor life to heed, 
But wisely casting precious seed, 

The toilers win their way. 
They oft by fearsome pest may die 
Where kinsmen cannot hear their sigh, 
And none may know the reason why, 

Nor ask, "until that Day." 

So thus a goodly temple grows, 
Where God, the Master Builder, shows 
That stones He fashions best are those 

Which men so oft reject. 
The gruesome idols fallen lie, 
Whose victims now to God draw nigh; 
The gentle " Dayspring from on high " 

Proclaims them Christ's elect. 

The North and South and East and West! 
In varied creedal garments dressed, 
Will understand each other best 

As they in Christ unite. 
Expectant angels hover round, 
And long to make the skies resound 
With vibrant song, " Our King is crowned,! 

And full is earth's delight!" 

Ahmedabad, India. 


(Continued from Page 64.) 

than Naas, the Moores and the Poulsens,. 
who labored faithfully in their day? 
Then, after we have obeyed the com- 
mand, it is that He has promised to b|j 
with us to the end of the world. 
Rheems, Pa. 







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The Lord Our Righteousness 

By Elder S. N. McCann 

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Elgin, Illinois 

Vol. XI 

MARCH, 1909 

No. 3 

Board of Trustees, Old People's and Orphans' Home of Souther- x^ 

1. Adam Pfeifer. 4. Jonas Horning (President). 3. Adam *\? 

2. A Weimer. 5. Adam A. jh. 


vm M 

Contents for March, igoq. 


Comments, 103 


The Enemy's Walls Are Falling, By F. H. Crumpacker, 81 

Some Chinese Temples, By Geo. W. Hilton, 82 

Chinese Burden Bearers, By Emma Horning 86 

Fed by Ravens, By Mrs. Howard Taylor, 88 

Christian Giving, By Peter Brower, 90 

" It Is More Blessed to Give Than to Receive," By I. S. Long, 92 

The Place of Joy and Thanksgiving in Missionary Work, By C. Goodrich, D. D., 94 

Thanksgiving on the Red Sea, By Eliza B. Miller, 98 


■ 1 08 

The Missionary Visitor 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, Illinois. The third Wednesday in April, August 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Virginia. and December. 

L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Indiana. Address all communications to the 


Washington, D. C. BOARD, 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. Elgin, Illinois. 

Subscription Terms 

Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
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or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in 
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Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XI 

March, 1909 

Number 3 


F. H. Crumpacker 

DEAR reader, have you hear the joy- 
ful news ? Today the old, old story 
is getting into the hearts of nations in 
strides that were never before heard of. 
When the armies of the Medes and Per- 
sians were being arrayed against the 
Syrians the Lord prompted the Prophet 
Isaiah to stand up and talk to a then 
small and subdued people and tell them 
(the Israelites) that they were being 
preserved to preserve the Gospel of Life 
and that out of them should come a Sav- 
ior. Little did the people listen to him. 
Many of them called him mad; some 
railed on him. Yet the old prophet of 
God stayed by his message and told it. 

You may wonder what that has to do 
with the crumbling of the walls. I have 
but this in view. In that same speech 
the Lord spoke thru Isaiah and said: 
" I, even I, am the Lord ; and beside 
me there is no savior." Isa. 43: 11. 
Now read Isa. 43: 12-20. Notice es- 
pecially the 20th verse. Do you dare say 
that the power of God is limited? He 
gives to His people. 

I think that today we are living in a 
marvelous age. Apparently God is for 
a time dealing with nations. We may 
think it a bit strange to look on such 
movements as from God, but see the 
mighty Power as He is manifesting 
Himself in that quiet way. 

For several years the missionaries have 
been striving to get into Turkey. The 
devil kept them on the border only. The 
church universal has been praying God 

to open the door and throw down the 
enemies' walls. Of late apparently the 
walls have fallen and the Gospel is going 
into the heart of Turkey at a wonderful 
rate. It is almost better than the mis- 
sionaries were expecting, while at the 
same time they were praying for it. I 
think it a great triumph. We need only 
to think of the terrible massacres that 
took place in the Chinese Empire to see 
how the old dragon, Satan, was having 
his way. Today one can hardly believe 
the sights of his own eyes when he sees 
the huge barriers that are crumbling out 
of the way. Nothing but the hidden 
power of God could do such things. 

Some of the very people who helped to 
kill the missionaries a little while ago are 
now eagerly telling the story of the cross. 
It is the same God that Isaiah told the 
people about and exhorted them to trust. 
Men who do not see these things can 
scarcely believe it but oh, for the Church 
today to rise to her opportunity with men, 
women, and money, and help to do the 
detail work that God has called His dis- 
ciples to do! He opens the doors and 
asks His Church to step in and occupy. 
Here and there in our town we come 
upon a temple compound that till recently 
has been held as a place of worship. 
Now it is turned into a school and the 
Chinese Government and all her people 
are anxious to have a Western man come 
and teach them. It is that same Lord 
that is breaking down the wall, that wall 
of hatred that a few years ago was so 


*The Missionary Visitor 


bitter against the foreigners. Now the 
wall is down and yet the Church appar- 
ently does not move in to occupy. 

The enemy has not stopped working 
and I would not have one of the dear 
readers to think so. He is terrrible in his 
work, and at times when he sees his walls 
crumbling he makes what is called the 
death struggle, and here at times a mes- 
senger of the Gospel must sacrifice his 
life for the cause,- but with such there 
invariably comes a wonderful rebounding 
that overjumps by leaps and bounds 
what would have happened had the mes- 
senger denied that God, that said, " I am 
thy God and beside me there is no sav- 

That same God, that thousands of years 
ago inspired the prophet to tell His peo- 
ple that out of them should come a Sav- 
ior, is telling His people that thru them 
He is to reach the individuals. It is just 
marvelous at times to hear a man stand in 
a meeting and tell how a reading of a 
Gospel that happened to fall into his 
hands, brought him in as an inquirer and 
later as a member of God's Kingdom and 
later as an eager minister. Who will 

distribute the Gospels? The few mis- 
sionaries that are here are being over- 
worked till every now and then we get 
word that such a worker has broken 
down and must go home. I realize today 
as never before that Scripture that Jesus 
gave us : " The harvest truly is plenteous, 
but the laborers are few." 

Brethren, the harvest is especially ripe 
in China and the grain is being lost at 
a terrible rate. The enemy is abroad, and 
now that his walls are falling he seems to 
be in the death struggle. Ought the Lord 
to give you, my dear reader, any more 
direct call than to know that here you can 
place your hundreds and thousands to 
work with? In this life, love and joy, 
and in the life that is to come eternal joy. 
The Devil will not die here without a 
terrible struggle. Reader, we need your 
help to simply kill the Devil. If you can 
come to China apply to the General Board 
and tell them your purpose. If you can't 
come, send them the means to hire a sub- 
stitute. And with both of these ways of 
working combine the most powerful of 
all — intercessory prayer. 

Tai Yuen Fu, Shansi, China. 


Geo. W. Hilton 

IN walking upon the walls of our city 
you will notice many green, tiled roofs 
scattered here and there among the gray 
ones. These are the homes of China's 
gods. From one point on the wall you 
can count over forty of them, but this 
does not cover one-half of the actual 
number of temples in the city. No one 
seems to know how many there are, but 
there must be over a hundred large ones, 
besides the smaller private temples in the 
homes of the well to do people. 

As we stand in about the center of the 
city on the south wall and look north, 
just below us we see the temple of med- 
icine. Its location is marked by a cluster 
of large pine and elm trees, some of them 

hundreds of years old. Like Chinese 
houses, temples are built around a court 
with the most important structure facing 
the front. In this instance it is the home 
of the medicine god, and is a fine piece of 
Chinese architecture, covered almost all 
over on the sides and back with the 
memorial tablets of great men who havej 
been healed here. Now step inside with 
me while I show you how it is done. 

There sits the god behind a screen to 
keep the insects away. He is a benevolent- \ 
looking old chap with a long beard. His ! 
figure seems to be of bronze, but is only 
mud gilded over. Before him continually 
burns an incense altar. You ask, how: 
does he heal? I will tell you. The priest 

Temple of Medicine, Tai Yuen Fu, Shansi. 

of the temple lights a bundle of incense 
sticks and gives them to the patient who, 
with the burning sticks in his hands, 
bows to the god before him. Then the 
priest places the incense on the altar, 
and the man on his knees knocks his head 
three times on the floor. Then the priest 
gives him a box containing a number of 
small sticks with numbers on them. The 
patient on his knees shakes this box until 
one of the sticks falls out. The man again 
knocks his head to the god, and the priest 
takes his stick and gets a prescription 
from a row of books on the wall that 
corresponds with it in number. This 
must then be taken to a native doctor, 
who will give the medicine called for, and 
the patient will get well. As I saw these 
deluded ones vainly seeking help from a 
dumb god, how I longed to tell them of 
that one great Physician ! 

In other parts of this temple are almost 
two hundred other figures. Not all of 
them are idols, some of them being the 
servants of the idols. Here is the god of 
war, a fine old fellow, who sat quite still 
and unconcerned while I took his picture. 
He is just as quiet and unconcerned when 
appealed to for help by his worshipers. 
Here are figures of Buddha and of the 
saints of the Buddhist religion. The most 
interesting idol here is in a small tower 
three stories high. She is called the 
goddess of the little heaven tower. A 
friend of mine, who teaches here in a 
Chinese school and rents a room from the 

priest and lives in this compound, was 
invited by the priest to take his bed up 
into this tower and sleep at the feet of 
this goddess during the hot weather. 
Her home is very pretty and the back- 
ground is made of artificial stones, beau- 
tifully painted. My attempt to take her 
picture failed. 

The next important temple that I 
visited was the temple of rewards and 
punishments. This like the other is a 
Buddhist temple. Here are portrayed all 
the tortures of a Buddhist hell. Figures in 
clay are undergoing all sorts of torture, 
and the object seems to be to create fear 
on the part of the beholders, lest they sin 
and come into this same condemnation. 
Perhaps it has its effect on some, but 
while we looked at them, several Chinese 
were also looking on, laughing and jok- 
ing about what they saw. Briefly I shall 
tell you of what I saw. 

First, there are two large rooms where 
these tortures are to be seen. Each has 
three large figures of judges, whose wise 
looks make you feel solemn as you see 
the central one, who pronounces his judg- 
ments with outstretched hand. Here is a 
man being ground in a mill. He stands 
head downward while two men with 
heads like horses turn the mill and the 
dogs stand by licking up his blood. An- 
other is stripped to the waist and tied on 
a hot bed, which has a sort of lever, 
worked by one of the demons, by which 
he is squeezed to extort confession. Here 

The God "Who Went to Heaven and Returned Again to the Temple. 

are a number of men hanged by their 
hair, another has his head, hands and 
feet tied to a pole behind him, Another 
is tied with the pole under his knees. 
Here stand demons with uplifted swords, 
knives and clubs over their trembling 
victims. Here is a woman being drowned 
in a pool of blood. Here are those kneel- 
ing with uplifted hands and eyes, praying 
to the judges for mercy, drawing one's 
mind forward to the last great day, when 
the lost ones will cry for the rocks and 
hills to fall upon them and hide them from 
the presence of Him that sitteth on the 
throne. Here is a mountain of torture, 
along the sides of which are many sharp 
knives, upon which hang the victims of 
the evil one. Here he stands, with his 

God of War in the Temple of Medicine. 

uplifted club, driving another trembling 
victim to his death. Here is a woman 
that has been changed into an ass because 
of her misdeeds. Here are two victims 
tied back to back, while two demons saw 
them asunder. But this is enough ; let us 
look at the rewards for the righteous. 

Here is the famous gold and silver 
bridge that spans the place of destruction, 
over which the righteous only can pass. 
Here is a great tower, upon which the 
righteous stand after death and view 
their old home or village. Here are two 
righteous ones being anointed by a benev- 
olent-looking old man. There stands a 
frail-looking woman in a prison door. 
Here is her son who, because of his 
righteous life, has found favor with the 
judges, and interceded for his mother, 
thereby securing her release. How like 
the purgatory of Catholicism, which 
recognizes the necessity of an intercessor, 
and on the other hand so much like our 
Christ who, by His righteous life and 
His death on the cross, found favor with 
God and was enabled to purchase our 
redemption, and who is now the great 
Intercessor at the right hand of God. 

In another room are two large Bud- 
dhas with twelve musicians and waiting 
maids. Still another room contains an 
altar of incense and a box of divination 
sticks, where for a few cash you may find 
what punishment awaits you. Outside 
are a number of horses and attendants 


The Missionary Visitor 


for the use of the gods within. These 
also are made of clay. 

There is a large temple outside the 
south wall that is closed to the public. 
Another interesting one has over two 
hundred figures, several being very in- 
teresting. Here is a princess riding a 
large dragon. I think this the most elab- 
orate figure I have seen. To her are of- 
fered the prayers of childless mothers 
for offspring. And here is another one 
who used to be a waiter in the temple, 
but one day he is supposed to have gone 
to heaven and returned, thus himself be- 
coming a god. Now he has a number 
of servants and soldiers to wait on him 
and do his bidding. 

Near Taiku is a fine temple, built on 
the mountain-side near a fine large 
spring. In this temple is a large gilt 
Buddha about thirty feet high. The sur- 
rounding mountain makes a fine natural 
amphitheater, so once a year during the 
autumn the whole city goes out to this 
temple to attend the theater that is held 
there for several days. Here they eat 
watermelon, smoke opium, and watch the 
performance. A theater stand is a ne- 
cessity with each temple, for from this 
come the expenses of running the tem- 
ple. I am glad to say that many of these 
temples are being closed. 

My Chinese friend who showed me 
around said : " China has found that her 
idols are of no use. Here is a large 
Confucian temple that has been convert- 
ed into a school. It covers several acres 
of ground. Here is another temple with 
yellow roofs. This proclaims it as a roy- 

al temple, for the people are not allowed 
to use the royal color for any purpose." 
In 1900 the Empress fled with her court 
from Peking to this city and made her 
home at this temple. Now each year the 
city turns out in a body and worships 
her image here. 

In the temple of rewards and punish- 
ments is now located the headquarters 
of a lot of the city's policemen. They 
now occupy the old quarters of the 
priests. The idols here are in a decay- 
ing condition, and it will be but a few 
years until this Buddhist hell will be a 
thing of the past. Another temple has 
been converted into relief headquarters 
for the poor. The government furnishes 
millet which is distributed to the beg- 
gars once each day by the priests. An- 
other is converted into a school for 
teaching weaving. Here are located fifty 
men who are learning the trade. 

And here, as at most places, the idols 
still stand. Most of the temples are in a 
state of decay, many gods having no 
shelter over their heads. I have seen 
but one new temple since coming to 
China. In a few more years they will 
be gone, some converted into schools, 
others will have fallen down, as many in 
the city already have, and China will be 
without a religion. Brethren, the oppor- 
tunity is ours to supplant the false with 
the true. Will we as a church rise to the 
opportunity with men and means, and 
have a part in this new transformation? 
Will you pray with us for this change to 
come, when the Kingdom of China will 
become the Kingdom of our Lord and 
of His Christ? 


G. Elizabeth Messner. 

There is a place faith loves to view, 
Hope bids the cares of life adieu; 
That place of all divinely sweet — 
I It is the blood-bought mercy seat." 

I No fear, no woe, shall dim the hour 
Which manifests the Savior's pow'r;" 
Satan, dismayed, doth then retreat, 
When saints approach the mercy seat. 

Oh, could we e'er with Christ remain, 
His blood should cleanse from ev'ry stain, 
And God Himself would love to greet 
His children at the mercy seat. 

Could we, like Enoch, walk with God, 
And follow in the path he trod, 
The heathen lands might also meet, 
Rejoicing, at the mercy seat. 
Lake Odessa, Michigan. 

A Native Cart. 


Emma Horning 

T N passing- through these Chinese 
■*- streets we are once more reminded 
that each man must bear his own burden. 
Here is a careworn woman tottering 
along with crippled feet, using a small 
cane with which to steady her unsteady 
steps. There is a poor old beggar with 
indescribable clothing and a cry which 
once heard will never be forgotten. 
Here some dirty, ragged children run be- 
fore you, kneel, and bow their heads in 
the dust, and beg for a cash. As we 
pass along we wonder what burden of 
sorrow each carries beneath his ragged 
garments. As yet our tongues are tied. 
We know not their joys or sorrows. We 
pass on as " ships that pass in the 
night." May the day soon come when 
we can share their burdens. 

Even if the burdens they carry in their 
hearts are unknowable to us, yet the 
burdens they carry on their backs are 
surely conspicuous everywhere. Here 
men carry great loads which we count 
suitable for horses only. A large pole 
balanced across the shoulder is the great 
instrument by which their various com- 

modities are carried. At the ends of 
these poles are swung great pails of 
water, baskets of coal, all kinds of vege- 
tables, poultry, grain and fodder. In the 
same way the barber carries his portable 
barber shop ; thus the butcher carries his 
meat market, and the street corner res- 
taurant has the convenience of being 
carried likewise when night puts a close 
to his business. 

Another great means of helping them 
bear their burdens is the wheelbarrow. 
A strap is loosely fastened across the 
handles of the barrow. This he puts 
over his shoulders, then seizes the 
handles firmly and pushes with the 
strength of a horse. A small boy often 
pulls by a rope tied to the front. Thus 
great loads of grain, coal, and earth for 
burning with the coal, are hauled long 

Animals also have their share of the 
burdens. Everything is on the move 
here, slow to be sure, but nevertheless 
steadily. China will get there by and by 
slow but sure. The patient little donke}: 
surely does his share of work. His bur- 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Wheelbarrow of Native Cabbage. 

dens are often as large as himself. To- 
day I saw a man coming from the 
country with several donkeys well laden 
with great sacks of his products, while 
still on top of his sacks were tied a num- 
ber of chickens 
which sat up there 
as best they could, 
quite unmindful of 
their fate on the 
morrow. Great 
trains of these don- 
keys bring coal from 
the mine in large 
baskets hung across 
their backs. They 
seem to be very con- 
scious of their dig- 
nity as burden bear- 
ers, walking straight along, making no 
trouble and requiring but a couple of 
drivers to the train, thus leaving them in 
general to their own free will. 

All the largest burdens are carried on 
two-wheeled wagons. You never see 
any vehicles here with four wheels. 
These have shafts in which one animal 
is placed, while several others are 
formed in the lead, sometimes one ahead 
of the other, sometimes side by side. 
The animals may be a horse and several 
mules, or an ox and some donkeys, or 
a mule and an ox and a donkey. You 
may continue the combination at liberty 
and you can not miss the reality far. 
The harness is usually made of rope. 
In this way great loads of timber are 
balanced on the cart and taken any dis- 

tance. Loads of their massive bricks 
are tied on and carried in this way. If 
you want a large load of any kind well 
tied together, get a Chinaman to do it. 

The patient old ox with his water 
cart must not be forgotten, for he is a 
necessity to every household that has no 
well. He with his driver goes to a well, 
or the lake outside of the city, where the 
tank is filled. Then he creeps back to 
the city very slowly. I believe he goes 
to sleep occasionally, for at times he 
stops and his driver has quite a time to 
get him started again. These are seen 
any time of the day creeping along the 
city streets. 

Most conspicuous of all these animals 
are the great, patient camels. Almost 
any time of the day you can hear the 
music of their bells 
as they pass so soft- 
ly, so slowly, so 
stately through the 
narrow streets with 
their burden of mer- 
chandise. One nev- 
er tires of watching 
their elastic step, pa- 
tient face, and great 
shaggy body. 
Whenever their bell 
The camel. »s heard you eagerly 

watch till they come 
in sight ; then the eye continues to fol- 
low them till they are out of view. 

Imagine if you can hundreds of these 
burden bearers and many, many other 
different kinds, with dogs of every sort, 
and pigs of a kind I am sure you never 

A Saddle Horse, a Carriage, 

and a Load of 


The Missionary Visitor 


saw, with crowds of people simply walk- 
ing; these all crowded in one narrow 
street, which has never been worked or 

paved, but worn in great ruts, and you 
have a faint, picture of our market street. 
Tai Yuen Fu, Shansi, China. 


Mrs. Howard Taylor 

The following appeared in " China's Millions/'' 
one of the most careful and cleanest of mission- 
ary journals. The author is a writer of world- 
wide reputation in mission circles; hence the state- 
ment may be relied upon, and should prompt many 
to live by greater faith in " the added things " 
promised to those who seek the kingdom first. 

some time since the following ex- 
perience of one of the Chinese converts: 

" Soon after Mr. Li's conversion he 
heard an impressive sermon from Mr. 
Stanley Smith, upon the words, ' Covet- 
ousness which is idolatry.' He was 
greatly concerned to think that, having 
given up idolatry, he might be betrayed 
into the same sin through allowing a 
covetous spirit to have any place in his 
heart. To avoid this danger he deter- 
mined to keep no money of his own and 
to possess no property. His little house 
and farm he handed over to his nephew, 
and devoted himself entirely to making 
known the Gospel, sustained by the sim- 
ple hospitality of those to whom he min- 
istered, and to whom his prayers brought 
help and healing for body as well as 
soul. His labors were wonderfully 
owned of God, and resulted in building 
up a church in the Yohyang district, 
which he has long shepherded with lov- 
ing care. As time went on he opened a 
refuge for the cure of opium smokers, 
and in this way also was made a blessing 
to many. This work, of course, could 
not be carried on without expense, and 
there were times when supplies ran 
short, and dear old Li was enabled to 
prove in very special ways the faithful- 
ness of God. 

"After some years a breath of what 

we may call, perhaps, ' higher criticism ' 
reached this far-away province, and the 
old man heard in connection with the 
story of Elijah's being fed by ravens that 
they were not real birds that brought 
the bread and meat, but some kind of 
dark-skinned people, probably Arabs, 
who shared with him their supplies, for 
it was absurd to suppose that birds 
would ever act in the way described. It 
would be miraculous. But this way of 
explaining the matter did not at all com- 
mend itself to the old man's simple faith. 
Miracles were no difficulty to him. He 
had seen far too often the wonder-work- 
ing power of God put forth in answer 
to prayer. . And, besides, in this very 
connection he had an experience which 
no amount of arguing could gainsay. 
The story has been so carefully verified 
on the spot, by Mr. Lutley and others, 
that one has no hesitation in passing it 
on, strange as it may seem to our ears. 

"At one time, in his refuge work, old 
Li had come to an end of all his re- 
sources. There were no patients coming 
for treatment ; the refuge was empty ; his 
supplies were exhausted, and his faith 
was a good deal tried. Quite near by, in 
the large temple of the village, lived a 
cousin who was priest-in-charge, and 
who, when he came to see his relative 
from time to time, would bring a little 
present of bread or millet from his ample 


The Missionary Visitor 


store. The old man on receiving these 
gifts would always say, ' Tien-Fu-tih 
entien ' — ' My Heavenly .Father's grace ' 
-meaning that it was through the care 
and kindness of God that these gifts 
were brought. But the priest did not ap- 
prove of- that way of looking at it, and 
at last remonstrated : 

" ' Where does your Heavenly Father's 
grace come in, I should like to know? 
The millet is mine. I bring it to you. 
And if I did not, you would very soon 
starve for all that He would care. He 
has nothing at all to do with it.' 

" ' But it is my Heavenly Father who 
puts it into your heart to care for me,' 
replied old Li. 

" ' Oh, that's all very well,' inter- 
rupted the priest. ' We shall see what 
will happen if I bring the millet no 
more.' And for a week or two he kept 
away ; although his better nature prompt- 
ed him to care for the old man whom he 
could not but esteem for the works of 
mercy in which he was constantly en- 

"As it happened, this was just the 
time in which dear old Li was specially 
short of supplies. At last there came a 
day when he had nothing left for another 
meal. The refuge was still empty, and 
he had not the cash to buy a morsel of 
bread. Kneeling alone in his room, he 
poured out his heart in prayer to God. 
He knew very well that the Father in 
heaven would not, could not, forget him ; 
and after pleading for blessing on his 
work and upon the people all around 
him, he reminded the Lord of what the 
priest had said, asking that for the honor 
of His own great name, He would send 
him that day his daily bread. 

*' Then and there the answer came. 
While the old man was still kneeling in 
prayer, he heard an unusual clamor and 
cawing and flapping of wings in the 
courtyard outside, and a noise as of 
something falling to the ground. He 
rose and went to the door to see what 
was happening. A number of vultures 
or ravens, which are common in that 
part of China, were flying about in great 

commotion above him, and as he looked 
up a large piece of fat pork fell at his 
very feet. One of the birds, chased by 
the others, had dropped it just at that 
moment on that spot. Thankfully the 
old man took up the unexpected portion, 
saying, ' My Heavenly Father's kind- 
ness.' And then glancing about him to 
see what had fallen before he came out, 
he discovered a large piece of Indian 
meal bread, all cooked and ready for eat- 
ing. Another bird had dropped that 
also; and there was his dinner bounti- 
fully provided. Evidently the ravens had 
been on a foraging expedition, and, 
overtaken by stronger birds, had let go 
their booty. But whose hand had guided 
them to relinquish their prize right above 
his little courtyard? 

" With a wondering heart, overflow- 
ing with joy, the dear old man kindled a 
fire to prepare the welcome meal; and 
w T hile the pot was still boiling, the door 
opened, and, to his great delight, his 
cousin the priest walked in. 

" ' Well, has your Heavenly Father 
sent you anything to eat ? ' he somewhat 
scoffingly inquired, saying nothing about 
the bag of millet he had brought, care- 
fully concealed up his sleeve. 

" ' Look and see,' responded the old 
man, smiling, as he indicated the sim- 
mering vessel on the fire. 

" For some time the priest would not 
lift the lid, feeling sure there was noth- 
ing boiling there but water ; but at length 
the savory odor was unmistakable, and, 
overcome by curiosity, he peeped into 
the earthen pot. What was his astonish- 
ment when the excellent dinner was re- 

" ' Why,' he cried, ' where did you get 
this ? ' 

" ' My Heavenly Father sent it,' re- 
sponded the old man gladly. ' He put it 
into your heart, you know, to bring me 
a little millet from time to time, but when 
you would do so no longer it was quite 
easy for Him to find another messenger.' 
And the whole incident, his prayer and 
the coming of the ravens, was graph- 
ically told. 


The Missionary Visitor 


" The priest was so much impressed 
by what he saw and heard that he be- 
came from that time an earnest inquirer, 
and before long confessed his faith in 
Christ by baptism. He gave up his com- 
fortable living in the temple for the 
blessed reality that now satisfied his soul. 
He supported himself as a teacher, be- 
came a much respected deacon in the 
church, and during the Boxer troubles of 
1900 endured terrible tortures and finally 
laid down his life for Jesus' sake. 

" O dear friends, we are dealing with 
the living God today just as really and 

truly as did Elijah and the saints of old. 
I have told this incident to some length 
just to bring home to our hearts a fresh 
realization of the blessed fact that what 
He was, He is. Our Heavenly Father 
is unchanged. He acts on the same 
principles still." 

" But my God shall supply all your 
need according to his riches in glory by 
Christ Jesus."— Philpp. 4: 19. 

" God is able to make all grace abound 
toward you: that ye, always having all 
sufficiency in all things, may abound to 
every good work." — 2 Cor. 9: 8. 


Peter Brower 

/"OFFERINGS are of very early 
^^ origin among God's people. As 
remote as the time when Cain and Abel 
brot theirs to the Lord offerings and 
prayer were very closely associated, and 
were special features in their worship. 
One was as obligatory as the other; one 
was as essential to their spiritual devel- 
opment as the other. Under the former 
dispensation every devout Jew was re- 
quired to give one-tenth to the Lord. 
Even animals were tithed. Passing one 
by one out of some enclosure, the gate- 
keeper touched every tenth with a rod 
and thus it was designated for the Le- 
vites. No animal thus designated could 
be changed for another. 

Religious tithes were in use long be- 
fore the time of Moses, as we learn from 
Abraham's homage to Melchisedek, and 
Jacob's vow on his way to Padan-Aram. 
We are taught by ancient history that 
they were in use among almost all na- 
tions in those early times. Separate 
from this they had their various meat 
offerings, with their meat and drink 
offerings. First fruits, consisting of the 
first sheaf of barley on the second day 
of the Passover, and the first loaves of 
Pentecost were presented to God as offer- 
ings for the whole nation. The offerings 

of all sorts of first fruits were required 
year after year, by each individual. 
There were first fruits of the harvest and 
the vintage, from the threshing floor, 
the wine press, the oil press and the 
honey-crowded hive, from the first baked 
bread of the new crop, and from the 
fleecy treasures gathered at every time 
of shearing of the flock. Ex. 23 : 19 ; 
Num. 15: 19-21. By careful study of 
Jewish economy we find that the faith- 
ful, devout Jew often gave two and 
sometimes three-fifths of his annual in- 
come, but it was a fixed matter with 
them that one-tenth belonged to the 
Lord, and it represented the minimum 
and not the maximum of their giving. 

Some are willing to justify themselves 
by saying this belongs to law and not to 
grace. The good former dispensation 
was the foundation, the groundwork, for 
the entire superstructure of the new, and 
the very principles contained in the Old 
Testament are carried out more per- 
fectly in the New. The former was 
weak and could not make the comers 
thereunto perfect; it was only to a 
chosen nation. The New raises us to a 
higher plane, instills more of the God 
nature into our lives, our vision of God's 
purpose broadens, our field of labor en- 


The Missionary Visitor 


larges. So the blessed Master could say, 
"All power is given to me " to delegate 
my followers " to go and disciple all 
nations " in every land and in every 
clime. Our environments are so much 
better, our opportunities are much great- 
er, we are living in an age of wealth, in 
an age of luxury, when people get " rich 
quick " and are inclined to forget God. 
With greater opportunities and more 
blessings come also greater responsibili- 

And as our vision and field of labor 
enlarge, God demands of His people a 
broader sphere of ownership. Every 
Spirit-filled soul feels that everything, 
our service and lives, belongs to the Lord. 
And many are willing to lay it all on 
the altar for His blessed cause. We are 
just so many stewards; all our money is 
to be spent for His use, all things and 
all our work become part of a conse- 
crated life for His glory. 

While the tithe may satisfy God's de- 
mands for the poor saint, it belongs to 
Him, it is out of all proportion for the 
wealthy, who have been blessed with 
abundance. God surely will require in- 
terest for the nine-tenths entrusted to 
our care. 

System is apparent in all the handi- 
work of God. The planets revolve with 
such regularity and precision that 
eclipses can be figured out in advance to 
the second. God's plans for His Church 
are as systematic as His plans for the 
universe, including the financial system 
for supporting the Gospel and propa- 
gating it thruout the world. 

The first thing to emphasize is that the 
offering is to be made weekly. This is 
clearly taught in 1 Cor. 16: 2. Every 
well regulated Christian home has its 
stated times for prayer and devotion ; be- 
sides certain conditions may call for 
special seasons. Yet if no certain stated 
; time is adopted, this great means of 
grace is almost certainly neglected. Just 
so in giving we should have our regular 
times, and still at times need special 
offerings. All experience proves that the 
weekly offering, " or laying by in store," 

brings more money, and brings it easier 
for the spread of the Gospel, and also 
brings greater blessings to the giver than 
any other method. If only all church 
members in America would give one 
penny per week for missionary pur- 
poses, it would bring the neat sum of ten 
millions of dollars per year; a postage 
stamp per week would bring twenty 
millions, a street car fare per week, fifty 
millions, and so on. Because giving is a 
means of great grace just as much as 
prayer, every Christian and every mem- 
ber of a Christian family, should exercise 
both in prayer and Christian giving. 

Our people have found out long ere this 
that it is not advisable nor edifying for 
only a few to do the congregational pray- 
ing. For proper development every 
member must have its seasons of prayer. 
Just so in giving, every member should 
give. Paul says, " Every one of you lay 
by in store." Every child in the home 
should early be trained in the necessity of 
and the great' blessings obtained by giv- 
ing. It is a fearful thing to form the 
habit of not giving. We become dwarfed 
and selfish ; we become like the eddy in 
the river or the Dead Sea, always taking 
in and never giving out. Our religion 
should be an overflowing well within us, 
that others might obtain the life-giving 
principle. There is perhaps no other one 
thing in the entire Christian experience 
that inspires us to such activity in the 
entire Christian sphere and brings such 
wonderful blessings as proper giving to 
the Lord's cause. The " Lord loves a 
cheerful- (hilarious) giver." By giving 
to the Lord you are laying up treasure in 
heaven where thieves will not break thru 
and steal. 

We could obtain the testimony of many 
who are tithing and even giving more to 
the Lord's cause, who will testify that 
the Lord is wonderfully blessing them, 
both temporally and spiritually. Many 
adopted the plan in their childhood or 
youth. How true, " The liberal soul 
shall be made fat," and " It is more 
blessed to give than to receive " ! What 
comfort and consolation to the child of 


The Missionary Visitor 


God! It was many centuries ago when 
God said to some of his doubting chil- 
dren, on this point, " Bring all the tithes 
into the storehouse that there may be 
meat in my house, and prove me there- 
with if I will not open you the windows 
of heaven and pour you out a blessing 
that there will not be room enough to re- 
ceive it." Even before this time an ex- 
periment of this kind was had among 
God's people. The result was the tithes 
lay in great heaps, beyond the ability of 
the Lord's priests to make use of them. 
When the priests and Levites were ques- 
tioned about the heaps the answer came, 
" Since the people began to bring the of- 

ferings into the house of the Lord, we 
have had enough to eat and have left 
plenty, for the Lord hath blessed his peo- 
ple and that which is left is this great 

Today if the Lord's people would 
bring in their tithes the means would be 
abundant to carry the Gospel to every 
creature and to every land, and the finite 
mind cannot comprehend the spiritual 
activity that would abound among His 
people. Let us comprehend more fulh 
our duty to God and man and be faithful 
with the " mammon of unrighteousness " 
entrusted to us. 

South English, Iowa. 


I. S. Long 

\X7E are all glad that Jesus said these 
* * words. No mere man could have 
said them. ' After nineteen hundred years 
of reading them £ew men can appreciate 
them. But they are just like Jesus, for 
He spoke right out of His big heart of 

No one denies that there is joy in re- 
ceiving. But if we go to making a com- 
parison between the joy of giving and 
the joy of receiving I feel sure that all 
true hearts will be compelled to agree 
with the Master. 

Giving was the very life of Jesus. He 
came not to be ministered unto but to 
minister and to give His life a ransom 
for many. He came to empty Himself 
of glory that we might attain unto glory 
thru Him; "to become the Son of man 
that we might become the sons of God. 
Yes, He was daily giving of Himself for 
the hosts around Him. It may be that 
we do not have the mind of the Master. 
If not, Paul says we are none of His. 
Rom. 8:9. I pray that we may examine 
ourselves to see whether we are like Him, 
in the faith. A coin may have the proper 

stamp on and yet be alloy, counterfeit, 
one that will not pass in the market. 
The Sardis church was evidently popu- 
lar among the people and in the province 
— she had a " name " — but in the sight 
of Him with whom we all have to do she 
was dead. The Spirit of God, the mind 
of the Master, was not there. 

Giving is the very life of the Godhead. 
God the Father gave the richest jewel in 
heaven, His only begotten Son, for sin- 
ful men, for His enemies at that. And 
the Father, more true as such than our 
highest conception of a father, is forever 
and in manifold ways giving, preserving, 
supporting, keeping. The Son, too, our 
Savior, came of His own free will and 
lived and died for us. John 10: 18. He 
was not murdered against His own will. 
And to all those who are called by the 
name of Jesus, to Christians, the life and 
nature of the Father and Son go out 
freely thru the Holy Spirit. Through 
the Spirit Jesus is present with us all the 
days to bless and use. 

In the second place if we think of! 
profit and loss, the way of the world, we 


The Missionary Visitor 


shall have to admit again that the above 
heading is true. Some may say that 
" profit and loss " is a low standard for 
spiritual teaching. Nevertheless we all 
well understand the words, what they 
mean, for they are so practical. Finan- 
cially it is often true, that giving is more 
blessed than receiving, is more profitable 
than receiving. The friendly, philan- 
thropic merchant is no loser because of 
his good disposition. He has more 
friends and so more trade than the miser. 
More trade, more profit. 

The heading is true mentally. As one 
teaches he learns the more. No one for- 
gets what he teaches merely because he 
gives it out. Oliver Wendell Holmes 
used to talk merely to crystallize his 

The statement is certainly true spirit- 
ually. This, most of all, we desire to be 
able to appreciate. Giving produces a 
reflex blessing. Selfishness, on the other 
hand, is destructive to the soul. In proof 
I append several stories that will illus- 
trate. There is a story told of two trav- 
elers who were crossing a mountain in a 
cold, snowy time. Finally, they came to 
a man lying by the roadside and he was 
almost frozen from' cold. One of the 
travelers wished to pass on, leaving him 
to his fate. The other protested that 
they were under obligations to help the 
poor fellow. The first went on his way 
alone, while the second by thoroly 
chafing the benumbed man's limbs brot 
him to life. After a time these two were 
on their way, happy for the rescue, when 
lo, the first was found by the way frozen 
to death. Selfishness killed him. Jesus' 
words are always true : " He that loveth 
his life shall lose it; and he that hateth 
his life in this world shall keep it unto 
life eternal." 

Is it not the experience of those who 
give the tithe that they more truly live 
thereby; that the giving is to them a 
source of prosperity to both body and 
soul ? " There is that scattereth and in- 
creaseth yet more ; and there is that with- 
holdeth more than is meet, but it tendeth 
only to want." Moreover, " There is 

that maketh himself rich, yet hath noth- 
ing: there is that maketh himself poor, 
yet hath great wealth." 

There are times in the experience of 
every church when the question is put: 
"Are we able to give for this special col- 
lection, under present conditions? Can 
we afford to give to this missionary col- 
lection, it being a hard year ? " To any 
such question the apt reply is, " Can we 
afford not to give?" How one loses 
spiritually by trying to keep back the 
Lord's goods from Him ! An artist was 
once asked to paint a " decaying church." 
He represented a magnificent building 
with all the furnishings perfect; but in 
one corner of the church was the offer- 
ing box, dusty and covered with cob- 
webs, thru disuse. We often hear it said 
that the church that is not awake for the 
heathen is sterile for the people next 
door. Inactive for foreign work; in- 
active for home work. It is said that the 
Church Missionary Society has saved the 
Church of England from decay and 

Did you ever think why it is that Mo- 
hammedanism and Hinduism and Bud- 
dhism, etc., live today in the way they do ? 
Says a great preacher : " The Moslem 
power sprang from the ashes of an ex- 
tinguished missionary fire. The Mo- 
hammedan power could never have 
arisen in the days of a living church." 
How true ! The Christian church of 
Arabia at that time was formal, without 
life and power. As a result idolatry 
grew apace. Mohammed's hatred for 
this and his zeal for the living God is 
the foundation of Mohammedanism. To- 
day as a result of neglect on the part of 
the Arabian church two hundred millions 
are existing, not living, in the ignorance, 
filth and degradation of Mohammedan- 

Shall we more truly begin to appre- 
ciate Jesus' words? . To do so will re- 
quire of us that we test them in experi- 
ence. We shall have to live them to 
know their peace-giving power. And 
once we enter this higher life of the Mas- 
ter we may rest assured we shall never 


The Missionary Visitor 


leave it for the husks we formerly ate. 

" Is thy cruse of comfort failing? 
Haste its failing drops to share; 
And through all the years of famine 
Thou shalt still have drops to spare. 

" Love divine will fill thy storehouse, 
Or thy handful still renew; 
Scanty fare for one will often 
Make a royal feast for two. 

" For the heart grows rich in giving, 
All its wealth is living grain; 
Seeds which mildew in the garner, 
Scattered, fill with gold the plain. 

"Is the heart a living power? 

Self-entwined, its strength sinks low: 
It can only live by loving, 
And by serving, love will grow." 

Jalalpor, India. 


C. Goodrich, D. D. 

T N one's outlook on life, very much de- 
-*■ pends on the viewpoint. There are 
at least two ways of looking at the life 
of a missionary. One is that it holds 
tremendous sacrifices, constant trials and 
intense disappointments. To begin with, 
all one's dearest ambitions must be sur- 
rendered, home ties sundered, and a 
voyage endured that puts the world be- 
tween one and the dear native land. And 
all for what? To be buried up in some 
remote corner of the planet, to be de- 
spised, doubted, perhaps ill-treated, pos- 
sibly martyred. At best there is a great 
language barrier, and one must stumble 
and falter and be laughed at instead of 
being eloquent and persuasive, , admired 
and loved. Ah! these things are very 
real. By and by the first converts are 
gained and alas ! they prove false. . (This 
was the writer's experience.) Strange, 
uncomplimentary words are heard as one 
walks the street. The years come and 
the years go. Trials are sometimes met 
that may not be written with pen and 

At length there comes a Boxer experi- 
ence that rocks one's life to the center. 
As a sequel a little family is parted, and 
wife and children go to the home land. 
Two summers and winters pass, and the 
missionary finds a lovely breathing place 
on the top of the world. What long full 
breaths he takes ! And what joy he finds 
between the missionary visits and ad- 

dresses ! One day he meets a lang syne 
friend. Suddenly the question is asked, 
"Are you going again to China ? You're 
a fool, Chauncey, you're a fool." 

Another view of missionary work we 
heard at the first China Conference in the 
closing words of an address which was 
a poem for its beauty. " It is a work fit 
for the hands of an angel, and it holds a 
joy fit for the heart of an angel." In 
what startling contrast is this outburst 
to the gruesome view pictured above! 
Is it the truth or is it enthusiasm ? Per- 
haps it is both. It does not deny the 
trials and the cross, but it seems to say 
that the suffering may be far under- 
valued by the joy which so far over- 
measures and conquers it, and which, it 
would seem, must be filled from some 
hidden and perennial springs. Was it so 
that the Great Missionary, with the cross 
before Him, could say, " I delight to do 
thy will, O my God"? 

What now may be some reasons for 
joy and thanksgiving in the missionary 
work ? Shall we mention first this word 
of the Master? 

It Is a Joy to Feel That We Are Doing 
His Will. 

We can learn to say, " I delight to do 
thy will, O my God." There was a time 
when we heard the word — addressed as 
it seemed to us — " Go ye into all the 
world." The message grew to be very 
personal and insistent, almost as if we 


The Missionary Visitor 


heard the Lord's own voice calling us 
" far hence to the Gentiles." It cost 
some heart wrenches before we could 
say, " Lo I come, I delight to do thy 
will, O my God." But every since it has 
been very sweet to feel that here in the 
unterwelt we were doing His will. It is 
indeed a joy fit for the heart of an angel. 
Having heard the Lord's call there be- 
gan to be some new stirrings of heart 
toward our newly adopted country. 
China gained our heart as well as our 
service, our love with our life, and we 
began to sing, 

" Bear me on, thou restless ocean, 
Let the winds my canvas swell, 

Heaves my heart with warm emotion, 
While I go far hence to dwell, 

Glad I bid thee, 

Native land, farewell, farewell!" 

Since that time, as the years have 
lengthened into decades, the new coun- 
try has grown more into our heart. Na- 
tive land is never a whit less dear, but 
a new affection has grown up for the 
once strange people. 

It Is a Joy to Be Engaged in a Glorious 
Work with a Glorious Future. 

And where is there a greater work on 
the planet than in bringing a resurrection 

life to this continental land ? The leaven 
of the Gospel, which with prayers and 
toils, and sometimes with many tears, we 
are putting into China, shall work and 
work " until the whole is leavened." 
Sometimes we become seers, and behold 
" these coming from the land of Sinim." 
Other work may fail; this will triumph. 
Does it seem impossible for China to be 
lifted up into a new life? And what, 
pray, were our ancestors fifteen hun- 
dred years agone when they drank the 
blood of their conquered enemies from 
their skulls ? A new ambition and a deep 
joy take possession of us when we see 
the coming glory and triumph of the 
work into which we are pouring our 
lives. The heavens of the Bible are filled 
with brilliant constellations of promises 
awaiting their fulfillment. 

It Is a Joy to See the Beginnings of the 

The old philosopher with a sense of 
joy and power, cried out, " Give me 
where I may stand and I will move the 
world." We have found the place to 
stand — it is hard by the cross — and with 
one end of the gospel lever under China 
we are beginning to move this land ; this 

^ *# 

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Ben Hur Class, Meyersdale Sunday School, Pa. 
Standing 1 , — Beginning at Left, — Emmert Miller, Earl Shultz, Rollo Garletts, 
Chas. Bowman, Bruce Fike, R. E. Imhoff. Sitting, — Floyd Vought, 
Mary O. Imhoff, Teacher, Willie Garletts. 

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Our Governess and a Group of Our Un 
fortunate Children 

1. Sister Fern Morningstar. 

2. Helen Merrel. 

3. Russel Schmermund. 

4. Daisy Shancks. 

5. Rosy McCune. 

6. George W. Caplinger. 

7. Charles Condon. 
S. Virgel McCune. 

land which by and by is to move the 
world, and which, by the grace of God, 
shall yet help to lift up the world. 

In times past we have pounded on this 
rock when it seemed to laugh at our 
hammering. And even in those days we 
" rejoiced in hope." What a blessing 
that hope did not escape from Pandora's 
box! But now we are already seeing 
the fruitage of our labors — Christians, 
schools, churches, pastors, revivals and a 
gradual uplift in Christian sentiment and 
Christian ideals. How different is the 
Church in China today from the Church 
of forty years agone ! And what is it 
but the beginning of the end? May we 
not rejoice to have some share in these 

It Is a Joy, an Exquisite Joy, to See 

Individual Souls Won. 
Paul wrote, " my joy and my crown." 
And what wonder when the harps of 
heaven are struck and all the bells of 
heaven set ringing when a single soul 
is saved. This joy is given again and 
again to us. To be sure it is not a joy 
of which the missionary has the sole pat- 

ent. It is given everywhere to soul win- 
ners. But it is a joy very sweet on this 
side of the world, and especially after 
long labors and travail pains. 

And the present joy of winning souls 
links itself with the joy' of the future. 
" He shall see of the travail of His soul 
and shall be satisfied." Only a few 
months since it was written of one China 
missionary to whom the gates of pearl 
had just opened, " She has made a shin- 
ing mark on the young life and the 
homes of this entire province and beyond. 
To have done such a work, to have left 
behind such a blessed memory, and to 
have turned so many feet into ways of 
purity and peace, is joy and glory 
enough for any one." 

How Can the Joy in Missionary Work Be 
Greatly Increased? 

It is easy to write that we do but need 
to catch more of the Spirit of the Master, 
to have such love for the lost that we 
could not wear a crown if it were placed 
upon our heads, for the one consuming 
passion to win souls. Then we, too, 
could cry, " I have one passion, only 


The Missionary Visitor 


one." And we could say with Living- 
stone, after innumerable toils and suffer- 
ings in the dark and then unexplored 
continent, " I have never known any 

• One day when our feet tread the 
streets of gold, and the light of heaven 

is on our faces, we shall be filled with 
wondering joy and thanksgiving that to 
us was given the unspeakable privilege 
of bringing to the so-called " Celestials " 
the tidings of a truly celestial country 
and heavenly citizenship. — Chinese Re- 


Eliza B. Miller 

XX7HILE the nation in America is 
* * celebrating its annual Thanksgiv- 
ing our missionary party is sailing on 
the historic waters of the Red Sea, 
fanned by the breeze from the Wilder- 
ness of Wandering on the one side and 
the land of Egypt on the other. 

Our thoughts run back to the native 
land, reminding us of the church serv- 
ices, of the family gatherings and other 
events in general keeping of the day. 
And then we think of the many, many 
blessings that have come upon our na- 
tive land and its people during the year. 
How thankful indeed ought the nation to 
be for the peace and the prosperity she 
enjoys under the blessing of the heavenly 
Father! How much for which to be 
thankful ! How many blessings the Lord 
has sent! Who is the American nation 
that it should have received such won- 
derful blessings ? It is glorious to know 
that " blessed is that nation whose God 
is the Lord." 

We, though far from our native land, 
are glad to be thankful, too. Especially 
thankful do Ave feel just now for how 
we have been saved from the perils of 
the great deep. Both on the Atlantic and 
the Mediterranean the waves dashed high 
and the storm raged, but we have been 

spared and are now quietly moving along 
on this beautiful tropical sea. 

To thank and to praise the Giver of all 
good we missionaries gathered on the 
deck of our ship — Americans, Germans 
and Norwegians, representatives of dif- 
ferent churches as well as different na- 
tions; but we are all going forth with the 
one aim — to bring Jesus Christ to the 
people of India and Arabia. The waters 
of this great sea wash the shores of two 
of the great Mohammedan countries of 
the world. For them we also unite our 
effort as we unite our voices in singing 
the songs of Zion, repeating the 103d 
Psalm and the Lord's Prayer. The Ger- 
man missionaries sang in their language 
a song, the Norwegian missionaries sang 
in their language, and then again we all 
sang together. Christians all over this 
world have so much in common. How 
much more united we should be in the 
evang-elization of this world ! When once 
we get Christ in our hearts, He becoming 
the ruler of our lives, we shall do more 
and better work for Him. 

We thank Thee, dear Father, for the 
saving power of the Gospel, that it trans- 
forms the lives of heathen men and wonv 
en to glorious images bearing testimony 
to the wonders promised to be wrought 
through Jesus Christ. 


The Missionary Visitor 



The Story of a Hausa Slave Girl. 

Part I. Rescued. 

ly/TISSISI, am I really free?" 

*■*■** " Missisi's " arm steals gently 

around the child as she replies — 

" Yes, Eve, really — free ! " 

The little Hausa girl nestles closer, 
content for awhile ; but soon, as often 
before — • . 

" Missisi, will I never, never, be a 
slave again ? " 

In the moments of silence she has been 
living over again those past few years ; 
the memory has been very vivid ! She 
is kneeling now on the floor of a 
piazza at Ibadan, her head nestling in 
" Missisi's " lap, and she is not quite 
sure, yet, whether it is not all a dream, a 
pleasant dream, from which her cruel 
master's voice, or the sharp cut of the 
lash, will suddenly arouse her. 

And she is so young — only thirteen — 
and so sweetly winsome. Yet she has 
felt the lash of her slave-master; she 
bears on her temples the indelible brand 
of the slave ! Many a weary mile has 
she trudged carrying a heavy load on her 
head, and a heavier load on her heart, 
since that day when she was put up for 
sale in the market at Lingi ! She shud- 
ders, and crouches with fear as the 
memory of it all presses upon her, and 
the pleading voice is heard once more as 
she looks up into " Missisi's " face. 

" Missisi, are you sure they can never, 
never make me a slave again? and 
some day, will I go back and see my 

And as the memory of her mother rises, 
the child rattles off into Hausa, which 
I Missisi " does not understand ; but she 

assures the timid girl nestling there at 
her feet, that never, never again can any 
cruel master take her as a slave ; and one 
day she shall go back to Kano and find 
her mother. 

Her Great Problem. 

The look of joy which overspreads the 
face of the Hausa girl ! Oh, if you could 
but see it — you, who have never felt the 
lash of a slave-master — you, who have 
never been torn from your home like 
little Eve. I think only missionaries get 
glimpses like that. It is God's way of 
making up to them for what they have 
given up for Him. And Eve nestles 
dow r n again ; and now her little brain is 
perplexed, for " Missisi " is a follower 
of Jesus, whom Eve has been taught to 
hate : and yet, she owes her liberty to a 

Slave Manacles and Whips. 


The Missionary Visitor 


follower of Jesus, and she owes her slave 
brand to a fellow-follower of Moham- 
med. Away in Kano, three weeks' jour- 
ney from Ibadan where Eve is safely 
nestling in the ladies' mission house, all 
the people are Mohammedans. You must 
not be surprised to hear that Eve is also 
a very strict Mohammedan. Dr. Miller 
says that even in Hausaland he has never 
met with so bigoted a Mohammedan girl 
or woman. 


How has she come to be living with 
Christians? This is her story: 

One day, when she was about eight 
years old, she and her brother were sent 
to a neighboring village to buy some 
things for their parents. They had often 
heard tales of the different tribes going 
to war with one another, and that they 
try to capture as many women and chil- 
dren as they can, whom they sell as 
slaves, dividing the money among the 

So, though they did not know that the 
Lingi people had been at war with the 
neighboring tribe, they walked along 
very quietly, very much afraid, and not 
daring to speak except in whispers. 
They had not gone very far from their 
own town before they saw a warrior on 
horseback, riding among the tall ele- 
phant-grass, which grows from ten to 
fifteen feet high. 

They instantly hid themselves for a 
few minutes until he was out of sight 
and then walked on cautiously again. 

Suddenly there was a rustling of the 
long grass, and some men who were hid- 
ing sprang out. You can easily imagine 
how poor little Eve and her brother ran 
for their lives ! 

Eve fell down and was caught; her 
brother escaped and hid himself, but 
when he heard his sister crying out for 
help, he nobly left his hiding-place and 
went to his sister, saying, " Why should 
I hide and let my sister be taken? If 
she is to die, we will die together." So 
both were taken prisoners. 

Instead of taking the main road to 
Lingi, the men led them along " bush " 

paths, knowing that thus the poor little 
captives could never hope to retrace their 
steps, even if they had the opportunity. 
When they reached Lingi they were put 
along with many other prisoners in the 
house of the war chief, and there left 
until the war was over. 

Branded for Life. 

Then one day the chiefs met together 
to divide the spoil : little Eve was handed 
over to three men who were to sell her 
and divide the money. She was put up 
for sale and bought by an old woman for 
about £2 10s. of our money. Her 
brother was bought by some one else ; so 
the brother and sister were separated and 
have never seen each other from that 
day to this. 

Eve now commenced life with a slave- 
mistress, and no wonder she crouches 
and shudders as the memory of it all 
comes back to her ! Her life was a very 
hard one, and though she was but a child 
she was made to carry heavy loads and 
to do very rough work. One day her 
mistress said she was to be branded as 
a slave by having the slave-marks cut on 
each of her temples. This she refused 
to let them do, partly from fear of the 
suffering, and partly, also, because she 
was well-born and could not bear the 
stigma of being branded for life as a 

She is relating the story out there on 
the piazza, and now she points to her 

" Look, Missisi ! one day they made 
me yield, and they cut those slave- 
marks ! " 

Yes, those- blue lines on each temple 
are there for life — the brand of the slave ! 

Gleams of Hope. 

When she had been there for about 
three years, a slave in Lingi, tidings 
came that the white man had come to the 

Then came news that her brother was 
set free by those British officers and sent 
safely to his home. Oh, how hope rose 
and how she longed to be back in her 
home in Kano ! But her hopes were un- 

fulfilled, and she had to go on 
with the daily drudgery; toil- 
ing from morning till night — 
a slave. 

Then some time afterwards 
hope was again raised, for 
surely she knew that face — 
Yes! it was her mother. 
When her brother reached 
home he told his parents 
where Eve was. At once her 
mother set out for Lingi to 
find her child. She found 
her, but was not allowed to 
take her until she had re- 
deemed her. So, sad at heart, 
the poor mother had to return 
home ; but she was determined to work 
until she could redeem her own child ! 
And Eve went about her work with a 
renewed joy — she had seen her mother 
and one day she would be home again ! 

In a few months the mother was again 
in Lingi, with about one-fifth of the re- 
demption money, hoping to get her child 
and pay the remainder afterwards. But 
again she had to go away, disappointed, 
though hopeful about eventually regain- 
ing Eve. Little did she think that was 
the last she should see of her child for 
many years! 

Sold as a Slave Girl Again and Again. 

Food began to get scarce; the slaves 
had a bad time of it, and people were 
anxious to part with their slaves in order 
to get money to live, and also to have 
fewer mouths to feed. 

So Eve was again in the market, and 
this time she passed to a man from 
Sokoto for about £\ 10s. She remained 
his slave for over two years. Some time 
about August, 1905, her master, who was 

a trader, was going from town to town, 
and it fell to Eve's share to carry part 
of his merchandise. An Ijebu trader, 
seeing the little slave, was very anxious 
to possess her, so once again Eve 
changed masters and was brought to 

A Dash for Liberty. 

How the poor child was bandied about 
from one to another! One moonlight 
evening she saw her master making a 
bargain with another trader. She listened 
very attentively, trying to gather what 
they were saying, and then she knew she 
was going to be sold. again, so she began 
to plan in her mind a way of escape. 
She said, " I want to go and pray " — and 
as all Mohammedans go to pray in the 
moonlight, there appeared to be nothing 
unusual in the request. 

Once outside, and seeing no one about, 
Eve seized her opportunity, crept along 
in the moonlight shadows, and made a 
dash for liberty! 


The Missionary Visitor 


She was fortunate enough to meet 
with some Hausa-speaking people, Gam- 
baris, who sheltered her that night and 
next morning brought her to the British 

Safe at Last! 

Her master was sent for and impris- 
oned for buying and selling slaves. The 
commissioner sent for the Rev. E. Fry., 
then C. M. S. Missionary in Abeokuta 
(since called to his rest), and asked him 
if he and Mrs. Fry would take charge of 
Eve. This they gladly did, but as there 
are no girls in the mission house at 
Abeokuta, Eve was sent to the Girls' 
School in Kudeti, Ibadan, where she is 
sitting now telling out in -her winsome 
way her pathetic story — and how her 
radiant face beams with joy as she is 
assured she will never be a slave again ! 

How strange it all must have been at 
first, and how lonely; the only Hausa in 
a home among Yoruba girls and two 
English ladies; the only Mohammedan 
in a Christian school ! She could not 
understand a word that was spoken at 
first, for she could speak neither Yoruba 
nor English, and none of those in the 
school could speak Hausa. But in six 
months' time she was able to speak a 
good deal of Yoruba, and in a year could 
converse quite freely in it. 

One day some one who knew a few 
Hausa salutations was in the mission 
house. He saluted Eve in Hausa, and at 
the sound of her own language she sim- 
ply rushed to him across the room. But, 
oh ! her dismay when she found he could 
not converse with her after all. This 
was soon after she was rescued. 

Her " Hour of Prayer." 

More than a year now has passed by 
since that time, and little Eve still prays 
to the false prophet. She does not like 
to hear the name of " Jesus." She does 
not want to learn to read and write, be- 
cause, she says, all the girls whom she 
knows who can read and write are Chris- 
tians, and " it is not good to serve two 

But many of us might learn a lesson 
from Eve. How earnest she is in her 
worship, and how constant. Five times 
every day she goes to a little corner in 
the garden to pray. Look! she has 
slipped away now, it is her " hour of 
prayer." She loves the English school 
games more, perhaps, than any other 
girl in the school. Yet, in the midst of 
the most enjoyable game, she quietly 
slips away, and no matter who is looking 
on or what any one says, she remembers 
her hour of prayer. 

Will You Pray for Her? 

Look at her over yonder, in the corner 
by the well. Does it not make you feel 
sad when you see her, and you know she 
gets no lasting joy or peace from it all? 

One day something had gone wrong; 
her usual bright face was clouded, the 
smile had gone, and all day she remained 
sulky. Towards evening she came and 
asked " Missisi " to take her into her 
room. Then she told her how naughty 
she had been and asked her to pray for 

Will you who read this join, too, in 
prayer for her ? Pray now and pray on. 
Pray that she may be led to put her trust 
in the Lord Jesus Christ, and that the 
love of God may fill her heart ; that filled 
with the Holy Spirit, she may go back to 
Hausaland, and be an instrument in 
God's hand to lead many of the women 
in her own country to the feet of the 

Listen ! " Missisi, am I really free ? " 
And as " Missisi " thinks of the freedom 
from the bondage of sin, the freedom of 
the children of God, she prays that little 
Eve may be made " free indeed." 

Part II. 

It has to be told yet ! It will be : 
" The Story of a Hausa Slave Girl — Re- 

We believe God had a purpose in send- 
ing her to the mission. We have claimed 
her for Christ. Will you do so, too? — 
/. H. L., in Church Missionary Gleaner. 


The Missionary Visitor 



C " Said I not unto thee, that, if thou 
wouldest believe, -thou shouldest see the 
glory of God?" John 11:40. 

C How often in the pathway of life 
when we are tested would the words of 
the Master encourage us if we but be- 
lieved as He has declared ! How true in 
the plans of Christ that each new trial of 
our faith, is intended to say to us as to 
His disciples, " This sickness is not unto 
death, but for the glory of God, that the 
Son of God might be glorified thereby." 

C What amazing condescension is found 
in these words ! Jesus the Son coming 
today into our lives and intertwining the 
manifestations of His glory with our sor- 
rows and cares. What comfort is then in 
the burdened hour, in the stormy day, 
in the thorny path. And if perchance all 
these things shall make us " sorrowful " 
yet His sure word of grace declares " but 
your sorrow shall be turned into joy." 

C What a new vision then for life ! 
Every trial, burden, sorrow, disappoint- 
ment, to which we are summoned, is to 
be met in Christ's name as we say, " This 
is but for the glory of God." How dif- 
ferent then is the step, with what buoy- 
ancy we press on in the way, knowing 
that at the end we shall " see the glory 
of God." " Let not your heart be 
troubled, neither let it be afraid." 
I Count it all joy when ye fall into divers 
temptations." " Many are the afflictions 
of the righteous, but the Lord delivereth 
him out of them all." 

C What a lesson then to be gathered 
from the sisters of Bethany! It is a 
blessed thing that the Lord did not prom- 
ise to keep Lazarus from dying ; else how 
could we have seen His glory as we now 
behold it? And when temptations do 

assail us and trials do come, let us pray 
and yearn that the end shall be as glori- 
ous as it was for the sisters when their 
brother arose. For their Lord is ours 
and He is still the Lord of life and glory. 
Bless His Holy Name. 

C It may be difficult to understand when 
borne down with trials and perplexities 
that all such things should cause us to 
sing. Jesus likens the Spirit of God to 
the wind. But the wind when sweeping 
across an open prairie finds no voice. 
Only when it is broken by the out- 
stretched limbs of the pine or sturdy oak 
will it moan the song of the woodland, 
or when broken by the strings of the harp 
will it give forth its sweetest notes. A 
certain Christian rarely sang to himself 
unless perplexed over some of life's prob- 
lems. His wife learned the secret and 
often asked him, " What is troubling you 
now ? " Blessed is he whose soul in the 
freedom of honest effort for the Lord 
meets obstacles, passes thru forests of 
pain, and even against the small hin- 
drances which fret us, and still sings. 

C Bunvan's description of a minister in 
his day is applicable to every worker for 
the Master today : " His eye is lifted up 
to heaven, the best of books is in his 
hand, the law of truth is written upon 
his lips, and- the world is behind his 

C It is far from enough to live just like 
other Christians live. Each one is com- 
manded to copy after Christ and in faith 
walk up to the measure of stature in 
Christ Jesus. 

C It is a great consolation to know that 
temptation and trial are indications of 
rising in the plane of earnest service for 
the Lord. To pray to be more Christlike 


The Missionary Visitor 


is to ask God to send bufferings and sore 
trials in order to purify and prove the 
better life. 

C How much easier it is to tell another 
a truth than to apply it to one's own 
heart. Yet only by the latter way is there 
chance of divine growth. 
C If you cannot make your light shine 
in your own home do not expect God to 
find a place for it to shine away from 

C Why are there so many obstacles in 
life? Simply to prompt every child of 
God to soar above them and nearer the 
heaven of heavens. The noble eagle in 
his flight rises even above the clouds and 
lives in the realm of eternal sunshine. 
C In the cause of temperance, so se- 
verely fought by the liquor interests to 
the bloodshed of one of its noblest ex- 
ponents, Senator Carmack, the reform is 
marching grandly on. The decrease in 
arrests in Knoxville from last year, 
" wet," 5,144, to first year, " dry," 2,602, 
and the decrease of arrests for drunken- 
ness reduced from 2,734 to 1,303, is a 
result no one can do other than rejoice 
over. This is but a sample of results all 
over the State. It was infinitely too bad 
that Carmack had to feel the death blow 
of the enemy, but the crack of that pistol 
has reverberated not only all over 
Tennessee, but all over the land, and has 
awakened with deeper soberness and de- 
termination every man and woman who 
loves home, church, country and God, to 
stamp this evil from the land. It cannot 
go too soon. Thank God, too, it is going 

C Last September the county local op- 
tion law went into effect in Ohio. In 
October the first elections were held un- 
der the new law. Of the eighty-eight 
counties in the State, sixty-six voted on 
local option and fifty-seven of the sixty- 
six went dry. Five counties were " dry " 
before this, making a total of sixty-two 
out of eighty-eight. The temperance 
people did good work in Ohio. 
C Eld. A. C. Snowberger, of Des 
Moines, Iowa, writes in reply to receiv- 

ing the Visitor for another year : " I 
praise God for the spirit of missions that 
has taken hold of our Brotherhood in 
the last quarter of a century. But it is 
hard to recover from the disappointment 
of not being able to raise $100,000 during 
the Bicentennial year. Oh, that the Holy 
Ghost of Pentecost may come and take 
hold of the tongues of our ministry and 
make them cloven with fire so that they 
will take the Words of God and burn 
them into the hearts of the people. I 
would that every member could realize 
the need, the duty, the responsibility of 
giving until he would cry, ' Here is my 
dollar ; take it, Lord.' " 

C An earnest minister and Sunday- 
school worker thus comments on one 
phase of mission and church work : 
" We can work four or five nights during 
the week, and all day Sunday, while 
others go home and sleep and then come 
to church and thrust bitter words be- 
cause we want to do foreign mission 
work, saying, ' How much there is to do 
at home.' I have, however, noticed that 
the man who uses this argument never 
turns the world upside down at home. So 
I just pass such by and push on the mis- 
sion lines." This brother is arranging 
for the Sunday school to support a na- 
tive worker in India. 

C T'he Missionary Visitor is very wel- 
come to our little home. Oh, what a 
comfort to read about how the gospel 
work does progress in many other places ! 
What a valuable work to lead sinners to 
come to Jesus ! 

We thank God, and also the brethren, 
for the gospel light we have here. And 
God has preserved us up to this time, 
though we encountered many hard tem- 
pests; and we trust He still will pre- 
serve us even to the end. But we are 
so few workers here, and we also feel 
the press of old age. Our prayer is that 
younger strength may take up the work 
and have it forwarded. 

May God bless all the brethren and 
sisters. C. C. Eskildsen. 

Hj bring, Denmark. 


The Missionary Visitor 


C According to S. M. Zwemer, of the 
Student Volunteer Movement for For- 
eign Missions, there is immediate need 
of 150 men and 110 women on the for- 
eign mission fields of the world, and no 
one is offering to go. What a sad, sad 
lack! Are the heathen responsible for 
this lack? Is God, who sent His Son, 
responsible? Is the Son, after saying to 
every Christian " Go," responsible ? Does 
not this awful lack rest upon the many, 
many qualified members of the church 
who refuse to answer the call to service ? 
But what will be the answer in the judg- 
ment day ! The Lord will not be put off 
with a frivolous excuse, — excuses will 
not work on that day. But the countless 
heathen will rise and condemn every one 
who could have gone if he would, and 
did not. 

C The Visitor is glad to give space for 
the glimpses of life in the Brethren's 
Home at Greenville, Ohio. In the large 
picture are to be found veterans of the 
cross who in their own circle sought to 
serve their Master faithfully and are now 
enjoying the comfort of those who after 
them have embraced the faith and be- 
lieve that to show our love for God we 
must love our brethren. The engravings 
will be of unusual interest to people in 
southern Ohio. The trustees, the super- 
intendent and his helpers surely have the 
hearty support of the churches of the 
district for the earnest, commendable 
way they are carrying on their work. 
Any one especially interested can learn 
all about the Home by addressing M. N. 
Rensberger, Greenville, Ohio. 

C The principal of the Utica Normal 
and Industrial Institute, of Utica, Miss., 
in writing to Brother Landon West, of 
Ohio, who has been long and faithful in 
his efforts to give the Gospel to the 
colored people, writes thus : I want you 
to know that I appreciate the effort you 
have made since I have been acquainted 
with you, indirectly to help the colored 
people in every respect. I believe the 
many thousands of tracts which you have 
scattered among them will bear much 

fruit and I am sure the whole race will 
feel very grateful for your kindness." 
C- In 1859 you could buy a man in the 
Fiji Islands for 28 shillings, butcher him 
and eat him. Today the Bible is in nearly 
every house, and on Sunday nine-tenths 
of the people may be found assembled in 
the churches for worship. What about 
the power and profit of foreign missions ? 
Who can say they do not pay ! Patience, 
brother, sister ; press on and God will re- 
turn the reward richly. 

C The Friends have missions in Syria, 
India, China, Japan, Africa, Jamaica, 
Cuba, Mexico, Alaska and Central 
America. Their membership is about 
98,000 and their contributions amounted 
to $92,415.73. They support 29 men, 
59 women, and 170 native helpers. 

C All kinds of guesswork are made about 
our growth as a church. Why would it 
not be a good move to have every dis- 
trict report the actual membership of 
each congregation to its district meeting 
and have the report spread on the min- 
utes? From this the General Board 
could compile a summarized report and 
thus every one could know with a cer- 
tainty what our numerical strength is 
and what progress has been made. A 
number of districts have already taken 
this step. Why can't it be made general 
and of Brotherhood-wide service? 
C Dr. Josiah Strong asks : " What are 
the churches for but to make mission- 
aries ? What is education for but to train 
them? What is commerce for but to 
carry them? What is money for but to 
send them ? What is life itself for but to 
fulfill the purpose of foreign missions, 
enthroning Jesus Christ in the hearts of 


? " 

C Wednesday, April 14, is the time of 
the next meeting of the General Mission 
Board. A number of important matters 
will come before the session for consid- 
eration. At this meeting a review of the 
work and results of the Publishing 
House is made. The past year has been 
one of much effort and there should be 
a good showing. 


The Missionary Visitor 


C The Chinese are putting many Chris- 
tians to shame in their manner of dealing 
with that which is sinful. In this land if 
a Christian concludes what he possesses 
is no longer in harmony with his convic- 
tions he hunts out somebody who has no 
conscience in the matter and sells the 
property to him. Not so with the Chi- 
nese. Their heroic treatment against the 
opium curse is a great lesson for every- 
where. Note the following: Whenever 
a sufficient quantity of opium pipes and 
smoking paraphernalia has been confis- 
cated to make a spectacular fire, the pub- 
lic are apprised of the time and place, 
and a formal programme of speaking 
precedes the chief event. There is no 
favor shown in this work of destruction : 
pipes valued at $500 are burned as read- 
ily as one of cheap manufacture, costly 
lamps are shattered, and in every act the 
Chinese authorities are striving to show 
their deep earnestness for a complete 
reformation. Patriotic citizens are buy- 
ing up complete opium dens, and turning 
them over to the officials for destruction. 

C In these days of conflict with the 
powers of intemperance it is most re- 
freshing and encouraging to note that 
King Edward has made announcement 
twice over to his army and navy, and to 
every subject of his, that " his health may 
be drunk in water as acceptably as in an 
intoxicant liquor." What greater utter- 
ance could the King make? This goes 
beyond his kingdom and touches the 
Kingdom of Heaven. 

C Concerning the unrest which has been 
in India the Bombay Guardian publishes 
a very interesting article of which the 
following is the close : But there is un- 
rest, widespread, found among many 
classes, and any account of the situation 
which fails to recognize this unrest is 
imperfect and unsatisfactory. This un- 
rest is, however, no cause for surprise or 
serious alarm. When the chemist puts 
some tartaric acid into an alkaline solu- 
tion, he knows that a disturbance will 
follow. And when we consider in what 
manner political, religious, economic, so- 

cial, and racial disturbing agencies have 
been at work in India for the last one 
hundred and fifty years, none but the shal- 
lowest optimist would be surprised at the 
present effervescence. Consider in how 
many ways the quiet of India has been 
disturbed. Foreign commerce and the in- 
troduction of foreign manufacturing 
methods have destroyed or deranged the 
indigenous industries of possibly one 
million households. Foreigners adminis- 
tering government according to foreign 
ideals, have taken the place of native 
rulers and traditional methods. Young 
men are learning to use a foreign tongue ; 
their heads are crammed with the litera- 
ture of foreign lands ; their ideas of social 
life and family relationship, of the duties 
and rights of fathers and sons, have been 
so upset that they are left without stand- 
ards and without precedents. Much that 
they have learned has weakened their be- 
lief in their own religion, and along with 
this runs the vast machinery of Christian 
evangelization, and between the two in- 
fluences the Indian is left amazed, dis- 
turbed, confounded, sure of nothing, only 
this, that he does not know what to be- 
lieve or which teacher to follow. 

C British rule in India is a great bless- 
ing. In 42 years the population has in- 
creased over 100 millions. Part of this 
is due to the adding on of acquired terri- 
tory; but the great part is due to the 
edict that peace must reign. As a result 
a wonderful growth in population. Yet 
the waste of life is something wonderful 
in the land. Simply as an instance just 
note the record of a death roll made for 
the year 1904-05 by animals and snakes : 

Tigers killed 786 persons and 28,093 cattle. 
Leopards killed 399 persons and 42,812 cattle. 
Wolves killed 244 persons and 9,984 cattle. 
Other animals killed 728 persons and 7,317 

Snakes killed 21,880 persons and 10,376 cattle. 

It is worthy of unusual note that ani- 
mals killed more animals than people, 
but snakes killed more people than ani- 


The Missionary Visitor 



By John R. Mott, Student Volunteer 
Movement, New York, 208 pages. 

When John R. Mott, General Secre- 
tary of the World's Student Christian 
Federation, speaks, all that part of the 
church catholic whose hearts really are 
in earnest about their mission stop to lis- 
ten ; when he takes his pen to write, they 
are eager to read. From personal ob- 
servation world-wide, with untiring ef- 
forts to get at the root of every problem, 
with opportunities and facilities unique 
to his position alone, he comes to the 
Christian world in his new book, " The 
Future Leadership of the Church," in a 
most forcible manner and clearly points 
out the weak places in the plans and 
workings of the church. His observation 
is not from one body of believers, but a 
general survey of all of them. Thus he 
is enabled to formulate conclusions and 
point out remedies applicable to the larg- 
est number and with reasonable assur- 
ance of best results. His chapter on 
obstacles confronting one entering the 
ministry is alone worth many times the 
price of the book. It is a book for lead- 
ers in the church. Every minister should 
read it ; every lay member who is anxious 
to see the Master's work go forward 
should know his argument. 


By Charles A. Cook. American Bap- 
tist Publication Society, Chicago, 170 
pages, 58 cents. 

Perhaps on no phase of the Christian 
life are the lines of duty so misty and un- 
defined as in the realms of stewardship. 
The Christian world has for the most 
part taken advantage of the free law of 
gospel liberty to gratify their desires of 
self-indulgence and ambition for wealth. 
Supposedly free from the law, " the tenth 
is holy," made obligatory for all time, 
they have used this liberty as a license to 
do less than God required of olden times, 
and this in spite of the fact that the law 
is a schoolmaster to Christ, the greater 
and better revelation. 

True, the Gospel makes not a tenth but 
ALL holy, and in that light it is not so 
much setting apart a tithe as it is the use 
of the entire for the promotion of the 
A Taster's kingdom. How pertinent to the 
subject then is Charles A. Cook's recent 
book entitled " Stewardship and Mis- 
sions," just from the press of the Amer- 
ican Baptist Publication Society, in 
which the author defines Stewardship, 
and discusses it in relation to Acquisition, 
Using Money, Giving, Tithing, Methods 
and Possibilities. To read the book will 
be to plant clear convictions in the heart. 
The General Board could well afford to 
put a copy of this book into the hands of 
every member of the church, had they 
the assurance that its pages would be 
diligently perused. It is a timely book 
on a needful subject. 


Book IV. The Sunday School Teach- 
er's School. By Revs. H. T. Musselman 
and H. E. Tralle. 16mo, 150 pages. 
Price, boards, cloth back, 40 cents net, 
postpaid ; paper, 25 cents net, postpaid. 

This book takes up organization and 
departments in the Sunday school; its 
officers and their duties, its accommoda- 
tions as to rooms, its programs, its 
special days, etc., etc. There is the same 
up-to-dateness and thoroughness that 
have characterized the preceding volumes 
of this unequaled series. If its sugges- 
tions are heeded it will without doubt ef- 
fect a revolution in innumerable schools. 
The series of teacher-training books is- 
sued by the society are working wonders 
in increasing the efficiency of Baptist 
Bible schools. Over 20,000 copies have 
already been circulated. 


The American Baptist Publication So- 
ciety, mindful that the rank and file of 
the church have during the past few 
years been awakened to- a desire to know 

(Continued on Page 112.) 


The Missionary Visitor 

Financial Report 



I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Chu-rch of the Breth- 
ren Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in 

their charter. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within months after my 



I also give, beqeueath, and devise to th 3 General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 


If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor, — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as will 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 


Jan. Jan. Apr.-Jan. 

1908 1909 1907 

World Wide, $1,395 72 $1,471 86 $15,615 28 

India, 301 19 265 44 . 3,298 66 

Brooklyn, 80 47 2 00 1,898 60 

Miscellaneous, .... 8 50 88 44 394 92 





$9,209 28 $6,406 00 
2,937 48 361 18 

272 80 1,625 80 

529 03 $ 134 11 


$1,785 88 $1,827 71 $21,207 46 $12,948 59 $8,258 87 

. 1,114 15 3,871 14 31,180 23 $27,853 09 

$2,900 03 $1827 71 $25,078 60 $44,128 82 

$19,050 22 


The total amount of the Bicentennial offer- 
ings reported in the December Comparative 
Statement should have been $2,764.99 instead 
of $2,212.99; and the subsequent figures 
changed accordingly. 

During the month of January the Brethren's 
General Mission Board sent out 111,101 pages 
of tracts. 

The Brethren's General Mission Board ac- 
knowledges the receipt of the following dona- 
tions for the month of January, 1909: 


Pennsylvania — $244.49. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Tulpehocken, $45; Big Swatara, 
$36.60; Indian Creek, $36.55; Coventry, 

$30.40; West Conestoga, $13, $ 161 55 


"Receipt No. 9,428," $5; N. Sallie 
Wingard, $3; Jos. Fitzwater, $3; 

Ida C. Lehmer, $1.50, 12 50 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Lower Conewago, $7.53; Gettys- 
burg, $1.96, 9 49 


Celia Tost, $5; C. W. Reichard, $3; 
H. C. Price, $2.50; Sarah A. Baker, 
$2; Eld. John Lehher, $1.50; Helen 
Price, $1.25; Mrs. B. F. Hornberger, 
$1; Susie Walker, $1; Lydia Hogen- 
togler, 50 cents; Barbara Letter, 50 

cents, 18 25 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Martinsburg 10 00 


C. L. Buck, $3; Samuel R. Snyder, 
$3; John Snowberger, $3; Aaron 
Teeter, $2; Sara Replogle, $1; James 
C. Wineland, $1; D. G. Snyder, $1; 

Susannah Rouzer, 50 cents, 14 50 

Western District, Individuals. 

Levi Stoner, $6; Mary J. Miller, $5; 

Sarah Stoner, $2.50; E. S. Coder, $2; 
I. G. Miller, $1.20; Mary A. Johnson, 
$1; W. M. Howe (Marriage Notice), 

50 cents, , $ 

Mary land— $1 98.60. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 



Eliz. Switzer, $40; A. H. Huber, 
$25; Alfred Englar, $12; John D. 
Roop, $3; Mrs. Bettie L. Martin, $1; 

D. O. Metz, 50 cents, 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Welsh Run, $40.78; Beaver Creek, 

$38.67; Manor, $10.65, 


Caleb Long 

Western District, Congregation. 

Bear Creek, 


Mrs. Elias Merrill, 

Illinois— $192.39. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. John D. Lahman, 
$100; Otho Watson, $10; Collin Puter- 
baugh, $8.64; W. R, Bratten, $5; 
Elias Weigle, $5; John C. Lampin, 
$5; L. J. Gerdes, $5; Mr. and Mrs. 
Isaac Rothrock, $5; Galen B. Royer, 
$4.50; C. G. Binkley, $1.25; Susan 
Heminger, $1; Eliza Wieand, $1; J. W. 
Manning, $1; Belle Whitmer, $1; 
Enoch Eby (Marriage Notice), 50 


Southern District, Individuals. 

Matthias Lingenfelter, $5; Ira G. 
Cripe, $5; David Blickenstaff, $5; 
Hannah M. Wirt, $5; James Wirt, 
$5; Frank Etnoyer, $5; Atta C. Eiken- 
berry, $2.50; Isaac E. Eikenberry, 
$2.50; D. C. McDonigh, $2.50; Mrs. 

Emma Strickfaden, $1 

Ohio— $133.92. 

Northeastern District, Sunday School. 
Scenery Hill, 

18 20 

4 00 

81 50 

90 10 
10 00 

8 65 
4 35 

153 99 

38 50 

22 00 


The Missionary Visitor 



Geo. Hartsough, $11; Isaac Brum- 
baugh, $10; Sarah A. Dupler, $5.63; 
Eli P. Hershberger, $2; D. F. Eby, 

$1.50; Samantha Miller, 50 cents $ 30 63 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Sugar Creek 48 85 


J. R. Spacht, $10; L. E. Kauffman, 

$1.20; Lewis H. Cook, $1, 12 20 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Mary Ockerman, $6; C. M. Smith, 
$2.50; John O. Warner, $2.40; David 
Fultz, $1.84; Emanuel Shank, $1.50; 
David Brenner, $1.20; John H. Rine- 
hart, $1.20; D. S. Filbrun, $1.20; 
Jesse K. Brumbaugh, $1.20; W. H. 

Folkerth, $1.20 20 24 

Indiana — $131.74. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Portage 13 50 


J. L. Puterbaugh, $9; Jacob Culler, 
$6; Christian Stouder, $5; Mary E. 
Early, $5; Mary Lammedee, $2.50; 
D. B. Hartman, $2; Daniel Whitmer, 
$2; Wm. B. Young, $1.20; John W. 
Whitehead, $1; Henry S. Baughman, 
$1; William Hess (Marriage Notice), 
50 cents; J. W. Kitson (Marriage No- 
tice), 50 cents; John S. Kauffman, 

50 cents 36 20 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Eel River, $15.70; Spring Creek, 
$14.04; Ogans Creek, $5.75; Monti- 
cello, $2.25; Cedar, $1.25, 38 99 


Chas. Ellabarger, $10; Benj. Bow- 
man, $2.50; J. D. Rife, $1.20; T. J. 

Downy, $1; L. P. Kurtz. $1 15 70 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Soon Creek, 9 15 


Wm. Stout, $5; Harvey Shock, $3; 
Henry C. Shultz, $1.20; Catharine 
Bowman, $1; Richard Cunningham, 
$1; David Miller, $1; Mary E. 
Strauser, $2; Myrtle Cunningham, 

$2; Mary Cunningham, $2, 18 20 

Virginia— $129.14. 

First District, Congregations. 

Botetourt, $20.10; Antioch, $2 22 10 


Emma Southall, 1 % 00 

Second District, Congregations. 

Nokesville, $39.63; Pleasant Valley, 
I $27.57; Cedar Grove, $10.49; Pleasant 

| Hill, $3.97; Needmore, $3.18 84 84 

I Individuals. 

John H. Kline, $5; Samuel Garber, 
$3; T. S. Moherman, $1.80; Bettie 
I Good, $1.50; Saylor D. Neff, $1.50; 
J. M. Garber. $1.20; Lethe A. Liskey, 
$1.20; Geo. W. Shaffer, $1; John G. 
: Kline, $1; Geo. H. Kline, $1; J. W. 
Zigler, $1; J. N. Smith, $1; N. W. 
Bussard, 50 cents; Susanna Flory, 

50 cents, 21 20 

Missouri — $89.92. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Rockingham 22 92 


Laban M. Hollar, $15; Riley Stump, 
$12; S. B. Shirkey, $5; Susan Moomaw, 
$3.50; Wm. H. Wagner, $2.50; Nannie 
C. Wagner, $2.50; J. W. Lovegrove, 

$1 41 50 

Southern District, Individuals. 

C. W. Gitt, $25; J. J! Wassam 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents 25 50 

Kansas — $86.10. 

Northeastern District, Individuals. 

James Brandt, $15; John W. Fish- 
burn, $10; J. Q. Smith, $1.50; J. S. 

Sherfy, $1; Leona Sherfy, $1, 28 50 

Southeastern District. Individual. 

Hattie Woody 18 85 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

W. H. Williams and wife, $5; Isaac 
B. Garst, $1; J. C. Groff <Marriage 

Notice), 50 cents, 6 50 

Southwestern District, Congregation. 

Salem 10 00 

Sunday School. 

Monitor $ 16 50 


S. M. Brown, $2.50; Silvan us Delp, 
$1.25; J. W. B. Hylton, $1; S. E. 

Hylton, $1, 5 75 

Iowa — $72.39. 

Northern District. Individuals. 

H. E. Slifer, $10; J. J. Berkley, 
$6; John G. Fleckner, $6; Cornelius 
Frederick, $4; U. S. Blough, $4; D. 
Fry, $3; E. M. Lichty, $3; T. L. 
Kimmel, $2; C. S. McNutt, $1.20; 
Ann Sanders, $1; Mrs. Rebecca Hess 
^(Birthday Offering), 75 cents; Vinton 

'and Louisa Artz, 50 cents 41 45 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Melissa Chapman, $10; D. W. 
Miller, $5; Ida M. Doty, $3.25; C. Z. 
Rietz, $1.20; "A Sister," 50 cents, ... 19 95 
Southern District, Congregation. 

Fairview 5 04 

Sunday School. 

North English, 5 95 

Idaho — $53.00. 

Stephen Johnson, $25; Lizzie John- 
son, $25; R. A. Orr, $2.50; B. J. 
Fike (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, ... 53 00 
California — $3 9 . 00. 
Northern District, Individual. 

M. E. Andrews, 1 00 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Covina, 19 30 


Magdalene Myers, $5; W. H. and 
Mary Hepner, $5; "Receipt No. 9467," 
$3; J. L. Minnich, $3; J. S. Kuns, 

$1.50; Sarah Kuns, $1.20, 18 70 

North Dakota — $27.00. 

Jonas Hostetler, $25; Maurice Snow- 
berger, $1.50; Thomas Allen (Mar- 
riage Notice), 50 cents 27 00 

Washing-ton— $15.20. 

H. H. Johnson, $10; "A Widow," 
$3; W. H. Kensinger, $1.20; Miss Rose 

Lafraney, $1 15 20 

Oklahoma — $13.90. 

Washita 6 55 


P. S. Hartman, $2.65; Mrs. Bertha 
R. Shirk, $2.50; W. P. Bosserman, 

$1.20; Mrs. Clay Dillon, $1 7 35 

West Virginia— $13.50. 

First District, Sunday School. 

Laurel Dale, 1 00 


Peter Arnold, $1; David K Wot- 

ring, $1 2 00 

Second District, Individuals. 

Catharine Boys, $7.50; M. C. Czigan, 

$3 10 50 

Michigan — $12.00. 

"J. M. C," $10; Retta Price, $2, .. 12 00 
Dictrict of Columbia — $10.07. 

Washington, 10 07 

Oregon — $3.00. 

Anna Royer, 3 00 

Louisiana— $2.00. 

Lafayette Sutphin, 2 00 

Nebraska — $1 .50. 

Leonora Yates, $1; J. L. Snavely 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents 1 50 

Canada — $1.00. 

Mrs. E. Keffer, 1 00 

Tennessee — $0.50. 

Effie E. Miller (Marriage Notice), 50 

Texas — $0.50. 

A. J. Wine (Marriage Notice), .... 50 

Arkansas — $0.50. 

Joseph Stuckey (Marriage Notice), 50 

Minnesota — $0.50. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Joshua Schechter, Jr. (Marriage 
Notice), $ 50 

Total for the month, $1,471 86 

Total previously received 7,737 42 

Total for year so far, $9,209 28 


Pennsylvania— ^85 .00. 

Eastern District, Sunday School. 

Green Tree, $ 25 00 


Elizabeth Will Keller, $20; I. F. 

Price, $16 36 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

"C. X," 8 00 

Western District. 

Meyersdale Mission Circle, 16 00 

Kansas— $30.00. 

Southeastern District, Congregation. 

Paint Creek, 14 00 

Fredonia Young People's Sunday- 
school Class 16 00 

Illinois — $24.44. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Waddams Grove, 11 00 

Christian Workers. 

Shannon, 8 25 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Woodland Primary Class, 5 19 

California— 4JS20.QO. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Inglewood 20 00 

Ohio — $19.25. 

Northeastern District, Sunday Schools. 

Freeburg, $12; West Nimishillen, 

$7.25, 19 25 

Washing-ton — $16.00. 

" Our Vadri, of Bulsar," 16 00 

Iowa — $10.25. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Rebecca Hess, 25 

Southern District, Sunday Schools. 

South Keokuk, 10 00 

Indiana — $10.00. 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

North Manchester, 9 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Susan Knote, 1 00 

Nebraska — $10.00. 

J. E. Young and family '. 10 00 

Virginia— -$5.00. 

Second District, Individuals. 

Rachel A. Ulrey, $1; Charles Hoover, 
$1; Merrill Hoover, $1; Sidney Driver, 
$1; Ralph Hoover, 75 cents; Hesket 

Garber, 25 cents 5 00 

Oreg'on — $5.00. 
Sunday School. 

Newberg 5 00 

Michig-an— $5.00. 
Sunday School. 

Sunfield, 5^00 

Total for the month, $ 239 94 

Previously received, 1,174 08 

Total for year so far, $1,414 02 

Ohio — $12.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday School. 

Freeburg, $ 12 00 

Illinois — $5.0O. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Henry M. Spickler 5 00 

Indiana — $4.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Chas. Ellabarger, 4 00 

West Virglna — $2.00. 
First District, Individuals. 

A. F. Frantz and wife, $1; Mary E. 

and Lelia F. Frantz, $1 2 00 

Oklahoma — $1.50. 

Geo. Prentice, 1 50 

Iowa— $1.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

D. S. Snyder 1 00 

Total for the month $ 25 50 

Previously received $ 699 41 

Total for the year thus far, $ 724 91 

Ohio — $33.95. 
Northeastern District, Sunday School. 

Freeburg, $ 30 15 


" Merrie," • 1 00 

Northwestern District, Sunday School. 

Eagle Creek, 1 80 


Nancy Patterson, 1 00 

Illinois — $11.88. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Cherry Grove, 11 88 

Iowa — $11.08. 

Middle District, Birthday Offerings. 

Sunday School. 

Dry Creek Sunday School, 9 60 


L. S. Snyder, 148 

Arkansas — $5.00. 

Mrs. Frank Reed, 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00. 

Mrs. F. A. Maust, 5 00 

Virginia — -$4.00. 

Second District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Hill 4 00 

Kansas — $1.00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Isaac P>. Garst 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 71 91 

Previously received, . . . . 271 66 

Total for the year $ 343 57 

Ohio — $12.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday School. 

Freeburg $ 12 00 

Calif ornia — $1 .50* 

Northern District, Individual. 

D. S. Musselman, 150 

Kansas — $1 .00. 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Isaac B. Garst, 1 00 

Pennsylvania — $1 .00. 
Southern District, Individual. 
#D. B. Hostetler, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 15 50 

Previously received, , 81 63 

Total for the year, $ 97 13 

California — $1 .00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

D. S. Musselman, $ 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 100 

Previously received, 20 75 

Total for year so far, $ 21 75 


Pennsylvania — $2.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Martha Hollinger $ 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 2 00 

Previously received, 270 82 

Total for year so far, $ 272 82 


Denver, Colo., Jan. 11, 1909. 

Amount of money received by the Church 
of the Brethren toward the building of a 
'churchhouse in Denver, Colo., from December 
1, 1908 to Jan. 1, 1909: 

C. D. Fager and wife, $10; Cedar Rapids 
congregation, by Dr. S. B. Miller, $4,6.73; 
H. W. Farringer, $3; Elgin congregation, El- 
gin, 111., $30.26; Yellow River congregation, 
Ind., $3.93; Union Center congregation, Ind., 
$9.50; Monticello congregation, Ind., $8.02; 
Nappanee congregation, Ind., $5.81; Sisters' 
Aid Society, Denver, Colo., $5; Ella Shrove, 


The Missionary Visitor 


$1; L. M. Thomas, $5; Mrs. B. F. Baker, $5; 
D. F. Hoover, $10; H. W. Yingst, $2; Solomon 
Creek congregation, by J. O. Weybright, 
$17.51; Elizabeth Robinson, $5; Frank Lehman, 
$5; O. L. Blickenstaff and wife, $7.50; Emma 
Steele, by I. Cripe, $1; North Liberty congre- 
gation, by I. Cripe, $6.11; Upper Deer Creek 
congregation, by I. Cripe, $8; Frances Myers, 
$1; Emma Baker, $1; U. Silvins, $10; Blanche 
Lentz, $5; Arthur E. Albert, $2; John A 
Miller, $10; M. Ohmart, $5; H. W. Behrens, $1 
J. H. Cox, $1; John Freitag, $3; Elizabeth 
Nofsinger, $15; Mary M. Galley, $5; Sarah M 
Galley, $5; Martinsburg Sewing Society, $5 
Collected by S. A. Honberger: Harvey Harter 
25 cents; Sarah Earley, 50 cents; Dan'l E 
Graber, 25 cents; Henry Etter, 25 cents; E. J 
Reece, $1.50; Susie Peters, 10 cents; S. Earley 
$1; W. J. Allman, 50 cents; Wm. Rice, $1 
D. W. Teeter, 50 cents; A. W. Teeter, $1; R. H 
Faith, 50 cents; Miss Ida L. Faith, "22 
months old," 1 cent; D. R. Faith, 50 cents 
W. M. Greenwood, 50 cents; Amos Harvey 
$1; John Richards, $1; Sophia M. Bollinger 
$1.25; Dan'l Johnston, $1; Adam Bollinger, $1 
S. P. Crumpacker and wife, $1.50; Maggie 
Ranthrauff, $1; E. L. Crumpacker, $1; John 
Zuck, $8; J. M. Wingerd, $5; Mrs. Anna Beigh 
$2. Collected by I. Cripe: Eli Swihart, $1 
W. D. Hostetler, 25 cents; Emma Rohrer, $1 
Levi Puterbaugh, 40 cents; David Johnson 
baugh, 50 cents; John Dickey, 50 cents; Harry 
Rohrer, 50 cents; 1 Tobias Kessel, 30 cents. 
John A. Summers, $5; A. D. Flory, $5; Samuel 
Fouts, $3; A. B. Lease, $2; Wilber Monda- 
baugh, $3. Collected by J. H Heckman: 
Kate Buckingham, $1; Samuel West, $1; W. H. 
Hood, $1. Jacob L. Myers, $50; Ellen Shank, 
$5; Canton Sunday School, by H Royer, $10; 
R. C. Butterbaugh, $5; J. S. Kline, $5. Col- 
lected by S. A. Honberger: E. A. Van Scoyoe, 
$1; Jesse Studebaker, $1; Mary Lowry, 25 
cents; Kate Hesp, 50 cents; Mont Ida Aid 
Society, Kansas, 50 cents; E. E. Robinson, $2; 
H. F. Summers, 50 cents; Fred Clarke, $2; 
J. B. Studebaker, $1; H. C. Smith and wife, 
$2; Chris Myers, $10; S. E. Lantz, $1; Lydia 
Buck, 25 cents; R. R. Quakenbush, $1; Verdi- 
gris Sunday school, Kansas, $1.36; Verdigris 
congregation, Kansas. $5.94. Collected by I. 
Cripe: Bremen church, Indiana, $5; J. G. 
Stinebaugh, $1; Elkhart Valley church, Ind., 
$5. Covina congregation, Covina, Cal., by 
C. J. Brandt, $10.15; Geo. S. Myers, $5; Ella 
Sprenkle, $1; Julia Sprenkle, $1; John F. 
Sprenkle, $5; Mary E. Stoner, $15; Walter 
Le Baron, $2; Mrs. Martha Holland, $1; John 
Duncanson, $3; Jacob Wirt, $2; Albert Snapp, 
$3; F. J. Delp, $2. Collected by I. Cripe: 
Union congregation, Plymouth, Ind., $8.55. 
L. J. Tenley, $5; Frank Horning, $20; J. F. 
Edmister, $5. 

Total, $526.93. 

H. F. Caylor, Secretary and Treasurer 
Building and Fund Committee. 

165 S. Clarkson St., Denver, Colo. 


January has come and gone and with it the 
following receipts have come to the office of 
the treasurer for the furtherance of the work 
in Chicago. With " one soul " worth more 
than the whole world the Extension has al- 
ready been " worth while " as today finds us 
with three who haye been buried with Christ 
in baptism and eight others who have made 
a public confession of their intentions to live 
for Christ. When this finds itself in print 
we feel sure that a number of these will have 
taken on Christ in baptism. We appreciate 
your prayers and financial gifts. The Lord 
bless us all to His service is our prayer. 

Ohio. — U. R. McCorkle, Sidney, $1; C. D. 
Miller, New Weston, $6; Henry A. Douter- 
man, Portage, $1.20; Cyntha Smith, New Car- 
lisle, $8.25; Mame Hoover, Alliance, $6; Jesse 
Noff singer, Dayton, $7; Kathryn Porter, Mans- 
field, $7.50; D. O. Kuns, Brookville, $17.55; 
Eli Mishler, Magadore, $4.36; Mrs. D. R. Mc- 
Fadden, Sterling, $4.13; H. P. Senger, Conti- 
nental, $2.50; John H. Throne, Pioneer, $19.30; 
Mrs. E. B. Bagwell, Bremen, $4.80; Mahlon 

Moyer, Alvordton, $5; Miriam Flora, Union, 
25 cents; Wm. Young, Tiffin, $2.25; A. B. 
Hprst, Bellefontaine, $1.75. Total, $98.84. 

Indiana. — Zernah C. Hill, Arcadia, $9.25; 
Mrs. W. M. Ulrich, Warren, $19.20; John 
Deferies, Milford, $11.22; H. D. Bolinger, 
Wabash, $6; J. E. Fiant, Connersville, 50 
cents; Isaac Huffman, New Ross, $3.27; W. L. 
Angle and wife, Bringhurst, $5; S. W. Garber, 
Vincennes, $2.40; C. M. Wenger, South Bend, 
$1.45; Civilla Petry, West Manchester, $13; 
O. H. Long, Clay City, $2; D. R. Hardman, 
Montpelier, $4.60. Total, $77.89. 

Illinois. — J. C. Lampin, Polo, 60 cents; Dow 
A. Ridgely, Parkersburg, $6.40; J. E. Gnagey, 
Milledgeville, $20.19; John L. Linley, Mt. 
Carroll, $12; Maggie Myers, Lanark, $2.10; 
H. Verner Stutsman, Girard, $1; Alice M. 
Gibble, $4.10; Unknown, Chicago, $1; Harry_E. 
Leedy, Cerro Gordo, $10; Lillian Walker, 
Liberty, $2.15; Frank Reha, Chicago, $1. 
Total, $60.54. 

Pennsylvania. — Geo. A. Armstrong, Hunts- 
dale, $5; J. H. Burket, Yellow Creek, 30 cents; 
W. E. Cox, Warrior's Mark, $3.50; H. W. Sim- 
mons, Everett, $1; Andrew Bowser, East Ber- 
lin, $3.82; Martha E. Beelman, Dillsburg, 
$4.50; W. H. Mentzer, New Enterprise, $3.75 
Mrs. Geo. E. Reitz, Friedens, $8.70. Total 

Maryland. — Julius Arnold, Accident, $3.20 
Ezra M. Slabaugh, Oakland, $2.50; John and 
Sarah Whitmore, Thurmont, $2.10; George W 
Fouch, Weaverton, $8; John H. Miller 
Williamsport, $2.50. Total, $18.30. 

Michigan. — R. S. Noll, Vickeryville, $17.36 
Edgar Whitmer, Beaverton, $1; Jesse Spindler 
Woodland, $8.08; Minnie Bright, Scottsville 
$1; Lucy "Weaver, Alto, $3.05. Total, $30.49. 

West Virginia. — W. H Mentzing, Scherr 
$3.50; Phineas Snyder. Williamsport, $4.25 
C. J. McGee, Purgittsville, $4. Total, $11.75 

Missouri. — James A. Campbell, Fristoe 
$10.50; Mary Wine, Nevada, $1.25; Adda E 
Gray, Mountain Grove, $3. Total, $14.75. 

California. — D. D. Huff or d, Macdoel, $6; 
Susie Forney, Long Beach, 75 cents; A. P. 
Neher, Inglewood, $8.65. Total, $15.40. 

Iowa. — Minnie Dong, Tipton, $2.10; Samuel 
Fike, Waterloo, $3.50; Dora Miller Heatwole, 
Brooklyn, $7; Bertha M. Wise, Dallas Center, 
$18.30; W. H. Albright, Kesley, $8. Total, 

Oklahoma. — Esther Showalter, Thomas, 
$43.39; Francis Kinsey, Cushing, $12; J. B. 
Ninninger, Coyle, $1.30. Total, $56.69. 

South Dakota. — Helen Duncan, Aberdeen, 
$5; J. H. Barnhart, Egeland, $3. Total, $8.00. 

Minnesota. — Mrs. Meda Fowler, Worthing- 
ton, $14.06. 

Nebraska. — E. T. Peck, Falls City, $2; Mrs. 
J. P. Ward, Litchfield, $5.10. Total, $7.10. 

Kansas. — J. D. Shoemaker, Pomona, $6.75. 
Sunday School, Collection, Extension 

No. 2 $10 06 

Unused Funds returned 26 

Rent from room, 3 00 

Goods sold 1 25 


Ohio $98 84 

Indiana 77 89 

Illinois 60 54 

Pennsylvania 30 57 

Maryland 18 30 

Michigan 30 49 

West Virginia 11 75 

Missouri 14 75 

California 15 40 

Iowa 38 90 

Oklahoma 56 69 

South Dakota 8 00 

Minnesota 14 06 

Nebraska 7 10 

Kansas 6 75 

All other sources 14 57 

Total $504 60 

Following are the names of those who are 
reported as having taken part in the above 
contributions. We take this means to thank 
each of them: 

Oklahoma. — Cushing: Oliver Fillmore. $1.50; 
Sarah Fillmore, $5; William, Nellie and 
Charles Kinsey, each $1; Roy Fillmore, $1; 


The Missionary Visitor 


Elsie Pote, 50 cents; Orval Pote, 50 cents; 
Louise Pierce, 25 cents; Johnnie Booth, 25 

Ohio. — Alvordton: Ruth Moyer, $1; Bernice 
Clay, $1; Bertha Clay, $1; Elgin S. Moyer, 50 

Missouri. — Mountain Grove: Earl and Pearl 
Harris, each $1. 

Iowa. — Dallas Center: Irma Sipling - , $1; 
Charlie Wise, $1; Rudy Royer, $2; Glenn Rowe 
and John Rowe, each, $1.25; Lucile Royer, $1; 
Abie Royer, $1.70; Beulah Wolg-amuth, $1.25; 
Frank Moser, $1.35; Harry Wise and Jake 
Wise, each, 75 cents; Orville Royer, $2; Alta 
and Alma Runte, each, $1; Iva Sipling, $1. 

North Dakota.— E gel and: Howard Sharp, 
$1; Lewis Robinson, $1; Earl Bowman, $1. 

Minnesota. — Worthington: Elsie Pinckh, $3; 
Hazel Finckh, $2; Elnora Schechter, $4; Lillie 
Ogg, 50 cents; Emma and Edna Herline, each, 
25 cents; Guy Bicknese and Muriel Bicknese, 
each, 25 cents; John Herline, 25 cents; Russel 
Fowler, $2.31; Earl Chute, $1. 

Pennsylvania. — New Enterprise: Percy Rep- 
logle, 90 cents; Ray and Irene Walter, each, 
50 cents; Guy Pierce, 50 cents; Mrs. C. L. 
Buck, 50 cents; Chalmer Dooly, 45 cents; 
Samuel Werking, 10 cents; Hazel Over, 10 
cents; Orvil Holsinger, 10 cents; Arthur 
Ferry, 10 cents. Friedens: Elsie Schrock, 
Stella Reitz, Ada Brant, Elsie Brant, Merle 
Rayman, Elsie and James Trent, Lloyd and 
John Reitz, Grace Baer, class, $8.70. 

West Virginia. — Purgittsville: David Ar- 
nold, 25 cents; Rodie Rinker, 25 cents; Bessie 
Shoemaker, 25 cents; Lena Fleming, 25 cents; 
Maggie Hartman, 25 cents; Annie Fleming, 
25 cents; Mina High, $1; Ettie and Clint High, 
$1; Frank High, 50 cents. Williamsport: 
Lemma and Harvey Rotruck, each, 90 cents; 
Charles Rotruck, 90 cents; Carrie Smutes, 30 
cents; Robert and Charley Likins, each, 25 
cents; Edgar Rotruck, 15 cents; Marie and 
Willie Likins, each 15 cents; Frank Rotruck, 
30 cents. 

Michigan. — Crystal: Virgil Coonsadt, $1; 
Elmer Neff, $3.15; Lulu, Clara and Robert 
Noll, each, 50 cents; Ethel Young, $1; Eva 
and Erwin Holesworth, each, 40 cents; 
Freddie Holesworth, 21 cents; Hazel and Alta 
Witter, $3; Lloyd Witter, 75 cents; Wilbur 
Noll, $1; Homer Noll, 75 cents; Teddie, Hallie 
and Charley Noll, each, 50 cents; Donna Noll, 
60 cents; Olive Leckner, $1; Clayton Leckner, 
60 cents; George Stone, 50 cents. 

Chas. W. Eisenbise, Superintendent and 

8.60 South Clifton Park Avenue. 


(Continued from Page 107.) 

about the sources from whence came the 
New Testament, has provided in Doctor 
Vedder's " Our New Testament : How 
Did We Get It ? " a scholarly yet clear 
and easily understood presentation of 
this very important and interesting sub- 
ject. The book, a volume of 388 pages, 
is appropriately bound in quiet and har- 
monious colors, and offered at the very 
moderate price of $1.00 net, postpaid. 


At the request of the American Bap- 
tist Publication Society, Dr. Henry C. 
Vedder, the noted professor of church 
history at Crozer Theological Seminary, 
has prepared a series of three handbooks 
to accompany the teacher-training course 
of the National Teacher-Training Insti- 
tute and for use in our young people's 
societies, church study classes, and by 
students of church history generally. 
The first of these handbooks treats of the 
" Early Period of Church History " ; the 
second, of the " Period of the Reforma- 
tion " ; and the third, of the " Modern 
Period." Professor Vedder's style, as is 
well known, Is clear, scholarly, and ex- 
ceedingly readable. He has packed into 
these little books the results of years of 
close study and investigation. The first 
book of the series, " The Early Period of 
Church History" (16mo, 128 pages; 
price, 30 cents), is now ready. It gives 
the founding of the church and its 
growth under apostolic missionary move- 
ments, the genesis and supremacy of the 
papacy, the movements of dissent, and 
the causes which led to the Reformation. 
It is composed of eight chapters, each 
chapter containing a bibliography and a 

Vol. II, " The Period of the Reforma- 
tion (16mo, 128 pages ; price, 30 cents), 
will shortly be issued. Professor Vedder 
resumes his narration at the point where 
Vol. I left it. The Reformation in Ger- 
many, Switzerland, Holland, England, 
and other countries is discussed with con- 
siderable fullness. The counter Reforma- 
tion, by which Catholicism saved itself, 
is likewise treated, as is the genesis of 
the Puritans and of modern denomina- 

Vol. Ill, " The Modern Period," will 
follow at once. It will treat of the move- 
ment of Christianity within the past two 
or three centuries and will bring church 
history to date. 

+♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦»♦♦»♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ 

I Brethren's Tracts and Pamphlets | 

In the following list the one page tracts are for free distribution. They are nearly 
all envelope size, very convenient, and intended to arouse interest, in which case 
inquiry will be made for larger tracts. The larger tracts may be had either through 
tract coupons which are given on the basis of ten per cent of any donation sent to 
the General Committee, or as given below. 

Numbers having " E " before them means the tract is published in envelope 
size, V/tf&Vz inches.. All others are pages 5^x7^ inches. " G" following the num- 
ber means the tract is published in the German, " S " in the Swedish and " D " in 
the Danish languages. 

Order by number. 

Prices given herein are by the hundred. Less quantities at the same rate. 

2. The Dighthouse. A. W. Vaniman. 
"Why Am I Not a Christian? S. W. 
<♦• E304. Christian Baptism. B. P. Moomaw. 

E305. Trine Argument for Trine Immersion. 

E306. Peet-Washing. J. H. Moore. 

E307. lord's Supper. J. H. Moore. 

E308. Close Communion. I. J. Rosenberger. 

E309. Salutation. J. H. Moore. 

E311. Church Entertainments. I. J. Rosen- 
•f E312. Gold and Costly Array. S. W. 

E313. Christian Giving'. I. J. Rosenberger. 

E314. Modern Skepticism. I. J. Rosen- 

E315. Christ and War. D. Vaniman. 

E316. Secret Societies. 

E319. The Old Way of Baptizing 1 . W. B. 

Are You Prepared to Die? James A. 

The Blessings of Divine Association. 
Adaline Beery. 

Infant Baptism. I. Bennett Trout. 
Helping Jesus. D. Vaniman. 
324. Saturday or Sunday, Which? 

E325. The Ministry of Sorrow. James A. 

E326. The Judgment. S. N. McCann. 

E327. Stop and Think. D. Vaniman. 

E328. Secret Prayer. 

E329. The Importance of Church Member- 
ship. D. Hays. 

A Few Open Questions. Andrew 

This Series 25 Cents Per Hundred. 

270. Atoning Blood of Christ. C. Hope, 

271. Design of Baptism. W. B. Stover. 

272. What Shall I Do With the Com- 
mandments of Jesus? J. E. Miller. 

273. Close Communion Examined. I. J. 

274. Christian Giving. I. J. Rosenberger. 

275. Are Christians Allowed to Swear? 
S. Z. Sharp. 

276. Anointing. L. W. Teeter. 

E277. The Safe Church Doctrine. L. W. 

E278. Standard of Nonconformity. Daniel 

E279. Three Dinks of Oddfellowship. I. J. 

E280. Organization of the Church. B. E. 

E281. How and Whom to Baptize. Daniel 

E282. The Second Coming of Christ. 

| J E330 

E283. The Gospel Door Dito the Church. 
E284. Why We Should Speak of Secret 

E285. Secret Societies and the Word of 



This Series 50 Cents Per Hundred. 

101. Why I Dove My Church. W. i3. 

102. Which Is the Right Church? b. T. 

103. Come Det Us Reason Together. 
(Tobacco Tract.) D. L. Miller. 

104. Communion. H. C. Early. 

105. The Bible Service of Peet-Washing. 
Landon West. 

E106. The House We Dive In. D. Vaniman. 

107. Origin of Single Immersion. James 

108. Intemperance. Jacob Rife. 
E109. The Dighthouse. A. W. Vaniman. 

110. Vocal and Instrumental Music in 
Worship. I. J. Rosenberger. 
Elll. Plain Dressing. D. L. Miller. 
E112. Prayer Covering. S. N. McCann. 

113. Christian Salutation. Salome A. 
(Stoner) Myers. 

114. Modern Skepticism in the Camp. 
I. J. Rosenberger. 

E115. The Dord's Supper. D. L. Miller. 

116. Woman's Work. Sadie Brallier Noff- 

117. Our Standard of Religion: What Is 
It? D. Hays. 

118. Sisters' Prayer Covering. S. Z. 

E119. The Dual Crucifixion. L. W. Teeter. 

41. Christian Baptism. D. C. Moomaw, 
16 pp., $0.90. 
E 42. The Church of the Brethren. D. L. 
Miller, $0.70. 

43. Church Entertainments. I. J. Rosen- 
berger, 11 pp., $0.70. 

44. Trine Immersion. J. H. Moore, 52 
pp., $2.80. 

45. Path of Dife. Daniel Hays, 36 pp., 

46. The Sabbath or Dord's Day. I. J. 
Rosenberger, 28 pp., $1.75. 

47. Perfect Flan of Salvation. J. H. 
Moore, 25 pp., $1.60. 

48. Secret Societies Da compatible with 
Christianity. I. J. Rosenberger, 17 
pp., $1.10. 

49. One Baptism. J. H. Moore, 42 pp., 

E 50. Baptism, — Historical and Exegetical. 
Quincy Leckrone, E. 48 pp., $1.10. 

Send all orders to 

General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois ;| 

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It has been a long tried and well proven plan of the 


to receive gifts of $100 or more and pay the donors or beneficiaries so 
long as they live, an annuity. The rate depends upon the age of the 
donor or beneficiary and is paid regularly on January 1 and July 1. 
After the death of the donor or beneficiary, then the income is used for 
the preaching of the Gospel in all the earth. 

The special advantage to the Board is that when the amount is 
paid in, the Board knows it will not have to defend wills to secure what 
has been willed to it. 

The advantages to the donor may be summed up as follows : 

1. Permanence. Few investments last over five years until reinvest- 
ment is necessary. * This often causes money to lie idle, makes much 
concern, and frequently is not satisfactory. All these features are 
eliminated in the annuity plan. The Board has easy facilities to invest 
in first class farm mortgages. Their abundant funds thus invested 
is ample guarantee that your annuity is sure. Your interest comes 
without fail on dates agreed upon. 

2. Five per cent without taxes to pay on the money is a good in- 
vestment. Every reader knows what that means. 

3. None of the principal thus donated is spent, but is held intact 
in first-class mortgages to earn the annuity promised. Contrast this 
with varied promotion schemes promising larger returns, principal be- 
ing consumed, and the donor having little or nothing after all. 

3 4. A perpetual good. The principal goes on to end of time preach- 
ing the Gospel, repeating the total of the principal every twenty years 
in trying to win men to Christ. 


" How much would I like to have used by the church when I am no < - 
X more? " Let that be much or little according to your means. If + 
you can turn that amount over to the Board, and receive an annuity, 
you have the benefit of the money during life and it is safe in the hands 
of the 3>ard at your death. 

Hundreds of donors on the annuity plan, some adding to the amount 
thus set apart, not a single one dissatisfied with his investment or dona- 
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Whoever you are, drop us a card asking for full particulars. 

:: General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois ;j 

Mention the Visitor in making your inquiry. 



U Worker 

Vol. XI 

APRIL, 1909 


CHRIST has risen from the dead. Hope trims her 
lamp, and life takes on a dignity and value it never 
had before. Life is no more a useless drama upon 
which the death-curtain is about to fall, never 
more to rise. It is not a tragedy ending with a 
groan and a grave. Its symbol is no more a broken pillar, a 
shattered vase, or an extinguished torch. It is no more a 
harp whose music will soon be hushed because its strings are 
about to be broken by the hand of death. Life is no more a 
bud blighted as it begins to unfold. The resurrection of Jesus 
from the dead has destroyed all such symbols. The grave now 
is not life's goal. The tomb is not its terminus. The sepul- 
chre has become a triumphal arch through which as weary 
pilgrims of the night we may pass into an endless life. To 
us Time is the porch of which Eternity is the palace. It is 
the key-board of which the great Future is the Organ. It is 
only the introduction, nay the title page, of a volume to be 
unfolded in the life beyond. The Present is but the prelude 
of which Forever is the song. Thus Easter is to us the bright- 
est day that dawns upon a world so darkened with the sad 
story of sin and death. — Selected. 


Contents for April, igog. 

Comments, 1st 


The Strategic Point of Missions is the Sunday School, By the Editor, 113 

Brief History of Harrisonburg Church, Virginia, By S. Marguerite Thomas, 115 

The Conference Missionary Collection, 117 

Paul's Missionary Manual, By A. T. June, 118 

Volunteer Mission Band of Fairfax Church, By Anna E. Flohr, 121 

Weekly Prayer Cycle, By F. H. Crumpacker, 123 

China's Present Famine, By Geo, W. Hilton, 125 

Some Historic Women of China, By Emma Horning, 127 

An Open Letter, By Mary Stover, 129 

From Jhagadia, Rajpipla, India, By Emma Horner Eby, 130 

A Heathen's Ten Commandments, By W. B. Stover, 131 

Vyara Notes, By A. W. Ross, 132 


'. 142 

The Missionary Visitor 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris,' Illinois. The third Wednesday in April. August 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Virginia. and December. 

L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Indiana. Address all communications to the 


Washington, D. C. - BOARD, 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. Elgin, Illinois. 

Subscription Terms 

Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in 
reading the Visitor. 

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the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board, 

Elgin, Illinois, U.S.A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postofRce at Elgin, Illinois. 

The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XI 

April, 1909 

Number 4 




By the Editor 

PERHAPS no other denomination has 
her Sunday schools any better or- 
ganized for effectual work than have the 
Brethren. The young people are awake 
♦for the most part to the opportunity af- 
forded in our schools, even if some of 
them are not up to the standard. 

This is a day of great prosperity. 
Turn to right or left, go north or south, 
and the father and mother have, thru 
industry and the development of the 
country in their lifetime, prospered fi- 
nancially. The poor of yesterday are 
the well-to-do and rich of today. 

This accumulation came into the hands 
of those who, in the. beginning, knew 
nothing of the missionary collection, and 
later in life became accustomed to one 
once or twice each year. With such 
training it is no marvel that it is difficult 
to part the possessor from a scriptural 
portion of his goods. He has not been 
raised that way. In childhood he was 
not taught to give. If he heard anything 
on the subject it was the remark that 
it was a " worldly " innovation. No won- 
der then that in manhood and old age he 
fails to change his ways. 

But what is becoming of this wealth? 
Behold it passing rapidly into the hands 
of the Sunday-school scholars ! What 
will they do with it? Will they, too, 
clench it tightly? 

The answer to this question largely lies 
in the hands of the officers and teachers 

of our Sunday schools. There are many 
noble examples of proper training in the 
homes on the subject of^giving; but even 
the " many " are very few compared to 
the number who are taught to hold rather 
than to give. 

Here comes in the value of missionary 
instructions and training in the Sunday 
school. Every officer and teacher has 
failed to do his whole duty to the future 
church who fails to impress a world-wide 
message and a world-wide need of that 
message upon the hearts of the pupils 
of the school. History is full of instances 
where missionary heroes received their 
first impressions of missionary service in 
the Sunday school. No other part of the 
vineyard is so promising. 

Every Sunday-school lesson should be 
viewed from a missionary angle. And it 
can be. The Bible is a missionary book and 
is full of missionary inspiration to the 
missionary Christian. In addition to this, 
short talks on mission subjects, mission- 
ary sermons and lectures for the special 
benefit of the scholars, should be of fre- 
quent occurrence. It will not work 
greatly against your cause if you hear 
some semi-anti-missionary member say 
that you are running missions into the 
ground or turning the Sunday school into 
a missionary society. If the school goes 
" into the ground " because of mission- 
ary interest and effort, you can call in 
some missionary preacher to discourse 


The Missionary Visitor 


over its death, and like the colored minis- 
ter, he can consistently take for his 
text, " Blessed are the dead that die 
in the Lord." 

To know is to do. To know the field, 
as every missionary writes home, is to 
be over-enthusiastic in trying to give 
them the message. Thru every avenue 
the young heart and mind should be in- 
stilled with those principles and ideals 
which will make them not owners but 
stewards of the wonderful heritage now 
passing into their hands. 

" Wonderful heritage " did I say ? Just 
think of it! On- the basis of the average 
wealth of the United States, which is low 
for a class so prosperous and economical 
in habits and life as are the Brethren, the 
inheritance passing over to the Sunday- 
school scholars is over $100,000,000.00. 
What a responsibility ! What possibilities 
in the future for the church if this mighty 
force is directed aright! 

The occasional collection by the " pass- 
ing of the hat" is no longer the proper 
educator for today. Good as it has been, 
and well as it has served the purposes of 
transition, it has always been far below 
the New* Testament standard of laying 
aside the first day of each week. There 
is no chance for growth in the occasional 
collection, even tho it be liberal; not 
any more than a big dinner once a 
month and no more eating would keep 
the body in perfect health. 

The " penny collections " good for 
their time should be discarded. The Bi- 
ble says nothing about the copper belong- 
ing to the Lord. It talks about the silver 
and the gold. Further, many are giving 
coppers who according to their increase 
should be giving dollars. The penny col- 
lection does real harm to such givers, for 
it satisfies them under false impressions. 

Neither is the plan of using the sur- 
plus of the amount collected for Sunday- 
school expenses a good one. There is no 
inspiration for missions in this. It points 

to nothing higher than local needs. Far 
better to take the collections of one Sun- 
day for Sunday-school expenses and for 
the other three Sundays for missions, 
than the surplus plan. 

Indeed, the only gospel method is to 
take up weekly collections. Teach the 
scholar to lay by each week, — have a 
weekly offering and let it be clearly un- 
derstood what each offering is for. 

There are reasons for this and they 
should be conclusive to any honest mind : 

1. It is scriptural. 1 Cor. 16: 2. 

2. It develops individualism. Each 
scholar in the school should feel the re- 
sponsibility of himself giving, until the 
parent would give a just portion of his 
income thru his children in the school. 

3. It teaches the child the large-heart- 
edness of living and doing for others at 
an age when the young mind and heart 
will never depart from the good way in 
mature years. 

4. It gives opportunity for an increase 
in giving as the heart is cultivated and 
knows the joy of such blessed service. 

5. It gives opportunity for a new and 
substantial enthusiasm in a good work. 
Children like to do things. When they 
know they are giving to some good cause 
that is bringing results they will work the 
harder themselves and solicit others to 
join them. 

6. It furnishes a method of contribut- 
ing $50,000.00 to missions in addition to 
present gifts if properly followed up by 
teacher and officer, and that without any 
burden of distress on any one, but great 
joy in the hearts of all. 

7. Its direct influence on the school 
would be seen on decision day, when the 
revival is on and these little sacrificers 
would give their lives to the Lord. 

8. It secures a better stewardship of 
the vast funds coming into their hands as 
they mature, and this all for the glory of 
God and honor of His name on earth. 


The Missionary Visitor 



S. Marguerite Thomas 

AS Harrisonburg, Va., will be in the 
eyes of the Brotherhood this year 
it may be of some interest to know some- 
thing of the Church of the Brethren in 
this place. 

In the year 1900 a request for church 
services in the town of Harrisonburg was 
sent to the congregations cornering in 
said town. Committees were appointed 
by the three congregations so corner- 
ing, to investigate and report. The re- 
sult was that arrangements were made to 
use a one-story building (which at the 
time was used for a private school) as 

Building Where First Services Were Held in 
Beginning of Mission in Harrisonburg. 

a place of worship. This building was 
located on High Street. The first serv- 
ice was held on June 9, 1901. The open- 
ing sermon was preached by Eld. J. M. 
Kagey, of the Cook's Creek congrega- 

On July 7, 1901, Sunday school was 
organized. The services were conducted 
alternately by ministers from each con- 
gregation. Bro. P. S. Thomas was 
placed over the work by the committee in 
charge of same. 

The building on High Street was used 
until November, 1901. At this time an 
opportunity was offered for the use of 
the Baptist church, as they did not have 
a minister. Services were conducted here 
until Sept. 1, 1902. 

Baptist Church Where Services Were Held 
Nov. 1, 1901 to Sept. 1, 1902. 

In March, 1902, Eld. H. C. Early held 
a series of services that were interesting 
and well atended. 

As the Baptist church could not be used 
longer than Sept. 1, 1902, arrangements 
were made to again use the building on 
High Street, where the work was be- 
gun and continued there until April 1, 

In May, 1905, Bro. J. Carson Miller 
held a meeting that resulted in 10 addi- 
tions to the church. Eight of those bap- 
tized lived in Harrisonburg. 

Steps were taken in 1902 to raise 
money to purchase a lot and build a 
church, but as sufficient money could not 
be secured the project was abandoned for 
a while. 

The lease on the building on High 
Street expired on April 1, 1906, and not 
being able to release it the members were 
without a place of worship. 

A lot had been selected and bought in 
1905, and it was decided to erect a tem- 
porary building on it in which to hold 
services and conduct the Sunday school 
until a church building could be erected. 
Realizing that the temporary chapel could 
not be used in cold weather it became 
necessary to take active steps toward 


The Missionary Visitor 


building a church. Solicitors were se- 
lected and the work was begun on the 
church building and the same completed 
in the autumn of 1906. The church was 
dedicated Dec. 9, 1906. Bro. Geo. W. 

Church of the Brethren. 

Flory preached the dedicatory sermon 
to a large audience. 

Since the completion of the church, 
there has been an increased attendance 
at the preaching services, and the Sun- 
day school shows a larger average at- 
tendance for each year. 

In May, 1908, Bro. W. K. Conner held 
a series of meetings and 12 were added 
to the church. The majority of those 
baptized were from the Sunday school. 

From a membership of about one doz- 
en persons when the work was begun 
it has increased to 88 at the present 
time. The average attendance at Sunday 
school for the second quarter of 1901 
was 24 ; for the last quarter of 1908 was 
44, and for the entire year 45. For Jan- 
uary, 1903, 53 and February, 1909, 62. 
The Sunday school in addition to its 
other activities has a cradle roll of 22. 

In 1908 a movement was begun by the 
congregations interested in Harrisonburg 
to organize it into a separate congrega- 
tion, and this was consummated Feb. 

27, 1909, when a joint council of the 
Mill Creek, Green Mount and Cook's 
Creek congregations convened in Har- 

' Bro. P. G. Thomas was chosen elder. 
At the same time Brethren P. F. Sho- 
walter and Jno. D. Garber.were elected 
deacons. P. F. Showalter was chosen 
secretary and treasurer of the church and 
S. Marguerite Thomas correspondent. 

In taking a retrospective view of the 
work in the Master's vineyard we can 
see, as in most movements, certain fac- 
tors having an influence and shaping 
the work. One of these has been the 
untiring and persistent efforts of Sister 
Martha Hartman. It was due to her re- 
quest, primarily, that the work was be- 
gun and she has from its inception given 
it material support, contributing to the 
expenses and assisting in the erection of 
the churchbuilding. 

Many others from the congregations 
above named have contributed liberally 
and were instrumental to the progress 
made. What has been done by them has 
resulted in establishing the church here, 
and is much appreciated by us who are 
the direct beneficiaries of their liberal- 

The privileges and benefits arising 
from what* has been done place in- 
creased responsibilities upon the member- 
ship of the Harrisonburg church. This, 
realized as it ought to be, will prompt 
all to give the best in their lives to the 
Master's use and service, and finally as 
workers together with Him reap the re- 
ward of such service. 

May the glory and praise be God's 
through Jesus Christ our Lord. 

Oh, let us wake up to the possibilities ! 
" To him that believeth." No limit put 
on faith. " Believe all things. Receive 
all things. Do all things." "-Greater 
works than these shall ye do," said Jesus. 
He meant what He said. Heaven's great 
supply house is thrown wide open to 
faith, and no man has a right to pre- 
scribe any limit to it. — Len G. Broughton. 

The Missionary Visitor 


Have you thot about it? Or is it too early to 
think about it and get ready for it? Surely, it is 
not too early for those who wish to lay by each 
week as the Lord has prospered them, so that when 
the time comes there need be no gathering for the 

Why not set apart a week of self-denial before 
the Sunday the collection is lifted for the Confer- 
ence offering? Each congregation can select its 
own time, but the first week in May would be splen- 

Let the pastors and elders encourage the mem- 
bers to deny themselves of some thing for that week 
and give the proceeds into the Lord's work. 

Results that will follow are these : 

A deeper spiritual life in the congregations. It 
has been so long since members have really denied 
themselves for the Master's sake that there will 
follow a revival of grace in their hearts, It will 
greatly increase the receipts of the Board and thus 
enable them to push out instead of standing still. 

Many may not appreciate the fact that the Board 
cannot go into debt in its work. It must have the 
funds before it can appropriate them. It is the 
church's part to make it possible to increase the 
work in the field. 

Self-denial of some specific thing will work won- 
ders. Why not try it and prove the Lord if He 
will not add greatly in blessing because this has 
been done? 

118 The Missionary Visitor 


Romans 10: 13-15. 
A. T. June 


*TT* HE Bible is a missionary book from 
-*- lid to lid. Jesus Christ was the 
greatest Missionary that ever lived. We 
are taught to follow in His footsteps. If 
we follow Jesus Christ as Christians, we 
will become missionaries. It is the duty 
of every Christian to be a missionary. 
If we fail to be missionaries, we fail in 
being true followers of the Lord. We 
dishonor Him. Paul caught the Spirit 
of- Christ and went forth as a missionary. 
It will inspire you to study his three 
missionary journeys, each one reaching 
out a little farther. Here in the text — 
Paul's Missionary Manual — we have 
three things necessary to make' a mis- 
sionary church. Every church possesses 
them : 

I. The Message. 

" How then shall they call on him in 
whom they have not believed? and how 
shall they believe in him of whom they 
have not heard ? " 

The Gospel is God's message. It must 
be heard before anyone can believe. The 
heathen must hear the good news of 
the death of Christ for them, in- 
dividually. " Christ died for our sins." 
The heathen do not know this. If they 
did, they would accept it. That is why 
we are to send them the Gospel — give 
them the message that they may hear and 

This is the Gospel, declares Paul: 
" Christ died for our sins, according to 
the scriptures, and that he was buried, 
and that he rose again, the third day, ac- 
cording to the scriptures" (1 Cor. 15: 
3, 4). 

It is the power of God unto salvation. 
Brethren, we must send the heathen the 
Gospel — the good news — the glad tid- 

The message is, " God was in Christ, 
reconciling the world unto himself; and 
hath committed unto us, the word of rec- 
onciliation " (2 Cor. 5: 19). "Go ye, 

therefore, and make disciples of all na- 
tions," said Jesus (Matt. 28: 19, R. V.). 
How dare we disobey this command? 
What answer will you give for not send- 
ing or going? How can we meet the 
heathen at the judgment throne of God? 
How can we explain to them why we 
did not send or take them the Gospel? 
How can we meet Jesus and how can we 
explain to Him why we did not obey 
when He so plainly bade us go? These 
are the questions which concern ' every ] 
honest Christian. 

1. We cannot say the doors were shut. 
They were shut twenty-five years ago, 
but such is not the case today. In answer 
to prayer, God has swung wide the doors, 
and we of the twentieth century stand 
face to face with the greatest responsi- 
bility ever borne by man. The nations 
are challenging us to send them anything 
we have that is better than they possess. 
The best thing we have is the Gospel of 
Jesus Christ. We send shiploads of our 
guns, our explosives, our liquors, our 
bad habits, and then we send our Gospel 
at the cost of twenty cents a head. We 
sometimes hear of a man feeling like 
thirty cents, but just how he feels at 
twenty cents I do not know. Do you 
wonder that the churches in the home- 
land are spiritually dead? Some effort 
on our part to save the heathen might 
lead to the salvation of those of our own 
firesides. Several years ago a man who 
lived in Rochester, N. Y., had just ar- 
rived on the train from a journey. He 
was anxious to greet his wife and little 
ones. As he hurried along the street, he 
saw an excited group of men on the bank 
of the river. A boy was drowning. 
Throwing down his valise and pulling 
off his coat, he plunged in, and grasped 
the boy in his arms. He struggled with 
his burden to the shore and as he wiped 
the dripping face of the child : " O 
God, it is my own boy ! " he exclaimed. 


The Missionary Visitor 


In thinking to save some boy he had res- 
cued his own. The church that is con- 
cerned about the heathen is also con- 
cerned about their own, and is seeking 
to save men in foreign lands as well as 
at home. 

2. We cannot plead ignorance, for we 
have missionary meetings, missionary pa- 
pers, missionary books, missionary mag- 
azines, mission study classes, as well as 
returned missionaries to tell us about the 
great need of the foreign field. There 
has never been a time in the history of 
Christian missions when the church was 
in possession of so much missionary in- 
formation as at the present time. There- 
fore we cannot say we did not know the 
conditions of those who sit in darkness. 
Every tick of the clock sounds the death 
knell of a heathen soul. Sixty die every 
minute and 3,600 every hour — 86,400 
every day. 

3. We cannot say that it is vain to 
send the message— the Gospel — for last 
year the missionaries were blessed with 
more converts on the foreign field than 
we were in the homeland. Over 10,000 
were won from heathenism. Does it 
pay? The result is the answer. It would 
pay if the church had rescued one soul 
out of heathen superstition. Every five 
dollars given to foreign missions wins a 
soul for the kingdom of God. 

II. The Messenger. 

" How shall they hear without a 
preacher?" We must send messengers 
— missionaries. We have the message, 
but we must have men and women to 
carry the message. 

" God hath committed to us the word 
of reconciliation." In God's plan every 
disciple is a witness — a messenger — an 
ambassador. The message is God's part. 
At infinite cost He has prepared it for 
us and committed it to us. The mes- 
senger is our part. 

Heathen nations are crying for mes- 
sengers — men and women to come and 
teach them about the white man's God. 

Mr. Wolf, a missionary from Foo 
Chow, tells us a sad story of a Chinaman 
who one day knocked at his study door. 

He was asked what he wanted. In ear- 
nest tones he said : " I have come from 
such and such a place [naming it] and 
I want you to send some one to my vil- 
lage to teach us about Christ." The mis- 
sionary was unable to grant his request. 
Again he entreated, but, sad as it may 
seem, he was sent away with " No " for 
an answer. After two weeks he came 
back with three other men and he re- 
newed his petition. His earnestness and 
perseverance touched the heart of the 
missionary, and he discussed the matter 
with these friends, but they saw no way 
to grant their wish. At the end of three 
weeks the man came a third time with 
five others and begged for a Christian 
teacher. Once more he received the re- 
ply : " We cannot send you one, but we 
advise you to go home and pray to- 
gether." The poor, disappointed man 
gave up in despair and three days later 
the tidings came that he had put an end 
to his life, because the missionary could 
not send him a teacher to guide them to 
Jesus Christ. 

At whose door lieth the sin ? 

How shall they hear without a preacher 
— a messenger? 

The following message was sent by 
a Chinaman to Bishop Cassel of West 
China : " Go and tell the missionary 
that he must send a messenger — a 
preacher — here to teach us the way of 
life; otherwise we shall make our cry 
against those who refused to come and 
teach us." These millions of unsaved 
souls we must confront at the bar of 
God. Said a heathen to a missionary: 
" How long have you known Christ ? Did 
your father know Christ ? " " Yes." 
" Did your grandfather know Christ ? " 
" Yes." " Then why have you been so 
long in coming ? " 

Miss Morrill, a victim of the Boxers 
in China, tells us what made her a mis- 
sionary. One day she tried to impress 
the mind of her Chinese pupil with the 
love of Jesus as Savior of the world. 
The Chinese lad looked up and said : " I 
wish some woman would go to China and 
tell my mother that ; she will never know 


The Missionary Visitor 


it unless some woman goes." These 
words caused her to -offer herself at once 
to the American Board of Foreign Mis- 

The call comes for messengers. Will 
we help send them ? There is great need 
of missionaries. We have at the present 
time nearly 18,000 in the field, but what 
are they among so many ? 

III. Money— the Means. 

" How shall they preach except they 
be sent ? " When we get the messengers 
they must be sent, and it takes money to 
send them. If we cannot go, we can send 
a substitute, or at least help send one. 

How much shall I give this year to 
foreign missions? 

1. If I refuse to give anything I prac- 
tically cast a ballot in favor of the recall 
of every missionary on the field. 

2. If I give less than heretofore I 
favor a reduction of the missionary 

3. If I give as formerly I favor hold- 
ing the ground already won, but I op- 
pose a forward movement. But remem- 
ber, we are under marching orders ; the 
command is, " Go ! " 

4. If I advance my offering beyond 
former years, then I favor an advance for 
Christ. What shall we say? "Is not 
the church of today doing a great 
work ? " you ask. Yes, but nothing com- 
pared with what they should do. Last 
year the church universal gave between 
nineteen and twenty millions, maintain- 
ing about 18,000 missionaries, yet not 
one-third of the church membership is 
paying or even praying for the cause 
of missions. 

Robert Speer says there are 12,000 
churches in America who did not give one 
cent to missions last year. A postage 
stamp a week from every church member 
in the United States alone would yield 
twenty millions. If one-fourth of the 
Protestants of Europe and America gave 
one cent a day the result would be one 
hundred millions a year. In 1898 Mr. 
Speer estimated the property of Protes- 
tants in America to be worth twenty bil- 
lions, and that one-fiftieth of what the 

church was adding every year with what 
was already being given would be suffi- 
cient to speedily evangelize the world. 
Today one one-hundredth part of the an- 
nual income of the professed followers of 
Christ in Protestant lands would yield 
two hundred millions. The church has 
the means — the money to send preachers 
of the Gospel. It takes about 3,000 of 
us to send out and maintain one mission- 
ary. That surely is not the spirit of the 
New Testarrjent. 

The Moravians send out and support 
one missionary to every 58 church mem- 
bers. Figure that out for your own de- 
nomination and see how many repre- 
sentatives you should have in the foreign 
field. We must give to 

1st. Save the world. 

Nine hundred million souls are still 
groping in idolatry. At every breath 
we draw, four souls perish, never having 
heard of Jesus Christ. They are dying 
at the rate of 100,000 a day. Therefore 
we must give in order to save the world. 

2d. We must give to save the church. 

Her supreme mission is to save the 
world. All nations have opened their 
doors to her message. The church is 
complete in equipment, all she lacks is a 
spirit of willingness. The conflict be- 
tween Christianity and world-wide 
heathenism is on. The destiny of the 
heathen millions depends upon the action 
of the church. Thus it behooves every 
Christian to do his utmost. In answer to 
the call of Jesus Christ there must be 
such a response in messengers and in 
money that the world will wonder, the 
church be glorified and purified and the 
Master's world-wide work be done. 

Let me tell you how Americans spend 
their money today: 

1. For liquors, $1,243,000,000. 

2. For tobacco, $750,000,000. 

3. For jewelry and plate, $700,000,000. 

4. For church work at home, $250,- 

5. For confectionery, $178,000,000. 

6. For millinery, $80,000,000: 

7. For chewing gum, $11,000,000. 


The Missionary Visitor 


8. For foreign missions, $7,500,000. 

3d. We must give to save ourselves. 

We are saved to serve and to help 
save. In this day of need and this critic- 
al hour of the church, if we fail to help, 
some day we shall be missing. Indiffer- 

ence to missions means the forfeiture of 
Christ's presence, and favor. There is a 
place with Him for all those who have 
stretched forth a hand to save. — The 
Christian and Missionary Alliance. 


Anna E. Flohr 

AT our fourth quarterly council of 
1908 Eld. S. A. Sanger raised the 
question of organizing a Volunteer Mis- 
sion Band. The question being favor- 
able, Brethren B. F. Miller and Lewis 
B. Flohr were then appointed a commit- 
tee to arrange a missionary program for 
the purpose of making a call for volun- 

On New Year day, 1909, at 11 A. M., 
an excellent program was rendered. At 
the close of the program, while singing 
" Will You Be One," from Song Praises 
No. 38, fifteen brethren and sisters vol- 
unteered, thus expressing themselves 
ready and willing to carry out the promise 
which had been read at the opening of 
the program. 

On Jan. 3, 1909, the band met to or- 
ganize. At this meeting before the or- 
ganization another call was made for vol- 
unteers and, while again singing " Will 
You Be One," nineteen others responded. 
Officers were then elected as follows: 
J. F. Wilcox, president; Ira B. Miller, 
vice-president; Anna E. Flohr, secre- 
tary and correspondent ; • D. H. Miller, 
treasurer. A committee was then ap- 
pointed to draft a constitution. Jan. 17, 
1909, the band again met and the follow- 
ing constitution was read and adopted: 


Volunteer Mission Band, Fairfax Church 

of the Brethren. 

Article I. Name. 
The name of this organization shall 

be the Volunteer Mission Band of Fair- 
fax Church of the Brethren. 

Article II. Motto. 
" Pray ye therefore the Lord of the 
harvest that he would send forth labor- 
ers into his harvest." Luke 10: 2. 

Article III. Purpose. 
To carry out the promise. 
Article IV. Promise. 

1. I promise, for the enlarging and 
strengthening of the Lord's Kingdom, 

2. To inform and educate myself along 
mission lines, and to help others to do 
the same. 

3. To keep myself posted on the mis- 
sion work and growth of the church. 

4. To interest all others possible in 
the same. 

5. To keep the Lord's work foremost 
when choosing a calling or location. 

6. To do, at all times, and in all ways, 
all that is within my power to carry out 
the Lord's work and these promises. 

Article V. Membership. 

The membership of this organization 
shall consist of all members of the con- 
gregation who are willing to sign the 

Article VI. Officers. 

1. The officers shall consist of presi- 
dent, vice-president, secretary, corre- 
spondent, and treasurer. 

2. They shall be elected by ballot at 
the first regular monthly meeting in each 


The Missionary Visitor 


year, to serve for one year, or until their 
successors are elected and installed. 

3. The president shall perform the du- 
ties generally devolving on such officer. 
He shall appoint an advisory committee, 
the membership of which need not be 
limited to the membership of the band, 
and such other committees and leaders 
as he may think necessary. 

4. The vice-president shall perform the 
duties of president in the absence of that 
officer, or when called upon by that of- 
ficer to do so. 

5. The secretary-correspondent shall 
keep the minutes of all business meet- 
ings, and a record of all special pro- 
grams; also receive in writing and turn 
over to the president any item of business 
intended for the meeting ; approve orders 
drawn on the treasurer for the proper 
expenditures of the band ; receive, count, 
and record all money received and then 
turn same over to treasurer; attend to 
all correspondence ; and make an annual 
report of the work of the band to the 
first quarterly council of each year. 

6. The treasurer shall have charge of, 
and be accountable for, all funds of the 
band, and shall disburse same on proper 
order of the secretary-correspondent. 

Article VII. Meetings. 

1. Regular meetings shall be held 

2. Other meetings, for Bible study, or 
to render special programs, may be held 
as decided by a majority vote. 

Article VIII. Funds. 
The funds shall consist of, 

1. A collection held at each regular 
monthly meeting, and such other collec- 
tions as may be held. 

2. Such other funds as may be do- 
nated to, or come into the possession of, 
the band for its use. 

Article IX. Quorum. 
A quorum for the transaction of busi- 
ness shall consist of not less than one- 
third of the total membership. 

Article X. Amendment. 

This constitution may be- amended by 
the presentation, bearing the approval of 
a majority of the officers, of the proposed 
amendment to any regular monthly meet- 
ing for consideration. It shall then be 
presented to the next regular monthly 
meeting for further consideration and 
action, and if a majority of those pres- 
ent vote favorably to it, it shall be de- 
clared adopted. 

Forty brethren and sisters, young, 
middle-aged and old, have volunteered 
and are entering into the work with re- 
newed energy and zeal, realizing that the 
world is the field and that we are only 
a few of the so-much-needed reapers, 
but remembering out motto, and forget- 
ting those things which are behind, we 
press forward endeavoring to carry the 
pure and unadulterated Gospel to those 
in darkness. Paul may plant, Apollos 
water, but God must give the increase. 

Vienna, Virginia, Feb. 16, ipop. 


" The power of prayer reaches across the sea and around the earth. 
We can contribute to the conversion of the heathen and the evangelisa- 
tion of the world by our prayers. The prayers of believers in America 
have brought down the Spirit in India and China. Doubtless more men 
and more money are needed for foreign mission work, but the greatest 
need of foreign missions is prayer. It is a sad fact, that much money 
given to foreign mission work has been largely wasted. There has not 
been enough intelligent prayer back of the giving. There is mighty 
power in prayer." — Dr. R. A. Torrey. 


The Missionary Visitor 



F. H. Crumpacker 

Calls from the Word of God. — 1 Tim. 
2: 1; Philpp. 4: 6; John 16: 24. 

Conditions of Prevailing Prayer. — 1 
John 3: 22; John 15: 7; Rom. 8: 26. 

Assurance to Prayers. — Matt. 7: 7, 8; 
Matt. 18: 19; Isa. 65: 24; 40: 31. 
Prayers Be 

In the still church I knelt to pray 

With hungry heart, 
Trusting my Savior's gracious hand 

Might food impart. 



1. For the 
Brotherhood. — 
That preachers 
everywhere may 
be quickened by 
the Holy Spirit 
so that they may 
preach the Word 
with power. — 
That church 
members may be 
built up and con- 
verts may be brot 
into the fold. — 
That the spirit of 
revival may 
spread all over 
the world. 

2. For all the 
young people's 
movements in the 
church. — That 
they may be pray- 
ing, giving, and 
going to help 
evangelize the 
world. — That the 
Mission Study 
Classes in the 
churches may be 
increased in num- 
ber and result in awakening a keener in- 
terest in the mission of the church. 

3. For all the Sunday schools, that the 
officers and teachers may consider that 
they have a divine message and that 
there may be many brot into the church 
as a result of their teaching the message. 

f r if. »f 'I' '!■ 't' »? « »t' » |» »t' »l « »t« »t « » l"|i »l» »t« »! ■ » ^ *t« »t« »t' 't' ^ ' t' 't ' ' t' ' ^ ' t« ' t « 'I* ' I 


% Then, tenderly, the living Lord 
4 Refreshment brought, 

*f Till my glad soul in gratitude 
% Of others thought. 

X For, in the dark without, I knew, 
jj Were hearts like mine, 

X As full of longing for His face, 
*| His food divine. 

y How shall I, glorious Lord, to them 
X Carry Thy feast? 

♦!* Small seems my portion, — lo, I am 
% One of Thy least! 

J This answer then the Master spoke, 
♦> Calming my soul: 

i* From out the altar fire He took 
X A burning coal. 

Gently, He laid it on my lips 

And said, I pour 
Into thy life a passion new, 

Unfelt before. 

The gift of intercession take; 

For others bend; 
So, shall thy strength be multiplied 

Men to befriend. 

Now, to that starving multitude 

Carry My bread; 
Fear not, by prayer's transmuting power 

All shall be fed! 

— Eliza Strang Baird. 

1. For the General Mission Board. — 
That their officers and members may be 
guided by the Holy Spirit in procuring 
funds, in securing, and placing and di- 
recting the workers. That the PUBLI- 
the Board and 
church may uni- 
fy the church 
and arouse the 
same to support 
in a fuller meas- 
ure the efforts 
of the General 

2. For the 
district boards. 
— That they 
may more fully 
enter the unoc- 
cupied territory 
and care for the 
isolated mem- 
bers, the or- 
phans, the old 
people's homes, 
and the city 
mission work — 
including the 
Chinese m i s - 
sions, the Jew- 
i s h missions, 
the Italian mis- 
sions and any 
other work that 
they are caring 


1. For India's government and the of- 

2. The orphanage at Bulsar and the 
workers — Brother and Sister Emmert,. 
Brother and Sister Blough, Sister Mary 

3. For Ankleshwer, the boys' school* 


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and the workers — Brother and Sister 

4. For Vada, and workers — Brother 

and Sister Berkebile, and Sister Powell. 

. 5. For Umalla, workers — Brother and 

Sister Lichty, Sister Miller and Brother 

and Sister Pittenger. 

6. For Dahanu, workers — Brother and 
Sister Br.ubaker. 

7. For Jhagadia, workers — Brother 
and Sister E. H. Eby. 

8. For Jalalpor, workers — Brother and 
Sister I. S. Long. 

9. For Vyara, workers — Brother and 
Sister Ross. 

10. For Brother and Sister Adam 
Ebey and the new arrivals and Sister 

11. For the native church and all the 
native workers. 


1. For our schools and colleges — That 
their teachers may be led of God and 
that the young people of the schools may 
be directed to a life of service for the 

2. That the Bible and mission study 
departments may be the means of pre- 
paring young men and women to give 
their lives to God and make them es- 
pecially desirous to carry the Gospel to 


1. For China. — That the revival wave 
may sweep over the entire empire. 

2. For the government and the officials 
and rulers. 

3. For our workers there — Sister 
Horning, Brother and Sister Hilton, 
Bro. and Sister Crumpacker. That they 
may be blessed with power to acquire 
the language, and tho they speak not 
may their lives be witnessing Christ. And 

that they may be guided by the Spirit in 
finding the location for the Brethren mis- 
sion in China. And that God will pre- 
pare the hearts of the people for the 
Gospel. — That the educational reforms 
may be continued, that the opium pro- 
hibition measures, and the agitation in 
the foot-binding vice may work to save 
the people from ruin. 


1. For the Brethren work in Cuba, and 
the workers. 

2. For the European church — Den- 
mark, Sweden, Switzerland, and for all 
of the native church and the pastors and 

3. For Asia Minor, with the perplex- 
ing questions that are before the church, 
that they may grow as unto God. 


A day for confession and praise and 


1. For victories over temptations. 

2. For answers to prayers and other 
personal blessings. 

3. For what God is doing daily in the 

4. For the growth of spirituality in 
our individual lives. 

5. Confession for sins of neglect — es- 
pecially for not having regular daily 
prayers and Bible reading. 

6. Confession for my coldness towards 
the activities of the church — such as 
church attendance, prayer meeting at- 
tendance, giving and going. 

7. Pray that today the Lord may 
thrust forth laborers into His ripe har- 
vest fields. 

Personal thought. — Has my life en-l 
joyed the blessings of God more this 
week than any before? 


A GREEK woman employed in the American Hospital in Cesarea, Turkey, 
^* was stirred by a revival. She straightway asked leave to visit a woman 
whom she had injured and to whom she had not spoken for ten years. When she 
trudged through the snow three or four miles to ask her " enemy's " forgive- 
ness, her relatives were sure she had gone daft. But the next day, when she 
came back to the hospital, she said, " We made peace, and the stone in my 
heart is gone." 


The Missionary Visitor 



Geo. W. Hilton 

TODAY I went with a missionary 
friend into the famine district. It 
was my first trip taken in real mission- 
ary work. Mr. Smith and myself, with 
a native Christian from the city, left 
here at nine-thirty Sunday morning for 
the famine district. Our destination was 
a small village about three miles from the 
city, with a population of perhaps two 
hundred people. 

In this village is the humble home of 
a Christian. At his house Mr. Smith was 
to hold a service, and kindly asked me to 
accompany him. We made the trip on 
foot, and even before we left the city we 
saw the marks of the dreadful famine 
that is upon the land. Famine-stricken 
men and women were to be seen every- 
where. As we left the city's gates and 
passed along the river bank, through the 
fields, we met many famine sufferers. As 
we entered the village a great mob of 
them came running towards us, and in 
a few moments we were the central fig- 
ures in a crowd of forty or fifty men 
and boys, who followed us to the home 
of the Christian, where the service was 
to be held. He himself came down the 
street to meet us. After shaking hands 
with us after the Chinese style (which, 
by the way, is to shake your own hands) 
we were invited into his humble home. 
It was but a small courtyard, surrounded 
on all sides by Chinese houses in which 
a number of families lived. At the end 
of the court lived our friend, and we 
were soon drinking tea with him, while 

forty pairs of eyes watched every move 
we made. 

As I looked about the room I thought, 
surely there is no FAMINE here. 
There was a large bin made of straw 
matting, containing perhaps twenty 
bushels of rice. Another contained as 
much millet. Six or seven large stone 
jars contained about four bushels of 
beans or peas each. Then I remembered 
that I had been told that the year had 
been a very prosperous one, and that the 
harvest had been plentiful. Why speak 
of famine here? 

But listen. Mr. Smith starts a Chinese 
hymn, one that has touched many a hard 
heart at home (" Yes, Jesus Loves 
Me"). In a moment you know what 
this famine is in the midst of plenty. 
Men and women here are starving for 
the Bread of Life. How they drank in 
those words ("YES, JESUS LOVES 
ME "), and it was made personal as this 
love was explained to them. It made 
their hearts beat faster, their faces took 
on a new expression, and after the first 
verse several caught the refrain and were 
trying to help with the chorus, " YES, 
BIBLE TELLS ME SO." The native 
Christian who went with us then led in 
prayer, after which Mr. Smith spoke, fol- 
lowed by the native Christian and our 
friends in whose home we were. Then 
another old gentleman, who had come 
in unobserved, came forward and sang 
a hymn and explained it to them. At 


The Missionary Visitor 


one time there were sixty of these hungry 
souls listening, although the room was 
only about sixteen by twenty feet, with 
a kang in one corner on which sat a num- 
ber of women and children. Almost 
one-half of the remaining space was tak- 
en up with the winter's supply of grain ; 
yet for two hours or more this hungry 
crowd stood in this little place, listening 
eagerly while the Bread of Life was 
broken to them. After another song, 
and a prayer that God through the Holy 
Spirit would make His message under- 
stood, Mr. Smith gave out a number of 
tracts which were eagerly taken by all. 
Then, bidding them good-bye, and listen- 
ing to their pressing invitations to come 
again, we went away. My heart was 
sorrowful at the sad condition of these 
famine sufferers. I determined anew to 
master this language that I might be able 
to bring relief to some of them. 

You ask how extensive is this famine ? 
Well, in the vicinity of this city there 
are over seven hundred of these villages, 
and but eight or ten have any work done 
in them. Workers are too scarce. In 
the districts that we expect to visit, as 
the probable location of the new mission, 
this same condition exists. The larger 
part of it has never had any work in it 
at all. Here are two large cities, four 
smaller ones, and hundreds of market 
towns and villages. Here thousands are 
starving for that alone which can give 
life eternal. ("And this is life eternal, 
that they should know thee, the only true 
God, and him whom thou didst send, even 
Jesus Christ.") 

And again Jesus says, " He that be- 
lieveth on the Son hath eternal life; but 
he that obeyeth not the Son shall not see 
life, but the wrath of God abideth on 
him." Listen to the words of the great 
missionary, Paul. Rom. 10: 14-15: 
" How then shall they call upon Hm in 
whom they have not believed? And 
HOW shall they hear without a preach- 
er? And HOW shall they preach except 
they be sent ? " 

Brethren, during the great famine in 
India the church came to the front with 

means to relieve the suffering. And 
again, during the flood and famine in 
China a few years ago, they again re- 
sponded to the call of the needy. The 
physical needs of these people appealed 
to the best that was in us and the purse 
strings of the church were opened. These 
physical famines mean the loss of life 
NOW, but the great famine that I have 
told you about means the loss of life 
eternal, and the King's business requires 
haste. Will you not open your purses 
now to this greater need? Will you not 
send us more young men and women 
with iron in their blood to prepare to al- 
leviate this famine condition? 

Read the note on page 515 of the De- 
cember Visitor for confirmation of my 
statement. There we are told that three 
evangelists in western China sold over 
1,300 Gospels and tracts in a short time, 
so eager are these people for the Bread 
of Life. Oh, if the church could see 
heathenism as we see it here, there would 
a great cry, " OUT WITH THE LIFE- 
BOAT and save them today." I know 
there are those who will ask, " Why send 
more missionaries to China? Haven't 
we five there N at present? What do they 
ask of the church anyway?" I answer, 
in the words of Andrew, Simon Peter's 
brother, at the feeding of the five thou- 
sand : " There is a lad here who hath 
five barlev loaves and two fishes, BUT 
MANY ? " I say again, what are five 
among so many? Tai Yuan Fu has a 
dozen or more workers, but they have 
their hands full in the city, and they have 
not reached ten out of seven hundred of 
these villages effectively, to say nothing 
of the thousands in the city yet un- 

Brethren, as the loaves were multi- 
plied to meet the need of their day, so 
must the workers here be multiplied, if 
China is to be taken for Christ. The 
same Macedonian call that the Apostle 
Paul heard we waft to you over the 
great Pacific. Come over and help us. 
If you can't come yourself, give of your 
abundance to send a substitute. What- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ever you do, pray for laborers to be sent 
forth. " Say not it is yet four months 
till the harvest. But lift up your eyes and 
look on the fields ALREADY ripe unto 
the harvest." The famine of workers 
is grievous. A million a month are dy- 

ing without the Word of Life. They go 
to Christless graves, without hope and 
without God. Again I say, the King's 
business requires haste. 

Tai Yuen Fu, Shansi, China. 



Emma Horning 

VXfOMEN in the court of China have 
* * often held very conspicuous 
places. Ofttimes she has held the fate 
of the nation in her hands, but alas ! how 
seldom she used it for the good of her 

About eleven hundred years before 
Christ lived the Emperor Chan Hsin. 
He was extravagant, cruel and dissi- 
pated. His favorite concubine was as 
infamous as he, and urged him to all 
kinds of cruel tortures on condemned 
prisoners for her pleasure. He built a 
great and costly palace, known as the 
" Stag Tower," for her amusement. The 
following is an instance of her cruelty: 

They noticed that, in crossing a stream 
the young men seemed to mind the cold 
more than the older ones. In an argu- 
ment as to the cause she said the young 
ones had more marrow in their bones 
than the old ones had. He disputed her 
idea and to decide he ordered that a 
number of both young and old should be 
seized and their legs broken and ex- 

On account of his cruelty and misrule 
a prince in another state raised an army 
and defeated the Emperor. He fled to 
the " Stag Tower," arrayed himself in 
his royal robes and set fire to the palace 
and burned to death. His favorite was 
seized and executed. The hatred of her 
memory is so great that she is referred 
to as the " She Wolf." 

Emporer Yu was another depraved 
ruler who became so influenced by a fa- 
mous beauty that he put away the Em- 

press and disinherited his own son as 
heir-apparent in favor of her. Nature is 
said to have shown her disapproval by an 
eclipse of the sun Aug. 29, 775 B. C. By 
her numerous acts of folly she caused the 
downfall of the Emperor. She seldom 
manifested her pleasure at anything, so, 
to make a smile come to her face, he 
planned the following: The custom was 
that when the empire was in danger 
great fires were built on all the hills as 
signals. Then all swiftly came to his 
aid. The Emperor now caused all these 
beacons to be lighted. Then with all 
speed hastened the nobles and chiefs with 
their armies to the capital to find there 
was no danger. All their trouble was 
for the pleasure of the Emperor's proud 

But some time after this the enemy 
did come, the beacons were lighted, but 
they would not come, fearing another 
false alarm. The Emperor was killed, 
the capital plundered and she was taken 
captive and soon after strangled her- 

About one hundred years after the 
time of Christ, when the Tartars were 
giving the Chinese a great deal of trou- 
ble, the Emperor sent a brave general 
against them to drive them back. Dur- 
ing the campaign the mother and wife 
of the general both fell into the hands 
of the enemy, and when the two hostile 
armies were drawn up for battle the 
Tartars placed both of the women in full 
view of the armies and declared that un- 
less the Chinese would surrender, they 


The Missionary Visitor 


would murder them before their eyes. 
The general was confronted with the 
trying ordeal of either being disloyal to 
the Emperor or of grossly violating the 
principle of filial piety. At the earnest 
request of his mother, he, after a severe 
mental struggle, decided to sacrifice her 
and his wife for the good of his country. 
The women were slaughtered immedi- 
ately. The sight so infuriated the Chi- 
nese that they made a desperate on- 
slaught and completely routed the enemy. 
The fact that he caused the death of his 
own mother so preyed upon the general's 
mind that he soon died of grief and re- 

The late Empress Dowager was- the 
most noted and powerful of any Chinese 
women. She rose from a slave girl to 
her noted position. By keeping child 
emperors on the throne most of the time 
she managed to keep the government in 
her own hands for half a century. The, 
late Emperor was completely under her 
control. If he did not do what she 
thought was best for the government he 
was put in confinement and .she took 
charge of all affairs. Before 1900, when 
the European nations were attempting to 
divide China up among themselves, the 
Chinese feared that their nation was near 
an end. The Emperor was easily in- 
fluenced and was beginning to make some 
radical reforms. Seeing how the nation 
was drifting toward destruction and 
knowing how eager the foreigners were 
to possess their territory, she became des- 
perate and turned anti-foreign. Her 
guards seized the Emperor and she made 
him sign his own sentence of retirement 
and assumed the regency herself. When 
the Boxers began their terrible work she 
did nothing to prevent them, feeling that 
the foreigners were their greatest en- 
emies and the country ought to be rid of 
them. But when she saw that" she had 
taken the wrong plan and that there was 
no way of getting rid of the dreaded for- 
eigners she began to make the best of it, 
by preparing her people to cope with the 
Western nations. The last five years 
show that her efforts have not been in 

vain and that the sleeping giant is just 
beginning to open his eyes, and that 
China will soon be able to take her place 
among the progressive nations of the 

Tai Yuen Fn, Shansi, China. 


Lord, I come to Thee in prayer once 


But pardon that I do not kneel before 

Thy gracious presence — for my knees are 

With too much walking. In my chair in- 

I'll sit at ease, and humbly bow my head. 

I've labored in Thy vineyard, Thou dost 

I've sold ten tickets to the minstrel show. 
I've called on fifteen strangers in our town, 
Their contributions to our church put down. 
I've baked a pot of beans for Wednesday's 

An " Old Time Supper " it is going to be. 
I've dressed three dolls for our annual 

And made a cake which we will raffle there. 

Now, with Thy boundless wisdom so sub- 

Thou knowest that these duties all take 

1 have no time to fight my spirit's foes, 

I have no time to mend ray husband's 

My children roam the streets from morn 

till night, 
I have no time to teach them to do right, 
But Thou, O Lord, considering my cares, 
Will count them righteousness, and heed 

my prayers. 

Bless the bean supper and the minstrel 

And put it in the hearts of all to go. 
Induce all visitors to patronize 
The men who in our program advertise, 
Because I've chased those merchants till 

they hid 
Whene'er they saw me coming — yes, they 


Increase the contributions to our fair, 
And bless the people who assemble there. 
Bless Thou the grab-bag and the gipsy tent, 
The flower table and the cake that's sent. 
May our whist club be to Thy service blest, 
The dancing party gayer than the rest. 
And when Thou hast bestowed these bless- 
ings — then 
We pray that Thou wilt bless our souls. 

— San Francisco Star. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Anklesvar, India, Feb. 19, 1909. 
Dear Bro. Royer: 

Last evening was the love feast at 
Amletha. Bro. Lichtys were there, and 
perhaps some others of the missionaries, 
and there must have been a goodly num- 
ber of the brethren and sisters who live 

Day before yesterday a letter came 
asking all who could to come to the love 
feast. Of course we felt at once that we 
would be so glad to go. 

Bro. Stover is several miles away from 
home, spending some time among the 
people in a village where several have 
lately been baptized. Several of the na- 
tive brethren are with him there, so it 
leaves our number here rather small. In 
his absence, I cannot well leave home, 
so we talked it over together, and asked, 
can anyone go? All shared the same 
feeling that it would surely be good to 
be there ; but there were hindrances, not 
the least one being the expense of the 
railway journey. Now the cost for go- 
ing and coming is not more than a rupee, 
only about thirty-three cents. That does 
not seem so much, but to many it repre- 
sents about one-tenth of a month's in- 
come for their whole family. And so no 
one went from here. 

In the evening we had our usual mid- 
week prayer meeting. There were only 
nine of us present, besides several little 
children. Two or three others might 
have been there, but they busied them- 
selves elsewhere. 

The brother who led the meeting read 
to us after the opening hymns and pray- 

er, Heb. 11 : 32-40 and spoke so earnest- 
ly upon the subject of " Suffering for 
Christ." He is one who came to us in 
famine time and found food and a home. 

As he spoke, I was carried away in 
thought to an evening about nine years 
ago in Bulsar. 

YVe had met for worship in a tempo- 
rary building which stood near to where 
the " Waterloo Building " now stands, 
and which was long ago removed, and 
the materials used in more permanent 
buildings. There were posts in the cen- 
ter, and the roof sloped at the sides al- 
most to the ground. 

The sermon had been preached and 
the invitation given for all to rise who 
wished to accept Christ as their Savior. 
A number rose, and waited while this boy 
rose slowly and held to one of these 
posts for support while he stood. After 
the meeting we said to each other, " How 
glad we are that he is coming now, for, 
poor boy, he is old enough to understand 
the message, and we fear he has not 
many days to live." 

He received baptism with a number of 
others. This was truly the beginning 
of a new life, not the spiritual only, but 
the physical too. Day by day, we re- 
joiced to see him grow stronger, his form 
tall and manly, his face beaming with the 
joy he feels. 

As my thoughts flew over these few 
years in much less time than it takes to 
tell it, and I realized that this is the 
same young man who rose to confess 
Christ that night, a rush of joyful feel- 
ing came over me, the kind one does not 
often have, and that does one good. 

There were rough places in his way, 
but now as I hear his voice earnestly 


The Missionary Visitor 


telling us what Christ suffered for us, 
what the disciples in their turn endured, 
and urging us to be strong and ready, 
and not to think it strange if the time of 
trial come to us, — as I sit and listen to 
the message, my mind is not impressed 
with the roughness of the way over which 
we "nave come. 

Have you ever climbed a steep moun- 
tain path, with loose stones on which you 
stumbled and slipped at almost every 
step? But when you came to an open- 
ing among the trees and saw a beauti- 
ful landscape spread out before you, you 
did not spoil the joy of the scene by re- 
membering the toilsome way. Nor will 
I. God bless the young men and women 
in our India church who will be the 
preachers and teachers to teach those yet 
in darkness. Let us praise Him for what 
He has wrought, and expect great things 
in the future. 

But my thoughts were called to the 
present by being asked to read James 1 : 
12. Other texts were given to others to 
read, all bearing on the subject, until 
ten or more had been read. 

At the close, three were asked to lead 
in prayer in turn, then together we re- 
peated the Lord's Prayer, sang a closing 
hymn and were dismissed. 

You know one person who went away 
much strengthened and blessed, and I am 
glad to tell you there were others. How 
often we realize God's nearness in the 
little meeting, the heart-to-heart talk, the 
communion with Him alone! Dis- 
couraging and vexing problems face us, 
but at unexpected turnings in the way, 
He meets us with His comforting assur- 
ance, and troubles fly away even as 
clouds before the sun. 

This morning when we met for the 
Scripture study, one of the sisters said, 
" I heard you had such a good meeting 
last night. I am sorry I was not there. 
When my husband came home and told 
me, I felt like Thomas must have felt 
that time he was absent from the meet- 
ing when the Lord came. I could have 
come, if I had just managed my work 
right." She may well regret having 
missed such a good time. 

The thought had come to me to sug- 
gest omitting the prayer meeting since 
so many are away, but I was glad that 
we had not done that, but on the other 
hand had remembered and proved the 
promise, " Where two or three are gath- 
ered . . . there am I in the midst of 
them." From 

Mary Stover. 


Emma Horner Eby 

OPRINGTIME is fast approaching, 
^ and while the cool season is on it is 
the best time for the evangelistic mission- 
ary to work out in the district. 

We find it best where the work is so 
new for some one to remain close home 
to care for the grain that has already be- 
gun to ripen, and this work naturally 
falls to the missionary's wife, so I shall 
tell you what is being done about home 
and Bro. Eby may find time later to tell 
you about the touring in which he has 
been engaged almost constantly since 
Christmas, getting home occasionally to 
give the work here a lift and lay in a 

supply of food and clean clothing for an- 
other trip. These times are looked for- 
ward to with a great deal of pleasure by 
our two little boys and me, though we 
seldom know when to look for his home 
coming, there being no way of communi- 
cation between here and the jungle. At 
such times it is understood that no news 
is good news and we are happy alone in 
the work of each day. 

Since the new year began two young 
men of this place and a husband and 
wife of a village about two miles away 
have been baptized, and though they are 
facing persecution, and temptation every 


The Missionary Visitor 


day they are all fighting their battles 
faithfully and we are all praying that 
they may have victory in the Lord Je- 
sus. One of these young brethren is soon 
to become the assistant master in the pub- 
lic schools of Jhagadia, the head master 
being a Brahman. Devalio, who was a 
Bhil boy, has risen to this position above 
his classmates, who are nearly all Brah- 
mans, a circumstance quite unusual in 
this country. The other young brother 
is not so well educated, but his steady, 
loving disposition makes him very influ- 
ential among his fellows. His mother 
has expressed her desire to become a 
Christian, but the father stands opposed 
at yet. Brethren, pray for these new 
converts that their daily walk may be 
such that many others may be led to 
Christ through their influence. 

Recently we have introduced industrial 

work in our little girls' school, and it is 
quite a delight to them to learn to sew, 
an industry that even their mothers do 
not know. 

Our Sunday schools are doing nice- 
ly. The attendance is good and the in- 
terest greatly increasing. We could use 
a good many more Sunday-school picture 
cards to good advantage. Perhaps some 
one will find it convenient to send us 
some. They will be thankfully received. 

Bro. and Sister Blough and also Bro. 
Lellu Jallem of Bulsar spent a couple of 
days with us recently. We enjoy these 
seasons of spiritual fellowship together 
and are now looking forward to our 
coming district meeting, when we hope 
all of us may meet together. 

Brethren and sisters, we solicit your 
prayers in behalf of the work in India. 
Yours in Jesus. 



W. B. Stover 

"D UPA Bugwan has been in to see me 
■^ again. I am interested in his ten 
commandments, and so, after pleasant 
conversation, I asked him to tell me 
again what they were, and be sure he 
was doing it right this time. He said : 

" Thou shalt not drink liquor. 

" Thou shalt not eat meat. 

" Thou shalt not take any life. 

" Thou shalt not spit into water. 

" Thou shalt not get angry. 

" Thou shalt not commit adultery. 

" Thou shalt not steal. 

" Thou shalt not lie. 

" Thou shalt not covet. 

P Thou shalt always obey the Guru." 

When I asked him more particularly 

about the last one, he said that the Guru 
was the Lord. But our Christians say 
that he is just telling me this because he 
knows it will please me, that he knows 
and they know and I know he is himself 
the guru referred to. I am strongly in- 
clined to think so, even if he does say 
no. And I feel that his revision is the 
more likely to be his ten commandments 
in fact than what he told me a couple 
weeks ago. Anyhow, he is a most in- 
teresting character, and I am praying 
that in some way he may be brought into 
the True Light that shineth into the dark- 
ness, and lighteneth all the world that 
will accept the Light. 
August 20, ipo8. 


The Missionary Visitor 



A. W. Ross 

T NDIA, the land of gods ! In the city, 
•*■ in the jungle, no matter where we go 
we see them most plentifully. Some are 
of silver, some of gold, some of stone, 
some of wood, and still some more of 
clay. Some are the images of animals, 
some are to represent the lower natures 
of man, some are pictures of great men 
of ancient times. Even the silver rupees 
which come from the bazaar have been 
worshiped. India religious, and yet so 
sinful ! 

The farmer must lie in the field day 
and night to watch his ripening grain. 
Just last evening a friend told me that 
even tho he watched his grain most care- 
fully some of it disappeared to hands un- 
known. Many a man will carry out his 
religious rites to the minutest detail, and 
after he is done go and cheat his neigh- 
bor. But do we need to come to India to 
see such as that ? Perhaps you can recall 
some whom a stranger, upon seeing them 
sing the great hymns of praise and their 
earnest exhortation, would think most 
ready for the great world beyond, but 
who would the very next day be working 
some unrighteous scheme for his own 

Now for some time we have turned 
our whole attention and energy on the 
common people of the villages, and we 
have every reason to be much en- 
couraged. Because of stirred-up condi- 
tions in India at the time, the high caste 
people in town became much incensed 
and it seemed best to leave them alone 
for a while at least. In Christ's time the 
common people heard Him gladly, and so 
we find it today. 

Several miles distant to the south, in 
the Dang forests, is a splendid place for 
a farming community. During famine 
time many people died, while some left 
the place; but now there is much talk 
about the place and the likelihood that 
before long there will be a prosperous 

people there again. It is on the bank 
of a river and the soil is most excellent. 
The government has given us a large va- 
cant house there which in time will be j 
very useful to the work. Dec. 20 one of 
our workers, Nathabhai, moved to this 
place and has been doing well. 

A few days ago I went to see them; 
in their new work and to visit the villages ; 
beyond. At Kalibel we had a most splen-i 
did reception and a good meeting that 
night with the people. Before when I 
was there the Patel's son asked- me fori 
a teacher, but this time he was long and 
earnest in his requests and before going 
away begged for Nathabhai to come and 
teach him. His last words were that we": 
should not forget to send him a teacher 
— a most 'splendid opportunity for the 
wide-awake Christian worker. 

But it is far interior and conditions are, 
hard. He must not only be willing to 
go into the jungle and live with a sim- 
ple people, but he must be tactful, able 
to gain and win men. They are very 
religious and superstitious, and the teach- 
er must tactfully lead them to the place 
where they will break with their gods, 
and turn to the one true God. Once he 
gains their full confidence, and he for 
filthy lucre's sake does not betray that 
trust ; he will be able to lead them in the 
paths of righteousness. 

We were in need of some grain ioi 
some needy people and thought we could 
surely get it from the Patel. Plenty of 
it, true, and there was no trouble about 
price, but he would not sell a bit of it. 
He said, " Come three or four days later 
and I will sell you some, but today can- 
not give you any lest the gods be angry 
with us." Why all this? It is simply a 
superstition that they have that none of 
their grain must be sold till all has been 
thrashed out at that place. Then they 
do puja, — worship, — by the help of the 
Brahmin who never fails to be on hand 


The Missionary Visitor 


at the proper time, give the latter his 
part, then pay off the laborers, those who 
have helped them thrash the grain, and 
what is left they carry to the house and 
store in large jars or bins made of 
bamboo mats. 

With this Patel is a young man who is 
working for him for his food and clothes 
to the amount of RS. 1-8 per year, or 
in our figures it would amount to about 
seventy-five cents' worth of food per 
month, and clothes to the amount of 
fifty cents for the year, in all for the 
twelve months costing the Patel nine to 
twelve dollars. Pretty cheap labor you 
would think. Pretty hard way of get- 
ting on in this world I would think. 
Not many of us would want to try it for 
a very long time at that rate. But that 
is the way thousands of people in India 
get through this world. 

From time to time we have it im- 
pressed upon us how very careful we 
must be in our daily life, lest we become 
a stumbling block to the very people 
whom we have come to help. The other 
day a number of people were assembled 
in front of the master's house and dur- 
ing their conversation he referred to the 
rings which one of the men was wearing 
above his elbow. Immediately he began 
to protest, saying that the sahib wears 
them on his arm and why could he not 
do the same? Last evening, when 
Nathabhai told me about it I could not 
help but take a little laugh over it, and 
at the same time could easily see how my 
coil-spring sleeve holders were taken by 
these poor ignorant people for jewelry, 
and of course a stumbling block to them. 
To be sure I shall not wear that kind 
any more. Only a sleeve holder, and yet 
a stumbling block ! I wonder how about 
some of the gold watches, pins, and fancy 
articles that some of our people do insist 
on wearing? How can leaders approach 
their followers on the subject of wearing 
jewelry, costly array, etc., when they 
themselves are using the thing which 
becomes a stumbling block to the weak- 
er? It is a question for us all to think 
about and ponder well. 

I fear that much of the trouble in the 
church today with Madam Fashion is due 
to a large extent to those in the front 
in other matters setting the example for 
the younger and weaker to follow. A 
new cut of garment is adopted by some 
of the younger, and pretty soon we see 
the older ones adopting the same thing; 
then the younger feel that they would 
like to be different from the older, so 
adopt a still more objectionable cut, and 
so it goes. Oh, the power of an ex- 
ample ! We need more of the spirit of 
a Paul, yes of the Christ. 

Vyara, Snvat, India, Jan. 29. 


Firm as yonder mount appearing 

So stand we, the " Helping Hands." 

Glorious news of Jesus bearing 
To those in benighted lands. 

Let us hasten 
With God's help we'll loose their bands. 

To the world we show our banner, 

Is it not a glorious sight? 
As the nations grope in darkness 

May we lead them to the light. 
Trusting in Him 

We march forward to the fight. 

Yes, we will fling out our banner, 
Float it o'er seas dark and wide. 

Show our glory in His cross, 
Our one hope — the Crucified. 

Praying that all 
May believe on Him who died. 

Captive one, has the night been long? 

Have we so unfaithful proved; 
And in God's holy sight done wrong 

As we heard thy sighs unmoved? 
Oh, ye nations, 

Thou art by our God beloved. 

Christian friends, we now address you, 
Speed, speed quickly on your way; 

Hasten to the ones in darkness — 
Tell them of Christ's love today. 

They are waiting; 
Wilt thou go without delay? 

Let us pray and give and labor, 

The Gospel send to every land, 
Till all people of every nation 

On Heaven's side shall safely stand. 

All united 
In praise to God and to the Lamb. 
—Ida M. Blume. 


The Missionary Visitor 



The Difference 


A black-eyed baby lay moaning its 
young life away on the brick bed of 
a dreary mud house in Peking, China. 

The feeble voice, growing weaker and 
weaker, was now and then drowned in 
the sobs and groans of the young moth- 
er, who gazed in despair upon her dying 
child. She longed to press it to her ach- 
ing heart, but she fears that the infant 
may be a demon in human form, and not 
until the child has weathered the perils 
of infancy does she dare give it the 
wealth of her maternal affection. If the 
child yields to some illness, she says, 
" My suspicions are correct ; I see it is 
a demon." Thus as the little one's life 
is ebbing away the mother is afraid of 
her own infant. 

" It is almost time," said the mother- 
in-law, glancing at the slanting sunbeam 
that had stolen into the dismal room 
thru a hole in the paper window, and 
she snatched up the helpless baby with a 
determined air. The mother shrieked, 
" My baby is not dead ! My baby is not 
dead yet ! " 

" But he has only one mouthful of 
breath left," said the old woman ; " the 
cart will soon pass and we shall have to 
keep it in the house all night. There is 
no help for it ; the gods are angry with 


The Tower Has Done Service for Hundreds 
of Tears. 

The mother dared not resist and the 
baby was carried from her sight. She 
never saw it again. 

Shall the infant be buried? Does any 
one go over to the coffin shop to buy a 
little casket for the infant? No, there 
are few infant coffins in the shops of 
Peking, and in the myriad cemeteries of 
China few graves for infants can be 
found. They take a bit of matting and 
a piece of cord, wrap and tie the body 
tip and put it out of the gateway. An old 
black cart drawn by a black cow is heard 
rumbling down the street and as it passes 
by picks up these bundles. Then the 
carter drives thru the city gate to an old 
tower which has stood and done service 
for hundreds of years with the same 
square hole in the side thru which these 
little bundles are thrown. A few arm- 
fuls of wood and a fire underneath con- 
sumes the little bodies. 

No stone will mark the spot of the 


The Missionary Visitor 


loved one; no flower will ever blossom 
on that grave. 

The desolate woman wails, " My baby 
is lost; I can never find it again." 

That black-eyed baby's mother is a 


A blue-eyed baby lay moaning on the 
downy pillow of its dainty crib, and it 
was whispered softly thru the mission, 
" Baby is dying." 

With sorrowing hearts we gathered in 
the stricken home, but the Comforter had 
come before us. 

" Our baby is going home," said the 
mother, and though her voice trembled, 
she smiled bravely and sweetly on the 
little sufferer. 

" We gave her to the Lord when she 
came to us. He has but come for His 
own," said the father reverently, and he 
threw his arms lovingly around his wife. 

As we watched thru our tears the lit- 
tle life slipping away, some one began to 
sing softly, 

Jesus, lover of my soul, 
Let me to thy bosom fly." 

The blue eyes opened for the last time, 
and with one long gaze into the loving 
faces above, closed again and with a 
sweet sigh the dear little one passed thru 
the gate into the heavenly fold. 

" Let us pray," said a low voice. We 
knelt together and heaven came so near 
we could see the white robed ones and 
hear their songs of welcome." 

Baby coffins are rare in Peking, so a 
box was made; we lined it with soft, 
white silk from a Chinese store. We 
dressed the baby in her snowy robes, 
and laid her lovingly in her last resting- 
place. We decked the room with flow- 
ers, and strewed them over the little one. 

The next day we followed the coffin 
to the cemetery. 

With a song of hope, and words of 
cheer and trust, and a prayer of faith, 
we comforted the sorrowing hearts. 

Now a white stone marks the sacred 
spot where we laid her, and flowers blos- 
som on the grave that is visited often 
and tended with loving care. 

" The Lord gave and the Lord hath 
taken away; blessed be the name of the 
Lord," says the baby's father; while 
the baby's mother answers, " Our baby 
is safe; we shall find her and have her 
again some glad day." 

The blue-eyed baby's mother is a 


How can the difference be made great- 
er! Who wants it as great as it is? 
Yet millions of China's little ones thus 
pass into the great beyond. The Chinese 
baby girl has a poor show for life. Here 

is a group of girls thrown away by their 
parents in infancy, and rescued and cared 
for by missionaries. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Grown people even in their misery can 
more or less do for themselves. What 
hopelessness, however, is read on their 
faces even when they live to old age. 
Would it be a happy thot to you if your 
grandfather or grandmother was lean- 
ing on the staff to steady the step just 
prior to the grave and had had no op- 
portunity of hearing of the " One mighty 
to save " ? The Macedonian cry comes 
from the coarse throat of the grown-ups 
all over the land and should spur every 
nerve in Christendom to greatest pos- 
sible action. 

But listen closer ! Hear you the faint 
cry of the babies, — babies a week old, a 
month old, or a few months old, suffer- 
ing on cold floors, in dark rooms, with 
all the odds against them, struggling for 
life? The child cry of innocent suffer- 
ing and misery, the wail of darlings 
whose mother fears to press her child to 
her bosom, — oh, where is there appeal so 

So Old and Yet Never Heard of the One 
Mighty to Save. 

The Children Are Waiting for the Gospel. 

touching, so strong? Where in all the 
world are the words, " Suffer the little 
children to come unto me and forbid 
them not " more needed than in heathen 
lands? Of all those who are waiting for 
the missionaries, the appeal of the chil- 
dren is the strongest. 

In far away northern China are now 
missionaries of the Brethren church 
working hard to take up the evangeliza- 
tion of China's millions. 

Reader, what have you done, or are 
you doing for them? 

You can earnestly pray for them. 

You can contribute to the mission in 


The Missionary Visitor 


Editorial Comment 


C " And all that believed had all things 
common; and sold their possessions and 
goods, and parted them to all as every 
man had need . . . Then Peter said, 
Silver and gold have I none." Acts 2: 
44, 45; 3: 6. 

C Here is a glimpse of Peter's charac- 
ter perhaps noticed by few. Tho the 
first and immediate influence of the Spir- 
it upon the hearts of the early church was 
to sell their goods and place the pro- 
ceeds into a common treasury, the move 
did not in any way enrich the apostles. 
Penniless Peter went to the temple the 
day he saw the lame man waiting alms. 

C But this is the important lesson of 
this scripture. Every student of the 
Word catches a glimpse of the kind of 
man to whom God is willing to entrust 
power. Peter was not without his faults 
and weaknesses ; but in the long list that 
might be counted up against him he 
was never guilty of using his holy calling 
in any way for self-advantage. Tho he 
was the leader of the apostles, he was 
penniless. Tho the church had a com- 
mon treasury and Peter was the leader 
of the church, he took not to himself one 
privilege, one benefit, that was not ac- 
corded to every other member. 

C Paul was a like character. No one 
who is at all familiar with his life work 
will say that he lived in luxury and ease. 
Bufferings, shipwrecks, hunger, false 
brethren, stonings, whippings, and the 
like were his experience. And when the 
cause would be injured by " living by 
the gospel " he did not have a handsome 
income to fall back upon, but returned to 
his trade for a time to make a living. 

C Into such men as these the Spirit of 
the Lord can come with might and pow- 
er. God can trust them for He knows 
they will not prove to be a Simon 
Magus, but rather a Peter who could 
say, " Thy money perish with thee." 

C In this connection it should be stated 
that God is not slow to bestow power 
upon His children even today. He is 
anxious to give them the fullness of the 
Spirit. But where, oh, where, can He 
find the men who themselves can truth- 
fully say, " ' Silver and gold have I none/ 
tho I have had abundant chances of se- 
curing it " ? 

C On the contrary, there are instances 
where the holy calling of the Lord has 
been used for commercial gain. Every 
minister and missionary is tempted at 
this point. For the world, seeing the ad- 
vantage, seeks to secure his influence 
" thru a special rate " in order to gain 
prestige with the flock. This is bad 
enough — so un-Peter like. But when 
ministers go further and deliberately ad- 
vertise and use their positions to advance 
their own personal interests or increase 
their own financial gains, in ways grow- 
ing more common every day, then are 
they making the high calling of the sa- 
cred desk a hissing and a byword in the 
world. They may have the semblance of 
power. It cannot be real or lasting, lor 
God is not in such work. 

C The missionary on the field as well as 
the minister in the homeland can well 
afford to guard his conduct carefully 
along this line of living; for in one act 
or move a whole life of usefulness may 
be thwarted. 


The Missionary Visitor 


C Which ? " In the name of Jesus 
Christ, rise up and walk " and be penni- 
less ? or impotent, fruitless, with " sil- 
ver and gold " and ease and independ- 
ence? It is not needful to pray for 
power to raise the dead in tresspasses 
and sins; simply take such a position to 
things earthly that God can trust one with 
power, and it will come. It must; for 
He has promised it. 

C Perhaps you have no right to believe 
in missions ; for he who believes in mis- 
sions believes in the Christ that founded 
them ; and it must follow that those who 
do not believe in missions do not believe 
in Jesus Christ to the extent of a sav- 
ing faith. 

C No stronger endorsement of the 
worth of the series of articles on heathen 
religions written by Bro. Morris and pub- 
lished from time to time in the Visitor 
can be made than to have the one on 
Taoism published in China's Millions, a 
monthly, fresh, bright and crisp in the 
interest of China by the China Inland 
Mission. The society is authority on 
every mission subject in China, and the 
Visitor is gratified to have this endorse- 
ment of Bro. Morris' articles. 

C Missionary life has its lonely hours 
and with them some moments of heart- 
ache. One of the missionaries in India 

writes and says : " Sister and 

baby are at home doing the best they 
can. The nearest Europeans are over 
twenty-five miles distant. I have been 
from home so much, yet my wife does 
not complain even tho she does feel my 
absence keenly. I tell you when I get 
to thinking of the conditions surround- 
ing her and of her faithfulness I just 
praise God with my eyes full of tears." 

C D- J- Lichty and wife sailed from 
Bombay on March 15 and are due to ar- 
rive in New York on April 15. The six 
weeks before Annual Meeting will be 
spent in the East, and after Conference 
they will come West to visit Elder John 
Arnold of Linter, Sister Lichty's father, 
and then go to Waterloo, Iowa, to visit 

Bro. Lichty's people. Their closing weeks 
have been busy ones in labor at the sev- 
eral stations, holding meetings and visit- 
ing and winning souls to Christ. It is 
a joy, too, to know that a number have 
made the good confession. 

C Thru Sister Eliza Miller we learn that 
on March 7 the new church at Bulsar 
was dedicated. While the work has of 
necessity been slow it is a joy to know 
the house is completed and that the Bul- 
sar congregation have a good place in 
which to worship. 

C Bro. W. B. Stover has prepared a 
church manual for use among the 
churches in India. It is patterned after 
one prepared by Eld. H. B. Brumbaugh, 
but giving the book more of a missionary 
setting. It will be published in both 
the Gujerati and Marathi languages. 

C Sister Himmelsbaugh went to India 
as a missionary nurse. She of course 
does not have the language yet, but she 
is getting some characteristic experi- 
ence as an introduction to her services in 
India. In January Sisters Quinter and 
Himmelsbaugh went to visit Ahwa, in 
part because Bro. Pittenger's little child 
was sick. This station is sixty miles from 
the railroad. The journey to Bilimora 
by train was without unusual incident. 
From there they proceeded in a native 
wagon in appearance somewhat like a 
milk wagon in America, only having two 
wheels. The horse was balky and so the 
first half day they covered but six miles 
of the journey. They changed and took 
a team, poor and needing much " per- 
suasion, with rod and tongue." At Bons- 
da they rested comfortably the first night 
and were ready early for a start the next 
morning, but the team came late and 
proved to be oxen when they did arrive. 
Before they started one unruly ox had to 
be unhitched and a substitute put in 
place. This did not better matters, for 
this team in the second attempt ran away, 
upset the garry and in the mixup Sister 
Himmelsbaugh was pinned fast. Out- 
side of small bruises no injury was sus- 
tained by the party, but one of the oxen 


The Missionary Visitor 


had taken to the jungle. Nothing was to 
be done but gather up the scattered load 
and pile it up under a tree and wait 
till a new team was brought. Behind an- 
other team of bullocks they pressed 
steadily on in the journey and at the end 
of the third day reached Ahwa, the home 
of the Pittengers. The child was better. 
While there Bro. Pittenger had an at- 
tack of fever and Sister Himmelsbaugh 
had a chance to use her training to good 
advantage. In speaking of the Dangs 
people Sister Ida says : " My heart burns 
for this sinful land. Such life ! It is 
barely an existence; these cool mornings 
the natives shiver so from the cold that it 
makes one feel as tho he should divide 
his clothing with them. If our people 
could see this sinful country I believe 
they would be ashamed of their excuses 
for not belonging to the band of believ- 
ers in Christ Jesus." 

C Bro. Grant Mahan reports splendid 
progress on their meetinghouse at 
Omaja, Cuba. He is quite busy, for he 
is building a home for himself at the 
same time. The outlook is hopeful. They 
have a good working body of members, 
even if the number is small, and a Sun- 
day school that is interesting and well 

C After a visit to the Dangs with Sister 
Hummelsbaugh, Sister Mary Quinter 
thus writes : " Bro. Pittengers are do- 
ing a good work in their country, but 
there is so much needed and there are so 
many, many people they cannot reach. 
The Christian people at home are appar- 
ently unconcerned for the many, many 
who live out of their reach — indeed do 
they do all they can for those who are 
in their reach? The people who make 
and sell liquor do not forget these peo- 
ple, and the iniquitous business of sell- 
ing rum flourishes finely in the jungles 
as well as everywhere else — that is, if we 
may measure its success by dollars. In 
the jungles of this country, in every vil- 
lage of any size, and in some that are 
not so large, we find a Parsee family 
living. They have left their people and 

their country and gone out into these 
jungle villages, and among a people with 
whom they can have no fellowship and 
association, for what? Not to spread 
their religion. No; for no other people 
can ever become Parsees, however much 
they may desire it ; no, not for any good, 
but only to make and sell " daru," the 
native name for rum. They give these 
poor people the stuff that only makes 
them more miserable than they already 
are, only to take the pice which they 
so much need for food, — for this they 
come and endure jungle life. When will 
the church show as much zeal to save 
their souls as these Parsees show in their 
nefarious business? Oh, how it makes 
one's heart ache to see and to know that 
in the blessed home land there are so 
many who do not care." 

C The next regular meeting of the Gen- 
eral Mission Board will be held in Elgin, 
Illinois, on April 14 and 15. It would be 
very convenient if all business intended 
for this meeting be in the secretary's 
office not later than April 5 so that it 
may be properly prepared for the mem- 
bers of the Board. All important busi- 
ness is reduced to writing and each mem- 
ber given a copy for his own use. This 
is an important session, inasmuch as a 
review of the past year's work is taken 
and the report for publication is passed 

C Bro. Pellet writes from Oyannax, 
France, saying that their Christmas ex- 
ercises were a splendid success. Some 
eighteen young men and women, many 
of whom were raised in the Catholic 
church, took an active part in the pro- 
gram. The place of meeting was small 
for the crowd, but " there was room for 
Jesus, who did not forget to answer the 
invitation to meet " with the earnest as- 
sembly. The members said they had not 
witnessed so large a gathering in worship 
since Protestantism had come to the vil- 
lage, thirty years before. The regular 
school attendance now numbers thirty. 
A call from Nimes, in southern France, 
the " old spot of the Huguenots," must 


The Missionary Visitor 


for this time go unheeded because of the 
work at Oyannax. 

C The auditors appointed by General 
Conference to go over the accounts of 
the General Mission Board and the 
Brethren Publishing House are L. R. 
Peifer, R. R. 2, Springfield, Ohio, R. E. 
Burger, Allerton, Illinois, and A. L. 
Clair, Willard, Wisconsin. Some time 
soon "after April 15 they will meet in 
Elgin, Illinois, and go over the business 
•for the fiscal year ending March 31, 

C One of our beloved missionaries on 
the field whose name rarely appears in 
print has this to say in a private letter: 
" m I wish I could tell you how some of the 
echoes from the home land sound to us 
and how it makes us feel to hear them. 
Some things that seem to take up so 
much time and attention there seem so 
small* to us here. Must there be perse- 
cution and trouble to scatter the church 
.as in the early days in order that she may 
in the regions beyond preach the Word? 
May there come a revival that shall be- 
gin in the church, and whose fire, burn- 
ing out the dross of self-seeking and 
careless ease, shall brighten the gold of 
our faith and love and zeal and send us 
out to carry our blessed evangel to the 
dark places." 

C Last year the District Meeting of 
India decided to observe a self-denial 
week, and at Bulsar this was the first 
week in February. The boys and girls 
cheerfully gave up one meal a day for 
a week; and instead of eating at the 
time of the denial meal, they had some 
good spiritual meetings. The results are 
not alone the rupees which are turned 
into the district treasury, but more ear- 
nest work and better living. 

C The brethren in that large field of the 
Lone Star State are doing their very 
best to evangelize the territory. With 
less than three hundred members all told 
in Texas the Board during the last six 
months had three evangelists, giving all 
the time possible. A. A. Sutter devoted 

26 days, preached 26 times, visited 22 
homes and baptized 12. A. J. Wine de- 
voted 107 days, visited 114 homes, 
preached 39 sermons and baptized 1. N. 
F. Brubaker spent 45 days, preached 36 
sermons and visited 15 homes. The three 
traveled over 4,600 miles at an expense 
of $107.65. The collections amounted to 
$14.60. Many tracts and Gospel Mes- 
sengers were distributed in addition to 
the above. 

C The above report has many encourag- 
ing features connected with it. Why 
would it not be a good plan for every 
State district to publish quarterly or 
semi-annually the effort of the workers? 
It certainly would be inspiration to the 
members who read. 

C The Sunday School Times is author- 
ity for the following very interesting 
statement relative to the greater power 
of missions : " Foreign missions ought to 
have an ever-lessening task to perform; 
and the announced facts of progress 
seem to show that this desirable condi- 
tion is on its way. The increase of na- 
tive converts in foreign fields last year 
was 164,674, or over 450 a day. It took 
about one hundred years previous to 
1896 to win the first million converts. 
The second million were added in twelve 
years, by 1908. They are now being 
added at the rate of a million in six years. 
The increase in church membership in 
the United States last year was one and 
one-half per cent; in the membership of 
American missions abroad it was twelve 
per cent. An average of two members 
for each ordained minister was added in 
the United States; the average was for- 
ty-one members for each ordained Amer- 
ican missionary abroad." 

C The above facts should be encourag- 
ing to every one whose heart is especial- 
ly set on foreign missionary work. It 
has been a well-known fact these many 
years that tho the foreign field received 
only about one-twentieth of the funds, 
her increase of membership was far more 
rapid than the home base. Praise the 
Lord for success on the foreign field, 


The Missionary Visitor 


but what is wrong with the home 
churches ? 

C Occasionally a letter of similar im- 
port to the following comes to the mission 
rooms : 

" If you have any blank forms of deeds 
or wills used in deeding or willing prop- 
erty to the Brethren church please send 
me one of each. If you have not, please 
give me instructions about deeding or 
willing property to the church where the 
property is to be sold after death and the 
proceeds to go for missionary work." 

The Board is glad that members are 
interested in making the mission work 
of the church a beneficiary in dividing 
up their estate. It shows a consecration 
to the Master's kingdom very commend- 

To the questions above the Board must 
answer as follows: 

It has no printed forms for deeds or 
wills, as suggested in the request. Just 
preceding the financial report in the back 
part of this issue is the correct form of 
bequest which should be made the part 
of a will when a member wishes to con- 
vey property to the General Mission 
Board for missionary purposes. The 
reason a form of will is not given entire 
is that different States have different 
laws to be complied with and any one 
willing property should consult some per- 
son informed in his State about the draw- 
ing up of the will. 

Concerning the making of wills Par- 
sons, late professor of law in Harvard 
University, than whom there is none 
other more able to speak, has this to 

" Few persons are aware how very dif- 
ficult it is to make an unobjectionable 
will. There is nothing one can do in 
reference to which it is more certain that 
he needs legal advice, and that of a 
trustworthy kind." 

If the counsel of so eminent an au- 
thority as the above is worth anything, 
thtn seek some trusty attorney in your 
community and have him prepare your 
will. The form referred to above, and 

which appears on page 142 of this issue, 
is to enable him to get the correct word- 
ing of the Board. 

But if wills are so unsatisfactory is 
there not a surer way? Yes, there is a 
still better way in many instances. In the 
care of property, let the owner deed it 
by full warranty deed to the General 
Mission Board, reserving the right to 
occupy the premises, pay all taxes and 
assessments against it and receive all 
incomes during the lifetime of the donor. 
Let this deed go upon record and the 
matter is settled. The member can live 
undisturbed on the property until death. 
After death, the conditions of the deed 
having been complied with, the Board 
takes possession without any process of 
law. It will then proceed to sell the 
property and use the proceeds as directed 
by the donor. 

Should there be any reader of these 
lines that would like further information 
on this or similar points do not hesitate 
to write this office. 

C In his address at the Indian Social 
Conference, held at Madras, as gleaned 
thru an exchange, Mr. Justice Sankaram 
Nair laid his finger on the sore spot of 
Indian life. Caste, and all that it in- 
volves, is a greater hindrance to the 
national ideal than any other obstacle. 
What can be more true than these words ? 
" So long as we are not prepared," he 
says, " to put our ideals into action by 
abolishing early marriages, by permitting 
widow marriage, by imparting education 
to females with the same ardor as to 
males, by discarding caste and substitut- 
ing class divisions based on personal fit- 
ness, by reuniting the so-called racial, but 
really territorial, communities of India — 
the self-reliant nationalization of which 
we now hear so much can only be a mis- 
chievous dream." 

" Old Deacon Horner, 

He sat in the corner, 
As the contribution box passed by; 

Sweetly content 

He dropped in a cent 
And said, 'What a good churchman am I! ' " 


The Missionary Visitor 


Financial Report 


I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Chu-rch of the Breth- 
ren Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in] 

their charter. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within months after my 



I also give, beqeueath, and devise to thi General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board,, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 


If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor, — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as will] 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 





World Wide, $ 587 94 $ 774 88 $16,203 22 

India, 390 S3 

Brooklyn, 87 81 

Miscellaneous, ... 8 70 

216 01 
2 37 
16 50 

3,689 19 
1,986 41 
403 62 


$9,984 16 

3,153 49 

275 17 

545 53 


$6,219 06 
535 70 
1,711 24 


$ 141 91 


$1,074 98 $1,009 76 $22,282 44 $13,958 35 $8,324 09 

785 27 4,647 00 31,180 23 $26,533 23 

$1,860 25 $1,009 76 $26,929 44 $45,138 58 

$18,209 14 

During the month of February the Breth- 
ren's General Mission Board sent out 86,994 
pages of tracts. 

The Brethren's General Mission Board ac- 
knowledges the receipt of the following dona- 
tions for February, 1909: 


Indiana — $149.89. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

David Whitmer, $10; Mr. and Mrs. 
F. D. F. Sheneman, $2; G. L. Rum- 

mel, $1 $ 13 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

North Manchester, $44.50; Flora, 

$18.20; Mexico, $14.60, 77 30 


"A Brother," $6.15; Frank Fisher, 

$1.50; T. J. Downey, $1 8 65 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Middle Fork, $22.69; Pyrmont, 

$11.25 33 94 


Austin Himes, $12; J. W. Hoffert, $5, 17 00 
Pennsylvania— -$1 15.00. 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

'A Brother," $100; Sam'l H. 

Hertzler, $5 105 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

M. O. Myers, $7.50; S. K. Jacobs 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 8 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

Ruth Stayer, 100 

Western District, Individual. 

Wm. N. Bond, 1 00 

North Dakota— $110.50. 

'A Brother and Sister," $100; 
Henry Kile, $5; Eliz. Kile, $3; D. F. 

Landis, $1.50; Jos. D. Reish, $1 110 50 

Virginia — $94.80. 
First District, Congregation. 
Botetourt 76 05 


G. A. Moomaw, $6; John W. Lay- 
man, $4, $ 10 00 

Second District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. Frank Stultz, $3; 
Leota V. Stultz, $2.25; L. D. Caldwell, 
$1;J. L. Zimmerman, $1; Sister Hart- 
man, $1; Mary Smith, 50 cents, 8 75 

Kansas — $74.82. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Ramona, 25 00 

Sunday Schools. 

Meriden, $15.62; McLouth Sunday 

School and Birthday Box, $16, 31 62 


J. F. and Debtre Hantz, $5; J. I. 
Smith, $1; Mrs. A. R. Enos, 50 cents, 6 50 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

Julia A. Frame, 1 20 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

"A Brother," $10; G. W. Weddle 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents 10 50 

Iowa — $70.56. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Ivester, 15 00 


David and Sarah Brallier, $10; 
Daniel A. Miller, $8; N. W. Miller, 
$6; John Rudy, $5; S. Hershey, $3.36; 

W. A. Blough, $3, 35 36 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Mary E. Loudenslager, $7; W. E. 
West, $5; Louisa Lawrence, $1; A M. 
Stfne (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, .. 13 50 
Southern District, Congregation. 

Udell 4 00 


W. G. Caskey, $1.20; " M. K. S.," 
$1; Stanley C. Wenger (Marriage 

Notice), 50 cents, 2 70 

Ohio— $55.07. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Chippewa 4 97 


The Missionary Visitor 



M. W. Printz, $10; Wm. Horner, 
$6; Birdella P. Thompson, $4; Minerva 
Printz, $4; Margarette Lefever, $3.50; 
S. M. Friend (Marriage Notice), 50 
cents; Edward Shepfer (Marriage No- 
tice), 50 cents $ 28 50 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Jos. and Nancy Kaylor, $10; "A 

Brother," $5, 15 00 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Salem 4 90 


J. A. Miller, $1.20; Jesse Stutzman 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents 1 70 

Oregon— -$27.50. 

J. F. McCracken, $25.50; Bro. and 

Sister John Barnhart, $2 27 50 

Illinois — $25.44. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Polo, 5 14 


A. L. Moats, $1.20; Mr. and Mrs. 

Jos. Arnold, $1.10 2 30 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Jesse C. Stoner, $12.50; "A Giver," 

$5; Preston Arnold, 50 cents 18 00 

Washing-ton — $15.40. 

D. B. Eby, $12.40; A. L. and Bertha 
Garrison, $2; Mrs. Lanson Clanin, $1, 15 40 
California— ^8.50. 
Southern District, Individuals. 

Edmund Forney, $3; Elizabeth For- 
ney, $3; Walter and Selma Stephens, 
$1; Levi Minnich (Marriage Notices), 
$1; Geo. F. Chemberlen (Marriage 

Notice), 50 cents, 8 50 

Tennessee — $10.00. 

Effie E. Miller 10 00 

North Carolina — $6.00. 

I. W. Bowman 6 00 

Maryland — $3.75. 

Eastern District, Individuals. 

J. M. Prigel, $1.66; Laura E. Garner, 
$1; Mary A. Royer, $1; John S. 

Bowlus, 9 cents, 3 75 

Idaho — -S2.50. 

John H. Wolfe, $1; O. A. Swab, $1; 
David Betts (Marriage Notice), 50 

cents 2 50 

Missouri — $2.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Luther Rhodes, $1; Mrs. W. M. 

Eckard, $1 2 00 

Alabama— S 1 .20. 

W. B. Woodard 1 20 

Nebraska — $1.00. 

L. D. Bosserman (Marriage No- 
tice), 50 cents; L.- L. Meek (Marriage 

Notice), 50 cents 1 00 

Wisconsin — $0.50. 

F. A. Mvers (Marriage Notice), ... 50 

Canada — $0.45. 

Louisa Shaw, 35 cents; John Bare, 
10 cents, 45 

Total for the month, $ 774 88 

Previously reported 9,209 28 

Total for year so far $9,984 16 


Virginia— $37.25. 

First District, Sunday Schools. 

Antioch, $5.25; Troutville Primary 

and Juvenile Classes, $16 $ 21 25 

Second District, Sunday School. 

Fairfax, 16 00 

Kansas — $33.72. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Navarre 6 00 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

C. T. Ellsaes^er 1 00 

Northwestern Dist., Sunday School. 

Mae Blickenstaff' s Sunday-school 

Class, $ 20 00 

Southwestern District, Sunday School. 

Slate Creek 6 72 

Pennsylvania — $32.00. 
Eastern District, Individual. 

Sarah M. Nyce 5 00 

Southern District, Sunday Schools. 

Huntsdale, $6; "Class in the Cor- 
ner," $9 15 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

"C. X.," 8 00 

Western District, Individuals. 

W. H. Blough and wife, 4 00 

Iowa — $32.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mary S. Newsom 16 00 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Oscar Diehl and wife 16 00 

Ohio — $20.00. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

S. A. Kintner and wife, 20 00 

North Dakota — $16.00. 

Primary Classes of White Rock 

Sunday School, 16 00 

Indiana — $14.50. 

Middle District Aid Society. 

North Manchester (West church), 9 50 

Sunday School. 

J. L. Cunningham's Sunday-school 

Class, 5 00 

Nebraska — $12.96. 
Sunday School. 

Beatrice, 12 96 

Total for the month, $ 198 43 

Previously reported, 1,414 02 

Total for year so *ar $1,612 45 


Indiana — $7.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

White, $ 7 00 

California — $5.58. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Fruitdale : 5 58 

Illinois— $3.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Ada Harnish 3 00 

Canada — $2.00. 

Mrs. Janette Swingle 2 00 

Total for the month $ 17 58 

Previously reported, 724 91 

Total for year so far $ 742 49 

Virginia — $4.50. 

First District, Congregation. 

Botetourt $ 4 50 

California — ^1.00. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Walter and Selma Stephens 1 00 

Michigan — $1.00. 

Martha Bratt 1 00 

Total for the month $ 6 50 

Previously reported 343 57 

Total for the year so far $ 350 07 


Virginia— ^l.OO. 

Second District, Individual. 

M. J. Cline $ 1 00 

Oreg-on — $1.00. 

Mrs. John J. Lewis, 1 00 

Iowa — $0.37. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Barbara Sonafrank 37 

Total for the month $ 2 37 

Previously reported, 272 82 

Total for year $ 275 19 

North Dakota — $10.00. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Cando $ 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 . 

Previously reported, 8 00 

Total for the year, $ 18 00 


Denver, Colo., Feb. 8, 1909. 

Amount of money received by the Church 
of the Brethren toward the building of a 
churchhouse in Denver, Colo., from Jan. 1, 
1909, to Feb. 1, 1909: 

Patience K. Berger, Sterling, 111., $5. A. H. 
Stauffer, Polo, 111., $3. R. C. Bryant, Benson, 
111., $10. John Rohrer, BdIo, 111., $2. J. D. 
Laliman, Franklin Grove, 111., $70. Sonnie F. 
Shelly, Shellytown, Pa., $1. Emma Dierdorff, 
Colorado Springs, Colo., $5. Ezra Burn, Hamp- 
ton, Iowa, $2. C. E. Kirhmel, Sheldon, Iowa, $2. 
Kate Kennedy, Steamboat Rock, Iowa, $25. M. 
R. Pyle, Hampton, Iowa, $5. Christ Yordy, 
Roanoke, 111., $5. Amos Yordy, Roanoke, 111., 
$5. Barbara Gish, Roanoke, 111., $50. Wm. 
Domer, Baltic, Ohio, $5.12. Belle Whitmer, Lan- 
ark, 111., $10. Mrs. Elenora Kerns, Leaf River, 
111., $5. G. H. Preussler, Hancock, Minn,. $2. 
Ella Wiler, $1. Chas. Hauger, Sterling, 111.,, $2. 
Henry McClure, Parkersburg, 111., $1. Col- 
lected by I. Cripe: Marion Miller, 50 cents; 
Andrew Foutz, $1; Eli Foutz, $1. Geo. A. 
Heagley, Frederick, S. Dak., $10. Collected by 
H. E. Beard: Albert Englar, $1; Walter 
Englar, 50 cents; Miss Margaret Englar, $2.50; 
Mrs. Mattie Englar, $1; W'm. Hesson, $1; Ed. 
Lescalleet, $1; Jacob Stoner, 50 cents; Scott 
Garner, 25 cents; Mrs. Jacob, Stoner, $1; 
James Roop, $1; Mrs. C. J. Hull, $1; Harry 
Hull, $1; Walter Snader, $1; Keener Bankert, 
$1; Saml. Bare, 50 cents; H E. Beard, $2; D. 
M. Young, $1; D. J. Roop, $1; Mrs. Irene Bare, 
$1; Minnie Dickensheets, $1; Mrs. D. M. 
Young, $1; J. E. Senseney, $1; Miss Rachel 
Pfoutz, 50 cents; Harry Keefer, 50 cents. 
D. S. Mus^leman, Cedarville, * Cal., $1. Mrs. 
G. E. Whisler, Sterling, 111., $5. J. J. Arnly, 
Beatrice, Nebr., $3. Mary Sherfy, Mt. Ada, 
Kans., $1. Ella Martin, Larned, Kans., $10. 
Franklin Johnson, Kirkpatrick, Ind., $1; Mrs. 
J< H. Hollinger, Washington, D. C, $1. J. H. 
Hauger, Sterling, 111., $10. Mrs. Clara Hines, 
Russell, Kans., $5. Frank Myers, Lanark, 111., 
$5. J. M. and Martha Heckman, Rocky Ford, 
Colo., $5. D. Burger, Prowers, Colo., $5. Mrs. 
Wm. Mohler, Walton, Kans., $1. M. S. Buck- 
man, Conway, Kans., $2. Mary Obrecht, Har- 
lan, Iowa, $5. Wm. R. Thomas, Mt. Morris, 
111., $5. Otto Watson, Mt. Carroll, 111., $10. 
South Waterloo congregation, Waterloo, Iowa, 

Total, $361.77. 

H. F. Caylor, Secretary-Treasurer Building 
and Finance Committee. 

165 S. Clarkson Street, Denver, Colo. 


The Extension acknowledges the following 
contributions to this work during February: 

Ohio. — Jesse Noff singer, Dayton, $1; Mrs. 
J. W. Harnish, Defiance, $12.75; Nina E. 
Byerle, Lima, $8; H. E. Kilmer, Spencer, $5.85; 
Ernest E. Frick, Kent, $1.80; Levi Rinehart, 
Eaton, $7; David Longanecker, Laura, $4.62. 
Total, $41.02. 

Indiana. — J. A. Miller, Gaston, $4; Ama 
Huffman, Mt. Zion, $2; Blanche Yaney, De- 
catur, $9.85; Chas. Heaston, Huntington, $3.25; 
T. D. Butterbaugh, Silver Lake, $4.65. Total, 

Pennsylvania. — Luella Penrod, Ligonier, 
$4.13; D. D. Horner, Jones Mills, $10; Ephraim 
Speicher, Somerset, $1; M. E. Sollenberger, 
Waynesboro, $5. Total, $20.13. 

Iowa. — Ethel E. Crouse, Dallas Center, $10; 
Bertha M. Wise, Dallas Center, 50 cents; H. W. 
Coder, South English, $4.34; Marie L. Jasper, 
Ankeny, $3.45. Total, $18.29. 

Kansas. — D. H. Heckman, Quinter, $16.47; 
F. A. Vaniman, McPherson, $1.50; Mrs. S. J. 
Kestner, Argentine, $1.75; W. C. Winder, 
Waldo, $4.50. Total, $24.22. 

Illinois. — R. C. Stambaugh, Astoria, $1.20; 

R. C. Bryant, Benson, $4.1,6'; J. J. Schogum, 
Fairfield, $3.25. Total, $8.61. 

North Dakota. — Netta Joseph, Denbigh, $8; ' 
H H. Wray, Flaxton, $11; Manerva Lambert, 
Surrey, $6.63. Total, $25.63. 

Missouri. — W. B. Maxwell, Montserrat, $2.15; ; 
Sarah Fike, White Church, $3.55. Total, 

Wisconsin. — Mollie C. Wine, Stanley, $5.05. j 

Minnesota. — C. E. Delp, Hancock, 10 cents; 

Mark, Laudig, Ingalls (State not known), 

Ogden Sunday School, collections, $5.97. 

Interest, $44. 

Rent from student, $6. 

Total amount received, $229.47. 

The following names of children and other ] 
individuals are reported: 


Decatur. — Clara Driver, 75 cents; Edith I 
Yaney, $1.15; Esther Norris, 50 cents; Ida J 
Spade, 35 cents; Mabel Shoaf, 25 cents; Clara 
and Ollie Landis, each 25 cents; Alice Norris, 
50 cents; Alice Stoneburner, 75 cents; Alice 
Yaney, $3; Alma Snyder, 35 cents; Lois Driver, I 
75 cents; Mary Minnich, $1. 


Denbigh. — Roscoe Shatto, $3; Auery and 1 

Lura Dunning, each $1; Dean Renner, $1; 1 
Isaac Dunning, 50 cents; Elza and Elmer 
Leckrone, each 25 cents. Flaxton. — Mabel and 
Cora Miller, each $1.90; Meritt Sparks, $1.50; 
Clarence and Raymond Emerson, each 50 I 
cents; Omer Larson, $1.50; Russel and Cecil | 
Culp, each $1.50; W. H. Wray, 20 cents. 
Surrey. — Ida May Myers, 78 cents; Royer 
Myers, 15 cents; Ralph Myers, 10 cents; Annie 
Frantz, $1.65; Mabel and Fern Crouse, each 
25 cents; Lolo Dierdorff, 10 cents; Ralph 
Frantz, $1; Ivan Frantz, 50 cents; Mark Burns, 
10 cents; Lahman Lambert, $1.75. 


Defiance. — Ruth Whitney, $1; Eve Whitney, 
25 cents; Rolland and Bessie Flory, $1; George 
and Ruth Hornish, each $2; Ina Hornish, $1; 
Elmer Shock, $1; Loy and Arvel Shock, eacl 
50 cents; Bertha Lehman, $1; Bert, Willie and 
Eddie Flory, each 50 cents. 

Chas. W. Elsenbise, Treasurer. 

860 South Clifton Park Avenue. 


Ye call me MASTER, and obey me not; 
Ye call me LIGHT, and see me not; 
Ye call me WAY, and walk not; 
Ye call me LIFE, and desire me not; 
Ye call me WISE, and follow me not; 
Ye call me FAIR, and love me not; 
Ye call me RICH, and ask me not; 
Ye call me ETERNAL, and seek me not; 
Ye call me GRACIOUS, and trust me not; 
Ye call me NOBLE, and serve me not; 
Ye call me MIGHTY, and honor me not; 
Ye call me JUST, and fear me not — 
If I condemn you, blame me not. — Ex. 

Somebody did a golden deed; 
Somebody proved a friend in need; 
Somebody sang a beautiful song; 
Somebody smiled the whole day long; 
Somebody fought a valiant fight; 
Somebody lived to shield the right — 
Was that somebody you? 


Brethren's Tracts and Pamphlets 

In the following list the one page tracts are for free distribution. They are nearly 
all envelope size, very convenient, and intended to arouse interest, in which case 
inquiry will be made for larger tracts. The larger tracts may be had either through 
tract coupons which are given on the basis of ten per cent of any donation sent to 
the General Committee, or as given below. 

Numbers having " E " before them means the tract is published in envelope 
size, Z%x5% inches.. All others are pages SY^xiy 2 inches. " G" following the num- 
ber means the tract is published in the German, " S " in the Swedish and " D " in 
the Danish languages. 

Order by number. 

Prices given herein are by the hundred. Less quantities at the same rate. 


\l E321. 

E302. The Bighthouse. A. W. Vaniman. 
E303. Why Am I Not a Christian? S. W. 

E304. Christian Baptism. B. F. Moomaw. 
- » E305. Trine Argument for Trine Immersion. 
•"• E306. Feet-Washing". J. H. Moore. 
+ E307. lord's Supper. J. H. Moore. 

E308. Close Communion. I. J. Rosenberger. 
•"» E309. Salutation. J. H. Moore. 

E311. Church Entertainments. I. J. Rosen- 
E312. Gold and Costly Array. S. W. 

E313. Christian Giving. I. J. Rosenberger. 
E314. Modern Skepticism. I. J. Rosen- 
E315. Christ and War. D. Vaniman. 
E316. Secret Societies. 

E319. The Old Way of Baptizing". W. B. 

Are You Prepared to Die? James A. 

The Blessings of Divine Association. 
Adaline Beery. 

Difant Baptism. I. Bennett Trout. 
T E323. Helping" Jesus. D. Vaniman. 
: „ 324. Saturday or Sunday, Which? 
„ E325. The Ministry of Sorrow. James A. 
,, Sell. 

, „ E326. The Judgment. S. N. McCann. 
" Stop and Think. D. Vaniman. 
Secret Prayer. 

The Importance of Church Member- 
ship. D. Hays. 
« . E330. Spirituality. 

E331. A Pew Open Questions. Andrew 

This Series 25 Cents Per Hundred. 

270. Atoning Blood of Christ. C. Hope. 

271. Design of Baptism. W. B. Stover. 

272. What Shall I Do With the Com- 
mandments of Jesus? J. E. Miller. 

273. Close Communion Examined. I. J. 

274. Christian Giving. I. J. Rosenberger. 

275. Are Christians Allowed to Swear? 
S. Z. Sharp. 

276. Anointing. L. W. Teeter. 

E277. The Safe Church Doctrine. L. W. 

E278. Standard of Nonconformity. Daniel 

E279. Three links of Oddfellowship. I. J. 

E280. Organization of the Church. B. E. 

E281. How and Whom to Baptize. Daniel 

E282. The Second Coming of Christ. 

E283. The Gospel Door Into the Church. 
E284. Why We Should Speak of Secret 

E285. Secret Societies and the Word of 




This Series 50 Cents Per Hundred, 

101. Why I Dove My Church. W. 

102. Which Is the Biffht Church? b. T. 

103. Come Det Us Reason Together. 
(Tobacco Tract.) D. L. Miller. 

104. Communion. H. C. Early. 

105. The Bible Service of Peet-Washing. 
Landon West. 

E106. The House We Dive In. D. Vaniman. 

107. Origin of Single Immersion. James 

108. Datemperance. Jacob Rife. 
E109. The Dighthouse. A. W. Vaniman. 

110. Vocal and Instrumental Music in 
Worship. I. J. Rosenberger. 
Elll. Plain Dressing. D. L". Miller. 
E112. Prayer Covering*. S. N. McCann. 

113. Christian Salutation. Salome 
(Stoner) Myers. 

114. Modern Skepticism in the Camp. 
I. J. Rosenberger. 

E115. The Dord's Supper. D. L. Miller. 

116. Woman's Work. Sadie Brallier Noff- 

117. Our Standard of Religion: What Is 
It? D. Hays. 

118. Sisters' Prayer Covering. S. Z. 

E119. The Dual Crucifixion. L. W. Teeter. 

41. Christian Baptism. D. C. Moomaw, 
16 pp.. $0.90. 
E 42. The Church of the Brethren. D. L. 
Miller, $0.70. 

43. Church Entertainments. I. J. Rosen- 
berger, 11 pp., $0.70. 

44. Trine Immersion. J. H. Moore, 52 
pp., $2.80. 

45. Path of Life. Daniel Hays, 36 pp., 

46. The Sabbath or Dord's Day. I. J. 
Rosenberger, 28 pp., $1.75. 

47. Perfect Plan of Salvation. J. H. 
Moore, 25 pp., $1.60. 

48. Secret Societies Incompatible with 
Christianity. I. J. Rosenberger, 17 
pp., $1.10. 

49. One Baptism. J. H. Moore, 42 pp., 

E 50. Baptism, — Historical and Exegetical. 
Quincy Leckrone, E. 48 pp., $1.10. 

±$. ,, 

Send all orders to 

;; General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois;; 




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No. 10. Enrollment card outfit: 100 
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cards, 16 Guide cards and card-file box, 
postpaid, $1.20. 

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cards, 24 Guide cards and card-file box, 
postpaid, $1.50. 





Vol. XI 

MAY, 1909 



IMMEDIATELY following the outpouring of the 
Spirit and one of the direct manifestations of His 
infilling was that " all that believed . . . had 
all things common; and they sold their posses- 
sions and goods and parted them to all, according 
as any man had need." The rich sold out, among 
them one Joseph, and laid their money at the Apostles' 
feet. It was a day of rejoicing ; for the poor were fed, the 
lame healed, and thousands in a day were added to the 

The first indication of the waning of the Spirit's power 
is in Ananias and Sapphira. Sad event! 

Offerings unto the Lord have always been a measure 
of the Spirit's power in the hearts of individuals. God 
measures, not by what we give, but by what we have left 
after we have given, and what use we are making of it. 
Dost thou want the offering in thine hand the expres- 
sion of thy love to God, the token of fullness (emptiness) 
of the Spirit's power in thy life? Answer to thy God as 
thou givest. 

The offering at Des Moines last year was $23,594.76. 
What shall it be this year? 


Contents for May, iqoq. 



We Must Educate, By the Editor, 145 

District Meeting in India, By Mrs. Effie V. Long, 146 

The Same Old Story, By W. B. Stover, 148 

Elphanta Cave, Bombay, By S. N. McCann, 151 

Neesima— A Sketch, By I. S. Long, 153 

Jalalpor, Surat, India, By Kathryn Ziegler, ". 156 

The Sunday Schools in India in 1908, By J. B. Emmert, 157 

Opium Refuge Work in Shan-Si, By Geo. W. Hilton, 158 

Training Missionaries, By M. M. Eshelman, 160 

A Suggestive Letter, 160 

The Killing of Caste, 161 

True Giving, By Ida M. Helm, 163 

Meeting of the General Mission Board, April 14, 15, 164 




The Missionary Visitor 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, Illinois. The third Wednesday in April, August 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Virginia. and December. 

L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Indiana. Addre ss al l communications to the 


Washington, D. C. BOARD, 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. Elgin, Illinois. 

Subscription Terms 

Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in EACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in 
reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board, 

Elgin, Illinois, U.S.A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XI 

May, 1909 

Number 5 


Bv the Editor 

1I7HEN Jesus Christ comes to the 
* * soul of any individual a new era of 
life is at once entered upon. New ideals 
spring up, new aspirations stir the breast, 
new possibilities arise before him. This 
is true not only in civilized America, 
but uncivilized heathen lands. 

Preaching the Gospel and converting 
a man is but the beginning of the work 
of God among men. Following it is the 
development of mind and heart along 
such prenatal tendencies as will best use 
both for the greatest welfare of man- 
kind. If our children in America who 
are Christians are better fitted for the 
work of the church thru education, so 
will be the children of the brown, yellow 
or black of the earth when they receive 
Christ. It is a short-sighted policy on 
the part of any mission board to confine 
itself on foreign fields simply to preach- 
ing the Gospel, when in its capacity it 
represents all the functions of the church 
at home. For that same church at home 
maintains schools, and seeks to give 
every member thru well prepared preach- 
ers and teachers a full and rounded out 

That educational work is effectual may 
be seen in the results. China is eager 
for schools in which to train her young. 
And the mission school is the one su- 
preme opportunity of the church to im- 
part Christ into China. In fact, so. keen 
is the desire for education that it is al- 
most useless to try to take the message 
any other way. 

What is true of China may be likewise 

said of India. Let the words of repre- 
sentative men speak for India in the fol- 
lowing manner: 

Sir James Bourdillon, of Mysore, one 
of India's great statesmen, sends these 
words for publication in the foreign field : 

" I have seen a good deal of mission- 
ary work for over thirty years in the 
north of India, and for something less 
than two years in the south of the penin- 
sula, and I have no reason whatever to 
doubt the value and efficiency of the 
work. In the letters published in the 
Times, the question of education by mis- 
sionary societies has been discussed, and 
I confess that I am entirely on the side 
of those who place a high value upon it. 
It is not pretended that all, or even a 
large proportion, of those who read in 
mission schools openly embrace Chris- 
tianity ; but it is undoubtedly true that in 
an immense number of cases the influ- 
ences of the Christian school remain po- 
tent through life. I have repeatedly met 
natives of India who have stated to me 
that tho they themselves are not profess- 
ing Christians, yet they still read and 
revere the Bible, and that they have nev- 
er forgotten the teaching of the school, 
and the high standard of morality, truth, 
and purity which they there learned to 
admire. And again, whether the mis- 
sionary is successful or not — as some 
men count success, by telling over the 
number of his converts — yet his life and 
conversation are always there to bear tes- 
timony to the truth of the religion which 
he professes. In hundreds of dark 


The Missionary Visitor 


places in India, the Christian missionary 
proves that the life is the light : in times 
of prosperity he is, perhaps, not needed 
overmuch by the people among whom he 
dwells, but in times of trouble and dis- 
tress, when plague, earthquake, famine, 
flood or epidemic disease scourges the 
land, it is he to whom the villagers turn 
for help, comfort, and advice: man's 
calamity is his opportunity, and his con- 
duct and bearing in trouble and sorrow 
are often more eloquent evangelists than 
the words of himself and his pastors, be 
they never so earnest. I believe that 
Christian missions are making remark- 
able progress all over India, and one 
proof of this progress may be found in 
the bitterness with which they have been 
attacked of late years by hostile parties 
pressing for this or that form of Hindu 
revival or anti-Christian activity." 

Sir Andrew Fraser, Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of Bengal, who has spent thirty- 
seven years in service for his government 
in India, thus spoke in London on a mis- 
sionary occasion: 

" I have served in two provinces, and 
I have known as many missionaries as 
possible in both. I have gone, as a mem- 
ber of government commissions, over the 
whole of India, and visited every prov- 
ince and many native states, and in every 
place I have become acquainted with the 
missionaries. As a layman who has had 
exceptional opportunities I throw myself 
with all my weight into the class of 
witnesses who come to speak with thank- 
fulness to God for what missionaries 
have done." 

So far solicitations for funds by the] 
General Board have been for the simple, 
purpose of supporting the workers who 
are preaching the Gospel. The time has 
come when either another board with 
educational purposes works side by side 
with the present General Mission Board, j 
or else the purposes of the General Board 
shall have the larger interpretation which 
will permit it to build educational insti- 
tutions and employ consecrated teachers 
who will give to Christianity on the for- 
eign field just what Christianity at home 
insists upon having, — a sound, sensible 
and complete Christian education. 

In an indirect way this has been done; 
in India under the nom de plume of or- 
phanage work. A better and more effec- 
tual way is to directly provide ways and 
means so that every young member so 
disposed may prepare himself to teach, 
with not only consecrated heart but well 
trained head, the great message of salva- 

It may appear early to speak of China 
when the workers themselves do not have 
a working command of the language ; yet 
no one who is in any measure acquainted 
with the conditions there but knows that 
schools, medical and literary, will be 
among the first and most effectual agen- 
cies for the proclamation of the Gospel 
in the Sunrise Kingdom. 

Let us begin providing today for these 
onward steps and not wait until, being 
pressed upon us, we are taken unawares 
and are not ready. 


Mrs. Effie V. Long 

OUR district meeting of 1909 is in 
the past and all agree that it was 
one of the best if not the best one we 
have ever had in India. May the results 
be far-reaching for the good of the In- 
dia church. 

Our district meeting time is looked 
forward to throughout the whole year, 
for it is then that our missionaries with 
few exceptions meet together and enjoy 
fellowship and association with each- 
other and spiritual communion with their 


The Missionary Visitor 


God. And then, too, the brethren and 
sisters of India also meet to study the 
Word and give encouragement to each 
other. All seem happy and it is generally 
a time of rejoicing. There are many oth- 
er meetings that are grouped along at 
this time and each day is made full in- 
deed with Gujerati and English serv- 

On Friday, March 5, the brethren and 
sisters from all the different congrega- 
tions began pouring in and it was not 
long till Bulsar had a greater hum than 
usual about the premises. 

Saturday, March 6, the field com- 
mittee met and the day was spent in dis- 
cussing matters of importance to the 
India church. By Saturday night all 
had arrived. There were only two of our 
own number absent — Sisters Nora Berke- 
bile and Sadie Miller — and we were all 
sorry they could not be with us. 

Sunday was a big day. At 8 : 30 the* 
bell rang for Sunday school and I suppose 
the attendance was the largest of the 
year. An hour later a bell pealed forth 
from another direction and all looked 
toward the new church just, ready to 
be dedicated to the Lord. From the old 
room in the orphanage building the Sun- 
day school filed out in a long procession 
to the church, a stone's throw away. And 
as they marched slowly and solemnly 
those in the rear began singing " Come 
quickly, Lord Jesus, into my temple," 
and then, " Victory to Jesus." It was 
a time of rejoicing and yet there were 
tears shed. There was a mingling of 
joy and sadness, — a feeling one cannot 
explain but all have experienced. When 
all were seated the main body of the 
church was crowded and the wing half 

The church is a nice building, none too 
large. It does credit to Bro. Emmert's 
planning and building. The native breth- 
ren are pleased much to have a church 
all " our own " and they think it gives 
permanency to the work in India. 

The congregation was a study. The 
greater part was composed of boys and 

girls whom you, the church at home, 
have raised and supported, and they were 
cleanly-dressed and bright-looking and 
happy. On the outer edge of the au- 
dience and gazing in at almost every win- 
dow were native people who know not 
our God. Beside our boys sat the little 
fellows with matted, long hair and dirty 
clothing, and some, indeed, devoid of 
clothing except a four-inch-wide strip. 
At the entrance stood women and girls 
with brass rings from their ankles to 
their knees and with their skirts tucked 
about their hips. What a contrast ! And 
why all this difference? Christianity has 
done it. 

It was appropriate that Bro. Stover 
should preach the dedicatory sermon, 
since he began the work at Bulsar some 
fourteen years ago and has lived and la- 
bored there the greater part of his time 
in India. He chose for his text, Psa. 
126: 3, a very good one for the occasion. 
Beginning with some history of the es- 
tablishing of the mission at Bulsar, he 
went on and among many other good 
things said, emphasized what the church 
stands for: 1, Brotherhood. 2, Peace, 
3, Temperance. 4, Forgiveness of sins. 
5, Separation from the world, and 6, 
Glory of God. It was a good meeting 
and at the close a special collection of 
over Rs. 200 was lifted. 

Sunday afternoon a good missionary 
meeting with talks by the native brethren 
was very helpful. At six o'clock we lis- 
tened to a sermon in English. The text 
was Job 37: 21, and Bro. Berkebile, in 
his usual, helpful way, gave encourage- 
ment to all the missionaries by showing 
how we ought to rejoice in sorrow and 
see victory through seeming defeat, for 
" the sun does shine behind the clouds." 

A consecration meeting followed con- 
ducted by Bro. E. H. Eby. When it was 
burned into their hearts that " he that 
loseth his life in this world shall keep it 
unto life eternal," there were seven who 
rose and signified their willingness to 
die unto self and live wholly unto God. 

Monday was a busy day. Several 


The Missionary Visitor 


hours were spent in hearing the reports 
of the yearly work of the teachers, cat- 
echists, etc. The afternoon was spent in 
a good Sunday-school meeting. Bro. 
Lambert, who is visiting India in the in- 
terests of the Mennonite mission, gave us 
a good sermon at six from the text, 1 
John 3 : 20. He has traveled extensively, 
is a man of thought and experience and 
his sermon was just what missionaries 
need. He also preached for us on Satur- 
day night. 

Bro. Lellu Jalem followed this with a 
sermon to the Gujerati congregation. It 
was so earnest and so good for all of 
our native brethren and sisters and es- 
pecially helpful to those who may not be 
as well grounded as they ought to be. 
After showing why and in what way 
other religions* are not true it was shown 
that Christianity is the true religion, for 

1. It supplies the deepest need of man. 

2. Is a universal religion. 3. Has re- 
sisted all opposition of atheists, etc., in all 
ages. 4. Is a supernatural religion (not 
understood by natural man). 5. Har- 
monious in all its parts, i. e., all books of 
the Bible agree. 6. It is a revelation 
worthy of God. Surely such a sermon 
will live in the hearts of the hearers. 

The district meeting convened on 
Tuesday. Bro. Lichty was chosen mod- 
erator and Bro. Ross English secretary 
and Bro. Lellu Jalem, Gujerati secre- 
tary. The morning session was taken 
up with reports, etc. A Home Mission 
Board of five members was elected. 
The self-denial collection amounted to 

Rs. 395. This was delivered to the 
Home Mission Board for mission 

There were two papers brought before 
the meeting. One, asking that the use 
of tobacco be put away from among us, 
was discussed first. It was gratifying to 
see how our native brethren took a stand 
against the use of tobacco. The second, 
query was in regard to the wearing of 
ornaments, urging that we live according 
to the ruling of the church on that. On 
the whole it was a good meeting, and the 
spirit of brotherhood was prevalent. 

An excellent meeting of testimony and 
prayer in the vernacular ended a busy 

The Bible term began on Wednesday 
and those who were not to attend begai 
to scatter out to the different stations 
The numer attending the classes is lar- 
ger than last year. 

# At night Bro. Lichty gave his final ad 
dress to the missionaries. And it wa 
just the thing that was helpful, " casting 
all your care upon him for he careth 
for you." He said the Christian ough 
not to have anxiety and worry over 
things, many of which do not come to 
pass. No, the Christian ought to trus 
the Lord, ought to cast his burdens upon 
Him as He has bidden, and to be cheerfi 
and happy, this is the Christian's duty. 

So ended our meeting of 1909. It wa 
a pleasant season and we believe the 
benefits will be lasting. 

J al alp or, India, March 12, 1909. 


W. B. Stover 

/^\ NCE upon a time very many years 
^^ ago there came into a village a 
teacher of religion, whom the people 
heard and wondered at, but did not ap- 
preciate at all. He minded his own busi- 
ness and taught those who came to him, 
and all who came were deeply impressed 

with his teaching. One day a young 
man of the village, a farmer's son, took 
sick, and after a few days it was ap- 
parent to all that he was near death's 
door. Then came the religious teacher 
to the door of the farmer's house, and 
said he had a remedy for the dying boy, 


The Missionary Visitor 


All were eager to learn it, for the son 
was the eldest son, and a much loved 
member of the family. 

What the teacher of religion said was 
this : " Here is a pill. Take it. You 
take it, not the sick man, but one of you 
who are not sick must take it. Then he 
will get well, but the one who takes it 
will die. The pill is that kind of a pill." 
But no one wanted to take the pill. And 
the teacher said that in that event the 
young man would doubtless have to die. 
The mother was asked to take it, as she 
was loud in her moanings and crying at 
the thought of death entering their house. 
But the mother said that she did not 
want to die. They asked the father to 
take it, but the father said he was anxious 
indeed for his son to get well, but he 
did not want to die himself. And they 
asked the old grandmother to take the 
pill, that peculiar pill which would kill 
the one who took it but secure the life 
of the sick one in the house, and the 
grandmother felt that she was old and 
was not of much service to anyone any 
more in the world, truly, but she still 
held life dear, and hesitated about tak- 
ing the pill, — in fact, she refused to take 
it The pill lay untouched, and the young 
man lay dying. 

Then the teacher of religion said to 
them all : " The young man ought to live. 
Shall I take the pill that he may live and 
not die ? " And the father said yes, the 
mother said yes, the whole family said 
yes. Everybody was glad, then, and they 
spoke loudly the praises of the young 
religious teacher who would supply the 
remedy, not only, but who would take 
the pill himself. He said he was with- 
out many friends and had not any 
worldly goods to make him hesitate, so 
he would not fear to take the thing. His 
thought first and foremost was that the 
young man might live and not die. And 
so he took the pill. 

They watched him. They watched 
their own son. As the son got better 
the teacher of religion got worse. It 
was talked about everywhere among the 
villagers. The news spread from town 

to town. People sat up nights talking to 
each other and telling a story, this story, 
that was different from anything anyone 
had ever heard. One morning, not many 
days after, the teacher lay dead. And 
the young farmer was well. Then the 
village people made a great lamentation 
over him, for he was after all the best 
friend they ever had. No one had ever 
done like this before. In the midst of 
the weeping there came up an old man. 
He looked serious and careworn. He 
asked what was the matter, and why 
there was so much weeping. He asked 
who was dead. They, brought him to 
look at the face of the dead man, and lo, 
it was his own son. He looked on in 
silence and wept. They told the story 
over again; how the son of the farmer 
had been saved by the death of the young 
man ; voluntary, purely voluntary it was ; 
and how they all felt it so wonderful. 
But he was dead now. Presently the old 
man called to his son in a loud voice to be 
alive again, to come, and they would go 
away from this village. The son breathed, 
sat up, and the two went off together. 

The farmer's son called to them to 
wait a little, as he would go with them. 
The father said NO, the mother said 
NO, and the grandmother said NO. The 
whole village said NO. But the young 
farmer said that there was only one who 
loved him well enough to give his own 
life to save him when he was dying, and 
that was the young teacher, so he pre- 
ferred to cast his lot with him from this 
day forth. The father begged and 
the mother begged and the grand- 
mother begged. The whole town begged 
of him not to desert his home, not 
to leave the village where he was born, 
but to remain with them, and be their 
stay and comfort in the years to come. 
But his only reply was that he had found 
a friend who was dearer to him than was 
father or mother or any of the rest of 
them, and it would be his life-purpose 
henceforth to go with this teacher, and 
as far as possible, be like him. 

This, friends, is the story of God's 
love for you, the story of Jesus. 

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Wilt thou go? and, leaving all, 
Follow at the Savior's call ; 
Rise above these fleeting joys — 
Earthly fame and worldly toys — 
Counting loss all things below — 
Wilt thou go? 

Wilt thou go with Him who died, 
Jesus Christ the crucified? 
He will guide thee by His grace 
Till at length thou see His face, 
Saved from death and endless woe — 
Wilt thou go? 

Wilt thou go ? — but not to gain 
Rest from sorrow, toil and pain; 
No reward is promised here, 
But to those who persevere ; 
Joys immortal they shall know — 
Wilt thou go? 

Wilt thou go? — the Spirit pleads: 
He who knows thy deepest needs 
Draws thee near with cords of love ; 
All His power thou shalt prove, 
He will conquer every foe — 
Wilt thou go? 

Wilt thou go? — take up the cross — 
Heavenly gain means earthly loss — 
Follow Christ, thy risen Lord, 
Trusting in His gracious Word; 
Peace and pardon He'll bestow — 
Wilt thou go? 

I will go, my soul replies, 
Lord on Thee my hope relies; 
Thou hast made my heart rejoice, 
Gladly I'll obey Thy voice- 
Follow Thee while here below, 
I will go. 

I will go with Thee, my Guide, 
Ever keeping near Thy side ; 
Thou wilt lead me safely on 
Till my earthly course is done. 
Thus, with Thee, through joy or woe— 
I will go. 

-G. M. Phipps, in London Christian. 















S. N. McCann 

ONE morning, while in Bombay, a 
party hired a boat for a day's ex- 
cursion to Elephanta caves. It was our 
privilege to join the party and visit the 
little island of Elephanta, just five miles 
east of Bombay. The island is named 
from a huge stone elephant that used to 
be on its south side, near the shore. The 
statue is now broken in pieces and has 
been removed to the Victoria Gardens, 
Bombay, where it can be seen soon after 
entering the gardens. 

About halfway up one of the hills on 
the island is a cave temple. Its age is 
unknown and also its builders. 

Front View of Elephanta Cave. 

After a steep climb of about one hun- 
dred yards we come to the main en- 
trance, sixty feet wide and eighteen feet 
high, supported by two massive columns, 
one of which is broken away, and two 
heavy pilasters. The interior is studded 
with massive columns and the sides are 

full of compartments, all cut from the 
solid stone. The main cave is about 
120 feet wide by 130 feet long. The 
compartments on all sides are filled with 
immense statues representing the gods 
of India. 

The Trimurti, or Hindu Trinity, Brahma, 
Vishnu and Siva. 

This immense idol stands opposite 
the main entrance. The heads are six 
feet long and nicely carved. " Brahma 
the first of the three great Hindu gods, 
is called the creator." He is generally 
represented as a god with five heads. At 
one time he was much worshiped, but at 
this time Brahma is little worshiped in 
India. Brahma, while regarded as the 
creator," is not the great god but only a 
manifestation of the divine essence. 

Vishnu is the second person of the 
Hindu triad. He is also only a manifes- 
tation of the divine essence, in no way 
inferior to Brahma. His special work 

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The " Trimurti " (Brahma, Vishnu and Siva) , 

is the preservation of all creation. The 
powers of the whole triad are often as- 
cribed to Vishnu. Some of the sacred 
books make Brahma greatest of the 
trimurti ; some make Vishnu greatest and 
some make Siva greatest, but they are 
each regarded as but imitations of the 
divine essence. 

4 - . |'. vH- -> c 

Siva, the third in the Hindu triad, is 
called the destroyer. In Hinduism, death 
is not death in the sense of passing into 
nonexistence, but simply transmigration 
or a change into a new form of existence. 
Siva, the Destroyer. 

The stone image is a fair representa- 
tion of the god Siva. Many images of 
this god are found in the cave. Siva 
is generally known by the name of 

Siva, the Destroyer. 

Iiinga Shrine. 


The Missionary Visitor 


" Mahadeva, the great god." Temples 
dedicated to Mahadeva are scattered all 
over India. 

The Linga Shrine. 

This shrine is just another form of the 
Mahadeva, or great god, Siva. The lit- 
tle block of stone seen in the door is 
the image representing Siva, which is 
more worshiped than any other image 
in India. There are more temples with 
this image than any other. I think there 
are more temples with this image than 
all others put together. We find small 
temples and large temples, and mere 
shrines where people worship this repre- 
sentation of their Mahadeva. 

Lion Cave, Elephanta. 

The image of lions represents in all 
probability the worship of some aborigi- 
nal tribe or tribes. Some of the hill 
tribes yet worship the tiger or lion fam- 
ily. The poor people of India are to be 
pitied in their ignorance and idolatry. 

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Lion Cave. 

They need the light of the Gospel to help 
them to the true God. They are often 
terribly in earnest in their worship and 
do not readily change to a new religion. 
The missionary must patiently labor and 
wait results. There is no place where 
one must so surely lean on God for help 
as in the mission field. 


I. S. Long 

Hp HE subject of this sketch was born 
■*■ in Tokyo in 1843. He came from 
the middle class, i. e. } he was of warrior 

In Neesima's early youth Japan's con- 
dition was unenviable; the laws were 
harsh and repressive : government officers 
were suspicious and narrow-minded; li- 
centiousness was almost universally prev- 
alent; assassination and bloodshed were 
daily occurrences ; the Japanese were ex- 
clusive, all foreigners being reckoned 
barbarians; on the whole, the situation 
was gloomy, and few there were who 
dared hope for a better future for the 
country. Happily, in 1853 the American 
fleet, under the command of Commodore 
Perry, appeared on the scene, and the iu- 
ture of Japan was guaranteed. 

In those days every child in Japan was 
placed by his parents under the protec- 
tion of some god. Accordingly, when 
Xeesima was five years old, he was taken 
to the temple of his guardian deity to 
offer thanks for his preserving care. At 
this time, too, he was given two small 
swords to wear, after the manner of his 
rank. In his home were numerous gods, 
before which in the morning tea and rice 
were offered and in the evening candles 
were lighted, accompanied with prostra- 
tions and prayers for the family. Nee- 
sima also as a child, strictly observed an- 
cestral worship, and went to the grave- 
yard to worship their spirits. And such 
was his devotion that often he would 
rise early and go to the temple, three and 
one-half miles distant, before breakfast. 
Happily at the age of fifteen, seeing the 


The Missionary Visitor 



idols did not partake of the offered food, 
he gave up their worship. 

Neesima's education, save for self-ef- 
fort, was irregular and scanty. He was 
taught drawing and ceremonial polite- 
ness, at both of which he succeeded well. 
Later he managed to get a fair knowl- 
edge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, etc. 
His play as well as his study was occa- 
sionally interrupted by sickness, for he 
was not strong in body. By chance he 
came to make a short voyage in a small 
coast steamer. As a result of this voyage 
his restless spirit was emboldened to visit 
foreign lands; for he compared the Jap- 
anese to " birds shut up in a cage or 
rats in a bag." At that time, however, 
it was death for a Japanese to leave his 
country without permission of the gov- 

How young Neesima made one friend 
after another; how a translation of Rob- 
inson Crusoe, a historical geography of 
the United States, and a Bible history 
in Chinese fell into his hands ; how these 
books shaped his future; and how by 
various devices, he finally escaped to 
America we dare not, for lack of space, 
tell here ; but in it all one fancies he sees 
the finger of God, for " There is a Di- 
vinity that shapes our ends, rough hew 
them how we will." 

The ship in which Neesima arrived be- 
longed to Hon. Alpheus Hardy, a 
wealthy gentleman, who was greatly in- 
terested in missions. On hearing from 
the ship captain the story of Neesima 
he kindly undertook to provide for his 
education, in the hope that he might later 
return and be a blessing to his country. 
Neesima was placed in Phillips Acad- 
emy at Andover, where he made com- 
mendable progress. During this time he, 
boarded with a good Christian' family in 
the neighborhood. In a short time he 
had won the affection of all, for he was 
of a lovable disposition and keenly ap- 
preciative. After spending two years 
at the academy he was admitted to Am- 
herst College, where with the class of 
1870 he graduated, taking the degree of 
bachelor of science. 

After spending one year in the acad- 
emy he took Jesus for his Savior. This 
was the culmination of a hope long in- 
dulged, for while yet in his own country, 
through the reading of the Bible history 
he was led to believe in the truth of the 
Christian Scriptures. And now that he 
had learned the secret of America's 
greatness, and above all the secret of a 
true Christian's joy and peace, he was 
filled with unutterable longing to be use- 
ful to his own countrymen. To this end 
he determined to go back to his native 
land a missionary of the cross. Hence 
the next year found him in the theologi- 
cal seminary at Andover, and in the ful- 
ness of time he was graduated and or- 
dained and sent to his own as a preach- 
er of righteousness. 

While yet in college Neesima had pon- 
dered deeply on his country's needs. He 
knew their newborn thirst for knowl- 
edge. He foresaw the advance of educa- 
tion, and wished it to be leavened with 
Christianity. Hence he early conceived 
the idea of a Christian university for 
his people. He might have gone home 
and become an honored government 
servant, or in other ways have be- 
come a leader of his people, winning es- 
teem from all quarters, for he was not 
only learned, but having traveled ex- 
tensively in both America and Europe 
had seen much; but like one of apostolic 
faith he counted " all things but loss for 
the excellency of the knowledge of 
Christ Jesus my Lord." Likewise in 
after years when opposed in his college, 
work in Japan he frankly told the au- 
thorities that " it is impossible to check 
Christianity, because it is a living prin- 
ciple. If crushed in one city it will sure- 
ly burst forth in another. The best way 
is to leave it alone, else Japan will lose 
her best patriots." 

Before his departure for Japan Nee- 
sima was allowed to present his plans for 
a Christian institution in his own coun- 
try. While speaking before the Mission- 
ary Society he was moved with intense 
feeling on behalf of his countrymen and 
shed tears. Being carried away by his 


The Missionary Visitor 


feelings he refused to resume his seat 
till his appeal was answered. As a re- 
sult about $5,000 was subscribed at 
once to commence a Christian college in 

On his arrival in his own country he 
went straightway to see his aged parents. 
He told of all his experiences and the 
kind treatment received while in Ameri- 
ca, and best of all of the Savior he had 
learned to adore. He told his father 
that if he felt grateful for all that his 
son had received of kindness while away 
he should worship the one true God, the 
God of his American friends. From 
that moment his father discontinued the 
worship of the gods and his ancestors ; 
and with the father's consent Neesima 
took down all the household gods and 
destroyed them. Within several years 
Neesima wrote : " My aged parents now 
worship God instead of idols, and my 
invalid sister, who grasps spiritual truth 
faster than these aged ones, takes part 
in the prayer meetings for women held 
at my house. My wife attends the Bi- 
ble exercises in the school. We are 
perfectly happy together, and I am try- 
ing to make my home like the Christian 
home I found in America." 

Neesima was located at Kioto. After 
much prayer and thought, and not a few 
interviews with government authorities, 
a school was founded under the name of 
" Doshisha," meaning, One Purpose or 
One Endeavor Company. The first term 
began with twelve, and later forty stu- 
dents registered in the school. This suc- 
cess of course aroused opposition from 
the Buddhist priests. Nevertheless, the 
school continued and the next year thir- 
ty boys who had belonged to a school 
taught by Captain James, an ex-officer 
in the American Army, joined the Doshi- 
sha. This move meant to the boys who 
came persecution and estrangement from 
friends, but their coming gave a new 
tone to the institution, for their influence 
was felt in molding the Doshisha moral- 
ly, and in shaping its course of study 
from that time. Of this thirty some be- 
came eminent Christians. Thereafter 

many anxious parents sent their boys to 
be taught in the " new way." 

As time passed the Doshisha gained in 
prestige and Neesima made many 
friends. By degrees men were found 
to sympathize with his proposal to found 
a Christian university. In Neesima's 
public appeal to his countrymen for sup- 
port he made the following statement: 
" All Oriental states are almost wholly 
destitute of liberty and Christian moral- 
ity, and cannot, therefore, advance rap- 
idly in civilization. It is the spirit of 
liberty, the development of science, the 
Christian morality, which has given birth 
to European civilization. Trace the ef- 
fect to the cause and you will find science 
resting upon the foundation of Christian- 
ity. We cannot therefore believe that 
Japan can secure that civilization until 
education rests upon the same basis." 

As a result of Neesima's incessant ac- 
tivity his health gave way, and he was 
requested to take a furlough. During 
his furlough he traveled through Europe 
and America, seeking along with health 
information of every kind. His health 
somewhat improved in America and he 
was cheered to learn that $50,000 was 
granted to meet the special requests from 
the Japan Mission. He was given a 
splendid reception on his arrival home. 
Shortly afterwards he laid the founda- 
tion of two new school buildings. The 
school grew rapidly in numbers and in 
influence, so that two years later at a 
public meeting assembled to discuss the 
propriety of endowment, about $30,000 
was collected. The next year, 1889, Mr. 
Harris, of New London, U. S. A., who 
had previously given $15,000 for the 
erection of a building for the scientific 
department of the Doshisha, increased 
his gift to $100,000. From that day the 
Doshisha University has been a grow- 
ing factor in the material and spiritual 
development of modern Japan. 

Neesima, always inclined to be weakly 
of body, was now wasting away. Every- 
thing was done for his recovery, but to 
no avail. Before his departure for the 
better world he indicated to his friends 


The Missionary Visitor 


his wishes for the school and the work 
of Christ in Japan. Concerning the 
school he wrote: "The object of the 
Doshisha is the advancement of Chris- 
tianity, literature and science, and the 
furtherance of all education . . . 
The object of the education given by the 
Doshisha is not theology, literature or 
science in themselves ; but that, thru 
these, men of great and living power may 
be trained up for the service of true free- 
dom and their country." 

Among his last words to his wife were 
these : " Do not erect a monument after 
my death. It is sufficient to have a 
wooden post stating on it ' The grave of 
Joseph Neesima.' " Kanamori, after- 
wards pastor of College church, said to 
him, " Teacher, please go in peace. We 
will do our best to carry on your work." 
In great pain Mr. Neesima raised his left 
hand with a smile, saying, " Sufficient, 
sufficient." Shortly afterwards with the 
words, " Peace, joy, heaven," on his lips 
he entered into rest. 

His body was taken to Kioto for 
burial. The train arrived at midnight, 
and although the night was stormy and 
the roads deep with mud and half-melted 
snow, still the train that bore his body 
was met by six hundred students of the 
Doshisha who, by relays, carried the body 
three miles to his house. Several days 
later 4,000 people assembled to witness 
the burial. His successor, Mr. Kozaki, 
spoke briefly from the text, " Except a 
corn of wheat fall into the ground and 
die, it abideth alone ; but if it die it 
bringeth forth much fruit." 

Thus passed away one of Japan's first 
and most noted Christians. His love for 
and interest in his countrymen and his 
Lord were alike unbounded. Truly he 
was a Christian patriot. Are there any 
homes in our Brotherhood which are in- 
teresting themselves in the education and 
spiritual development of children of for- 
eign birth? The subject of this sketch 
is a sample of what a boy may become 
when reared and educated in a truly 
Christian home. 


Kathryn Ziegler 

A LITTLE more than -a week ago we 
felt that we wanted a change from 
the daily study of Gujerati. So as the 
usual custom is in this country we took 
our beds and went to Bulsar to attend the 
dedication of our first church in India 
and at the same time to attend the district 
meeting, and what glorious meetings we 
had ! It was such a blessing to meet with 
so many of our brethren and sisters, and 
especially so to meet nearly all the mis- 
sionaries. We were glad to meet our 
native Christians too, but our conversa- 
tion with them is soon to an end ; how we 
long for the time when we can converse 
with them without difficulty. 

The few days spent at Bulsar were in- 
deed full of many blessings, even though 
a few of us could understand very little 

of what was said ; but to see the interest 
that our native Christians take in the 
work was an inspiration, and as a little 
of what was said was interpreted to us, 
how we wished we could understand 
more of it, and we prayed that God would 
bless every good word that was spoken. 

Our native preacher, Lellu Jalem, 
preached an excellent sermon, comparing 
the heathen religions with the Christian 
religion, if only more heathens would 
have been there to hear it. 

To show you the zeal of some of our 
native Christians we will tell you of 
four young men who walked about seven- 
ty-five miles to attend the district meet- 
ing. When some one spoke to them about 
it they said : " Why shouldn't we walk 
this distance to meet with God's children, 


The Missionary Visitor 


when we used to walk farther to worship 
idols?" God bless their zeal and desire 
to attend these meetings, to receive 
strength and encouragement in their 
Christian life. 

Those few soul-inspiring days passed 
by all too soon. We almost felt like say- 
ing, " Let us build tabernacles and stay " ; 
and yet how true that separations make 
meetings more joyful ; a season of sun- 
shine makes the rain more welcome, and 
vice versa. 

We returned home to study the lan- 
guage with renewed zeal. It seems dif- 
ficult, and we think we ought to go fast- 
er, but we know by patience and per- 
severance we will get it. A person is 
quite fortunate anyway in coming to 
India with an abundance of patience ; it's 
one of the virtues very necessary; the 

people of India do not believe in rushing 
anything. We watched some carpenters 
repairing a building and they sat down 
to it whenever they could; the women 
were close by to hand them the things 
that were needed. In America such car- 
penters would soon be in the background, 
but for some of our Americans itmight 
do real well. 

Everything is so different from what we 
are accustomed to. The people surely 
live a simple life ; in this we might prof- 
it by following their example to some 
extent and then we would have more to 
give for the spreading of the Gospel. 

Brethren and sisters, pray for us that 
we may live the simple life, that our lives 
may shine for Jesus, that many of In- 
dia's millions may be brought to the gos- 
pel light through our influence, and God 
shall have the praise. 


IN 1908 

J. B. Emmert 

/^\ UR Sunday schools continue to do 
^-^ good work. Three new schools 
were opened during the year. The entire 
number was thirty-eight. Of this num- 
ber twenty-eight were conducted prima- 
rily for heathen children. These special 
schools had an average attendance of 
739. In some of them the same pupils 
were met week after week and taught 
regularly the international lessons. In 
two schools the pupils were prepared for 
the Sunday-school examination and thir- 
ty-eight out of fifty passed. In one 
school all passed who entered. This is 
not new for Christians, but is worthy of 
special note when done by boys of the 
non-Christian community. 

It is also worthy of mention that these 
special schools are usually carried on by 
but one man and his wife. They live in 
a village alone, surrounded by heathen, 
most of whom oppose them in their work 

at every opportunity. Yet they gather 
children together Sunday after Sunday. 
Sometimes when prejudice hinders the 
children's coming on Sunday they are 
gathered together on Saturday and 
taught. Sometimes there may be fifty 
present, sometimes a hundred, and again 
only five or ten, but the teacher teaches 
on. Many times he may be seen going 
about from house to house, calling the 
children together. And this is done by 
Indian Christians who have known of the 
Gospel but a few years. Who would be- 
grudge the help he may have given to 
enable such to learn of the Christ ? Who 
could foretell the result if all Christians 
were to work as diligently to lead their 
neighbors to the Lord? 

Nine schools were represented in the 
examination. From these schools 334 
entered and 278 passed. The examina- 
tion is a great stimulant to greater effort 


The Missionary Visitor 


on the part of both pupil and teacher. At 
the time this report is written the schools 
are busy in their preparation for the 
coming examination in July. 

The contributions of the year fell short 
of what they were last year. At first 
this was deplored, but later it was found 
that over and above the $161.50 contrib- 
uted by the Sunday schools, the Chris- 
tian community had contributed $130 by 
a special effort through self-denial for 
home mission work. Our regret was 
turned into joy. 

The number of baptisms is not as 
large as we should like to be able to re- 
port, but this, too, can be explained. Al- 
most all of the children in the older 
schools have been baptized, and the new- 
er schools among the heathen have not 
yet had time to do their work. But the 
signs are good and it is the hope of your 
missionaries that the present year may see 
an increase in the church from among the 
pupils of these special schools for the 

Bulsar, India, March 12, 1909. 


Geo. W. Hilton 

PERHAPS the greatest hindrance to 
mission work in Shan-Si in past 
years has been that of opium smoking. 
It has ever been a problem as to how 
to reach those men and women that are 
slaves to this habit. (For women as well 
as men are opium smokers.) The first 
refuge work in the province was started 
by Pastor Hsi, a native evangelist of the 
China Inland Mission. This was fol- 
lowed by David Hill and Mr. Turner, 
who started refuges in 1878. Then the 
governor of Shan-Si started seven ref- 
uges in the year 1880. But these proved 
a failure, not having behind them men 
of character. But on the other hand 
they were run by unscrupulous men, who 
saw in this work an opportunity of flee- 
cing these poor fellows who came to 
them for aid. 

Several methods were tried at first. 
Pastor Hsi's method was to gather these 
men into his own home, where they could 
be kept from the temptations of their old 
surroundings while taking treatment. He 
at first used foreign drugs, but his work 
soon grew to such proportions that his 
little stock of medicine became exhausted. 
He took the matter to the Lord, and 
while fasting and praying he claims to 
have had the formula of an opium rem- 
edy revealed to him. Men may be 

skeptical, but medical men here on the 
field assure us that the remedy made by 
the pastor from this formula was a per- 
fect success, and believe that it came to 
him through divine guidance. Some med- 
ical missionaries analyzed the pastor's 
medicine and found that all three varie- 
ties contained a little opium. Therefore 
they resorted to other methods, thinking 
that it was best to break off the habit all 
at once. This method proved to be a 
failure, as patients often died on their 
hands when entirely deprived of their 
opium. This caused many blackmail 
cases, as friends would refuse to remove 
the dead bodies. So the pastor's method 
of a gradual breaking away was finally 
adopted by most of these workers. 

The pastor gave his medicines in pill 
form, two of them at the refuge and 
the third was taken at home after leav- 
ing the refuge. Sometimes this third 
pill was continued for months. This had 
its advantages, as the patient must often 
return to the refuge for more medicine, 
thus bringing him again in touch with the 
gospel teaching, which is the most prom- 
inent part of refuge work. The patients 
are taught that the medicine alone will 
not cure, but that they must trust God 
fully for their healing. There are three 
different stages of opium smoking. 



The Missionary Visitor 


First, those that smoke the drug with 
tobacco; second, those that use the 
opium alone; and third, those that take 
the ashes left from smoking and mix 
them with water and drink them. 

Some of the things necessary for suc- 
cessful refuge work are, first, large, well- 
lighted, cheerful quarters; a large com- 
pound, where patients can get plenty of 
exercise. Occupation of some kind must 
be provided to keep their minds off their 
own wretchedness, for the opium smoker 
is a miserable man, a moral, physical 
wreck with no will of his own, who, 
when the craving for the drug comes, 
will try to bribe the attendants to have 
them get it for him. Some of them an- 
ticipate the craving, and on entering the 
refuge bring the drug with them, thus 
making it necessary at times to search 
them, but they will sometimes get it 
anyway, and then the work must be 
done again. Sometimes they even hide 
the opium pills in their queues. 

Another essential thing is plenty of 
nourishing food, properly cooked. Then 
comes the question of native help. These 
helpers ought by all means to be Chris- 
tians, for they must at times refuse bribes 
that are great temptations to them. 
These helpers can be best obtained 
through a central training school for 
native helpers and evangelists. Another 
great essential on the part of all con- 
cerned is a surplus stock of patience. 
The fact that there are counterfeit imita- 
tions of opium remedies, put out by the 
Chinese for the purpose of gain, makes 
the work harder, as the use of these so- 
called cures causes the natives to lose 
confidence in all other opium remedies. 

The question is asked, what have been 
the results of opium refuge work? A 
lady missionary in the south of this 
province told me today that almost with- 
out exception all their converts came to 
them through their opium refuges. Over 
thirty thousand men and women have 
passed through the refuges in the prov- 

ince. All of these had Christian teach- 
ing while there. Perhaps two-thirds of 
them have again taken up the old habit, 
but they persist in coming again and 
again until cured. I am told that some of 
the best workers in the Chinese church 
were once opium smokers. Over one 
thousand natives who are in the church 
today are the direct result of this line of 
work. Out of ten soldiers who took 
treatment in Tai-Yuen-Fu several years, 
ago three are Christians. Then we must 
take into consideration the benefit de- 
rived from getting an insight into Chi- 
nese character. It also creates sympathy 
for the suffering. It develops the tact 
and patience of the worker. The actual 
cost of curing a patient of this habit is 
from one and a half to two dollars each. 

Does China need the Gospel? Ought 
we to try to reach the class of people 
who are " down and out," as the saying 
is ? Remember that our Savior " came 
to seek and save that which was lost." 
Do you believe the part of our Savior's 
commission to the twelve, " Freely ye 
have received, freely give " ? Shall we 
break down the wall of prejudice by 
opening up refuge work for opium smok- 
ers ? Does China need help ? During the 
entire reign of Queen Victoria, opium 
was exported from India at the rate of 
half a ton an hour, every hour of the 
day and night, almost all of which found 
its way to China. Half a ton of opium 
is about thirteen thousand ounces, suf- 
ficient to poison outright thirty thousand 
people. There is a current saying among 
the people, that ten out of every nine 
in Shan-Si smoke opium. Perhaps two- 
thirds of the people use it in some form. 
We need a doctor for this work. Let us 
all pray earnestly that one may be forth- 
coming. The officials themselves are tak- 
ing a stand against opium. Will you re- 
inforce their efforts by your prayers, 
by your means, and if the Lord directs, 
by your service? 

Tai-Yuen-Fu, Shan-Si, China. 


The Missionary Visitor 



M. M. Eshelman 

FOR several years some of the mem- 
bers in Los Angeles, Cal., saw the 
great need of trained missionaries. 
There are now about 360,000 people liv- 
ing in this city. Here are people from 
many parts of the earth. Nearly every 
language is spoken here, and religions 
are legion. Divinations, necromancies, 
and all kinds of elements of the lower 
regions, earth elements badly mixed with 
intelligence, are abundant and their ad- 
herents are numerous. The need of 
knowing how to meet and bring about 
heavenly conditions, if possible, is ap- 
parent. To do this requires not only 
knowledge but consecration of the cour- 
ageous kind. 

To know is to go where the condition 
exists. Once known, the next step is to 
learn how to meet it successfully. To do 
this requires gospel training. One must 
not only know what first things to say, 
but when to say the first things. One 
must know when to give milk and when 
to give meat. One must know how 
Jesus dug thru the layers of thick 
humanisms in the Samaritan woman and 
how he struck at the class in which 
Nicodemus trained. He must know how 
Jesus cut out the degrees of favoritism 
in the minds of James and John as well 
as how to put truth in winning form. A 
skilled doctor would not amputate a fin- 
ger with a broadaxe, but he might cut 
splints to set a broken limb with a rude 
instrument. So a man ought not to 
break off the thorns of disbelief when he 

can use the knife of the Spirit and leave 
a smooth surface. 

Last October 5 some who so long felt 
that trained workers ought to be forth- 
coming in this city, got together, prayed 
the Father, asked for teachers and 
money, and He sent them freely and 
without impoverishment; and then the 
work began. The pupils came ; and now 
the second term is on in all ardor pre- 
paring workers for God's use, and He 
blesses continually. These pupils go out 
each week, find the needs and report to 
the mission class. Then the teacher gives 
instruction to meet the difficulties and 
out they go again. Thus they get the 
actual training by coming in contact 
with the needs of the disbelievers and the 
poor who have the need of help in cloth- 
ing and food. These trips enlist the 
gracious sympathies of the members. 
These young members gain courage in 
God's work in this way. It is not only a 
means to reach the unsaved but it gives 
the workers such experience that they 
only can get by actual contact. Christ 
saw this, therefore made a number of 
journeys with His disciples over Judaea 
and Galilee before sending them two by 

Bible schools in large cities are a 
necessity. They are where the most 
needs are. They are where they ' can 
reach the people at the least expense and 
where they see the actual low conditions. 
God bless all godly efforts to alleviate 
the sufferings of people and to bring sal- 
vation to the unsaved. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 


Franklin, W. Va., Jan. 29, 1909. 
To the Cooks Creek and Bridgewater 

Churches, Greeting. 
Dear Brethren and Sisters: 

Your humble servant, and servant of 

our Lord, wishes to submit the following 
report of the work done in the third 
quarter of the year. The number of 
sermons preached during this quarter was 
thirty-seven, and we also held one council 


The Missionary Visitor 


meeting. Met fifteen times in song serv- 
ice, made forty-nine house-to-house visits 
and baptized two. In this work I traveled 
638 miles. Of the appointments we made 
we failed only on three, that owing to 
the inclemency of the weather. There 
should have been more house-to-house 
visiting, but the work at the house and 
on the premises made it very impracti- 
cable. Only those in close touch with 
this work can realize what is to be 
done, and how much personal supervision 
it requires to get the work accomplished. 
The well is now completed, with seeming- 
ly an abundance of water. 

Winter hinders the attendance at serv- 
ice, and we do not aim to have night 
services at all, except a service in song 
once per month. Two sermons each 
Sunday is our rule, except at one meet- 
ing place, and there we have song on 
Saturday night. The work seems en- 
couraging on the whole — tho some things 
are here to hinder, as in all work. 

In the past nine months, since in the 
mission field, there have been many prob- 
lems to solve and among the many 
things that arise, here are a few of the 
most difficult ones: First, What can be 
done to save the most souls for the king- 
dom of God in the shortest possible time ? 
For many are hastening to the unknown 
world unprepared. 

Second, Who shall do this work, cover- 
ing a territory eighteen by twenty miles 
with nine preaching places, and calls 
for more that must go unheeded ? 

Third, How shall one man do more 
than preach from two to four sermons 
over Sunday — sometimes drive forty 

miles from Saturday noon till Monday 
noon, visit two or three homes and hold 
services as above named? 

Fourth, What results can one expect 
from such scattered efforts — nine places 
per month — when sin is rife in all its 
forms ? 

Fifth, How can men, set apart to the 
ministry, sit by at ease by threes and 
fours, and let men right by our doors 
perish for lack of the Bread of Lifer 

Sixth, What answer will we, as a 
church, make at that great day, when the 
sheaves are gathered with so few in the 
garner of the kingdom? 

We feel the need of more time for 
study. Indeed, we thought we should 
have much time for study this winter, 
but no, — work, work, work. There is 
too much work for one man to do. 
These who have professed need careful 
nursing, and training as well, to raise 
them to higher standards of Christian 
living, and we long to see the Spirit 
poured out overwhelmingly upon the 
workers, compelling them to action that 
more reapers may be in the harvest field. 
May we all pray most earnestly to the 
Lord of the Sabbath for the success of 
the work here, that this neglected field 
need not continue to suffer for lack 
of workers — those willing to go — and 
for churches glad to send ! Let them be 
sent by threes and fours, that the field 
may be worked effectively. 

Brethren, pray for us in our isolation 
and arduous labors of love. Much love 
we send to the beloved in the Lord in 
the valley. 

Yours, happy in His service, 

S. D. Zigler. 


\ LL distinctions among Europeans are 
*** in the ultimate social ones, and are 
subject to change. They bear the stamp 
of the temporal, not the eternal, world. 
Very little acquaintance with life will 
provide anyone with abundant illustra- 
tion of this fact, Every day children are 

born into one circle of life, who will in 
the course of years pass into another 
which is regarded as a higher one, and 
before their life is ended will have gone 
higher still, and as Peers of the Realm be 
second in dignity only to the Crown. 
There is nothing like this possible where 


The Missionary Visitor 


Hindu caste rules live. Caste is a rigid 
system of rules by which society is di- 
vided into unalterably different grades. 
In whatsoever caste a man is born, he 
and his descendants must remain or be- 
come outcast. ... 

In The East and the West for October 
there is a striking quotation which bears 
upon this aspect of the question before 
us, and enforces what has been already 
said. The writer is a high caste Brahman 
and an official of the Travancore State 
Government,^ State in which Hinduism 
is established and protected by every de- 
vice known to statesmen, lawyers, and 
priests; and the statement is part of an 
official report dealing with the division 
of the people into castes, races, and lan- 
guages. What is his judgment in re 
caste as he knows it? 

" Sir Monier Williams observed, ' as a 
social institution caste exists in all coun- 
tries/ In England caste in this sense ex- 
ercises no slight authority. But with us 
caste is a religious institution, not a so- 
cial one. A Brahman is born, not made 
so; so is a Sudra. And so are all those 
belonging to other castes. A Brahman, 
by neglecting to perform his religious 
ceremonies and caste observances, may 
become an ' outcaste,' but no member of 
a lower caste can rise to a higher one, 
as the Hindu religion does not allow con- 
verts from one form to another of its 
own faith, much less from other faiths. 
The barriers of caste are insuperable." 

The words are explicit and decisive. 
In the face of such a statement it is 
manifest that there is nothing in Hindu 
caste that is akin to the purely social dis- 
tinctions which arise in Christian coun- 
tries. . . . 

Ceremony takes the place of morality, 
and therefore the moral sense becomes 
enfeebled and perverted. The energies 
of the race are frittered away on trifles, 
and urgent necessities are either not seen 
or are beyond their power to deal with. 
Consequently the necessitous Hindus 
have to be ministered to by the foreign- 
ers: the. caste system bars out those who 
could help from the service which is 

needed by their fellows. The most 
needy cannot help themselves, and those 
who could do so much are restrained by 
fear of penalties or an- unsympathetic 

And the report from which we have 
already quoted is interesting at this point. 
After speaking of the miserable condition 
of outcaste peoples, and the effect of 
Christianity in raising them, the writer 
goes on to say: 

" This action of the missionaries was 
not a mere improvement upon ancient 
history, but an entirely original idea, car- 
ried out oftentimes in the teeth of oppo- 
sition and persecution . . . The 
heroism of raising the low from the 
slough of degradation and debasement 
was an element of civilization unknown 
to ancient India. The Brahman com- 
munity of southern India are not doing 
what the casteless Britisher is doing. I 
do not mean that our cultured Brahmans, 
like the late Sir Madava Row, or the liv- 
ing Sir T. Mutuswamy Iyer, or the Hon- 
orable Seshiah Sastre are a whit less 
sympathetic to them than the most kind- 
hearted Englishman of today. But what 
I do mean is that our organization, as 
the chief caste of the Hindu community, 
does not provide help or means of relief 
for them. We have regular institutions 
all over India for doing charity to Brah- 
mans, but none either inculcated in book 
or practiced by our ancestors to the 
chandalars (i. e., outcastes). The credit 
of going to the houses of the low, the dis- 
tressed, and the dirty, and putting the 
shoulder to the wheel of depraved human- 
ity, belongs to the Englishman." 

This is a striking testimony, and while 
creditable to the frankness of the Brah- 
man who gave it, indicates something of 
the bondage in which the spirit of caste 
has enslaved the spirit of the Hindu peo- 
ple. If only the barrier of caste were 
broken down, how much would be possi- 
ble to the Indian community itself, and 
how much more we^ could do for them 
where now we are restricted in our ac- 
tion. — Indian Methodist Times. 

One of the 

Heavenly Places in Christ Jesus "—Mineral Creek Church, Mo. 
D. L. Mohler, Elder. 


Ida M. Helm 

T F all the members of the Church of the 
* Brethren would take a day and unit- 
edly meditate on the great, the wonder- 
ful, magnificent work of evangelizing 
the world for Christ, then lift their hearts 
and voices with one accord to the loving 
All Father, asking that He be with His 
children and bless them abundantly with 
the gift of the Holy Spirit, and that He 
send out many laborers into His harvest ; 
then if each one would bring out all his 
cash and valuable securities and give as 
the Lord has prospered him, give as Je- 
sus gave to us, give till we feel the giv- 
ing, of our substance, our time, our tal- 
ents — yes, give ourselves for the Master's 
service, what a wonderful awakening 
there would be, what a mighty shaking 
and coming together of dry bones, and 
what a marvelous manifestation of 
the power of God! Unconverted 
men and women would be pricked in their 
hearts, and, as on the day of Pentecost, 
they would say, " Men and brethren, 
what shall we do? " 

In the great world-field a tremendous 
work has been accomplished for the Mas- 
ter, and there is yet an incalculable work 

to be done. See the millions in China, 
Africa, Thibet, and in all heathen lands, 
and the unconverted in our own dear 
land calling to us for help from the 
chains with which sin has bound them. 
The Lord of the harvest needs you and 
me. Excuses will not avail us if we fail 
to do the work unto which He has ap- 
pointed us. Do not say, " There is noth- 
ing I can do." William Carey, the first 
missionary to India from England 
(1793), expressed the true meaning of a 
Christian life. He said : " My business 
is to save souls. I cobble shoes to pay 

The religion of the Gospel of Christ is 
a missionary religion. Oh, that each one 
of us might be filled to overflowing with 
the Spirit that filled the hearts of men 
like Henry M. Stanley. When he ap- 
pealed for missionaries to be sent to 
Uganda, he said : " My heart burns for 
the deliverance of Africa." Or like 
Mellville B. Cox, who was an invalid, 
and had retired from the pastorate before 
he went to Africa. 

" Without strength to preach at home 


The Missionary Visitor 


his heart yearned for the privilege of 
at least laying his body in foreign soil 
that his grave might be one sermon of 
the deathless passion of the Christy . . 
. . However unsuitable physically, he 
was eminently • fit ' in willingness and 
zeal. ' If I die in Africa you must come 
and write my epitaph/ he said to a friend 
before going, ■ I will/ was the answer, 
'but what shall I write?' 'Write/ 
flashed back the prophetic response, 
! Let a thousand fall before Africa be 
given up ' ! " Cox arrived in Liberia 
March 8, 1833, and died July 21 of the 
same year. 

Was his life wasted ? No. Before Cox 
went to Africa the Methodist church had 
been looking for seven years for a suit- 
able person who was willing to go to 
Africa and Cox was appointed as a for- 
lorn hope. After his heroic example 
there was no longer a dearth of volun- 

Adolphus C. Good consecrated his 
" splendid physique to Africa. At the 
root of his plans was faith in the natives 
as well as in the Gospel which was to 
save him. Of his savage parish he said : 
' Out of these rough, unlovely blacks 
might be wrought beautiful images of 
Christ. They are material out of which 
saints may be made/ " Bishop Mac- 
kenzie said, " If I had a thousand lives to 
live, Africa should have them all." 

How thankful we are for our own be- 
loved brethren and sisters, who, filled 
with the Spirit, have so willingly offered 
ALL for Christ and are today giving 
their lives that the Gospel of Christ may 
be preached to every creature in all the 

" Give as you would if an angel 
Awaited your gift at the door; 
Give as you would if tomorrow 
Found you where giving was o'er." 

Ashland, Ohio. 


14, 15 

At 7:15 A. M. the meeting was 
call'ed and Bro. J. J. Yoder led in the 
opening prayer. All the members, name- 
ly, D. L. Miller, president, H. C. Early, 
vice-president, L. W. Teeter, Chas. D. 
Bonsack and J. J. Yoder, were present. 

The secretary reported progress on 
revision of tracts. Some new ones of 
very good merit have been submitted and 
it is hoped that other writers will take 
interest in preparing some good evan- 
gelistic as well as doctrinal tracts. 

The placing of the right kind of books 
in the catalog of the publishing house is 
an important work, and this has been 
assigned to L. A. Plate, J. H. B. Wil- 
liams and Blanche Lentz. 

The need of a fund for educating wor- 
thy young people, whose hearts are set 
on doing mission work for the church 

and who are unable to produce the means 
to prepare themselves, has confronted th( 
Board for a number of years. In con 
formity with the privilege of taking di- 
rect to Standing Committee and Annua 
Meeting any requests that will forwan 
its work the Board is sending this yea; 
this petition: 

"The General Mission Board petition 
Annual Meeting thru Standing Commit 
tee to provide a fund to be used to assis 
in special cases of worthy young peopl 
without means in their preparation fo 
the mission work of the church, tfr 
Conference to say how the fund sha 
be cared for and who shall pass upo: 
the applications for assistance." 

For India work the following measl 
ures were passed: The support of thl 
orphans has been increased from $16 tB 


The Missionary Visitor 


£20 per year for board, shelter, clothing 
ind education. In this transition to 
ligher expense the support of the or- 
gans fell behind and the deficit Rupees 
788 was met from the surplus of the 
General Mission fund in India. To more 
equally bear the burden of support of 
l missionary family the support of the 
vorkers has been made so that a grown 
>erson receives $250 per year and a 
hild $50 per year until six years old, 
nd this amount is then increased to 
100 per year until eighteen, when the 
hild is expected to be self-supporting, 
"wo offers to give some hundreds of 
ollars to start Christian villages in In- 
ia for the benefit of the members of the 
jhurch were gladly accepted. The work- 
Irs in India are instructed to formulate 
lans for this phase of mission and 
ihurch work and report to next meeting 
f the Board, when the plan will be pub- 
shed and donations invited. 
At the suggestion of Elder Daniel 
Hays, chairman of the Tract Examining 
'ommittee, there will be a union meeting 
f the General Mission Board and the 
"ract Examining Committee some time 
uring the Conference at Harrisonburg. 
j Sweden. — Bro. Peterson, a minister 
ving near Stockholm, made a strong 
', lea to open a mission in Finland. The 
icretary is to gather further informa- 
on concerning the outlook and report 
) next meeting. On the matter of sup- 
; ort for the ensuing year the Board 
I ranted Kroners 5,000. This is a re- 
liction over preceding year and is made 
i ith the hope the membership there will 
I irow more effort into the work them- 

I 'Ives. 

Denmark. — The request from Den- 
mark that a tract examining committee 

I I Denmark should pass on tracts was 
nt granted, and they were instructed 
1 iat tracts would have to be translated 
; id passed upon by the Tract Examining 
: ommittee appointed by Annual Meet- 

ig. The support for the work granted 
i«>r the year is Kroners 1,800, of which 
jr. 200 is for special work in Thy. 

A petition from a member of a con- 
gregation in a State district somewhat 
isolated, to be taken under the care of 
the General Board, was not granted. It is 
to be regreted that some District Boards 
are not more active, more interested in 
the work over which they have been ap- 
pointed. Nevertheless, in the very con- 
stitution of things, it is not wise for the 
General Board to take up such points. 
The General Board is still further from 
these points and cannot give these places 
direct personal supervision and there 
is more hope of a District Board being 
able to do such work intelligently than 
the General Board on this account. If 
the District Board is negligent, the mem- 
ber or congregation can appeal to the 
elders of the district. If they will not 
heed the petition he or it can be heard 
by the Standing Committee. And mem- 
bers are urged to conform to this line 
of procedure to meet their needs. An- 
nual Meeting made a wise provision when 
it said that District Boards were to look 
after the work comprised in their terri- 
tory and the General Board is to direct 
the work outside of organized territory. 

No business from China coming be- 
fore the Board no action was taken at 
this meeting. The missionaries are mak- 
ing splendid progress in the mastery of 
the language and when this is completed 
more nearly there will be more to say 
and do. 

The business manager and editors of 
the several papers came before the Board 
and made reports on their part of the 
publishing interests. It was decided to 
get out this coming fall a doctrinal num- 
ber of the Messenger. The Sunday- 
school editor and secretary are appointed 
to provide second-year teacher-training 
course for Sunday-school teachers. Bro. 
Trout reported progress on the special 
graded Sunday-school lessons. 

Eld. I. J. Rosenberger has prepared 
two manuscripts and the same were con- 
sidered by the Board. The one called 
" Bible Readings " is referred to the Gish 
Publishing Committee, and the other on 


The Missionary Visitor 


Spiritualism to the Tract Examining 

Bro. Grant Mahan, being absent from 
the States and his time expiring on the 
Gish Publishing Committee, J. H. B. Wil- 
liams of Elgin, Illinois, was appointed 
in his place. 

It was decided to have two speakers 
at the missionary meeting at Annual 
Meeting, each to occupy twenty to twen- 
ty-five minutes. 

Elder S. N. McCann feels that while 
work among the churches in many ways 
is pleasant, he should settle down to 
some church work at some particular 
place. He is given this privilege and re- 
leased from obligation to the Board at 
such time as he thinks best. The Board 
greatly appreciates his untiring and ear- 
nest efforts among the churches. 

It has come under the notice of the 
Board that there were members who 
would be glad to give sums of $100 or 
more to mission work on the annuity 
plan, the amount after their death to be 
used for missions instead of endowment. 
The Board instructed the treasurer to 
provide bonds to meet this need. Under 
this provision an individual can execute 
his will while living and retain the in- 
come during life. At death the amount 
will not be kept as endowment, but placed 
in the mission fund and used as rapidly 
as the needs of the Board demand. 

Adrian Pellet's report on the work in 
France was read and passed on for print- 
ing in the Annual Report. 

The secretary was directed to secure 
a missionary worker for Cuba if pos- 
sible in time for Annual Meeting ap- 

A petition to support a work among 
the colored people in Denver, Colo., al- 
ready begun in such a self-sacrificing and 
noble spirit, was listened to with favor 
and the District Board of Northwestern 
Kansas and Colorado are asked to report' 
further on this work. 

A strong plea from the District Board 
of Arkansas that such weak districts as 
theirs could have more direct and con- 

tinued support from the General Board 
than the latter has been able to give here- 
tofore, was carefully considered. While 
there was no plan presented that would 
relieve the situation, it is hoped that one 
will be submitted by some member oi| 
the Board before long. 

Since the church and parsonage ir 
Brooklyn, N. Y., is completed the Boarc: 
requests a complete financial statemen 
of the entire fund from the building 

Our publishing interests are an im| 
portant factor of our church life 
many are not acquainted with it as the 
should be. Hence the Board has aske 
the Committee of Arrangements to pre 
vide each year a period when some or 
representing the Publishing House ma 
address the Conference on our publishirj 

The Board greatly feels the need < 
suitable men to work among tl 
churches, developing missionary sen 
ment, and soliciting money for its va: 
ous funds. Appointments were ma 
and acceptance is taken under advis 
ment to be announced later. 

The following districts were helped 

their work: 

Southern Indiana, $500 

Southern California, 400 

Northwestern Ohio, 200 

Oregon, Washington and Idaho, . . 500 
Northwestern Kansas and Colorado, 500 
Northern Iowa and South Dakota,.. 650 

Oklahoma, 200 

Northern Indiana, 100 

Arkansas, 50C 

North Carolina, ' 300 

Middle Iowa, . . ; 250 

Northern Missouri, 500 

Total, $4,60C 

Mt. Garfield congregation in Color; I 
was granted a church loan of $1,50C| 
be paid back in five annual installme 
without interest. 

Two petitions to canvass the Brotll 
hood to complete their meetinghc 
were declined for the following rease 
So many persons want this prrvi! 
until the churches are becoming discd 
aged in giving and the calls are w\ 

(Continued on Page 172.) 

The Missionary Visitor 




(For Six Little Girls.) 
piis is a funny fruit, you see. 
t did not grow on any tree, 
kit it has seeds which rattle round; 
ust hear the merry, cheery sound! 

(All rattle mite boxes.) 

Ve cannot eat the seeds, you know, 
Lnd in our gardens they'll not grow; 
Jut yet, they'll grow in other lands 
Vhen planted by our faithful hands. 

Tow, shall I tell this riddle queer? 
'ennies and dimes are found in here, 
^hese are the seeds we try to sow, 
Uid wondrous things from them will 

lometimes a school in China starts 
r rom what we sow with willing hearts. 
Sometimes a baby's life we save, 
vnd then how glad we are we gave! 

"hen, out in India — you should see 
"he little girls as small as we 
>re shut within zenana walls, 
Vhere scarce a ray of sunlight falls. 

iut even there these seeds will grow, 
'he flowers and fruit are sure, if slow, 
rod cares for that — He sees the need, 
Ve only have to sow the seed. 

lo soil so hard, so dry, so cold, 
ut we will gain a hundredfold, 

f this good seed we scatter wide 
hat it may fall on every side. 

(In concert.) 
"hen help us fill these boxes small; 
ennies we're sure to get from all. 

— The Mission Dayspring. 


it if the little Jewish lad, 
bat summer day had failed to go 
/n to the lake, because he had 
small a store of loaves to show? 

ie press is great," he might have said. 
For food the thronging people call: 
ily have five loaves of bread, 
tid what are they among them all?" 

back the mother's word might come, 
er coaxing hand upon his hair, 
t go; for they may comfort some 
nong the hungry children there." 

So to the lake-side forth he went, 
Bearing the scant supply he had; 

And Jesus, with an eye intent, 
Through all the crowds, beheld the lad. 

And saw the loaves and blessed them. Then 
Beneath His hand the marvel grew; 

He brake and blessed and brake again; 
The loaves were neither small nor few! 

For, as you know, it came to pass 
That hungry thousands there were fed, 

While sitting on the fresh, green grass, 
From that one basketful of bread. 

If from his home the lad that day 

His five small loaves had failed to take, 

Would Christ have wrought — can you say, 
That miracle beside the lake? 

— Exchange. 


Will you not pray for us? Each day we 

Your prayers, for oft the way is rough 

and long, 
And our lips falter and forget their song, 
As we proclaim the Word men will not 


Will you not pray for us? Alone we stand 
To stem the awful tide of sin and shame, 
To cast out demons in the mighty Name 
Which is alone the hope of every land. 

Pray, pray for us! We are but vessels 

The world's appalling need would crush 
us down 

Save that in vision we behold the crown 

Upon His brow who shall at length pre- 

Not yet the crowning! Fields must first 

be won, 
Lives freely yielded, martyr blood be 

Love cast out fear, redemption blot out 

Ere we behold the Kingdom of God's Son. 

We shall behold it! Lo, His Word stands 

Our King shall triumph in a world set 

With joy His chosen ones His reign shall 

Pray for us, brother, that we may endure! 
— The Baptist Missionary Herald of En- 


The Missionary Visitor 


What Dora Said. 

NO, I won't be president, or secre- 
tary, or anything else. I'm not go- 
ing to the band any more. Why ? Well, 
Ida Pettibone, I should think you could 
see for yourself. I'm too old. I've got 
my dresses 'way down to the top of my 
boots, and mama says I'm tall enough to 
be a young lady. I shall be fifteen my 
next birthday; and do you think I want 
to stay in a society with little kids seven 
or eight years old ? Just because I can cut 
out patchwork and make fancy things and 
help when there's an entertainment, Miss 
Forrest thinks I ought to work always, I 
suppose; but I think I've done my part. 
-Some of the high school girls saw me 
in the street with the children after the 
last meeting, and they wanted to know 
if I went to a baby school. Just think of 
it! Do you suppose I'd go after that? 
It doesn't need to make any difference 
with the rest of you ; perhaps you don't 
care what people say ; but I do. I know 
I'm too old for that band ; so it's settled, 
and I shan't go any more." 

What Ida Said. 

" I've just been to see Dora, mama, and 
she isn't going to the band any more. 
She says she's too old. Gray hair? Why, 
no ! Now you're making fun. But she's 
got her dresses to the top of her boots, 
and she'll be fifteen next winter. I'm 
past fourteen ; and if she's too old, I am. 
And so are Maud Lake and Lou Whit- 
tlesy. They're every bit as old as Dora 
is. I just know they won't go near the 
meeting if she doesn't. Oh, isn't she 
mean? We've had such good times in 
our society. Oh, dear! I can't help 
crying; and I know Miss Forrest will 
feel awfully; and Dora is certainly to 
blame for all the trouble." 

What Miss Forrest Said. 
" Yes, Dora went first ; and then my 
three best girls followed. The twelve- 
year-olds went next; and one by one 
the little girls got discouraged and left. 

Dora went because she thought she was 
too old to be in a mission band. I told 
her we would call it something elsel 
but she said it would be just the same. 
I'm afraid she never really felt that she 
was working for Jesus. I talked with herj 
about those poor little wives and widows 
in India, who never can have a free, 
happy girlhood, and begged her to be a 
girl as long as she could; but she was 
so absorbed in some new clothes she is 
having made that she had no mind for 
anything else. I never thought one of 
my girls would be a clothes worshiper.) 
I have given time and strength to them I 
believing that if they became interested! 
in working for others while they wenj 
young they would be unselfish, helpful 
women by and by. They seemed so inl 
terested in our little girl in India ! Nov! 
I must write that we cannot support he| 
any longer." 

What the Missionary Said. 
"Little Munni's school days ar 
ended for the present, I fear; for th 
secretary writes me that the band whic 
has supported her is dead. I don't suj 
pose the girls themselves are all deaq 
but they must have a very good reasc 
for giving up such work as this. Po< 
little Munni! She is doing so well 
can't bear to send her back to her wretc 
ed home. But the secretary writes th 
their receipts have fallen off this ye 
and they dare not promise to make 
any lack in special work. Some oth 
bands and auxiliaries are dead, I su 
pose ; so the money hasn't come in. £ 
me, the people at home count their d 
lars, and we count precious souls! 
wish they could feel the weight of t 
work for one day as we do. I wi 
those bright, happy girls in Ameri 
could know what it means when they 
a society die. If they could only 
little Munni's pleading eyes! Well, 
things now are, I must send her ba 
to her poor mother."— L. A. S., in Twe 
Around the World Stories. Sel. by A% 
Lesh. . 


The Missionary Visitor 


Editorial Comment 


([ Wherefore, my beloved brethren, be 
e stedfast, unmovable, always abound- 
ng in the work of the Lord, forasmuch 
s ye know that your labor is not in 
-ain in the Lord. 1 Cor. 15 : 58. 

[[ A superficial view of the experiences 
f life, measured with this scripture, 
vrould lead one to conclude that the 
postle did not know what he was talk- 
ig about, or that he directly contradicted 
tie efforts of many. Have we not 
earned for laborers, have we not striven, 
nd has it not all appeared to be in vain ? 
low often one might say of his efforts, 
urely the Master puts no value upon 
hem, for with all our striving, we are 
indered and accomplish comparatively 
othing. What does it mean? 

[[ Well, look at the text again. Is it 
ossible that we have been laying stress 
pon " always abounding in the work," 
/hen the real stress of the text rests 
in the work of the Lord " ? Perhaps 
he most done by us has been OUR 
/ork and not the Lord's work. And 
urely we all know that even if the Lord 
rizes our lives most highly our work 
5 of little worth either to God or man 
—is but skimming the merest surface 
f human needs and God's purposes. 

H This point is beautifully illustrated 
/hen Paul wanted to send a true worker 
o the Philippian church. He was in 
tome. He cast about in that member- 
hip and found but a single person to 
vhom he could trust the charge. " I 
ope," writes he to the Philippians, " in 
'he Lord Jesus to send Timothy shortly 
into you, that I also may be of good 
omfort, when I know your state. For 
have no man likeminded, who will care 

truly (or genuinely, R. V". margin) for 
your state. For they all seek their own, 
not the things of Jesus Christ. But ye 
know the proof of him, that, as a child 
serveth a father, so he served with me 
in furtherance of the gospel." Philpp. 
2: 19-22. The apostle recognized the 
impossibility of caring for the interests 
of the church — abounding in the work 
of the Lord and at the same time seek 
our own. 

C Because of this conflict a loving Fa- 
ther sends such things into our lives 
as break up and bring to naught the hard 
and earnest labor of many who believe 
they are working for Him. Perhaps the 
most difficult lesson of life to learn is 
that our own efforts as such, our own 
purposes, our own ideals, are of little or 
no service to God, and that we must 
cast them all aside and be as nothing in 
His hands if we are to succeed for Him. 

C The teaching of the vine and the 
branches urges this same truth when it 
declares that there must be absolute abid- 
ing in order to bear fruit. This absolute 
abiding will always cause us to " abound 
in the work of the Lord." There is no 
uncertainty here. " He that abideth in 
me, and I in him, the same beareth 
much fruit." Furthermore, all our chas- 
tening and thwarting of plans is but 
God's pruning in order that we bear 
fruit, " more fruit." 

C Here then is daylight on what often 
seems dark. God's pruning knife, which 
so often seems to make havoc of our la- 
bors, is intended to draw us closer to 
Him, the Vine, with the assurance that 
thereby we shall bear " more fruit," 
" much fruit." Yea, verily, the fruit in- 


The Missionary Visitor 



creases unto the end. For again it is 
written : " The righteous shall flourish 
like a palm tree . . . they shall bring 
forth fruit in old age; they shall be full 
of sap and green ; to show that the Lord 
is upright." 

C Is it then too much to conclude that 
we are often tempted to substitute labor 
for prayer, or labor first, and if we have 
time to pray afterwards? Or is it not a 
fact that WE plan, propose and map out 
and then ask God to bless, when the di- 
vine order is that we pray much and then 
do the work which God has planned for 
us rather than what we ourselves might 
choose? Work should be the outcome 
of prayer. 

C This is of value to every Christian, 
whether a missionary on the field, or a 
laborer in the home church. Often one 
becomes over-abounding in the work of 
the church — overloaded is another. way 
of putting it — when prayer would quiet 
his mind and body and help him to see 
that his labors are greatly lessened and 
simplified and are not more than he 
should normally do. Or perchance his 
zeal for success is more that the church 
may credit him with success than that it 
is for the glory of God, and again the 
Lord withholds the blessing and seeks to 
teach the better way. 

C F- H. Crumpacker writes that if the 
young people of any live church at home 
really knew one-half of the entire blank- 
ness of these lives many of them would 
leave the old family tree and come to the 
rescue. He refers to the Chinamen, 
about them and there can be no doubt 
but a great door and effectual has been 
opened to them. Is the adversary found 
to be, not opposition on the field but 
indifference at home? 

C The Chicago Christian Workers' So- 
ciety sent Bro. Geo. W. Hilton $11.71 
to use as he thinks best for the kingdom 
in China. Bro. Hilton has decided it 
shall be the beginning of a fund for buy- 
ing and distributing tracts and Gospels. 
Rarely is a scripture given to the Chinese. 

Instead they sell them, the price re 
ceived being about seven cash or one. 
third of a cent in gold, for a single Gos 

C This is a day of much tract distribuio 
tion. Political parties know its valu 
and push it to the limit. Merchants knoi 
its value and do likewise. And if th 
children of the light were as enthusiai 
tic about the kingdom as the children c 
the world were after theirs, tracts woul 
be going far and wide everywhere b 
every one. The following is a list c 
missionary leaflets sent out for the doub 
purpose of a message to the reader a£ 
a forerunner to the Missionary Visito: 
We wish that some one in every congr 
gation would make liberal use of the: 
leaflets. They are for free distributic 
and may be had in any quantity. Ord 
by number. 

No. Wanted 

. 1001 The Key. 

1002 Won't Hold Water. 

1003 The Problem. 

. 1004 Can Do. 

1005 Back to Stones. 

1006 Helps to Intercession. 

1007 The Difference. 

1008 Who Gives the Gold. 

1009 When the Deacon Talked 

1010 Apostle Paul as Example of 

Missionary Collector. 

1011 Uncle Jerry's Conversion. 

1012 Six Bible Pacts Concerning 

Heathen. A Bible Reading. . 
1013 Does the Tenth Belong to I 

1014 Choked Channels in the Pra; 


». . 1015 Chapters of Pure Gold. 

1016 Open Doors. 

1017 And It Grew. 

1018 The Sin of Covetousness. 

Bible Reading. 

1019 Does God Call Me? 



Elgin, Illinois 

C The Rev. J. Calvert, missionary to 1 
Fiji Islands, gives no uncertain sou 
on the value of missionary work, and 
every member had had his experiei 
every one would be as self-sacrificii 
He writes : " When I arrived in the I 
Islands my first duty was to bury the 
mains of eighty victims whose bodies 1 
been roasted and eaten in a canni 
feast. I lived to see some of those w 
had taken part in that human feast ga 
ered about the Lord's table, and memb 
of the church." Wonderful ! Yet th 


The Missionary Visitor 


e among the " greater works " which 
e church today is permitted to do for 
e Master. In 1835 not a Christian in 
ji; today over 50,000 or the islands 
ore Christian in population than the 
nited States. 

Eld. S. N. McCann has been doing 
me very effectual work for missions 

his trip among the churches. Many 

the members have responded liberally 
his solicitations for funds for the vari- 
is departments. He is authorized to 
ake contracts for endowment to be paid 

or before death, to accept money on 
i annuity plan, or direct mission dona- 
ms. He is aware that members do not 
ways realize the opportunity offered 
em and afterwards must write to the 
ice and ask to have our solicitor come 
und for they are ready now to donate, 
e cannot always send the solicitor, but 
you are thinking of giving any money 
>ng these lines, just write the office 
iat you are thinking of doing and it 
11 be glad to send proposed contracts 
r your inspection without delay. 

One district mission board writes and 
/s that in its efforts to secure mission- 
/ preachers for the district work, near- 
all the applicants are rejected be- 
use they use tobacco. What news ! ! ! 
link of a minister of the Gospel preach- 
j the good news of salvation, and so 
ak in moral make-up that he patronizes 
; most effectual introduction to the 
i of liquor! Think of one claiming to 
?ach the Gospel and as steward of 
d's bounty, waste some portion of his 
ssings in such a way ! Think of a 
iacher wanting to go to the frontier in 
district mission field, to proclaim 
ainst sin and all uncleanness and him- 
f be stained with that which makes 
clean ! Brethren, it may be a prudent 
arse to permit you in the ministry who 
i tobacco to live out your days in the 
dst of a strong body of members where 
ur example is largely overshadowed 
the clean part of the congregation, 
t it will never do to have you take up 
ipost on the frontier anywhere. Per- 

haps, too, this may be the reason why 
your services are not greatly needed at 
home. Have not the few remaining to- 
bacco users in the ministry of the Breth- 
ren church moral courage enough and 
command of their appetites sufficiently 
that they will throw off this yoke of 
bondage and be free servants of the 
Lord? Do it for Christ's sake. 
C If any one is in doubt about the good 
results of spreading the Gospel thru col- 
onization just let him study the table of 
the growth of the church by congrega- 
tions as given in the following list of 
frontier States and State districts : 


Northern California, 
Southern California, 
North Dakota, 

1889 1899 1909 

None 5 13 

6 6 9 

None 4 9 

None None 8 

2 8 13 

? 11 23 

8 34 75 

Some pessimist may say that this has 
been done to the detriment of the older 
churches. There may be instances, too, 
where this is true, but in such places the 
fault rested with the congregation and 
not the colonists. Had the former shown 
proper courage and determination emi- 
grations would be a blessing to those be- 
hind in bringing out latent talent and 
putting it to work. The blessing to 
the colonists cannot be measured. 

C A sister sends in $100 for endowment 
on the annuity plan and makes these re- 
marks : " I am happy at having found 
such a good place where my money may 
be working for the Lord right along. 
The one-tenth of my income I give to 
the Lord and the rest I use to help my 
aged father and myself. I am a nurse; 
so the more work I have the more I 
can give to God and the happier I am." 

C A brother wants to know what is re- 
quired to join the " Tenth Band." All 
that is required is that a member promise 
himself and his God that from hence- 
forth he will set apart at least one-tenth 
of his income and distribute it for Chris- 
tian purposes ; that he will look upon this 
tenth as " holy " and use it only for the 


The Missionary Visitor 



promotion of the Master's kingdom. The 
band requires no enrollment save the 
consecration enrollment in heaven. The 
Board believes, however, that as the band 
grows the income for general missions 
will greatly increase. 

C Here is a list of questions pub- 
lished first in the Canadian Churchman, 
which the Visitor would very much like 
each reader to answer honestly in the 
light of eternity: 

1. Does my life please God? 

2. Is there anyone I can forgive? 

3. Am I studying my Bible daily? 

4. Am I enjoying my Christian life? 

5. Have I ever won a soul to Christ? 

6. How much time do I spend in pray- 

7. Am I trying to bring my friends to 

8. Have I ever had a direct answer 
to prayer? 

9. Is there anything I cannot give up 
for Christ? 

10. Just where am I making my great- 
est mistake ? 

11. Am I doing anything I would con- 
demn in others? 

12. How does my life look to those 
who are not Christians? 

13. Is the world being made better or 
worse by my living in it? 

14. Have I ever tried giving one-tenth 
of my income to the Lord? 

C "We appreciate the Missionary 
Visitor very much and am so glad for 
the opportunity given to send it to others 
on the one dollar plan. I am sure if 
the Visitor is carefully and prayerfully 
read it will bring consecrated men and 
women into the great mission work; 
and besides, it will open the purse strings 
as they have never been opened. The 
first piece in the last number is more 

than worth the price of the paper. Sure- 
ly, when we have read of ' How the En- 
emies' Walls Are Falling,' and in a slight 
degree realize what opportunities art 
opening before us, we should be driver 
to our knees to ask God to help us to dc 
our very best in embracing these oppor- 

" Much more I should like to say abou 
the Visitor, but time will not permit 
This much, I feel it is growing bettei 
and better, and I pray that it may con 
tinue to do so, and if the editor witl 
the readers needs more bufferings anc 
sore trials to make them more Christlike 
Lord, send them. Whether by water o 
by fire, no matter how, if only sin di 
out in me." — Extract from letter of Mr± 
S. B. Miller, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Marc* 
19, 1909- 


(Continued from Page 166.) 

Some of the soliciting has been done 
- a very expensive manner. 

The building fund is ready to loa 
these churches without interest on eas 
annual return payments. 

It is more blessed for the congregatic 
in most instances at least to bring tr 
fruitage of their labors forth in a place < 
worship. It is an incentive of continuoi 
labor for the Master and begets enthi 
siasm in the work for Him. 

Hence the Board wishes it known th; 
the calls sent broadcast over the Brothe 
hood, save the few in the past, give 
authority thru the Messenger, are witl 
out its sanction, and the churches do n< 
comply with Annual Meeting $decisic 
in this particular when they take' up co 
lections for such calls. 

The meeting continued till Thursds 
noon. Bro. L. W. Teeter went hon 


The Missionary Visitor 


Thursday morning on account of his 
wife's ill health. The spirit of the meet- 
ing thruout was splendid, and the dispo- 
sition to reach out and do more aggres- 
sive work was more manifest than for 
some time past. The next regular meet- 

ing of the Board will be in August, tho 
a called meeting will be held at Harrison- 
burg to consider urgent matters that 
will come up by that time. 

Galen B. Royer, 
Secretary and Treasurer. 




In Illinois there are fifty counties in 
which, prior to the local option elections 
of last year, the number of saloons per 
100,000 population did not exceed 100. 
This includes the six counties having no 
saloons. There are thirty counties in 
which the saloons, per 100,000 popula- 
tion, ranged from 100 to 200. There are 
twenty-two counties in which the saloons 
per 100,000 population were 200 or more. 

The following table classifies these 

counties and gives a birdseye view of 
how saloons populate the jails, peniten- 
tiaries, insane asylums and almshouses 
and decrease the attendance of the pub- 
lic schools. 

At the bottom a comparison is made 
between the six dry counties and the six 
wettest counties in the State, these twelve 
counties being also included in the main 
table : 

— The Illinois Issue. 


(Saloons per 100,000) 



> 5 rtrH £ OH 

»2 3§ 

XI o 

£ v oo" : 

« ■£> Oo 

(U.— i o 

rt wo 

H-T3 w o 

a a, 

C V 

5 5 


W u 

tfl CO 

•»i O, 


B J^r- 

< u5T3 

C C 

Class 1 

0-100 Saloons per 100,000 
(50 Counties) 


Class 2 

100-200 Saloons per 100,000 
(30 Counties) 














Class 3 

200 or more Saloons per 100,000 
(22 Counties) 








Six Dry Counties 







Six Wettest Counties 









The Missionary Visitor 


Financial Report 


I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren ...Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in 
their' charter." And Thereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 
Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within months alter my 


I also give, beqeueath, and devise to thz General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified m their charter. 


If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor— if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with ihe care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
'of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as wi 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security, hull 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 




World Wide, $ 951 39 

India 498 03 

Brooklyn M. H., . . 24 25 
Miscellaneous, ... 10 25 

March Apr.-March Apr.-March 

1909 1908 1909 

$1,177 82 $17,154 61 $11,161 98 $5,992 63 

576 99 4,187 22 3,730 48 456 74 

12 00 2,010 66 287 17 1,723 49 

113 11 413 87 658 64 

$1,483 92 $1,879 92 $23,766 36 $15,838 27 $7,928 09 


$ 244 7; 

Bicentennial, 2,016 78 

6,663 78 31,180 23 

$3,500 70 $1,879 92 $30,430 14 $47,018 50 

$24,516 45 
$16,588 36 

During the month of March the General 
Mission Board sent out 95,809 pages of tracts. 

The $25 donation credited in the February 
Visitor in World-Wide donations to J. T. 
Workman should have been credited to the 
Danville Congregation. 

The $15 credited in the March Visitor, un- 
der World-Wide receipts, to Ivester Congre- 
gation, Iowa, should have been credited to 
Grundy County Congregation. 

The Brethren's General Mission Board ac- 
knowledges the receipt of the following dona- 
tions for the month of March, 1909: 

Iowa — $643 .95u 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Waterloo, $35; Grundy County, 

$32.16 $ 


S. Beeghley 

Middle District, Congregation. 


Individuals. \ 

Isabel Ann Sanders, $500; Joseph 
Newcomer, $7.29; G. B. Replogle, 
$2.50; Mrs. S. B. Stonerook, $1; I. W. 
Brubaker (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 
Southern District, Congregation. 

English River 1 


Elizabeth Gable 

Pennsylvania — $316.08. 

Eastern District, Congregations. 

Spring Creek, $44.05; Coventry, 
$36.67; Chickies, $28.27; West Green 
Tree, $28.00; Ridgely, $20.41; Little 
Swatara, $15; Conestoga, $13; Mount- 
ville, $11.95; West Conestoga, $11.25; 
Springville, $10.62; Peach Blossom, 

$4.87; Spring Grove, $3.95, 

Sunday Schools. 

Ridgely, $11.16; Coventry, $10, 


67 16 
10 00 

29 00 

511 29 
16 50 

10 00 

228 04 
21 16 

"A Sister in the Master's Vine- 
yard," $5; S. S. Lint, $3; Ella G. 
Famous, $2; Henry R. Gibbel, $1.20, $ 
Southern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Shallenberger, 

$5; "A Sister," $2, 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Lewistown, $7.65; Spring Run, $3.88, 
Individuals. _ 

Anna H. Sell, $2; Washington 

Strauser, $1 

Western District, Individuals. 

Dillon M. Stouffer, $10.65; J. W. 
Spicher, $10; D. L. Miller, $6; S. L. 
Fyock and wife, $5; Ira Bechtel, $1; 
Mrs. Ellen Long, $1; 'A Sister," 50 


Indiana — $68.45w 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Springfield, $14; Yellow Creek, $9.85, 

Thomas Cripe, $5; R. Trimmer, $2; 
John Huntington, $1; Peter Troup, 
$1; M. Clyde Horst (Marriage No- 
tice), 50 cents 

Middle District, Congregation. 

North Manchester 

Sunday School. 

Burnetts Creek 

Individuals. _ ^. 

Lottie Hummel, $1; J. G. Stme- 
baugh (Marriage Notice), 50 cents,.. 
Southern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. Ollie L. Cross, $2; Sarah 

Kinder, $1 

Ohio — $50.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Wolf Creek, 

Individuals. , _ „ 

'A Brother," $9.60; Lucmda Stauffer, 
$2.40; S. B. Christian, $1.20; D. P. 
Sollenberger (Marriage Notice), 50 

cents, 1 

. Kansas — $33.50. 
Northeastern District, Individuals. 

11 20 

7 00 
11 53 

3 00 

















13 71 


The Missionary Visitor 


J. T. Kinzie and wife, $5; T. A. 
Eisenbise (Marriage Notices), $1.50, $ 
Southeastern District, Individual. 

E. E. Joyce (Marriage Notice), ... 
Southwestern District, Individuals. 

Eliza Flack, $25; Tena Glathart, 
$1; E. Frantz (Marriage Notice), 50 


Virginia — $20.97. 

First District, Individuals. 

Fannie D. Kennett, $1; Willie F. 

Vest, $1 

Second District, Individuals. 

"A Brother and Sister," $12.30; 
Susan J. Ritchie, $5; Ollie May Good, 

$1.17; J. H. Rolston, 50 cents, 

Illinois— $10.72. 

Northern District, Congregation. 

Pine Creek 


"A Sister," $1; J. F. Butterbaugh, 
47 cents; Clement J. Sell, 25 cents, . . 
North Dakota — $10.50. 

Maurice Snowberger, $9; Bertha 
Allan (Marriage Notices), $1; Luther 
Shatto (Marriage Notice), 50 cents 
"West Virginia— -$8.00. 
First District, Individual. 

Catherine Harper, 

Missouri — $5.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

Mrs. E. Reddick, $3; L. and A. J. 

Rhodes, $2 

Florida- — $3.50. 

Mrs. W. L. Keef er, 

Tennessee — $3.15. 

Pleasant Hill 


L. C. Klepper 

Minnesota — $1 .50. 

Mrs. Susie Hahn, $1; J. F. Souders 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents 

Maryland— ^$1. 50. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

W. H. Swan 

Colorado — $0.50. 

C. A. Shank (Marriage Notice), . . 
Washington — $0.50. 

S. H. Miller (Marriage Notice), .. 

6 50 

26 50 

2 00 

18 97 

9 00 

1 72 


















Total for the month $1,177 82 

Previously received 9,984 16 








Total for the year, $11,161 98 

Pennsylvania — $147.63. 

Eastern District, Sunday School. 

Lancaster City 

Lancaster Missionary and Benevo- 
lent Society, 

Southern District, Individual. 

Miss Bessie Rohrer 

Middle District. 

Altoona Aid Society 

Alice E. Long's Sunday-school class, 

New Enterprise Missionary and 

Temperance Association, 


Miss Mabel E. Doolev, $20; David 
Koones, $20; Four Sisters, $20; " C. 

X." $4 

Western District, Individual. 

A Sister," 

Illinois — $66.50. 
Northern District. 

Sterling Christian Workers, 

Yellow Creek Infant Class 


'A Sister," 

Ohio — $64.00. 

Northeastern District. Aid Societies. 

I Canton Sisters, $40; Maple Grove, 


Northwestern District, Individuals. 

Walnut Grove Sunday-school Chil- 
dren. $5; Mrs. Hattie Bame, $2; 

^. M. Rittenhouse, $1 8 00 

7irginia— $50.35. 






40 00 

56 00 

First District. 

Daleville Home Department $ 16 00 

Primary and Juvenile Classes, 
Troutville Sunday School 4 00 

Topeco Infant Class 2 35 

Second District, Aid Societies. 

Pleasant Valley Sisters, $20; Tim- 

berville Sisters, $8 28 00 

Kansas — $36.00. 
Northeastern District. 

Morrill Christian Workers 16 00 

Southwestern District, Individuals. 

J. D. Yoder and wife 20 00 

Maryland— -$36.00. 
Eastern District. 

Hagerstown Y. P. Missionary So- 
ciety , 20 00 


Mrs. Annie Schindle, 16 00 

District of Columbia — $20.00. 

Annie M. Shirey 20 00 

North Dakota— $20.00. 

Williston 20 00 

New Mexico— $20.00. 

"A Brother and Sister," 20 00 

Idaho — $18.00. 
Sunday School. 

Boise Valley, 8 00 


D. Harry Pressel, 10 00 

Michigan— $16.0©. 

Primary Class. Woodland 16 00 

Indiana — $16.00. 

Southern District, Christian Workers. 

Middle Fork, 16 00 

California — $10.00. 

Santa Ana Y. P. Mission Band, ... 10 00 
Iowa — $5.00. 
Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 5 00 

Mis s ouri — $5 . 00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. Jennie K. Phillips 5 00 

Nebraska — $5.00. 

Bethel Sunday School, 5 00 

Total for the month . $ 535 48 

Previously received i 1,612 45 

Total for the year, $2,147 93 


Iowa — $15.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

"A Brother," ..$ 10 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 5 00 

Virginia — $14.26. 

First District, Sunday School. 

Oak Grove, 14 26 

Indiana — $10.00. 

Middle District. Individuals. 

John and Catharine Utley, $5; 

Ida L. Sink. $5 .' 10 00 

Maryland — $1.25. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

W. H. Swan 125 

North Carolina — $ 1 .00. 

A. B. Coker 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 41 51 

Previously received 742 49 

Total for the year, $ 784 00 

California — $16.61. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Inglewood, $ 16 61 

Iowa — $15.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

"A Brother," 10 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable, 5 00 

Oklahoma — $10.00. 

C. C. Clark, $ 10 00 

Pennsylvania— $10.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday School. 

Coventry 10 00 

Total for the month $ 5161 


The Missionary Visitor 


Previously received $ 350 07 

Total for the year $ 401 68 


Iowa — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Elizabeth Gable $ 5 uu 

North Dakota — $5.00. 

Individual. nA 

Barbara Brown, » uu 

Virginia — $2.00. 

Second District, Individual. 

I. N. Zigler 2 00 

Total for the month $ 12 00 

Previously received ^ '5 iy 

Total for the year $ 287 19 

Iowa — $17.00. 
Northern District, Individuals. 

" Two Sisters," $ It 00 

Southern District. 

Elizabeth Gable, 5 00 

West Virginia — $1.50. 
First District, Individual. 

Nan A. Breakiron, 1 50 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 
Western District, Individual. 

"A Sister," ••• 1 °° 

Total for the month $ 19 50 

Previously received, 21 75 

Total for the year $ 41 25 

Iowa-— $5.00. 

Individual. „ _ _ A 

Elizabeth Gable, $ 5 00 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

G. W. Kephart, 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 6 00 

Previously received, 97 13 

Total for the year, . .i $ 103 13 

North Dakota, — $25.00. 
Individual. „_ 

A. B. Puterbaugh, :• . $ ^5 UU 

Illinois — $1.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

"A Sister," • • •__ 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 26 00 

Previously received, . 18 00 

Total for the year $ 44 00 

Pennsylvania — $10.00. 

Middle District. „ rt Art 

Clover Creek Missionary Society, $ 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Previously received, 2 00 

Total for the year, $ 12 00 


There have been received at the office of the 
treasurer the following contributions during 
the month of March: . 

Indiana. — A. W. Eikenberry, Flora, $1.65; 
John Defries, Milford, $1; Harvey Kreider, 
South Whitley, $2.50; Emery Miller, Hunting- 
ton, $1; William Weaver, Plymouth, $5. Total, 

Pennsylvania. — D. R. Berkey, Marion Cen- 
ter, $2.50; Zella C. Book, Blain, $2.88; A. E. 
Beck, Loganton, $7; Bertha Steinberger, Mait- 
land, $2.65. Total, $15.03. 

Kansas. — B. S. Katherman, Lawrence, $1; 
Frank Hoover, Sabetha, $5; Josephine Eisen- 
bise, Quinter, 80 cents. Total, $6.80. 

North Dakota. — Eli A. Stauffer, York, $3; 
H. C. McCann, Sylvester, $4.25. Total, $7.25. 

Ohio. — Frank S wander, Latty, $2.50. 

Illinois. — J. Price Heckman, Polo, $6.10. 

Iowa. — A. L. Sears, Garden Grove, $15.00. 

West Virginia.— J. W. Williamson, Hedge- 
ville, $1. 

Minnesota. — Mrs. Meda L. Fowler, Worth- 
ington, 10 cents. 

California. — Roy Lehman, Los Angeles, 

Addresses not given, Hattie Shellenberger, 
$2.25; Mary E. Wolf, $2.35. Total, $4.60. 

Ogden Mission Sunday-School Collections, 
$5 37. 

Total amount received in March, $77.40. 
Chas. W. Eisenbise, Treasurer. 

860 South Clifton Park Avenue. 


Denver, Colo., April. 
Amount of money received by the Church 
of the Brethren toward the building of a 
churchhouse in Denver, Colo., from Feb. 1, 
1909, to April 1, 1909: . ■ 

J. O. Studebaker, $2; J. E. Hutsell, $10; 
Lick Creek Aid Society, Bryan, Ohio, $3; Eld. 
Wm H Pyle and Wife, $5; D. B. Martin, by 
I Martin, $10; Joseph Amick $5; E. P. Tres- 
tle, $3; David Blickenstaff, $10; Flora Gish, 
$1; Ethel Gish, $1; Clayton Gish, $1; L. A. 
Whitaker, $2; Mrs. Jacob M. Ritter, 5 cents; 
Mr. and Mrs. S. D. Royer, $5; Mrs D W. 
Stoner, $2; S. F. and E. E. Flory, $5; Con. 
Whisler, $5; Mrs. Ellen Finkenbinder, $5; Mrs. 
Geo. Shank, $1; Brother and Sister, $5; Rus- 
sell Showalter, $5; J. H. and Maude Shaffer, 
$2-1 B. Trout, $2; Mrs. Julia Clay, $5; W. H. 
Miller, $3; J. F. Eikenberry, $5; Phebe Berry, 
$2; A Brother, $2; Mrs. C. H. Span ogle, $5; 
David Fulty, $5; C. Landwer, $5; J. W Fish- 
burn and wife, $5; S. Bock and wife, $5; 
Sisters' Aid Society, Rocky Ford, Colo., $5; 
Mrs. Wesley Hosselroth, 16 cents: M. C. Cy- 
igan, $5; Austin Himes, $5. Collected by S. A. 
Honberger: I. H. Miller, $2; Roy Logsdon, 50 
cents; W. J. Gilbert, 50 cents; H. R. Hipes, 
$1; J. S. Monroe, $1; Elitha Day, $1; J. D. 
Miller, $1; Lizzie Pierce, $1; J. R. Cupp, $5; 
J. B. Williams, $2; Young People's Meeting, 
$3.25; Wm. Cupp, 50 cents; W. H. Hartman, 
$2; Lola Ayres, 7 years old, 1 cent; Mabel 
Ayres, 5 years old, 1 cent; J. G. Foltz, $1; 
C T. Ayres, $2; T. T. Williams, $2; J. W. 
Hawkins, $10; J. C. Blanton, $1.50; W. J. 
Moyers, 25 cents; Ernest Shinefelt, 25 cents; 
J. L. Root, $2; Joseph Glick, $1; A, L. Mor- 
gan, $1; Jonathan Morgan, 7 years old, 7 
cents; Theron Morgan, 9 years old, 10 cents. 
Mrs. Clara T. Brandt, $1.50; Mr. and Mrs. 
S. D. Baker, $1; G. W. Crissman, by A. C. 
Root, $5; Wm. Kirkendall, $1; Mrs. Wm. Kirk- 
endall, $1; Master Kirkendall, 25 cents; Mrs. 
E. J. Bosserman, $10; Morrill C. W. of N. E. 
Kansas, $6.60; Cando Sunday School, North 
Dakota, $8.63; Mrs. Mary H. Hoerner, $1; 
Frank Hoover and wife, $5; Luther Meyers, 
$5. Collected by S. A. Honberger: Sarah J. 
Huston, $1; Ada McAvoy, $1; Viola M. Wheel- 
er, 25 cents; C. R. Dodd, $1; L. M. Dodd, $2.50; 
Christian Workers, Thomas, Okla., $2.88; 
Mary Watlenbarger, $1; J. J. Dobbins, $10; 
Lydia Showalter, $3; L. D. Goodman, $2.50; 
I. L. Herren, $10.50; J. F. Neher, 50 cents; 
D. L. Brubaker, $2.50; J. R. Pitzer, $1; Cyrus 
Martin, $5; W. F. Lowber, $2; W. D. Romine, 
$5; A. L. Boyd, $1; Hiram Wiltfong, $1; H. 
Gernet, $5; Emma Horn, $1; I. S. Markey, $3; 
Caroline Mornhold, $1; John Mornhold, $1; 
Sunday School, Washita, Okla., $3.25; D. L. 
Firestone, $1; E. J. Smith, $2; B. L. Dawson, 
$1; L. A. Vaniman, $5; Harry Hertzler, $5; 
J. S. Mornhold, $5; W. L. Hamet, $1. Sisters' 
Aid Society, Middle River Congregation, Va., 
$5; Mrs. Elva Felker, $1; C. F. Eller, $5; J. S. 
Rodeffer, $5; R. Kinney, $5; Sallie Hatfield, $5. 
Collected by S. A. Honberger: T. C. Pobst, $2; 
F. E. Marchand, $3; Issabella Foster, $1; 
George Marchand, $25; S. F. Snodgrass, $2; 
H. C. Murphy, $2; Abram Grabill, $2; Wm. H. 
and Edna Cooper, $8; M. M. Ennis and wife, 
$2; Cement Sunday School, Cement, Okla., 
$2.31. F. W. Lammendee and wife, $1; Pyr- 
mont Sunday School, Delphi, Ind., $3; D. and 
P. Ridgley, $1; Amanda McLothline, $1; Mrs. 
L. Shankster, $1; Frank Ray, $10. Total 
$415.32. H. F. Caylor, j 

Secretary and Treasurer, Building and Fun* 

165 S. Clarkson St., Denver, Colo. 

4» 4* 

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Satan and the Saint I | The Saloon 


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An ideal Young People's weekly. *£ 

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It has been a long tried and well proven plan of the 


to receive gifts of $100 or more and pay the donors or beneficiaries so 
long as they live, an annuity. The rate depends upon the age of the 
donor or beneficiary and is paid regularly on January 1 and July 1. 
After the death of the donor or beneficiary, then the income is used for 
the preaching of the Gospel in all the earth. 

The special advantage to the Board is that when the amount is 
paid in, the Board knows it will not have to defend wills to secure what 
has been willed to it. 

The advantages to the donor may be summed up as follows : 
1. Permanence. Few investments last over five years until reinvest- 
ment is necessary. This often causes money to lie idle, makes much 
concern, and frequently is not satisfactory. All these features are 
eliminated in the annuity plan. The Board has easy facilities to invest 
in first class farm mortgages. Their abundant funds thus invested 
is ample guarantee that your annuity is sure. Your interest comes 
without fail on dates agreed upon. 

2. Five per cent without taxes to pay on the money is a good in- 
vestment. Every reader knows what that means. 

3. None of the principal thus donated is spent, but is held intact 
in first-class mortgages to earn the annuity promised. Contrast this 
with varied promotion schemes promising larger returns, principal be- 
ing consumed, and the donor having little or nothing after all. 

4. A perpetual good. The principal goes on to end of time preach- 
ing the Gospel, repeating the total of the principal every twenty years 
in trying to win men to Christ. 


" How much would I like to have used by the church when I am no 
more? " Let that be much or little according to your means. If 
you can turn that amount over to the Board, and receive an annuity, 
you have the benefit of the money during life and it is safe in the hands 
of the Board at your death. 

Hundreds of donors on the annuity plan, some adding to the amount 
thus set apart, not a single one dissatisfied with his investment or dona- 
tion, is positive proof of the satisfaction the Board can give in the ar- ' 

Whoever you are, drop us a card asking for full particulars. 

:: General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois j| 

Mention the Visitor in making your inquiry. 

Vol. XI 

JUNE, 1909 

No. 6 | pv 

Contents for June, iqoq. 



Comment, 203 


Our Church Schools and Missions, By the Editor, 177 

Bethany and Missions, By Mrs. Grace Buckley Petry, 179 

Missions at Botetourt Normal College, By C. S. Ikenberry, 181 

Missionary Movement at Elizabethtown College, By Elizabeth Meyer, 182 

Missionary Work at Juniata College, By Frank P. Holsopple, 183 

The Beginning of Missions at Lordsburg, By J. Ross Hanawalt, 185 

Missions in Manchester College, By C. H. Yoder, 186 

Missions in McPherson College, By B. S. Trostle, 190 

Mount Morris College and Foreign Missions, By J. E. Miller, 191 

The Missionary Reading Circle of Maryland Collegiate Institute, By D. R. Beard, 194 

Boley, Oklahoma, .' .' 195 

Elder George Miller, By Edgar M. Hoffer, 197 

The Best Way to Interest the New Converts in Missionary Work, By Ora Good, 198 
Our Increase: A Proportion, By C. F. L. Smith, 200 




The Missionary Visitor 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, Illinois. The third Wednesday in April, August 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Virginia. and December. 

L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Indiana. Address all communications to the 


Washington, D. C. BOARD. 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. Elgin, Illinois. 

Subscription Terms 

Fifty Cents per year, payable in advance. 

The subscription price is included in BACH donation of a dollar or more to the 
General Board, either direct or thru any congregational collection, provided the dollar 
or more is given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Differ- 
ent members of the same family may each give a dollar or more, and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in 
reading the Visitor. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting 
the Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor 
will be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. Send all subscriptions to 

Brethren's General Mission Board, 

Elgin, Illinois, U.S.A. 

Entered as second-class matter at the postofflce at Elgin, Illinois. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Photo by] [W. R. Miller. 


Naming from left to right in each row. Front row: Geo. W. Hilton, Mrs. Geo. W. 
Hilton, Mrs. Prank Crumpacker, Frank Crumpacker, missionaries for China. Eliza B. 
Miller, returning, and Kathryn Ziegler, appointed to India. Middle row: Dr. O. H. 
Yereman, Kansas City, several years in India; A. J. Nickey, daughter Barbara, Mrs. A. J. 
Nickey, Kearney, N'ebr., parents and sister to Flora Nickey Ross of Vyara, India; A. M. 
Horner, Mrs. A. M. Horner, son Wilbert, Davenport, Nebr., parents and brother to Mrs. E. H. 
Eby, Jhagadia, India. Back Row: J. R. Miller, Nappanee, Indiana, father of Mrs. Ella 
Miller Brubaker of Dahanu, India; David Berkebile and Mrs. David Berkebile, Delta, Ohio, 
parents of S. P. Berkebile, Vada, India; Sister Miller, Waterloo, Iowa, aunt of Eliza and 
Sadie Miller, Bulsar and Umalla, India; John Flory, Delta, Ohio, father of Norrie Flory 
Berkebile of "Vada, India; Mrs. Wm. H. Long, Wm. H. Long, Port Republic, Va., parents of 
Isaac Long, Jalalpor, India; S. N. McCann and Mrs. S. N. McCann, missionaries returning 
to India. 



This appeal coming from our brother just ready to sail for 
China, should carry with it unusual interest to every reader 

" Will a man rob God? Yet ye have 
robbed me. But ye say, Wherein 
have we robbed thee? In tithes and 
offerings. Ye are cursed with a curse: 
for ye have robbed me, even this 
whole nation. Bring ye all the tithes 
into the storehouse, that there may be 
meat in mine house, and prove me now 
herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if 
I will not open you the windows of 
heaven, and pour you out a blessing, 
that there shall not be room enough 

to receive it. And I will rebuke the 
devourer for your sakes, and he shall 
not destroy the fruits of your ground ; 
neither shall your vine cast her fruit 
before the time in the field, saith the 
Lord of hosts." Mai. 3: 8-11. 

Are you robbing God, my brother, 
my sister? or are you giving Him the 
tithes and offerings due Him? A great 
many of the calamities in Israel's his- 
tory were due to the fact that they 
robbed God. Perhaps this is the rea- 


The Missionary Visitor 


certain trader took ashore three or 
four men who had the measles and 
placed them at different stations on 
the island, solely for the purpose of 
spreading the disease. The result was 
that scores of natives took the disease 
and died from it, and the blame was 
placed upon the missionaries. Thus 
their lives were in constant danger 
and time and again open attacks were 
made against them. Mr. Paton be- 
lieved in using every lawful effort to 
defend themselves, but he says : " It 
would be easier for me at any time to 
die than to kill one of them." Some- 
times he was attacked when he was 
entirely helpless and there was noth- 
ing left for him to do but pray to God. 
And marvelous indeed were his de- 
liverances. Sometimes the club was 
raised to strike the blow, or the arrow 
was pointed at him, and at one time 
a butcher knife was held within but 
a few inches of his heart ready to 
strike the fatal blow, when by an un- 
seen Power they were arrested and 
the brave missionary went forth un- 
harmed. Such occasions were followed 
by seasons of the sweetest experiences 
of his life, for realizing that there was 
but a step between him and death, he 
was brought low at the feet of his 
Master who spoke peace to his soul. 
Finally he was stripped of everything 
and had to flee from the island to save 
his life. Say you his suffering, his 
self-sacrifice and his untiring efforts 
were all in vain? Perhaps to human 
sight and wisdom, but to the all-see- 
ing eye of God not so. The seed had 
been sown, and others since have gone 
in and reaped a bountiful harvest of 
souls for the Master. Tanna, during 

the last half-century has been Chris- 
tianized, and the black man is rejoic- 
ing in the love of that God who is no 
respecter of persons. 

This is but half the story of this 
faithful missionary. For a number of 
years after leaving Tanna, he labored 
on the adjoining island of Anina, 
where his labors were greatly blessed 
from the first. " The story of his labors 
here," says Arthur T. Pierson, " we 
have no hesitation in pronouncing the 
most fascinating narrative of mission- 
ary adventure and heroism and suc- 
cess that we have ever met." 

During his travels in behalf of the 
missions, God greatly blessed the sto- 
ry of his labors and sufferings, to 
greater missionary zeal and effort on 
the part of mutitudes of Christians. 
Having made his mission churches 
self-supporting and feeling fully satis- 
fied that the work would continue to 
be carried forward by native Chris- 
tians, he started on a trip around the 
world, visiting Australia, Europe, 
America, etc. This trip was for a 
double purpose, both missionary and 
philanthropic. Besides his missionary 
efforts, he especially sought to use his 
influence to prevent the sale of intoxi- 
cants, opium, firearms and ammuni- 
tion, by the traders, amongst the New 
Hebrideans. And in these efforts he 
met with pleasing results. 

On the 28th of January, 1906, " the 
frail and weary body in which the 
eager spirit had tabernacled for eighty- 
three long years, was at rest and John 
G. Paton had joined the dearly-loved 
wife, and many of his loved converts 
in the Homeland of the soul, to go no 
more out forever." 

The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XI 

June, 1909 

Number 6 



By the Editor 

SINCE Conference has appointed a 
commission to stimulate and direct 
the energies of our church schools, our 
educational interests are entering upon 
another epoch of their existence. It 
might be named the epoch of recognition, 
in distinction to the past, which as fit- 
tingly can be called the period of op- 

The latter period has covered a little 
more than a quarter of a century. It has 
been one of experiment, discouragement, 
struggle, loss, change of administration 
and what not, all of which was not 
healthy but could not be avoided. 

Would it be any wonder that under 
such circumstances there should not 
have been some mistakes made, some 
methods set to work, which have not 
proven what had been hoped for them, 
some principles set in operation which 
have borne unexpected and undesirable 
results ? 

These mistakes, it may be justly said, 
have been too prominently held in the 
minds of some good-meaning people and 
the real qualities of merit have been over- 
looked. This, too, has been detrimental 
to the schools, and has curtailed the sym- 
pathy and support which they should 
have had. In spite of all this, they are 
not without much good fruit. Note some 
of it. 

Simultaneous with the awakening of 
educational activities is the birth of mis- 

sionary endeavor. In some ways they are 
twin sisters ; in others our educational in- 
stitutions have made possible the mis- 
sions of the church. For example : Had 
there not been a Mt. Morris College with 
a missionary sentiment far more far- 
reaching than its management at the time 
ever dreamed of, there is no likelihood 
of there being a " Stover the missionary " 
and a Church of the Brethren in India, 
with a membership of a thousand or 
more. This but illustrates what may be 
said of the entire force on all fields. For 
it should always be remembered that to 
our schools has the Brotherhood gone for 
ALL of her missionaries. She has done 
this for two reasons: First, the schools 
rapidly developed the possibilities of these 
young people and made it possible to 
know who was suitable to go; second, 
they led them to say to the church and 
her Lord, " Here am I ; send me." The 
force of this statement is revealed in this 
issue of the Visitor in the history of mis- 
sions in the several schools represented. 
But our schools have not stopped with 
the foreign field. Their influence on the 
home base — the church — has been most 
commendable. Directly they have raised 
the standard of the ministry to a remark- 
ably high point. Twenty-five years ago 
there were plenty of churches who did 
not want those " college-bred fellows " 
to talk in their pulpits. That time has 
gone. It has been discovered that these 


The Missionary Visitor 


same consecrated, educated men have 
power with the Lord and their services 
are greatly demanded everywhere. In 
the State districts in which the schools 
are located the officers of the district 
meeting and other district conventions 
are usually if not all school men. And, 
behold you, even among the officers of 
our Annual Conferences, there is a sur- 
prising recognition. Take for example 
the last ten years, 1899 to 1908. Of 
thirty-four offices filled by election of 
Standing Committee, sixteen have been 
occupied by school men. (By school 
men is meant brethren who have spent a 
year or more in one of our church schools 
or have identified themselves in conduct- 
ing the institution.) If the duplicates 
in service are dropped out, then these 
thirty-four offices have been occupied by 
twenty-two different persons, ten of 
whom are school men and six of these 
graduates. It then appears that about 
half of the leadership of the church to- 
day are men who have had more or less 
training in our schools. The next ten 
years, when the younger men at the head 
of our schools have a little larger ex- 
perience, the proportion of school men 
in our forces which lead will still be 

This bearing upon our ministry is fur- 
ther emphasized in the report on the 
alumni of Bridgewater College, made 
January, 1909, which happens to be in 
hand and may be taken as a suggestive 
guide for all our educational institutions. 
The table is taken from College Life, the 
special organ of the college. This table 
includes all the men who have graduated 
and such of the women graduates as are 
actively engaged in missionary work: 

Graduates Now in the Ministry. 

From all courses, 17% 

Bible course, 100% 

College course, 50% 

Preparatory course, 32% 

These figures speak louder than words 
the important bearing the schools are 
having upon our ministry. 

But the influence of the schools does 
not stop with our missionaries and lead- 
ers. All of our successful evangelists 
and a goodly portion of the ministers 
who have not been permitted to enjoy a 
few terms of schooling, have seen the ad- 
vantage and have so applied themselves 
in self-training thru the Gish Publishing 
Fund and other avenues that it has made 
a marked effect upon them. The stand- 
ard has been raised by our schools and 
many have risen heroically and success- 
fully with it. This indirect influence on 
the church and missions cannot be es- 
timated. For these same practical men 
in most dases have specialized in missions 
and joined the school forces in an on- 
ward march in world evangelization. 

What may we hope for the epoch of 
recognition now upon us? Much in 
every way. If here and there may ap- 
pear a spirit of disloyalty to the real 
Christ, it serves for the most part as a 
danger signal to the body. A few may 
be stranded in the shallow waters of 
worldliness, but the bulk with eye clear 
and true on the Star of their guiding will 
grow firmer in their faith as they sail 
forward towards the end. Some may be 
dashed to pieces on the alluring rocks 
of materialistic and agnostical uncertain- 
ties, but the most of them will safely 
glide by these dangers and be a strong 
leading for the Brotherhood. Yea, ver- 
ily, the Rock Christ Jesus will ever be 
the foundation on which our institutions 
will build. The body from whom our 
schools expect support will stand for 
nothing else, and to be a church school 
means to stand for the things for which 
the church herself maintains. 

Thus rooted and grounded, our schools 
will supply that army of workers who 
shall build churches in foreign lands, 
and in frontier parts of our own country ; 
will carry the message into the cities and 
successfully cope with the great problems 
there; will man our conferences, both 
district and general ; will lead the church 
of God to still greater victory in His 

Two Dormitories of the Bethany to Be. Rig-lit Hand Building* to Be Erected This 
Summer and Used as Recitation Booms in Fart. 


Mrs. Grace Buckley Petry 

OUR study here being wholly of a 
religious nature, the searching into 
God's Word, the missionary spirit has 
constantly been penetrating the hearts 
of the students, giving new inspiration 
daily, and creating greater desire for 
preparation so we may be used most ful- 
ly in the Lord's work. 

Last year this same desire led a few of 
us to meet in a mission study class, the 
first being held Dec. 6, 1907, at the home 
of Bro. B. F. Heckman. About ten were 
present that evening, viz. : Myrtle Wat- 
son, Anna Stutsman (Buck), D. J. 
Blocher, Jessie Hollinger. Grace Buck- 
ley (Petry), G. W. Hilton and wife, C. 
G. Petry, and Bro. B. F. Heckman and 
wife. That night we decided to begin 
the study of the book, " New Testament 
Studies in Missions," which proved in- 
teresting and helpful. However, we 
found it required more study than we 
could devote outside of our school 
work, so finally we took up the biog- 

*A11 the church schools were invited to sup- 
ply a history of missions for their institu- 
tion. Just why they did not all respond the 
editor does not know. 

raphies in " Effectual Workers in Needy 

We met informally at various rooms 
of the students each week, without any 
organization more than the choice of 
Bro. Hilton to direct the work, and a 
secretary to keep general records of the 
meetings. The attendance fluctuated, in- 
creasing as more of the students found 
opportunity to be with us, or decreasing 
when some had heavier school work, or 
when others left Bethany for their form- 
er homes. Of this little number Bro. 
and Sister Hilton are now in China, 
facing some of the problems on the field 
about which we read together. 

Perhaps this class would have been in 
session before had not a study of mis- 
sions been in the regular course of the 
curriculum here and a series of lectures 
along missionary lines given each year 
by Bro. Galen B. Royer. Then once per 
month the students discuss foreign mis- 
sions in their weekly conference, likewise 
the problems, etc., of the home field. 
Meantime letters with special requests 
for prayer are received and read openly 
in chapel that we may pray definitely for 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Place of Bethany's Beginning, 
188 Hastings St., Chicago. 

that worker in India or China, or those 
of our own land, remembering their spe- 
cial difficulties before the Lord, or join- 
ing them in matters of praise. 

With these opportunities ours, the 
greater emphasis is then put upon the 
practical, rather than theoretical, study 
of missions. Thus Bro. and Sister Hil- 
ton came in actual touch with the Chi- 
nese here, their habits, character, and 
language, before sailing to faraway Chi- 
na. During their stay here they were 
leaders in the organization of a Chinese 
Sunday school which now has twenty- 
four pupils in regular attendance, being 
taught largely by Bethany students. We 
have also become acquainted with sev- 
eral other Chinese Sunday schools of 
Chicago and some eight or ten students 
are teaching in these schools each Sun- 

Then, too, we are neighbors to several 
Jewish missions where about sixteen of 
our number have night classes with these 
beloved people who, in the past, have 
refused their Messiah. Already the 
teachers so engaged have learned a 
great deal about real Judaism, and the 
more appreciate deeper study of the won- 

derful Messianic prophecies fulfilled in 
our Lord. 

This year, also more than ever before, 
splendid opening is presented for person- 
al work in the nearby hospitals. About 
twelve students go regularly to the wards 
and visit each patient, talking about their 
spiritual welfare, reading the Bible and 
praying with them. This kind of work 
is being done in Cook County Hospital, 
where their patients number as high as 
eighteen hundred of those confined to 
beds, besides those able to walk about. 
Sometimes there are eighty patients in 
one ward, the majority glad to welcome 
Christian visits. 

Not of minor importance, either, are 
the twenty-six Bible classes being con- 
ducted by the students. Of these one 
class is at the Home for the Blind, an- 
other at Florence Crittendon's Home for 
Unfortunate Girls; several others made 
up of the children gathered in from off 
these streets; the remaining number be- 
ing held in various homes. 

The rescue missions invite our coopera- 
tion in the meetings held each night. 
While we cannot fully endorse their 
methods and conceptions, yet we feel 
their zeal is truly worthy of commenda- 
tion and example. Many a poor, down- 
cast drunkard, or disheartened sinner, 
almost without hope, is here brot to 
some beams of cheer, and started to a 
higher plane of living. Recently a few of 
our ministers declared God's Word in 
one of these missions. Other students 
tried to let the Spirit speak thru several 
good songs, and still others went out in- 
to lodging rooms and upon the streets 
to " gather them in from the fields of 

The opportunities here for practical 
mission work are immense. The doors 
are wide open to every one willing to 
learn by experience. 

Pray for us. 

THE church gives too little for missions when she gives large money for her own 
consumption. She has been spending the money vested in her as a guardian, 
while the wards of her care have been permitted to pine away and die for lack 
of the only bread that can sustain life. 


The Missionary Visitor 



C. S. Ikenberry 

r T^ HE spirit of missions and educational 
-■- sentiment is inseparable, hence our 
schools become centers of missionary ac- 
tivity and progress. The securing of a 
Christian education is associated with 
sacrifice, as is also mission work. Our 
schools are then primarily mission fac- 
tors, leading the young minds into a pur- 
poseful life. Can we wonder, then, that 
the desires of our young Christians be- 
come active endeavors in mission organi- 
zation and extension? 

Daleville has been no exception to this 
infallible rule, and in her early history 
a movement was started which has many 
times overreached in influence the hopes 
of the most sanguine. A few consecrated 
workers, with Sister Flora May Ninin- 
ger as the founder, kept the light aglow, 
and saw the Botetourt Memorial Mis- 
sionary Circle a permanent organization. 
From this first mission effort, by one of 
our fellow teachers whose memory we 
cherish, has grown an organization, not 
only supported by teachers and students, 
but the congregation is its membership, 
and her special endeavor is the develop- 
ment of missionary sentiment and the 
support of Brother and Sister Ross in 
the India mission field. The organiza- 
tion of this circle was the initial move- 
ment for mission work in both school and 

Did it mean sacrifice ? The little light 
burned dimly. The conservativeness of 
our senior elders did not allow them to 
encourage the new idea. Who can for- 
get the persuasive efforts of our dear sis- 

ter in appealing for help and encourage- 
ment in fostering the highest ambition 
of her heart? Even though death 
claimed her her spirit of helpfulness will 
never be forgotten. 

Inasmuch as the school, both teachers 
and students, takes active part in the 
Memorial Mission Circle, the independ- 
ent organization of mission work in the 
school has been limited. When the Mis- 
sionary Reading Circle was the leading 
factor in developing missionary senti- 
ment our students supplemented their 
regular school work with that course then 
offered. A large class completed the 
one-year course of mission study in the 
year of 1902. 

In the school year of 1904-'05, our 
school united with the various Brethren's 
schools in the organization of the Stu- 
dents' Volunteer Band. This has been 
perpetuated from year to year, not as a 
volunteer band but under the name of a 
Mission Band. Botetourt Normal Col- 
lege has not as yet had a volunteer band, 
but has sent out some students who are 
actively engaged in mission work in the 
home land. The supplementary reading 
has been an important factor in develop- 
ing missionary sentiment. This has been 
conducted as mission study classes, with 
regular weekly meetings. The idea of 
sacrifice must be taught. Our schools 
can teach it, for they are in themselves 
self-sacrificing. Who knows how far- 
reaching may be our menial service? 
Daleville, Va. 

O CHRISTIAN, if you did verily believe that your ungodly neighbors, wife, 
husband or child, should certainly lie forever in hell, except they be thor- 
oughly changed before death shall snatch them away, would not this 
make you address them day and night till they were persuaded? Were it not 
for this cursed unbelief, our own and our neighbors' souls would gain more by 
us than they do. — Richard Baxter. 

i: Lk 

^tLv^k <yLC£&'iti'3< 


View of Elizabethtown College, Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania. 


Elizabeth Meyer 

T N a sense, the history of the mission 
-*• work of Elizabethtown College be- 
gins with the organization of the school ; 
for a certain clause in its constitution 
reads like this: "The object of this 
school shall be such a harmonious devel- 
opment of the physical, mental and mor- 
al powers of both sexes as will best fit 
them for the duties of life and promote 
the spiritual interests of its patrons." 

The first special Bible term of our 
college was held during the winter of 
1901 from March 4 to the 28th, and 
was a gratifying success. Aside from 
the class work, so ably conducted by Bro. 
J. Kurtz Miller, there was a series of 
evening sermons by the following minis- 
ters : H. E. Light, J. H. Longanecker, I. 
W. Taylor, Benj. Hottle, T. F. Imler, J. 
A. Long, W. M. Howe, B. F. Masterson. 
Three souls were won for Christ. During 
succeeding Bible terms such ministers 
as E. S. Young, J. G. Royer and A. C. 

Wieand were among those present in 
earnest labors for Christ. Special men- 
tion should be made of 1904, when W. 
M. Howe did the teaching and preaching 
and fifty took a stand for Christ. J. 
Kurtz Miller, in recent years, has done 
very acceptable work and has been with 
us term after term. 

During these Bible terms the spirit 
of missions not only pervades the regu- 
lar Bible class work, but a whole after- 
noon is set apart for a special missionary 
meeting when topics relating to missions 
are discussed. The total enrollment at 
our first Bible term was 115. 

Speaking more specifically, the first 
and only authorized missionary move- 
ment of our college was the organiza- 
tion, in 1905, of a Missionary Reading 
Circle as a branch of the circle organized 
by the Church of the Brethren in Eliza- 
bethtown. During 1904, while Bro. J. 
M. Pittenger was teaching at the col- 


The Missionary Visitor 


lege, he taught a mission class which met 
sometimes on Saturday afternoon and 
sometimes in the evening. His succes- 
sor in this line of work was Bro. W. H. 
Sanger, also a teacher at the college. 
These brethren, in consultation with our 
elder, S. H. Hertzler (who is a man full 
of missionary zeal but very cautious in his 
advice concerning organizations which 
some of our brethren think questionable), 
were encouraged in the work by the or- 
ganization of a reading circle by the 
church in town. The town organization 
was effected Sept. 24, 1905, with the 
following officers : 

President, Nathan Martin; vice-pres- 
ident, A. G. Longenecker; secretary, 
Martha Martin; local secretary, Bessie 
M. Rider; treasurer, Mrs. Frank Groff. 

A committee consisting of A. G. 
Longenecker, Elizabeth Meyer and Bes- 
sie M. Rider was appointed to select 
books, and otherwise encourage a spirit 
of harmony between the town and col- 
lege branches of the Missionary Reading 
Circle of the Elizabethtown church. 

The first officers of the branch at the 
college were elected Oct. 22, 1905, as 
follows: President, Chas. Bower; vice- 
president, C. S. Livengood ; secretary, 
Flora Wampler; treasurer, J. Z. Herr. 
During the first year there were about 
twenty-one members enrolled, and at 
present (1909) the enrollment numbers 
forty-two. The different teachers that 
this circle has had during these five years 
since its organization were : D. C. Reber, 
J. F. Graybill, L. Margaret Haas, R. W. 
Schlosser, E. C. Bixler, E. E. Eshelman. 
Bro. Eshelman is our teacher at present, 
and we have had some most excellent 

lessons from, the book entitled " New 
Testament Studies in Missions," by Har- 
lan P. Beach. 

Those who have gone out from our 
college in active mission service are Bro. 
and Sister J. F. Graybill, '07, now lo- 
cated at Sergeantsville, N. J., having 
been sent there by the Mission Board of 
Eastern Pennsylvania. J. M. Pittenger, 
now located at Ahwa, via Bilimora, In- 
dia; Kathryn Ziegler, '08, now at Jalal- 
por, India; L. Margaret Haas, who 
worked in both the English and Italian 
missions in Brooklyn, in 1908, and is now 
teacher in the Bible department of our 
college. While in Brooklyn she served 
during Sister Howe's absence as super- 
intendent of the Sunday school of the 
English mission. Another worker who 
has gone out from our college is Barbara 
Weaver, who, with her husband, Bro. 
Spencer Beaver, has been in charge of 
the mission work at Shamokin, Pa., for 
several years ; they, too, having been lo- 
cated by the Mission Board of Eastern 

Other graduates in our Bible depart- 
ment are : B. Mary Royer, '07, Eliza- 
beth Zortman, '06, and Martha Martin, 

This may seem like a small beginning, 
but let us hope and pray. that from the 
walls of Elizabethtown College may go 
out year after year more and more 
whole-souled, consecrated laborers into 
the fields now " white to harvest." And 
may all these, and all others who have 
been instrumental in training these 
workers, when their life's work is ended, 
be seen approaching heaven's gate, bring- 
ing many sheaves with them. 



Frank P. Holsopple 

'pHE Church of the Brethren in Hunt- 

■*■ ingdon has since her organization 

been active in missionary work. On 

Sept. 18, 1885, the sisters of the church, 
encouraged by Sister Ella M. Snavely, 
then of Urbana, Ohio, organized a mis- 


The Missionary Visitor 


sionary society. Minutes of the monthly 
meetings of this organization show a 
continuous, active existence since that 

At a meeting of this society held Jan. 
28, 1893, a motion was adopted to or- 
ganize the young people of the church 
and school into a missionary society so 
as to enable them to do more effective 
work. To this end a committee was ap- 
pointed on May 27, 1893, to arrange a 
plan for organization. Four days later, 
May 31, this committee submitted the 
following report : " This society shall 
be called the Young People's Missionary 
Society and shall hold meetings once 
each month. The object of this society 
shall be to educate the young people to 
missionary work and to encourage an 
active missionary spirit among them by 
reading and study of missionary litera- 
ture and by contributing means to the 
support of the work." The members of 
the committee submitting this report are 
as follows: 

Mrs. H. B. Brumbaugh, Mary N. 
Quinter, Lizzie B. Howe, John C. Reiff, 
and Carman C. Johnson. 

The first meeting of this society, com- 
posed largely of students of the Breth- 
ren's Normal College, was held June 10, 
1893, with I. Harvey Brumbaugh as the 
first president. On March 18, 1894, Car- 
man C. Johnson, who was then presi- 
dent, suggested the addition of temper- 
ance to missionary work. Since that 
date the organization has been known as 
the Young People's Missionary and Tem- 
perance Society. 

A report of the work of the society 
submitted on Jan. 29, 1898, shows an en- 
rollment of 169 members. That date 
marks a distinct epoch in the develop- 
ment of the society, as at this time it ex- 
tended the field of its operations. Hith- 
erto its activities were largely local. The 
missions established by Sister Alice 
Boone in Chicago and by Bro. James T. 
Quinlan in Baltimore constituted practi- 
cally the only touch the society had with 
actual missionary endeavor. 

On March 16, 1898, the president of 

the society, I. Harvey Brumbaugh, and 
Jesse B. Emmert gave reports from the 
Student Volunteer Movement Conven- 
tion, which was held in Cleveland, Ohio, 
in that month. The minutes of the meet- 
ing in which the reports were given con- 
tain this significant statement : " This 
report was exceedingly interesting and 
helpful." From this time the organization 
has kept in close touch with the Student 
Volunteer Movement. Bro. Jesse B. Em- 
mert, Jacob M. Blough, L. M. Keim, J. 
W. Swigart and others became deeply 
interested in the work. The enthusiasm 
spread and it was not long until the en- 
tire student body of the college was 
thoroughly alive to the momentous char- 
acter of Student Volunteer Watchword, 
" The evangelization of the world in this 

In 1904, under the leadership of Bro. 

D. Webster Kurtz, the society took up 
deputation work and organized a Volun- 
teer Band. This band had two types of 
membership — those who volunteered for 
mission work unconditionally and the 
others for the home field. While this 
band has necessarily been small it still 
maintains reguilar meetings for study 
and conference. Under the direction of 
the department of deputation work 
young men and women went wherever 
opportunity presented to set forth the 
character and claims of missionary work. 
Among those who were notably active 
in this phase of the society's work were 
J. W. Swigart, John Pittinger, Orville 
A. Stahl, M. J. Weaver, D. Webster 
Kurtz, Arthur J. Culler, J. H. Cassady, 

E. E. Eshelman, W. P. Harley, A. Brown 
Miller, Edgar Detwiler, Ida Himmels- 
baugh, Mabel Dooley, Alice Garber, 
Mary E. Bartholow Kelley and many 
others. This work is suspended at the 
present time. 

As early as 1901 the possibility of the 
society supporting a missionary in the 
foreign field was publicly discussed, and 
money was collected for that purpose. 
On March 12, 1902, Bro. John Pittinger 
reported $20 in the treasury for that 
purpose. A committee was appointed 


The Missionary Visitor 


to take the work of raising funds in hand 
and on April 9, 1902, the committee re- 
ported the work " as fairly under way." 

At the meeting of Oct. 12, 1902, it 
was decided to send one of our own 
number to the foreign field and on the 
26th of the same month a new plan for 
raising funds was adopted. This plan 
proved so successful that on Jan. 7, 1903, 
Bro. J. M. Blough reported that sufficient 
funds had been collected to support a 
worker in the foreign field for one year. 

A committee was then appointed to 
submit a plan for the selection of a mis- 
sionary. This committee, composed of 
F. F. Holsopple, C. C. Johnson, J. H. 
Cassady, J. M. Blough and I. C. Van 
Dyke, recommended on Jan. 31, 1903, 
that " the election be held similar to the 
election of a minister." At a special 
meeting held Feb. 18, 1903, Bro. J. M. 
Blough was selected by the method rec- 
ommended by the committee. On Sept. 
30, 1903, Bro. Blough and his wife gave 
a farewell talk to the society, prior to 
their sailing for India. 

Two of those who were most active 
during these years have gone to their 
final reward. The sad death of Bro. 
J. W. Swigart, who was just ready to 
go to India, and the death of Bro. Orville 
Stahl, who was an active member of the 
Volunteer Band, have been recorded in 

these pages. Their lives of devotion 
and consecrated purpose will never be 
forgotten by those who knew them. 

A healthful missionary sentiment ex- 
ists at the present time. Under the aus- 
pices of the society, services are held for 
the benefit of prisoners in the county jail 
on Sunday afternoon every two weeks. 
The organization of the society is as fol- 
lows: President, Edgar Detwiler; sec- 
retary, Suie Widdowson; treasurer, Roy 
X. Wilson. The following is a roster 
of students of Juniata College who have 
been or are now active in the missionary 
field : 

S. N. McCann, India, home on fur- 

Elizabeth Gibbel McCann, India, home 
on furlough. 

Jacob M. Blough, India, active. 

Annie Detwiler Blough, India, active. 

Mary N. Quinter, India, active. 

Jesse B. Emmert, India, active. 

Gertrude Roland Emmert, India, ac- 

John Pittenger, India, active. 

Florence Baker Pittenger, India, ac- 

Ida Himmelsbaugh, India, active. 

Elizabeth Howe, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Gertrude E. Snavely (Methodist), 
Corea, active. 


J. Ross Hanawalt 

^PHE beginning of the missionary 
*- movement at Lordsburg may be 
traced back to a little meeting of a few 
of the students and teachers of Lords- 
burg College. This meeting was called 
by Prof. W. C. Hanawalt, in his private 
parlor, on the evening of Oct. 20, 1904. 
All the students who were Christians 
were present and after Scripture reading 
and prayer, the need of more consecra- 

tion and effective Christian work among 
the students was discussed. After the 
heartfelt desires of all present were ex- 
pressed it was finally decided to effect 
an organization, which is known as " The 
College Christian League." This organi- 
zation took place Nov. 30. 1904, Bro. 
Harvey M. Hanawalt being elected as 
its first president. 

It is the object of the league to unite 


The Missionary Visitor 


the students in more active Christian 
work, and to plan and carry out meas- 
ures which will result in the promotion 
of Christ's kingdom and the strengthen- 
ing of its members. With regard to 
the work that it has been doing, the con- 
stitution calls for missionary programs 
to be given among the different churches 
of the district as often as suitable ar- 
rangements may be made. Many of 
these programs have been given and we 
trust much good has been done. 

It is part of the work of this league to 
organize mission study classes and Bible 
classes, both of which have proved to be 
a success. Another branch of the work 
of the league worthy of mention is the 
prayer meetings held at the close of each 
week. The ladies and gentlemen have 
their separate prayer meetings every Sat- 
urday evening in some student's room, 
where they come together for a few min- 
utes and sing songs of praise and offer 
up prayers to God for His care and pro- 
tection over them through the week. 

A fund for a library has been started, 
a nice room in the college has been suit- 
ably furnished and many good books have 
been placed there for the benefit of any 
one who desires to use them. These sur- 
roundings have been the means of in- 
spiring many of our young people to do 
something for their Master. 

Many of our students of former years 
can look back to Lordsburg with pleas- 
ant memories to the time when they were 
led to Christ through the personal ef- 
forts of some fellow-student. . 

Within the past three years a mission 
point has been established in Pomona by 
the church at Lordsburg. A prosper- 
ous little church is the result of this 
movement. The latest, and we trust the 
greatest, movement of this kind has just 
been started at San Dimas. This is a 
movement of the Christian Workers' So- 
ciety. Feeling as though they should 
support something of this kind a meet- 
ing was called and the matter discussed 
There was considerable opposition to this 
work, but we believe the Spirit of the 
Lord prevailed and a favorable motion 
was passed. Committees were appointed 
and the work was soon under headway. 
The solicitors succeeded in raising 
enough money to purchase a lot and 
erect a beautiful little chapel. The dedi- 
cation services were conducted by Eld. 
W. F. England, April 25, 3 P. M. A 
Sunday school has been started, with 
Sister Anna O. McVey as superintendent. 
The work is very promising, the first en- 
rollment being fifty-five. 

The young people of Lordsburg seem 
very anxious to work, and although they 
cannot all go to San Dimas, the few who 
have been chosen to work there can feel 
that they have the hearty support of all 
who are interested. 

Realizing the great responsibility in the 
Lord's work, we desire an interest in the 
prayers of all who have the cause of 
the Lord at heart. " The harvest truly 
is great but the laborers are few." 

Lordsburg, Cat. 


C. H. Yoder 

T T is a noteworthy fact that in the 
■*- first years of Manchester College 
there were among its students those who, 
by their unselfish service, have given 
themselves to the Master's work and 
are known, may I say, to all the read- 

ers of the Visitor, as among the workers 
now in India — Bro. and Sister Adam 
Ebey, Sister Berkebile and Bro. Ross. 
These names stand prominent in the 
early annals of the history of Manchester 
College, both in the standard of their 


The Missionary Visitor 


literary work and the high degree of 
spirituality by which their lives were 

In 1895 the Bible Society was organ- 
ized coordinate with the two literary 
societies of the college. In this society, 
while a high degree of literary work was 
sought, the spiritual part was emphasized 
and took precedence in the regular week- 
ly meetings. A mission fund was es- 
tablished, which was and is used to as- 
sist persons who are preparing themselves 

from this place to spend several years in 
the Arkansas mission. 

The following from a letter written 
by Bro. J. H. Morris will give us the be- 
ginning of the Volunteer Mission Band 
at Manchester College: 

" In the spring of 1905 I decided to 
prepare myself for mission work, and 
knowing the purpose of some of the 
others in the school I spoke to them con- 
cerning the work and we organized a 
Volunteer Mission Band in the college, 

G-. L. Wine. C. H. Yoder. Chas. Xintner. 

G. P. Wag-oner. Mary C. Stoner. E. P. Yoder. 

Volunteer Band for 1908-'O9. 

Lulu Jackson. 

for the mission field, either home or for- 
eign. This society is still active. 

In the years 1899 and 1900, the Mis- 
sionary Reading Circle was organized 
among several of the students, Bro. and 
Sister Otho Winger, Brother and Sister 
Adam Ebey being some of the char- 
ter members. Besides following a sys- 
tematic study of missionary literature 
the members of the Reading Circle made 
special effort in visiting among the sick. 
They also opened a mission Sunday 
school in the west end of the city. About 
this time Sister Mattie Cunningham went 

with Bro. and Sister Wm. Ulrich, Sister 
Dorothy (Shafford) Sower and Bro. 
Wm. Eiler. Later in the spring Sister 
Clara Stauffer joined us." 

Here again is shown the need of lead- 
ership. These young people who had al- 
ready given their hearts and lives to the 
service of the Master needed some one 
in these few years of special preparation 
for life work to bring them together and 
make them a unit, by which means they 
might be a mutual help to each other in 
their spiritual growth and, being thus 
united, the field of their missionary ac- 
tivity in these few years might be broad- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ened and that their efforts might be so 
directed as to accomplish the greatest 
possible good. 

In the fall of 1905 these were all back 
in school except Sister Stauffer, while 
Sister Leona Mote was added, as a mem- 
ber of the band. Sister Dorothy Sower 
writes of this year: " The year 1905- 
'06 was an active year for the band. We 
met each week in Bro. Ulrich's home (in 
old dormitory) in devotional work. We 
gave missionary programs at all three 
houses of the Eel River church and also 
at Ogans Creek church. We made sev- 
eral Sunday-afternoon visits among the 
old and afflicted ones. One Bro. Ocker, 
who had been confined to his bed for al- 
most one year, enjoyed the singing so 
much. He died a few days after the 
meeting and about all he talked of from 
then until his death was the singing. The 
band was requested to conduct the sing- 
ing at his funeral. We also visited Bro. 
and Sister Jesse Blickenstaff at the time 
of the death of their little child. These 
little prayer services were a means of 
much strength to us." 

In the year 1906-'07 there was a great 
change in the working force of the band. 
In the fall of 1906, Sister Dorothy (Shaf- 
ford) Sower was the only member re- 
turning, some pursuing their school work 
at other places, some being absent be- 
cause of failing health and others find- 
ing other fields of labor. Altho standing 
alone, and being unable to accomplish 
much for a while, Sister Dorothy set to 
work with a zeal that marks the true 
spirit-filled Christian worker and which 
will always bring success. After the 
special Bible term the band was reor- 
ganized, the new members being Bro. 
H. A. Studebaker, Bro. R. G. Keever, 
Sister Jessie Boone, Sister Mae Dilling, 
Bro. David E. Sower and Sister Mary C. 
Stoner. During the remainder of this 
year the band gave three programs, one 
at the Ogans Creek, one at Eel River 
(middle house), and one at the Manches- 
ter church (West house). 

At the organization in the fall of 1907 
the number in the membership of the 

band was more than it had been at any 
time before or has been since. The mem- 
bers were H. A. Studebaker, Jessie 
Boone, Mary C. Stoner, Lulu Jackson, 
C. H. Yoder, G. F. Wagoner, Chas. 
Kintner, E. P. Yoder, Abbie Hill, Chas. 
Ronk, and Jacob Snell. 

In the spring of 1907, Bro. David E. 
Sower and Sister Dorothy Shafford 
chose to fight life's battles together, to 
share its joys and sorrows, and were 
united in marriage. Thus together they 
entered the mission at Indianapolis, Ind., 
spending a year at that place. This 
year's work brings to them many new 
and rich experiences. The writer was 
impressed, when listening to Bro. Sower 
as he was telling some of their experi- 
ences, how that many times they felt dis- 
couraged, and difficulties and obstacles 
seemed unsurmountable, but now that 
these are past they are able to look back 
and can see how all these barriers proved 
to have been a real blessing to them ; and 
they can now with renewed assurance 
say, " All things work together for good 
to them that love the Lord." April 19, 
1908, the band rendered a missionary 
program at the East Eel River church, 
and May 10, one at Roann, Ind. 

At the close of these meetings an op- 
portunity is given for those who desire 
to assist in the Lord's work by giving 
of their means, the contribution usually 
being sent to some mission field named 
by the congregation where the meeting 
is held. 

In the spring of 1908 on commence- 
ment evening, in the college chapel, after 
commencement exercises, was witnessed 
the wedding ceremony of Bro. H. A. 
Studebaker and Sister Jessie Boone, who 
have spent the last year at Converse, Ind., 
Herbert being a teacher in the city 
schools at that place. Herbert expects 
to be a student in the university next 
year, having high ideals to prepare him- 
self for the ministry to which he was 
called less than a year ago. 

This year finds five of our number 
not returning — Bro. and Sister H. A. 
Studebaker, Bro. Jacob Snell, Bro. Chas. 

A Survey of Manchester College Grounds, North Manchester, Indiana. 

Ronk, and Sister Abbie Hill — while one 
new member is added, Bro. G. L. Wine. 
More attention has been given this year 
to visiting in the homes of the city. In 
this method of work we are not only 
able to bring aid and encouragement to 
those already in Christ, but it is an open- 
ing door to those without Christ. Also 
with this work several programs are be- 
ing arranged to be given yet this year, 
one having been held at Cart Creek, Ind., 
on April 19. 

It has been the custom of the band to 
hold weekly meetings. These meetings 
are deeply devotional and are conducted 
in various ways. Sometimes special mis- 
sionary topics are discussed, sometimes 
the systematic study of some mission book 
is taken up, while at other times, especial- 
ly during the special Bible term and our 
series of revival meetings neither of 
these methods is followed in particular, 
but in an informal way we consider the 
field of work immediately before us, for 
during these periods special effort is 
made in the way of personal work among 
the students and others who are not 
Christians. Some of these meetings have 
been of special strength to us, when we 
can come together having the same pur- 
pose in our hearts, and the same burden 
upon us, — the burden of lost souls, — 
and have free heart-to-heart talks that 
seem to open to us a new light and life, 

and rekindle the flame that sometimes 
burns low. 

"For human hearts need comfort, 
That human hearts can give; 
And they who think of others, 
Are they who truly live" 

The coming year will find the band 
again scattered. Sister Stoner will take 
up work in the mission at Indianapolis 
soon after school closes, under direction 
of the District Mission Board. The writ- 
er has arranged for some evangelistic 
work during the summer, while some will 
endeavor to finish their course here next 

We can look back thru the years now 
and see where the efforts of the band 
have not been in vain ; where some souls 
have been helped to see Christ as their 
Sin Bearer; where others, weary and 
discouraged, had their lives brightened 
and were caused again to rejoice in the 
God of their salvation. 

During these years the Bible depart- 
ment of the college has done a great deal 
in promoting missionary sentiment. 
Much credit is due Bro. P. B. Fitz water, 
who for several years has labored un- 
tiringly as dean of this department, which 
is showing a marked increase in the num- 
ber of students entering it. The plain 
and forceful way in which Bro. Fitz- 
water presents the fundamental truths 
and doctrines of the Christian religion, 

(Continued on Page 210.) 

A Birdseye View f McPherson Colleg-e, Kansas. 


B. S. Trostle 

ALMOST from the beginning of the 
life of the school there has been or- 
ganized study of the great missionary 
movement in one form or another. At one 
time it was called the Missionary Reading 
Circle. The circle met each week at the 
homes of members and others interested 
in the work. A definite course of read- 
ing was followed. A good interest was 
kept up and the attendance ran from ten 
to twenty-five. The preamble speaks 
plainer than any one can tell : " We, stu- 
dents of McPherson College, for the pur- 
pose of attaining more knowledge of the 
needs and work of world-wide missions, 
for the promotion of greater missionary 
sentiment in the church, and for the ad- 
vancement of missionary spirit in our 
hearts and lives, do bind ourselves to- 
gether in the name of our Lord Jesus 

This was carried on until the Volun- 
teer Band was organized in 1897. Look- 
ing over the 100 names that are written 
after the constitution we find some that 
are doing noble work in the foreign field, 
some for our own church and some for 
other denominations. A number of the 
River Brethren and Mennonites attend- 
ed college, and some very strong men and 
women have gone out and are working 
with those denominations. Miss Frances 
Davidson is one. She was a college grad- 

uate and taught in the school here about 
seven years and then went to the jungles 
of Africa to teach the little colored boys 
and girls a better and nobler way of liv- 
ing. Bro. E. H. Eby, Emma Horner 
(Eby), G. M. Lauver, Emma Horning, 
F. H. Crumpacker, Anna Newland 
(Crumpacker), and G. D. Kuns are a 
few of the prominent ones. Most of the 
rest are active church workers and are 
molding character in the local churches. 

The Volunteer Band has been work- 
ing earnestly since organized. Bro. E. 
H. Eby of India deserves much credit 
for the hard work he did to start and 
develop the true spirit of missions. With 
the many willing helpers, he was able to 
enroll over 100 men in the mission, study 
classes and conduct a weekly class in the 
Volunteer Band. If students can see the 
conditions and need of the foreign and 
home field they will GO, GIVE AND 
SEND. The aim of the movement has 
been, and is today to develop missionary 
character by teaching in classes of eight 
or ten, by giving monthly and quarterly 
programs and by personal work. 

Each year there have been from 100 
to 175 men and women enrolled in a 
scientific study of missions. Many of 
these young people go home in the sum- 
mer and teach classes in their own 
churches. One summer there were over 


The Missionary Visitor 


twenty classes organized. A large part 
of these were organized by Brother Hil- 
ton, who is in China now. The habit of 
systematic giving has been encouraged 
by giving the student body a chance to 
help support men and women on the field. 
From $100 to $200 has been raised each 
year by the students alone for this pur- 
pose. To better carry on the study of 
missions there has been provided a li- 
brary of over 175 volumes. These are 
in the college library for any one to use 
that wishes. They are the best books 
on missions that can be had. 

Most of the churches have been play- 
ing at missionary work. We need to 
make it our business and make a place for 
it in our lives, in our college courses and 
in our churches. It has been tried and 
found that only a small per cent of Chris- 

tians ever read one book a year on the 
subject of missions, either foreign or 
home. The spirit of missions is growth 
and development and not stagnation or 
decay. This has been the spirit that we 
have tried to develop in the student body 
at McPherson. 

The many workers have helped us by 
sending many interesting letters; also 
specimens for the missionary museum. 
The band numbers twelve members this 
year. A number of them are preparing 
to be medical missionaries ; others 
preachers and teachers. May the time 
soon come when we as a church will use 
every means at our command to spread 
the teachings of Jesus. Every occupa- 
tion can be used to the glory of God and 
can be a means to an end, just as the 
teaching and medical professions are be- 
ing used now. 


J. E. Miller 

•^■▼-1 der the control of the Church of 
the Brethren, is just completing its thir- 
tieth year. Because of this long service, 
in looking at the missionary movement 
at the college it will not be possible to 
glance at more than the foreign field, 
for so many ministers and missionaries, 
both city and country, received a part of 
their education and a part of their inspira- 
tion at Mount Morris College an account 
of their service would make this narra- 
tive entirely too long. I speak of this 
lest the home missionaries might feel that 
the college does not appreciate their con- 
secrated efforts. Such is not the case, 
for the school knows in spirit no distinc- 
tion between the home field and the for- 
eign field, the city or the country, but 
looks upon them all as one common her- 
itage to be won for the Master. 

If I were to mention all who, during 
these thirty years, have been influential 

in directing others to the foreign field, 
the list would be too lengthy, and for this 
reason I must confine myself to only a 
few of the prime movers. And among 
these I would call attention especially to 
D. L. Miller, J. G. Royer, W. B. Stover, 
Galen B. Royer and M. W. Emmert. 

Bro. Stover will always, perhaps, be 
considered a pioneer making his way thru 
a new and untrodden forest. The old 
students remember him as an inveterate 
talker on missions, whether at the table, 
in the society, at prayer meeting or Sun- 
day school. Anywhere and everywhere 
he made it his point to press the claims 
of the foreign field. Of all the places, 
India was his choice; and the influence 
he had upon the school and the students 
as he went in and out among them has 
come to stay. It was largely thru his 
untiring efforts that our first mission- 
aries went to India. 

Eld. D. L. Miller, as chairman of the 


The Missionary Visitor 


" Old Sandstone," Mt. Morris Colleg-e, Illinois. 

General Mission Board, residing at 
Mount Morris, has always been a factor 
in keeping missions prominent upon the 
church and col- 

Ladies' Dormitory. 

Board, who, for a number of years 
was a teacher at Mount Morris 
College, and whose office for a 
longer time was in the same town, 
was the means of presenting mis- 
sions before students in such a way 
that the life of many a one was 
changed because of what he did 
and said in school, in the pulpit and 
in the mission study class. 

Since the Mission Board has 

moved its headquarters to Elgin 

and President Royer is no longer 

connected with the college and Bro. D. L. 

Miller is away from home so much, 

Prof. M. W. Emmert, head of the Bible 

school, has been 

the leading fac- 
tor in keeping 
mission work 
before the col- 
lege. And in 
his work he has 
ever been keep- 
ing before the 
student body the 
idea that mis- 
sion work is not 
so much going 
to a foreign field, 

lege here. His 
travels and writ- 
ings, as well as 
h i s preaching 
and silent in- 
fluence, have 
touched many a 
young man and 
woman in such 
a way that they 
have made mis- 
sion work the 
object of their 
lives. or any set field, as it is living the Christ 

President J. G. Royer, as the head of life wherever you are and doing the 
this school for twenty years, always push- Christ deed wherever opportunity af- 
ing into new fields, 
kept the claims of the. 
church and the heathen 
ever before his stu- 
dents, and many are 
in the foreign field to- 
day because of what 
he did for them. And 
many more are those 
also who, altho they 
have not gone to for- 
eign fields, have had 
their interests in the 
heathen lands quick- 
ened by his work. 

Galen B. Royer, as 
the secretary of the 
General Mission college Han. 

Gymnasium, Erected in 1908. 

fords. And in these years, when not so 
many are wanted for the foreign field 
and more for the home field, he has been 
instrumental in directing many a one in 
that direction. 

The mission activity of the college has 
centered largely around the mission so- 
ciety. For a number of years this so- 
ciety has been in existence and making 
itself felt in various directions. It is due 
to Bro. A. W. Ross that the society took 
up the idea of supporting a missionary 
in India. His plan was to secure pledges 
for yearly payments of a dollar or more 
from different persons, the amount se- 
cured to be sufficient to support a foreign 
worker, and thru this effort Bro. D. J. 
Lichty has been kept in India. 

After the missionary society showed 
what could be done in the way of sup- 
porting one man, the Sunday school took 
up the thot and said that it could be 
supporting a worker in the field also, and 

as a result of this has been keeping Sis- 
ter Sadie Miller active in the work. 

Perhaps the work that the college has 
been able to do in this direction can best 
be appreciated by a simple statement of 
those who have gone to the foreign field, 
who either are still there or have spent 
a number of years active in the work. 
The following is a list of former Mount 
Morris students who are or have been 
foreign missionaries: 

Wilbur B. Stover, Mary Emmert Stov- 
er, Bertha Ryan Shirk, Adam Ebey, 
Alice King Ebey, D. L. Forney, Anna 
Shaw Forney, Eliza B. Miller, Daniel J. 
Lichty, Nora Arnold Lichty, J. M. Pit- 
tinger, A. W. Ross, Flora Nickey Ross, 
Sadie Miller, Dr. O. R. Yereman, Ella 
Miller Brubaker, Demetrius Chirogotis. 

Such is a simple statement of mission 
influence of foreign mission work and 
workers as it has been and is at Mount 
Morris College. 

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THE health and prosperity of the church at home are the reflex benefits of 
her faithfulness in mission work. A non-missionary church is a dying 
church — a withered branch, whose end is to be burned. A lack of mission- 
ary spirit limits the Holy One in his mercy to the church at home. She is often 
not watered herself because she does not water others. "As is his part that 
goeth down to the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall 
part alike." We can not claim the promise of the Presence of Christ unless we 

Lgo into all the world and preach the Gospel to the whole creation. 
» ■ * fr fr ' H ' » t* » fr * »!' »t « 'I* * *X* ♦ » 3"$ 'H"* ■$ ■ $ ■ fr ' H * » t< ♦$ ♦ * *t * * * "t" ♦ * * ***♦ ♦ » fr * * " X* » t« 'I' 't« " i 

Union Bridge College, Maryland. 




D. R. Beard 

JANUARY 30, 1902, Brother W. B. 
J Stover called the students of Mary- 
land Collegiate Institute together and ad- 
vocated the forming of a Missionary 
Reading Circle among them. A circle 
was organized that day, with John S. 
Bowlus, president, and Susie M. Hout, 

The plan of the circle then was to 
have a library of missionary books to be 
read by the members of the circle. An 
occasional meeting was held, at which 
certain individuals would give to the 
whole circle a synopsis of the books they 
had read. Special meetings were some- 
times held when a public program was 

rendered and a collection taken. This 
plan was followed one year. 

January, 1903, the above method was 
discontinued, and a text on missions was 
selected to be studied during the year. 
Regular class meetings were held each 
Saturday. Since then no change has been 
made except the time of the meeting, 
which was changed from each Saturday 
at 2 : 30 to every third Saturday at 6 : 30. 
Interruptions sometimes occur in the 
time, but this is the rule. 

Since adopting this plan the following 
books have been studied : " The New 
Era," "The Crisis of Missions," "The 
Christian's Secret of a Happy Life/' 


The Missionary Visitor 


" Modern Apostles of Missionary By- 
Ways," " The Price of Africa," " Day- 
break in the Dark Continent," " Sunrise 
in the Sunrise Kingdom," and " Rex 

Each year the circle has given a mis- 
sionary program in connection with the 
annual Bible term. Portions of the book 
studied that year are assigned to individ- 
ual members. This forms the main part 
of the program. 

Sometimes missionary meetings are 
held by the circle in the surrounding 
local congregations. Mostly about eight 
are selected to serve on the program 
rendered. These meetings have been 
greatly appreciated wherever held. 

The general purpose of the circle has 
been to arouse interest in missionary ac- 
tivity by reading and studying literature 
on missions. From this standpoint it has 

been helpful to many. One year the to- 
tal enrollment reached fifty-two, but the 
average, not counting that year, has been 
about fifteen. 

No effort has yet been made to form 
a volunteer band, but several of the Read- 
ing Circle members have been actively 
engaged in missionary work. Sister 
Mary (Graybill) Brown, now living in 
York, Pa., spent about three years in 
Baltimore, Md., working for the Wood- 
bury church under the auspices of the 
Home Mission Board of the Eastern Dis- 
trict of Maryland. Sister Lulu Sanger, 
of Cordova, Md., began missionary work 
in Washington, D. C, in the summer of 
1907 and is still located there. 

Sister Laura Jennings, of Brownsville, 
Md., did mission work in Des Moines, 
Iowa, during the winter of 1907-1908. 

Union Bridge, Md. 


A Negro and Indian Town, the Home of a 
Creek-Seminole Agricultural College. 

President Leftwich, the founder and 
head of the institution, addressed the El- 
gin congregation of the Brethren recent- 
ly. His force, manner and simplicity, 
with a fine How of eloquence, captivated 
his hearers. His appeal for help was re- 
sponded to graciously. Interested fur- 
ther in the character of his work, a letter 
zvas addressed to some members of the 
Brethren living within twenty-five miles 
of Boley. The responses state he is do- 
ing a good zvork and is highly commend- 
ed. — Ed. 

T?IYE years ago, out in the Indian Ter- 
■■- ritory, now the eastern part of Okla- 
homa, Boley, an Indian and negro town, 
was founded. This is the youngest, lar- 
gest and most interesting colored town in 
America. Out in the forest, remote from 
civilization, a few red men and black 
men decided it was time to do something 
and be something — hence Boley was es- 
tablished. The town has grown to a 
population of 5,000, — all Indians and ne- 

groes, for there is not a white man in 
the town or surrounding country. The 

President Leftwicn, of Creek-Seminole College, 
Boley, Oklahoma. 

Sample Product of Creek-Seminole University. 

community has kept pace with the town, 
as something over 2,000 Indian and negro 
farmers have opened farms around the 
little city. The town of Boley has a 
model city government, under control of 
the black race. 

The citizens of Boley are peaceable and 
thrifty. It can be said to the credit of 
these black people that no saloons, pool- 
rooms or houses of ill fame exist in their 
remarkable little city. Loafers and dis- 
turbers are warned to move on. Cotton 
gins, sawmills, brickyards, lumber yards 
and small factories are the many enter- 
prises established, besides 125 colored 
merchants. The trade to the city comes 
exclusively from Indian and negro peo- 
ple. The leading citizens are planning to 
boost the town up to a population of 25,- 
000 in the next five years. Among the 
essential materials that help the town are 
five well-organized churches of different 

Again, Creek-Seminole Agricultural 
University, founded by Pres. J. C. Left- 
wich, is the most potent factor to the 
town and community. Mr. Leftwich be- 
gan this institution without a dollar and 
practically very little encouragement. It 
was conceded among the people of that 
locality that to build a school of that 
character out in the forest and in a new 
country was simply folly and out of the 
question. Pluck and tenacity dominated 
the spirit of this young man to try, if 
but to fail. With astonishment to all, 
Mr. Leftwich has succeeded, in about 
three years, in building up a plant, val- 
ued at $12,000, with a faculty of seven 
teachers and an enrollment of 250 stu- 
dents, fifty of whom are full-blood In- 

A beautiful campus is owned by the 
school, which lies adjacent to Boley; 160 
acres are leased as an agricultural exper- 
iment farm. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Thru the personal efforts of the presi- 
dent he has kept this work going. The 
institution is located in the heart of the 
Indian and negro belt of Oklahoma, only 
twenty miles from Crazy Snake's stamp- 
ing and camping ground. This college 
is attempting to train some of the grand- 
children of Crazy Snake, and is doing 
great good for the uplift and develop- 
ment of both races. 

President Leftwich travels consider- 
ably, speaking to white audiences in the 
interests of his school, and wherever he 
speaks the white people take kindly to 
his speech and interest in his cause. The 
school, nevertheless, is laboring under 
great distress for lack of funds, — a heavy 

mortgage confronts the president, besides 
the salaries of teachers and running ex- 

Here is certainly a chance for the man 
to invest his means who is not in sym- 
pathy with foreign missions and says that 
charity begins at home. The negro and 
the Indian are at our doors. They with 
their ignorance and lack of civilization 
and Christianity certainly present a great 
opportunity for missionary endeavor. 
Why do we not seek to help these people 
more when they are a portion of our own 
native land? is a question that we must 
ask ourselves and answer before the judg- 
ment bar of God. 


Edgar M. Hoffer 

I" T is interesting to read the history of 
* true men, and especially those breth- 
ren that were elders in our church in 
days gone by. Elder George Miller was 
one of our elders many years ago. The 
grass has been growing on his grave for 
more than a century. Bro. Martin G. 
Brumbaugh says, in his " History of the 
Brethren," that Bro. George Miller* was 
baptized in 1752 by Elder Michael 
Pfautz. He was ordained in 1780, and 
died in Sept. 1798, aged 76 years and 
9 months. Bro. Miller's grave, frequent- 
ly visited by quite a number of brethren, 
is located about two miles north of Eliza- 
bethtown, Pa., close to the pleasant home 
of Bro. Samuel Z. Witmer, one of the 
faithful ministers in the Spring Creek 
congregation, in eastern Pennsylvania. 
Bro. Geo. Miller's journey is ended, with 
all its scenes and trials. We know no 
more of his career than what history tells 
to us. 

But were those early brethren mission- 
aries? We can answer, and say they 
were. All their labors of love were filled 
with the spirit of missions. They may not 
have been interested in foreign mission- 

ary work, but they did not neglect home 
missions. Would we be willing to en- 
dure the hardships that our early breth- 
ren had to encounter? They could not 
board an express train like we can today, 
but they made many trips on horseback 
over rugged mountains, broad rivers 
and steep hills. They loved the cause 
of our Savior. All this should inspire us- 
and lift us up. There is yet lots of work 
to do. Who will do it? 

" Go spread the tidings round, 
Wherever man is found, 
The Comforter is come." 

We believe there are many that have 
heard the call: 

" Far away beyond the sea, 
There's a work for me to do." 

No one should oppose the missionary 
work. It is a glorious and good under- 
taking. May we not learn lessons from 
our early brethren, and be more conse- 
crated and devoted than we were before ? 
If we want a crown of life over there 
we must bear the cross of Christ here be- 
low, no matter how the world may scorn 
and persecute us. 

Elizabethtown, Pa. 

198 The Missionary Visitor 




Ora Good 


*HpHIS subject reminds us that a new 
■*- responsibility is upon the church, 
that we, as a missionary association, and 
as Christian men and women, should 
feel that a special care has been entrusted 
to us. 

Long, long ago Jesus came to one of 
His disciples, — that one who had denied 
his Lord, he who had boasted that though 
all others deserted their Master, he would 
not; it was Peter, he who had told the 
untruth to the maid and then reinforced 
his denial with an oath, and with all 
this haunting him, went back to his old 
work; but Jesus, looking upon the heart 
of man, knew wherein Peter was weak, 
yet he entrusted him with a care; and 
when Peter looked in the face of his 
Master and penitently said, " Lord, thou 
knowest all things; thou knowest that I 
love thee," — Jesus' reply was : " Feed 
my sheep," and this is His message to all 
Christians today: 

" Feed my sheep, — feed the lambs." 

Christian, this is our mission. 
" Feed my lambs," said Christ our Shepherd. 

Place the food within their reach, 
And it may be that the children 

You have led with trembling hand 
Will be found among your jewels 

When you reach the better land. 

Let none hear you idly saying, 

" There is nothing I can do," 
While the souls of men are dying, 

And the Master calls for you. 
Take the task He gives you gladly; 

Let His work your pleasure be, 
Answer quickly when He calleth, 

"Here am I; send me, send me!" 

I would say, first, we as Christian 
men and women need to encourage a 
high standard of Christian life in the new 
converts. How can we do this? By 
no better method than to live to the 
highest Christian standard ourselves, by 

having perfection as our standard and, 
like Paul, ever pressing onward and up- 
ward to that goal. 

Do we realize the extent of our daily 
influence? It has a commencement, but 
it never, never will have an end. The in- 
fluence which you start today will grow 
wider and deeper and stronger with 
every passing hour, and it is blighting 
or blessing as it goes. 

How wonderful and yet how true are 
the words, " Ye are not of the world, 
even as I am not of the world." I won- 
der, — do we keep in mind, always, that 
we have entered the kingdom of God? 
Do the new converts, and others as well, 
know we have the Spirit of Christ dwell- 
ing in us ? These are the promises, " I 
will put my spirit within you," " I will 
walk with you and dwell in you." 

We should endeavor to have new con- 
verts interested in Bible study for their 
spiritual growth. Christ says, " If ye 
abide in my word, then are ye truly my 
disciples." We may call ourselves His 
disciples but that doesn't prove that we 
are. It is if ye abide in the word, — that 
is, if you spend much time in devotional 
study, if you dwell and live in this study, 
then are you a true disciple. 

As nothing else can, devotional Bible 
study reveals to us the weak places and 
the needs of our spiritual lives. We 
have the way of growth given in Mark 
4: 28: " First the blade, then the ear, 
after that the full corn in the ear." With- 
out doubt the strongest growth in the 
Christian life is the gradual growth, and 
it is dependent largely upon the depth 
and the reality of prayer. This cannot 
be emphasized too strongly. Every 
Christian needs to pray without ceasing, 
lest he enter into temptation, for Satan 


The Missionary Visitor 


is ever after our very best that he may 
press them into his service. The tempter 
said to Jesus, " If thou trustest in God, 
cast thyself down." It is the finest thing 
in the soul's life he seeks to destroy. 

If those who have recently sought the 
kingdom of God are in some way or 
another finding it hard, they should be 
encouraged, for perhaps they have been 
led up by the spirit to be tempted, not 
because they were weak or sinful, but 
it is an opportunity that they might gain 
power and strength. Paul said to the 
Corinthians, " There hath no temptation 
taken you but such as is common to man : 
but God is faithful, who will not sutler 
you to be tempted above that ye are able ; 
but will with the temptation also make 
a way of escape, that ye may be able to 
bear it." 

It has been said, " A true Christian liv- 
ing in the world is like a ship sailing on 
the ocean. It is not the ship being in the 
water which will sink it, but the water 
getting into the ship." So, in like man- 
ner, the Christian is not ruined by liv- 
ing in the world, which he must do while 
he remains in the body, but it is the 
world living in him. The world in the 
heart has ruined millions of immortal 
souls. How careful is the mariner to 
guard against leakage, lest the water 
entering into the vessel should, by de- 
grees, cause the vessel to sink ; and ought 
not the Christian to watch and pray, lest 
Satan and the world should find some 
unguarded inlet to his heart? 

The Christian cannot expect to ad- 
vance in spiritual growth if he continues 
to absent himself from the church serv- 
ices. We need food for spiritual growth 
as well as physical growth and develop- 
ment. There is a spiritual uplift that 
comes from the church service. Then 
the contact with other Christians, the 
prayers and the songs give inspirations 
that no Christian can afford to miss. 

When we take our way regularly to the 
house of God we bear a testimony that 
others cannot fail to understand. The 
church is to us our lamp and lighthouse, 
to keep us in the right path. 

Then if we would be interested in the 
work of the Master we must " be filled 
with the Spirit." Alas ! how many Chris- 
tians merely taste Christianity and re- 
ligion ! They eat so scantily of the Bread 
of Life that they almost starve their 
souls. We ought not only to taste but 
to drink of it that we may be filled. 

In encouraging new converts to be 
regular in the attendance of all services 
let us not neglect Christian courtesy, 
showing them that we care for them, 
that they are welcome, that they are need- 
ed in the church, and that God has work 
for them to do in His vineyard, as well 
as those who have been in His service 
longer. Strength and power are gained 
by service always. Each individual 
should have something entrusted to his 
care. There is nothing like responsibil- 
ity to bring out one's best gifts, and this 
is what God demands — our best serv- 

Oh, if every Christian were true to his 
profession, how much more powerful 
would the cause of Christ in the world 
be today ! We may not be eloquent, 
may not be talented above others, but 
we can all serve — simply and faithfully 
serve. The best way, then, I would say 
to interest new converts is to keep them in 
touch with Christ. By grasping every 
opportunity for spiritual development and 
by doing the will of God they will yield 
acceptable service to the church, to hu- 
manity and to God. Livingstone penned 
in his diary these words : " Jesus, to 
Thee again I dedicate myself," and may 
this be the daily prayer of each child of 
God. As the days come with new pos- 
sibilities, with new and greater respon- 
sibilities, may he say, " Jesus, to Thee 
again I dedicate myself." 

Faith lies not in bringing forth some great things by your own power, but in em- 
ploying the power of God to work all your works in you and for you. — R. Erskine. 


The Missionary Visitor 



C. F. L. Smith 

"Honor the Lord with thy substance." — Prov. 3: 9. 

WHAT proportion ? As a minister of 
the Gospel I began giving (1) 
Systematically — " upon the first day of 
the week"; (2) Individually — " every 
one of you " ; (3) Proportionately — " as 
God hath prospered." 

At that time I thought one-tenth was 
(1) Generous, "he who soweth bounti- 
fully"; (2) Conscientious, "as be pur- 
poseth in his heart"; (3) Gracious, 
" not grudgingly, or of necessity : ■ for 
God loveth a cheerful giver." 

Since that time I have felt to increase 
this proportion step by step to two-tenths, 
and at the same time, more than ever 
before, hold what is left as sacred to the 
Lord, ready to be yielded at any time, 
should the call come. I feel that by be- 
ginning the tithing system I was helped 
away from the letter of the law to a free- 
dom from it. I sought to be a doer of 
the law, and not a hearer only. 

I recommend the tenth system not as 
.of the law, but as a principle of the Gos- 
pel, which Paul brings over from the old 
into the new dispensation. " Saith he it 
altogether for our sakes ? For our sakes 
no doubt it is written " (1 Cor. 9:7-11). 
This reference unmistakably refers to 
the Old Testament method of liberality. 
Paul goes further and clearly places him- 
self upon the ascending-scale ratio of 
proportionate giving. For example, care- 
fully study both in the English and the 
original, 2 Cor. 8: 11, and 1 Cor. 16: 2, 
and it will be seen that there is a " further 
fulfillment, even to completion" (Gr.) of 
our " doing " that we may actually be- 
come identified with the " grace of our 
Lord Jesus Christ, who though he was 
rich, yet for our sakes became poor." 
The singleness (Gr. for liberality) of 
mind in reaching this " poverty " is the 
key to the " liberality " of the entire 
eighth chapter of 2 Corinthians. 

The " tenth " under the law is a first 
step in man's responsibility — a responsi- 
bility covered only by the ten-tenths. But 
who gives the whole? Surely it is best 
seen in the man who makes a beginning 
by giving a self-sacrificing proportion. 
Shall we begin any lower than they did 
under the law? If we feel that this is 
not a gospel proportion, let us go on 
unto perfection. Let us have our eye 
upon a gospel proportion as Paul did, 
ever alert to place it — as did William 
Carey, the missionary — upon the basis 
of God's prosperity. 

As character increases more and more 
to be like. Jesus, according to the propor- 
tion of faith, just so should the manifes- 
tation of character—" liberality " — in- 
crease in dollars and cents as well as 
otherwise, according to the proportion 
of faith in giving our " own selves " to 
the Lord's standard of poverty. 

No man can properly honor God with 
his substance (Prov. 3: 9) until he has 
shown it by giving the firstfruits of his 
increase. Properly, to give. God the first- 
fruits is to show that we recognize that 
God owns all, and that we will actually 
use every particle of it according to His 

.(1) For the cause of Christ in the 
world (3 John 5-8). 

(2) For the supply of the necessities 
of the poor and weak (Acts_20: 35). 

(3) For the maintenance of ourselves 
and families (1 Thess. 4: 11, 12; 2 
Thess. 3: 12; 1 Tim. 5: 4, 8). 

The first end is in God and organized 
religion. The second end is in treating 
the weak before self, which is charity. 
The third ends in our own necessity, 
which also must be tested, not by the law, 
but by the spirit of Christ. 

To give all these objects their part in 

(Continued on Page 207.) 


The Missionary Visitor 






Dear Boys and Girls: 

Here we are on the first day of kinder- 
garten. Six of us were late and did not 
get our pictures. We have no clocks. 

For a long time our mothers have 
been asking for a school for the little 
children, but the missionaries were too 
busy. Now that it has begun, our moth- 
ers thank and thank and so do we. 

Most of us have come and live at the 
" Girls' Boarding School." Our parents 
want us to learn all the ways of the Chris- 
tians, so we live here and work and play, 
pray, sing and study. We want to be- 
long to Jesus always. We go to bed 
before the big girls, so we have our own 
prayers. We recite some verses in the 
dark, sing a hymn and then all pray to- 
gether aloud. That is the way the big 
girls do. 

Does your heart trouble you when you 
are naughty? Ours does, and we have 
no rest till our naughty ways are washed 

away by Jesus. We are glad for Jesus. 
We see that He is our Friend. 

One of us was sick when she came. 
Her mother said she was bewitched. She 
got so nice and so well that the mother 
wanted her again. Her aunt, one of the 
big girls, cried and cried to think that 
that dear little thing must grow up in 
heathen darkness and sin. She kept 
praying and Jesus heard, for the little 
thing got sick again and now she is hap- 
py in kindergarten. 

You should have seen us the day the 
little red chairs were taken down from 
a dark place above the sleeping room. 
We did not know they were there. When 
we knew they were for us, how we did 
jump and laugh and shout and roll on 
the grass ! We took them out in the grass 
and sat and sang all the songs we knew. 
One of the missionaries' little boys heard 
our noise and came to see. We played 
school then and he was the inspector. 
The truly inspector is a white man. 

We do such nice things in kinder- 
garten that in our joy we have to get 

Miss Mary Reed and Her Class of Little Africans. 


The Missionary Visitor 


down and roll or stand on our heads. 
Then we sit nicely again on our chairs 
and no one tells us to. Truly we are 

We were told that the children in 
America took their money with which 
they would have bought sweets and sent 
that we might have these little chairs 
and many other nice things that we have. 
Many of them worked for money to send 
to us. We thank (kakulu) very much. 
We never saw little chairs before. 

Our favorite song is " Bible " (Jesus 
Loves Me). We sing it every day in 
English. Last Sunday the superintend- 
ent let us sing it in Sunday school, and 
we were so glad we sang as loud as we 

We are glad that you send to us your 
songs and learning and the stories of Je- 
sus. We like them very much. One of 
our boys of six said today, in English: 
"I am thankful for Jesus very much." 
We would like to work for Him " very 
much," when we are big. 

The two tiny ones are twins, Grace 
and Luke Mfeka. Their mother has 
been a teacher for fifteen years. She 
is the " mama " of us all. When you are 
big and we are big, perhaps we can work 
together for the Lord and the heathen. 

Miss Reed wrote this for us. 

Fairview M. S., Umzumbi Rail, Na- 
tal, S. Africa, March 24, ipop. 


The sun peeps o'er the western hill 

And says " Good night " to me, 
And then in just a little while 

It's dark as it can be. 
Bobby says he goes to bed, 

But then he's very small 
And never went to school, so 'course 

He couldn't know at all. 

But I am nearly ten and so 

I ought to know a lot 
About the earth and sun and things, 

(Though some I just forgot.) 
I know that when the sun goes down 

Behind the western hill, 
He goes to visit other lands 

And see the sights until 

It's time to come back here again 

And bring the morning light. 
Sometimes I 'magine what he sees 

While I sleep all the night: 
The boys and girls in China, where 

So many things are queer, 
And boys and girls in India, 

Some hungry ones, I fear; 

The boys and girls in Africa 

And far-away Japan; 
The sun shines on them all, I guess, 

And helps them all he can. 
And mother says that boys and girls 

Who have as much as we 
Should try to help them all we can, 

Just like the sun, you see. 

— Anna Edith Meyers. 


Fate gave a child these letters four 
With which his lot to spell: 

O — H — E — R — no less, no more, 
The mystic letters fell. 

The boy received them with a frown. 

" Give me that hoe," he said. 
" Fate dooms me for a drudging clown! " 

For H— O— E— R he read. 

"Fate's fault!" they cried. 

Fate smiled serene. 

"Why blame me for his hoe? 
With wiser eyes he might have seen 

And spelled, H— E— R— O!" 

— Priscilla Leonard. 


Hark! how it rings across the sea 
From distant shores and beart to thee, 
The anguished cry, " Oh, send, the light! " 
From sisters groping in the night. 
How canst thou sit with folded hands 
In slothful ease, when those far lands 
Are trodden under foot of sin — 
Nor strive those burdened souls to win? 

How wilt thou dare the Master's face, 
When ended is thy day of grace? 

Will He not say reprovingly, 

" My child — thissyters 

"My child — thy sister — where is she? 
For love of both I freely gave 
My only Son He died to save 

From dark despair. His wounded brow 

And hands behold!" What sayst thou? 

Dost ask: "Am I her keeper?" Aye, 
And where thy Lord by thorny way, 
Through bleak and barren wilderness, 
Doth seek His own 'mid storm and stress, 
Thou, too, with outstretched hand should go, 
Striving to lift from depths of woe, 
Thy sister lost in sorrow's night, 
And lead her to His saving light. 
— Meta E. B. Thorne, 

in M. Work for Women. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Editorial Comment 

C " Blessed are they which do hunger 
and thirst after righteousness, for they 
shall be filled." Matt. 5 : 6. 

C Missionaries complain that a lack of 
the sense of sinfulness on the part of 
the heathen is their greatest obstacle to 
progress. The high caste man folds 
himself in the robes of self-satisfaction 
and pharisaical worthiness as he says, " I 
am not as other men are." The Moslem, 
filled with the conceit of his faith, little 
realizes that his life of wilful lying, im- 
morality, and bloodshedding casts him in- 
to the lowest depths of infamy and he has 
a great need of the forgiving grace of 

C But this lack of realizing sinfulness is 
not peculiar to the heathen field. Evan- 
gelists at home make a similar complaint. 
Within the church the same condition is 
too manifest. Members can hold a grudge 
for months, perhaps running into years, 
and have no sense of their sinfulness in 
not agreeing with their brother. Secret 
sin goes on and the guilty face the world 
with a brazen look of innocence, think- 
ing, apparently, they deceive God as well 
as their fellow-men. 

C But this seared conscience reaches out 
into the world in an alarming degree. 
Just note one phase of life, for exam- 
ple : Fifty years ago games and sports 
would hardly have been tolerated in any 
community on Sunday. Now the Lord's 
day is the most used for these things. 
And the hardest thing to bear in think- 
ing about this is that the Christian world 
is so strongly represented there. 

C This lack of realizing sinfulness is 
seen again in men both in the church and 
the world trying to explain away sin and 
its dire consequences. Ministers of the 
Gospel will preach there is no personal 
devil and no real " lake of fire," even in 
the face of the realistic pictures and in- 
cidents of the personality of the conflict 

which the Master had with Satan and 
His plain teaching about Hades. 

C Thus it is, not in open " demon pos- 
session," as in the times of Christ, but 
in a more stealthy way, does Satan make 
most effectual inroads into the Father's 
kingdom. Yea, verily, it has come to 
the time when a veritable lie, recoated 
by the Arch Fiend to the semblance of 
truth, leads many forever from the face 
of a loving Father. 

C Men no longer " hunger and thirst 
after righteousness " as Christ wanted 
them in the days He preached the ser- 
mon on the Mount. But they seek the 
husks of philosophy, the strained reason- 
ing of mortal man, the handiwork of 
the enemy of our Lord. 

C But why be deceived? Error comes 
not thru a study of God's Word. He has 
promised that a sincere study shall lead 
men into the truth. Why be misled, 
when to be is eternal loss, — puts at 
nought a precious Calvary, a wondrous 
Father love, a heavenly and eternal 

C "I always give liberally. ' The 
Lord loves a cheerful giver.' This year 
I gave each of our children hundreds 
of dollars." Thus commented a serv- 
ant of the Lord on his own giving. His 
congregation did not receive any hun- 
dreds of dollars; the district Board did 
not either, and neither did the General 
Board. Is it possible that when we are 
giving to our children to start them in 
earthly things that that should be count- 
ed as giving to the Lord? Thus the 
brother seems to count. But where is 
the precedent for such interpretation? 
— Yes, there is a giving to the Lord when 
we give to our children, and it is after 
this manner: The child, like Samuel of 
old, is first given to the Lord. What we 
give him, like the coats Samuel's mother 
made for him, is for his service in the 
temple, or in better preparing him to 


The Missionary Visitor 


labor for Jesus. His heart is set on build- 
ing up the kingdom and he seeks not his 
own, but spends and is spent for others 
in Jesus' name. Giving to such chil- 
dren is giving to the Lord. But when 
our gifts are simply to help along chil- 
dren who seek their own desires, who 
spend their energies to add acre after _ 
acre to their possessions, who live like 
the Gentiles do (Matt. 6: 23), even if 
they are members of the church, making 
the Lord's work secondary, the brother 
may stop and seriously reflect if, after 
all, his giving has not missed the Lord. 

C In January, 1903, Bro. Phillip A. 
Moore of Holmesville, Nebraska, having 
grown old and wishing to be relieved of 
financial cares, proposed to turn over 
two certain farms in Gage County, Ne- 
braska and $4,000 in notes to the Mission 
Board for an annuity on the basis of a 
gift of $20,000.00. The offer was ac- 
cepted and the Board took charge of the 
farms. Uncle Phillip and his wife re- 
ceived the annuity of $1,200 each year 
promptly and were without any financial 
care. Not long since the two farms were 
sold at an advance of $8,000 more than 
they were given at, and the total gift 
passing to the credit of Uncle Phillip is 
$28,000, instead of $20,000 as he thot it 
would be when he passed away. After 
disposing of the farms he and his wife 
moved to Inglewood, Cal., where a year 
or more ago they peacefully went to their 
rest. The consciousness while living that 
his property was just where he wanted it 
was a very great satisfaction to him while 

C " Are there not more missionaries go- 
ing ? Why ? " Simply and only for this 
reason: The church is not praying for 
missionaries and there are none to go. 
Large fields, white harvests, — true. But 
no praying the Lord of the harvest that 
He send laborers into the vineyard. Are 
you, friendly inquirer, among those who 
have not been praying for more mission- 
aries to be sent to the field? 

C Personal drawing to Christ is the 
only real method of developing mission- 

ary conviction. One may talk missions, 
because not to do so is unpopular; he 
may give for the same reason. But it is 
only when the life is Christed that one is 
really and truly a missionary. Hence, 
the fallacy of holding missionary meet- 
ings to revive a church. Revive the 
members and the missionary enthusiasm, 
strong and lasting, will follow as natural 
as day does the night. 

C A sister writes, asking for a printed 
program for a meeting which the mis- 
sionary society in her congregation pro- 
poses to have once each quarter. While 
there has been no such program pub- 
lished the following suggestions may 
help: Let the meeting appoint a com- 
mittee on program. Let this committee 
select suitable Scripture reading for open- 
ing; assign subjects to different ones to 
read up and report upon. It is very in- 
teresting to take, for instance, the sub- 
ject, India. Some one give a brief his- 
tory of the country; another tell of its 
climate and products ; another of its peo- 
ple; then the history of missions in that 
land; last the history of the missions of 
the Brethren in India. This will furnish 
ample material, and if assigned four or 
six weeks ahead the speakers should 
prepare a good discussion. At any time 
the Mission Rooms will be glad to fur- 
nish any available information on special 

C When Saul was a Pharisee he counted 
himself blameless, so "perfect" did he 
live up to his ideals; when he became 
Paul the Christian he was the chief of sin- 
ners and longed^ for that perfectness 
which is found only in constantly striv- 
ing to " be more like Him." 

C Talk about missionary enthusiasm! 
Think of the native members in India at 
their district meeting in cooperation with 
the missionaries creating a fund of 
Rupees 395 ($131) for a missionary cam- 
paign of their own. When one con- 
siders that these members are poor, with 
a measure of poverty unknown ' to any 
members of the American church ; when 
we remember that their wage is counted 


The Missionary Visitor 


in cents where the American wage is 
counted in dollars; when we think of 
these as young- converts to Christianity, 
having neither property nor homes which 
they may call their own, we have some 
idea of the measure of their gift unto 
the work of the Lord. Since the Lord 
does not measure the gift by itself, but 
by what the giver has left after he has 
given, surely these have made an offer- 
ing that is incense unto the Lord most 
pleasing, while for the most part the 
American churches have hardly as much 
as raised their eyes towards heaven in 
what they have given, compared to what 
they still retain for their own use. 

C A life of faith! A life of living so 
close to God that every need can be tak- 
en to the Father and He be depended up- 
on to supply it, is indeed a most precious 
privilege to all His children, but it is to 
be feared that so few thus depend upon 
Him. An example of dependence and 
of answered prayer has so remarkably 
come into the life of Brother and Sister 
I. S. Long of India, in relation to their 
own darling babe's health, that they wish 
to make humble acknowledgment of the 
Father's tenderness and graciousness un- 
|to them thru the columns of the Visitor. 
Gladly, too, is this made, and would to 
God more might enjoy the same sweet 
joy in Jesus Christ their Lord. 

C The India Native Mission Board con- 
sists of four natives chosen at their late 
district meeting and Elder J. M. Blough 
of Bulsar, representing the American 

missionaries. Concerning the native 
members, Bro. Jesse Emmert says: 
" Good men were chosen. Two of them 
are young, but the choice is good. Dur- 
ing the year we had self-denial week 
and the proceeds were brot to this meet- 
ing and laid on the altar. It lay there 
in full view while the voting for the 
Board was going on. Just think of it! 
A new church, native Christians urging 
their fellows to closer walk with God, a 
native mission board, 400 rupees in the 
treasury — who would not be rejoicing 
over such things? " 

C The Visitor editor happens to be in 
touch with a congregation in an average- 
sized city, looking quietly for a pastor. 
It is a good working church in an aggres- 
sive State district, and there is an oppor- 
tunity for an earnest, consecrated broth- 
er to do good work for the Master. Full 
particulars can be furnished. 

C Bishop Thoburn of the Methodist 
Episcopal church spent fifty years in In- 
dia mission work. He has been relieved 
because of his advanced age from fur- 
ther duty, and the Methodists have made 
•him a present of a home in Meadville, 
Pa., costing $5,000, and a check of 
$1,000. He will be permitted to spend 
the evening of his life praising God for 
His wonderful goodness unto him. This 
is another instance where, when youth 
and full manhood serve the Master's 
cause, providing not for the deceptive 
rainy day, the Lord does not forget 
His servant when he is old. 


The Missionary Visitor 


C A railroad from Capetown in south- 
ern Africa to Cairo in northern Africa 
is under construction and will probably 
be completed within the next three years. 
It will be 2,500 miles long; cost $1,000,- 
000,000, and will be the longest railroad 
in the world. This will mean much to 
Darkest Africa to bring them the light. 

C D. J. Lichty and wife have been en- 
joying some good meetings in the East. 
Their stay at Brooklyn after arrival was 
most enjoyable and their meetings at 
Waynesboro, Pa., were full of spirit and 
life. The Antietam congregation re- 
sponded with their usual large liberality 
to the appeal for help to do mission work. 

C It is hard to imagine a situation in a 
congregation where certain consecrated 
members wish to do what they feel they 
should do for the Lord, and yet because 
of the prejudice against missions, they 
must do it absolutely secretly. Yet such 
is the case, and these dear souls quietly 
go on doing their good and none but the 
Lord knows of the deeds. The Lord has 
a peculiarly rich blessing for such of 
His children that the average member 
knows nothing about. 

C At the medical missionary conference, 
held in Bombay in March, fifty-three 
medical missionaries registered, two- 
thirds of whom were ladies. Among oth- 
er interesting facts is the one that the 
demand for medical missionaries and na- 
tive assistants in that work is far great- 
ter than the supply. No greater field 
for service for humanity and the Christ 
is open today than that offered in the 
medical profession on the mission field. 

C The Weselyan Methodist mission of 
Mysore has a membership of 2,208. Be- 
sides their ministers, evangelists and 
Bible women who receive a salary, they 
have seventy-four local preachers, forty- 
seven class leaders, and 161 Sunday- 
school teachers and officers, all unpaid. 
This certainly is a fine example of look- 
ing towards a self-supporting church. 

C The following is a part of the report 

of the dedication at Bulsar, India, which 
appeared in the Bombay Guardian: 

" A very pleasant experience in the his- 
tory of the Brethren Mission was that 
enjoyed by a good company of people 
at Bulsar on March the 7th. It was the 
Sunday previous to the Annual District 
Conference, and all the missionaries on I 
the field except two, together with most 
of the Indian Christian workers, were as- 
sembled there. The new church had been I 
a long time in mind, but this was dedica- I 
tion Sunday and everybody was glad. I 
After Sunday school in the old build- I 
ings the whole company formed, and in I 
long procession marched two by two into I 
the new church for the first Sunday I 
morning service. 

" The dedication service was simple and 
impressive. ' Fourteen years ago to- 
day,' the preacher said, ' a little com- 
pany of three left Bombay for Bulsar. 
In the morning they went to the house of 
Bro. Laperson, where they had tea and 
prayers together, and afterwards went 
over to what was to be the missionary 
home.' The recount of early experi- 
ences was interesting to all, — how that 
after three years, on April 25, 1897, 
eleven were baptized ; how that two years 
later, Feb. 11, 1899, the church was or- 
ganized; and how Bishop D. L. Miller's 
visits had made a lasting impression on 
all the missionaries and native Christians. 
The Bishop had visited India three times, 
the last time remaining over a year on 
the field. 

" This church-building at Bulsar is the 
first well-built church of the Brethren 
Mission in India. The question was 
asked,— What does this church stand for? 
What will it mean to passers-by as they 
look upon it ? What does it mean to us ? 
f A city that is set on a hill cannot be 
hid.' A Christian church in a non-Chris- 
tian land stands for the brightest hope 
of the future. This church stands for 
— 1. Brotherhood ; 2. Peace; 3. Temper- 
ance; 4. Forgiveness of sins; 5. Separa- 
tion from the world; 6. The glory of 


The Missionary Visitor 


C Dr. Chapman urges Christians to 
" Give until it hurts, and then keep on 
giving until it does not hurt." 
C The intensity of the missionary zeal 
of the Christian world is the best assur- 
ance we have that the religion of our 
Lord is not dying out. 
C If we cut missions out of the Bible it 
would bleed to death. One might as 
well attempt to cut the nervous system 
out of the human body. 
C The Chicago Boys' Club during the 
year ending March 31, 1909, had an ag- 
gregate of waifs and strays in all depart- 
ments of its work amounting to 15,972. 
Many of these were given permanent po- 
sitions for work and others given tem- 
porary relief. Not near all have been 
rescued, but the percentage is splendid 
and the work encouraging. 


(Continued from Page 200.) 

our actual expenditures, each one of us 

will have to adopt some method. There 
should be method in providing for God's 
ends, as well as our own necessities. God 
is asking us all in regard to our method, 
" Should I accept this at your hand ? 
saith the Lord . . . For I am a 
great king, saith the Lord of hosts " 
(Mai. 1: 13, 14). 

For the want of a better method to 
start with, don't give up the tenth. But 
from the tenth grow in grace and knowl- 
edge, and go on unto completion, until, 
for the love of lost men, you have actu- 
ally become poor for Christ's sake ; then 
in due time both Christ and the souls you 
win shall make you rich. 

Concerning the tenth system : " Here- 
in I give my judgment; for this is expe- 
dient for you, who were the first to make 
a beginning a year ago, not only to do, 
but also to will. But now complete the 
doing also ; that as there was the readi- 
ness to will, so there may be the comple- 
tion also out of your ability " (2 Cor. 
8: 10, 11).— The Crisis. 


"Let a man strive in freedom; if he win, well ; if he fail, at least he will 
fall like a man **— From advertisement of Pennsylvania State Brewers* Association. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Financial Report 


I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren . .. Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in 

their charter. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within .'. months after my 



I also give, beqeueath, and devise to thi General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 


If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor, — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums how, and enter into such agreements as will 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 




World-Wide, , $ 679 03 

India, 544 45 

Brooklyn, 6 50 

Miscellaneous, 1 00 

$ 705 22 
703 37 

91 97 

$ 6 50 


$1,230 98 
,$3,400 42 

$1,500 56 $ 6 50 
$3,400 42 


$ 26 19 
158 92 

90 97 

$276 08 

$4,631 40 $1,500 56 $3,130 84 

During the month of April the General Mis- 
sion Board sent out 139,055 pages of tracts. 

The General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren acknowledges the receipt of 
the following donations for the month of 
April, 1909: 

Pennsylvania — $260.67. 

East District, Congregations. 

Coventry, $40; Ephrata, $40; White 
Oak, $39.90; Hatfield, $23.26; Mingo, 

$21.88; Midway, $12.75 $ 177 79 


G. M. Moyer, $1.50; Eva Martin, $1; 
Lizzie A. Bitzer, $1; I. W. Taylor 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents 4 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Upper Conawago, $17.22; Hanover, 

$11; Marsh Creek, $4.61, 32 83 


"A Brother," $3; Edmund Faulkner 
and wife, $2; Albert Hollinger (Mar- 
riage Notice), 50 cents, . ., 5 50 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Lewis'town, 11 05 

Sunday School. 

Lewlstown, . ., 3 i60 


James Houssman, $1; Mrs. Oliver 

Evans, 15 cents 1 15 

Western District, Individuals. 

"A Brother," $13.50; Cain Christ- 
ner, $5; Perry Bowser, $2; Receipt 
No. 99-43, $2; "A Sister," $1; Eliza 
D. Reese, $1; Amanda Roddy, 25 

cents, 24 75 

Virginia — $195.74. 

Second District, Congregations. 

Nokesville, $30; Middle River, 
$16.13; Mt. Vernon, $12.40; Fairfax, 
$11.32; Mt. Carmel, $6.96; Buena 
Vista, $4.95; Midland, $3.88; Concord, 

$2.25; Evergreen, $1.05, ..$ 88 94 


Second District of Va., by J. M. 
Kagey, $104.30; Wm. Myers, $2; S. I. 
Bowman (Marriage Notice), 50 cents 
California— $67.50. 
Southern District, Congregation. 

Lordsburg, ,. 


Sarah Miller, $40; James Z. Gilbert, 
$4; J. M. Cox (Marriage Notices), $1, 
Kansas — $55.07. 
Northeast District, Sunday School. 



H. C. Martin and wife,- $2; E. F. 
Sherfy (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 
Southeast District, Congregation. 



Fannie Stevens, $3; Anna M. Vasey, 
$1; Flora L. Vasey, $1; D. Vasey, $1, 
Northwestern District, Individuals. 

D. H. Gish and family, 

Southwestern District, Sunday School. 


Ohio— $44.92. 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Mohican, $11.17; Black River, $6.50, 17 67 

Michael Domer, $5; Simon Harsh- 
man, $5; "Receipt No. 9880," $2; Mrs. 

Ellen Miller, $1 13 00 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Lick Creek, 5 25 


"A Sister," 1 00 

Southern District. 

Charleston Mission, 3 00 


Miriam E. Klepinger 5 00 

Illinois — $22.07. 

Northern District, Individuals. 




















The Missionary Visitor 


Jennie Sanford, $16; L. J. Gerdes, 
$5; J. H. B. Williams (Marriage No- 
tice), 50 cents, $ 21 50 

Southern District, Individual. 

P. H. Lyon 57 

Indiana — $18.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

"A Brother," 1 00 

Middle District, Sunday School. 

Copper Creek, 5 00 


"A Brother," $10; David Eiken- 

berry, $2 12 00 

Iowa.-— $9.00. 

Northern District, Individuals. 

J. D. Gnagey, $3.50; W. H. Lichty 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 4 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

S. Schlotman, 2 00 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Emanuel Henry and Wife, $3, 3 00 

Washington — $7.50. 

H. H. Johnson, $5; Charley Bates, 
$1; Wesley Garrett, $1; O. W. Deavell, 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents 7 50 

Michigan — $6.00. 
Sunday School. 

Woodland 5 00 


Mrs. Martha Bratt, 1 00 

Tennessee— $3.25. 

A. A Nine and M. M. Fine, $2; 
Mary Loyd, $1; Frank Fine, 25 cents, 3 25 

Missouri— $4.00. 
Middle District, Individuals. 

Mary A. Eshelman, $3; T. J. Sim- 
mons (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 
J. W. Lovegrow (Marriage Notice), 

50 cents 4 00 

Maryland— $3 .00. 

Western District, Individual. 

Geo. A. Lininger, 3 00 

Nebraska, — $2.00. 

F. W. Weaver, 2 00 

Colorado — $1.50. 


Mrs. Ruth Long, $1; J. C. Groff, 

(Marriage Notice), 50 cents, 1 50 

North Dakota — $1.50. 

Stephen and Ida Hodgson 1 50 

Minnesota — $1.00. 


D. H. Keller (Marriage Notice), .. 1 00 

Montana — $ 1 .00. 

Harriet Thompson 100 

Idaho — -$1.00. 

Lizzie Lawrence, 1 00 

Arkansas — $0.50. 

D. C. Clark (deceased) 50 

Total for the month $ 705 22 

Total for the year so far, . ...$ 705 2 2 

Pennsylvania— -$185.00. 

Eastern District, Sunday schools. 

Elizabethtown, $1,6; Lebanon, $1G,$ 32 00 

Amanda R. Cassel, $20; Eld. J. P. 
Hetric and wife, Coventry Congre- 
gation, $16; Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Eshel- 
man, $6; Receipt No. 9847, $5 47 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Waynesboro, 20 00 


Mrs. Mollie C. Foglesonger, 20 00 

Middle District, Christian Workers 

Claar, 20 00 


" Ramchandra," $5; Elder Michael 

Claar, $1 6 00 

Western District, Aid Society. 

Walnut Grove 20 00 

Shade Creek Missionary Society, . . 20 00 

Ohio — $85.00. 
Northeastern District, Sunday School. 

Owl Creek 25 00 

Mahoning Sisters' Missionary So- 
ciety and Sunday school $ 20 00 

Southern District Sunday School. 

Upper Stillwater, 20 00 


S. D. and Mary Royer, 20 00 

Virginia — $65.70. 
First District. 

Roanoke Junior Christian Workers, 1 50 

Second District. 

Bridgewater, Aid Society 20 00 


Martin Garber, $20; "A Brother," 
$16; Mrs. A. C. Jennings, $5; Frank 
S. Driver (6 years old), $3.20, .. 44 20 

North Dakota— $44.00. 

Zion Sunday School 20 00 

White Rock Primary Classes, 4 00 

Snider Lake Christian Workers, . . 20 00 

District of Columbia — $35.00. 

t ?• T - c i^> k ™ 35 oo 

Indiana — $32 .00. 

Middle District. 

Birthday Offerings, Flora Sunday 

School, 16 00 

Southern District. 

Pyrmont Christian Workers 16 00 

Michigan — $30.00. 
Sunday Schools. 

Woodland, $10; East Thornapple, 

$10; Sunfield, $5 25 00 

Aid Society. 

Woodland, 5 00 

Idaho — $30.00. 

"B. V," Nampa, Idaho, $20; "A 

Brother," $10, 30 00 

South Dakota — $20.00. 

Guy P. and Eva Heagley Hurst,.. 20 00 

Colorado — $18.50. 


J. M. and Martha Heckman 16 50 

Iowa — $16.00. 

Northern District, Aid Society. 

Waterloo 16 00 

Nebraska — $15.32. 

Sunday School. 

Bethel, 15 32 

Kan s a s — $8 . 00. 

Northwestern Dist., Individuals. 

D. H. Gish and family 5 00 

Southeastern Dist., Individual. 

A. J. Crumpacker, 3 00 

Oklahoma — $8.00. 

Guthrie, Aid Society 8 00 

New Mexico — $5.34. 

Clovis, 5 00 

Sunday School Class. 

Julia Wyne's Class 34 

Oregon — $5.00. 
Sunday School. 

Newberg 5 00 

Washington — $5.00. 

" A Widow," 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 605 86 

Total for the year, $ 605 86 


Virginia — $57.29. 

Second District, Congregation. 

Pleasant Hill, $ 7 88 

Christian Workers. 

Bethel 6 71 

Aid Society. 

Mt. Vernon, 5 00 


Second Va., by J. M. Kagey, $32.70; 

Mrs. A. C. Jennings, $5, 37 70 

Kansas — $20.00. 

Northwestern Dist., Individuals. 

D. H. Gish and Family, 20 00 

Michig-an — $5.21. 
Sunday School. 

Sugar Rapids 5 21 

California — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

" A Sister in Christ," 5 00 

Idaho — $5.00. 

"B V," 5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Pennsylvania — $2.01. 

Middle District, Congregation. 

Lewistown $ 2 01 

Tennessee— $2.00. 

Individual. „ nn 

Rachel Gross 2 00 

Missouri — $1.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Amanda McLothlin, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 97 51 

Total for the year, $ 97 51 


Kansas — $20.00. 

Northwestern District. • 

Individuals. „ „„ nn 

D. H. Gish and family $ 20 00 

Illinois — $12.65. 

Northern Dist., Sunday School. 

Chicago, 12 65 

North Dakota — $10.00, 

Individuals. „„ „„ 

W. H. Deardorff and wife, 10 00 

California — $5.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

" A Sister in Christ," 5 00 

Ohio — $2.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

" A Sister," 2 00 

Indiana — $1 .07. 

Southern District, Individuals. 

James A. Byer and wife 107 

Total for month, $ 50 72 

Total for the year so far, $ 50 72 


California — $8.50- 

Southern District, Individual. 

Sarah Miller, . $ 8 50 

Ohio — $6.03. 

Northwestern Dist., Christian Workers. 

Greenspring, 6 03 

Indiana — $5,00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Snow Mahorney, 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 19 53 

Total for the year, '$ 19 53 

Michigan — $6.49. 

Sunday School. 

West Thornapple, $ 6 49 

Canada — $1.00, 

Louisa Shaw, 100 

Total for the month $ 7 49 

Total for the year, i$ 7 49 

Kansas — $10.00. 

Northwestern District, Individuals. 

D. H. Gish and family, $ 10 00 

Total for the month, ? 10 00 

Total for the year, $ 10 00 


Kansas — $4.23. 

Southeastern, Dist., Individual. 

"One tenth for the Lord," $ 4 23 

Total for the month 4 23 

Previously received, $ 4 23 


The following contributions have come to 
us during April. The work continues to pre- 
sent precious opportunities for good although 
at this writing we are laboring under more 
than usual difficulties. May 1 it became 
necessary to remove the Ogden Mission from 
1298 Ogden Ave., to 748 South California Ave- 
nue, two doors south of Ogden Avenue, but 
nearer to the homes of the boys and girls who 
have been so faithful in attendance across the 
park for the past two years and one-half. Here 
our room is wholly inadequate for the work, 

but the best to be obtained. The audience room 
is 25x40 feet, in which last Sunday we held a 
school of 95 scholars and the day was very 
cold, keeping many away. We have an old 
shed room in addition in which several classes 
may recite during the summer when the weath- 
er is warm, but when fall comes we have 
every prospect of having a school of 175 to 
250 and then we cannot possibly handle them 
in our present quarters — and nothing better in 
the neighborhood. 

Our greatest need is a permanent home for 
the Ogden Mission and the extension work. 
Will not our readers remember us during the 
summer in special prayer that the Lord will 
move to supply this great need? 

Through the influence of this work some 
five or six have recently affiliated themselves 
with the Sisters' Aid — thus the work has no 
bounds or limitations. 

Indiana. — W. H. Ulrich, Warren, $5.08; 
Forrest P. Hostetler, Bennett's Switch, $4; Em- 
ma Rupel, Walkerton, $3.60; Ohio. — H. G. 
Erbaugh, West Alexandria, $3.62; Thos. E. 
Karns, Trotwood, $4.35; Eliza J. Weaver, Sink- 
ing Springs, $1. Pennsylvania. — P. Pearl Bru- 
baker, Duncanville, $5; John A. Settle, Lewis- 
town, $2.42. Michigan. — J. W. Hoover, Sun- 
field, $2; Mrs. Martin Hardman, Bronson, $2.40. 
North Dakota. — H. A. Kauffman, Williston, $1; 
Geo. C. Deardorff, Brumbaugh, $9. Kansas. — 
R. J. Shirk, Ramona, $5.52. Illinois. — Otho 
Watson, Mt. Carroll, $6.26. Iowa. — Marie Jas- 
per, Ankeny, $1. California. — H. J. Vaniman, 
Pomona, $16.55. Missouri. — G. P. Burrow, 
Waynesville, $1.50. Ogtten Mission collec- 
tions, $11.28. Total, $85.58. 

The children and others as reported having 
taken part in the above, follow: Chicago. — 
Edna Bogda, 5 cents; Florence Bogda, 5 cents; 
Willie Krieg, 10 cents; Otto Spevock, 5 cents; 
Joe Caskinsee, 10 cents; Dagmar and Ina 
Hager, each 10 cents; Florence and Ida Wilke, 
each 25 cents; Estelle Kubik, 5 cents; M. R. 
Myers, $1; Emil Bender, 5 cents; Irwin Kubik, 

2 cents; Herbert , 10 cents; Elmer Yatri- 

son, 10 cents. Huntington, Indiana. — Charles 
Bonebrake, 25 cents; Opel Bonebrake, 25 cents; 
Mary Miller, 25 cents; Paul Lannerd, 25 cents. 
Latty, Ohio. — Thornton Kyser, 50 cents; Ros- 
coe and Laura Swander, each $1. Carringljon, 
North Dakota. — Elsie Clapper,- $1. Blain, Pa. 
— Zella C. Book, $1.50; Samuel Reeder, 28 
cents; Lottie Reeder, 25 cents; Mary Stam- 
baugh, 25 cents. Maitland, Pa. — Carl Howe, 
50 cents; Harry Teatter, 50 cents; Nellie Ed- 
minston, 40 cents; Hermon Mohler, 25 cents; 
Rupert Steinberger, 50 cents; Loyde Howe, 50 
cents. Chas. W. Eisenbise, Treas. 

860 South Clifton Park Ave., Chicago, May 
4, 1909. j8 <£t 


(Continued from Page 189.) 

urges a pure and holy life, and impress- 
es the individual's obligation to bear the 
message of salvation to the unsaved, has 
been diffusing a missionary spirit into the 
lives of those who come in touch with 
his work. This is indeed a grand op- 
portunity for our young people and those 
to whom the noon-hour of their lives has 
come, to strengthen themselves to fight 
the battles of life. 

" Go preach my gospel to every crea- 
ture." May this mandate be driven to 
the quick of our hearts and move us with 
renewed purpose and surrendered self 
to say, " Here am I ; send me." 

North Manchester, Ind. 






For the Year Ending March 31, 1909 

published by 

The General Mission Board, 

elgin, ill. 

General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren 

L. W. Teeter, Hagerstown, Ind., 1909 

Chas. D. Bonsack, 116 5th St., S. E., 

Washington, D. C, 1910 

H. C. Early, R. R. 1. Harrisonburg, 

Va, 1910 

D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, Illinois, 1911 

J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kans., 1911 


Chairman, D. L. Miller, Mt. Morris, 

Vice-Chairman, H. C. Early, Harrisonburg, 

Secretary and Treasurer, Galen B. Royer, 
Elgin, Illinois. 

All correspondence for the Board should 
be addressed to its office as follows: Gen- 
eral Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois. 

The regular meetings of the Board 
are on the Third Wednesday of April, Au- 
gust and December. 


Name and address of missionaries under 
the direction and support of the General 
Mission Board, with the year of entering 
the service. 

Postage on all letters to those outside of 
the United States, 5 cents for first ounce 
and 3 cents for each additional half ounce 
or fraction thereof. 


Vada, Thana District, 


Berkebile, S. P. 
Berkebile, Nora E., Vada, Thana Dis- 
trict, 1904 

Blough, J. M„ Bulsar, B. B. Ry., ....1903 
Blough, Anna Z„ Bulsar, B. B. Ry., ..1903 
Brubaker, Chas. H., Dahanu, 1906 

Brubaker, Ella Miller, Dahanu, 1906 

Ebey, Adam, Dahanu, 1900 

Ebey, Alice, 1900 

Eby, Enoch, H, Jhagadia, B. B. Ry., 1904 
Eby, Emma H., Jhagadia, B. B. Ry., 1904 
Emmert, Jesse B., Bulsar, B. B. Ry., . . 1902 
Emmert, Gertrude R., Bulsar, B. B. 

Ry., , 1904 

Himmelsbaugh Ida, Jalalpor, 1908 

Lichty, Daniel J., on furlough, 1902 

Lichty Nora A., on furlough, 1903 

Long, Isaac S., Jalalpor, B. B. Ry., 1903 

Long, Effie S., Jalalpor, B. B. Ry, ..1903 

Miller, Eliza B, Bulsar, 19X30 

Miller, Sadie J., Umalla, B. B. Ry., ..1903 
Powell, Josephine, Vada, Thana Dis- 
trict, 1906 

Pittenger, John M., - Ahwa, Dangs, . . 1904 
Pittenger, Florence B., Ahwa, Dangs, 1904 
Quinter, Mary N., Bulsar, B. B. Ry., .1903 
Ross, Amos W., Vyara, B. B. Ry., ....1904 
Ross, Flora M., Vyara, B. B. Ry., .... 1904 
Stover, Wilbur B., Anklesvar, B. B. 

Ry, ...1894 

Stover Mary E, Anklesvar, B. B. Ry, 1894 
Ziegler, Kathryn, Jalalpor, 1908 


Pellet, A, 168 Grande Rue, Oyannax, 

Pellet, Lizzie, 168 Grande Rue, Oyannax, 



Realizing the Father's heavenly care and constant inspiration as His chil- 
dren seek to carry out His will in the world, seeking ever to be led by His unseen 
yet never failing hand, and acknowledging that whatsoever good is accomplished 
is in His name and thru His Power, the General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren is pleased to submit a report herewith of the progress made during 
the fiscal year ending March 31, 1909, for all fields and industries under its 

In a general survey the Board is deeply impressed with God's goodness, 
manifested in the fact that no death among all its workers need be recorded 
thus far. Even no serious illness this year darkened the hour in any home 
of those on the field. And while to be with the Father is far better than to 
toil here on earth, yet to the church militant it is an occasion for thanks- 
giving that those whose hearts are so constantly braving the trials of 
missionary endeavor and are so often an inspiration and help to others, have 
been spared to labor with us. 


Following famine times about ten years ago many were received into the 
church by baptism. This ingathering did not continue and some have wondered 
why. Perhaps the principal reason lies in the fact that the missionaries have 
had a greater task in training, indoctrinating and developing Christian character 
in thQse gathered in ; so much so, in fact, that the missionaries did not have time 
to go out after others. The development of a native church is a great work of 
itself. But the past year the missionaries have been so situated that a number 
have been reaching out, and souls have been gathered into the church, — souls 
who have come because of the Word and its power, — because of the attractiveness 
of the cross of the Lord Jesus Christ. If the reader will turn to the tabulated 
reports from the respective fields he may glean the facts as far as figures can re- 
veal them. 

Native Workers. 

It is a great joy to the Board to note with what deep interest many of those 
well able desire to support a worker on the field. The spirit of wanting to be 
represented by some individual who is actually giving his entire time to preaching 
the Gospel is by far the highest type of missionary consecration. It is to be 
regretted, however, that so far the development of native brethren has not 
kept pace with the number who have tendered the Board $50 per year for such 
support. But in a year or two more, from present indications, it is hoped 
the church in India will have plenty of good, faithful brethren, who will 
be glad to give their entire time to telling the story of God's love to a very 
sinful world. 

Our Live Wires. 

They do not produce death, but thru Jesus Christ bring life and hope and 
peace. The organizations supporting an American worker on a foreign field are 

4 Annual Report 

designated as " live wires." Verily, every one of them is. Their direct touch with 
the field thru the missionary, the personal interest in the worker known to most of 
them, has created interest and enthusiasm as no other agency has been able to do, 
The following are " live wires " : 

Sunday Schools by Districts. 

California, Southern, Sisler Jesse Emmert in India. 

Indiana, Northern, Sister W. B. Stover in India. 

Ohio, Northwestern, Brother and Sister S. P. Berkebile in India. 

Ohio, Southern, J. M. Pittenger in India. 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, Kathryn Ziegler in India. 

Pennsylvania, Middle, Jesse Emmert in India. 

Congregations by Districts. 

Kansas, Southwestern, Bro. and Sister F. H. Crumpacker in China. 
Nebraska, Josephine Powell and Mrs. Chas. Brubaker in India. 
North Dakota, Bro. and Sister G. W. Hilton in China. 

Congregations Alone. 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Society, Virginia, Brother and Sister A. W. 
Ross in India. 

McPherson, Bro. and Sister E. H. Eby in India. 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, Illinois, D. J. Lichty in India. 

Mt. Morris College Sunday school, Illinois, Sadie J. Miller in India. 

Pipe Creek, Maryland, W. B. Stover in India. 

Quemahoning, Pennsylvania, Chas. H. Brubaker in India. 

Shade Creek, Pennsylvania, Sister J. M. Blough in India. 

Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, Sisters D. J. Lichty and Mary Quinter. 

Young People's Missionary and Temperance Society, Huntingdon, Pennsyl- 
vania, J. M. Blough in India. ^> 

Five workers in India and one in China are not thus directly supported. 


As an illustration of how the efforts of the church in carrying the Gospel to 
the heathen are being received in some sincere hearts, let the following letter not 
only be read, but let its message touch the heart and prompt every member to 
still better work for Jesus. The letter is personal, but its spirit is brotherhood- 
wide and hence the consent that it may appear here. The letter was written after 
the dedication of the meetinghouse at Bulsar, India : 

"Bulsar, India, 1909. 
" My Dear Brother Miller : 

" I am at a loss to find words to express my gratitude and thankfulness to you 
and to those of our brethren and sisters who gave toward building this beautiful 
church here at Bulsar, which was dedicated to the service of God on Sunday last. 
Dear brother, it was a time of blessing to all. The cup was full and running over, 
especially to me. The Spirit of God moved over the church till it shook the whole 
foundation. It made one dumb for a time. My mouth, ears and eyes were closed, 
but the door of my heart was open to receive all that came to me. 

" Dear brother, I shall be thankful to you to convey my heartfelt gratitude to all 

Annual Report 5 

those that assisted with their self-denial and prayers to help us in this great need. 

" God's ways are not our ways. To build a church in Bulsar for the service 
of God and the ingathering of sinners has been in my heart for over thirty years. 
I prayed and waited. Many projects were discussed with friends, but did not suc- 
ceed. But our Father in His own good time has accomplished it. 

" It was a long time to wait for an answer to prayer, but it came in a mys- 
terious way. First, Brother Stover's coming, my children uniting with the church, 
and at last, after many struggles, my joining the church by baptism. Otherwise 
I would have been an alien. 

" Dear Brother Miller, as this is the 72d year of my age I am putting my house 
in order and patiently await the call to the mansions above. I have had trouble, 
sickness and death in my family. The best budding trees in my garden my loving 
Father asked me to give up, and God in His mercy gave me strength to say, 
' Thy will be done.' 

" Now, dear brother, I must close with my love to dear Sister Miller, your 
brother and all others that have been to Bulsar and know Jimmy Sahib. I 
thank all for their disinterested kindness and self-denial, from my full, over- 
flowing heart, for their gift. Look over the shortcomings of a grateful brother 
in Christ. I do not think we will meet again in this world, as we are both 
getting old and I have passed the allotted time, so good-bye till we meet be- 
yond the river where there will be no more parting. 

" Your ever sincere brother in Christ, 

" James La-Personne." 

Our Special Need. 

The workers, our brethren and sisters in Denmark and Sweden, are earnest 
and doing as well as could be expected, but there is great need of an American 
worker to lend inspiration and give direction to the efforts of the church in 
these two countries. A minister, married, not too old to learn the language, yet 
having developed sufficiently so as to direct the destinies of the church in this field 
can do a good and important work. He will find the field " home like," the people 
responsive and the country a pleasant one to live in. 

Also, while in France Bro. Pellet is doing his very best, the Board has felt 
that an American worker would greatly aid in this field. The workers and the 
church would welcome a consecrated minister and his wife, and it is hoped that ere 
long there will be some one to go. 

Change of Name. 

At the Conference at Des Moines in 1908 the church changed her name to 
" Church of the Brethren." This required a complete change of all legal papers of 
the Board. The General Missionary and Tract Committee took advantage of this 
opportunity and shortened its name. The importance of the change from a legal 
standpoint was such that the following legal document was executed in order to 
settle every question concerning the change of name. It is a reproduction of the 
original paper, and any congregation or body can have a copy for the asking at 
any time they need it for legal proceedings in property pertaining to the 
church. The laws of Illinois permit the General Mission Board to close up all the 

6 Annual Report 

business on hand on June 10, 1908, under its old name, but all new business 
must be done in its new name: 

ll)e, tfte AvrvdeAsiyisqn&ii' -o^^le^A-iV o-f. the QjrvruioA CtmftSi&n&e' 
oj* the Q-e/Vma>jv 'QohtA^yt Q\<e}Jh}veAV C^vuVc^ (\ e£A -vn i9eo \!\<yvne4,, Soma, 
U. om $tf>i-e cj=| \ f |cjog AeW^y Acc-toA^ KhaZ -vn Ve<ju-&aV Co-m- 
-f-e'uenc-e dwiAma tr\e 'po\&nwon fte^-vow ©-£■ ltwve 10, 1^08, fyu -o, utrte- 
•f ZS^ -t/n. ^avoV tvwd 103 o^ao-6-ecL, -t^ve 7va/i»e •o^ <yaio( ctwA*>t\ toaV 
■cJbwniieA. -yvonx t^ie- ''QeAmow, Baiyt-Wt B^e^uVou CWvcA" -to. -t-A-e* 

Ul-iXneA^ <mj^ fa/nti-a- tfi-vft-. /./. vrC< defy «-£ J^e, iqoS. 

..7^7^..§f^r£, h ... 

' , * lO^Wn^* C£^A^ 


vX*C^x. T^A^L, 

To the Standing Committee and the Annual Meeting of 1908: — 
The General Missionary and Tract Committee respectfully requests its name 
changed from the " General Missionary and Tract Committee " to the " General Mission 
Board," so that hereafter it will be known as the General Mission Board of the 
Church of the Brethren. 


GALEN B. ROYER, Secretary and Treasurer. 
Answer. — Request granted. 

Annuity Mission Fund. 

In order to meet an ever-growing sentiment of many who wish to share their 
temporal blessings with the Lord and yet must retain an income for the sus- 
tenance of life, — persons who do not want their gifts to become part of the en- 
dowment, but rather to be consumed in mission work after their death, — the 
Board has provided for what is termed an " Annuity Mission Fund." Dona- 
tions to this fund will be held intact by proper investment until the donor re- 
leases all obligations of annuity, either by death or voluntary release during 
life, at which time the principal sum will be passed to the mission fund and used in 

The advantages of such an arrangement are these : 

The donor executes his own will while living and saves the possibility of the 
will being contested on this point after death. 

A good income is realized, the annuity being promptly paid on January 1 and 
July 1 of each year, and the donor need give himself no concern about safe in- 

The amount thus given is exempt from taxation. 

Annual Report 7 

Full particulars as to rate ? . form of contract and so forth will be sent upon 
application to the General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois. 

Traveling Secretaries. 

Eld. S. N. McCann has spent the entire year in the field in behalf of missions. 
He has preached missionary sermons, made house-to-house visitations that would 
reach up into the hundreds, and has done much to develop a healthier missionary 
sentiment among the churches. Many have responded voluntarily when the mat- 
ter of endowment was laid before them, and contracts have been made for en- 
dowment amounting to $31,150, besides what has been paid in in cash. He finds 
that many are quite willing to make the Board an equal heir with their children 
to their estates, which to say the least is very commendable. The fruitage of his 
labors is not gathered as he goes from house to house. With many the idea 
is new and it must have time to develop. These later write the' office and papers 
are arranged by correspondence. 

Meetings of the General Board. 

Three regular meetings at Elgin, Illinois, besides a special one at Des Moines, 
Iowa, were held within the year. The time to attend these meetings would 
average about twelve days to each member. For this as has always been the 
rule no compensation was allowed, each one being paid for traveling expenses 
alone. This of course does not count in the time spent in correspondence be- 
tween meetings. 


There has been no formal report from the workers in this field. The five, 
Frank H. Crumpacker and wife, Anna, Geo. W. Hilton and wife, Blanche, and 
son John, and Emma Horning sailed about September 1 for China. They have 
made their temporary home while mastering the language at Tai-Yuen Fu, Shan-Si, 
China. Here they are struggling for the mastery which in time will come, and at 
the same time studying the situation as to field. This is no small work. An ex- 
tract from an open letter to the Bethany Bible School will reveal somewhat of 
their plans and progress and aspirations. It is as follows: 

" I must report a seeming failure with my Chinese boy here. For some 
cause he has stopped coming. He says it is because he has no time, but I fear 
that it is because of his family, which objected to our house being rented to for- 
eigners. Whatever it is he may yet be induced to come back. 

" But our teacher, who is not a Christian, has become interested and attends 
the regular Chinese services now and is an earnest inquirer. He wants to go 
with us when we move; so he may become a more useful instrument than the 
other man. Our work here has not really begun, but we are going into the 
.proposed territory about the middle of March for a three or four weeks' itinerating 
trip. We expect to sell Gospels as we go and thus open the way for giving fur- 
ther enlightenment later on if this should become our field. It is territory where 
foreigners are practically unknown. There may be dangers, but we go in His 
name and so fear nothing. Pray for us, that we may have wisdom in laying the 
foundation, that we may be kept safe, that the work of selling Gospels may pros- 
per and that the Holy Spirit may make His Word plain to those who buy. 

8 Annual Report 

" We have been given many opportunities here of seeing methods of 
mission work. I feel that if there is a foreign field in the world today where 
the true aim of missions as set forth in our own Board's manual can be ac- 
complished, — namely the establishing of self-supporting, self-governing and self- 
propagating churches, — it is in this part of China. Here people as a rule are 
educated, here they are fairly well fixed, and here nature contributes so much 
towards making them by far the most promising people of any in the empire. 

" But China stands today in a critical time. Ten years will tell whether she 
is to be a Christian nation, or without a religion entirely, which depends upon the 
attitude of the church at home. Shall we not pray for an army of workers from 
our own fraternity for Christ? The need is now. Ten years later will not do. 
If we are to make our work count for most, we must get people acquainted 
with the Gospel before railroads, mines and other industries bring to the country 
men by the score who are not what they should be, and thus make the work 

" This part of China has a great future before her. She has natural resources, 
unequaled perhaps by any other part of the world. Her hills and mountains 
are underlaid with the richest coal fields in the world. Her mountains are full 
of great veins of iron, copper, silver, lead and sulphur. She also has an ideal 
climate for the foreigner to live in. Her people have the reputation for 
being the most peaceable and quiet of all the provinces in China, even in 
spite of the terrible crimes that were committed in 1900. In this city where 
we now are some forty or more foreigners were killed. Thus you see the field 
where we are to work has been made fertile with the blood of many martyrs. 
May she yield her fruit in due time to the Master's husbandmen is our 

France and Switzerland. 

" Oyannax is a little town of 10,000 inhabitants, industrial, known all over 
the world for her comb factories. Four years ago the first Brethren Mission was 
opened in France and at Oyannax. A few people joined the church, and re- 
mained faithful, even when the meeting place was transferred to Montreal, a little 
village ten miles away. Having been asked by the Board to leave Geneva for 
Oyannax we arrived here last year in April. What have we done during this 
past year ? We would prefer that some one else would write about it for us, for 
to speak of one's self is a very delicate thing. 

" Truly often we have had many reasons to be discouraged, but we have 
fought in the name of Jesus and the victory was for Him and for us. Blessed be 
His name. 

" France is a religious and also a very unreligious country. Brother D. L. 
Miller, in his book, ' Girdling the Globe,' has this to say concerning Paris : 
1 Nominally the great mass of the people are Roman Catholic ; practically there is 
but little of the true spirit of the religion of Jesus of Nazareth to be found in 
this beautiful, pleasure-loving city.' Well, if this is strictly true for Paris, 
it is for all the cities of France. The great difficulty is to have people at our 
Sunday morning service, as every one is at work as on week days; and in the 
evening there is the theater, the concert, the ballroom, etc., etc., where many find 
their way more easily than to a religious service. 

Annual Report 9 

" Still, if the difficulties are many, we have received much encouragement, 
first of all on the part of some of our faithful brethren, and in our work among 
the children. Last August we planned our winter campaign, prayed over it, 
and prepared ourselves and our people for it, so we were able to start in 
October with the Thursday school and Sunday school for children. Thirteen 
of them responded for the first Thursday; their number since that has been 
growing and today we have thirty-eight pupils. They are earnest to attend and 
learn their songs; they listen with great attention to our Scripture teachings. 
Often the parents come to our Sunday evening service. 

" At the English lessons, twelve young men started to study the English 
grammar ; a few of them, after one or two lessons, found it too difficult and did 
not continue but some kept at it. Even in teaching these lessons we have the 
possibility to speak of the Divine Master. 

" In December we started singing service every Monday, with eighteen 
young people. In this way, too, we have been pleased to come in contact with 
many families where we had no access before. Oh, what a delight to hear these 
young Catholics singing, 

" ' Come to the Savior, 
Make no delay, 
Here in our midst 
He has shown us the way; 
And let -us freely make Him our choice, 
Do not delay, but come. 


" ' Joyful, joyful will the meeting be, 

When from sin our hearts are pure and free. 
Then shall we gather, Savior, with Thee, 
In our eternal home.' 

" The visits are still the most important part of our work. We are re- 
ceived everywhere with respect and thankfulness. Sister Pellet, with her nursing 
knowledge, has been very useful to mothers and their children. She is received 
as a good Samaritan. We have many reasons to believe in a brighter future 
in France. 

" In Geneva we visit as often as possible the brethren there. Seven have been 
restored. They are pleased to be in our midst once more. Often when in Geneva 
we meet some of our late pupils. To see the sparkle in their eyes proves to us 
that they were attached to their schoolmaster. 

" The above report is what, with the help of our heavenly Father, we 
have done in working according to the doctrines of our beloved church. We pray 
our Lord to forgive our mistakes if we have made any. To the Board and all the 
brethren, we present our thanks for their prayers and financial help given. 

" Adrian and Lizzie Pellet, 

" Oyannax, France." 

Meeting places, two. Members, 32. Sunday schools, 1. Pupils, 38. 


The work has been carried forward by Brethren C. Hansen, Bro. Eskildsen 
and Martin Johansen, with other faithful members. On account of not having 

10 Annual Report 

the much-looked-for American helper among them there has been, perhaps, not 
as much progress made as might be expected. Nevertheless the ministers, five 
in all, have been holding meeting and some half-dozen have been gathered into 
the fold as the table below indicates : 





- ra 

O i 














































Thru some misunderstanding no one has made a report for the year* save the 
treasurer on finances. The growth of the church and so on will be published 
later as soon as secured. 


For the convenience of the reader the report this year aims to emphasize 
the various phases of the work rather than the places where the work was 
done. And while the work is thus shown, it is yet to be understood that the 
final aim of all is to proclaim the Gospel, and to establish Christian churches. 

Evangelistic Efforts. 

Real evangelistic effort has been more this year than in any previous year in 
the history of the mission. This has been made possible by the greater number of 
missionaries free for active service. 

The Jalalpor workers spent much time in the tent right among the people. 
During the forepart of the year they worked in the villages east of Jalalpor. 
Their first reception there was such that they had great hopes of reaping an 
early and bountiful harvest, but later developments dispel these hopes. How- 
ever, these are at present the most promising people in the Jalalpor' district, and 
it is likely that much effort will be put forth among them to lead them to the 
Lord. The people to the west of Jalalpor are not to be found at home during so 
much of the year that it is difficult to reach them. The women are at home 
and it is hoped that in the near future a special work may be carried on among 
them. The classes among whom most of the work has been done are the farmers 
and fishermen. Caste feeling and prejudice against the Christians is strong. 
Some of the plans for work in the town of Navsari were spoiled by the town- 
people refusing to allow the Christian worker to live among them and use water 
from the public well. 

The work in Anklesvar has been among the Bhils. They are laboring 
people and are in the fields most of the day. They can best be reached at 

Annual Report 


night. Many, many nights of the year were spent by the Anklesvar workers 
in the Bhil villages. With magic lantern and song and sermon large audiences 
were held till the midnight hour, and indeed several times the song and teaching 
continued till dawn. Nor has the effort been in vain, for from these villages 
a number have been baptized, and "many others are expressing a willingness to 
receive baptism as soon as the missionary deems them ready. Several workers 
were sent to live in promising villages and make daily effort with the people. 
The missionary makes frequent visits to these villages to encourage the worker 
and to add weight to what has been taught. Preaching was done in bazaar twice 
a week throughout the year. 

Church and Congregation at Vuli. 

About thirty villages were visited by Sister Miller in the district of Vuli. 
Her house-to-house visits and confidential chats with the mothers and children 
are making their impression. The prospects are more promising than ever 
before. Several months were also spent by Brother Lichty in villages where 
there are Christians. The efforts there were more to build up and strengthen 
the church than to enlarge the membership. Yet as the table shows there were 
some added by baptism and some reclaimed. 

Several preaching tours were made by the Jhagadia missionary and his 
helpers. Thirty-seven villages were visited and told the good news of a Savior. 
Nine villages were visited at least twenty times, and seven others four times. 
Almost 8,000 people heard the Gospel in these visits. In November the entire 
force of workers and several from other stations went to a Hindu religious 
gathering. Throughout the week meetings were conducted several times a day 
and personal interviews were held whenever opportunity came. Several times 

12 Annual Report 

members of the Arya Samaj tried to break up the meetings by scoffing or by de- 
bate. They were engaged in discussion by several members of the preaching 
force, while the regular meeting went on as before. 

On account of the building work in Ahwa, little of the special evangelistic 
work could be done by the missionary himself, but workers in two villages did per- 
sonal work and preaching. The missionary made many visits to these villages and 
on these occasions always spent part of the evening in the village with the people. 
The village workers have had some opposition and have not yet been able to 
lead any of the people to baptism, but their ardor has not been dampened and 
they enter the new year with much faith and zeal. 

The building operations at Vyara were made to lend their aid in the 
evangelistic campaign. Every morning, before work was commenced, the labor- 
ers were gathered together and given a lesson on religion and led in prayer. 
This close contact with the few has led some to consider seriously the things they 
have heard. They seemed almost ready to take the decisive step, when thev 
were intimidated by higher caste people. Several inspection tours were made 
to outlying villages, and to villages in neighboring districts. Just before the 
year closed a man was placed in a village for close and personal and daily 
contact with the villagers. 

In Nandurbar, a part of Vyara district, work has been carried on with 
considerable success. Special effort was made among the Bhils. Where possible, 
Bhil Christians were secured and put in the villages to teach and lead. Brothei 
Aziz, who had charge of the work, kept in close touch with his men, and in 
several villages a large number were baptized. Those baptized have expressed 
a desire to support their own teacher. Here the need is greater than the supply. 

The work was hindered some in Vada by the lack of workers. During the 
forepart of the year the missionary was alone in his efforts to reach the people. 
No, he was not alone, for there is always One who goes with His own as the^y 
go to preach the Word. During the latter part of the year the missionary and 
several helpers toured in the southern part of the district and a promising field 
was found. The people are poor and are dependent on the higher caste people 
for work, so if they should become Christians, some way would have to bt 
provided by which they could make their living. Sister Powell, in company with 
two Bible women, did house-to-house visiting and teaching in Vada and the nearby 
villages. This is an effective line of effort and is sure to have its results. 

The work about Dahanu was chiefly among the cartmen hauling timber to 
the Saunta Bandar, and the people living in and about Saunta. The cartmen are 
especially accessible, since they often stop for the night by the river near the 
bungalow. During the rains the people who can be reached are fewer than at 
other times, but this proves to be an advantage to the work, in that a few 
families were brought into closer touch with the Word. These seemed about 
ready to receive baptism, but they, too, were intimidated by their landlords and 
the money lenders. 

The large amount of institutional work carried on at Bulsar hinders to 
some extent the evangelistic effort. The teachers of . the two village schools 
spend part of their time in preaching to the people in their respective villages. 
Several evangelistic trips were made by Bro. Blough. Bro. Lellu Jalem spends 

Annual Report 


Bulsar, India, Church, Dedicated March, 1909. 

some of his time in the villages when he is not busy on the Gujerati Quarterly. 
The bookseller also made a number of trips to Dharampor and surrounding vil- 

Home Mission Work. 

The past year has witnessed more independent effort by the Indian church 
than former years. And this is one of the brightest hopes before our mission 
today. Since August the Anklesvar church, which has a membership of only 
twenty-seven active members, has been supporting one of its own number in a 
neighboring village. The Lord has blessed the work, for already five have been 
baptized from that village. 

The farmer members and other working people in the Vuli church have also 
caught the spirit of the Master and are using every opportunity to tell to their 
friends and neighbors what they have received through the Gospel. And in re- 
sponse to this effort several were received by baptism and several reclaimed. 

The same spirit has been shown in the Bulsar church. A missionary society 
was formed and much active work was done. Each Sunday afternoon during the 
dry months of the year bands of young workers went out to the surrounding vil- 
lages and preached the Gospel. Laughter and scorn and threats and ill treatment 
did not deter them. Little girls of thirteen or fifteen years stood before angry 
men and women who brandished sticks and threatened to strike if they did not de- 
sist from their preaching, and yet these young volunteers of the cross preached 
on. In this way every Sunday in five or six different villages by as many different 
companies the Word is preached by those who were a few years ago without 
any knowledge of the Lord. These are developments that gladden the hearts 
of the missionaries, and which also are destined to have a mighty influence in the 
taking of this land for the Christ. What wonders would be accomplished in the 
work of the church if every group of twenty-seven members were to have their 
representative in the field at home or abroad ! Or who could tell the result 

14 Annual Report 

were Christians everywhere to go out in groups and persist in telling the gospel 
story to people in village, hamlet and dell ? 


In the beginning of the year there were 109 boys in the Bulsar orphanage, 
known among us now as the Boys' Boarding School. Of these, subsequently, one 
was removed by death, one became an inmate of the Mennonite Leper Asylum, 
three entered the training department, three on going to their homes to visit their 
friends failed to return, eleven deserted, seven became self-supporting and one 
boy was admitted, leaving a total of eighty-four at the close of the year. The 
best work in the history of the school was done during the year. Two of the 
five teachers are Christians, the others are Hindus. The government granted the 
school Rs. 100 in aid. Two young men, formerly teachers, are to be admitted 
into the government Teachers' Training College at Ahmedabad, having passed 
the entrance examination with credit. Among 500 candidates they passed in 
order of merit twenty-second and twenty-fourth. 

The Girls' Boarding School at the beginning of the year had an enrollment of 
eighty-five. The year's record shows two deaths from tuberculosis, nine mar- 
riages, two girls became self-supporting and three entered the Female Teach- 
ers' Training College in Ahmedabad, so that at the close of the year there are 
sixty-nine in the school at Bulsar and two in the Bombay School for the Blind. 
Of the above-mentioned marriages, one was the result of infant betrothal. By 
law such a betrothal may not be broken except by the consent of all parties con- 
cerned. So in spite of every effort to retain her she was claimed by her heathen 
husband and taken away to live under conditions, which, we fear, will not be 
conducive to Christian growth. The five teachers employed in the Girls' 
Boarding School are all Christians, and three of them were brought up in the 
orphanage. The girls were especially inspired to do good work by the head 
mistress, who is a woman of exceptional ability. Several girls who had become 
discouraged several years ago, have reentered the school. Fifty-eight dollars 
and thirty-two cents' aid was granted by government which was an increase of 
eight dollars over that of the previous year. This was due to the greater 
efficiency of the school. All but four of the girls are Christians. Three little 
girls were baptized during the year. As these girls grow older and taller there 
is evidence also of growth in grace and the Christian virtues. It is hoped that 
they may all grow to be true Christian women and that they may lift their 
sisters into the light and love of our Christ and his blessed evangel. 

The boarding schools at Bulsar are the result of the famine policy of years 
ago. The schools established in the various villages are entirely different in 
fact as well as in purpose. Where there are no government schools, our mission- 
aries seek to conduct day schools for the non-Christian children. These schools, 
with their Christian teachers and Christian teaching, form one of the best 
means of evangelistic contact with the village people. Aside from the teaching 
common to all schools these little schools, with their singing of hymns, their daily 
Scripture lessons and the consistent life and walk of the teacher, become centers 
from which the light of truth cannot help but radiate. A teacher, if diligent 

Annual Report 


Bungfalow at Vuli. 

in his school work, is also most gladly heard by the villagers when in private or 
in public he tells the tidings of salvation. 

The greatest effort put forth in this line has been by Brother Long in 
Jalalpor taluka, though not with unqualified success, due largely to the employ- 
ment of non-Christian teachers — Christians not being available. However, in 
the schools where Christians were employed good results were obtained in spite of 
several waves of opposition, instigated by the caste people and their religious 
leaders. During the year four schools were conducted, and of these two re- 
ceived the approbation of the government educational inspector and were granted 
forty-six dollars and sixty-four cents in aid. Fourteen non-Christian boys from 
one of these schools passed the Sunday-school examination. The hope of the 
future, especially among the fisher people and some of the better class of farmers, 
grows brighter. 

In the Dahanu district, where Brother Brubaker is located, the schools in 
several instances continued under great difficulties. This is not because of a lack 
of appreciation on the part of those for whom the schools are intended, but be- 
cause of the opposition of the caste people who do not hope for any good results 
to themselves from the elevation of the lower classes. There were four schools 
running at the beginning of the year, but two of them had to be closed on account 
of this prejudiced opposition. 

School work in' the Rajpipla State has had its drawbacks, too, but success 
is in sight. Caste opposition has grown less and the Bhils, for whom the schools 
have especially been established, are beginning to recognize them to be desirable 
and beneficial. Up to the present time, all efforts of the Government to educate 
the Bhils to any extent have ended in failure. It is the hope of the mission to sue- 

16 Annual Report 

ceed even where the Government has failed. Brother E. H. Eby reports a girls' 
school at Jhagadia with an enrollment of fifteen, and another school is running 
at Raj Pardi with an enrollment of forty-five boys. Brother Lichty has three 
schools running with a total enrollment not exceeding fifty, but those who do at- 
tend are doing good work. Many of them are regular attendants at church and 
Sunday school. A few of the children have been the means of bringing their par- 
ents to the church. 

A very successful school has been running for several years at Kukvadi, in 
Bulsar district. One* of the three teachers is a Christian. Twenty-four of the 
boys passed the Sunday-school examination. The school received as grant-in-aid 
from the Government the sum of twenty-six dollars. 

Bro. Pittenger, in the Dangs, has been attempting to start schools among the 
most primitive and backward people with whom we have to deal. At Ahwa the 
average attendance for the year was twelve. Those who attend most regularly 
are making good progress, both in day and Sunday school. At Dolidol and 
Kalamvihir the children have not yet attained the school-going habit. The at- 
tendance has been very unsatisfactory, but persistent effort in the future cannot 
help but bring success. 

When the day school is impossible another resort is the night school. Into 
this are gathered boys and girls and sometimes men, who labor all the day long 
and who could not attend any other school if they desired. Usually there is not 
a very definite working program in these schools, for they sing, study or discuss 
religious questions at will. Sometimes they dismiss early and sometimes they 
continue till a late hour. Among the things taught are a catechism, the Lord's 
prayer, and the ten commandments. Such work as this has been carried on most 
extensively and most successfully by Brother Stover in Ankles var and the sur- 
rounding villages. Altogether he has eight of these schools and they are taught 
by Bhil teachers. These are superintended by a native brother, who may super- 
intend several such schools to good advantage. One of the Bhil teachers has 
been baptized and others are near the kingdom. The night school like the day 
school is a central place for preaching. The people want to hear and when the 
preacher comes they are prepared to receive his message. 

Training Department. 

The little schools here and there produce now and then a bright lad who 
can go higher, and the missionaries like to hold on to every one of that kind, 
for he is most useful. The work needs men in whom all confidence can be placed, 
and who are able to direct the work that may be put into their hands and make 
it a success. To this end we have a training department in connection with 
the schools at Bulsar, where special attention is given to preparing young people 
for the future work in which there is so much need. Bro. Blough reports that 
during the year four of the young brethren passed the prescribed Gujerati 
course, and received Government teachers' certificates, and are now employed as 
teachers. Two of these are at Bulsar, one at Jalalpor, and one at Anklesvar. 
On has been employed as teacher at Bulsar without having finished his course 
of study. Seven others continue their studies. In December three new boys were 
admitted from the Boys' Boarding School. The cost for each one is about $30 

Annual Report 17 

a year, the amount varying according to the standard and the cost of the school 
supplies. . & 

This department is a permanent and growing feature, whose importance 
can scarcely be overestimated. Those who are seeking to aid in very definite mis- 
sion work — work that will tell from year to year, and keep on getting better 
all the time — we would recommend to endow a scholarship in the training de- 
partment. Whoever does this will help an ever-increasing number of well-in- 
tentioned needy young members over what may well be regarded the crisis 
period of their lives. 

The Sunday Schools. 

The Sunday school continues to be an important feature of mission work. 
In schools for Christians the methods of procedure resemble those used in the 
home land, but it is quite different in schools for non-Christians. The difference 
is not intended to be an improvement over the regular methods, but an ad- 
justment to stubborn conditions. For want of a better name those among non- 
Christians have been termed unorganized Sunday schools, to distinguish them 
from the organized ones among the Christians. 

An examination of the Sunday-school table attached will reveal some interest- 
ing facts. The increase in the number of schools during the past six years 
has been thirty-five, and of these thirty-five, twenty-five are direct evangelistic 
agencies among the heathen. There were thirty-eight schools conducted during the 
year, and of these twenty-eight were primarily among the heathen, and attended 
by more than 700 Hindus. Of these Hindu children, fifty entered the All India 
Sunday-school examination, and thirty-eight passed. The three schools con- 
ducted in the year 1902 were attended almost exclusively by orphan children, 
who numbered over 600. At the present such pupils number only 175, while the 
total attendance of the schools in 1908 was almost 1,200. Another very interesting 
feature is that in 1902 no contributions were made at all by the Sunday schools. 
The table shows a steady increase until in 1907 when it reached Rs. 572, or $191. 
This year the amount decreased to the extent of $29.10, and this for a time seemed 
to be a bad indication. But at the time this report is written, March 11, it was 
found that over and above the $180 contributed by the Sunday schools the 
Christian community as a whole contributed to home mission work through the 
self-denial week fund $131.64, which shows an increase of $120.66 in the total 
contributions of the church in India. This development has caused great joy 
among the Indian Christians as well as among the missionaries. There may be 
some questioning why the number of conversions should be getting less as the 
number of schools increases. This can be explained. The large number bap- 
tized during the first years were from the orphanage. They are now practically 
all baptized, and the seed sown in the new schools in the villages has not yet 
brought forth its fruit, but the blossoms are in sight. 

Another feature is worthy of mention. It is the work in the All India Sun- 
day-schoof examination. Ten schools had representatives in this work. In these 
ten schools 334 entered and 278 passed, and received certificates. Two received 
silver medals. Last year ten schools were represented, but only 240 candidates 
passed. The work of the various stations and schools is suggested by the table, 
so no more comments are made here. 


Annual Report 

Sunday-school Statistics, 1908. 




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16 8 






















9 10 










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29 7 









63 6 










484 8 





$1.00 equals 3 rupees. 









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. 1902 

.. 3 





.. 4 







.. 8 



299 8 




... 11 





361 7 





.. 14 





454 8 




1907 .: 

.. 35 





572 11 











484 8 





2278 10 



$1.00 equals 3 


Distribution of Christian Literature. 

The sale of Bibles and Testaments and portions of Scripture, along with 
tracts and other publications from the Christian press, constitutes a distinct 
feature of mission work which in some respects has advantages over other 
methods of evangelization. Books and tracts are sold, not given away. This is 
according to the plan of the Bible Society from whom most of the Bibles are 
secured, and we find the plan a good one. Three booksellers, one at each of our 
larger railway stations, are supported by the Bible Society of Scotland. 

Bro. Long had two booksellers in the field. One spent most of » his time in 
the villages with varied success. The one who sold at the Navsari railway station 
succeeded better. Among the traveling public there are many educated men who 
purchase from his stock of Christian literature to pass the time away on the train, 
and thus many who would not otherwise have known the Christ have learned of 

Annual Report 10 

Him for the first time. The sales during the first part of the year were better 
than later as a result of the opposition arising from the general unrest in 

Kanji, the Anklesvar bookseller, made a fair record in his sales. Unable 
himself to thoroughly appreciate his wares on account of poor education, he yet 
seems able to persuade the other fellow to buy. He labors through a tract or 
book and catches on to some striking sentence or story and then advertises by 
shouting out to travelers the catch-sentence or story-subject. Some buy and read 
gladly, others examine and when they see that the book treats of the Christian 
religion fling it back to the seller or perhaps tear it to pieces to show their dis- 
gust. It takes a stout heart and brave to bear up well under all the discourage- 
ments they meet in their efforts to distribute the literature. 

The boy at Bulsar sells and preaches. His sales were not as many as some 
of the others, but the good he has done cannot be measured by this alone. He 
believes in his religion and tries to persuade others to do so, too. He knows he 
has the truth and that conviction nerves him to meet all sorts of people. 

The Gujerati Quarterly, edited by Bro. Blough, has a paid subscription of 
1,232, and is growing in favor in other missions as well as in our own. It is the 
first of the kind published in Gujerat. 

Bro. Stover has been editing a little Gujerati Christian newspaper known as 
the Prakash Patra. It is published quarterly and during the year about 14,000 
copies were distributed free among the people. It is full of catchy items, interest- 
ing incidents, and solid facts about the Christian religion and its progress in the 

Table Showing Colporter Work. 

Station Colporters Bibles N. Tests. Gospels Tracts 

Sold Sold Sold Sold 

Ankleshwer, 1 6 14 1999 651 

Bulsar, 1 2 4 886 744 

Jalalpor, 2 3 18 2831 1953 

4 11 36 5716 3348 


It was mentioned in the report of last year that 1907 was an era of house- 
building. Perhaps it ought to be said 1908 was an era of finishing up work of 
the previous year. Not a little time was occupied in this kind of necessary work. 
The bungalow at Vada was completed by Bro. Berkebile, and they are very 
glad indeed for a good house and one that will be a protection in time of heat 
or rain. The well-digging is yet incomplete as the year closes, but sufficient 
depth has been secured to hold water long after the rains have ceased. The dig- 
ging will be resumed as soon as the water is exhausted. 

A new bungalow was erected at Vya*a. The mason work was done by a 
Christian contractor, and the fair way in which he did his work relieved Bro. 
Ross much in the management of the work. Much of the woodwork was done 
by carpenter boys and men from the mission shop in Bulsar. A line of houses 
for India workers was also erected at Vyara. This work occupied most of the 

20 Annual Report 

time of Bro. Ross and his men up to the break of the monsoons in June. A 
v^ell was also dug, and a good supply of water secured. These provisions made 
the workers feel that they are now ready for some good, solid work in the real 
evangelistic field. 

Of all the building work yet done in the mission, the job that has fallen into 
the hands of Bro. Pittenger in the Dang forests, is perhaps the most trying and 
difficult. He has had to superintend personally the collecting of all materials, such 
as timber, lime, bricks, tiles, sand, and stones. Trees had to be cut down for 
timber and hauled to the* bungalow, limestone globules dug out of the side of an 
immense hill, burned into lime and then carried on the backs of bullocks up the 
hill, five miles by footpath to the building sitej a brick maker had to be called from 
a town more than 200 miles away to burn bricks and tiles. He proved to be 
very dishonest and in more than one way brought trouble and inconvenience to 
the builder. Every stroke of skilled labor had to be done by imported workmen, 
as the people of the hills have no skill. These imported workmen made no end of 
trouble in their demands for conveniences such as they were used to in their city 
homes. Many of them fell sick with fever. Bricks turned out bad, laborers were 
incompetent and lazy, contractors proved untrue, and even fever came to make 
the way of the patient builder more difficult. Several trips were made by Breth- 
ren Ross and Emmert to help out in times of special difficulty, but after all the 
chief burden had to rest on Bro. Pittenger. The year closed with the house 
unfinished, but in process of construction, and it is hoped that it may be ready 
for occupancy before the rains come again. 

The second of the rent houses at Bulsar, made possible by the good gift of 
Bro. Nicky, was finished and occupied for a time by the weavers and carpenters. 
Later the new shop was finished and it was used by the workmen and the house 
rented to Christian tenants. Final permission to build the church was received 
just six weeks before the rains began to fall. These were busy weeks, but when 
they closed we had a good foundation laid for the building. The mission car- 
penters set to work on the woodwork and when the rains ceased door and window 
frames and much other material were ready to put to their places in the walls. 
A good Christian contractor was secured for the mason work, and he did his 
work well. As the year closes the church is not complete, but it is well on the 
way and will mean much to us all when it is finished. It has taken much of 
Bro. Emmert's time and thought, for while the woodwork is principally the 
work of our own Christian carpenters under Bro. Emmert's direction, it repre- 
sents his effort from beginning to end. It will be a neat, plain, practical build- 
ing and one, it is hoped, that will be a resort for private and public prayer every 
day of the year. 


More and more do the missionaries come to feel that some provision shoulc 
be made for those who would become Christians, but who, by so doing, woulc 
be thrown out of employment. Many are they who would seek the truth ii 
in so doing they could feel that they would not have to enter into days o: 
starvation. In very many cases the man who leaves his old life and customs t( 
follow the Christ in newness of life, finds himself deserted by his relatives an( 
friends, and the whole non-Christian community about him seems to unite in mak- 

Annual Report 21 

ing it hard for him to support himself by his old occupation. To meet this the 
mission has to make some provision for its converts to support themselves by hon- 
est labor. 

To this end is the farm-work at Vuli, which has grown to be a success. The 
several young farmers, all orphan boys of a few years ago, are now entering into 
their promised land. The land they 'farm and the cattle they use will be their 
own if the crop of this year proves to be as good as indications suggest. When a 
few have shown what they can do, working with us as we direct, it will be a great 
impetus to many more to do as they are told by the missionary. A second 
group of boys has commenced farming also, and if they continue to be diligent 
and faithful, they will receive bullocks and land to farm partly for themselves, 
but under the direction of the missionary. Bullocks and land are furnished on 
such conditions that, as the work prospers, the mission receives back the money 
invested. This helps the boys, in that it saves them from the merciless money 
lender, who would demand as high as 20% and even 25% for the money loaned. 
Who could start farming under such conditions and succeed? 

As the Christian community grows there will be more demand for land, 
which converts from the farming classes may secure on reasonable terms. The 
encouragement such opportunity gives to earnest seekers, and the stability it gives 
to the community, make the matter one that merits careful consideration. There 
are several tracts of government land, near Vyara, that it is hoped may be se- 
cured on easy terms. 

The boys who are yet at Bulsar and in the industrial work with Bro. Emmert 
have two lines of work open to them, weaving and carpentry. During the year 
one of the Christian weaving teachers was sent to a weaving school for a few 
weeks to get some points in advanced weaving. He returned with increased 
enthusiasm for the work and able to make successfully several new designs of 
cloth. A new and improved hand-loom was added to the equipment of the weav- 
ing department. It is the hope that a larger output at smaller cost may be secured 
when once the weavers acquire skill in its use. It is found necessary to reduce 
the cost of production, as other weavers undersell us. Effort is being made to 
increase the speed of the machines, and also to reduce the time and labor neces- 
sary to prepare the yarn for the loom. There has been a fair sale of cloth, but 
there was a larger supply on hand at the end of the year than is desirable. 

The carpenters spent most of the year in building operations. Some furni- 
ture was made. The quality of goods produced in the shop is good, but the cost 
of manufacture is more than it ought to be. An effort is being made to reduce 
this and put the business on a self-supporting basis. A qualified teacher was se- 
cured just before the end of the year. He has had training in model carpenter 
work and in mechanical drawing, and is instructing three small classes in these 
lines of work. 

English Work. 

In all our stations there is but one where any English work can be carried 
on, and that is Bulsar. Sunday evening services were held regularly through- 
out the year, and those who attend at all are quite regular in their attendance. 
It so happens that this work affects railway people especially, and very often 
just about the time a family gets really alive to their religious duty and oppor- 

Graves of Two of Adam Etoey's Children at Dahanu, India. 

King: Ebey. 

Mary Alice Ebey, Paul 

tunity they are transferred to another station, which is' discouraging to the little 
congregation. In the latter part of the year a collection box was placed near the 
door, and altogether forty rupees have been received. This was voted for a 
pulpit in the new church. 

Prayer meeting on Wednesday evening was also held regularly throughout 
the year. This is the rule at all the stations, but in Bulsar the meeting on 
Wednesday evening is in English. Both the Sunday evening services and the 
prayer meetings have been held in the mission house, and will continue to be 
until the new church is completed. 

Rumor is making it stronger and stronger that the railway authorities intend 
taking up much land at Bulsar and building a score or more of houses for rail- 
way families. In this event, it will be wise on our part to take time by the fore- 
lock and get our long-talked-of English school going. The sooner this is done 
now the better, for the assurance of a considerably increased English-speaking 
population is sufficient to dispel all doubts about the question. 

Our Needs. 

Of course there are in a growing- mission growing needs just like in a 
growing family. If these needs are listed here, perhaps some one will be in- 
terested in them, and supply the need without further solicitation. 

1. We need a building at Bulsar for the teachers of the boarding schools; 
also for the students in the training department. The present one is so tumble- 
down that it makes us all ashamed to look at it. Estimated cost, $1,200. 

2. We need a number of houses in various villages where centers of Chris- 

Annual Report 


tian work are being established; houses suitable for the teacher to live in and 
have school at the same time. Estimated cost, $150 each. 

3. We need additional lands here and there for creating Christian centers 
among the people who are willing to work, but find themselves always at the 
bottom and the object of special hatred when they try to get up and out of the 
old ruts. 

4. We need endowments for the training department, so that young men and 
women who ought to prepare for effective Christian work may be able to do 
so. Cost, $30 a year. 

5. We need up-to-date magic lantern slides, and out-of-date Sunday-school 
wall charts and Sunday-school tickets. All these are helpful. Several of our 
missionaries have managed to secure magic lanterns, but slides are expensive. 

6. We need one or two more good missionaries now. We have a large field, 
and we can work it, but at least two more men entering now on the work would 
find a very, very large sphere for their activities. 

7. We need very soon now a sister who is a professional schoolteacher. 
And then, for a schoolhouse and land suitable, we also need about $2,000 to 

8. We need the doctor we have been long time hoping for, and the sooner 
he comes onto the scene of action the better, — if he is the right man. 

9. We need the hospital, for people in all lands appreciate the help they get 
in time of sorest need. 

10. We need the prayers of all the brethren daily, for the work is a daily 
work and the warfare a daily warfare. Our strength is in the Lord. 

Daniel J. Lichty, 
Jesse B. Emmert, 
Wilbur B. Stover. 

Village School Table. (Bulsar Orphanage Excluded.) 












~ a 


a bo 









































Annual Report 
Table for the Church in 1908. 








o t> 








N <U 


• N 














































































































The figures for Nandurbar are included in Vyara. 

Present Property Values. 





































$ 100 


$ 4 

$ 1,900 








































iy 2 




1 75 


















Bulsar property includes the new House of Worship. 


Annual Report 25 

1. World-Wide Fund. 

Donations from congregations and individuals, including 
interest on endowment contracts, as reported in the 

Missionary Visitor, $ 11,161 98 

Bicentennial Offering, 37,844 01 

Interest from endowment and real estate 21,934 15 

Surplus of investment thru sale of Colorado farm, 1,662 25 

Earnings of Bank Account, 318 08 

Colored Missions, Palestine, Ark., Donations, 44 00 

Sundry Items, 136 72 

Total, . . $ 73,101 19 

Expenditures — 

Annual Meeting Committees, See account No. 14, $ 254 29 

Annuity, 14,813 66 

Publications, See account No. 17, 4,494 55 

Brooklyn Mission, See account No. 15, 1,600 00 

Colored Mission at Palestine, Arkansas 150 00 

Denmark, 806 84 

Sweden, 1,141 36 

District Work, See account No. 18, 4,400 00 

France, Switzerland, Missions, 1,460 96 

Brethren Publishing House, See account No. 16, 3,699 97 

Transferred to India account, 8,881 68 

Transferred to China account, 343 77 

General Expenses, See account No. 19, 3,901 25 

Total Expenditures, $ 45,948 33 

Overdrawn one year ago, 6,120 25 $ 52,068 58 

Balance on hand, 21,032 61 

2. India Missions. 

Receipts — 

Cash on hand at beginning of year, $ $ 1,995 04 

Donations reported thru Missionary Visitor, 735 00 

Interest on Endowment, 116 85 

Special support, 5,625 00 

Transferred from World-Wide fund, 8,881 68 

For Transmission, See account No. 12 275 16 

Donated for Hospital, 1,019 35 

Donated for Native Workers, See account No. 13, 1,182 76 

Donated for Orphanage work, 2,935 48 

Donated for Christian village farm, 100 00 

Total receipts, 

Expenditures — 

General Mission work, $ 

Gujerati Literature fund, 

Industrial work, 

Training department, 

Bungalow fund, 

Famine Relief, 

Support of workers, 7,475 00 

Return expense of three return missionaries and two new 

missionaries, 1,013 54 

Transmitted to individuals in India, 275 16 

For supporting native workers, 1,182 76 

For orphanage work, 3,500 00 

Total expenditures, $ 20,446 46 

Balance on hand, India hospital, 2,021 93 

Balance on hand, India orphanage, 397 93 2,419 86 

$ 22,866 32 

$ 20,871 28 

$ 22,866 32 

4,750 00 
300 00 
400 00 
550 00 
700 00 
300 00 

26 Annual Report 

3. China Missions. 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, $ 1,651 08 

Donations reported thru Missionary Visitor, $ 401 68 

Southwest Kansas District, 250 00 

Transferred from World-Wide fund, 343 77 

Total receipts, $ 995 45 

$ 2,646 53 

Expenditures — 

Expense of sending five to field, $ 1,296 13 

Account support on the field, 1,350 40 

Total expenditures, $ 2,646 53 

North Dakota has provided funds (See account No. 11), but on account of not 
knowing definitely the amount of the support for the missionaries no amount has been 
transferred to this account this fiscal year. 

4. Church Extension. 

The Loans — 

Donations during the year, $ 16 58 

Received on loans from churches as follows: — • 

Altamont, Kansas, $ 45 00 

Berthold, North Dakota, 50 00 

Bowbells, North Dakota, 100 00 

Broadwater, Missouri, 40 00 

Carrington, North Dakota, ' 82 00 

Elgin, Illinois, 50 00 

Fredonia, Kansas, 40 00 

Fruita, Colorado, 120 00 

Fruitdale, Alabama, 89 76 

Hoyle, Oklahoma, 40 00 

Irvin Creek, Wisconsin, 18 00 

James River, North Dakota, 38 00 

Kansas City, Kansas, 75 00 

Lakeside, Michigan, 60 00 

Mount Tanner, Virginia, 40 00 

North Star, Oklahoma, 80 00 

Parsons, Kansas, 103 00 

Red Cloud, Nebraska, 100 00 

Rockford, Illinois, 842 83 

Spokane, Washington, 400 00 

Tekoa, Washington, 100 00 

Weiser, Oregon, 100 00 

Weston, Oregon, 260 00 

Williston, North Dakota, 200 00 $3,073 59 $3,090 17 

Expenditures — 

Loans made to churches: 

Red River, Oklahoma, $ 500 00 

Bright Star, Oklahoma, 200 00 $ 700 00 

Cash on hand, 2,390 17 $3,090 1 

The Fund- 
On hand, April 1, 1908, $ 10,815 50 

Donated during the year, 16 58 

$ 10,832 08 
This fund consists on April 1, 1909 of 

Unpaid loans to churches, $ 8,44191 

Cash on hand, 2,390 17 $ 10,832 08 

Annual Report 27 

5. Missionary and Ministerial Relief Fund. 

Receipts — * 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, 

From earnings of Gish publishing fund, 

Expenditures — 

D. W. Stouder, Emporia, Kansas, $ 

Henry Sheets, Prathers Creek, N. C, 

E. M. Sheets, Dresden, N. C, 

S. M. Forney, Kearney, Kansas, 

W. T. Pursley, Eagle Rock, Va., 

S. Glick, Idaho, 

Total expenditures, 

Balance on hand, 

6. Gish Testament Fund. 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, $ 

Income from sales, 


Expenditures — 

New edition of Testament, $ 630 00 

Balance on hand, $ 226 01 

7. Gish Publishing Fund 

Receipts — 

Income from estate, $ 3,362 11 • 

Income from sales, Brethren Publishing House, 72 51 


6,496 28 
472 42 


6,968 70 

195 00 
60 00 
60 00 
15 00 
96 00 
43 34 


469 34 


6,499 36 

687 03 
168 98 


856 01 

Total receipts, $ 3,434 62 

Expenditures — 

Books published during the year, $ 829 79 

Sister Gish's annuity, 1,000 00 

20% to Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund, 472 42 

Overdrawn balance from last year, 486 92 

Total expenditures, $ 2,789 13 

Balance on hand, 645 49 $ 3,434 62 

8. Brooklyn Meetinghouse. 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, $ 18,760 17 

Donated during the year, and reported in the Missionary 
Visitor under Board's report, as received at Elgin, 
Illinois, 287 16 

Total, $ 19,047 36 

Expenditures — 

Forwarded to Brooklyn for use in house, $ 18,952 94 

Balance on hand, $ 94 42 

9. Special Funds. 

Africa — . 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, $ 46 50 

Donated during the year, 12 00 $ 58 50 

Japan — 

Balance on hand, no increase, 75 80 

Philippines — 

Balance on hand, no increase 74 40 

Porto Rico- 
Balance on hand, no increase, 227 54 



23 23 

16 00 



28 Annual Report 

South America — 

Balance on hand, no increase, $ $ 49 44 

New England Mission — 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, 36 17 

Donated during the year, 40 00 

Southern Native White — 

Balance on hand, no increase, 

Australia — 

Balance on hand, no increase, 

Cuba Meetinghouse — 

Donations during the year, 

Cuba mission, 

Total of special funds, $ 745 46 

10. Interest Bearing Funds. 

Receipts — 

Bills receivable,— loans paid, $ 74,942 62 

Scandinavian poor fund, — interest in funds in hand, 137 50 

World-wide endowment paid in, 15,378 77 

Payments made on real estate, 9,662 75 

Gish estate converted into cash, 341 15 

Annuity mission funds, 1,000 00 

Gospel Messenger endowment, 25 00 

Overdrawn, — now in loans, 27,997 15 

Total, $129,484 94 

Expenditures — 

Bills receivable, — new loans made, $ 92,455 00 

Temporary loan to Brethren Publishing House, 11,000 00 

Invested in real estate, - 7,180 00 

Scandinavian poor fund sent to Sweden, 268 00 

Overdrawn last year, — now paid back, 18,581 94 

Total, $129,484 94 

11. Special Support Funds. 

Balance on hand, $ 405 89 

Receipt No. 3538, $ 120 65 

Receipt No. 3704, 105 90 

Receipt No. 3813, 9 07 235 62 

Total, $ 64151 

Expenditures — 

For Mrs. Jesse Emmert, $ 250 08 

Balance on hand, : . $ 391 51 

Middle Pennsylvania Sunday Schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 3476, $ 125 00 

Receipt No. 3749, . . 125 00 $ 250 00 

Expenditures — 

For Jesse Emmert, $ 250 00 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday Schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance on hand, $ 34 60 

Receipt No. 3797, 90 40 

Total, $ 125 00 

Expenditures — 

For Kathryn Ziegler, $ 125 00 

Annual Report 29 

Pine Creek Congregation, Maryland. 
Receipts — 

Balance on hand, $ 400 00 

Receipt No. 3926, 200 00 

Total, $ 600 00 

Expenditures — 

For W. B. Stover, $ 250 00 

Balance on hand, $ 350 00 

Quemahoning Congregation, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Balance on hand, : . . . $ 125 00 

Receipt No. 3492, $ 125 00 

Receipt No. 3845, 250 00 375 00 

Total, $ 500 00 

Expenditures — 

For Chas. H. Brubaker, $ 250 00 

Balance on hand, $ 250 00 

Northwestern Ohio Sunday Schools. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 3601, $ 250 00 

Receipt No. 3752, 250 00 $ 500 00 

Expenditures — 

For Bro. and Sister S. P. Berkebile, $ 500 00 

Nebraska Foreign Fund. 
Receipts — 

Balance on hand, $ 260 69 

Receipt No. 3536, $ 25 00 

Receipt No. 3565, 52 75 

Receipt No. 3627, 49 00 

Receipt No. 3798, 67 39 

Receipt No. 3810, 9 00 

Receipt No. 3840, 112 40 

Receipt No. 3897, 12 61 


Expenditures — 

For Josephine Powell, $ 250 00 

For Mrs. Chas. H. Miller, 250 00 

Balance on hand, $ 88 84 

McPherson Congregation, Kansas. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 3566, $ 250 00 

Receipt No. 3753, 250 00 

Expenditures — 

For Bro. and Sister E. H. Eby, 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Circle, Virginia. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 3738, $ 250 00 

Receipt No. 3774, 250 00 

Expenditures — 

For Bro. and Sister A. W. Ross, 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 3855, $ 125 00 

Expenditures — 

For Bro. D. J. Lichty, $ 250 00 

Balance due the Board, $ 125 00 


328 15 


588 84 


500 00 


500 00 


500 00 


500 00 


500 00 

30 Annual Report 

Mt. Morris College Sunday School, Illinois. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 3855, $ 250 00 

Expenditures — 

For Sadie J. Miller, 250 00 

Second District of Virginia. 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, $ 486 22 

Middle congregation, Receipt No. 3490, $ 10 00 

Middle River congregation, Receipt No. 3531, 40 00 

Greenmount congregation, Receipt No. 3620, 57 00 

Elk Run congregation, Receipt No. 3714, 25 00 

Pleasant Valley congregation, Receipt No. 3831, 58 50 

Greenmount congregation, Receipt No. 3835, 11 00 

Mill Creek congregation, Receipt No. 3879, 82 00 $ 283 50 

Total, : .' $ 769 72 

Expenditures — 

For Bro. and Sister I. S. Long, $ 500 00 

Balance on hand, 269 72 

Shade Creek Congregation, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 3757, $ 250 00 

Expenditures — 

For Sister J. M. Blottgh, , 250 00 

Southern Ohio Sunday Schools. 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 3543, $ 125 00 

Receipt No. 3698, 125 00 $ 250 00 

Expenditures — 

For J. M. Pittenger, 250 00 

Waynesboro Congregation, Pennsylvania. 

Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, $ 69 12 

Receipt No. 3537, $ 270 46 

Receipt No. 3784, 46 10 

From endowment, 250 00 $ 566 56 

Total, .. $ 635 68 

Expenditures — 

For Sister D. J. Lichty, $ 250 00 

For Mary V. Quinter, 250 00 $ 500 00 

Balance on hand, $ 135 68 

Young People's Missionary and Temperance Society, Huntingdon, Pennsylvania. 
Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, $ 89 48 

Receipt No. 3757, 160 60 

Total, $ 250 08 

Expenditures — 

For J. M. Blough, $ 250 00 

Balance on hand, $ 08 

Northern Indiana Sunday Schools. 
Receipts — 

Balance on hand at beginning of year, $ 279 00 

Receipt No. 3632, $ 70 00 

Receipt No. 3885, 60 00 

Receipt No. 3918, 70 00 $ 200 00 

Total, $ 479 00 

Expenditures — 

For Sister W. B. Stover, $ 250 00 

Balance on hand, $ 229 00 

Annual Report 


North Dakota China Fund. 
Receipts — 

Pleasant Valley congregation, Receipt No. 3574, $ 10 00 

Salem congregation, Receipt No. 3576, 20 00 

Pleasant Valley congregation, Receipt No. 3577, 227 27 

Cando congregation, Receipt No. 3577, 227 27 

Pleasant Valley congregation, Receipt No. 3578, 118 85 

Ray congregation, Receipt No. 3579, 11 00 

Berthold congregation, Receipt No. 3580, 47 55 

Carrington congregation, Receipt No. 3581, 15 33 

North Prairie congregation, Receipt No. 3582, 14 30 

Surrey congregation, Receipt No. 3583, 47 65 

Rock Lake congregation, Receipt No. 3584, 18 00 

Williston congregation, Receipt No. 3585, 13 15 

Egeland congregation, Receipt No. 3586, 6 60 

Rock Lake congregation, Receipt No. 3694, 29 25 

Joel Vancil, Receipt No. 3740, 40 00 

Williston congregation, Receipt No. 3777, 30 00 

Joel Vancil, Receipt No. 3787, 28 00 

Cando congregation, Receipt No. 3790, 125 00 

Joel Vancil, Receipt No. 3792, 3 00 

Egeland congregation, Receipt No. 3793, 11 63 

Kenmare congregation, Receipt No. 3851, 29 00 

Surrey congregation, Receipt No. 3860, 106 00 

Total, $ 951 58 

It not having been settled what amount of support would be required in China 
for the workers, no amount of the above was transferred to the support of China. 

12. For Transmission. 

Receipt No. 3509, $ 50 00 

Receipt No. 3549 48 00 

Receipt No. 3640, 10 50 

Receipt No. 3697, 20 00 

Receipt No. 3699, 25 00 

Receipt No. 3705, 10 00 

Receipt No. 3718, 5 00 


Receipt No. 3775, 
Receipt No. 3782, 
Receipt No. 3796, 
Receipt No. 3829, 
Receipt No. 3880, 
Receipt No. 3920, 


13. India Native Worker. 

Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Total, , 


12 50 


25 GO 


12 50 


50 00 


25 00 


13 46 


12 50 


55 00 


12 50 


50 00 


25 00 


25 00 


12 50 


10 74 


14 14 


50 00 


12 50 


12 50 


25 00 


50 00 


25 00 


45 00 


p.t No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 
pt No. 


14. Annual Meeting Committees. 

The auditors, 

The Sunday-school committee, 

115 27 
139 02 

50 00 

20 00 

5 15 

5 00 

20 00 

2 00 

4 51 

275 16 

12 50 
50 00 
30 00 

7 79 
30 00 
12 50 
12 50 
18 78 
25 00 
50 00 
25 00 
30 13 
10 71 
50 00 
80 00 
12 56 
60 00 
16 77 

4 15 

8 88 

9 65 
50 00 

1,182 76 

254 29 

32 Annual Report 

15. Brooklyn Mission. 

Rent, English mission, 8 mos., $ 520 00* 

Support, English station, 840 00 

Support for Italian mission, 240 00 

Total, $ 1,600 00 

16. Building and Grounds. 

Taxes on property, : $ 1,516 60 

Insurance, 702 54 

Pump, basement elevator, and other improvements, 1,506 04 

Total, $ 3,725 18 

17. Publication Account. 

Book and Tracts, $ 647 01 

Rebate on Tract Endowment, 394 26 

Missionary Gospel Messengers, 

Gospel Messenger for missionary purposes, 821 07 

Expenses Tract Examining Committee, 103 50 

Annual report of Board, for 1908, 372 57 

Missionary Visitor, 2,156 14 

Total, $ 4,494 55 

18. District Mission Work. 

Arkansas, $ 500 00 

California, Southern, 400 00 

California, Northern, 300 00 

Iowa, Northern and Minnesota, 600 00 

Iowa, Southern, 200 00 

Illinois, Northern and Wisconsin, 100 00 

Kansas, Southeastern, 150 00 

Michigan, 150 00 

Maryland, Eastern, 400 00 

Missouri, Middle, 500 00 

Oregon, Washington and Idaho, 500 00 

Oklahoma, 200 00 

Pennsylvania, Eastern, 100 00 

Texas, 300 00 

Total, $ 4,400 00 

19. General Expense. 

Board's traveling expenses, $ 332 89 

Office salaries, 1,855 00 

Postage, 392 76 

Traveling Secretaries, 745 31 

Special Graded Lessons S. S. Committee, , 47 70 

Treasurer's Bond, 70 00 

Stationery and Sundry supplies, 457 59 

Total, $ 3,901 25 

20. Donations to Endowment. 

The number preceding the amount is the number of the receipt sent the donor. 

World-Wide Endowment. 

Ohio — Pennsylvania — 

3495, $1,294 60 3479, $ 500 00 

3674, 500 00 3483, 500 00 

3754, 120 40 3494 200 00 

3808, 50 00 3529, 40 00 

3862, 1,200 00 3541, 100 00 

3927, 100 00 3594, 93 77 

3934, 200 00 3607, 200 00 

3608, 200 00 

$ 3,465 00 3612, . . 200 00 

Annual Report 



Indiana — 

■ 3872, 

700 00 
20 00 
50 00 
20 00 

3929, $ 200 00 

$ 2,823 77 

Virginia — 

3540 $ 50 00 

3807 1,000 00 

Maryland — 

3713, . . 

3766, . . 

3768, . . 

3769, . . 
3772, .. 
3795. .. 

50 00 

300 00 

200 00 

500 00 

20 00 

50 00 

20 00 

300 00 

100 00 

500 00 

500 00 
50 00 
100 00 
200 00 
100 00 
100 00 

Missouri — 

3750, $ 2,000 00 

Iowa — 

3794, 4 1,000 00 

$ 1,250 00 

$ 1,050 00 

$ 2,040 00 


Illinois — 




100 00 
500 00 

$ 1,600 00 

300 00 
50 00 
50 00 

250 00 

$ 500 00 

$ 650 00 

Total donated to World-Wide endowment for year, $ 15,378 77 

Balance on hand at beginning of the year, 445,264 46 

Total World-Wide endowment, $460,643 23 

Annuity Mission Fund,* Iowa, Receipt 3888, $ 1,000 00 

India Endowment previously reported, 2,050 00 

Gish Estate— 

Previously reported, $ 55,979 73 

Paid in during the year, 341 15 $ 56,320 88 

Total Endowment, $520,014 1 1 

*Annuity Mission Fund was authorized by the Board at their meeting April 14, 
19*09. By provisions of this fund a doner may donate a sum of money, $100 or more, 
the amount be kept intact by first mortgages on farm land, during the lifetime of 
the donor. The donor receives an annuity, according to age, during his or her 
lifetime. At the death of the donor the amount is taken out of this fund and used by 
the Board for missions. It is not an endowment after the death of the donor. Write 
the Board for full particulars. 

21. Endowment by States. 

Illinois, $165,514 11 

Pennsylvania, 69,781 36 

Ohio , 67,205 66 

Indiana, 63,908 80 

Iowa, 50,356 00 

California, 46,186 58 

Maryland, 17,629 53 

Kansas, 16,369 16 

Virginia, 9,896 50 

Missouri, 7,293 00 

Michigan, 1,120 00 

Oregon, 1,000 00 

Nebraska, 960 00 

West Virginia, 188 00 

Oklahoma, 45 00 

Idaho, 30 00 

District of Columbia, 22 50 

North Dakota, 20 00 

Alabama 7 50 

Unclassified, 1,430 41 

India Endowment, 2,050 00 


$520,014 11 

34 Annual Report 

22. Gospel Messenger Endowment. 

Previously reported $ 1,850 00 

Kansas, Receipt No. 3679, 25 00 

Total, $ 1,875 00 

23. Assets. 

Cash on hand, $ 8,863 30 

Bills receivable, secured by mortgage, 397,122 47 

Brethren Publishing House, ,• '. . 130,000 00 

Real estate, ,. w 34,313 50 

Church Extension bills receivable, 8,441 91 

Due from Brethren Publishing House, 41,000 00 

Total assets March 31, 1909, $619,741 18 

Total assets March 31, 1908, 603,747 75 

Increase, $ 15,993 43 

24. Statement of Ledger. 

Cash, $ 8,863 30 


Fund, $ 21,032 61 

Mission Study, $ 132 09 

(Cash $20,900 52.) 


Church Extension Fund, $ 10,832 08 

Church Extension bills receivable, $ 8,441 91 

(Cash $2,390 17.) 




(Cash $2,419 86.) 





Porto Rico, 

South America, 

New England Mission, 

South Native White, 


Cuba meetinghouse, 

Cuba Mission, 

(Cash $745 46.) 


Brooklyn meetinghouse, 

Colored Industrial, 

Gish Testament Fund, 

Ministerial and Missionary Relief, 

Gish Publishing Fund, 

(Cash $7,863 03.) 


California Sunday school, 

Pipe Creek congregation, Maryland, 

Quemahoning, Pennsylvania, 


Mt. Morris College Mission Society, $ 125 00 

Second District, Virginia, 

Waynesboro, Pennsylvania, 

Young People's Mission and Temperance Society, 

2,021 93 

397 93 

58 50 

75 80 

74 40 

227 54 

49 44 

76 17 

23 23 

16 00 

41 25 

103 13 

94 42 

397 75 

226 01 

6,499 36 

645 49 

391 51 

350 00 

250 00 

88 84 

269 72 

135 68 


Annual Report 35 

Northern Indiana Sunday schools, $ 229 00 

North Dakota, China, 951 58 

(Cash $2,541 41.) 


Denmark poor, $ 2,549 71 

G. M. Endowment, 1,875 00 

India Endowment, 2,050 00 

Mission Endowment, 1,000 00 

Brethren Publishing House, loan, $ 41,000 00 

Brethren Publishing House, investment, 130,000 00 

Brethren Publishing House, reserve, 30,000 00 

Endowment bills receivable, 397,122 47 

World-wide endowment, 460,643 23 

Real estate, 34,313 50 

P. A. Moore Property, 20,000 00 

Gish estate, 56,320 88 

(Cash overdrawn $27,997 15.) 


World-Wide, $ 20,900 52 

Church extension, 2,390 17 

India funds, 2,419 86 

Special funds, 745 46 

Miscellaneous fund, 7,863 03 

Special support fund, 2,541 41 

Interest bearing overdrawn, $ 27,997 15 

Cash on hand, 8,863 30 

$ 36,860 45 $ 36,860 45 


The past year like its predecessor has been one of rapid growth in the job depart- 
ment; new problems had to be met and a larger capital was needed to carry on the 
business successfully. Indeed the demands for enlargement were faster than the 
earnings could produce and it became necessary to add capital for a short time. 

The balance sheet shows the following condition of the business: 

Resources — 

Cash on hand, $ 2,343 08 

Office fixtures, 2,267 00 

Machinery, 75,476 00 

Outfit, 15,671 81 

Old ledger accounts for 1902, 95 50 

Old ledger accounts for 1905, 25 87 

Old ledger accounts for 1906, 29 68 

Accounts receivable, 1908, 21,851 33 

Expense, 225 39 

Merchandise, 13,533 83 

Gospel Messenger, stock on hand, 1,045 10 

Inglenook, stock on hand, 426 23 

Our Young People, stock on hand, 353 08 

Sunday-school papers, stock on hand, 233 10 

Quarterlies, stock on hand, 133 15 

Job department, 21,405 99 

Teachers' Monthly, stock on hand, 95 00 

Bookstore, stock on hand, 2,581 94 

Total resources as per inventory, $157,793 08 

Old ledger accounts for 1906, $ 7 20 

Unexpired Gospel Messenger subscriptions, 18,232 62 

Unexpired Inglenook subscriptions, 2,338 65 

Unexpired Our Young People subscriptions, 1,735 63 

Unexpired Sunday-school papers subscriptions, 1,475 35 

8uarterlies, subscriptions 20 91 

nexpired Teachers' Monthly subscriptions, 1,336 33 

Gospel Messenger poor fund, 177 96 

Capital stock, 132,468 43 $157,793 08 

36 Annual Report 


[Among our periodicals the Inglenook has had a unique experience. For apparently 
sufficient reasons the Board thot proper to discontinue the weekly, but its staunch 
friends and supporters were so numerous and the periodical itself occupied so unique 
a field that at the last moment it was reordered to be continued. What the paper 
is, every one who has read its pages since January, knows. Along similar and still 
better lines it will be pushed to success. Every member should make a special effort 
to enlarge its circulation and usefulness. 

The Gospel Messenger continues to hold its place of high esteem in the minds of 
the church and its editorial staff is doing all possible to make it the best paper of its 
kind for our people. 

Our Young People, the Sunday-school papers and Quarterlies all under the man- 
agement of our Sunday-school department, hold first rank among the practical, helpful 
periodicals for the fields they intend to occupy. 

The Missionary Visitor still presses on with its missionary message, giving news 
from every land, and having a growing circle of supporters to the missionary cause. 

The manufacturing department has left the ranks of making catalogs and similar 
work a specialty, some of which was not as desirable as it might have been, and is now 
engaged in making religious song books, schoolbooks, high class subscription books 
and other edition work. 

It is our constant purpose to hold up the high ideals of our faith in the work we 
are doing; hence no publication that would in any way speak against the principles of 
the church is manufactured by us. 


Through Brother and Sister James R. Gish this fund was founded. Its usefulness 
is outlined as far as statistics go, in the following tables. The real results no man 
can tell, so great is the influence which it is exerting. 

The following rules govern the fund: 

Section 1. Name. — The name of this fund shall be the Gish Publishing Fund. 

Section 2. Fund. — This fund shall consist of the estate of James R. and Barbara 
Gish, estimated value, $50,000; with any other funds that may hereafter be added to it. 

Section 3. Purpose. — The purpose of this fund shall be to supply the ministers 
of the German Baptist Brethren Church with such books and other printed matter as 
may be helpful to them in advancing and maintaining the Truth. 

Section 4. Supervision. — The General Missionary and Tract Committee shall ap- 
point a committee of three, so arranged in term of office that the time of one member 
expires each year, whose duty it shall be 

(a) To examine and pass upon publications issued and distributed by this fund. 

(b) To arrange with the Publication Department for publication and distribution 
of publications selected. 

Section 5. Earnings. — Twenty per cent of the net earnings of each year shall be 
passed to the Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund. The remainder shall be used 
for purposes of this fund. 

Section 6. Terms. — The publications shall be distributed free or at greatly re- 
duced rates, at no time the price asked being more than the cost of publication, includ- 
ing the expense for delivery. 

Section 7. Report. — The General Missionary and Tract Committee shall cause 
to b.e published an annual report of the fund, including the list of books published and 
the number of copies distributed each year. 



Alone With God, 1,642 

Bible Dictionary, 1,369 

Bible Manners and Customs, 1,486 

Bible Atlas, 852 

Book of Books, 1,785 

Bound Tracts, 2,481 

Brethren Defended, 850 

♦Bulwarks of Faith, 703 

Cruden's Concordance, 1,214 

*Divinity of Christ, 3,000 

Eternal Verities, 2,120 

How to Master the English Bible, 713 

History of the Brethren, 713 

*Kline, J., Life of, 1,141 

Life of Christ. 2 vol. sets, 1,536 

Sent out 

Total distri- 

dur. 1908 

bution to date 





























Annual Report 



Lord's Supper, 2,764 

Modern Secret Societies, 1,928 

Problems of the Pulpit, 419 

♦Resurrection of Christ 1,000 

Seven Churches of Asia, 762 

Sick, Dying and Dead, 716 

♦Square Talk, 2,485 

♦Sunday School Commentary, 8,937 

Teacher Training with the Master Teacher, 633 

The Twelve Apostles, 1,088 

Topical Bible, 636 

Topical Text Book, 1,169 

Trine Immersion, 2,076 

Uniyersalism, 605 

Young Preacher, 1,143 

Totals, 47,966 

♦Out of print or no longer distributed by the fund. 

Sent out 
dur. 1908 














Total distri- 
bution to date 










To some, at least, as this fund grows in 
in the following table, will be of interest: 

usefulness a short history as set forth 








to . 
:S W 



4) . 




■M 1-1 

■m m 

2 S 






OS « 



0) c 







fL. T. Holsinger 


$ 400 00 


•{ A. H. Puterbaugh 
[J. H. Moore 


1,544 83 

$ 500 00 | 

$ 9 40 



3,407 34 


50 00 



1,987 11 

1,241 27 


16 95 


fL. T. Holsinger 


4,145 19 

981 49 

14 00 

-jj. E. Miller 
I J. H. Moore 



2,572 32 

827 55 

8 95 

fL. T. Holsinger 


2,354 63 

512 80 | 


3 42 

i J. E. Miller 
I J. W. Wayland 
[Grant Mahan 1909 


1,702 39 

772 91 

45 43 

\ J. E. Miller 1910 
I J. W. Wayland 1908 


2,667 72 

530 33 

49 55 


1908 | 

3,459 75 

681.91 | 


1909 | 


829 79 

472 42 | 

fj. E. Miller 1910 
\ J. W. Wayland 1911 
I J. H.B.Williams 1912 

Total | 

$25,071 07 | 

$6,520 68 | 

$198 25 | 

The fund provides that twenty per cent of each year's earnings be passed to the 
Ministerial and Missionary Relief Fund. The large difference between the amount ex- 
pended last year and this year is due to the fact that last year the Committee over- 
drew on their funds while thisyear they not only paid this back but have a balance on 
hand of $645 49, with which with the present year's income they hope to give ministers 
something of unusual value. ^ The first new book to be announced for the year is 
Schaff's History of the Christian Church, first volume. It is one of the most complete 
and reliable sets yet brot on the market and every minister who secures the book and 
then reads it will acquaint himself fully with the conditions of the church during the 
early centuries. 

Any minister of the Church of the Brethren, upon application to the Brethren 
Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois, can secure a complete list of books sent out under 
this fund, along with the terms. In some cases, postage and package are charged the 
minister, in others only package, and in still others he is expected to bear part of the 

38 Annual Report 

expense of the book. On April 1, 1909, the books on the list for distribution were as 

Regular To 

price ministers 

Alone with God. By J. H. .Garrison, $. 75 $ 10 

Bible Atlas. By J. L. Hurlburt, 2 75 60 

Bible Dictionary. By Smith and Peloubet, 2 00 25 

Bible Manners and Customs. By C. M. Mackie, 1 00 12 

Book of Books. By James M. Gray, 85 12 

Brethren Defended. By R. H. Miller, 75 14 

Cruden's Concordance 1 00 30 

Eternal Verities. By D. L. Miller, 1 25 19 

How to Master the English Bible. By J. M. Gray, 50 08 

History of the Brethren. By M. G. Brumbaugh, 2 00 48 

Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah. 2 Vol. By Edersheim, 2 00 69 

Lord's Supper. By D. B. Gibson, 35 10 

Modern Secret Societies. By Chas. A. Blanchard, 75 10 

Problems of the Pulpit. By D. D. Culler, 75 12 

Seven Churches of Asia. By D. L. Miller, 75 14 

Sick, Dying, and Dead. By J. G. Royer, 40 07 

Teacher Training with the Master Teacher. By C. S. Beardslee, ... 55 09 

The Twelve Apostles. By J. W. Wayland, 75 12 

Nave's Topical Bible, 7 50 3 16 

Topical Text Book. By R. A. Torrey, 30 12 

Triune Immersion, as the Apostolic Form of Christian Baptism. By 

James Quinter, 90 15 

Universalism Against Itself, 75 15 

Young Preacher, The. By Theo. L. Cuyler, 50 10 


We, the undersigned Committee, appointed by Annual Meeting, to audit the books 

and accounts of the General Mission Board and Publishing House of the Church of 
the Brethren, beg to submit the following report: 

We verified all the additions in the various account books and checked the posting 

to the ledgers and verified the results of the financial statements herewith submitted. 
Found the same to be correct. 

The few errors found in the report of the Missionary Visitor and Gospel Messenger 
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We examined the securities and found the amounts as herewith reported. 

^All records have been carefully made and explanations properly accounted for. 

Dated this 16th day of April, A. D. 1909. 

Daybreak in the 
Dark Continent 

The author, Wilson S. Naylor, D. D., Beach Professor of Biblical 
Literature in Lawrence University, has been especially fitted for his 
work by extensive travel in Africa. He furnishes a clear, concise, com- 
prehensive treatment of the theme. You will enjoy it. Many mission 
study classes use this as their textbook on Africa. 

Special features of the Book. Two hundred and sixty pages of text ; 
eleven full-page halftone illustrations; two-page relief map with key; 
eight pen sketches; questions and references; chronological and statis- 
tical tables; bibliography, charts and suggestions; and a concise index. 
Price, cloth binding, 50 cents ; paper, 35 cents. Postage, 7 cents extra. 


Elgin, Illinois 

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The Lighthouse. A. W. Vaniman. 
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I; General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois 



Vol. XI 

JULY, 1909 

No. 7 


NOW you not, my brother in the min- 
istry, that the real minister called of 
God and sent into the world even as 
Christ commanded all His disciples to 
go, is a man without a country or a 
race, — with not a single prejudice 
against any human being but in favor of any 
godly method of carrying forward the Lord's 
work, — happy and content wherever he is, be it 
country or city, among savages or amidst civil- 
ization, — possessed with but one supreme pur- 
pose, to bring all men to know Jesus in the for- 
giveness of sin and to spend and be spent until 
he must trust God for. daily bread in order to 
accomplish this, — never growing weary of the 
work even when sometimes growing weary in the 
work, — forsaking not his post when plagues, 
pestilence or death compass him about, but rather 
trusting in the living God for deliverance ? 
Verily such a minister is a missionary, has the 
spirit of one sent, yea even the spirit of the 
Christ himself. [Editor.] 



Contents for July, 1909. 

, 234 


Greatly Needing a Remedy, By the Editor, 211 

Non-Christian Religion Vs. Christianity, By J. H. Morris, 212 

Did Paul Stop Tithing After Conversion, By H. E. Thompson, 216 

The Last Trial and Execution of John Huss, By A. Harold Mumford, 218 

The Women of India, By Alice K. Ebey, 224 

An Open Letter, By W. B. Stover, 228 

A Visit to Serampore, By I. S. Long, 230 

An Open Letter— China, By F. H. Crumpacker, ; 232 


I Love the West, By Emma L. Miller, 217 

" So Much to Do at Home," By Mrs. Nora Berkebile, 221 


The Missionary Visitor 



D. L. MILLER, Mt. Morris, Illinois. The third Wednesday in April, August 

H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Virginia. and December. 

L. W. TEETER, Hagerstown, Indiana. Addre ss al l communications to the 


Washington, D. C. BOARD, 

J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. Elgin, Illinois. 

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The Missionary Visitor 

Volume XI 

July, 1909 




By the Editor 


CAN give little 
money, but I will give 
myself and you will 
not accept me." These 
are the words wrung 
from one consecrated 
heart at the mission- 
ary meeting at Har- 
risonburg and found 
on paper in the collec- 
tion. Had he had 
money he would have given it. " Sil- 
ver and gold have I none, but here is 
myself and ye will not accept me." Oh, 
what a declaration and what a respon- 
sibility resting upon some one some- 
where ! 

This instance is but one of many in 
the church. It is simply this. The broth- 
er offering himself is not in the ministry. 
The General Board believes it not wise to 
send brethren not in the ministry to the 
field. Conference would not confirm 
such appointment. District Boards cannot 
use such brethren in their work. They 
have the inward call of God to go into 
the vineyard and labor, but they are 
barred because the outward call of the 
church does not come to them. 

Will the church call such? In many 
instances, at least, the probabilities are 
against them. Should such members in- 
timate their desire to go to the field as 
missionaries they would at once be set 
down as seeking the ministry and then 
their chances would be slim of being 
called. Instead of the church rejoicing 
over such inward manifestations and 
calls, in many cases elections are put 

off and every discouragement is given 
to getting such an one to work. 

Is the church doing right by her mem- 
bers in this particular? Are her present 
methods meeting present needs? Are 
they just and righteous? If by an un- 
written law she bars all but ministers 
from the field, should she not make an 
avenue for those desiring to answer the 
call of God to go, so that they might go ? 
If she holds great missionary meetings 
at Conference, seeks to make world-wide 
evangelization her foremost purpose in 
accordance with the Word, if she agitates 
from pulpit and thru the press a greater 
consecration of all to the Master until 
she stirs pure, noble, earnest young men 
to want to go, does she not do wrong to 
the Spirit of grace that brings the fruit- 
age from such labors, if she does not in 
some way make it possible for these to 

I do not know the remedy. I am sure 
it is not found in our present plan, for 
the simple reason that the churches are 
not holding elections for the ministry as 
they should. I do not want to be a pessi- 
mist, but judging from present tendencies 
the next generations will not be supplied 
by ministers as well as today. 

Every true minister has a call from the 
Lord and one from the church. Either 
may come first, but unless he has both 
his ministry will not be marked with 
success. But there is great need to pro- 
vide some way that those called of God 
may also be promptly called by the 
church so that they may go to work in the 
great harvest field ripe for the reaper. 


The Missionary Visitor 



J. H. Morris 

E tried to show, as well 
as we could, the real 
heart of the hea- 
then religions, and as 
to how well we have 
succeeded you are 
judge. But now we 
wish to offer a few 
comparisons, if there 
be a comparison, be- 
tween each and Chris- 
tianity. It is sometimes said that there is 
scarcely a comparison, but we will not 
cast them away without noticing their 
commendable features. In a general way, 
we think that all of the good things which 
are found in heathen religions are also 
found in Christianity and the degrading 
things are left out of our own system, 
Christianity ; where heathen religions stop 
(being works of men), Christianity offers 
thousands of pleasures and blessings, be- 
ing divine ; heathen religions promise but 
cannot fulfill ; Christianity offers and ful- 
fills, because where the promise originates 
is in God's inexhaustible storehouse. 

We sometimes think there is but one 
religion in the world, but when we pick 
up our histories and read of the dozen 
or more prominent religions of the world, 
we are made to wonder in what does each 
excel? A certain prominent historian 
said : " Many great systems of religion 
have arisen and fallen, and so will Chris- 
tianity. It will go down in its own time 
as the others did." Is it true, my broth- 
er? Why will it not? Are you ready 
with an answer? "Because" will not 
satisfy here for an answer. It is the pur- 
pose of this paper to try to show the 
superiority of Christianity over those old 
systems and that thing which will pre- 
vent its sinking away into oblivion. 
First, we will briefly refer to some old 

systems, which are now entirely or al- 
most extinct : the Egyptian ; the Babylon- 
ian and Assyrian; the Phoenician; the 
Lydian and Phrygian; the Hittite; the 
Greek, and the Roman. 

(a) The Egyptian presents some very 
perplexing problems, one of which is its 
inconsistency. It presents ideas of Deity 
which are excessively refined; in other 
places, are ideas of a deity in as debased 
a form as that of most of the lowest 
savages. It is known as the religion of 
symbolism; every idea, every shadow of 
an idea, must be represented, made vis- 
ible. It was no function of the priests 
to educate the common people and they 
(the common class) could not rise above 
mere brute-worship. How does that 
compare with Jesus' teaching? 

(b) The religion of Babylon and As- 
- syria was a form of spirit-worship. Ma- 
lignant spirits were -very numerous. 
These spirits were all subject to the wiz- 
ard or the priest. The sun god held a high 
place among these people. Isaiah knew 
of this religion when he wrote the words 
of the 42d chapter, " Stand now, with 
thine enchantments and with the multi- 
tude of thy sorceries, wherein thou hast 
labored from thy youth." Read, too, the 
prophecy of Nahum and you will find, 
" Because of the multitude of the whore- 
doms of the well-favored harlot, the mis- 
tress of witchcrafts . . . . . her witch- 
crafts. Behold, I am against thee 
saith the Lord of hosts." Does that look 
as though they were both one system? 
If they are two different systems, which 
is the true one? Which will we spread? 

(c) The chief god of the Phoenicians 
was Baal, also called Moloch. He was 
known as the sun god. Only blood — 
human blood — could appease the anger 
of the deity when he was much enraged. 


The Missionary Visitoi 


The firstborn were sacrificed, and on oc- 
casions of great public calamity multi- 
tudes of youths of the noblest families 
were burnt alive. J. M. Mitchell says of 
Milton's celebrated description : " It is 
not drawn in colors too dark." 

" Moloch, horrid king, bedewed with blood 
Of infant sacrifice and parents' tears, 
Though, for the noise of drums and cym- 
bals loud, 
The children's cries unheard that passed 

through fire 
To this grim idol." 

Read the book of Hebrews and . then 
make a comparison of the two systems 
and see if you are not fully convinced 
of the superiority of the Christian system. 

(d) The Lydian and Phrygian sys- 
tems prevailed in the interior of Asia 
Minor about the third and second cen- 
turies B. C. It was a religion of excite- 
ment. Excitement was wrought up by 
the beating of drums, the clashing of 
cymbals and the wildest of dances. The 
worshipers ran, howling and cutting 
themselves with knives. More than like- 
ly all this would end in unbridled de- 
bauchery. Does that look like the reli- 
gion of the meek and lowly Lamb of 
God? Does He teach anything like that? 

(e) The Hittite system was about as 
the nation itself, a part of its surround- 
ings. As we know it was located in the 
center among Phcenecia, Assyria and 
Egypt, and its religion is said to be a 
part, and worst part, of the Phcenecian, 
the Assyrian and the Egyptian systems. 
" The whole religion of Asia Minor is 
summed up in three words. We find this 
engraven on a tomb in Phrygia : ' This 
is what I say to my friends : " Give your- 
selves to pleasure and enjoyment: live. 
For you must die. Therefore drink, en- 
joy, dance."'" Jesus says: "Seek ye 
first the kingdom of God and his right- 
eousness, and all these things shall be 
added unto you." 

(f) The religion of Greece made the 
duties thoroughly human — gigantic men 
and women. They had human passions, 
virtues, vices. They ate and drank, quar- 
reled and fought and made merry, even 
so much so sometimes as to shake the 

skies. " In the theology of Homer," as 

Mr. Gladstone admitted, after having 

studied carefully the Iliad and Odyssey, 

" elements of a profound corruption 

abound." Later systems were still worse. 

Keble says : " Yet, notwithstanding her 

subtle intellect, and vivid imagination 

and perfect taste, she sank into an abyss 

thus fathomless of shame and ruin. 

Why ? Even Byron saw the reason : 

' Enough, no foreign foe could quell 
Thy soul, till from itself it fell, 
And self-abasement paved the way 
To villain bonds and despot sway.' " 

(g) This religion of ancient Rome 
was somewhat different from that of 
Greece, less speculative ; more practical ; 
simpler, truer, graver ; more law-abiding ; 
with a better family life; and possessed 
of a deeper religious instinct. Much 
more importance was attached to rites 
than to beliefs or emotions — the worship 
toward externalism. Prayer became a 
kind of magical formula. Much stress 
was laid on ceremonial purity. The reli- 
gion became more and more political. 
This cold formalism could not satisfy 
the popular mind and heart. Infidelity 
soon came in, and especially among the 
higher classes. A deep darkness, almost 
equal to despair, seemed to be settling 
upon the minds of men. Suicide pre- 
vailed to an unparalleled extent. 
Mr. Matthew Arnold said : 

" On that hard pagan world disgust and 
secret loathing fell, 

And weariness and sated lust made human 
life a hell. 

In his cool hall, with haggard eyes, the 
noble Roman lay, — 

He drove abroad in furious guise along 
the Appian Way; 

He made a feast, drank fierce and fast and 
crowned his hair with flowers — 

No easier, no quicker passed the imprac- 
ticable hours." 

The awful picture of moral degrada- 
tion. Is it too dark? Was that form 
to be compared with Christianity? My 
brother, can a philosophic system or a 
mere formalism take the place of a real' 
heart religion like Christianity? Christ 
shed His blood for us, gave His life for 
our beloved Christianity. A God-man 
dying and arising again, proving His di- 


The Missionary Visitor 


vinity for this system. Will it go down 
as other systems have done? Did any 
of the dead forms have such a begin- 

We have a number of systems, that are 
not wholly extinct yet but are waning 
rapidly and only time is required to find 
them only as the others — a record of 
them in history. Are we making too 
broad an assertion when we say not a 
single heathen religion is on the rise? 
From present knowledge, we make the 
statement for your investigation and if 
we are wrong we are anxious to be cor- 

Since during the last year and a half 
you have had an opportunity to read from 
the pages of the Visitor what these great 
religions are, we will not say much con- 
cerning them except to make a few com- 
parisons with Christianity. Only a few 
passages can be cited as our space is lim- 
ited. We may not use all of them, but 
what are considered the strongest ones 
will be used, Buddhism, Hinduism, Par- 
seeism, Confucianism, Mahometism and, 
perhaps, a reference to the others. 

In what way do Buddhism and Chris- 
tianity resemble ? In geographical origin : 
both originated in a small area, or, in 
fact, the first followers all knew their 
leaders, being in the same section of 
country. With Christ and His work, we 
associate Bethlehem, Galilee, Gethsem- 
ane, Olivet, Calvary, etc., places which 
were well known to His followers. 

As for Buddha we look to the Hima- 
layan Mountain range or near to the 
place we call Kapilavastu, which is 
known as his birthplace and Kusinagara, 
the place of his death. These and several 
other places, one of which is where the 
cremated ashes of his body lie. 

These superficial resemblances must 
give way under the heavy weights of 
the great contrasts. That Guatama was 
born as an heir to a royal estate is doubt- 
ed now, but that Jesus Christ was born 
as an heir is not even questioned by rev- 
erential people. 
Buddha was a supreme dogmatist on 
the nature of true peace, and an extreme 

agnostic as to the future life. He would 
suffer no disciple to deviate a hairbreadth 
from the path to Nirvana. Eternal life by 
the very form and inner meaning of the 
idea, is the logical contradictory of Nir- 
vana. Buddhist peace is the obliteration 
of desire; Christian peace is the refine- 
ment and satisfaction of desire ; Christiai 
peace is the result of reconciliation an( 
acceptance with God, through faith ii 
Jesus Christ. 

Buddhism has no gospel for the poor 
and unlearned; holds out no hope of de- 
liverance except to the wise and prudent 
to the learned and strong. Jesus says 
" Come unto me, all ye that labor and are 
heaven laden, and I will give you rest.' 
" Suffer the little children to come unto 
me, for of such is the kingdom of God." 
" Buddhism, throughout its vast extent 
is a pessimistic cosmology and ethical 
fatality, having a ghastly Nirvana and 
has but a bitter cry for the very things 
which Christianity holds out to men and 
women." It proclaims the evil of sin, but 
finds no place of forgiveness ; it has no 
notion of a redeemer and vaguely asks 
for pardon, justification and eternal life. 
As Simon Peter asked : " Lord, to whom 
shall we go? Thou hast the words of 
eternal life " the Buddhist has not. 

A few contrasts between Hinduism 
and Christianity: 

The conception of a purely immaterial 
Being, infinite, eternal and unchangeable, 
is entirely foreign to the Hindu books. 

The cbnception of an omnipresent, om- 
nipotent, omniscient God is not only for- 
eign, but their idea of God is a Being 
even without consciousness. " God is a 
spirit." " God is light." " God is love." 
These have no counterparts in Hinduism. 

In India, among the Hindus, every- 
thing is worshiped except the Supreme 
Being. A maxim is : " Where there is 
faith, there is God." Believe the stone 
a god and it is so. (How about people 
saying, if you believe that you are right, 
you are?) "Thou shalt worship the 
Lord thy God and him only shalt thou 

The Hindu may talk of atonement, but 


The Missionary Visitor 


it simply means some such thing as eat- 
ing the five products of the cow, going 
on a pilgrimage to some sacred shrine, 
paying money to the priests, etc., but 
what does it mean to us, — the foundation 
of our system? 

We find in Hinduism no trace of salva- 
tion as we know it — deliverance from 
sin ; not only the punishment but from its 

Hinduism is a religion of despair while 
Christianity is a religion of hope. The 
Hindu looks toward death with a dread 
because his soul will simply come back 
to earth in some animal's body, perhaps. 
The Christian looks toward death with 
pleasure as it simply means a transplant- 
ing from a narrow to a wider field of use- 

Which is the religion of the divine Be- 
ing? Is there any question whatever? 

The chief book of the Zoroastrian con- 
tains a mixture of various systems of 
thot — a quasi monotheism, dualism and 
nature-worship. The Bible extends 
through more than a thousand years and 
there is perfect unity throughout. This 
is lacking in the Avesta. In its highest 
representations of divinity, the Avesta is 
defective. Prayer in the Avesta is very 
much a magical formula, no " Our Fa- 
ther, which art in heaven." The Avesta 
makes no difference in worship between 
the creator and the created. " Thou shalt 
have no other gods before me." 

The idea of sin, in the Avesta, is a 
very imperfect one when compared with 
the Bible idea. The great problem of ex- 
piation, which receives so sublime a solu- 
tion in the cross, has occupied the atten- 
tion of many, but it seems hardly to have 
suggested itself to the writers of the 
Avesta. The idea of salvation does not 
appear at all in the Avesta. We find no 
idea of moral purity in the Zoroastrian 

The Avesta has no conception of that 
deep principle of divine administration. 
Sorrow never comes to a Zoroastrian as 
a discipline. The great idea of self-denial 
and self-sacrifice finds no place in the 

Avesta. Many of the Avesta rites are 
childish — the use of urina bovis, etc. 

Intellectually, the Avesta is but shal- 
low. The references made to the phys- 
ical world are, many of them, contrary 
to scientific facts. Finally, the Avesta 
is deplorably wanting in spiritual and 
moral force. How can we compare these 
facts, when we find the Avesta lacking 
in the very essentials of life and religion ? 

The religion of Jesus Christ is superior 
to Confucianism because it attaches so 
much greater importance to religion and 
gives a fuller disclosure of its reason- 
ableness to nature. Christianity brings 
God near to us while Confucianism puts 
Him far away from every one save one. 

The religion of Jesus Christ is superior 
to Confucianism because it makes God 
the Guardian of all the duties obligatory 
on men even in their social relations. The 
religion of Jesus Christ is superior to 
Confucianism because the motive, on 
which it requires the observance of our 
duties, is love while the Confucian does 
it from a sense of justice. Love takes 
the performance out of the category of 
duty. The service of duty may be slow 
and grudging, while the service of love 
is prompt. Duty says : " Is this enough? " 
Love says : " Can I do anything more ? " 

The religion of Jesus Christ is superior 
because the relation between parent and 
child and the other of the five duties, 
is better as it leaves out the idea of an- 
cestor worship and such ideas. 

The religion of Jesus Christ is superior 
to Confucianism because it does not set 
up some imperfect character and ask us 
to worship him, but gives us a perfect 
character — Jesus Christ. 

I think that the evidence of facts bears 
out the conclusion as to the superiority 
of Christianity to which I have come. By 
their fruits we shall know them is as true 
of systems as of men. 

Last, but not least, is Mahometism. 
The religion of Jesus Christ is superior 
to Mahometism because of its means of 
propagation, not by the sword, as Islam 
has gone forward, but as silently as 
leaven in a measure of meal ; because 


The Missionary Visitor 


where the sword is removed, Islam dies ; 
but not so with Christianity. Because of 
the position which woman occupies. She 
was created as a helpmeet, not as a slave. 
" Where woman is debased, society is de- 

The religion of Jesus Christ is superior 
to Mahometism because it was not propa- 
gated by offering an " easy way," or some 
indulgence, but by its merits. " Master, 
where dwellest thou? Come, and see." 
We only need to come and we will stay ; 
the teaching of Christ never interfered 
with civil institutions; it makes all men 
equal, while slavery exists under the 

Koran. " There is neither bond 

nor free, for ye are all one in Christ 

The religion of Jesus Christ knows no 
such immoralities as polygamy, divorce, 
concubinage, etc.; Christianity is a pro- 
gressive religion, while Mahometism is 
cramped so by precepts that it can make 
no progress whatever. " His name shall 
endure forever. His name shall be con- 
tinued as long as the sun. And men shall 
be blessed in Him; all nations shall be 
blessed. He shall have dominion also 
from sea to sea, and from the river unto 
the ends of the earth. 

" Blessed be the Lord God, the God of 
Israel, who only doeth wondrous things. 
And blessed be His glorious name for- 
ever; and let the whole earth be filled 
with His glory. Amen and Amen." 


H. E. Thompson 

HE New Testament 
teaches a lot of 
things that the surface 
reader never gets hold 
of, and among them, 
the thought that Paul 
was a rigid tither be- 
fore his conversion. 
Here are a few of the 
side lights which are 
thrown upon the life 
of the apostle Paul. In his defense 
before Agrippa, Paul confessed that 
his manner of life from his youth was 
known to all the Jews which dwelt at 
Jerusalem. These all knew that (here 
are PauFs exact words), "After the most 
straitest sect of our religion, I lived a 

Jesus was not a photographer, yet he 
gave us some word paintings of people 
who lived in his day, which we doubt not 
are as true to life as the very best photo- 
graph ever taken. Among others, he 
gives us the picture of a representative 

Pharisee, in Luke 18: 12. Among the 
bold strokes in the picture, we find this: 
" I fast twice in the week, / give tithes 
of all that I possess." 

If Paul told the truth in his defense be- 
fore Agrippa, we are safe in believing, 
even upon this circumstantial evidence, 
that Paul was a rigid tither before con- 

Now about the question of our caption. 
Jesus taught that "All men should hon- 
or the Son, even as they honor the Fa- 
ther " (John 5: 23). Anciently, and 
down to Paul's day, one notable method 
of honoring God was with their tithes. 
Knowing this, and knowing Paul's love 
for, and devotion to, the Savior, is it 
probable that he ceased tithing after con- 
version ? We claim nothing in the way 
of positive evidence favoring the tithing 
system from the above ; but we do claim 
that the above Scriptures are worth think- 
ing about. May God help us all to be 
wise, open-hearted, and above all things 
else, kind. — The World's Crisis. 

I Love the West 

Emma L. Miller 

J LOVE the West, the wild, wild West; 

I love its snow-capped mountains; 
Its canyons, valleys, sunny glens, 
Its forests deep and grassy fens, 
Its streams and dashing fountains. 

I love the West, the new, new West; 
Her veins new blood is flushing; 
New homes, new towns, new cities rise; 
From every land beneath the skies 
New life to her is rushing. 

I love the West, the Christless West; 

My heart goes out in sorrow 

To miners', loggers', ranchers' camp, 

To thousand hearts without God's Lamp- 

Oh, dark must be their morrow! 

I love the West, the Christian West; 
God bless the sons and daughters 
Who hasten there, God's Word to take; 
Who spend their lives for His dear sake; 
Who sow beside all waters. 

love the West, the coming West, 
When, all our land adorning, 
The Sun of Righteousness shall rise, 
Illuminate the western skies; 
And usher in that morning! 

— Baptist Home Mission Monthly. 

The Trial of John Huss in Constance. 


A. Harold Mumford 

HE following is a part 
of Chapter 3 in Mora- 
vian Missions under 
the general head, 
" The Making of Our 
Church." The entire 
chapter is interesting, 
but the following will 
be of especial interest 
to every reader of 
the Visitor: 
Huss was becoming popular; the peo- 
ple of Bohemia and Moravia were grown 
so restless that it was evident events 
had reached a crisis. The papacy, or at 
any rate the prestige of the papacy, was 
in danger, and Huss must recant or be 
consumed. Deputations from the cardi- 
nals came to Huss; Sigismund sent to 
Huss. The answer was always the same : 
" Convince me, and I will recant." The 
church was shut up to the second alter- 
native: Huss must be burned. If the 
material body were all, and the soul were 
nothing, as certain humanitarians teach, 
this method is safe and effective. Burn 

a man, and you are done with him. But 
a great Authority has bidden martyrs 
not to fear; the enemy may destroy the 
body, but the soul (which is) they cannot 
destroy. " Wherefore, keep thy soul 
clean, and God will keep thy soul." Huss 
kept his soul clean. Truth was truth, 
and that was his last word. 

So they had him to the cathedral. But 
he must wait awhile outside, until they 
finished mass. When he entered, the 
peasant found himself before the pomp 
and terror of the empire. King Sigis- 
mund was on his throne, dukes, princes, 
cardinals, bishops, jewelled mitres, scar- 
let hats, doctors of divinity were there — 
strong men and learned men, skilled to 
use their learning for the strong. 

One the side of Huss were the faithful 
Chlum and Wenzel; also an Impalpable 
Power that counts for more than popes, 
and even people. 

A bishop preached his funeral ser- 
mon. Huss was " a body of sin to be de- 
stroyed " ; Emperor Sigismund was God's 
agent in this glorious work. Then Huss 


The Missionary Visitor 


was charged. He protested against mis- 
representations in the charge. But he 
was silenced again. He fell on his knees, 
and lifted his hands " in mute appeal to 

But he started up in indignation as the 
mockery went on, and charged Sigis- 
mund with his perfidy. " Faith ! Sigis- 
mund had broken faith. The safe con- 
duct on the word of a king had brought 
him to Constance — and to this ! " 

Sigismund blushed. Whatever noble 
blood he had went to his cheek, and 
thence, ev- 
idently, into 
the air. For 
Huss was con- 
demned, de- 
graded from 
the priesthood, 
punishable as a 
heretic. Huss 
was quiet now, 
and humble. 
He prayed for 
h i s enemies. 
H i s enemies 

Before the 
throne was set 
a platform, 
whereon was a 
rack in the 
form of a 
cross, hung 
with the vest- 
m e n t s of a 
priest. The 
martyr w a s 
clothed in these 
and exhorted to recant. He made 
his simple answer: He could not re- 
cant what he sincerely believed. He 
was thereupon unfrocked. They tore 
from him the vestments piece by piece, 
with a curse for each piece. Huss replied 
with a blessing. The chalice he held 
was snatched from his hand. " We take 
from thee, thou Judas, this cup of salva- 

John Huss. 

" But God does not take it from me, 
and I shall drink it today in His king- 
dom.' 3 

They effaced his tonsure with shears. 
Cup, vestments, tonsure were gone. Huss 
was no more a priest. But he must be 
shown an infidel. So they placed a fool's 
cap, a yard high, on his head ; that there 
mi^ht be no mistake, three devils were 
portrayed on the cap, struggling for the 
heretic, and, to make it perfectly plain, 
they who ran might read the legend in- 
scribed : " HlC EST HAERESIARCHA " 

(This is the 
The bishops 
displayed him 
to the com- 
pany: " Thus 
we deliver 
your soul t o 
the devil." 
Huss elapsed 
his hands, and 
lifting up his 
eyes to heaven 
said: "But / 
co mm it it to 
my most gra- 
cious Lord Je- 
sus Christ ; He 
bore the Crown 
of Thorns for 
me, and I bear 
this lighter 
crown for 
The Burning. 
First, t h e v 
b urne d his 
writings. Huss 
smiled gently at this mockery, for were 
not his books abroad in the land? A 
radiance wrapped him, joy possessed 
him; as a child he had prayed for the 
martyr's crown, and now his prayer was 
granted; his step, therefore, was light, 
arid he swept to the stake as to a 
throne. Just outside Constance is a 
meadow ; in this meadow stood a post, 
and round the base of the post were 


The Missionary Visitor 


faggots. Huss knelt and prayed: "In 
Thee, O Lord, do I put my trust; let me 
never be ashamed. Be Thou my strong 
rock, my house of defence " — and so oh 
through the psalm. Then, remembering 
he was a man, born in iniquity, conceived 
in sin, he poured forth the fifty-first 
psalm. Humility, honesty, faith, cour- 
age, these only are needed to make a wit- 
ness. Riches, power, wisdom, even, are 
of little or no account. Truth, and faith 
in truth, that is all. 

It was eleven in the morning. The July 
sun was hot in the sky ; nature hummed, 
responsive. Another light, part of 
the eternal beam, streamed from the man ; 
was there any to respond to that? The 
common people wept and beat their 
breasts as heretofore the common people 
had done on a piece of waste ground 
near Jerusalem ; and our common human 
nature, elemental, unadorned, bore wit- 
ness to the divine that is, and is above, 
and is for ever. As Huss knelt, his pa- 
per cap fell off ; a bailiff replaced it with 
a jest. The executioners called on the 
martyr to arise. He begged to address 
the multitude. But this would never do ; 
he must be burned forthwith. 

So they bound him to the stake with 
seven moistened thongs and a great 
chain coiled about his neck. The exe- 
cutioners had made a mistake; they had 
bound him with his face to the east, and 

he a heretic! Therefore, to satisfy the 
sacerdotal soul, they turned him towards 
the west, where, presumably, God is not. 
They piled straw and faggots of wood 
saturated with pitch around him; they 
wrapped him from the burning sun. 
Then, before the torch was set to the 
pile, the Elector, with his marshal by his 
side, offered Huss one more chance to 
repent. There was the old reply : " I 
cannot repent the truth." 

The Elector clapped his hands and (to 
his credit) rode off. The clapping of 
the hands was the signal; the torch, 
flaming sullenly in the midsummer sun, 
was applied. The smoke rose from the 
straw, the martyr was wrapped in a 
cloud. But out of the cloud came a 
voice : " O Christ, Son of the living God, 
pity us. O Christ, Son of the living God, 
pity us. Thou who art born of Mary the 
Virgin " — the flame was up now, and 
smote him on the mouth. Huss was silent 
at last. 

When the flames were spent, there was 
seen a fire-bitten post and a charred 
skeleton. The executioners were not sat- 
isfied. They broke the brittle bones, 
cleft the black skull, flung them again 
on the pile, and heaped fuel till all was 
consumed. The martyr's heart had some- 
how also escaped destruction at the first 
burning. They placed it on a spear, and 
held it in the flames till it also was con- 

-ifliRi^tf jp*° w**4W*h - u%vaw v^. 

The Boulder Which Marks the Spot Where John Huss and Jerome Were Burnt. 


The Missionary Visitor 


sumed. The paper cap had been blown 
away by the wind. They burned that, 
as they did every shred of clothing, that 
there might be no memorial of the mar- 
tyr. Finally they gathered the ashes of 
all and flung them into the Rhine. The 
swift stream hurried them on to Ger- 
many and the north, whence would come 
the Avenger, who should stand at the lat- 
ter day upon the earth and proclaim that 
John Huss had seen and spoken the truth 
of God. 

So died Huss. A year after him, Je- 
rome was burned in the same place. You 

may see a boulder there, with the names 
of the two friends engraven. It stands 
just outside the little town of Constance, 
hard by the gas works. It is, I think, 
a quiet witness of the greatest thing in 
the world : the soul of man that is willing 
to lose all for what it believes to be the 
truth. So this stone, and many others 
like it, steadily give the lie to the hyena 
and the pelican, laughing and wailing 
over the death of the soul. 

It was on Huss' birthday he died (July 
6, 1415). It was his birthday into a more 
enduring world. 



Mrs. Nora Berkebile 

Was it dream or was it vision 

In the night-time came to me, 
As I thought of home and loved ones 

In the land across the sea? 
I had left this heated country, 

And had crossed the ocean wide, 
And was in the dear old homeland 

Sitting by my mother's side. 

I was thirsty and she brought me 

From the well a cooling draught; 
I was warm and tired and dusty, 

And the cool, sweet air I sought. 
In the orchard trees were laden 

With the dear, sweet applebloom, 
And the cooling air so fragrant 

In abundance filled the room. 

On the lawn the grass was growing, 

Starred with dandelions fair; 
And the leaves were gently fluttering 

In the perfume-laden ajr. 
Oh, my heart was filled with gladness, 

And new vigor came to me. 
As I breathed the air so bracing 

In my home across the sea! 

How I longed to pluck the clover 

In the meadow and the lane — 
To inhale its sweetest fragrance, 

And to rest my weary brain! 
Dear sweet blossoms seemed to beckon 

To me through the old house door, 
And I went and sat among them 

As I oft had done before. 

Oh, to sit here in the clover, 
Oh, to breathe this air so clear, 

And to know that I am resting 
In the home to me so dear, 

♦This poem may be had for free distribu- 
tion as a missionary leaflet by addressing 
General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

Overpowered me with its pleasure, 
And I praised the Father near, 

Who had left me cross the ocean 
Just to rest and linger here. 

While I rested mid the blossoms, 

Brothers, sisters, friends so dear, 
And the dear, dear loving father, 

With my mother walking near, 
Smiled and rested just beside me, 

Talked of lonely days now flown — 
How they wished and longed to see me 

After I had from them gone. 

Others came and lingered near me — 

Came and clasped my hand once more- 
And they begged me not to leave them, 

As I left them once before. 
" In this dear, sweet home of freedom 

There is evil, there is sin, — 
Stay and work here in the homeland, — 

Here are souls for Christ to win. 

" Oh, why cross the wider ocean? 

Why on heated plains to roam, 
When around us souls are dying? 

So much here to do at home. 
There are only heathen creatures. 

Ugly gods of wood and stone, 
Superstition, filth and ignorance. 

Why should you among them roam? 

" Stay at home and do your duty, 

God will some way care for them, 
Surely He who is so gracious 

Will not those poor souls condemn." 
Thus they begged and gently pleaded 

For the " Much to do at home," 
And an instant I had yielded 

And decided not to roam — 

Said I not again would leave them, 
I would do the work so near, 

I would never go to India — 
Sunny India, oh, so dear, 


The Missionary Visitor 


With its bright-eyed, loving children, 
With their glossy bodies brown, 

And the widows, wives and maidens 
Found in village, field and town. 

They are not so filthy, dirty, 

As some stranger might conclude, 
Just because they worship idols — 

Idols made from stone and wood. 
They are often clean and gentle. 

Sparkling eyes and curling hair, 
And among the men are many 

Learned, wise and dressed with care. 

In an instant they had vanished, 

And a voice so sweet and low 
Said, " Dear child, look up and tell me, 

Surely you your Master know?" 
Hands outstretched were sore and bleeding, 

And the side was deeply pierced, 
While upon His brow so noble 

A crown of thorns was deeply pressed. 

Oh, the sweetness and compassion 

Of the gentle face so dear! 
As I looked I quickly uttered, 

"Master! Master! art Thou here?" 
" Yes, my child, where thou art resting 

For a time from work set free 
I have come to bless and comfort — 

Dost thou gladly welcome me?" 

Yes, I welcomed Him most gladly, 

As I rested there at home, 
And I told Him how they begged me 

Not in heathen lands to roam. 
- Going out to My poor lost ones — 

Sheep without a shepherd there? 
Will you leave My dying heathen 

For a home of comfort here? 

" In this land of wealth and culture — 

Yes, there's plenty work to do; 
But I called you to the heathen — 

That's the work I gave to you, 
To some more I gave the mission, 

But they did not heed the call — 
' Much to do here in the homeland ' 

Is the plea of one and all. 

" I had left My home in glory, 

I obeyed My Father's will, 
And for these I deeply suffered — 

Died and bled on Calvary's hill. 
Yes, they say, ' In God's compassion 

He will not these souls condemn; 
And just stay here in the homeland, 

Do not spend your life for them.' 

" In My holy book 't is written, 

' If they sin without the law 
They without the law shall perish,' 

Christ the Light they never saw. 
Can you leave those brown-skinned chil- 
dren — 

Eyes so bright and smile so wide — 
Can you leave these, My poor lost ones? 

As for you I for them died. 

" In this homeland there are Bibles, 

'And how many workers, too, 
As compared with foreign helpers — 
No, my child, the work needs you. 
Yes, there's work here in your country, 

I I will give near home,' they say, 

When I call for city missions 
Then they often say Me, ' Nay, 

" ' Nearer home I'll give my money, 

Nearer home there's work to aid.' 
When I call near home they answer, 

' All my offering I have paid, 
And I cannot now assist You 

In more mission work at home, 
And I will not give to workers 

Who on foreign fields will roam.' 

" He who will not give to missions, 

To the heathen far away, 
Seldom does much in the cities 

Or for those who near him stay, 
But when all the final reckonings 

Of My creatures shall be done, 
And from every clime and kingdom, 

Scattered 'neath the smiling sun, 

" All shall come and show their records, 

Learned, ignorant, great and small, 
And the books before Me open 

And I all their names shall call, 
Then, perhaps, a dark-skinned heathen, 

(Who the Gospel never heard, 
Just because a Christian brother 

Would not take to him the Word 

" Which I bade him to them carry, 

That they, too, the Light should see, 
But he did not heed the summons 

Which would set the heathen free), 
Will come up and stand before Me 

With his little open book, 
Which shows only idol worship 

As I through and through it look. 

" As these two in God's great balance, 

With My holy book are weighed, 
Will the heathen be -found wanting, 

Or the one who disobeyed 
When I called him on that mission — 

Called and called for him to go. 
That the poor benighted heathen 

Might My sweet compassion know? 

" Now you are your brother's keeper — 

Keeper of your sister, too; 
But I fear some are not doing 

Work I begged them much to do. 
' I am not my brother's keeper.' 

This they act, but do not say — 
Do not claim a spirit kinship 

To the souls so far away. 

" Your dear ones will never hinder, 

For they did not say Me nay 
When I told them how I needed 

Many helpers far away. 
Others have no right to tempt you; 

Sure, they sorrow when you go; 
But just make them feel the mission, 

How you gospel seed must sow. 

" Let the need ring o'er the homeland, 

How My children over there 
Have dear souls to Me as precious 

As souls in this land so fair, 
Oh, go tell them how I need them 

In My country o'er the seas! 
Though there be work in the homeland 

Many gladly care for these." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Then He left me and I started 

On the mission, where He sent; 
And I begged for men and women 

Who seemed cold and quite content 
Just to linger 'mid the pleasures, 

Just to heap up lands and gold, 
When the poor, deluded heathen 

Die in sin without the fold. 

How I tried to burn the message! 

But they did not care to know 
How the poor, benighted creatures 

Would unsaved to darkness go. 
Yes, I pleaded for the workers, 

Yes, I begged, but begged in vain, 
That they join the Lord's great battle 

On some heated Indian plain. 

Men and maidens, strong and hearty, 

Both in body and in brain, 
With no special work to bind them; 

But they heard the call in vain. 
They are not their brother keeping, 

For they do not go or send, 
And instead for land and money 

Every effort they expend. 

All, He does not call to labor 

On some foreign hill or plain, 
For with wife or child or parent 

They at home are to remain, 
That, He gives them for their mission, 

That, He left for them to do, 
And they do that work most nobly 

While they help the other, too. 

No, not all are called to labor 

In a land so far away; 
But not all He calls will listen — 

Will not go, nor send, nor pray. 
Thus I tried to burn the message 

Into hearts in many a home; 
But they would not listen to it — 

Forced me to return alone. 

Days there had been full of pleasure, 

When I seemed so free from care, 
But my mind went o'er the ocean 

And I longed so to be there. 
But the field was ripe for harvest, 

And more reapers would not go. 
They refused to join the battle, 

That the heathen Light might know. 

I awoke, I had been sleeping 
In my dear, sweet Indian home, 

And the midnight breeze had driven 
Sultry heat quite out the room. 

While the scent of mango blossoms, 
Wafted by the gentle breeze, 

Filled the room with mildest fragrance- 
Fragrance from the green of trees. 

I was glad the Lord had called me 

To this land so far away, 
And I longed that more might hasten 

Soon the summons to obey; 
For around us men are dying 

And the Light they do not know, 
For there is a dearth of workers 

Here the gospel seed to sow. 

Oh, if they could know the pleasure 

And the peace to those who go 
To the dark, benighted heathen, 

That the Savior they might know, 
They at home would never linger, 

They would hasten to the fight, 
And on heated plain and jungle 

Battle for the Lord and right! 

Vada s Thana District, India. 

«■ • i ■■■•• 


The Missionary Visitor 



Alice K. Ebey 

F all the women of In- 
dia were to stand 
shoulder to shoulder 
the. line would be 
long enough to reach 
around the world. 
Think of it! One 
hundred and fifty mil- 
lion women. One- 
fifth of all the wives 
and mothers in the 
world live in India and not one in a 
hundred has even heard the name of Je- 

We read much of India's zenana 
woman, who from girlhood is kept in a 
darkened house, shut off from the life 
and society of the outer world, and in 
many cases never seeing the face of 
any man save that of her own hus- 
band. These women dare not walk out 
in the bright sunshine, nor breathe God's 
pure air, nor look upon the beauties of 
nature, but are kept in total ignorance 
and utter spiritual darkness. Yet some 
persevering missionary women have been 
able to enter these prison-like houses and 
by long, patient teaching have brought 
the gospel light to a few of their dark- 
ened hearts. 

But the millions of India's common 
women are not found in these secluded 
zenanas. We meet them everywhere ; in 
the crowded market, each one walking 
behind her husband, with a large basket 
of grain on her head and a child astride 
her hip. The husband walks ahead with 
the umbrella to shade himself and wears 
the one pair of shoes. We see them 
working in the fields or elsewhere with 
the men. In the evening they sometimes 
sit together outside their hut to gossip to- 

*This is published in leaflet form for free 
distribution. Address General Mission Board, 
Elgin, 111. 

gether. We find them in their low, 
grass-covered huts, grinding on their 
handmills or cooking the food on a little, 
open fireplace. We see them washing by 
the riverside or drawing water from the 
village well. At the railway station, in 
the crowded railway carriage, on every 
side are our India sisters, and as we look 
into the dark faces our hearts go out in 
sympathy as we remember their suffering 
and ignorance. According to the Hindoo 
belief woman has neither mind nor soul, 
and not more than one in two hundred of 
Hindoo women can read, and they have 
been taught largely through missionary 

The woman of India is very fond of 
jewels. The -wealthier classes have or- 
naments of silver and gold; the poorer 
classes, of brass, iron, glass or clay, but 
jewels the heathen woman must have, 
lest her huband be without honor. She 
wears rings on her fingers, rings on her 
toes, rings on her arms, sometimes from 
wrist to elbow, and a heavy one or two 
slipped down above the elbow; rings on 
the ankle, from ankle to knee, as many as 
fifty. Besides, she wears beads as many 
as two hundred strings at once. Then 
she has ornaments in the ear, so heavy 
that the ear bends over with the weight, 
and also in the end or side of the nose. 
But the desire for jewelry, not yet satis- 
fied, she may paste a jewel on her fore- 
head, or bore holes in the front teeth in 
which to set jewels. Clothing may be 
scant, or food for the family lacking, but 
the woman of India must have her jewels. 
How our Christian sisters stand in con- 
trast, clothed in modest apparel and seek- 
ing the incorruptible ornament of a meek 
and quiet spirit, which, in the sight of 
God, is of great price. 

When we meet one of our heathen 
sisters we often ask, " Sister, how many 


The Missionary Visitor 


children have you ? " She may reply, 
" Alas, lady, I have only one, just 
this one little son." But seeing several 
little girls clinging to her we ask 
again, " But these girls, whose daughters 
are they ! " " Oh, yes, they are mine, 
but they are only girls." Girls don't 
count in India. Parents don't count 
them, because they belong to their hus- 
bands and they are not counted in their 
husband's house because they are only 

Everybody is disappointed when a 
daughter is born, from grandparents to 
distant cousins. " But it is our fate ; 
what can we do ? " they say, and then 
proceed to arrange for her marriage. 
Before the strong hand of the English 
government ruled over India, hundreds 
of these helpless girl-infants were thrown 
into wells, strangled or poisoned, or else 
they died of sheer neglect. But now 
government looks so carefully into these 
matters that, should the number of boys 
in a certain village far exceed the number 
of girls, the village headman is called to 
account. So fear of the law, if nothing 
else, saves the lives of many girls. 

After the birth of a daughter the par- 
ents proceed at once to look out for 
a suitable husband. In some cases 
arrangements have even been made 
before birth, in case the child should 
be a girl. It is quite common for 
girls four or five years old to be married, 
and every girl must be married before 
she is grown. And who is a suitable hus- 
band? Age is of no consideration, for a 
man of forty often marries a girl of six. 
Neither wealth, nor education, nor per- 
sonal traits are considered, but he must 
belong to the same caste. The bride's 
father bargains with the groom's father 
for so much money, and then they are 
ready for the wedding. 

The bride may be too young to under- 
stand what a wedding means. She only 
knows that mother and sisters and aunts 
and cousins are very busy making sweet- 
meats, and if they belong to the drinking 
classes she knows that father and broth- 

ers and uncles and cousins have brought 
dozens of large earthen vessels of liquor. 
She may also understand, in a vague way, 
that she is the center of all this ado, for 
she is bathed in the yellow saffron and 
has had some new jewels and a bright 
new dress put on. 

Finally the groom and all his relatives, 
with all the caste people of the village, 
come to the little bride's home. They 
feast and drink and beat their drums and 
dance all night long for a whole week and 
then they are married. The marriage fee 
is spent and most likely a heavy debt rests 
on the bride's father. The bridegroom 
returns to his village ; the girl-bride con- 
tinues with her mother as before and may 
soon forget that there was a wedding, 
playing about as free and careless as a 
child is wont to do. 

But some day, when the girl is ten or 
twelve years old, the mother-in-law sends 
for her, saying, " It is time now for my 
son's wife to come and serve me." So 
the parents send her away with a charge 
like this, " Daughter you must go. You 
belong to your husband's house. Go, 
suffer all things, but never come back to 
your father's house, else you be as dead 
to us." Do you ask whether these 
mothers have no love for their daugh- 
ters? Yes, they love them, but this is 
their custom and their religion and they 
know no other way to do. 

So the innocent girl leaves the home 
where she has had at least the shelter of 
a mother's natural love. She goes into 
her new home to serve her mother-in-law 
and elder sisters-in-law. To this child- 
wife the heavy tasks of the household 
fall. She grinds and washes and cooks 
and fills water and scours the vessels and 
does her full share of work in the field 
or at the loom. If she falls short in any 
of these tasks, or if a vessel be broken or 
the rice scorched or the food not properly 
seasoned, of course it is the new wife at 
fault. So on the return of the young hus- 
band the old mother advises him to beat 
his wife. " How shall she learn to cook 
without being beaten?" Then he beats 


The Missionary Visitor 


her, ofttimes most cruelly. She may 
scream and cry for mercy, but no one 
interferes. It is only a wife being beaten 
and no one takes any notice, for it is the 
custom. A few days ago a husband beat 
his wife most cruelly, breaking her arm, 
but no one said anything and the wife 
herself dared not complain, lest a worse 
thing befall her. So the poor wives are 
beaten, but who cares? Only the Lord 
knows the depths of the wrongs of 
India's women, and only His servants try 
to help or comfort them in their ig- 
norance and suffering. 

So the young heathen wife struggles 
on day by day, working and suffering. 
She cooks the meal and sets it out for 
her lord and then eats what is left. No 
heathen woman would ever think of 
doing such an improper thing as to sit 
down to eat with her husband or sons. 
Nor dare she eat before he returns home, 
however late. But the young wife looks 
forward to the time when some of these 
things may change. She hopes to be a 
mother, a mother of sons, and by and by 
she may be a mother-in-law, the mistress 
of the house, with daughters-in-law to 
serve her. 

But sometimes the husband dies. The 
wife becomes a widow, the most despised 
and degraded creature in the land. The 
following extract from one of the Hin- 
doo sacred books reveals their thought 
in reference to the widow : 

"What is cruel? 

The heart of a viper. 

But what is more cruel? 

The heart of a woman. 

But what is crudest of all? 

The heart of a soulless, childless widow." 

In lands where the Bible and Christ 
influence society the widow calls out the 
tenderest sympathy, and all are eager 
to help and comfort. Not so in a heathen 
land, where Christ is not known. In 
India the blame of the husband's death 
rests on her head. " The viper," hisses 
the mother-in-law, " has bitten my son 
and killed him." " Poor creature," wails 
the mother, " how good if she had never 
been born." Before the English abol- 

ished the cruel custom, the widow often 
threw herself on the funeral pile and 
burned with her dead husband. Some- 
times relatives bound her fast, lest in the 
agony of burning she seek to escape. 
But suttee, as it was called, has been put 
away, and yet according to their own 
testimony thousands would prefer rather 
to burn than to live in the disgrace and 
degradation of widowhood. 

As soon as the husband is dead, the 
widow, even if but a child, is stripped 
of her jewels and bright clothing. The 
barber shaves her head and she is 
arrayed in the widow's garb, a plain, 
coarse, white or red saree, wound about 
her body. Everywhere they scorn and 
curse her. She dare not show her face 
at a wedding, nor be present oh any of 
the happy family occasions, for to see 
a widow is an ill-omen. The curse has 
fallen upon her, and when misfortune or 
death comes to the family, they say, 
" We shelter a widow, hence this ill- 
luck." Then they curse and blame her 
the more. If in the early morning a man 
on his way to work should chance to 
meet a widow he would stop to curse 
her most vilely; then returning to his 
house would stay there all the day, say- 
ing, " I have met a widow and that fore- 
bodes ill, so I cannot look after my 
business today." 

Most of these poor widows can hope 
for nothing else. Their life is one long 
series of fasts and wailings, taunts and 
curses. Once a widow always a widow. 
Even though a child, not yet in her hus- 
band's house, she is not permitted to 
remarry. She is the drudge of the house- 
hold and is allowed but one meal a day; 
besides she must often fast in honor o"f 
her dead husband. There are 21,000,000 
widows in India, and about five per cent 
of them are children under twelve years 
of age. 

At last death comes to the widow, but 
even death brings her no relief, for 
according to their belief she must go on 
suffering through eternity as a punish- 
ment for the death of her husband. So 


The Missionary Visitor 


she goes out into the awful darkness and 
misery of the future without hope or 
comfort, and hundreds are dying daily 
without Christ. 

To these suffering wives and degraded 
widows missionary women bring the gos- 
pel message of hope and comfort. Think 
you that they run to meet the messenger, 
and eagerly drink in the message of 
peace and receive the Christ as their 
Savior? Nay, not so. These women, 
who suffer so much on account of their 
religion, are last to renounce it. Let a 
son turn to Christ. Then the mother, 
tearing her hair and beating her breast, 
entreats him, " Son be true to the old 
religion of your fathers. If you forsake 
our old religion you are as dead to me." 
And often a woman's influence keeps 
him from confessing Christ. If he should 
turn to Christianity his mother shuts 
the door forever in his face and refuses 
to receive a drop of water or a morsel 
of food from his hand for fear of defile- 

But usually the women listen to the 
gospel story, at first listlessly, as though 
utterly incapable of comprehending its 
meaning. Again and again the faithful 
messenger goes, knowing that Christ 
can open blind eyes, unstop deaf ears and 
soften stony hearts. At last a ray of 
light creeps into the darkened mind and 
she exclaims, " This Gospel must be a 
most glorious thing for women in Chris- 
tian lands. How good to be loved in the 
home, honored in society and comforted 
in widowhood. It must be very grand 
and glorious for women to live in a 
Christian land." 

Then the missionary tries again to con- 
vince her that Christ died for women in 
India as well as for women in America 
and Europe, but she sadly shakes her 
head, saying, " It can't be true. Surely 
God never meant us to be happy, else we 
would not have been born Hindoos." 

Then the missionary is apt to go home 
sad and disheartened, wondering whether 
after all it pays to be a missionary, and 
whether it is worth while for the church 

to pray and sacrifice and deny herself 
to give the Gospel to those who will not 
receive it. Then, ashamed of the mo- 
mentary discouragement, she turns to 
the little band of Christian sisters. Once 
they could not understand nor did they 
care. Once they had said, " It cannot be 
for us." Now a new joy has come into 
their lives. Christ has broken the chains 
that bound them. The Christian woman 
is her husband's true helpmeet, not only 
sharing the burdens of life but being a 
partner in life's joys and a joint heir of 
eternal life. Together they read God's 
Word and pray, and together they teach 
their children of the Jesus who loves 
them. These Christian women are not 
perfect, but they stand in great contrast 
to the crushed and suffering, ignorant 
heathen women. We see them as their 
loved ones are taken away with a new 
hope in their hearts, knowing the life to 
come is better than this. Then we know 
it pays, even more than pays, for all the 
sacrifices and prayers, the labors and 
tears. On these Christian homes and 
these Christian women is built the hope 
of India's future. Convert all of India's 
women today and tomorrow India will be 
converted. It pays ! It pays a hundred- 
fold in this life, and God only knows how 
it will pay in the world to come. What 
greater joy in that final day than to hear 
the Savior say, " Well done, good and 
faithful servant. You have had your 
part in bringing the light to these souls 
in darkness." Who, then, will regret 
having given too much or having done 
too much for the Lord's work among 
these daughters of darkness? Surely, 
then, our only regret will be that we have 
given so little and done so little for these 
benighted ones. 

Then when we are all gathered to- 
gether in our Father's house, these dark- 
faced sisters from India with the fairer 
ones from other climes, we shall raise our 
voices together to sing the song of praise 
and glory to the Lamb who shed His 
blood for the ransom of sons and daugh- 
ters from every clime. 


The Missionary Visitor 



W. B. Stover 

Y eyes are heavy with 
sleeping in daytime 
and working nights. 
These moonlight 
nights are beautiful to 
be among the people, 
and more, for our own 
sakes, we cannot do 
otherwise. So we 
sleep in the day and 
then go to work in 
the night. For, you see this is now 
the HOT weather, and oh, so hot it 
is ! On the north veranda of our house 
the thermometer from one o'clock till aft- 
er sundown stands generally at 110. In- 
side, on the enclosed veranda facing the 
east, it is 100, while by keeping it dark in- 
side and the doors shut we keep the tem- 
perature down to 92. In this 92 we nap 
from 12 : 30 to 2 P. M., and then endure 
it till six in the evening. The other day 
I put the thermometer out in the sun on 
a board pile, and it went up to 140 
straightway, without asking any ques- 
tions ! 

In the night we go in little companies 
to the villages, and there we sit and sing 
or talk or preach if occasion permits. 
You know I have come to the opinion 
that we want to be wise with respect to 
our preaching-, for in many cases as the 
present preaching and preaching and 
preaching seems only to tease the peo- 
ple, and so we sometimes sing, and some- 
times talk, and sometimes make what 
might be called purely social visits. 
Whatever it is, there is a wholesome ad- 
mixture of " preaching " in it all the 
same, and we go on rejoicing. Last night 
we talked wholly against drink. Night 
before we sat on a cloth spread out for 
us in the open between several houses, 
and there we were singing. Presently 
one of the men called out to us, one of a 
good company of listeners, saying, 

" Preach. We want to hear the wisdom 
you have got." And we preached, we 
did, with an enthusiasm that would have 
warmed up anybody. It was good to be 
there. It was good to hear. It was good 
to help in a happy job like that. We got 
home about midnight. 

Two weeks ago we were looking for a 
few men who had asked for baptism, to 
come in the evening to Ankleshwer, as 
they could not get off from their work 
in the daytime. We said they should 
come in the night, and we had been ex- 
pecting them till bedtime, and were think- 
ing of going to bed. But then they came. 
Two men, two good-sized boys, and with 
them their friends, they came as they had 
said, desiring baptism. Asking them the 
usual questions, they were so shy that 
they could not answer anything at all. So 
I asked the brother who brought them to 
ask the questions, and they replied more 
freely. He told us that they had given 
clear evidence before coming, and had 
been waiting for some time. So we took 
the council of the church, the part which 
was awake and had not yet gone to bed, 
and they all thought, certainly baptize 
them, both the men and the boys. Then 
the man whom we had been talking to 
for an hour before, and who seemed un- 
settled, spoke up and asked why he could 
not also be received with these four. We 
said he could, if he was sure that he 
would stand firm, enduring with joy what 
persecution would naturally follow from 
his people, and have simple faith in the 
Lord Jesus as his only one Savior, and 
promise as long as he lived to hear the 
church. We make this a special point 
in our instructions to applicants. They 
promise for better or for worse, come 
what may, to hear the church. And I 
think it is the right thing to do. It ought 
to be so. Therefore we do it. 

After prayer we went out to the water- 


The Missionary Visitor 


side, and one by one they got into the 
tank with me and were baptized. I 
might add a word about the simplicity of 
all this : it is wonderful. These were poor 
people all. They brought no change of 
raiment with them, and we could hardly 
supply them all with our clothes. More- 
over, that would be unfitting anyhow. 
So we let that matter work itself out. 
And this is the way it worked : The first 
man wrapped himself in a piece of cloth- 
ing, which is ordinarily worn among 
them, one single piece. When, after bap- 
tism, he went out of the water, he gave 
the same cloth to the next, who hastily 
slipped it on and came into the water. 
In the same way he passed the cloth to 
the next man, and he was baptized. The 
fourth and the fifth the same way. All 
were baptized in one and the same piece 
of cloth, and only that one article of 
clothing for them got wet. No one said 
anything about it. No one thought any- 
thing about it. A perfectly natural move, 
it was, and a matter of convenience 
among themselves. Verily, what a dunce 
a man makes of himself who lives in a 
cold country and argues against the apos- 
tolic baptism, and against the immersion 
of 3,000 in one day from the imaginary 
standpoint that they would have trouble 
to change clothes ! Heathen arguments 
against Christianity seem flimsy and idi- 
otic, but nothing quite equals' this: 
" Where would they find water enough ? 
Where would they go to change 
clothes?" from gentlemen of education! 
The clock struck 12 as we came back into 
the house. 

Speaking of the support of native 
workers in the mission, we have to make 
changes sometimes, and people at home 
can't quite appreciate this. If it is made 
clear I think they would understand. 
For example, only a few weeks ago a 
brother supported by the Middle District 

of Iowa, who is doing a good deal of 
farming besides mission work, was rec- 
ommended to become self-supporting 
by the committee. He is ready and will- 
ing to do so. He has just been elected by 
his congregation to the deacon's office, 
and promises better in the future than he 
has been even in the past. This is all 
right, but the congregation supporting 
this brother will find another name placed 
against theirs in the support list. This is 
the reason — and reasons for changes of- 
ten come. Sometimes they are very 
good, sometimes not so good. But we 
make the change when it is absolutely 
necessary to do so, and trust for the good 
of all. At the present time Iowa supports 
more workers than any other State, more 
than twice as many as Pennsylvania and 
Pennsylvania more than twice as many as 
any other State! The District Mission 
Board of the First District of India is sup- 
porting one, the church at Ankleshwer is 
supporting one, and the Scottish Bible 
Society is supporting three colporters. 
Some time in the future it may be of ad- 
vantage to publish that list in full in the 
Visitor, if it is thought best to do so. 
In many respects it were better to give 
for the work, and let the distribution be 
made according to the necessity and op- 
portunity. I know many are doing this. 
But if the brethren desire it otherwise, 
if they desire that we should assign a 
worker for their special support, why, we 
will always try to accommodate ourselves 
to the desire of those who love the work 
and pray for it. 

May the Lord bless every one richly 
who gives of his living that others may 
hear the blessed story of the Gospel, and 
come into living contact with the blessed 
Savior. This has been our joy. We pass 
the joy on to others, and wish them all 
the good that we have got. 

Ankleshwer, May y, ipop. 


The Missionary Visitor 



I. S. Long 

N the spring of 1907, 
as Bro. D. H. Zigler, 
of Virginia, and I 
were in India's me- 
tropolis, Calcutta, for 
a day or so we were 
very desirous of see- 
ing what the great 
city had for the vis- 
itor. On consulting 
our guidebooks w e 
concluded that in that vicinity there are 
no spots more interesting than the 
" Black Hole " and Serampore. 

Early in the morning we boarded the 
north-bound train for Serampore, a sub- 
urban town of Calcutta, twelve miles 
away. The country between lies low, is 
thickly settled and most beautiful. Sta- 
tions followed in close succession and 
soon we ran into an unpretentious sta- 
tion called Serampore. 
■ We got down from the train, tried to 
get our bearings, asked a few questions 
about the town and the " old mission," 
etc., etc. The several English-speaking 
people to whom we talked either were 
new in the place or else they had no in- 
terest in us, for they looked at us as if 
we were mistaken in the place we desired 
to go. Could it be that these fellows are 
ignorant of Carey's name even, we 
thought? And don't they know there is 
a famous mission in the town ? Our sur- 
prise and bewilderment were but a part 
of greater surprises that followed our 
stay there. However, we were finally di- 
rected to the mission premises by the peo- 
ple we met on the way. 

Think of the sacred memories that clus- 
ter about the names of Carey, Marsh- 
man and Ward ! Think of the feelings as 
we stood before those two massive build- 
ings, the college of Serampore and 
Carey's house ! One could not help but 
be surprised at the dimensions and the 

present appearance of the buildings. Aft- 
er a century of rust and time the build- 
ings appear in good shape and they bid 
fair to stand for many a long day yet. 
Even so will Carey's name endure, we 

" The center building intended for the 
public rooms was 130 feet in length and 
120 in depth. The hall on the ground 
floor, supported on arches and terminated 
at the south by a bow, was ninety-five 
feet in length, sixty-six in breadth, and 
twenty in height. It was originally in- 
tended for the library, but is now oc- 
cupied by the classes. The hall above, of 
the same dimensions and twenty-six feet 
in height, was supported by two ionic 
columns. It was intended for the annual 
examinations. Of the twelve side rooms 
above and below, eight were of spacious 
dimensions, twenty-seven feet by thirty- 
five. The portico, which fronted the riv- 
er, was composed of four columns, more 
than four feet in diameter at the base. 
The staircase-room was ninety feet in 
length, twenty-seven in width, and forty- 
seven in height, with two staircases of 
cast iron, of large size and elegant form, 
prepared at Birmingham. The spacious 
grounds were surrounded with iron rail- 
ing, and the front entrance was adorned 
with a noble gate, likewise cast at Birm- 

Likewise the house of Carey was built 
large. Some people are disposed to criti- 
cise the builders for building on such a 
grand scale. In defense it may be said 
that they built well and strong. More- 
over, it is well known that the mission- 
aries from their own earnings, Carey, as 
professor in the Government College at 
Fort William, and Dr. and Mrs. Marsh- 
man from their earnings in the print- 
ing press set up by Ward, financed the 
work. " The buildings you must raise 
in India " had been the word sent from 

The Colleg-e at Serampore, and Carey's House, 

the homeland. And there stand to this 
day those massive structures, almost in 
their original form, abiding witnesses to 
the faith of the builders and a challenge 
to the faith of those who follow. 

In north India what spot so sacred to 
all missionaries ! It was good to be there, 
and once on that historic ground, good to 
meditate. It was here that the first ver- 
sions of the Christian Scriptures in the 
several Hindu languages were prepared 
and printed by the first mission printing 
press seen in India, and on paper man- 
ufactured on the spot by means of the 
first steam engine ever seen in the coun- 
try. It was here that the first Bengali 
convert, Krishna Pal, was baptized, and 
here that the first Protestant Christian 
church in north India was established. 

The visitor today may see by the river- 
side the house in which the Serampore 
trio first took up their residence. It has 
been partially rebuilt, and adapted for use 
as a place of worship; but the original 
plan has been preserved. In this chapel 
it is said Sir Henry Havelock was bap- 
tized and in adjoining rooms to it Jud- 
son and wife lived during their short stay 
at Serampore before departing for their 
wonderful work in Burmah. Close by is 
the college house in which Carey lived 
and in which he died, and adjoining this 
is the college proper. 

The several missionaries living there 
today were very kind to us in showing us 
about the premises. Here was Carey's 
room, full of intrest. Over in the college 
is a large room filled with tomes and 
tomes of his old manuscripts, old versions 
of the Bible in various languages, the 
work of Carey and his pandit, many of 
his and his companion's books, the photos 
of the famous trio, Carey's crutches — 
for he was compelled to use crutches for 
a time — Carey's study chair and many 
other articles of great interest, a real 
museum of interest. 

A little further down the river may be 
seen the ruins of the Hindu temple, in 
which, together with the saintly Henry 
Martin, David Brown and Claudius Bu- 
chanan during their residence in Seram- 
pore, Carey, Marshman and Ward used 
to meet for prayer. On the other side 
of town stands the old Danish church, in 
which the missionaries and Anglican 
chaplains used to preach to the English 
residents. This house is now used by the 
Church of England. 

Before leaving we were led to the old 
cemetery. First we sat on the high, mas- 
sive wall surrounding it and took a gen- 
eral survey of the whole. Then, one after 
another, we examined the old tablets. By 
this time it was too warm to bare our 
heads to the sun: however, we were on 


The Missionary Visitor 


ground where one felt like baring his 
head and taking off his sandals. The 
cemetery is not large, but is nearly full of 
unpretentious old tombstones, all of 
which show the marks of hoary time. 
There we stood, midst the graves holding 
the consecrated dust. of four generations 
of missionaries, converts and other Chris- 
tian people. On one side, near together 
and some larger than the others stood 
three old monuments to the memory of 
Carey, Marshman and Ward. If you 
would know the beauty and simplicity of 
their faith, their humility and nobility, 
you merely need to stand and read. For 
example, all that Carey would allow in- 
scribed on his monument I append: 

William Carey. 

Born August 17th, 1761; 

Died June 9th, 1834. 

" A wretched, poor, and helpless worm, 

On Thy kind arms I fall." 

We left for Calcuatta, glad for the 
visit and glad for the impressions made 
at Serampore. At the same time we were 
filled with inexpressible pathos, for to- 
day there are but a few Christians living 
about there, and a small school of young 
people are occupying the old college 
building. Today there is an effort being 
made to make Serampore a Christian 
University. For one, I think it a most 
worthy project and I hope the effort will 

Jalalpor, India. 


F. H. Crumpacker 

E are not located on a 
river of any size, but 
better than that this is 
on a railroad, and that 
makes it a very impor- 
tant place. It is the 
farthest west of any 
railroad in China, so 
^^^^ from here all the 
»»-» --,-r— s=^i| nor thwest gets its sup- 
plies. This is the 
place that all of the mails come to, and 
here it is distributed to carriers that take 
it on on foot. Goods can be brot here 
quicker, but not much cheaper than years 
ago before the railroad. 

This town is located in the Shansi 
plain. On either side of us there are 
mountains, some very high ones. This 
is a rich valley and furnishes wheat to 
much of the surrounding country. It 
reaches from north to south for about 
half the length of the province, and from 
east to west it is rather narrow, about 
twenty miles would be an average. But 
remember that other societies claim all of 
this valley and if we get territory we will 
go to the mountains.. The mountain peo- 

ple, however, are more easy to preach to 
and the climate is much better. 

Many questions have been asked about 
this language, its alphabet, grammar, etc. 
I have no way of saying now, for I do not 
know much about it yet. At present it 
would seem to me that as far as gram- 
mar is concerned there is little or none. 
Yet there is some, but one must nearly 
know what a conversation is about be- 
fore he can follow the conversation. This 
is because there are so many words that 
are pronounced exactly the same, but 
have different meanings and come from 
different characters. 

Reading is not so very difficult ; not so 
nearly as listening and interpreting. 
There are 214 radicals that we might call 
the alphabet. Then there are about 1,000 
phonetics. Every word has a radical in it 
and nearly all have besides the radical 
one or more of these phonetics. These 
put together make the characters, and the 
characters then stand for a word. There 
is some system to it all, but oh, so little. 
The " Kwan Wha " is the common writ- 
ten language, and if read nearly all of 
these northern Chinese can understand 


The Missionary Visitor 


it but none of them scarcely talk the 
Kwan Wha. They all have a dialect of 
their own, which is taken from the origi- 
nal. As to dialects I have absolutely 
nothing to say, for nearly every village 
has a dialect that in some measure differs 
from their neighbors'. If I should dwell 
on this a little while I would get the 
blues, for after one has learned Kwan 
Wha, then he must learn the dialects. 

Chinese Children Going- to School. 

To be sure they are not so hard, after 
one has the foundation, but at the best 
they are difficult. 

As to their religion, I can't as yet tell, 
only what I have seen. Nearly all of them 
have some kind of a god in their house. 
This god is not much noticed unless some 
one in the house gets sick, then they, like 
we, go to their god. I have seen the sick 
down before their gods, making their 
bows and continuing this for a little 
while, and then getting the Chinese doc- 
tor to give them a prescription that they 
get the Chinese druggist to fill, and then 
with the daily visits to the gods they hope 
to get well. Most any Chinaman if asked 
if the gods can do anything will say, 
" No, they can't," but let this same fel- 
low get sick and his inherent supersti- 
tion will take him to his god. This is a 
common testimony. They have no stand- 
ards of morality to amount to much, and 
yet they do. It is so far from our stand- 

ard, tho, that I have no real way of ex- 
plaining it to you intelligently. 

The prevalent immorality among them 
is their utter annulling of all kinds of vir- 
tue. Few, if any, either men or women, 
have clean records. Not many are bold, 
but some even are bold about that kind of 
sin. It is appalling. The Chinaman, as I 
see him, is not a great sinner because of 
what he does ; rather he sins because he 
does not do — omission. 

As to their soil here, it would 
be very poor in a short time if 
these fellows farmed like the 
average American. This they 
do not, but rather take care of 
the land. They use all kinds of 
fertilizer. You can see men on 
the road walking a certain beat, 
watching for the droppings of 
the animals. The sanitary con- 
ditions about the towns would 
be something terrible if it were 
not for the farmers, who go 
over the towns and villages 
every day and get all the filth 
that they can find that will do 
for manure. 

Each farmer has but a little 
field, and in this part of the country he 
does most of his farming without any 
animals. Maybe several of the farmers 
will own an ox or a donkey together to 
do their heavy packing and hauling, 
such as the delivery of their grain. Not 
much grain is sent out of the country, 
for it is all needed to feed the people. 
Their crops are such things as they can 
eat. They have been great opium raisers, 
but thanks to fortune, that crop must go. 

The average town of several hundred 
families will have little lights on posts 
that serve as the street lights. They are 
a very small lamp. 

At the side of the streets most any- 
where they can find a well. There is no 
lid on it. Any can go there and draw. 
They use a straw bucket to draw the 
water and wood bucket to carry it. There 
are few places where the individuals have 

(Continued on Page 236.) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Editorial Comment 

C To one who has never been permitted 
to attend a missionary meeting at Con- 
ference it is hard to imagine the real 
enthusiasm and deep spiritual impres- 
sion which is experienced by those pres- 
ent. To be one of perhaps five thousand 
who are fed from the Master's bounty 
thru a Spirit-filled speaker, is to be party 
to an experience never to be forgotten. 

C Such was the meeting on Monday, 
May 31, at Harrisonburg. The day was 
ideal, and the speakers were at their best. 
Bro. Geo. W. Flory spoke with fitness 
and power and the heart of the large au- 
dience was touched mightily by his 
words. With clearness and force of ex- 
pression and compactness and striking 
illustration he drove home one truth after 
another in such a manner that no one 
could escape the burden laid upon him. 

C But that was seemingly not enough. 
Bro. J. Kurtz Miller, of Brooklyn, N. Y., 
was to follow and was detained at home 
because of illness in his family. Just 
a few hours before the meeting Bro. 
W. M. Howe, of Johnstown, Pa., was 
asked to fill the vacancy. He did it with 
some reluctance. When he arose he felt, 
and many in the audience likewise felt, 
the time was ripe to lift the collection. 
Bro. Howe started out by saying as much. 
But he was not long speaking until every- 
one felt there was still much more to be 
said; and with added vim and strength 
the line of thot so ably begun by Bro. 
Flory was carried to a point still in ad- 
vance in the mind and heart of the con- 

C At this point Bro. D. L. Miller, chair- 
man of the meeting, related how a certain 
sister in California washed for a living, 
and lived in a small, unpretentious home, 
in order that she might spend all of her 
living in works of charity better known 
to God than man. 

C By this time the congregation felt so 
deeply its shortcomings in doing what it 
might have done that one brother wrote 
on the envelope containing the offering 
from his congregation these words: 
" Since this meeting I feel ashamed to 
drop this in. I will teach better at home 
this year." Another brother was so deep- 
ly moved that, tho he had been a liberal 
contributor thru the church at home, he 
gave again this time until he had to bor- 
row money to return home. 

C These instances are given simply to 
show the power of the Spirit manifest 
in the meeting. Many of the envelopes 
which had been sealed after the check 
from the home congregation had been en- 
closed had been opened and a bill of one 
dollar or more was added. 

C The " loose in the hat " part of the 
collection amounted to a little over $1,400. 
Of that amount there were not 150 pen- 
nies. In keeping with the Scriptures, 
" the silver and the gold are his " did the 
Spirit prompt the givers to make their 

C The total offering amounted to $12,- 

C In one congregation, " all unexpected 
to parents and others when taking up 
the offering for Conference, a sister put 
in her name and gave herself. The aver- 
age gift from that congregation was $3 
per member besides. The happy parents, 
rejoicing in the Spirit of the Lord thus 
working in the heart of their child, at 
once laid plans to prepare their daughter 
for the field. Oh, what a privilege to be 
the parents of children thus willing to 
serve the Lord ! 

C Some prophesied that, since there was 
so much unrest and dissatisfaction in 
parts of the Brotherhood over certain 
questions, the offering would be small this 
year. The facts are otherwise, however. 


The Missionary Visitor 


And I am wondering whether we are not 
making too much ado about our differ- 
ences and not enough about our agree- 
ments. To be so greatly concerned as 
some appear at times to be, would almost 
smack, of an absence of faith. God rules. 
His Spirit is with His children. Let us 
be filled and trustful and faithful and 
move on to still greater victory. 

f[ The Secretary, who prepared the An- 
nual Report and the Board who approved 
of it, regret very much that the name of 
the missionaries in China were omitted 
from the list appearing on the second 
page of the report. To make amends 
as far as possible this is the list : 

Frank H. Crumpacker, Mrs. Anna N. 
Crumpacker, Geo. W. Hilton, Mrs. 
Blanche Hilton, Miss Emma Horning. 

Their address is Tai Yuan Fu, Shansi, 

C Even if the body does grow weak 
with age some men's souls seem never to 
grow old, but retain the fire and spirit 
of manhood. Here is the way Elder John 
M. Mohler, hoary headed by seventy-four 
winters, writes about mission work in 
Missouri in particular and the field in 
general : " It is easy to work at missions 
now compared to what it was twenty 
years ago. Then it was outright opposi- 
tion, even some elders taking exceptions. 
Now we have no outright opposition and 
we go into it with all our might. And 
oh, when I consider with what tremen- 
dous proportions this world-wide work 
looms up before us, how can a soul-lover 
and a soul-winner rest or sit idly by with 
folded arms when the whole world cries 
out for the Bread of Life? " 

C By an oversight on the part of the 
editor the illustrations intended to accom- 
pany the write-up of Juniata appearing 
in the last Visitor, were omitted. Due 
apology is made to the institution, for it 
was no lack on their part and would have 
added interest to the well-prepared arti- 
cle had they appeared. 

C The American Sunday-school Union 
for the year ending February 28, 1909, 

shows some very gratifying results as set 
forth in the following : Two hundred 
and forty-one missionaries were em- 
ployed whole or part time. They organ- 
ized 1,772 Sunday schools, with 6,471 
teachers and 59,875 scholars. They re- 
organized 714 additional schools with 
24,844 scholars. These missionaries de- 
livered 22,744 sermons and addresses, vis- 
ited 180,452 families, and distributed 21,- 
369 Bibles and Testaments, besides other 
books and papers amounting in value to 
$6,263.61. As a direct result of this 
effort 118 congregations of different de- 
nominations were organized, 44 houses 
were built, 290 Young People's Societies 
and prayer meetings formed and 11,652 
souls united with some church. The re- 
ceipts for the year amounted to $227,- 
354.45 and the expenditures $211,432.02. 

C Everyone is at liberty to reject Christ 
if he chooses and abide the consequences ; 
but having accepted Him, no one dare 
reject His greatest command, " Go ye/' 
without imperiling the faith and hope he 
professes to have in Christ. 

C At Vada, in India, Bro. and Sister 
Berkebile's station, smallpox broke out 
about May 1. Sister Berkebile writes 
thus about the situation : " Instead of 
the people trying to keep from contract- 
ing the disease they flock to the house 
where there is smallpox and worship the 
person who has the disease. The chief 
magistrate protested, but they would not 
heed him and the ones afflicted curse 
him and say the smallpox goddess will 
send some calamity on him. He is a high 
caste, well educated and about half Eu- 
ropeanized, and therefore tries to have 
some health rules to protect his people. 
We talked with them, but they would not 
heed us. At home our town would have 
been quarantined, but here see how dif- 
ferent it is ! When India is Christianized 
all will be changed. The government 
compels the children to be vaccinated and 
ignorant people resent it as a cruel ty- 
ranny. Our chickens got smallpox and 
I told a boy to cut off the head of a 


The Missionary Visitor 


sick one. He said, 'No, mama, I will 
never kill a creature that has smallpox.' 
It might be called a sacred disease." 

C In 1905 the Fredonia church, Kansas, 
built a meetinghouse. The burden was 
just a little heavier than they felt they 
could carry at the time and they secured 
a loan of $200 from the General Board 
on the following terms : They were to 
pay $40 each year for five years, without 
interest, unless any one payment became 
past due. The congregation paid the 
$40 each November 1, as it came due, 
and recently sent a check for the notes 
due Nov. 1, 1909 and 1910, thus paying 
the debt. Instead of feeling that the 
loan has been a burden to them the con- 
gregation thanks the Board for its favors. 
This simply shows the spirit in which the 
proffered help is received by this congre- 
gation. The Board has the funds to help 
churches, on the same plan, and is glad 
to do it. If congregations only realized 
it, the method is far better than general 
solicitations, which have proven very ex- 
pensive, unsatisfactory, and discouraging 
to all kinds of church work. The Gener- 
al Board again urges that congregations 
needing help apply to the loan funds, and 
that churches receiving calls to help build 
meetinghouses respectfully refer them to 
the fund and not take up the collection 
for them, unless the call has been au- 
thorized by the General Board. 

C Some people do not believe in endow- 
ments. " What will become of the prin- 
cipal when the world comes to an end ? " 
That question should not trouble people 
half as much as the best methods of do- 
ing all the good possible. What will be- 
come of our churchhouses when the 
world comes to an end? What will be- 
comes of all other property which the 
church holds for better carrying on her 
work, when the world comes to an end? 
Yes, what will become of the property 
which the individual members hold 
from the Lord and keep to carry on 
their own ambitions ? Just as fair a ques- 
tion and j-ust as serious a one, too. A 
sister, formerly of Quinter, Kansas, but 

who is now with the blessed, provided 
that $25 should be sent to the Board to 
endow one subscription to the Gospel 
Messenger for some poor one who might, 
thru its pages, be led to believe on Christ. 
There is a perpetual preaching set to 
work and it would be hard to think of 
any more extensive and effectual way of 
using $25. 


(Continued from Page 233.) 

wells in each compound. This is coming, 
tho, and they like to have a well of their 
own. All of the water is boiled before 
using, both by them and foreigners. 
China does not know that there is such a 
thing as a sewerage system. The whole 
empire needs it, but like many other 
things they do not know about it. No 
paved streets away from the ports and 
railways, no parks to speak of at all. 
They have tea gardens, but these are 
merely places where they can go and 
drink tea and do other and much graver 

China is rapidly taking up the reforms 
that come, and in her attempt to get the 
good the devils of foreign countries are 
often coming with the bad, and poor, ig- 
norant China does not know how to 
choose. Sometime ago there was a ter- 
rible thing made public by one of the 
United States consuls. He urged the 
beer merchants to come with their drinks 
(poisons) to China. Well, to be sure, 
they can sell it here, but I pray the Lord 
to paralyze that line of work in such a 
way that that class of goods cannot be 
gotten to our land. 

Some of China's great men are learn- 
ing that these things will not do, and are 
making an effort to keep them out. For 
example, the cigaret, that will take the 
place of the opium to smoke. It is sent 
here with so much poison in it that China 
is saying, " Let China make her own 
cigarets and keep the poison out." Well, 
I hope they will do that, but that is 
not nearly so good as to say like they 
are saying about the opium smoking, that 

(Continued on Page 242.) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Financial Report 


I also give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren Dollars, for the purposes of the Board as specified in 

their charter. And I hereby direct my executor (or executors) to pay said sum to the 

Secretary of said Board, taking his receipt, within months after my 



I also give, beqeueath, and devise to the General Mission Board of the Church of 
the Brethren one certain lot of land with the buildings thereon standing (here describe 
the premises with exactness and particularity), to be held and possessed by the Board, 
their successors and assigns forever, for the purposes specified in their charter. 


If you desire any or all your money to go to the church, and to make sure, would 
like to be your own executor, — if you would like to have the income during life and still 
not be troubled with the care of the property, the General Mission Board of the Church 
of the Brethren will receive such sums now, and enter into such agreements as will 
make your income sure. The bond of the Board is an unquestionable security. Full 
information may be had by addressing the Board. 

During the month of May the General Mis- 
sion Board sent out 64,260 pages of tracts. 

Corrections. — In the statement printed last 
month, the credits of Anna M. Vasey, $1.00; 
Flora L. Vasey, $1.00, and D. Vasey, $1.00, 
should have been placed in the donations from 
Nebraska instead of Southeastern Kansas. 

The Brethren's General Mission Board 
acknowledges the receipt of the following do- 
nations for the month of May 1909: 

Pennsylvania-^ ■ $131.63. 

Eastern District, Congregation. 

Coventry $ 14 40 


"A Brother and Sister, $25; H. B. 
Horst, $18; Eliz. Myer, $3.60; Receipt 
No. 9982, $3.50; Mrs. Kate Smith, $2; 

Vernie E. Blanch, $1 53 10 

Southern District, Sunday School. 

Mechanicsburg 28 40 

Middle District, Sunday School. 

Riddlesburg, 2 23 


M. E. Himmelsbaugh 1 00 

Western District, Individuals. 

D. M. Stouffer, $8; H. L. Griffith, 
$8; Linda Griffith, $5.50; Receipt No. 
10034, $5; W. H. Kontz, $5; Hannah 

Smith, $1, 32 50 

Ohio — $43.60. 

Northeastern District, Congregation. 



" A Brother, New Bedford," 

Northwestern District, Congregation. 

Lick Creek 


W. P. Lentz, $10; Jesse J. Angle- 
myer (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, ... 
Southern District, Individuals. 

J. R. Halladay, $2; Katie Beath, 


California — $38.50. 

Northern District, Individual. 

D. L. Forney 

Southern District, Individuals. 

Fanny E. Light, $30; Angeline 
Reese, $2; M. Grace Miller, $1; J. Z. 
Gilbert (Marriage Notices), $1.50; J. 
A. Brubaker (Marriage Notice), 50 
cents, J. M. Cox (Marriage Notice), 50 

cents 35 50 

Canada— $38.40. 

Fairview, 38 40 

Maryland — $35.87. 

Eastern District, Individual. 

W. H. Swan, 2 00 

Middle District, Congregation. 












Broad Run, $26.27; Hagerstown, 

$7.60, $ 

Idaho — $34.75. 

Nez Perce, $23; Boise Valley, $11.75, 
Virginia — $32.14. 
First District, Individual. 

Mrs. Bertha F. Thurmond 

Second District, Congregations. 

Barren Ridge, $13; Pleasant Valley, 

$6.57; Summit, $6.57, 


D. H. Smith and wife 

Illinois— $28.27. 

Northern District, Sunday School. 

Silver Creek 


M. D. Wingert, $20; A. C. Wieand, 
$1; Mrs. N. E. Minnich, $1; Lizzie 

Shirk, $1 

Southern District, Individual. 

Geo. W. Miller (Marriage Notice), 
Indiana — $17.15. 
Northern District, Individuals. 

Elizabeth Ebie, $5; Joseph Weaver 


Middle District, Congregation. 

Eel River 


H. F. Myers, $2; Mrs. Lottie Hum- 
mel, 75 cents, 

Southern District, Individual. 

Pearl M. Pheanis, 

North Dakota — $16.45. 

Bowbells, $9.40; Carrington, $7.05,.. 
Kansas — $12.85. 
Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Wade Branch, 

Southeastern District, Individual. 

" A Sister," 

Northwestern District, Sunday School. 

Freedom Union, 

Southwestern District, Sunday School. 

Pleasant Valley 

Oregon — $1 0.OO. 


Iowa, — $6.40. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

Rebecca C. Miller, $5; Anna Obrecht, 


Missouri — $6.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

Mrs. E. Reddick, .* 

Oklahoma — $5.35. 


Louisiana— $5.00. 

Mrs. M. S. Bolinger and wife, .... 










4 77 












16 45 

3 35 

1 00 

3 84 

4 66 

10 00 

6 40 

6 00 

5 35 

5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Washington — $5.00. 


Dora Whitaker, $ 5 00 

Minnesota — $2.00. 

C. S. Hilary and wife, $1.50; D. H. 
Keller (Marriage Notice), 50 cents, . 2 00 

West Virginia — $1.90. 
Second District, Individual. 

J. F. Ross, 1 90 

Arkansas — $1.50,. 

Lucy Blackquell, $1; John Black- 
quell, 50 cents 1 50 

Colorado— $1.00. 

John Trissel, ; 100 

Tennessee*— $0.50. 

A. H. Duncan, 50 

Michigan — $0.50. 

Vina Huff, 50 

Total for the month, $ 474 76 

Previously received, 705 22 

Total for the year so far, ..$1,179 98 

Ohio — $40.00. 

Northeastern District, Sunday Schools. 

Kent, $20; East N'imishillen, $20,.$ 40 00 
Pennsylvania-— $39.00. 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jacob A. Price, .... 1 00 

Southern District, Aid Society. 

Shanks 10 00 

Middle District, Aid Society. 

Spring Run, • 8 00 

Western District, Christian Workers. 

Meyersdale, 20 00 

Illinois — $20.00. 

Northern District, Christian Workers. 

Naperville, 20 00 

Iowa — $20.00. 

Middle District, Individuals. 

W. I. and Katie Buckingham 20 00 

Virginia-— ^}>2 0.00. 

First District, Individual. 

Mrs. T. C. Denton, 20 00 

Kansas — $18.50. 
Northwestern District. 

" Class 8 — Quinter," 16 00 

Southwestern District, Sunday School. 

Slate Creek, 2 50 

California — $16,00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Perry Bashore, - 16 00 

Maryland — $10.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Henry Funk, 10 00 

Indiana — $10.00. 

Northern District, Individual. 

*'K. K," 10 00 

Arkansas — $5.00. 

Mrs. Frank Reed 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 198 50 

Previously received 605 86 

Total for the year so far, $ 804 36 


Louisiana — $22.00. 

Roanoke, $ 22 00 

California — $20.00. 

Ina Marshburn 20 00 

Pennsylvania— -$6.74. 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

"Receipt 9982," $3; Mrs. and Mrs.* 

Jacob A. Price $1, 4 00 

Middle District, Individual. 

J. D. Ellinger, $1.74; Catherine Hos- 

tetler, $1, 2 74 

Arkansas — $5.00. 

Mrs. Frank Reed 5 00 

Canada — $1.00. 

Lester T. Jordan, $ 100 

Total for the month $ 54 74 

Previously received 97 51 

Total for the year, $ 152 25 

Kansas — $6.00. 

Northeastern District, Individual. 

Lydia A. Barnhart, $ 1 00 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

"Virginia Garst (Deceased) 5 00 

North Dakota — $6.00. 

Cando 6 00 

Fenn s y lvania— -$6. 00. 
Eastern District, Individuals. 

Receipt No. 9982, $3; Mr. and Mrs. 

Jacob A. Price, $2 5 00 

Western District, Individual. 

Hannah Smith 1 00 

North Carolina— $1.00. 

Ophrah T. Marshburn, 1 00 

Indiana — $Ol75. 

Middle District, Individual. 

Mrs. Lottie Hummel, 

Total for the month, $ 19 7 

Previously received, 50 7! 

Total for the year, $ 70 4 

Pennsylvania; — $1.83. 

Middle District, Individual. 

J. D. Ellinger, $ 1 

Total for the month, $ 1 

Total for the year, $ 18 


The General Mission Board acknowledges 
the receipt of the following donations to the 
Annual Meeting Collection for 1909: 
Pennsylvania-— $1,804.98. 
Eastern District, Congregations. 

First Church of the Brethren, Phil- 
adelphia, $309.06; Geiger Memorial, 
$125.50; Spring Creek, $92.92; Lan- 
caster City, $50.64; Ephrata, $40; 
Germantown, $37.25; White Oak, $34; 
Elizabethtown, $28.81; Upper Dublin, 
$25; Reading, $22.44; Mountville, 
$20.57; Big Swatara, $20.25; Spring- 
field, $12; Ridgely, $12; Little Swa- 
tara, $10.50 , ...$ 840 9 

Sunday Schools. 

Ephrata, $15; Mingo, $4.35 19 3 


Individuals of Conestoga, $4.25; 
Lizzie Andes, $1; Alace Bushlong, $1; 
Mary A. Fasnacht, $1; Mrs. Mary 

Ressler, $1, 8 25 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Antietam, $100; Back Creek, $41; 
Upper Codorus, $37.26; Lower Cum- 
berland, $36.25; Upper Conawago, 
$34; Upper Cumberland, $31.26; Fall- 
ing Spring, $30.78; Codorus, $21; 
Waynesboro, $15; York, $13.73; Perry, 

$12.50; Pleasant Hill, $12, 384 78 


H. B. Miller and wife, $10; Katie 

Miller, $1; Receipt No. 10083, $1, 12 00 

Middle District Congregations. 

Woodbury, $47.79; New Enterprise, 
$35; Altoona, $25; Dewistown, $21.41; 
Everett, $15.79; Clover Creek, $14.54; 
Fairview, $11.30; Snake Spring- 
Koontz Congregation, $11; Yellow 

Creek, $9.02 190 85 

Sunday School. 

Lewistown 7 75 


Mrs. Alice M. Leister, $25; Joseph 

Kinsel, $1; Irvin C. Stayer, $1 27 00 

Western District Congregations. 

West Johnstown, $75.01; Shade 
Creek, $36; Johnstown, $35; Quema- 
honing, $34.74; George's Creek, $22; 
Elk Lick, $20.01; Windber, $20; 
Summit Mills, $18.76; Pittsburg, 
$12.50; Maple Glen, $8; Johnstown- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Moxham, $5.04; Plum Creek, $5* Ten 

Mile, $2; Ligonier, $2; Rockton, $1, .$ 297 06 


Wm. Thomas, $10; Unknown, $5; 

J. O. and M. E. Kimmel, $2 17 00 

Ohio — $1,337.43. 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Ashland, $96.59; Chippewa, $54.73; 
Maple Grove, $42.52; Black River, 
$38.50; E. Nimishillen, $33.80; Spring- 
field, $33; Owl Creek, $23.66; Wooster, 
$20; Fostoria, $8; Mt. Zion, $6.50; 
Bethel-Mahoning, $5; Bunker Hill, $1, 363 30 
Sunday School. 

Akron Mission, 6 50 


Mrs. Elizabeth Koller, $1; Julia 
M. J. Schrantz, $1; Mrs. D. F. Kelley, 

$1; Frances J. Miller, $1 4 00 

Northwestern District Congregations. 

Sugar Creek, $54.52; Eagle Creek, 
$39; Swan Creek, $32.76; Lick Creek, 
$24.98; Logan, $24.41; Silver Creek, 
$24.20; Greenspring, $24; Lima, $7.75; 
Bellefontaine, $6; Maumee, $4; Baker, 

$3, . .. 244 62 


Mrs. Susan Burns, $5; Sarah Lytle, 
$5; E. R. Lytle, $5; David Lytle, 
$5; Marand Leib, $4; B. F. Driver, $1; 
Chas. McCune, $1; J. N. Baker, $1,.. 27 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Salem, $60.23; Trotwood, $56.81; 
Donnels Creek, $51.50; Bear Creek, 
$50; Lower Twin, $48.72; Hickory 
Grove, $47.84; Price's Creek, $46.60; 
Ludlow, $43.47; Upper Stillwater, 
$36.35; Lower Stillwater, $28; Union 
City, $27; West Dayton, $23.57; Cov- 
ington, $21.81; Poplar Grove, $20; 
West Milton, $19.12; Middle District, 
$14.76; Sidney Mission, $13; Oakland, 
$12; Lower Miami, $11.82; Beaver 
Creek, $11; Greenville, $5.30; Beech 

Grove-Upper Twin, $2, 650 90 

Sunday Schools. 

Schools of Wolf Creek Congrega- 
tion, $31.11; East Dayton, $5, 36 11 


I. C. Brumbaugh, 5 00 

Indiana — $1,212.94. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Union Center, $40; Pleasant Valley, 
$34; Solomon's Creek, $29.78; Pleas- 
ant Hill, $27.91; Yellow Creek, $24.90; 
Second South Bend, $23.05; Rock 
Run, $23; Bethel, $22.36; First South 
Bend, $22; Maple Grove, $16.90; 
Turkey Creek, $16; Cedar Creek, 
$14.25; Nappanee, $14.23; Elkhart 
City, $13.25; Goshen City, $12.61; 
North Liberty, $12; Walnut. $10.25; 
Baur' 1 $8.80; Tippecanoe, $8.50; Ce- 
dar Lake, $8.50; Osceola, $5.75; 

Hawpatch, $2.03 390 07 


H S. Bowers, $20; J. H. Miller, 
$17.03; Mr. and Mrs. Henry Gale, 
$5; Mrs. Nora A. Whitmer, $2; Mrs. 
Eliz. Ebie, $1; Chas. A. Gale, $1; 

John Neff, $1, 47 03 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Bachelor Run, $90.60; Mexico, $54; 
North Manchester, $46.85; Salamonie, 
$38.81; Huntington City, $29.55; 
Pleasant Dale, $21.75; Dower Deer 
Creek, $16.33; Eel River, $14.05; 
Markle, $13.70; Clear Creek, $13.34; 
Camden, $13.25; Monticello, $12.88; 
Huntington (Country), $11.40; Ogans 
Creek, $11.03; Roann, $10.62; Pipe 
Creek, $10.25; Somerset, $8.25; Sugar 

Creek, $6 422 66 

Sunday Schools. 

Santa Fe-Copper Creek, 10 00 


J. S. Baughn, $3; Kittie Hursh, 

$1 4 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Nettle Creek, $58; Mississinnewa, 
$44.25; Four Mile, $29; Prymont, 
$28; White, $27.10; Buck Creek, 
$19.53; Fairview, $15.52; Indianapolis 
and Muncie, $14; Arcadia, $12.50; 

Howard. $12.25; Upper Fall Creek, 

$9.35> $ 269 50 

Sunday School. 

Nettle Creek 37 68 


A Brother, $15; Albert Krall, $10; 
John L. Minnich, $6; Gertie Harrison, 

$1, 32 00 

Iowa — $1,008.32. 

Northern District Congregations. 

South Waterloo, $120.25; Grundy 
County, $66.56; Kingsley, $42.37; 
Green, $27.29; Grundy Center, $17.59; 
Franklin County, $12.09; Spring 
Creek, )$10.31; Pleasant Prairie, 

$10 306 46 


N. M. Albright, $25; Mrs. H. E. 
Walton, $10; David and Sarah Bral- 
lier, $8; Mae Albright, $5; Mrs. Geo. 

Mills, $2, 50 00 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Prairie City, $140; Dallas Center, 
$67.40; Cedar Rapids, $54.61; Brook- 
lyn, $54.10; Panther Creek, $47.57; 
Coon River, $32; Des Moines Valley, 
30; Cedar, $29.90; Iowa River, $15.31; 

Indian Creek, $8.01 478 90 


Jane and Sam 25 00 

Southern District, Congregations. 

South House — English River, $27; 
Salem, $26.04; South Keokuk, $25.25; 
Mt. Etna, $17; Fairview, $14.07; 
North House-English River, $12; 

Libertyville, $9.10 130 46 


Mrs. Geo. Replogle, $12.50; Jacob 
Keffer, $4; Mrs. D. M. Baughman, $1, 17 50 

Virginia — $1 ,068.36. 
First District, Congregations. 

Botetourt, $120.89; Roanoke City, 
$102.11; Peters Creek. $29.12; Ger- 
mantown, $7.38; Red Oak Grove, 
$5.75; Jeters Chapel, $5.10; Bethle- 
hem, $4; Smith's Chapel, $1, 275 35 


A. M. Frantz, $5; J. W. McOvoy, 

$5; E. P. Sanger, $1 11 00 

Second District, Congregations. 

Bridgewater, $185; Mill Creek, 
$51.03; Cooks Creek, $40.50; Lebanon, 
$35.16; Beaver Creek, $33; Sanger- 
ville, $28.10; Nokesville, $26; Green- 
mount, $25.18; Elk Run, $21.76; Fair- 
fax, $21.09; Barren Ridge, $13; Upper 
Lost River, $9; Manassas, $7.15; 
Mt. Vernon. $5; Woodstock. $4.50; 
Midland, $3.15: Linville Creek, $1, . 508 62 

Children's Sunday-school Collec- 
tion. Annual Meeting Grounds, .... 1524 

John W. Cline, $100; S. D. Cline. 
$100; Jos. A. Click, $15; S. D. Zigler 
and wife, $10; D. M. Glick, $5; Dennis 
Weimer. $3; Mary Smith, $2; S. H. 
Miller, $2; I. S. Wampler, $2; L. H. 
and Benjamin Miller, $2; F. N. 
Weimer and family, $1.15; S. R. 
Kline, $1; J. D. Wine, $1; Harry C. 
Reed, $1; Bettie J. Flory, $1; Noah 
Rhodes, $1; William H. Haller, $1; 
Lottie Driver, $1; Fannie E. Moore, 
$1; J. S. Culp, $1; John W. Zigler, 
$1; A. S. Wenger, $1; C. F Fifer, 
$1; John Clanahan, $1; Godfrey 
Shipp, $1; J. D. Showalter, $1 257 15 

Illinois — $978.84. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Silver Creek, $114.01; Pine Creek, 
$70.50; Franklin Grove, $68.17; Chi- 
cago, $59.45; Elgin, $55.68; Yellow 
Creek, $30.76; Milledgeville, $26.55; 
Shannon, $26.21; Lanark, $24.07; 
Polo, $24; Waddams Grove, $11.75; 
Wade Branch, $11.50; Hickory Grove, 
$11; Batavia, $10; Rock Creek, $6.34; 

Arnold's Grove, $5, 554 99 

Christian Workers. 

Lanark 5 97 


Mrs. R. E. Arnold, $10; D. Bar- 
rick, $1 11 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Southern District, Congregations. 

Pleasant Hill, $72.18; Macoupin 
Creek, $37.50; Cerro Gordo, $37.25; 
Oakley, $35.50; Sugar Creek, $30; 
Hudson, $25.25; Okaw, $25.17; Pan- 
ther Creek, $25; West Otter Creek, 
$24 25; Woodland, $21.12. Astoria, $20; 
Lamotte, $17; Mansfield, $8; Big 

Creek, $6.51; Martins Creek, $6 $ 390 73 

Sunday School. 

Kaskaskia 3 65 


Alma Crouse, $5; Salome Yordy, 
$3; Geo. Trone, $1.50; Alice S. Wal- 
lick, $1; Chris. Barnhart, $1; Betty 

Barnhart, $1, 12 50 

Kansas — $786.41. 

Northeastern District, Congregations. 

Abilene, $82.05; Morrill, $44.3J); 
Kansas City, $37; Ottawa, $36.35; 
Sabetha, $22.50; Overbrook, $20.50; 
Washington Creek, $19.35; Olathe, 
$16.80; Appanoose, $15.25; Vermillion, 
$9.51; Ozawkie, $9.50; Washington, 

$6.60; Rock Creek, $5.50, 325 21 

Southeastern District, Congregations. 

Parsons, $17; Verdigris, $10; New 
Hope, $8.50; Scott Valley, $7.15; 

Osage, $5.10; Mont Ida, $2 49 75 


J. M. Replogle, 2 00. 

Northwestern District, Congregations. 

Quinter, $53.63; Victor, $25; North 
Solomon, $14; Belleville, $11; Burr 

Oak, $10.50; Maple Grove, $6, 120 13 


Lester E. Williams, $10; Virginia 
Garst (deceased), $3.50; D. M. 

Shenk, $1, 14 50 

Southwestern District, Congregations. 

Darned, $61.81; McPherson, $60.55; 
Monitor, $36; Slate Creek, $21.55; 
Eden Valley, $17; Garden City, 
$16.08; Salem, $8; Walton, $7.80; 
Peabody, $5.78; Murdock, $5.22; 

Prairie View, $5.03, 244 82 


Henry, O. Perry, $25; L. Andes and 
children, $2; Nancy Harter, $2; Amos 

O. Brubaker, $1, 30 00 

California — $445.55. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Reed ley, $35.50; Sacramento, 
Valley, $20.50; Oak Grove, $13.35; 
Butte Valley, $11.55; Raisin City, 

$10.50; Fruitvale, $2.25, 93 65 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Pomona, $106; Covina, $62; Lords- 
burg, $45; Glendora, $36.50; Pasadena, 
$35; South Los Angeles, $-27.85; In- 

glewood, $23.55; Egan, $8, . .. 343 90 


Belinda Riley, $5; "Three, Trop- 

ico," $3 8 00 


Eastern District, Congregations. 

Pipe Creek, $36; Meadow Branch, - 
$31.56; Bush Creek, $22; Sams 
Creek, $10; Frederick, $10; Woodber- 

ry, $8.72; Pulton Avenue, $6, 124 28 

Sunday School. 

Maryland Collegiate Institute, .... 7 09 

Bible Society. 

Maryland Collegiate Institute, . . 6 17 


Mrs. A. L. Ausherman, $18; Lizzie 
and Clara Klein, $10; Mr. and Mrs. 
J. H. Whitmore, $5; Unknown, $5; 
Julian M. Roop, $1.50; W. H. Roop, 
$1; Howard Myers, $1; Mrs. D. A. 

Ebaugh, $1, 42 50 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Brownsville, $94.82; Welsh Run, 
$44.17; Hagerstown, $33.60; Manor, 

$27.45, Beaver Creek, $20 220 04 


E. S. Miller, 12 00 

Western District, Individual. 

H. H. Baker 2 00 

Missouri — $336.37. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Rockingham, $88.50; Wakenda, 
$61.96; Smith Fork, $37; Bethel, 
$10; Honey Creek, $10; Log Creek, 

$10; Shelby County, $6; Turkey 

Creek, $5, ... $ 


Emma Schildknecht, $2; Luther 

and Jane Rhodes, $2 

Middle District, Congregations. 

Mineral Creek, $57.15; Mound, 
$23.46; Osceola, $4; Prairie View, 

$3.25; Walnut Creek, $2.55, 

Southern District, Congregations. 

Carthage, $10; Nevada, $1.50 


Nannie A. Harman, $1; Mrs. Lizzie 

Shallenberger, $1, 

Idaho — $200.15. 

Twin Falls, $52.15; Payette Val- 
ley, $40.65; Boise Valley, $24.60; 
Nampa, $18.60; Boise Mission, $7; 

Clearwater, $6.15 


N. J. Garman, $50; Mrs. J. A. Har- 

lacher, $1, . . . .. 

North Dakota — $134.96. 

Cando, $29; Williston, $23.51; 
Snyder Lake, $21; Pleasant Valley, 
$9.10; Salem, $18.25; Bowbells, $12.50; 

Egeland, $10; Rock Lake, $9.60, 


Anna Brindle 

Nebraska — $128.03. 

Bethel, $39.65; Alvo, $22.88; Falls 

City, $7.50; South Red Cloud, $5, 


Receipt No. 10431, $50; Mrs. J. U. 
Slingluff, $1; Mrs. John Paroly, 

$1; Mary Hargleroad, $1 

Colorado — $113.67. 

Rocky Ford, $47.67; Fruita, $23.89; 
Sterling, $23.75; Denver, $8.50; M't. 

Garfield, $6.86; St. Vrain, $3, 

West Virginia — $107.12. 
First District, Congregations. 

Beaver Run, $26.75; Crab Orchard, 
$6.50; Hevner, $5; Top of Alleghany, 



Calvin and Elizabeth Rogers, $25; 
Mrs. Kate Leatherman and mother, 
$10; D. D. Hinegardner, $10; Lizzie 
Burgess (deceased), $5; Jeremiah 
Thomas, $2; A. L. Cook, $1; Aaron 

Fike, $1; C. R. Amtower, $1 

Second District, Congregation. 


Michigan— $80.73. 

Woodland, $37.20; Thornapple, 
$24.50; New Haven, $9.75; Sunfield, 

$6.50; Vestaburg, 78 cents, 


Vina Huff, 

Louisiana — $69.85w 

Roanoke and friends, $55.35; Jen- 
nings, $14.50 

District of Columbia — $56.00. 

Washington, •■ 

Texas — $52.50. 

Manvel, $37; Saginaw, $15.50 

Oklahoma- : —$49 .80. 

Mound Valley, $12.25; Big Creek, 
$11; North Star, $3.85; Guthrie, $3.70; 
Pleasant Home, $3; Bright Star, 

$2.30; Indian Creek, $2, 

Individuals. , x 

Mrs. W. L. Stone, $10; a sister, 


Tennessee — $44.10. 
Congregations. - 

Pleasant Hill, $12; Pleasant Val- 
ley, $5; Limestone, $4.05; Bristol, 


Sunday School. 

Boons Creek 


Louiza Klepper, $2; J. M. Gaby, 
$1; M. D. Carter, $1; P. M. Cor- 
rell, $1; Lulu Klepper, $1 

228 46 
4 00 

90 41 
11 50 

2 00 

149 15 
51 00 

132 96 
2 00 

75 03 

53 00 

113 67 

39 62 

55 00 
12 50 









52 50 

38 10 
11 70 

23 05 
15 05 

6 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


New York— $40.00. 


Brooklyn 5 40 00 

Minnesota — $38.43. 

Hancock, $16; Worthington, $15.18; 

Lewistown, $5.75 36 93 


Mrs. Bernice Ashmore, $1; Albert 

Miller 50 cents 150 

New Mexico — $36.65. 

Clovis, $25; Miami, $6.65; Dexter, 

$5, 36.65 

Washing-ton— $37.30. 

Sunnyside, $10.75; East Wenatchee, 
$10.35; Centralia, $8.70; Spokane, 

$5.50 35 30 


A. M. Dickey 2 00 

Oregon — $33.72. 

Portland, $20; Coquille, $10.54, .. 30 54 

Sunday School. 

Coquille, 3 18 

New Jersey — $15.00. 

New Jersey churches, 15 00 

Wisconsin — $15.00. 

Ash Ridge 15 00 

South Dakota — $13.75. 

Willow Creek 13 75 

Alabama — $13.00. 

E. J. Neher, $5; W. B. Neher, $5; 

Stella E. Neher, $3, 13 00 

Arkansas — $10.00. 

Mrs. Prank Reed, 10 00 

Arizona — $8.50. 

Glendale 8 50 

Canada — $5.00. 

Louisa Shaw, $3; Willis and Ella 

Stutsman, $2 5 00 

North Carolina — $4.00. 

Melvin Hill, 4 00 

Montana — $2.00. 

J. W. Penrod, $1; Sarah A. Pen- 
rod, $1 2 00 

Miscellaneous — $31.00. 

"Kindness of Miss Ida," $25; W. 
H. Holsinger, $2; Unknown, $1; Un- 
known, $1; Mrs. Louisa Wisler, $1, 
" From a boy interested in missions," 
50 cents; Silas C. Foster, 50 cents, .. 31 00 

Total by State Districts, ...... $10,680 51 

Found Loose in the Hat 1.798 97 

Total collection for World-wide, $12,479 48 

Ohio — $29.50. 


Northeastern District, Congregation. 

Aashland $ 2 00 


Mary R. Hoover ■ 20 00 

Northwestern District, Individual. 

Lois Thomas 7 50 

Iowa — $20.00. 

Middle District, Individual. 

S. B. Miller 20 00 

Virginia — $16.00. 

First District, Congregation. 

Roanoke City, . 16 00 

Maryland— ;-$5.00. 
Eastern District. 

Fulton Ave., Sewing Class, ".. 5 00 

Pennsylvania— -$3 .77. 

Eastern District, Sunday School. 

Spring Creek 3 77 

Total for the Annual Meeting 

collection, $ 74 27 


Pennsylvania — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Receipt No. 10083, $ 

1 00 

Total for the Annual Meeting 

collection, $ 1 00 

Pennsylvania — $1.00. 

Southern District, Individual. 

Receipt No. 10083, $ 100 

Total for the Annual Meeting 

collection $ 100 

Total for the year so far $ 1 00 

Pennsylvania — $36.00. 
Eastern District, Congregation. 

Harrisburg, $ 35 00 

Southern District, Individual. 

Receipt No. 10083, ' 1 00 

Idaho— $26.00. 

Weiser, 26 00 

Illinois — $20.58. 

Northern District, Congregations. 

Bethel (Naperville), $18.08; Chi- 
cago, $2.50 20 58 

North Dakota — $12.50. 

Bowbells, 12 50 

Ohio— $12.00. 

Southern District, Congregation. 

Newton, 7 00 


A brother 5 00 

Washington — $0.50. 

Receipt No. 10159 50 

Total for the Annual Meeting 

collection, $ 107 58 


Denver, Colo., May 11, 1909. Amount of 
money received by the Church of the Breth- 
ren toward the building of a churchhouse in 
Dever, Colo., from April 1, 1909, to May 1, 

Anna E. Shank, $1.50; Lizzie Greene, $2; 
collected by S. A. Honberger: J. Lehman, $1; 

A. Neher, $2; Guthrie church, Okla., 85 cents; 
Paradise Prairie church, Okla., $4.16; Essie S. 
Holsinger $4; M. A. Worrell, $2; N. J. Worrell, 
$2; S. G. Burnett, $3; Catharine Bank, 50 cents; 

B. S. Burnett, $1; E. Garman, $1; J. E. Fill- 
more, $2; D. L. Kinzie, $3; J. L. Holsinger and 
wife, $2; Big Creek church, Okla.,